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Figurative language creates figures (pictures) in Figurative language creates figures (pictures) in Figurative language creates figures (pictures) in

the mind of the reader or listener. These pictures the mind of the reader or listener. These pictures the mind of the reader or listener. These pictures
help convey the meaning faster and more vividly help convey the meaning faster and more vividly help convey the meaning faster and more vividly
than words alone. than words alone. than words alone.
We use figures of speech in "figurative language" to We use figures of speech in "figurative language" to We use figures of speech in "figurative language" to
add colour and interest, and to awaken the add colour and interest, and to awaken the add colour and interest, and to awaken the
imagination. imagination. imagination.
1. Simile 1. Simile 1. Simile
The most commonly used figure of speech, it The most commonly used figure of speech, it The most commonly used figure of speech, it
directly compares one object to another, using directly compares one object to another, using directly compares one object to another, using
words 'as', 'as though', 'as if', 'as '.. as' and 'like' words 'as', 'as though', 'as if', 'as '.. as' and 'like' words 'as', 'as though', 'as if', 'as '.. as' and 'like'
E.g. Eyes as blue as the sky and deep like the ocean E.g. Eyes as blue as the sky and deep like the ocean E.g. Eyes as blue as the sky and deep like the ocean
2. Metaphor 2. Metaphor 2. Metaphor
It is similar to simile but uses indirect It is similar to simile but uses indirect It is similar to simile but uses indirect
comparison. It compares two things by saying comparison. It compares two things by saying comparison. It compares two things by saying
one thing is another thing. It does not use the one thing is another thing. It does not use the one thing is another thing. It does not use the
words like or as. words like or as. words like or as.
E.g. He was a lion in the battle field. E.g. He was a lion in the battle field. E.g. He was a lion in the battle field.
3. Personification 3. Personification 3. Personification
Personification simply means making Personification simply means making Personification simply means making
inanimate things behave in a very human like inanimate things behave in a very human like inanimate things behave in a very human like
way. way. way.
E.g. The wind whispers secrets in my ears E.g. The wind whispers secrets in my ears E.g. The wind whispers secrets in my ears
4. Hyperbole 4. Hyperbole 4. Hyperbole
It is another very commonly used figure of It is another very commonly used figure of It is another very commonly used figure of
speech, which simply translated means speech, which simply translated means speech, which simply translated means
exaggeration. exaggeration. exaggeration.
E.g. A thousand times I begged his pardon E.g. A thousand times I begged his pardon E.g. A thousand times I begged his pardon
5. Synecdoche 5. Synecdoche 5. Synecdoche
It uses either the part of an object to describe It uses either the part of an object to describe It uses either the part of an object to describe
the whole or vice versa. the whole or vice versa. the whole or vice versa.
E.g. The face that launched a thousand ships E.g. The face that launched a thousand ships E.g. The face that launched a thousand ships
6. Apostrophe 6. Apostrophe 6. Apostrophe
It is a diversion of discourse from the topic at It is a diversion of discourse from the topic at It is a diversion of discourse from the topic at
hand to addressing some person or thing, either hand to addressing some person or thing, either hand to addressing some person or thing, either
present or absent. present or absent. present or absent.
E.g. O, Rizal! Rise and save the youth E.g. O, Rizal! Rise and save the youth E.g. O, Rizal! Rise and save the youth

Analysis
Complete the story with the use of the indicated
figure of speech. State the answer to the class.

"Jack hopped (simile) down the hill. He met Jill who


(hyperbole). The two of them loved to go to the
park where (personification)."