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Solar PV

✓ 23% renewable energy mix by 2025

✓ Government targets of 5GW of solar;
supported by the utility company commitment
in their electricity supply plan
✓ High potential for solar PV integration
✓ Diverse commercial and legal framework that
allow different business models
Installed and Targeted Solar PV Projects in Indonesia

2025 Planned for

6.4GW *** Maritje Hutapea, Director of Various Renewable Energy

Target for
** Rida Mulyana, Director General of New and Renewable
Energy and Energy Conservation

22.45 MW*
Indonesia’s Installed Generation Capacity (2015)

Java-Bali and Total Indonesian

solar PV
Sumatra potential at 10%
(33.5GW+7.5GW) penetration
41GW (4.9GW)

OR: 10% of Day TimePeak Load

Rest of
penetration in Indonesia will equal to
Source: PLN Indonesia
(8 GW) 2.4GW of solar PV potential
Assumption: Day Time Peak Load = 50% of Installed Capacity
PLN’s Business Units and Grid Condition
Normal (adequate reserve power)
Warning (reserve less than largest plant)
Deficit (Partial rolling blackout)
Business Units with Highest Production Cost
Peak Load of the Most Expensive Business Units
2018 Peak Load
344 MW, West Nusa 228 MW, East Nusa Tenggara 174 MW, Papua

155 MW, Maluku

2,523 MW, North Sumatra
782 MW, North Sulawesi /

515 MW, West Kalimantan

776 MW, East Kalimantan

581 MW, Aceh

296 MW, Central Kalimantan

622 MW, South Kalimantan
Solar PV Potential
PLN Business Unit 2018 Peak Load Production Cost 10% Penetration 5% Penetration
North Sumatra 2,523 MW $ 0.20/kWh 252 MW 126 MW
Aceh 581 MW $ 0.20/kWh 58 MW 29 MW
South Kalimantan 622 MW $ 0.15/kWh 62 MW 31 MW
Central Kalimantan 296 MW $ 0.15/kWh 30 MW 15 MW
East Kalimantan 776 MW $ 0.17/kWh 78 MW 39 MW
West Kalimantan 515 MW $ 0.21/kWh 52 MW 26 MW
North Sulawesi / Gorontalo 782 MW $ 0.18/kWh 78 MW 39 MW
Maluku 155 MW $ 0.24/kWh 16 MW 8 MW
West Nusa Tenggara 344 MW $ 0.19/kWh 34 MW 17 MW
East Nusa Tenggara 228 MW $ 0.25/kWh 23 MW 11 MW
Papua 174 MW $ 0.20/kWh 17 MW 9 MW
TOTAL 700 MW 350 MW
Indonesia’s Electricity Sector Stakeholders
Our Services to assist with opportunity funnel
• A desk study of the Indonesian grid to
identify suitable regions for the project
National Grid Identification developer’s risk appetite and other criteria
• Captive power

• A regional study is done to identify high-level logistics

and project implementation risks and select a likely
Regional Study region

• Within the region(s) that have been identified, location specific

Project Area reports and preliminary discussions with PLN and potential
sites will be identified
• Look for potential land to acquire, specific discussions with PLN and local
Site government. Perform pre-feasibility surveys on a few highly likely sites
with possible land agreements
• Full feasibility study of the project site including grid interconnection study,
Feasibility logistics and project management assessment, and other work as required
National Grid Identification
Each of the grid systems will be
studied to identify its relevant
features such as installed capacity,
peak load, likely limitations and/or
opportunities for utility scale solar
PV implementations and when
available, its frequency and duration
of consumer outages.

This study will allow for the client to

select several regions within
Indonesia for further study and
finally select utility scale solar PV
project locations

A comprehensive study of the different grid systems within Indonesia and identify the different geographical regions
or PLN business units that can benefit from solar PV project implementations. Include different business models
that will provide a win-win solution between developer and PLN
Regional Study
From the previous study of
Indonesia’s national electricity
grid, several regions can be
selected for further in depth

This regional study will look at

existing transmission lines,
regional cost of electricity
production, approximate
generation type mix and grid
conditions (frequency and length
of outages). Just as important, the
dispatch mechanisms used by the
local utility management unit will
be reviewed.

The results from this study will include insights and information about the region so that particular
areas of interest may emerge based on the risks and opportunities found from the analysis
Project Area Review
This study will identify very specific
areas within the regions that have
Potential Solar PV good potentials. Local experts will be
project area
deployed on site to survey the regions
previously identify to narrow down the
areas that have a high probability of
success for solar PV projects.

Potential Solar PV
Electrical utility substations will be
project area located and analyzed as possible
interconnection points, the suitability
surrounding land conditions will be
surveyed, and a study of the grid
Less desirable Potential Solar PV project condition such as load flow analysis,
Solar PV project area substation specifications and system
area single line diagram will be obtained.

Local PLN offices and local government offices will be visited to gather further information such as daytime
peak loads, future power plants, load flow data analysis, economic growth possibilities, and other risks and
opportunities specific to the area
Site Assessment
Our stakeholder engagement Once the project area has
experts and experienced been identified, our team
logistics as well as project can assist the client in
planners will also be more acquiring the land and the
heavily involved. They will permits necessary for the
determine the suitability of project. Our connections
the site based on their own with PLN and the local
area of expertise. government allows us to
navigate through this
Solutions to challenges such process smoothly.
as logistics will be analyzed at
a high level and a The possible sites to be
comprehensive site acquired will be assessed for
assessment report will be project suitability including
produced for site to be shading, soil samples,
considered for project environmental conditions,
implementation. social and political risks, and
many other criteria.
Feasibility and Grid Interconnection Study

Once the location has been determined, a grid interconnection study and a
feasibility study need to be performed for PLN’s approval. Because PLN is
also the grid operator, they have the final say on the size of the solar PV
power plant that can be installed.

Our team of experts and associates are experienced in performing grid

interconnection studies with PLN. They have spent a considerable amount of
time with PLN using the software and methodologies they utilize to perform
the grid studies.

Other team members of local and internationally experienced experts are

familiar with the opportunities and challenges present in Indonesia for
implementing utility scale solar PV projects. They will be assessing the
environmental impact, logistics, project management and other aspects of
the project.
Consulting Stages and Activities
National Grid Regional Project Area Review Site Assessment Feasibility Study
Identification Study
Desk study of available data Publicly available + Additional + Weather, Local All All
data regional data data and phone calls
Site Visit No Regional visit Local area visit Project site visit Project site visit
Site Survey No Optional Optional Brief survey Full survey
Grid interconnection study No No Optional Optional Yes
PLN Local Office Visit No Optional Yes Yes Yes
Substation Visits No Optional Yes Yes Yes
Local Government Visit No Optional Yes Yes Yes`
Technical Grid Analysis No No Optional Yes Yes
Regulatory Review High Level High Level Optional Yes Yes
Example Regional Study - West Nusa Tenggara
Based on the Indonesian government
reverse auction program in late 2013
through early 2014, there will be a
2MW grid connected solar PV plant in
North Lombok. The winner of the
auction was reported to have
submitted a bid for US$18.8/MWh.
There are some advantages in
developing solar PV projects in West
Nusa Tenggara. However it is prudent
to also be looking at other regions in
Indonesia at the same time.

In the region, there are about 400MW of power plants installed in three interconnected grids. The largest system is Lombok with
about 300MW of installed power plants.

By 2016, it is expected that a 50MW Mobile Power Plant running on dual-fuel (High Speed Diesel and CNG) will be operational.
Additional power plants are planned totaling over 950MW by 2024. These are expected to be coal, geothermal and hydro.
West Nusa Tenggara in Numbers (2014 data)
Peak Load vs Available Generation Energy Sold by PLN
Generation Rest of
Capacity Indonesia
4% 26.35%

West Nusa
0.65% Java-Bali

Peak Load

300 MW of gas power plants are planned to

be operational by 2017
200 MW of additional coal steam power to
150kV 70kV 20kV be operational by 2019
Lombok Only Sumba and Bima All region
256 km (planned) 4,900 km
348,400,000 L of diesel fuel
used to produce 1,306,000,000
kWh of electricity