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Problem set 1

ACML01E – AC MACHINERY
AC GENERATOR

Problems:
1. A 3-φ, 10-pole, Y-connected alternator runs at 600 r.p.m. It has 120 stator slots with 8 conductors per slot and the
conductors of each phase are connected in series. Determine the phase and line e.m.fs. if the flux per pole is 56 mWb.
Assume full-pitch coils.
2. Calculate the speed and open-circuit line and phase voltages of a 4-pole, 3-phase, 50-Hz, star-connected alternator with
36 slots and 30 conductors per slot. The flux per pole is 0.0496 Wb and is sinusoidally distributed.
3. A 3-phase, 16-pole alternator has a star-connected winding with 144 slots and 10 conductors per slot. The flux per pole
is 30 mWb sinusoidally distributed. Find the frequency, the phase and line voltage if the speed is 375 rpm.
4. A synchronous generator has 9 slots per pole. If each coil spans 8 slot pitches, what is the value of the pitch factor ?
5. A 3-phase, Y-connected, 2-pole alternator runs at 3,600 r.p.m. If there are 500 conductors per phase in series on the
armature winding and the sinusoidal flux per pole is 0.1 Wb, calculate the magnitude and frequency of the generated
voltage from first principles.
6. One phase of a 3-phase alternator consists of twelve coils in series. Each coil has an r.m.s. voltage of 10 V induced in it
and the coils are arranged in slots so that there is a successive phase displacement of 10 electrical degrees between the
e.m.f. in each coil and the next. Find graphically or by calculation, the r.m.s. value of the total phase voltage developed
by the winding. If the alternator has six pole and is driven at 100 r.p.m., calculate the frequency of the e.m.f. generated.
7. A 4-pole, 50-Hz, 3-phase, Y-connected alternator has a single-layer, full-pitch winding with 21 slots per pole and two
conductors per slot. The fundamental flux is 0.6 Wb and air-gap flux contains a third harmonic of 5% amplitude. Find
the r.m.s. values of the phase e.m.f. due to the fundamental and the 3rd harmonic flux and the total induced e.m.f.
8. A 3-phase, 10-pole alternator has 90 slots, each containing 12 conductors. If the speed is 600 r.p.m. and the flux per
pole is 0.1 Wb, calculate the line e.m.f. when the phases are (i) star connected (ii) delta connected. Assume the winding
factor to be 0.96 and the flux sinusoidally distributed.
9. A star-connected 3-phase, 6-pole synchronous generator has a stator with 90 slots and 8 conductors per slot. The rotor
revolves at 1000 r.p.m. The flux per pole is 4 × 10−2 weber. Calculate the e.m.f. generated, if all the conductors in each
phase are in series. Assume sinusoidal flux distribution and fullpitched coils.
10. A six-pole machine has an armature of 90 slots and 8 conductors per slot and revolves at 1000 r.p.m. the flux per pole
being 50 milli weber. Calculate the e.m.f. generated as a three-phase star-connected machine if the winding factor is
0.96 and all the conductors in each phase are in series.
11. A 3-phase, 16 pole alternator has a star connected winding with 144 slots and 10 conductors per slot. The flux/pole is
0.04 wb (sinusoidal) and the speed is 375 rpm. Find the frequency and phase and line e.m.f. The total turns/phase may
be assumed to series connected.
12. Calculate the synchronizing torque for one mechanical degree of phase displacement in a 6,000-kVA, 50-Hz, alternator
when running at 1,500 r.p.m with a generated e.m.f. of 10,000 volt. The machine has a synchronous impedance of 25%.
13. A 10,000-kVA, 6,600-V, 16-pole, 50-Hz, 3-phase alternator has a synchronous reactance of 15%. Calculate the
synchronous power per mechanical degree of phase displacement from the full load position at power factor 0.8
lagging.
14. A 6.6 kV, 3-phase, star-connected turbo-alternator of synchronous reactance 0.5 ohm/phase is applying 40 MVA at 0.8
lagging p.f. to a large system. If the steam supply is suddenly cut off, explain what takes place and determine the current
the machine will then carry. Neglect losses.
15. A 3-phase 400 kVA, 6.6 kV, 1500 rpm., 50 Hz alternator is running in parallel with infinite bus bars. Its synchronous
reactance is 25%. Calculate (i) for no load (ii) full load 0.8 p.f. lagging the synchronizing power and torque per unit
mechanical angle of displacement.