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Paper Title
Image Restoration Techniques Using Fusion to Remove Motion Blur
Authors
Neha Jat, Jyoti Jain
Abstract
Restoration techniques are oriented towards modelling the degradation and applying inverse process to recover the original image. The image gets blurred due to relative motion between object and detector (Motion Blur), and/or improperly focused image capturing device. This work presents a comparison of different image restoration process where, different filtering method are used with RL-Deconvolutionfor different applications. The proposed approach combines two different restoration method by using DWT.
Keywords
Lucy Richardson method, wiener filter, image fusion,DWT (Discrete wavelet Transform)
Citation/Export
MLA
Neha Jat, Jyoti Jain, “Image Restoration Techniques Using Fusion to Remove Motion Blur”, June 18 Volume 6 Issue 6 , International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication (IJRITCC), ISSN: 2321-8169, PP: 184 - 188
APA
Neha Jat, Jyoti Jain, June 18 Volume 6 Issue 6, “Image Restoration Techniques Using Fusion to Remove Motion Blur”, International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication (IJRITCC), ISSN: 2321-8169, PP: 184 - 188

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______________________________________________________________________________________

Image Restoration Techniques Using Fusion to Remove Motion Blur

Sagar Institute of Research and Technology, Sagar Institute of Research and Technology,

Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India

Email : neha.jat56@gmail.com Email : hodec@sirtbhopal.ac.in

Abstract—Restoration techniques are oriented towards modelling the degradation and applying inverse process to recover the original image.

The image gets blurred due to relative motion between object and detector (Motion Blur), and/or improperly focused image capturing device.

This work presents a comparison of different image restoration process where, different filtering method are used with RL-Deconvolutionfor

different applications. The proposed approach combines two different restoration method by using DWT.

Keywords: Lucy Richardson method, wiener filter, image fusion,DWT (Discrete wavelet Transform)

__________________________________________________*****_________________________________________________

I. INTRODUCTION II. IMAGE RESTORATION

Image restoration is the process of recovering an A. Wiener filter[5]

image that has been degraded by using a priori knowledge of Wiener filter is used to yield an estimated image of desired

the degradation phenomenon. Restoration techniques or targeted arbitrary process by using linear Time-

involves modelling of the degradation function and applying Invariant(LTI) processing of recognized noise, basically

the inverse process to recover the original image. [1] wiener filter minimizes the mean square error of estimated

pixel value and the desired pixel value.

Digital image Restoration techniques falls into

The main objective of wiener filter is to figure out

digital image processing. In digital Image restoration

statistical estimate of an anonymous signal employing an

degraded, noisy or/and Blurred images consider as an Input

associated signal as an input and filtering the acknowledge

and put effort to estimate the original and de-noised image.

signal to yield estimated output

image may have got corrupted by any unknown phenomenon

or external interference like, when the image of source is Weiner Filtering is also a non-blind technique for

captured/ taken on a detector or couple charged device reconstructing the degraded image in the occurrence of

(CCD) and there will be relative motion between them,then known PSF. It removes the additive noise and

during the exposure the point sources of real image got shift/ inverts the blurring at the same time. It not only performs

drift in captured image, which depends upon the relative the deconvolution by inverse filtering (high pass filtering) but

motion between them (This phenomenon is known as motion in addition removes the noise by means of a firmness

Blur). operation (low pass filtering). It evaluates through an

Motion blur is an undesired effect on an image due to estimation of the desired noiseless image. The input to a

camera shake during exposure, a long aperture time, wiener filter is a degraded image corrupted through additive

atmospheric turbulence, wrong focusing of lens, relative noise. The output image is computed by means of a filter

motion between Photographic device and original scene. In through means of the subsequent expression

image processing system, it is Important to regain the

original image from degraded image which is blurred by a 𝑓” = 𝑔 ∗ (𝑓 + 𝑛)

degradation Function[2][3][4].The degradation producing ill-

effect of blur is termed as the point spread function (PSF). 𝑓 is the new image, 𝑛 is the noise, 𝑓" is the estimated image

Any type of blur is characterized by the PSF. The and 𝑔 is the wiener filters response.

electromagnetic radiation or other imaging wave’s

propagated from a point source or point object is known as B. Lucy-Richardson Deconvolution Method[6]

the PSF. The quality of any imaging system depends on the When an image is captured on a detector such as

degree of spreading (blurring) of the point object. The photographic film or a charge coupled device (CCD), it will

PSFdefines the impulse response of a point source[3]. get slightly blurred, with an ideal point source not appearing as

a point but being spread out, that is known as the point spread

function. Non-point sources are generally the sum of many

individual point sources, and pixels in a recorded image can be

184

IJRITCC | June 2018, Available @ http://www.ijritcc.org

_______________________________________________________________________________________

International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication ISSN: 2321-8169

Volume: 6 Issue: 6 184 - 188

______________________________________________________________________________________

represented in terms of the point spread function and the latent i.e. the image is divided into very small blocks called pixels.

image as An image can be defined as a two dimensional function I [2]

𝐼 = 𝑓(𝑥, 𝑦)

𝑑𝑖 = 𝑝𝑖𝑗 𝑢𝑗

𝑗

Degradation Restoration

𝑝𝑖𝑗 is PSF (Point Spread Function), Function + Filter

𝑗 and 𝑖 are; true image and recorded image,

𝑢𝑗 is value at location 𝑗,

𝑑𝑖 is observed value at location 𝑖, ƞ(x,y)

Distribution

Where 𝑥 and 𝑦 are spatial coordinates. 𝑥, 𝑦 represents a

(𝑡−1) ⅆ𝑖 pixel. 𝐼 is the intensity or grey level value which is the

𝑢𝑗 = 𝑢𝑗 𝑡 𝑝

𝑐𝑖 𝑖𝑗 amplitude of 𝑓 at any point 𝑥, 𝑦 . If the values of the

𝑖 coordinates (spatial coordinates) and the amplitude are finite

Where, and discrete, then it is called digital image .the degraded

images 𝑔 𝑥, 𝑦 can Be represented as

𝑐𝑖 = 𝑝𝑖𝑗 𝑢𝑗 𝑡

𝑗 𝑔 𝑥, 𝑦 = 𝑥, 𝑦 ∗ 𝑓 𝑥, 𝑦 + ƞ 𝑥, 𝑦

C. Regularized Filter[7]

Regularized filtering is used effectively when observed image are represented using the PSF an image

constraints like smoothness are applied on the recovered image undeniably is to avoid the need for restoring the image.

and limited information is known about the additive noise. The Furthermore, proposed work presents comparative analysis

blurred and noisy image is restored by a constrained least of different non-blind image restoration techniques based on

square restoration algorithm that uses a regularized filter. Wiener and Lucy-Richardson algorithm for different types of

Regularized restoration provides similar results as the wiener image layouts. [8]

filtering but it has a very different viewpoint. In regularized

Lucy Richardson fused with Wiener restoration

filtering less prior information is required to apply restoration.

The regularization filter is often chosento be a discrete

Laplacian. ThisFilter can be understood as an approximation III. Lucy Richardson fused with regularized filter

of a Wiener filter.

𝑦 𝑚, 𝑛 = 𝑚, 𝑛 ∗ 𝑥 𝑚, 𝑛 + 𝑢(𝑚, 𝑛) IV. LITERATURE SURVEY

Where,

Li Yang et.al in 2016[3] proposed a Method to the relative

∗ is 2D-Convolution, motion between the camera and the object scene produce

defect in recorded image which is termed as Motion Blur. The

𝑚, 𝑛 is Point Spread Function (PSF),

degraded image, which is degraded by the relative motion and,

𝑥 𝑚, 𝑛 is original image, the image Must have Motion Blur with blur direction are

crucial for image restoration. After image recognition and

𝑢 𝑚, 𝑛 𝑖𝑠 𝑎𝑑𝑑𝑖𝑡𝑖𝑣𝑒 𝑛𝑜𝑖𝑠𝑒.

image analysis, the author developed an approach which is

Regularization deconvolution concentrates mainly on two based on the fractional directional derivative operator with a

desirable goals. non-casual solution to restore an image from Motion blurred

image a partial Derivative operator is summarized on

1. The closeness of model fit.

fractional derivative

2. The closeness of the model behavior

Real and synthesized motion Blurred images are

The model which will closely fulfills the model requirement

evaluated quantitatively and qualitatively performance

are,

evaluated. Noise is the crucial aspect of authored method. The

[𝑦(𝑚, 𝑛) − 𝑚, 𝑛 ∗ 𝑥(𝑚, 𝑛)]2 experiments are established on a non-casual fractional partial

𝑚 ,𝑛

derivative mask, which ensures That the method will provide

better immunity to noise in comparison and accuracy of

D. Model of degradation analyzing motion Blur than the method based on integer order

A Model of image degradation and restoration process differentiation.

the basic unit of an image is called a pixel or image element

185

IJRITCC | June 2018, Available @ http://www.ijritcc.org

_______________________________________________________________________________________

International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication ISSN: 2321-8169

Volume: 6 Issue: 6 184 - 188

______________________________________________________________________________________

Haiying Liu et.al in 2016[4] proposed a Total Variation Experimental Conventional Authored

Regulization Algorithm.Image taken / captured from Image Size

Images method Method

unfavorable conditions are more tend to got blurred by Article 482 X 482 17.0 7.5

unknown kernels and may corrupted by measurement noise. Parrots 753 X 502 25.4 8.5

The authored paper such as a new total variation (TV) Street 1024 X 683 52.8 10.4

minimization based method for blindly deburredthose images. Big Ben 1920 X 1080 141.9 16.8

The proposed method is dissimilar to the alternative

optimization based algorithm, by adopting a joint estimation Table 2: Processing Time [sec]

strategy that removes the unknownblurringkernel and

unknown image by iterative manner. In each iteration two K. Panfilova et.al [8]proposedmethod to solved the problem

separate image de-noisingsub problems / sub process are of linear blur (Linear Blur Compensation). To restored image,

performed that provides fast implementation. In authored authors usedLucy-Richardson iterative deconvolution and its

paper experiment perform on gray-scale test images as well as sub variants. The main disadvantage of conventional Lucy-

colored images. The proposed new method deburredimage Richardson iterative deconvolution are edge artifacts that

with considerably fast than conventional algorithm technique. forms during deconvolution process and less information of

optimal numbers of algorithm iteration. To lessen the issue of

[13] + [9] Proposed Method those problems authors proposed to extend the test subjected

SSIM 0.7595→0.9125 0.7595→0.9739 image beyond to its original border reducing its brightness to

zero at newly created borders and used an empirical

PSNR (dB) 21.4131→25.6472 21.4131→31.4932

benchmark to define the point where the iterative Lucy-

Identified kernel L2 Richardson procedure should end. The limit of iterations is

0.0090 0.0033

error

based on some analysis of the changes in the image at each

Eclipsed Time (sec) 77.9242 48.9063 iteration. The proposed changes (method) resulted in decrease

Table 1 : Performance comparison for grey image of image distortion by more than 50% (in RMS). This study

makes possible to easily estimate the required numbers of

Tomio goto et.al[1]is proposed a blind method that rapidly iterations for better performance of algorithms.

restores blurred images implying local patches. Author’s

proposed method a little section of test image (blurred image) Jian-Jiun Ding et.al in 2014[2]proposed a Pyramid-Based

is used for PSF (Point spread function) calculation Richardson-Lucy Algorithm.In image deburring, it is

(estimation). Author’s experiment results presents that the important to reconstruct images with small error, high

proposed method generates accurate de-blurred images, and perception quality, and less computational time. In this paper,

processing time is significantly lower than that of the a blurred image reconstruction algorithm, which is a

conventional de-blurring method. combination of the Richardson-Lucy (RL) deconvolution

approach and a pyramid structure, is proposed. The RL

approach has good performance in image reconstruction.

However, it requires an iterative process, which costs a lot of

computation time, and the reconstructed image may suffer

from a ringing effect. In the proposed algorithm, we

decompose a blurred image from a coarse scale to a fine scale

and progressively utilize the RL approach with different

number of iterations for each scale. Since the number of

iterations is smaller for the large scale part, the computation

time can be reduced and the ringing effect caused from details

can be avoided. Simulation results show that our proposed

algorithm requires less computation time and has good

Figure 1 : Block Diagram of Restoration through Local Patched

performance in blurred image reconstruction.

186

IJRITCC | June 2018, Available @ http://www.ijritcc.org

_______________________________________________________________________________________

International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication ISSN: 2321-8169

Volume: 6 Issue: 6 184 - 188

______________________________________________________________________________________

Year Proposed Title and Author Methodology Conclusion

Result based on the Wavelet

O. Rockinger, " Image sequence fusion image Fusion with Wiener

Wiener filter and Blind

Oct. 1997 using a shift-invariant wavelet transform”, filter provided the better

Deconvolution

IEEE, 26-29 Oct. 1997[5] results that iterative Blind

Deconvolution

Winer filter with Image

I.W. Selesnick, “The design of Wiener Filter, Blind

Fusion with better acceptable

May 2002 approximate Hilbert transform pairs of Deconvolution algorithm and

restoration results Image

wavelet bases”, IEEE, 2016[9] Wavelet Transform

Restoration

K.Jaya Priya, Dr. R.S. Rajesh, “Dual Tree Better Restoration based on

Complex Wavelet Transform based Face Wiener Filter, Lucy-Richardson neural network with

July 2016 Recognition with Single View”, deconvolution algorithm & PSNR=30.1135 as compare to

Ubiquitous Computing communication Neural Network approach Lucy-Richardson, Inverse

Journal, July 2016[10] filter and Wiener filter

Wiener filter, Regularized

filter is the best techniques

Paul Hill, Nishan Canagarajah and Dave Wiener Filter, Lucy-Richardson when no noise in image. If

Feb. 2015 Bull, “Image Fusion Using Complex algorithm, Regularized filter & noise is presented with blur

Wavelets”, BMVS, pp. 487-496, 2015[6] Blind deconvolution algorithm the Lucy-Richardson

Algorithm is the best

techniques

It integrates complementary

R.J. Sapkal, S.M. Kulkarni, “Image

information to give a better

Oct. 2012 Fusion based on Wavelet Transform for Wavelet Transform

visual picture of a scenario

Medical Application”[11]

suitable for processing

Input

V. PROPOSED CONCEPT Image

Initial PSF

and applying the inverse process in order to recover the

original image. There will be present several kind of

degradation that need to be consider to restore degraded Blur the

image. Such kind of degrading are blurring, noise and color Image

PSF (Point Spread Function) parameters from blurred and

Deco nvolution Deco nvolution

noisy images and presents relative analysis of different using Lucy using Different

restoration techniques. Methodology used will maintain the Richardson Filter

requiredinformation from both images

Image Fusion

using Wavelet

Inverse DWT

Analysis

Calculation

Output image

187

IJRITCC | June 2018, Available @ http://www.ijritcc.org

_______________________________________________________________________________________

International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication ISSN: 2321-8169

Volume: 6 Issue: 6 184 - 188

______________________________________________________________________________________

Figure 2shows sequence of procedure to be taken. First a [8]. K. Panfilova and S. Umnyashkin, "Linear blur

test subjected image is distorted and degraded in such ways compensation in digital images using Lucy-Richardson

that, I’ll look similar to actual distorted image by assuming method," IEEE, 2016.

initial PSF and, then applying blur to it using assumed PSF as [9]. I. W. SELESNICK, "The design of approximate Hilbert

criteria. Then the blur simulated image will get passed into transform pairs of wavelet bases," IEEE Transactions on

two different image restoration method, in our case RL- Signal Processing, vol. 50, pp. 1144-1152, 2002.

deconvolution and different filter (Wiener Filter, Blind [10]. P. Jaya and R. RENGAN SIVAGURUNATHAN, "Dual

Deconvolution and Regularized Filter). After the Tree Complex Wavelet Transform based Face Recognition

deconvolution process, resulted images then fused together by with Single View," Ubiquitous Computing communication

using Wavelet Fusion technique. For final end result, Inverse Journal, 2016.

DWT Analysis carried out to calculate SNR and MSE. [11]. R. Sapkal and S. Kulkarni, "Image Fusion based on

Wavelet Transform for Medical," International Journal of

Engineering Research and Applications, vol. 2, no. 5, pp.

VI. CONCLUSION

624-627, 2012.

Image restoration is an active research area and various

researchers work to get better the efficiency by applying

different method. Primarily image restoration is done by using

numerus restoration techniquesuch as Weiner filter,

Richardson-Lucy Blind Deconvolution algorithm, Inverse

filter. The proposed procedure focus to consider PSF as

constrain since image are distorted and degraded. Moreover,

it will improve the objectivity of the image and removes the

noise and blurry content in the image. This work is present a

relative study of different non-blind image restoration

procedure will support on Wiener filter,Regularized Filterand

Lucy-Richardson method. The performances of these

techniques will evaluated and compared.

REFERENCES

restoration of blurred images based on local patches," 2016

International Conference on Electronics, Information, and

Communications (ICEIC), 2016.

[2]. D. Jian-Jiun, C. Wei-De, C. Yu, F. Szu-Wei, C. Chir-Weei

and C. Chuan-Chung, "Image deblurring using a pyramid-

based Richardson-Lucy algorithm," 19th International

Conference on Digital Signal Processing, 2014.

[3]. Y. Li , "Image Restoration from a Single Blurred

Photograph," 3rd International Conference on Information

Science and Control Engineering (ICISCE), 2016.

[4]. H. Liu, J. Gu, M. Q. -H. Meng and W.-S. Lu, "Fast

Weighted Total Variation Regularization Algorithm for

Blur Identification and Image Restoration," IEEE Access,

2016.

[5]. O. Rockinger, "Image sequence fusion using a shift-

invariant wavelet transform," Proceedings of International

Conference on Image Processing, Santa Barbara, vol. 3, pp.

288-291, 1997.

[6]. P. hill, N. Canagarajah and d. Bull, "Image Fusion Using

Complex Wavelets," BMVS, pp. 487-496, 2015.

[7]. S. Eddins, "Image deblurring using regularization," 21 july

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http://blogs.mathworks.com/steve/2008/07/21/image-

deblurring-using-regularization/.

188

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_______________________________________________________________________________________

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