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Material Safety Data Sheet


IDENTITY (As Used on Label and List):

OZONE (Gaseous)
Section I - General
Description: Occurs in the atmosphere from UV light action on oxygen at high altitudes where it acts as an
atmospheric shield against UV light penetration. Derived by passage of air or oxygen between electrodes
across which is maintained an alternating high voltage potential, or by heating silver difluoride in a dilute
aqueous acid. It may also be found as a by-product in welding areas, in corona discharges by ultraviolet
radiation and around high voltage equipment. Ozone's primary use is as an oxidizing agent. Also used as a
disinfectant for air and water, in bleaching textiles, paper pulp, waxes, starch, and sugar. It is used in organic
synthesis, processing certain perfumes, vanillin and camphor, peroxide production, rapid drying of varnish and
printing inks. It is also used for mold and bacteria control in cold storage rooms, and refining mineral oils and
their derivatives. Considered for deodorizing and disinfecting certain premises and purifying air. It is present in
air at up to about 0.05 ppm at sea level (variable).

Cautions: A powerful oxidizing agent, ozone generally exists as a gas and is highly chemically reactive.
Inhalation produces various degrees of respiratory effects from irritation to pulmonary edema (fluid in lungs) as
well as affecting the eyes, blood, and central nervous system. Ozone can exist as a liquid and will cause
severe burns when in contact with skin or mucous membranes.

Manufacturer: Onsite Generation Emergency Telephone Number: 201-676-2525


Ozonia North America Telephone Number for Information: 201-676-2525
600 Willow Tree Road
Leonia NJ, 07605 Last Revision: 08/11/2011

Section II - Ingredients/Occupational Exposure Limits


Hazardous Components (Specific Chemical Identity; Common Name(s)) OSHA ACGIH TLV Other Limits
Recommended %(optional)

Other Designations: CAS No. 10028-15-6, triatomic oxygen

1991 OSHA PELs 1991-1992 ACGIH TLVSee attached ANSI/ASTM 591 E -


3 3
8-hr TWA: 0.1 ppm vol. (0.2mg/m ) Ceiling: 0.1 ppm (0.2 mg/m ) "Safety and Health Requirements
We reserve all rights in this document and in the information con-
tained in therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties

3
15-min STEL :0.3 ppm vol. (0.6mg/m ) to Occupational Exposure to Ozone"
for additional information

1990 IDLH 1990 DFG (Germany) MAK 1990 NIOSH REL


3 3
10 ppm TWA:0.1 ppm (0.2mg/m ) Ceiling: 0.1 ppm vol. (0.2mg/m )
without express authority is strictly forbidden.

Category 1: Local Irritant


Peak Exposure Limit: 0.2ppm
Copyright  Ozonia North America.

5 min momentary value, 8 per shift

Section III – Physical/Chemical Characteristics


Boiling Point: -169 F (-111 C) Molecular Weight: 48
Vapor Pressure: >1 ATM Density: 2.144 g/L (gas) @ 32 F (0 C)
Vapor Density (AIR =1): 1.6555 Odor Threshold: 0.0076 to 0.25 ppm
Melting Point: -315 F (-193 C) Solubility in Water: 0.49 mL @ 32 F (0 C),
3 ppm @ 20 C

Appearance and Odor: Colorless to blue gas (greater than 169 F) with a pungent odor
above 0.01 ppm and disagreeable above 1-2 ppm. Olfactory
fatigue develops rapidly.

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DW G No. REV:
APPROVED: OZONIA NORTH AMERICA

MJH02.15.12 600 W illow Tree Road


Leonia, NJ 07605
A 14000-77-0012 C
.

Section IV – Fire and Explosion Hazard Data


Flash Point: Nonflammable
Extinguishing Media: Use extinguishing agents suitable for surrounding fire or large
amounts of water spray.
Special Fire Fighting Procedures: Wear a self contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) with
a full face-piece operated in pressure demand or positive pressure
mode. Discontinue production and if possible, without risk, remove
container from the fire area. Do not release runoff from fire control
methods to sewers or waterways.
Unusual Fire and Explosion Hazards: Decomposition of ozone into oxygen can increase
strength of fire.

Section V – Reactivity Data


Ozone is unstable at normal temperatures and readily decomposes to diatomic oxygen. Ozone can accelerate
the decomposition of rubber.

Description: Ozone is an oxidizing agent for both organic and inorganic materials; it is a stronger oxidizer
than O2, but weaker than fluorine. Some of its reaction products, such as ozonides formed
from unsaturated hydrocarbons, can be highly explosive.

Conditions to Avoid: Keep away from heat, flame, organics, strong reducing agents and combustible
materials, such as grease and oil.

Incompatibility (Materials to Avoid): Acetylene, Alkyl Metals, Benzene, Aruline, Bromine, Charcoal +
Potassium Iodide + Friction, Carbon, Isopropylidene compounds, Dicyanogen, Disthyl Ether,
1-2-3 Dichloro-2-Butane; 1,1-difluoroethylene; Hydrogen bromide, 2-Methyl-1, 3-Butadiene;
Nitrogen, Nitrogen Oxide, Nitrogen Trichloride, Fluourothylene, Liquid Hydrogen (with solid O3),
Ethylene (at -238 F/-150 C), (Carbon Monoxide, Ammonia, or Phosphine at 32 or -108 F/0 or –
8 C), Liquid Oxygen Difluoride + Gaseous Hydrogen, Silica gel, Stibine (at -130 F/-90C),
Tetrafluorohydrazine, and all other reducing materials, organic or inorganic. Ozone reacts with
non-saturated organic compounds to produce ozonides which are unstable and may
decompose with explosive violence.
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tained in therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties

Decomposition or Byproducts: Catalytic or Thermal oxidative decomposition of ozone accelerates


ecomposition to oxygen.

Section VI – Health Hazard Data


without express authority is strictly forbidden.

Route(s) of Entry: Inhalation? Yes Skin? (Liquid Ozone)?


Copyright  Ozonia North America.

Health Hazards (Acute and Chronic): Ozone's toxic effects are largely due to its strong oxidative ability.
Ozone has a radiomimeric structure (like ionizing radiation) and therefore has no true threshold
limit and no exposure, no matter how small, is 'theoretically' without effect. Since ozone is only
slightly water soluble, it does not solubilize in the mucous membranes along the respiratory
tract but rather passes straight to the smallest bronchioles and alveoli. Exercise increases
inhaled ozone's toxicity and olfactory fatigue can rapidly develop. Initial small exposures may
reduce cell sensitivity and/or increase mucous thickness producing an adaptation to low levels
of ozone. This is shown by the greater reaction of newly exposed individuals as compared with
those previously exposed to similar levels. Industrial exposures are most likely due to leakage
from ozone using processes and from exposure to high voltage electrical equipment and
electrical welding. Acute damage from ozone appears to be mainly from its oxidizing effect on
contact with tissue, but it may have chronic effects on lung tumor acceleration (see attached for
further information).

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DW G No. REV:
APPROVED: OZONIA NORTH AMERICA

MJH02.15.12 600 W illow Tree Road


Leonia, NJ 07605
A 14000-77-0012 C
.
Carcinogenicity: No
Medical Conditions Generally Aggravated by Exposure: Respiratory Disorders
Target Organs: Blood, Respiratory and Central Nervous System
Emergency and First Aid Procedures: Remove from air containing ozone; get prompt
medical help; administer oxygen if necessary.
Eye contact: Do not allow victim to rub or keep eyes tightly shut. Gently lift
eyelids and flush immediately and continuously with flooding
amounts of water until transported to an emergency medical facility.
Consult a physician immediately.
Inhalation: Remove exposed person to fresh air, support breathing, get
medical help, and administer 100% humidified oxygen as needed.
Ingestion: Highly unlikely since ozone is a gas until -169 F
After first aid: get appropriate in-plant, paramedic, or community medical
support.
Note to Physicians: Detection of lactate dehydrogenase in the blood may
indicate increased lung permeability due to ozone damage.
Administration of 100% oxygen may be all that is needed to relieve
symptoms.
Signs and Symptoms of Exposure: Exposure above 0.1 ppm produces headaches as well
as irritation of the respiratory tract, but symptoms subside when exposure
stops. High concentrations and/or excessive duration of exposure above the
TLV can produce nausea, pain in chest, cough, dysphea, reduced visual
acuity, fatigue, and pulmonary edema. Inhalation of >20 ppm for an hour or
more (or 50 ppm for 1/2 hour) can be fatal. Symptoms of edema from
excessive exposure can be delayed one or more hours. Inhalation can cause
nose, throat and respiratory tract irritation; difficulty breathing, visual
disturbances, watering eyes, headaches, decreased pulse rate with a fall in
blood pressure, lack of coordination, chest pain, substernal soreness, and
fatigue. By analogy to animals, severe exposures cause hemorrhage,
pulmonary edema (fluid in lungs), and death. Skin contact with liquid ozone
can cause frostbite.

Section VII – Precautions for Safe Handling and Use


Steps to Be Taken in Case Material is Released or Spilled:
1) Discontinue Production
We reserve all rights in this document and in the information con-
tained in therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties

2) Properly isolate and vent area


3) Immediately notify personnel
4) Deny entry
5) Stay upwind
without express authority is strictly forbidden.

6) Follow applicable OSHA regulations


Waste Disposal Method: Consult Federal, State, and Local Regulations for acceptable
Copyright  Ozonia North America.

disposal methods. Contact a licensed contractor for detailed recommendations.


Precautions to Be Taken in Handling and Storage: Ensure proper training for personnel.
Establish evacuation plan prior to emergency condition. Where ozone is generated, or
used, explosion hazard and health hazards will exist and must be guarded against by
proper planning equipment, training, and work practices. Provide ventilation to dilute
and disperse small amounts of ozone into the atmosphere to below OSHA PELs.
Follow Federal, State, and Local regulations.
O t he r P r ec au t io n s: F o ll o w F e der a l, St a te , a nd Loc a l r e gu l at i o ns

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DW G No. REV:
APPROVED: OZONIA NORTH AMERICA

MJH02.15.12 600 W illow Tree Road


Leonia, NJ 07605
A 14000-77-0012 C
.
Section VIII – Control Measures
Respiratory Protection(Specify Type): Self Contained Breathing Apparatus; MICA/NIOSH approved.
Ventilation Local Exhaust: Yes Special
Mechanical (General): Yes Other
Protective Gloves: Plastic rather than rubber
Eye Protection: Wear protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles.
Other Protective Clothing or Equipment: N/A for gaseous ozone
Work/Hygienic Practices: Good, standard industry practices

Section IX – Special Precautions and Comments


Storage Requirements: Prevent physical damage to ozone containing equipment. If stored in containers
(generally as a liquid), store containers in refrigerated areas away from reducing agents and
flammable materials such as iron, copper, or chromium that may catalyze decomposition.
Suitably insulate all electrical equipment and electrically ground and bond all equipment used
in ozone manufacture, use, storage, transfer, and shipping.

Engineering Controls: To reduce potential health hazards, use sufficient dilution or local exhaust ventilation to
control airborne contaminants and to maintain concentrations at the lowest practical level.
Sources:
ANSI/ASTM E 591 - 77, "Standard Practice for Safety and Health Requirements Relating
to Occupational Exposure to Ozone"
MSDS collection, sheet #34: Ozone, Genium Publishing Company
We reserve all rights in this document and in the information con-
tained in therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties
without express authority is strictly forbidden.
Copyright  Ozonia North America.

CHECKED: TITLE: SHT:

B.S. 08.11.11 Ozonia’s Material Safety Data 4 of 4


DW G No. REV:
APPROVED: OZONIA NORTH AMERICA

MJH02.15.12 600 W illow Tree Road


Leonia, NJ 07605
A 14000-77-0012 C