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Seismic Loads for Liquid-Containing Rectangular RC Tank, According ACI 350.

3-06 , Appendix B Method


Based on 1997 Uniform Building Code
Project :- Project Designed by:- M. Abu Shady
Building :- Building Checked by:- M. Abu Shady
Element:- Element Date:- 02-Sep-18
Location:- Location

General Input :-
tr= 0.20 m

Seismic Force
Direction of
L= 16.00 m tw= 0.30 m HL= 37.00 m
γL= 10.0 KN/m3

B= 16.00 m
Rectangular Tank Plan Rectangular Tank Elevation

γc= 24.0 KN/m3


fc= 35.0 N/mm2 Ec= 27805.6 N/mm2 ACI318-08, Clause 8.5.1
g= 9.81 m/sec2

Importance factor I = 1.50 ACI 350.3-06, Table 4.1.1(a)


Rc = 1.00 ACI 350.3-06, Table 4.1.1(b)
Ri = 1.00 ACI 350.3-06, Table 4.1.1(b)
SEISMIC ZONE 2A
Z factor 0.15 UBC 97, TABLE 16-I
Soil Profile Soft Soil
Soil Profile Type SE UBC 97, TABLE 16-J
Na For Zone 4 only 1 UBC 97, TABLE 16-S
Nv For Zone 4 only 1 UBC 97, TABLE 16-T
Ca 0.300 UBC 97, TABLE 16-Q
Cv 0.500 UBC 97, TABLE 16-R
Ts =0.40Cv/Ca 0.667 sec UBC 97, FIGURE 16-3

1-Calculation the Equivalent Weight for impulsive Wi & convective Wc component:

WL = 94720.0 KN , L / HL = 0.43 ,Ww = 17838.7 KN ,Wr

= 0.96 WL = 90527.2 KN ACI 350.3-06, Eq 9-1 ,Ww perp

= 0.11 WL = 10813.4 KN ACI 350.3-06, Eq 9-2

2-Calculation the Height of center of gravity for impulsive hi & convective hc components:

Page 1 of 19
Seismic Loads for Liquid-Containing Rectangular RC Tank M.A.S ______
Seismic Loads for Liquid-Containing Rectangular RC Tank, According ACI 350.3-06 , Appendix B Method
Based on 1997 Uniform Building Code
Project :- Project Designed by:- M. Abu Shady
Building :- Building Checked by:- M. Abu Shady
Element:- Element Date:- 02-Sep-18
Location:- Location

= 17.000 m ACI 350.3-06, Eq 9-3 & Eq 9-4

= 31.943 m ACI 350.3-06, Eq 9-5

3-Calculation the fundamental period of oscillation of the tank for impulsive T i & convective Tc components:

= 109641.2 KN = 19.00 m = 38.10 m


, ,

= 17.33 m , = 36.1 KN/m ACI 350.3-06, R9.2.4

= 110.61 sec ACI 350.3-06, Eq 9-11

= 5.57 = 4.51 sec ACI 350.3-06, Eq 9-1

�_� = �𝚷/𝝎_� = ��√(𝑾_�/


= 2135.7 KN/m
〖𝒈𝒌〗 _� ) , ∴ 𝑲_�=
( 〖�𝚷 /�_� ) 〗 ^�∗𝑾_�/𝒈

Page 2 of 19
Seismic Loads for Liquid-Containing Rectangular RC Tank M.A.S ______
Seismic Loads for Liquid-Containing Rectangular RC Tank, According ACI 350.3-06 , Appendix B Method
Based on 1997 Uniform Building Code
Project :- Project Designed by:- M. Abu Shady
Building :- Building Checked by:- M. Abu Shady
Element�_� = �𝚷/𝝎_� = ��√(𝑾_�/ 02-Sep-18
Element:- Date:-
Location:-
〖𝒈𝒌〗
Location _� ) , ∴ 𝑲_�=
( 〖�𝚷 /�_� ) 〗 ^�∗𝑾_�/𝒈
4-Calculation the total lateral impulsive force Pi & convective force Pc :

= 0.005 ACI 350.3-06, Appendix B, Eq B-1,2,3

= 0.088 ACI 350.3-06, Appendix B, Eq B-4,5

= 60.5 KN = 8.6 KN ACI 350.3-06, Appendix B, Eq B-6,7

= 613.8 KN = 1432.9 KN ACI 350.3-06, Appendix B, Eq B-8,9

5-Calculation the total Base Shaer V:


= 1587.3 KN ACI 350.3-06, Appendix B & Eq 4-5
6-Dynamic force distribution above base per Wall perpendicular to ground motion:

Pi Top = 0.4 KN/m2

Pi Bottom = 0.6 KN/m2

Pc Top = 3.8 KN/m2 ACI 350.3-06, R5.3.1

Pc Bottom -= 1.4 KN/m2

= 0.0 KN/m2

= 0.0 KN/m2
= 0.4 KN/m2 = 3.8 KN/m2

= 0.6 KN/m2 -= 1.4 KN/m2


Wall Inertia Force Pw Impulsive Force Pi ConvectiveForce Pc Total Seismic
perpendicular
Dynamic force distribution above base per Wall perpendicular to ground motion

7- Load Cominations:

Page 3 of 19
Seismic Loads for Liquid-Containing Rectangular RC Tank M.A.S ______
Seismic Loads for Liquid-Containing Rectangular RC Tank, According ACI 350.3-06 , Appendix B Method
Based on 1997 Uniform Building Code
Project :- Project Designed by:- M. Abu Shady
Building :- Building Checked by:- M. Abu Shady
Element:- Element Date:- 02-Sep-18
Location:- Location
Note that, the Calculated Seismic Force E above is based on Strength-level Forces (ultimate loads).
For allowable stresses Design (ASD) Method (service loads), the design seismic forces shall be reduced by a factor of 1.4
ACI 350.3-06, Appendix B, Clause B.5
For Ultimate Strength Design method (factored loads), follow ACI 350-06, Clause 9.2.1 load combinations.

Page 4 of 19
Seismic Loads for Liquid-Containing Rectangular RC Tank M.A.S ______
According ACI 350.3-06 , Appendix B Method
Rev1.1

02-Sep-18
M.A.S.

Hw= 38.00 m

= 1275.3 KN

= 8919.4 KN

Page 5 of 19
Seismic Loads for Liquid-Containing Rectangular RC Tank M.A.S ______
According ACI 350.3-06 , Appendix B Method
Rev1.1

02-Sep-18
M.A.S.

ACI 350.3-06, Eq 9-3 & Eq 9-4

= 38.10 m

ACI 350.3-06, R9.2.4

ACI 350.3-06, Eq 9-13,14

= 2135.7 KN/m

Page 6 of 19
Seismic Loads for Liquid-Containing Rectangular RC Tank M.A.S ______
According ACI 350.3-06 , Appendix B Method
Rev1.1

02-Sep-18
M.A.S.

ACI 350.3-06, Appendix B, Eq B-6,7

ACI 350.3-06, Appendix B, Eq B-8,9

ACI 350.3-06, Appendix B & Eq 4-5

= 0.0 KN/m2
= 4.3 KN/m2

-= 0.7 KN/m2
Total Seismic Force E per Wall
perpendicular to ground motion
ove base per Wall perpendicular to ground motion

Page 7 of 19
Seismic Loads for Liquid-Containing Rectangular RC Tank M.A.S ______
According ACI 350.3-06 , Appendix B Method
Rev1.1

02-Sep-18
M.A.S.

, the design seismic forces shall be reduced by a factor of 1.4

ow ACI 350-06, Clause 9.2.1 load combinations.

Page 8 of 19
Seismic Loads for Liquid-Containing Rectangular RC Tank M.A.S ______
UBC 97 Tables

TABLE 16-I—SEISMIC ZON


Zone
1
2A
2B
3
4

Ct Values
0.0853
0.0731
0.0488

TABLE 16-J—SOIL PROFIL


Soil
Profile
Descriptio
n
Hard
Rock
Rock
Very
Dense
Stiff Soil
Soft Soil

Weak Soil
UBC 97 Tables

TABLE 16-I—SEISMIC ZONE FACTOR Z TABLE 16-Q—SEISMIC COEFFICIENT Ca


Z Z Seismic Zone Factor
SOIL PROFILE TYPE
0.075 0.075 0.15 0.2 0.3
0.15 SA 0.06 0.12 0.16 0.24
0.2 SB 0.08 0.15 0.2 0.3
0.3 SC 0.09 0.18 0.24 0.33
0.4 SD 0.12 0.22 0.28 0.36
SE 0.19 0.3 0.34 0.36
SF 0 0 0 0
(0.035 in ft)for steel moment-resisting frames
(0.030 in f and eccentrically braced frames TABLE 16-R—SEISMIC COEFFICIENT Cv
(0.020 in ft)for all other buildings Z Seismic Zone Factor
SOIL PROFILE TYPE
0.075 0.15 0.2 0.3
TABLE 16-J—SOIL PROFILE TYPES SA 0.06 0.12 0.16 0.24

SB 0.08 0.15 0.2 0.3


Soil Profile
Type
SC 0.13 0.25 0.32 0.45
SA
SB SD 0.18 0.32 0.4 0.54
SE 0.26 0.5 0.64 0.84
SC
SD SF 0 0 0 0
SE

SF
Factor use External calculated for K
0.4 use ACI 350.3-06, R9.2.4 expression for K
0.32
0.4
0.4
0.44
0.36
0

Factor
0.4
0.32

0.4

0.56
0.64
0.96

0
Rev0

Rev1.0 4-Nov-14
1- adding calculation for Kc, which can be used for dynamic analysis in Cell H46
2- Correction of Ww Calculation in cell G35 according "Mr. Siwalak Khamnurak" Note, missing multiplying by the w
Rev1.1 9-Nov-14
1- Calculation of Ww perp in cell I36 which will be used in calculating Pw in cell G35 instead of total Ww
according Javeed A. Munshi example 1, page 37 "see references sheet, item 2 for book details"
many Thanks for "Mr. Ahmed Daif" notification, which is the purpose of this modification.
missing multiplying by the wall thk tw

ead of total Ww
References
1-ACI 350.3_06 Seismic Design of Liquid-Containing Concrete Structures and Commentary
2-Design of liquid containing concrete structures for earthquake forcesby Javeed A. Munshi-2002-089312219X_EB219
3- Tank Wall Stiffness Calculation K :
a- using ACI 350.3-06, R9.2.4 which developed For fixed-base, free-top cantilever walls, such as in open-top tanks
- on my opinion- the same expression can be used for fixed wall in tank base and hinged at roof slab, as below pictur
b- using analysis model with assuming Lateral Force F= 10 KN (e.g) at C.G of tank to obtain a deflection Δ, thus tank stiffne
for more information see Guidelines for Seismic Design of Liquid Storage Tanks, Example 1/Page 59 which you can dow
SP-2002 IBC2000 ACI 350.3R-01

http://www.iitk.ac.in/nicee/IITK-GSDMA/EQ08.pdf
for more useful pdf (IITK-GSDMA Project on Review of Seismic Codes, & Preparation of Commentary and Handbooks)
http://www.nicee.org/IITK-GSDMA_Codes.php
mmentary and Handbooks)