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Design of Moment resisting

Steel frame with Shear Wall

Anshul Gupta – 17MST0011


Narasimhakishan P – 17MST0014
Ashrita Kulkarni – 17MST0018
Introduction
 Moment-resisting frame is a rectilinear assemblage of
beams and columns, with the beams rigidly connected to
the columns.
 Resistance to lateral forces is provided primarily by rigid
frame action – that is, by the development of bending
moment and shear force in the frame members and joints.
 By virtue of the rigid beam–column connections, a moment
frame cannot displace laterally without bending the beams
or columns depending on the geometry of the connection.
The bending rigidity and strength of the frame members is
therefore the primary source of lateral stiffness and strength
for the entire frame.
 A shear wall is a structural system composed of shear
panels to counter the effects of lateral loads acting on a
structure.
Literature Review
TITLE AUTHOR NAME OF THE REMARKS
JOURNAL

Comparative studies NajifIsm ail AEI 2008: Building • Base Shear is


of IMRF and SMRF . Integration Solutions reduced by 35% in
SMRF as compared to
IMRF, it is due to the
increased R value
which is the measure
of ductility and over
strength.
• By using Special
Moment Resisting
frames the design of
footings is
economized by 20%
as compared to
Intermediate Moment
Resisting Frames.
TITLE AUTHOR NAME OF THE REMARKS
JOURNAL

A comparative G.V.S.SivaPrasad, S. International Journal • The study gives a


study of OMRF& Adiseshu of Research in comparison of the
SMRF structural Engineering and OMRF & SMRF
system for tall & high Technology –Sept structure system under
rise buildings 2013 seismic load. SMRF
subjected to seismic gives a more safety to
load. designers to design the
structure and it is little
bit cost effective to the
builders who construct
the tall and high rise
buildings
TITLE AUTHOR NAME OF THE REMARKS
JOURNAL

Pushover analysis for Y.Fahjan, B.Doran, 15 WCEE –LISBOA • The pushover


Performance based- B.Akbas, J.Kubin 2012 analysis based on
seismic design of FEMA 356 model and
Rc frames with shear fiber model produced
walls identical top
displacement-base
shear curves for the
sample frames.
• FEMA 356 model
with 2 plastic hinges
overestimates the
capacity of the
structure.
• Shear walls can
be modeled using mid-
pier frame with plastic
hinges defined using
FEMA 356
recommendation for
short time modeling.
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JOURNAL

Seismic Response Wai Mie Kyaw International Journal •Conducted considering


Prediction Of Steel Zaw Minn Htun of Engineering post-elastic behaviour.
Frame Building Research & •Computer aided
Technology (IJERT) analysis of 18 storied
Vol. 2 Issue 5, May - steel frame building is
2013 carried out for
ISSN: 2278-0181 static and dynamic
approach by
using ETABS.
•Base shear and
displacement for
response spectrum
analysis with different
case for X and Y
directions are
compared.
•Base shear in X-
direction
is 1.2 times greater than
Y-direction.
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JOURNAL

Studies on Behaviour Md. Irshad Ali, International Journal • To study the effect
of Wall-Frame Vishwanath B. Patil of Innovate and of seismic loading on
Structure Subjected to Research - Volume 2, placement of shear wall
Lateral Load November 2013. in medium rise
building at different
alternative location.
• Provision of infill
wall and shear wall
enhances the
performance in terms of
storey displacement and
drift control and
increase in lateral
stiffness.
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JOURNAL

Comparison of J. Kubin , Y. M. 14th World • In modeling


practical approaches Fahjan, M. T. Tan Conference on shear walls with “shell
for modelling Earthquake elements”, the drilling
Shearwalls in Engineering – moment of the shear
structural analyses of October 2008, China walls and the bending
buildings moment of the in-plane
connected beams are
changed dramatically
with mesh density. For
finer meshes 10 times
reduction of the drilling
moment can be
estimated.
• Rigid arm with one
height story depth give
the most reasonable
results in comparison
with “shell
elements” models.
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JOURNAL

Seismic lateral force Swapnil B. Kharmale, Journal of • Pinned connections


distribution for Siddhartha Ghosh Earthquake and were used to connect
ductility-based design Tsunami – Volume 6, wall and beams.
of steel plate 2012 • Plan and elevation
Shear walls of the models given are
considered for present
study.
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JOURNAL

Seismic resistance C.W. Roeder American Society of • Study of connection


connection for mixed Civil Engineers between steel frame
construction and concrete wall.
• Steel frame –
Concrete wall system is
very use full in seismic
resistance design.
• Rigid wall frame
connections are
desirable as they
provide more stiffness
and less deflection.
• Using Embedded
steel column we can
provides both rigid and
pinned connection.
• Shear connectors
may use to gain more
tensile capacity.
TITLE AUTHOR NAME OF REMARKS
THE
JOURNAL
Effects of Fazal U Rahman International •G+10 storeys of model was
Providing Shear Mehrabi1, Research Journal done for OMRF , BMRF,
wall and Bracing to Dr.D.Ravi Prasad2 of Engineering WMRF.
Seismic and Technology •The nonlinear static analysis is
Performance of (IRJET) –FEB- performed using capacity
Concrete Building 2017 spectrum method along with
performance levels defined in
ATC-40 using SAP 2000
software version 18.
•Linear analysis could not give
useful information because if
gravity load of structure combine
with lateral load it has large
displacement.
•Building with shear wall and
bracing reduced the natural time
period of building and increased
the base shear.
TITLE AUTHOR NAME OF REMARKS
THE
JOURNAL
Seismic behaviors Sang Whan ELSEVIER To study the seismic behaviors of
of columns in Han∗, N.Y. Jee columns in OMRCF and IMRCF.
ordinary and Two three-story OMRCF and IMRCF
intermediate were designed according to the ACI
moment 318-02.
resisting concrete Assumed that the building
frames was located in seismic zone 1-UBC.
Analysis was done using SAP2000.
The strength of all OMRCF and
IMRCF column specimens exceeded
the strength calculated with the
code (ACI 318-02).
Thus, the OMRCF and IMRCF
columns had satisfactory strength
irrespective of the existence of the lap
splices.
TITLE AUTHOR NAME OF REMARKS
THE
JOURNAL
Seismic Evaluation D. G. Lignos, C. Structures •Summarizes a study that was
of Steel Moment Putman, F. Zareian, Congress 2011 © conducted in order to provide
Frames and Shear and H. Krawinkler ASCE 2011 guidance on the selection of
Walls Using nonlinear static procedures
Nonlinear Static (NSPs) for steel special
Analysis moment frame and reinforced
Procedures concrete shear wall structures.
•Structures of steel frames and
Reinforced shear walls of 2,4 & 8
storeys were considered.
•Displacement based beam
column elements was used to
model SW.
•Confined and unconfined was
modelled using OpenSees
C02.Pushover Curve- Eq SDOF
system.
•Displacement predicted –
IIIDAP program for P- 695 for
SDOF. Mapped to MDOF thro’
EDP predictions.
TITLE AUTHOR NAME OF REMARKS
THE
JOURNAL
Modelling of Shear Naveed Anwar, D. 14th ASEP Modeling and Analysis Goals:
Walls for Eng International •For static push-over analysis,
Nonlinear and Convention, overall strength should
Pushover Analysis Philippines, May be calculated correctly and the
of Tall Buildings 2009 stiffness along the curve should
be essentially accurate.
•Meaningful deformation
demand-capacity values
and usage ratios should be
calculated for assessing
Performance.
•Shear wall model using shell
element.
•Various approaches of nonlinear
modelling of shear walls to
predict their nonlinear response
by Pushover Analysis was
discussed.
TITLE AUTHOR NAME OF REMARKS
THE
JOURNAL
Nonlinear R. Martino’, E. Advanced •Details the steps in performing
Pushover Analysis Spacone and G. Technology in the Non Linear Static Procedure,
of RC Structures Kingsley Structural compares preliminary results of
Engineering- the NSP with a full non - linear
ASCE 2004 dynamic analysis, and
discusses a simplified procedure
to model shear deformations in
RC members.
•Moment resisting frames of 6,
12, 20 storeys were considered.
•Concluded that the nonlinear
pushover analysis appears to be
accurate for stiffer, RC
structures.
•Whereas for tall and flexible
structures non linear dynamic
analysis would be more
appropriate.
TITLE AUTHOR NAME OF REMARKS
THE
JOURNAL
Seismic R.Sowmya, International •A two bay 10 storeyed frame has
Performance M.Saravanan, Journal of been analyzed as per IS
Evaluation of Steel V.Marimuthu, Innovative 1893:2002 and designed as per IS
Moment Resisting M.Surendran, Research in 800:2007
Frames P.Prabha, Science, •The frame is assessed for its
G.S.Palani, Engineering and performance through pushover
N.Sakthieswaran Technology, May analysis by using SAP 2000.
2015 •Considered SMRF system for
the design and checked the base
shear using codal provisions.
•But concluded that relying
completely on the codal
provisions would not give
appropriate results.
TITLE AUTHOR NAME OF REMARKS
THE
JOURNAL
Nonlinear FE Model Z. W. Miao, X. Z. Computational •Three walls under static push-
for RC Shear Walls Lu, J. J. Jiang, L. P. methods in over load and cyclic load were
Based on Multi-layer Ye engineering and analyzed with the proposed
Shell science shear wall model for
Element and Epmesc X, Sanya, demonstration.
Microplane Hainan, China •Results show that the multi-
Constitutive Model ©2006 layer shell elements can
correctly simulate the coupled
in-plane/out-plane bending
failure for tall walls and the
coupled in-plane bending-shear
failure for short walls.
•Microplane concrete
constitutive law, the cycle
behavior and the damage
accumulation of shear wall can
be precisely modelled, which is
very important for the
performance-based design of
structures under disaster loads.
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JOURNAL

Nonlinear Static M. K. Rahman, M. 15 WCEE –LISBOA •3D nonlinear static


Pushover Analysis of Ajmal & M. H. 2012 analysis.
an Eight Story Baluch •Moment curvature and
RC Frame-Shear Wall Z. Celep P-M interactions of
Building in Saudi frame members were
Arabia obtained by cross
sectional fiber analysis
using XTRACT.
•Formation of hinges
clearly shows that the
members of the
building are designed
purely for gravity loads.
•The ductility ratio in
the +ve x-direction is
14% higher than the -ve
x-direction due to the
different arrangement
of shear walls.
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JOURNAL

Pushover analysis of Santosh shet, Technical research •Comparison between I


steel structure Dr.Akshatha shetty organisation India – section and circular
2017 hollow section is done.
•Concluded that
Circular hollow s/n is
preferred for
construction of tall steel
structure than ‘I’
section.
•Pushover loading
X direction - Target
displacement is less for
higher base shear
Y direction - Target
displacement is
more for small base
shear steel structure
when modelled with ‘I’
s/n whereas it remains
same in both directions
for hollow circular s/n
TITLE AUTHOR NAME OF THE REMARKS
JOURNAL

A Comparative Study Dr.Binu Sukumar, SSRG International In comparison with


on Non-Linear A.Hemamathi, Journal of Civil LLRS building,
Analysis of Frame S.Kokila, C.Hanish Engineering (SSRG- building with structural
with and without IJCE)- March-2016 walls can with stand
Structural Wall lateral loads
System. without much
deformation.
The monotonic
pushover curves for the
Shear wall modelled
using multi-layered
shell element and by
equivalent column
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JOURNAL

A Seismic Amit Kumar Yadav, International Journal SMRF with regular and
Comparison of OMRF Anubhav Rai for Research in irregular frame is better
& SMRF Applied Science & than OMRF with
Structural System for Engineering regular and irregular
Regular and Irregular Technology frame as it reduces
Buildings (IJRASET) various parameter like
bending moment, shear
force, displacement and
storey displacement.

SMRF is a moment
resisting frame
specially detailed to
provide ductile
behaviour due to with
size of
section and area of
reinforcement can be
reduced.
TITLE AUTHOR NAME OF THE REMARKS
JOURNAL

Theoretical Stress- J. B. Mander, M. J. N. American Society of •Reinforced concrete


Strain model Priestley and R. Park, Civil Engineers – members with axial
for Confined concrete 1988b compression forces
may be confined by
using transverse steel
to enhance the
member strength and
ductility.
•The ultimate concrete
compressive strain of
a section is strain at
which first hoop
fracture occurs, &
determined by tracing
the work done on the
confined concrete and
longitudinal steel
when deformed in
compression.
•Energy balance
approach.
TITLE AUTHOR NAME OF THE REMARKS
JOURNAL

Nonlinear static M. Ajmal , M.K. Seismic Engineering • Mander confined


pushover analysis Rahman , M.H. Research and unconfined
of a shear wall Baluch Infrastructures for concrete model.
building in madinah. European Synergies • Elasto‐plastic steel
– Feb 2012, model without
Istambul. hardening were used.
• The hinge status of
Shell Element and Mid
Pier method at
maximum displacement
provide almost the
same pattern.
• Mid Pier method
overestimate base shear
because of rigid beam
rigidity, so appropriate
rigidity must be
selected.
Objective
 To analyse and design a multi-storey dual
system building using non-linear static
method.
 Parametric study on the distribution of
load on a dual system.
Details of the Structure
Earthquake zone : V
Zone Factor : 0.36
Importance factor : 1.5
Response reduction factor : 5 (SMRF)
Slab thickness : 150 mm
Shear wall thickness : 350 mm
Live Load : 4 KN/sq. m
Storey height : 4m
No. of storeys = 10
Width of each bay = 5m
Characteristic strength of concrete = 30 N/sq.mm
Concrete M30 Grade
Stress strain curve for Fe 415
Reinforcement
MODEL

Model 1 Elevation
BASE SHEAR
Model Direction Seismic coefficient Response
method (kN) spectrum
method (kN)

Model 1 X 3117 3125


Y 3117 3130
LATERAL LOAD DISTRIBUTION

CASE SHEAR WALL FRAME

CASE 1 75% 25%

CASE 2 70% 30%


DESIGN OF BUILDING FOR
CASE 1

SHEAR WALL :

2 LAYERS OF MAIN REINFORCEMENT –


32 DIA BARS AT 100 mm C/C

STOREY BEAMS COLUMNS


1-4 ISMB 500 ISMB 600
5-8 ISMB 500 ISMB 500
9-10 ISMB 300 ISMB 350
DESIGN OF BUILDING FOR
CASE 2

SHEAR WALL :

2 LAYERS OF MAIN REINFORCEMENT –


32 DIA BARS AT 110 mm C/C

STOREY BEAMS COLUMNS


1-4 ISMB 600 ISLB 600
5-8 ISLB 550 ISLB 550
9-10 ISWB 600 ISWB 300
PUSHOVER ANALYSIS
CASE 1
PUSHOVER ANALYSIS
CASE 2
RESULTS OF
PERFORMANCE POINT

TARGET BASE SHEAR (kN)


DISPLACEMENT
(mm)
CASE 1 64.5 0 9631.9
CASE 2 101.54 5712.61
STOREY DRIFT

DISPLACEMENT DRIFT (%)


(mm)

CASE 1 28.40 0.071

CASE 2 41.34 0.100


Conclusions
 The performance of the model for Case 1 is
better than Case 2.
 As per the codal provisions the storey drift
for both the cases is below 0.4% of the
height of the structure.
 Therefore the lateral load distribution (75%,
25%) for shear walls and frames respectively
gives the better result.
References
 CDM Constructers Inc, Bagh PERRP, Pakistan AJK.,
“Comparative studies of IMRF and SMRF ” AEI 2008:
Building Integration Solutions.
 SivaPrasad, G.V.S., Adiseshu. S., “A comparative study
of OMRF& SMRF structural system for tall & high rise
buildings subjected to seismic load” International Journal of
Research in Engineering and Technology –Sept 2013.
 Mander, J. B., Priestley. M. J. N., and Park. R., “Theoretical
Stress-Strain model for Confined concrete” American
Society of Civil Engineers.
 Linlin Xie, Xiao Lu, Xinzheng Lu, Yuli Huang, Lieping Ye,
“Multi-Layer Shell Element for Shear Walls in OpenSees”
Computing in civil and building engineering ©ASCE 2014
 Miao. Z. W., Lu. X. Z., Jiang. J. J., Ye. L. P., “Nonlinear FE
Model for RC Shear Walls Based on Multi-layer Shell
Element and Microplane Constitutive Model”
Computational methods in engineering and science Epmesc
X, Sanya, Hainan, China ©2006