Anda di halaman 1dari 5

UNIVERSITI TENAGA NASIONAL

COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING
DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

MEMB221 - MECHANICS AND MATERIAL LAB

(GROUP FORMAL REPORT)


EXP. TITLE : EXP 2- TORSION TEST

SECTION : 4

GROUP NUMBER : 2

GROUP MEMBER:

1. HARIHARAN A/L CHANDRASEKARAN ME099385


2. HISYAMUDDIN BIN ISMAIL ME096458
3. THILAGESHWARAN A/L SUBRAMANIAM ME0100817
4. MUHAMMAD OMAR BIN ABDUL LATIP ME0101395

INSTRUCTOR : MADAM SITI ZUBAIDAH BTE OTHMAN

Performed Date Due Date* Submitted Date


5/7/2018 12/7/2018
Table of Content

CONTENT PAGE

Abstract 3

Objective 5

Theory 6

Experimental Apparatus 8

Procedure 12

Data and Observation 14

Analysis and Results 20

Discussion 22

Conclusion 25

References 26

Appendix 27
ABSTRACT

This experiment is on torsion test which is conducted by applying a rotational force on the
specimen which is aluminum and brass. There are two ways torsion test can be performed
which is by applying only rotational force or by both axial and rotational force. Different
product or specimen undergoes different types of torsion test. The types of other torsion tests
are:

 Torsion Only: Only torsional force is applied onto the specimen.


 Axial-Torsion: Both axial (tension or compression) and torsional forces is applied
to the test specimen.
 Failure Testing: Twisting the specimen until fracture. Fracture can be classified
either a physical break or a kink/defect in the specimen.
 Proof Testing: Torsional load is applied and holding this torque load for a fixed
amount of time.
 Operational Testing: Testing a complete product such as bottle caps, switches, dial
pens, or steering columns to verify whether the product meet the expected
performance.

This device offers a broad scope of testing the metallic bars under torsion force. The
objective of this experiment was to give the students a chance to encounter the utilization of
torsion mechanical assembly to initiated stress on test specimen until the rod distorted. From
the deliberate test torque input angle, student can learn about the properties of material that is
use as a part of this torsion test. The physical properties of aluminum and brass were
concentrated on all through this test. From the applied torsion force on the circular bars of brass
and aluminum, the modulus G of each specimen can be measured from the torque value shown
at the digital amplifier and the twist angle. In every test torque and input angle were measured.
The twist angle of the specimen can be calculated by dividing the rotation at the input over a
reduction ratio of 62. The effective torque was recorded with the guide of a reference rod
outfitted with strain gages.
The first part of the experiment is just calibrating the setup of apparatus and equipment.
Next, the second part of the experiment is performing the test by twisting the specimen which
is aluminum and brass rod. The force applied to the specimen will produce shear stress which
is proportional to the load torque. Shear stress can be detected by using strain gauges. Besides
that, from this experiment, the data that is collected are the number of revolution, the torque,
angle of rotation and the output angle. All the data is recorded in the table and from the
information and data recorded graphs are obtained.

At the end of the experiment, it can be clearly seen that brass produce higher
torque when twisted to some degrees compared to aluminum. Hence, aluminum is easier to
twist rather than brass and by means brass is more rigid than aluminum. When the material is
still working under its elastic limit, the modulus of rigidity can still be determined.

OBJECTIVE

 To decide the modulus or shear (G) through measurement of the applied torque and
angle of wind.
 To understand the rule of torsion test.
 To understand the characteristic of torsion impacts of the given material as test
specimen that is brass and aluminium.
 To deal with our time viably and effectively so as to finish this project on time.

REFERENCES

1. Semester 2 2016/2017. Mechanics and Materials Laboratory Manual MEMB311. College


Of Engineering. Uniten, pp 14-19.
2. F.P. Beer, E.R. Johnston, J.T. DeWolf & D.F. Mazurek. 2015. Mechanics of Materials. 7th
Ed (SI Units). McGraw Hill, pp 142-153.