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FINAL EXAMINATION IN POLITICAL LAW MCQ

MULTIPLE CHOICE: DO NOT WRITE ANYTHING ON THE TESTPAPER. On your booklet


write the letter of your answer.

_________1.A proposal to revise the constitution can be done by Congress upon a vote of (a)
¾ of all its members (b) ¾ of Senate (c) ¾ of the House of Representatives (d) people’s
initiative.
_________2.A proposal to amend the constitution can also be done by (a) ¾ vote of congress
voting separately (b) a constitutional convention (c) people’s initiative of at least 15% of the
registered voters (d) all of the above (e) none of the above.
_________3.Any amendment or revision of the constitution must be ratified by (a) the people
(b)majority of the votes cast in a referendum (c) majority of the votes cast in a plebiscite (d)
2/3 votes of Congress (e) none of the above
__________4.Before a justice of the Supreme Court can be charged in Court for a criminal
offense, (a) he must first be disbarred (b) he must be impeached by Congress (c) he must be
first investigated by the Ombudsman (d) none of the above (e) all of the above
__________5. Public officers and employees must, at all times, be (a) accountable to the
people, (b) serve them with utmost responsibility, integrity, loyalty, and efficiency (c) act with
patriotism and justice, (d) lead modest lives (e) all of the above.
`¬________6. Which of the following is not an impeachable official? (a) associate justice of the
Supreme Court (b) Ombudsman for Mindanao (c) Vice-President of the Philippines (d) Comelec
Commissioner (e) none of the above.
_______7.Which of the following is not a constitutional commission? (a) Civil Service
Commission (b) Commission on Election (c) Commission on Audit (d) Commission on Human
Rights (e) all of the above.
_______8.Which of the commissioners must posses that “proven capacity for capacity for public
administration (a) CSC (b) COA (c) Comelec (d) CHR (e) Ombudsman
_______9. Appointments in the civil service shall be made only by competitive examination
except to positions which are (a) policy-determining (b) primarily confidential (c) highly technical
(d) none of the above (e) all of the above.
_______10. Which of the following is not considered as double compensation ? (a) per diem (b)
incentive (c) gratuity (d) allowances (e) all of the above
_______11. Which of the following is exempted from nepotism (a) confidential employee (b)
teachers (c) physicians (d) navy (e) all of the above
_______12. A recently elected mayor promoted his wife as Municipal Health officer. She has
been in the service for 10 years even before her husband got elected as mayor. Which of the
following is true? (a) he can do it since it is not covered by nepotism (b) it is not prohibited by
law since it is a promotional appointment anyway (c)it cannot be legal since it is a nepotic
appointment (d) it is within the power of the mayor since he is the appointing authority (e) it can
be validated since the wife is qualified.
________13. Which of the following statements is false concerning the Ombudsman of the
Philippines? (a) he can be impeached (b) he is under the control of the Supreme
Court (c) investigate a justice of the supreme court (d) suspends a treasurer of the province (e)
dismisses a governor from office.
________14. It is required that majority of its membership should be lawyers (a) Comelec (b)
COA (c) CSC (d) Sandiganbayan (e) Ombudsman
________15.When the Comelec sits in en banc it is because (a) it has to promulgate a
decision (b) it makes its internal rules (c) it decides an election protest (d) it cites a person in
contempt (e) it enforces election laws
________16. Unless otherwise fixed by the Commission in special cases, the election period
shall commence (a) 90 (b) 120 (c) 45 (d) 30 (e) 160 days before the day of election.
_________17. What kind of party system shall be allowed in this country? (a) Open (b) free (c)
multipartisan (d) open and free (e) free choice of the people
_________18. On 27 June 1997, Quirino Congressman Junie Cua filed a complaint before the
Office of the Ombudsman against Governor Castillo-Co and Provincial Engineer Virgilio Ringor.
Congressman Cua alleged that in the course of its investigation in aid of legislation, the House
of Representative Committee on Good Government chaired by him uncovered irregularities in
the purchase of heavy equipment by the Governor and the Provincial Engineer. Congressman
Cua charged that the equipment purchased was "reconditioned" instead of "brand new" as
required by resolutions of the province's Sanggunian authorizing such purchase. In an Order 4
dated 4 July 1997, that is, a week after the complaint was filed, Governor Castillo-Co and
Provincial Engineer Ringor were placed under preventive suspension for a period of six (6)
months. Said order was signed by Emilio A. Gonzales, III, Director, and approved by Jesus
Guerrero, Deputy Ombudsman for Luzon.
Which of the following is correct? (a) The deputy Ombudsman has no power to suspend Co (b)
It is only the Ombudsman of the Phil. Which has the power to suspend (c) the duration of the
suspension is excessive (d) The law does not require that only the Ombudsman himself may
sign the order suspension (e) she was denied due process because she was not afforded the
opportunity to controvert the evidence against her before the order of preventive suspension
was issued.
____________19. Which of the following is not a condition required to sustain the preventive
suspension of a government employee? (a) the evidence of guilt is strong (b) the charge
involves grave misconduct (c) the charge warrant the payment of a fine (d) the continued stay in
office may prejudice the case (e) all of the above.
____________20. On January 27, 1999, an Information was filed with the Sandiganbayan
charging petitioner Ricardo S. Inding, a member of the Sangguniang Panlungsod of Dapitan
City, with violation of Section 3(e) of Republic Act No. 3019.The case was docketed as Criminal
Case No. 25116 and raffled to the Second Division of the Sandiganbayan.On June 2, 1999, the
petitioner filed an Omnibus Motion for the dismissal of the case for lack of jurisdiction over the
officers charged or, in the alternative, for the referral of the case either to the Regional Trial
Court or the Municipal Trial Court for appropriate proceedings. The petitioner alleged therein
that under Administrative Order No. 270 which prescribes the Rules and Regulations
Implementing the Local Government Code of 1991, he is a member of the Sangguniang
Panlungsod of Dapitan City with Salary Grade (SG) 25.
Which of the following statements is CORRECT ? (a) the Sandiganbayan does not have
jurisdiction since his salary grade is only 25 (b) the jurisdiction of the Sandiganbayan as a trial
court was made to depend not on the penalty imposed by law on the crimes and offenses within
its jurisdiction but on the rank and salary grade of accused government officials and employees
(c) The Sandiganbayan has no jurisdiction since he is just a lowly city councilor and not a mayor
(d) The Sandiganbayan (e) members of the sangguniang panlungsod are specifically
included as among those falling within the exclusive original jurisdiction of the
Sandiganbayan.
______________21. Gloria G. Lastimosa is First Assistant Provincial Prosecutor of Cebu.
Because she and the Provincial Prosecutor refused, or at any rate failed, to file a criminal
charge against a municipal mayor as ordered by the Ombudsman, an administrative complaint
for grave misconduct, insubordination, gross neglect of duty and maliciously refraining from
prosecuting crime was filed against her and the Provincial Prosecutor and a charge for indirect
contempt was brought against them, both in the Office of the Ombudsman.
Which of the following is Not true? (a) the Ombudsman cannot suspend her as she is under the
Secretary of Justice (b) she cannot be compelled to file a criminal case since she is convinced
that there is no probable cause (c) she can be placed under preventive suspension by the
Ombudsman (d) Office of the Ombudsman has no jurisdiction over the case against the mayor
because the crime involved (rape) was not committed in relation to a public office. For this
reason it is argued that the Office of the Ombudsman has no authority to place her and
Provincial Prosecutor Kintanar under preventive suspension for refusing to follow his orders and
to cite them for indirect contempt for such refusal (e) The Prosecutor can be designated or
deputized to assist the Ombudsman and shall then be under his supervision and control.
_____________22. Which of the following statements is correct concerning impeachment
proceedings? (a) That a fiscal or other prosecuting officer should forthwith and motu proprio
dismiss any charges brought against an impeachable official (b) The remedy of a person with a
legitimate grievance against the President is to file impeachment proceedings (c) A Member of
the Supreme Court must first be removed from office via the constitutional route of
impeachment (d) Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend further than removal from
office and disqualification to hold any office under the Republic of the Philippines(e) all of the
above
_______________23. On November 18, 2002 an administrative complaint for Misconduct and
Neglect of Duty5 was filed by the employees of the Provincial Government of Tawi-Tawi against
respondent Laja, in his capacity as Provincial Treasurer, in connection with the non-remittance
of their contributions to the Government Service Insurance System (GSIS) for the years 1998 to
2001 which resulted in the denial of their loan applications. Thereafter, on November 29, 2002,
a similar administrative complaint6 for Dishonesty, Oppression and Violation of Republic Act
(R.A.) No. 6713, otherwise known as Code of Conduct and Ethical Standards for Public Officials
and Employees, was filed by former employees of the Provincial Government of Tawi-Tawi
against said respondent in connection with the non-remittance of their GSIS contributions which
resulted in the deduction of the corresponding amounts from their retirement benefits.These two
cases were subsequently consolidated and submitted for resolution.The Office of the
Ombudsman for Mindanao proceeded to hear both cases and in a Joint Decision dated April 15,
2004 dismissed him from service.
Which of the following statements is CORRECT? (a) respondent does not have a vested right to
hold public office and that decisions imposing administrative sanctions in administrative
disciplinary cases are ‘executory’ pending appeal (b) petitioner’s authority and jurisdiction to
order his dismissal is merely ‘recommendatory’ under the Constitution. (c) decisions of the
Office of the Ombudsman in administrative cases imposing the penalty of dismissal shall be
final and unappealable hence, immediately executory (d) The OMB has the power to directly
impose the penalty of removal, suspension, demotion, fine, censure, or prosecution of a
public officer or employee found to be at fault, (e) An appeal timely filed will not stay the
immediate implementation of the decision of dismissal
_____________24. The Office of the Ombudsman shall have disciplinary authority over all
elective and appointive officials of the Government and its subdivisions, instrumentalities and
agencies EXCEPT (a) members of the cabinet (b) head of government owned corporations (c)
justice of the court of appeals (d) members of Congress (e) Deputy Ombudsman
_____________25. In its Minute Resolution No. 96-3076 of 29 October 1996, the Commission
on Elections (COMELEC) resolved to file an information for violation of Section 261(i) of the
Omnibus Election Code against private respondents Diosdada Amor, a public school principal,
and Esbel Chua and Ruben Magluyoan, both public school teachers, for having engaged in
partisan political activities.The penalty for said offenses is less than six years.
Which of the following is true? (a) the cases shall be filed before the Comelec Manila since they
are election related offenses (b) it should be filed before the Regional Trial Court of said
province (c) it should be filed before the Municipal Trial Court (d) it is only the COMELEC en
banc which has jurisdiction (e) it should be first filed before the Prosecutors office for preliminary
investigation

____________26. Mr. x and y are candidates for a Barangay captain position. Mr. X won by a
margin of 3 votes only. Mr. Y comes to you for advice. Which advice is correct? (a) He can file
an election protest before the Regional Trial Court on the ground of electoral fraud (b) he can
filed the protest only before the Municipal Trial Court (c) the protest can also be filed before the
Comelec itself (d) any of his loyal supporter can file an election protest against Mr. x (e) his wife
can also file an election protest proceeding questioning the citizenship of Mr x.
___________27. This petition originated from a case filed by private respondent on March 21,
2001 for the disqualification of petitioner Nestor Magno as mayoralty candidate of San Isidro,
Nueva Ecija during the May 14, 2001 elections on the ground that petitioner was previously
convicted by the Sandiganbayan of four counts of direct bribery penalized under Article 210 of
the Revised Penal Code. It appears that on July 25, 1995, petitioner was sentenced to suffer the
indeterminate penalty of 3 months and 11 days of arresto mayor as minimum to 1 year 8
months and 21 days of prision correccional as maximum, for each of the four counts of direct
bribery. Thereafter, petitioner applied for probation and was discharged on March 5, 1998 upon
order of the Regional Trial Court of Gapan, Nueva Ecija.
Which of the following statement is legally correct? (a) the (COMELEC) correctly disqualified
him from running for the position of mayor (b) Petitioner argues that direct bribery is not a crime
involving moral turpitude (c) Petitioner already served his sentence as of March 5, 1998
when he was discharged from probation. Such being the case, the two-year
disqualification period imposed by Section 40 of the Local Government Code expired on
March 5, 2000. Thus, petitioner was qualified to run in the 2001 elections. (d) There
appears to be a glaring incompatibility between the five-year disqualification period provided in
Section 12 of the Omnibus Election Code and the two-year disqualification period in Section 40
of the Local Government Code.(e) The intent of the legislature to reduce the disqualification
period of candidates for local positions from five to two years is not evident.
___________28.Which of the following statements about the CSC is NOT correct? (a) Civil
Service Commission has no power of appointment except over its own personnel. (b) Neither
does it have the authority to review the appointments made by other offices except only to
ascertain if the appointee possesses the required qualifications.(c) The determination of who
among aspirants with the minimum statutory qualifications should be preferred belongs
to the CSC (d) Appointment is a highly discretionary act that even this Court cannot compel (e)
While the act of appointment may in proper cases be the subject of mandamus, the selection
itself of the appointee - taking into account the totality of his qualifications, including those
abstract qualities that define his personality - is the prerogative of the appointing authority.
____________29. Atty. Augusto Toledo was appointed by then Comelec Chairman Ramon
Felipe as Manager of the Education and Information Department of the Comelec, on May 21,
1986. At the time of his appointment, petitioner, having been born on July 8, 1927 was already
more than fifty-seven (57) years old. It was the first time petitioner joined the government
service as he was then engaged in active private practice prior to said appointment.
Which of the following is correct? (a) his appointment is valid since he is a lawyer (b) he is not
qualified since CSC regulation particulary Section 5, Rule VI of those Revised Civil Service
Rules provided that:" No person shall be appointed or reinstated in the service if he is already
57 years old (c) his appointment is valid since the CSC regulation is unconstitutional (d)
the appointment then of Atty. Toledo was made in violation of law and pursuant to Section 7,
Rule III of the Civil Service Rules on Personnel Action, the appointment was void from the
beginning (e) his appointment must be valid as age does not really matter.
__________30. An auditing team from the COA Regional Office No. VIII in Candahug, Palo,
Leyte, audited the accounts of the Catbalogan Water District (“CWD”) in Catbalogan, Samar.
The auditing team discovered that between May to December 1997 and April to June 1998,
members of CWD’s interim Board of Directors (“Board”) granted themselves the following
benefits: Representation and Transportation Allowance (“RATA”), Rice Allowance, Productivity
Incentive Bonus, Anniversary Bonus, Year-End Bonus and cash gifts. These allowances and
bonuses were authorized under Resolution No. 313, series of 1995, of the Local Water Utilities
Administration (“LWUA”).
Which of the following is correct? (a) The allowances are valid because the CWD is not a
government owned corporation(b) the COA usurped the functions of the LWUA in construing PD
198 and disallowing payment of the additional allowances and bonuses(c) The allowances and
bonuses are illegal on the ground that they run counter to Section 13 of Presidential
Decree No. 198 (d) The allowances which are illegally received must be returned (e) it is
the Department of Budget and Management (“DBM”), not the COA, that has the power to
administer the compensation and classification system of the government service and to revise
it as necessary.
_________31. Which of the following does not enjoy fiscal autonomy? (a) COA (b) CSC (c)
CHR (d) SC (e) COMELEC
_________32.Which of the following does NOT have jurisdiction over inclusion proceedings?
(a) MTC (b)MCTC (c) Metropolitan Trial Courts (d) Regional Trial Court(e) City Courts
_______`¬¬¬33.. Which of the following is not a ground for impeachment? (a) Violation of the
constitution (b) graft (c) bribery (c) treason (d) corruption (e) all of the above.

_________34.Which of the following is exempt from competitive examinations? (a) city legal
officer (b) highly technical position (c) primarily confidential (d) policy determining (e) all of the
above
__________35.Which has jurisdiction to the election contest concerning a Barangay kagawad?
(a) DILG (b) courts of limited jurisdiction (c) courts of general jurisdiction (d) COMELEC (e)
none of the above
__________36.Election cases shall be heard by (a) Comelec En banc (b) Comelec in
division (c) Electoral Tribunals (d) all of the above (e) none of the above.
__________37.Election contests decided by the Municipal Trial Courts shall be appealable to
the (a) Regional Trial Court (b) Comelec en banc (c) Comelec in a division (d) Supreme Court
on certiorari (e) Court of Appeals
__________38. Which vote in the House of Representatives is enough to constitute the Articles
of Impeachment? (a) majority (b) one-third (c) two-third (d) three-fourth (e) none of the above
__________39. A proposal to amend the Constitution by modifying Sections 1-7 of Article VI
(Legislative Department) and Sections 1-4 of Article VII (Executive Department) cannot be done
through (a) constituent assembly (b) constitutional convention (c) people’s initiative (d) ¾
vote of Congress (e) all of the above.
________40.Which of the following is NOT correct? (a) Congress or a constitutional convention
can propose both amendments and revisions to the Constitution (b) the initiative must be
“directly proposed by the people through initiative upon a petition (c) The Constitution entrusts
to the people the power to directly propose amendments to the Constitution (d) An initiative that
gathers signatures from the people without first showing to the people the full text of the
proposed amendments is most likely a deception (e)Article XVII of the Constitution speaks of
two modes of amending the Constitution.
________41.Which of the following is CORRECT? (a) The framers intended, and wrote, that
only Congress or a constitutional convention may propose revisions to the Constitution (b) The
framers intended, and wrote, that a people’s initiative may propose only amendments to the
Constitution (c) the people cannot propose revisions even as they are empowered to propose
amendments (d) a revision of the Constitution may be accomplished only through ratification by
the people of a revised constitution proposed by a convention called for that purpose (e) all of
the above
___________42. Which of the following is NOT correct? (a) Revision broadly implies a change
that alters a basic principle in the constitution (b) altering the principle of separation of powers or
the system of checks-and-balances is a form of revision (c) amendment generally affects only
the specific provision being amended (d) Revision generally affects several provisions of the
constitution (e) A shift from the present Bicameral-Presidential system to a Unicameral-
Parliamentary system is an amendment of the Constitution.
¬¬¬¬¬_________43.Which of the following is CORRECT? (A) It has been a settled rule that it is
mandatory for the Sandigabayan to place under preventive suspension a public officer accused
before it (B) The imposition of suspension is not automatic or self-operative since the accused is
given adequate opportunity to challenge the validity or regularity of the criminal proceedings
against him (C) once proper determination of the validity of the Information has been made, it
becomes the ministerial duty of the court to forthwith issue the order of preventive suspension
(D) after upholding the validity of the Informations against the accused the Sandiganbayan can
order their preventive suspension for a period of ninety (90) days (E) all of the above.
____________44. Respondents were employed at the Office of the Southern Cultural
Communities (OSCC), Davao del Sur, Provincial Office, Digos, Davao del Sur with salaries
below grade 27. They were charged with 11 counts of malversation through falsification, based
on alleged purchases of medicine and food assistance for cultural community members, and
one count of violation of R.A. No. 3019, §3(e), in connection with the purchases of supplies for
the OSCC without bidding/canvass. As none of the respondents has the “rank” required under
R.A. No. 8249 to be tried for the said crimes in the Sandiganbayan, the informations were filed
by the Ombudsman in the Regional Trial Court of Digos, Davao del Sur.
Which of the following is NOT correct? (a) the Ombudsman has no authority to prosecute
graft cases falling within the jurisdiction of regular courts (b) the Office of the Ombudsman
is authorized to investigate and prosecute all cases involving public officials and employees,
without distinction as to their rank and the nature of their act or omission (c) the Ombudsman
has powers to prosecute not only graft cases within the jurisdiction of the Sandiganbayan but
also those cognizable by the regular courts (d) The power to investigate and to prosecute
granted by law to the Ombudsman is plenary and unqualified (e) that the powers granted by the
legislature to the Ombudsman are very broad and encompass all kinds of malfeasance,
misfeasance and non-feasance committed by public officers and employees during their tenure
of office.
________45. Petitioner was proclaimed Mayor of Gloria, Oriental Mindoro during the May 8,
1995 elections.In the same elections, private respondent was proclaimed Vice-Mayor of the
same municipality.On May 19, 1995, petitioner’s rival candidate, the late Nicolas M. Jamilla,
filed an election protest before the Regional Trial Court of Pinamalayan, Oriental
Mindoro.During the pendency of said contest, Jamilla died.
Which of the following is not Correct? (a) the election protest is personal in nature hence the
death of the protestant extinguishes the case itself (b) An election contest involves not
merely conflicting private aspirations but is imbued with paramount public interests (c) the
petitioner’s cessation in office is not a ground for the dismissal of the contest nor detract the
Courts jurisdiction to decide the case (d) public policy demands that an election contest, duly
commenced, be not abated by the death of the petitioner (e) Vice Mayor elect has the status of
a real party in interest in the continuation of the proceedings and is entitled to intervene therein
__________46.Which of the following is correct? (a) impeachment proceedings are outside the
scope of judicial review (b) impeachment is a political action which cannot assume a judicial
character (c) the Senate’s “sole power to try” impeachment cases (1) entirely excludes the
application of judicial review over it (d) none of the above (e) all of the above
__________47.Which of the following is considered as a limitation on the power to impeach? (a)
the manner of filing (b) required vote to impeach (c) one year bar on the impeachment of one
and the same official. (d) none of the above (e) all of the above
__________48.Which of the following is considered as a limitation of the power of judicial
review? (a) an actual case or controversy calling for the exercise of judicial power; (b) the
person challenging the act must have a personal and substantial interest in the case such that
he has sustained, or will sustain, direct injury as a result of its enforcement; (c) the question of
constitutionality must be raised at the earliest possible opportunity; and (d) the issue of
constitutionality must be the very lis mota of the case (e) all of the above
___________49.Which of the following cannot be considered as a legal standing of a taxpayer?
(a) where there is a claim that public funds are illegally disbursed (b) that public money is being
deflected to any improper purpose (c) that there is a wastage of public funds through the
enforcement of an invalid or unconstitutional law (d) that he has sufficient interest in preventing
the illegal expenditure of money raised by taxation (e) that he has a general interest common
to all members of the public.
___________50.Which of the following DOES NOT describe A“political question:? (a) connotes,
in legal parlance, what it means in ordinary parlance, namely, a question of policy (b) it refers to
“those questions which, under the Constitution, are to be decided by the people in their
sovereign capacity (c) in regard to which full discretionary authority has been delegated to the
Legislature or executive branch of the Government (d) It is concerned with issues dependent
upon the wisdom, of a particular measure (e) it is concerned with the legality of the law
itself.