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ANALYTICAL

CHEMISTRY IV
Test 1-SECTION B
Date: 28 August 2017
ATOMIC SPECTROSCOPY: MODULE 2- Sect B

INSTRUCTIONAL PROGRAMME: B TECH: CHEMISTRY


INSTRUCTIONAL OFFERING: ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY IV
SUBJECT CODE/S: ACHM 422
DURATION: 2 HOURS (Section A+B+C)
TIME: 15H00 – 17H00 (Sections A+B+C)
TOTAL MARKS FOR THIS SECTION: 25
NUMBER OF PAGES: 3 (including periodic table)
EXAMINER/S: DR K RAMLUCKAN
VENUE: GYM B

INSTRUCTIONS/REQUIREMENTS

1. Answer all questions on answer sheet provided.


2. Calculators may be used but all working must be shown.
3. Omission of units during calculations will incur a mark penalty.
4. Please write neatly and clearly. Use pens with black or blue ink only.
Answers written in pencil will not be marked.
5. Avoid the use of correction fluid, instead, cross out the incorrect answer and
rewrite the correct answer.
7. Number all your questions correctly.
8. No part of this paper may be removed.
9. A Periodic Table is provided.

DO NOT TURN OVER THE PAGE UNTIL PERMISSION IS GIVEN

ACHM422-Test 1-2017/KR 1
QUESTIONS: Electrothermal atomization (ETA) [25]

1. State two advantages of an extended lifetime graphite tube (cuvette), ELC,


over a normal graphite tube. (2)

2. Briefly explain the significance of using an omega platform graphite tube for
analysis when using the electrothermal atomization technique (ETA) and
state why it has a slight advantage over the L’Vov platform. (5)

3. Study the diagram below, which is an example of the effect of emission


breakthrough on the baseline/blank signal for the element shown, and answer
the questions that follow.

3.1 State one cause of this during measurement using ETA. (1)

3.2 What can be done to correct this condition? (2)

4. State the purpose of the Atomize phase used in ETA briefly stating its
purpose, the range of temperature used, and duration recommended for
analysis. (3)

5. What method (Hint: named after a Dutch physicist) of background correction is


normally recommended during ETA. Briefly explain how this method works.
(4)

6. You are provided with a pure anhydrous Ca(NO3)2 salt, with assay = 99.0%.
Do the following calculations:

6.1 Calculate the exact mass (in g) of the salt required to prepare 500 mL
of a 100mg/L Ca standard solution. (Answer to 4 decimal places). (4)

6.2 If you made one dilution of a sample by pipetting 5ml of the standard in
a 20mL volumetric flask, calculate the dilution factor (NB: concentration
not required). (1)

6.3 If you made a subsequent dilution of the sample in 6.2 above by adding
5mL of the diluted standard in a 50 mL volumetric flask, calculate the
final dilution factor and concentration of the sample made. (3)

END

ACHM422-Test 1-2017/KR 2
PERIODIC TABLE OF THE ELEMENTS

ACHM422-Test 1-2017/KR 3