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ANALISIS PENGARUH KEMIRINGAN JALAN DAN JARAK ANGKUT TERHADAP FUEL RATIO PADA

KEGIATAN PENGUPASAN OVERBURDEN DI PIT GAHARU-KAPUR, SAMBARATA MINE OPERATION, PT.


BERAU COAL
THE ANALYSIS OF THE INFLUENCE OF GRADE AND HAULING DISTANCE TOWARDS FUEL RATIO OF
OVERBURDEN REMOVAL ACTIVITY IN PIT GAHARU-KAPUR, SAMBARATA MINE OPERATION, PT.
BERAU COAL

Undergraduate Theses from JBPTITBPP / 2017-09-27 10:39:05


Oleh : SAMUEL KURNIANTO (NIM : 12106008); Dosen Pembimbing : Dr. Ir. Budi
Sulistianto, MT., S1 - Department of Mining Engineering
Dibuat : 2010, dengan 8 file

Keyword : Fuel ratio,


Fuel ratio merupakan suatu perbandingan yang menyatakan jumlah konsumsi bahan bakar
yang diperlukan untuk mendapatkan satu bcm material lapisan batuan penutup
(overburden). Berdasarkan Performance Handbook Caterpillar Edition 38 section 22
page 14, "fuel efficiency is the term used to relate fuel consumption and machine
productivity". Di PT. Berau Coal fuel

efficiency lebih dikenal dengan fuel ratio. Kegiatan pengupasan material lapisan
batuan penutup di PT. Berau Coal dilakukan dengan menggunakan peralatan yang

mengkonsumsi bahan bakar solar. Konsumsi bahan bakar yang besar yang tidak diikuti
dengan produksi yang optimal menyebabkan fuel ratio semakin besar. Pada penelitian
ini, dilakukan perhitungan nilai fuel ratio pada kegiatan pengupasan lapisan batuan
penutup di Pit Gaharu Kapur, Sambarata Mine Operation, PT. Berau Coal. Untuk
mengoptimalkan fuel ratio tersebut, dilakukan

analisis terhadap faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi konsumsi bahan bakar dan


produktivitas alat, yaitu kemiringan jalan dan jarak angkut.

Berdasarkan pengolahan data, diperoleh hasil analisis pengaruh kemiringan jalan dan
jarak angkut terhadap fuel ratio. Pada analisis pengaruh kemiringan jalan terhadap
fuel ratio dilakukan pada jarak angkut tetap yaitu 2700

meter, sementara analisis pengaruh jarak angkut terhadap fuel ratio dilakukan pada
kemiringan jalan tetap, yaitu 3.2%. Hasil analisis regresi linier pengaruh
kemiringan jalan terhadap fuel ratio menghasilkan persamaan : y = 0.2x + 1.142,
sementara analisis regresi linier pengaruh jarak angkut terhadap fuel ratio
menghasilkan persamaan : y = 0.676x + 1.142.

Dari hasil pengamatan lapangan, secara umum konsumsi bahan bakar alat gali-muat
berada pada kondisi tinggi, sementara konsumsi bahan bakar alat angkut berada pada
kondisi menengah. Nilai fuel ratio dari data aktual secara umum lebih besar
daripada nilai fuel ratio berdasarkan studi literatur. Dari hasil perhitungan

regresi linier, diperoleh hparameter yang paling sensitif terhadap fuel ratio
adalah jarak angkut. Setiap peningkatan jarak angkut sebesar 10% menyebabkan

kenaikan fuel ratio sebesar 6%, sementara setiap peningkatan kemiringan jalan
sebesar 10% menyebabkan kenaikan fuel ratio sebesar 2%.
Deskripsi Alternatif :

Fuel ratio is a ratio states fuel consumption needed to gain one bcm of overburden.
According to Caterpillar Performance Handbook Caterpillar Edition 38 section 22
page 14, "fuel efficiency is the term used to relate fuel consumption and machine
productivity". Overburden removal activity in Pit Gaharu-Kapur, Sambarata Mine
Operation, uses heavy equipments consuming diesel fuel. High fuel consumption which
is not followed by optimum production causes higher fuel ratio.

This final assignment is focused on calculation of fuel ratio in overburden removal


activity in Pit Gaharu-Kapur, Sambarata Mine Operation, PT. Berau Coal. To optimize
fuel ratio, it is necessary to do analysis of some factors that influence fuel
consumption and productivity, they are grade and hauling distance. Based on data
analysis, it results linear regression analysis of grade influence towards fuel
ratio. Analysis of grade influence towards fuel ratio done at constant hauling
distance, that is 2700 meter, while analysis of hauling distance influence towards
fuel ratio done at grade 3.2%. Result of linear regression analysis of grade
influence towards fuel ratio shows a formula : y = 0.2x + 1.142, while linear
regression analysis of hauling distance influence towards fuel ratio results a
formula : y = 0.676x + 1.142.

The overall fuel consumption of excavator based on field observation is on high


level, while fuel consumption of truck is on medium level. The value of fuel ratio
based on actual data is commonly bigger than the value of fuel ratio based on study
of literature. From this result of calculation of linear regression, it shows that
the most sensitive parameter towards fuel ratio is hauling distance. Every
increasing of hauling distance 10% causes fuel ratio increasing 6%, while every
increasing of grade 10% gives fuel ratio increasing 2%.
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