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MTH 105 EXAM PREPARATION

Name: ___________________________________ MTH 105 Tutor: Santiago


Day 3: PERMUTATION, COMBINATION, BINOMIAL THEOREM, INDICES,
LOGARITHMS AND SURDS

1. The coefficient of 𝑥 5 in the expansion of can this be done so that the committee
contains
(1 + 4𝑥)9 is
(i) At least one European
(A) 129024 (B) 149024 (C) 120294 (ii) At least one from each continent?
(D) 102924 12. Out of 6 councilors from Neutral Party of
Nigeria (NPN) and 8 councilors from
2. Find the square root of √32 − √24
Prospect Party of Nigeria (PPN), a committee
3. Find 𝑥 if 52𝑥 − 5𝑥+1 − 6 = 1 consisting of 2 NPN and 3 PPN is to be
(A) 1 (B) 6 (C) log 6 5 (D) log 5 6 formed. In how many ways can this be done
if
4. Solve for 𝑥 in
(i) any councilor from the two parties can be
0.3𝑥+1 = 0.7𝑥 included
log 0.3 (ii) one particular councilor from PPN must
(A) log⁡(0.3) (B)log(0.7) (C) log 0.7
serve
log 3−log 10 (iii) two particular councilors from NPN
(D) log 7−log 3
cannot serve in the committee?
2
5. Solve for x if 27𝑥 − 38𝑥+3 = 0 13. In how many ways can 5 passengers sit in a
compartment having 16 vacant seats?
6. In how many ways can a boy and a girl be
selected from M boys and N girls in a 14. Eight horses run a race. In how many ways
community can the first three finishers turn out?
7. Prove that 15. Find the coefficient of 𝑥 3 in the expansion of
(i) (𝑛𝑟) = (𝑛−1 ) + (𝑛−1 )
𝑟−1 𝑟 (𝑥 − 2)10
(ii) (𝑛𝑟)(𝑛𝑘) = (𝑛𝑘)(𝑛−𝑘
𝑟−𝑘
)
16. Find the value of 𝑎 if the coefficient of 𝑥 3 in
8. Find the first four terms of (𝑥 + 𝑦)20
9. Find the number of arrangements that can be (𝑎 + 2𝑥)5 is 320
made with the letters of the word INIOBONG 17. Find the term independent in x in the
10. A committee of two men and three women is 1 12
to be chosen from 5 women and 4 men. expansion of (𝑥 − 2𝑥)
(i) How many different committees can be
18. Expand (1 + 𝑥)6 and use the expansion to
formed?
(ii) If a particular man and a particular evaluate (1.02)6 correct to 5 decimal places
woman cannot serve in the same committee, 19. If the first three terms in the expansion of
how many committees are now possible? (1 + 𝑎𝑥)𝑛 in ascending powers of x are 1 +
11. A committee of four is to be chosen from 5 ⁡12𝑥⁡ + ⁡64𝑥 2 , determine the values of a and
Europeans and 4 Africans. In how many ways n. Hence, what is the coefficient of x7?

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20. Use the binomial expansion to obtain the first and d in the equation √9 − 4√5 = ⁡ √𝑐 −
three terms of the expression (1 − 𝑥)𝑛 .
1
√𝑑
1 5
Hence evaluate (0.96) 40. Evaluate √9 + 4√5 in the form 𝑐 + √𝑑
21. Represent √1 + x in a Maclaurin’s series and 41. Find the positive square root of
use it to approximate √1.1 to five decimal (i)49 − 12√5 (ii)⁡9 − 4√2 (iii)⁡√32 −
places √24 (iv) 67 − 12√7 (v)⁡35 − 12√6
1+√5
22. Obtain the first four terms of the binomial (vi)⁡2+√5
expansion of (2 + 𝑥)−1 in ascending powers 3√5−5√3
42. Simplify
√3+2√5
of x.
43. Show that
23. Solve 32(𝑥−1) − 8(3𝑥−2 ) = 1 for real
values of x. √5 + √15 + (√24 + 6√15) = ⁡ √3 + √5
24. Solve the simultaneous equations
2𝑥 + 3𝑦 = 41; 44. Determine the values of m and n if
2𝑥+2 + 3𝑦+2 = 209 8−3√6
could be expressed in the form
2√3+3√2
25. Find the values of x satisfying the equation
𝑚√2 + 𝑛√2
9𝑥 − 4(3𝑥 ) + 27 = 0
(4−𝑥 )(162𝑥−2 )
45. Solve for x in
26. Simplify (4 2𝑥−3 )(128)
(i) √𝑥 + 1 + ⁡ √𝑥 + 2 = √3𝑥
27. Solve the simultaneous equations
(2𝑠 )(4−𝑡 ) = 2; (ii)⁡√𝑥 2 + 5𝑥 + 2 − √𝑥 2 + 5 − 1 = 0
(3−𝑠 )(92𝑡 ) = 3 (iii)⁡√5𝑥 + 1 = √4𝑥 − 3 + √𝑥 − 2
28. Solve for x in ⁡3(2𝑥+1 ) − 23 = 22𝑥
2𝑏 𝑏2
29. Simplify 2 + 𝑙𝑜𝑔𝑎 (1 + 𝑎
+ 𝑎2 )
30. Given that 𝑙𝑜𝑔2 (𝑥 − 5𝑦 + 4) =
0, and⁡ 𝑙𝑜𝑔2 (𝑥 + 1) − 1 = 2 log 2 𝑦, find
the values of x and y
31. Without using tables, find the value of
5 6 5
𝑙𝑜𝑔2 3 + 𝑙𝑜𝑔2 5 − 𝑙𝑜𝑔2 28
1
32. If 𝑙𝑜𝑔8 𝑛 = 2 𝑝, 𝑙𝑜𝑔2 2𝑛 = 𝑞⁡and⁡𝑞 − 𝑝 =
4 find n
33. Evaluate 5𝑙𝑜𝑔⁡(𝑙𝑜𝑔10)
34. Simplify the following expression as a
logarithm in base 3:
1
𝑙𝑜𝑔1 7 + 2 𝑙𝑜𝑔9 49 − 𝑙𝑜𝑔√3
3 7
35. Solve for x in 𝑙𝑜𝑔4 𝑥 + 𝑙𝑜𝑔√𝑥 8 = 2
36. If 𝑙𝑜𝑔2 𝑁 + 𝑙𝑜𝑔𝑁 32 = 6, find the value
of N.
37. Evaluate (i) log 1 27 (ii) 𝑙𝑜𝑔𝑦3 𝑦
3

38. Solve the equation 𝑙𝑜𝑔𝑦 3 + 𝑙𝑜𝑔3 𝑦 = 2.5


39. If 𝑎2 + 𝑏 2 = 47𝑎𝑏 show that log 𝑎 +
𝑎+𝑏
log 𝑏 = 2 log ⁡( 7
)Find the values of c

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