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Jawab semua soalan.

Answer all the questions.

1. (a) Kelaskan setiap alat pengukuran di bawah mengikut kuantiti pengukuran yang betul.
Classify each measuring instrument below according to its correct quantity of measurement.

Kuantiti pengukuran Alat pengukuran


Quantity of measurement Measuring instrument

a) Panjang
Length

b) Jisim
Mass

c) Masa
Time

d) Suhu
Temperature

e) Arus Elektrik
Electric current

(5 markah/ marks)

(b) Nurul menghidap demam. Ibunya mempunyai dua jenis termometer seperti di bawah. Termometer
yang manakah lebih sesuai digunakan untuk mengukur suhu badan Nurul? Mengapa?
Nurul has a fever. Her mother has two tyes of thermometer as shown below. Which thermometer is
more suitable to measure the body temperature of Nurul? Why?

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M N

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(1 markah/ marks)

2. Rajah di bawah menunjukkan sesetengah organisma mikroskopik.


The diagram below shows some microscopic organisms.

(a) Namakan organisma yang berikut.


Name the following organisms.

T: _______________________________________________________________________________
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W: ______________________________________________________________________________
(2 markah/ marks)

(b) Nyatakan dua persamaan antara organisma mikroskopik yang ditunjukkan di atas.
State two similarities between the microscopic organisms shown above.

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(2 markah/ marks)

(c) Nyatakan satu perbezaan antara pasangan organisma yang berikut.


State one difference between the following pairs of organisms.

(i) S dan U: ______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

S and U: ______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

(ii) V dan W: _____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

V and W: _____________________________________________________________________

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(2 markah/ marks)

3. Stoma ialah liang seni yang terdapat di bawah permukaan daun. Rajah di bawah menunjukkan stoma dalam
dua cuaca yang berbeza. Perhatikan rajah dan lengkapkan jadual di bawah.
Stomata are tiny pores found at the lower surface of leaves. The diagram below shows two stomata during
two different weather conditions. Observe the diagram and complete the table below.

Keadaan cuaca Waktu siang Suhu yang tinggi


Weather condition During the day High temperature

Keadaan stoma
Stoma condition

(a)__________________________ (b)________________________

Saiz liang
(c) (d)
Size of pore

Kadar kehilangan air


(e) (f)
Rate of water loss

(6 markah/ marks)

4. (a) Padankan haiwan dengan jenis pembiakan yang betul dalam rajah di bawah.
Match the animals with the types of reproduction correctly in the diagram below.

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(2 markah/ marks)

(b) Padankan organ pembiakan lelaki dengan fungsi yang betul.


Match the male reproductive organs with the correct functions.

Organ pembiakan
Reproductive organs

(i) Testis
Testes

(ii) Vesikel semen

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Seminal vesicles

Fungsi
Functions

(2 markah/ marks) Menyimpan sperma dan


merembeskan bendalir yang
(c) Gariskan jawapan yang betul tentang pembiakan seks dan menyuburkan sperma.
pembiakan aseks.
Store sperms and secrete a
Underline the correct answers about sexual reproduction fluid that nourishes the and
asexual reproduction. sperms.

Menghasilkan sperma dan


hormon seks lelaki.
(i) Pembiakan seks ialah percantuman gamet jantan dengan
gamet betina untuk membentuk zigot Produce sperms and male sex
hormones.
dalam proses (persenyawaan, pertumbuhan).
Sexual reproduction is the fusion of a male gamete with a
female gamete to form a zygote in the
process of (fertilisation, growth).

(ii) Pembiakan aseks ialah pembentukan individu baharu (menggunakan, tanpa menggunakan) gamet.
Asexual reproduction is the formation of a new individual (using, without using) gametes.

(2 markah/ marks)

5. Rajah di bawah menunjukkan perubahan ketebalan dinding uterus dalam satu kitar haid. Lengkapkan
pernyataan tentang fasa dalam kitar haid.
The diagram below shows the change in the thickness of the uterus wall in a menstrual cycle. Complete the
statements about the phases in menstrual cycle.

Fasa 1/ Phase 1
Fasa 4/ Phase 4

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Fasa 2/ Phase 2
Fasa 3/ Phase 3

Fasa / Phase Penerangan/ Description

Pengeluaran __________________ dan lapisan dinding ____________sebagai


Fasa 1
haid.
Phase 1
Discharge of _________________ and _____________ wall as menstruation.

Dinding uterus _______________ dengan salur ________________.


Fasa 2
Phase 2
Uterus wall _______________ with _______________ vessels.

Ovari membebaskan _________________ menerusi proses _________________.


Fasa 3
Phase 3
Ovary releases __________________ through ________________ process.

Fasa 4
Dinding uterus dan salur darah terus menebal.
Phase 4

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The uterus wall and the blood vessel continue thicken.

(6 markah/ marks)

6. (a) Rajah di bawah menunjukkan beberapa cara untuk mencegah kehamilan. Dengan menggunakan
Perkataan yang diberi, namakan kaedah pencegahan kehamilan.
The diagram below shows several ways to prevent pregnancy. Using the words given, name the birth
control methods.

Ligasi Diafragma Kondom IUCD Vasektomi


Ligation Diaphragm Condom IUCD Vasectomy

(5 markah/ marks)

(b) Terangkan bagaimana kaedah vasektomi dilakukan bagi mencegah kehamilan.


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Explain how vasectomy method is used in birth control.

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(1 markah/ mark)

7. Labelkan rajah berikut dengan perkataan yang diberikan di bawah untuk menunjukkan proses persenyawaan
dalam tumbuhan.
Label the following diagram with the words given below to show the fertilisation in plants.

Ovul Butir debunga Stil Stigma Tiub debunga Ovari


Ovule Pollen grain Style Stigma Pollen tube Ovary

(6 markah/ marks)

8. (a) Berdasarkan rajah di bawah, terangkan maksud pendebungaan.


Based on the diagram below, explain the meaning of pollination.

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(1 markah/ mark)

(b) Lukiskan ------------> bagi menunjukkan laluan pendebungaan sendiri dan bagi laluan
pendebungaan kacuk.
Draw --------------> to show the pathway of self-pollination and for the pathway of
cross-pollination.

(2 markah/ marks)

(c) Rajah di bawah menunjukkan proses percambahan biji benih.


The diagram below shows the process of seed germination.

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Percambahan biji benih memerlukan syarat-syarat yang tertentu. Nyatakan tiga syarat yang diperlukan
untuk percambahan biji benih.
Germination of seeds requires certain conditions. State three conditions required for the germination
of seeds.

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(3 markah/ marks)

9. (a) Tandakan (√ ) pada pernyataan yang betul.


Tick ( √ ) on the correct statements.

i. Walaupun zarah gel adalah paling padat tetapi masih terdapat ruang di antaranya.
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Although the gel particles are the most compact but there are also spaces between them.

ii. Resapan zarah-zarah melalui cecair adalah lebih lambat berbanding dengan gas.
Diffusion of particles through liquid is slower than gas.

iii. Resapan dalam gas adalah paling lambat kerana kedudukan zarah-zarahnya yang sangat
hampir dan padat.
Diffusion in gas is the slowest because the arrangement of particles is very close and
compact.

iv. Ruang di antara zarah-zarah gel dan air suling adalah sama.
The spaces between the particles of gel and distilled water are similar.

v. Zarah-zarah gel lebih rapat berbanding dengan zarah-zarah air suling.


Particles of gel are closer than the particles of distilled water.

(3 markah/ marks)

(b) Lengkapkan jadual di bawah tentang perubahan keadaan jirim dalam proses fizikal yang melibatkan
penyerapan dan pembebasan haba.
Complete the table below on the change in states of matter in physical processes involving absorption
and release of heat.

Proses fizikal Perubahan keadaan jirim Penyerapan atau pembebasan haba


Physical process Change in state of matter Absorption or release of heat

Pendidihan Penyerapan haba


Boiling Absorption of heat

Kondensasi Gas → cecair


Condensation Gas → liquid

Pemejalwapan Pepejal → gas


Sublimation Solid → gas

(3 markah/ marks)

10. (a) Tuliskan sama ada penyataan di bawah adalah berkaitan dengan atom atau molekul.
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Write whether the statements below are related to atom or molecule.

Penyataan Atom/ Molekul


Statement Atom/ Molecule

Zarah paling kecil dalam unsur.


The smallest particle of an element.

Tidak dapat dipisahkan kepada bahan yang lebih ringkas.


Cannot be separated into simpler substance.

Terikat secara kimia.


Bound chemically.

Terdiri daripada dua atau lebih atom yang sama atau berlainan.
Consists of two or more same or different atoms.

(4 markah/ marks)

(b) Rajah di bawah menunjukkan susunan zarah dua bahan, R dan S. Padankan setiap rajah dengan jenis
bahan yang betul.
The diagrams below shows the arrangement of the particles of two substances, R and S. Match each
diagram with the correct type of substances.

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(2 markah/ marks)

11. (a) Rajah di bawah menunjukkan kitar karbon-oksigen semula jadi.


The diagram below shows the natural carbon-oxygen cycle.

(i) Namakan proses X dan Y.


Name process X and process Y.

X: ________________________________________________________________________________
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Y: ________________________________________________________________________________
(2 markah/ marks)

(ii) Proses yang manakah akan terjejas paling teruk sekiranya pokok ditebang secara berlebihan? Jelaskan.
Which process will be most affected if trees are cut down excessively? Explain.

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(2 markah/ marks)

(b) Berikan dua kesan terhadap alam sekitar jika kandungan karbon dioksida dalam atmosfera meningkat?
State two of the impacts on the environment if the carbon dioxide content of the atmosphere increases?

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(2 markah/ marks)

(c) Apakah yang akan berlaku kepada kitar karbon-oksigen sekiranya semua tumbuhan dimusnahkan?
Terangkan.
What will happen to the carbon-oxygen cycle if all the plants are destroyed? Explain.

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(2 markah/ marks)

(d) Lengkapkan carta gabungan kitar karbon dan kitar oksigen yang ditunjukkan di bawah dengan
menyatakan proses yang berlaku.
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Complete the combination chart of the carbon cycle and oxygen cycle shown below by stating the
processes that take place.

(2 markah/ marks)

12. Rajah di bawah menunjukkan sebahagian unsur dalam Jadual Berkala.


Diagram below shows part of the elements in the Periodic Table.

(a) Berdasarkan Rajah di atas, kenal pasti huruf yang mewakili…


Based on the diagram above, identify the letters that represents..

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(i) gas nadir/ an inert gas: ____________________________________

(ii) bukan logam/ a non-metal : ________________________________

(iii) logam/ a metal : ________________________


(3 markah/ marks)

(b) Tandakan ( √ ) pada gas nadir.


Tick ( √ ) on the noble gases.

Neon Argon
Neon Argon

Nitrogen Kripton
Nitrogen Krypton

Xenon Oksigen
Xenon Oxygen

(3 markah/ marks)

(c) Rajah di bawah menunjukkan susunan radas untuk mengkaji sifat-sifat unsur A, B dan C. Rod yang
diperbuat daripada unsur A, B dan C disambungkan secara bersilih ganti dan mentol diperhatikan.
Diagram below shows the apparatus set up to study the properties of elements A, B and C. Rods made
of elements A, B and C are connected one after another and the bulb is observed.

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Terangkan rod unsur yang manakah membolehkan mentol menyala apabila disambungkan kepada litar.
Explain which rod of element enables the bulb to light up when it is connected to the circuit.

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(2 markah/ marks)

(d) Pada suhu bilik, unsur C adalah pepejal manakala unsur D adalah gas. Bandingkan takat lebur unsur C
dengan unsur D. Terangkan jawapan anda.
At room temperature, element C is a solid while element D is a gas. Compare the melting points of
element C and element D. Explain your answer.

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(2 markah/ marks)

13. Rajah di bawah menunjukkan aktiviti-aktiviti yang dijalankan untuk menentukan sifat fizik jirim.
The diagram below shows the aktivities carried out to determine the physical properties of matter.

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(a) Tulis pemerhatian anda bagi aktiviti di atas.
Write down your observations of the above activities.

Aktiviti
I II III
Activity

(i) (ii) (iii)


Pemerhatian
Observations

(3 markah/ marks)

(b) Apakah nama larutan yang terbentuk dalam aktiviti II?


What is the name of the solution formed in activity II?

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(1 markah/ mark)

(c) Adakah sebarang bahan baharu terbentuk dalam setiap aktiviti di atas? Terangkan.
Is there any new substance formed in each of the above activities? Explain.

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(2 markah/ marks)

(d) Jadual di bawah menunjukkan ketumpatan lima bahan.


The table below shows the densities of five substances.

Bahan Air Ais Besi Alkohol Gabus


Substance Water Ice Iron Alcohol Cork

Ketumpatan
(g/cm3) 1.00 0.92 1.76 0.79 0.24
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Density (g/cm )

Kesemua bahan diletakkan ke dalam sebuah silinder penyukat seperti di bawah. Labelkan bahan yang
berkenaan dalam petak yang disediakan.
All the substances are placed into a measuring cylinder as below. Label the respective substances on
the boxes provided.

Besi/ Iron

(4 markah/ marks)

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14. (a) Rajah di bawah menunjukkan kebakaran hutan.
The diagram below shows a forest fire.

(i) Lengkapkan peta buih di bawah dengan menyatakan bahan pencemar udara yang terhasil daripada
pembakaran hutan.
Complete the bubble map by stating air pollutants resulting from the burning of the forest.

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(2 markah/ marks)

(ii) Nyatakan dua kesan pencemaran udara yang disebabkan oleh pembakaran hutan.
State two effects of air pollution caused by the burning of the forest.

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(2 markah/ marks)

(b) Rajah di bawah menunjukkan kesan pencemaran udara.


The diagram below shows the effects of air pollution.

(i) Apakah kesan pencemaran udara yang ditunjukkan di atas?


What is the effect of air pollution shown above?

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(1 markah/ mark)

(ii) Terangkan bagaimana kesan pencemaran udara yang dinyatakan di (b)(i) berlaku.
Explain how the effect of air pollution mentioned in (b)(i) occurs.

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(3 markah/ marks)

(iii) Bagaimanakah masalah pencemaran udara dapat diatasi? Terangkan.


How the problem of air pollution can be solved? Explain.

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(2 markah/ marks)

KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT


QUESTION PAPER END

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