Anda di halaman 1dari 33

Proje cts:

PCLinuxO S Sm al
lBus ine s s Edition
H ow To:
Se tup a Printe r in a W indow s W ork group
Conne ctto AO LUs ing a Dial up M ode m
Issu e 4 D e ce m b e r, 2006 h ttp://w w w .pcl
in u xos.com Add a M e nu Ite m

H el
pfu lLin k s N e tw ork Fil
e Sys te m
b y PCLinu x O S Foru m M e m b e rs b y jayd ot

M u s ic Pl
aye rs : Th e
Good , Th e B ad an d
Th e U gl y
b y Joh n "Papaw oob "Pax ton

Cre atin g Th u m b n ail


Gal le rie s of You r
Pictu re s
b y Tim R ob ins on

Exce ptw h e re oth e rw is e note d, conte ntofth is m agaz ine is l


ice ns e d u nde r a
Cre ative Com m ons Atrrib u tion- NonCom m e rcial - NoD e rvis 2.5 Lice ns e
PCLinuxO S M agaz ine is a com m unity
From th e De s k of th e Ch ie f E d itor proje ctofM yPCLinuxO S.com to provide
an additionalm e ans ofcom m unication to
th e PCLinuxO S com m unity.

Wel l
, h e re w e are w ith is s ue #4, and I be l
ie ve w e h ave an e ve n be tte r m agaz ine for you
th is m onth .
Proje ctCoordinator: De rrick De vine
Publ is h e r: M yPCLinuxO S.com
Th e re are re vie w s ofth re e m us ic m anage m e ntappl ications , an ope n s ource Contact: m ag@ m ypcl inuxos .com
re place m e ntfor AO L's inte rface , and a col le ction oflink s th ats h oul
d prove us e fulfor
ne w bie s and e xpe rts al ik e . Th e re is an announce m e ntaboutth e PCLinuxO S Sm al l
O ffice H om e O ffice (SO H O ) e dition, and four h ow -to articl es. Ch ie fEditor: Tim Robins on

Se nior Editor/W e bm as te r: Rodne y Adk ins


I w oul dl ik e to th ank th os e ofour re ade rs w h o contribute d articl e s and our s taffw h o
w ork e d h ard to pre pare th is m onth 's is s ue . As us ual, w e provide you w ith a ch oice (is n't Editors : Se án Le am y, Ne alBrook s
Linux al laboutch oice ?) ofdow nl oadabl e ve rs ions as w e l
las th e onl ine ve rs ion.
Proofre ade rs : Cl
ay Pe rrine , Guy Tayle r,
W h e n vis iting th e m ain PCLinuxO S forum th e oth e r day, I s aw s om e one ans w e r a Joh n Paxton, Doug W ils on, Se án Le am y,
q ue s tion us ing th e PCLO S M agaz ine as a re fe re nce . I cannotte l lyou, de ar re ade r, h ow Jan Alle n, Danny Crane , W arre n M ul
le nax
gratifying th atfe l t: th atour e fforts are w orth w h il e , and h e l pfulto th e com m unity. O ur Contributors : jaydot, Intoit, Erik M SP, Joh n
com m unity is s m al le r th an th os e ofoth e r dis tros ', butth e re is al
s o a clos e r fe e l
ing in th e "Papaw oob" Paxton, M e rl in W h ite w ol
f, Tim
PCLO S w orl d th an e l s e w h e re . Robins on

To e ach and e ve ry one ofyou, I s ay "th ank you" for your s upport. Pl e as e k e e p Page Layout& Graph ics : Arch ie Are val
o
s ubm itting article s for us to s h are w ith th e re s tofth e com m unity. K e e p w atch ing th e
AdditionalGraph ics : M ik e M os ch ini and
forum for inte re s ting topics ;l e tus k now w h atyou w is h to s e e in th e m agaz ine . Re nante Tom as

As 2006 com e s to a cl os e , a s pe cialth ank s is w arrante d for Te x and th e re s tofth e


de ve l
ope rs for th e be s tdis tro outth e re .

Tim R ob inson
P.S.

In is s ue #5 (De ce m be r 31, 2006), l


ook for s om e th ing ne w and e xciting. W e 're going to
h ave a ne w fe ature . Don'tm is s our e nd-of-ye ar is s ue ! H om e on th e Ne t:
h ttp://w w w .pclinuxos .com /forum s /
h ttp://w w w .m ypclinuxos .com
Annou nce m e nt: DigitalPh otos
Digik am is a pre -ins tal
le d ph oto m anagm e ntprogram th atal l
ow s

PCLinu xO S 0 .9 3a you to dow nl


col l
oad, organiz e , e dit, and s h are your e ntire ph oto
e ction. Eas il
y conne ctyour digitalcam e ra to your com pute r
and im portal lofyour picture s w ith a fe w m ous e -cl ick s . In addition
Re l
e as e d to Digik am , PCLinuxO S al
e ditor.
s o incl ude s th e pow e rfulGIM P im age

Te xs tar announce d on Augus t21, 2006 th e avail


abil
ity for
dow nl oad or onl
ine orde ring ofPCLinuxO S 0.9 3a Ful lEdition DigitalM us ic
ak a Big Daddy. M anage your favorite tune s w ith Am arok , an al l
-in-one m us ic
playe r buil
tinto PCLinuxO S. Burn and rip your favorite m us ic w ith
Th e ful le dition com e s w ith K e rne l2.6.16.27, K DE 3.5.3, O pe n Audio Cre ator. Fil
e s h are th rough Fros tw ire .
O ffice , Fire fox, Th unde rbird and Nvu. Digik am , Gim p and Gq vie w
for your digitalph oto ne e ds . Am arok , Audacity and Audio Cre ator W e b Publ
is h ing Tool
s
for your digitalm us ic ne e ds . Fros tw ire , bittorre ntand gftp for file PCLinuxO S incl ude s Nvu, a pow e rful , e as y-to-us e w e b de s ign
trans fe rs and p2p fil e s h aring. M pl aye r and K affe ine for vide o program th atis ope n-s ource . Anyone can cre ate w e b page s now ,
vie w ing. (l ibdvdcs s 2 re q uire d for dvd e ncrypte d pl ayback ). K ope te e ve n th os e w ith no te ch nicale xpe rtis e or k now l e dge ofH TM L.
and Xch atfor onl ine ch atting. Bl ogging and podcas ts oftw are al so
incl ude d. PCLinuxO S Big Daddy is th e ful lm onty! PCLinuxO S al low s you to try itin Live m ode w ith outtouch ing your
curre nts ys te m . Ifyou l
ik e PCLinuxO S you can e as il y ins tallitto
your com pute r us ing th e e as y to us e Ins tall
ation program . Afte r
PCLinu xO S 0 .9 3a Big D ad d y ins tal
ling PCLinuxO S to your com pute r, you can acce s s an
additional5000 program s and l ibrarie s from our fre e s oftw are
PCLinuxO S 0.9 3a - Ful lEdition ak a Big Daddy is now avail
abl
e. re pos itory.
Th is is our ful
lve rs ion ofth e PCLinuxO S Dis tribution.
Ifyou are tire d ofW indow s cons tantl y cras h ing al lth e tim e , th e
Inte rne tSuite blue s cre e ns ofde ath , th e nas ty virus e s /trojans , cons tantpop-
Inte rne t, Em ail, ins tantm e s s aging, and m ore ! PCLinuxO S ups , and s luggis h pe rform ance th e n PCLinuxO S is for you.
include s Th e M oz il la Fire fox W e b Brow s e r and Th unde rbird Em ail
Clie nt. K ope te Ins tantM e s s e nge r all
ow s your to ch atw ith frie nds Sw itch to PCLinuxO S today!!!
on Yah oo, M SN and AIM .
Th e curre ntl
is tofprogram s on th e Ful lEdition ofPCLinuxO S
Com pl
e te O pe n O ffice Suite 0.9 3a can be found ath ttp://w w w .pcl
inuxos .com //page .ph p?13l
.
PCLinuxO S com e s w ith a com pl e te O pe n O ffice s uite for w ord
proce s s ing, s pre ads h e e ts , draw ings and s l ide pre s e ntations . R e ad ab ou t PCLinu xO S 0 .9 3a Ju nior on page 9 .

1
M u sic Pl
aye rs: Th e Good ,
Th e Bad an d Th e U gl y
by Joh n "Papaw oob" Paxton <jpaxton@ nc.rr.com >
Dis cl
aim e r: Th e e xpe rie nce s and opinions in th is articl
e are e ntire l
y th e auth or's and s h oul
d in
no w ay be tak e n for w h atm ay be found in your ow n pe rs onale xpe rie nce s .

h ave for a l ong tim e be e n curious about w ith Juk . Th e follow ing is an e dite d de s cription from
I w h ich m us ic playe r w as th e be st. I've
brow s e d th rough th re ads on various forum s
ove r th e ye ars and re ad m any diffe re ntopinions . I'm
k de -apps .org:

Ju K 2.2
m ore confus e d now th an I w as w h e n I firstpos e d th is
q ue stion to m ys e lf. As w ith m ostth ings Linux and Juk e box and m us ic m anage r for K D E
ope n Source , I am s ure itboils dow n to a m atte r of
pe rs onalpre fe re nce . - An e as y to us e , playl
istand m e tadata focus e d
inte rface w ith s eve ralplayl
isttype s :
In th is articl
e , I w illtry and pointoutth e good, th e
bad, and th e ugl y of th re e m e dia playe rs . I w illstart Collection Listw h e re th e e ntire databas e of m us ic is

2
s h ow n and autom aticall y update d bas e d on folde rs th e – GStre am e r 0.8
us e r h as indicate d contain th e ir m us ic collection. – aKode

Se arch Playlists th atal low for pow e rfulcom binations – Inline s e arch for q uick filte ring of th e curre ntl y
of s e arch crite ria to produce dynam ical ly update d vis ible ite m s
playl ists . – M us icBrainz inte gration for file ide ntification ove r
th e inte rne t
D ynam ic Lists w h ich are produce d by us ing m ultiple – Fil e re nam e r th atre nam e s files bas e d on th e tag
s e lections in th e playl ists e lector and are a union of conte nt
tw o or m ore pl aylists . – A pow e rfultag e ditor th atw ork s s e am les s l y w ith
alls upporte d m us ic form ats
Folde r Playlists w h ich re pre s e nta s ingle folde r in th e – CD burning s upportvia th e popular K 3b tool
fil
e s yste m and are update d autom aticall y bas e d on its – Vis uall y attractive , butunobtrus ive track
conte nts . announce m e nts
– A Now Playing h e ads -up style title bar fe aturing
H istory Playlistw h ich store s a h istory of w h atth e us e r th e album cove r, link s to s h ow m ore from th e playing
h as playe d. artistor album and a brie f h istory of previous l y playe d
ite m s
Play Q ue ue is an e nh ance m e ntof th e popular Play – Cove r artm anage m e ntvia Google Im age Se arch
Ne xtfunctionality of previous ve rs ions th ate nables a R andom Play including Al bum R andom Play for
m anage able upcom ing q ue ue of ite m s to be playe d. random l y playing com plete album s

– Playe r and tag e ditor for s eve ralaudio form ats : JuK 2.2 is partof th e re ce ntl y re leas e d K D E 3.5
– M P3 (M PEG Laye r 3 Audio) k de m ultim e dia pack age . JuK pack age s are distribute d
– O gg Vorbis w ith m ostcurre ntLinux and m any Unix distributions .
– FLAC (Fre e Los s l e s s Audio Code c)
– M PC (M us e Pack ) Figure 1 is a s cre e ns h otof Juk :
– M ultiple audio outputback e nds :
– aR ts (D e fault)

3
did notw ork w e llfor m e , due to m y m e tadata be ing
m e s s e d up. Juk us e s th e m e tadata th atis attach e d to
e ach of your files , and if yours is as m e s s e d up as
m ine , th e n you w illprobabl y noth ave m uch luck
e ith e r. Anoth e r fe ature is th e re trievalof album cove rs
us ing Google's im age s e arch . Th is also did notw ork
w e llfor m e , butI be l ieve th is re late s to m e tadata
w h ich I k now is notone of m y strong points . H ow eve r,
if yours is as bad as m ine , Juk h as a buil tin tag e ditor
w h ich w illallow you to e as il y e dityour m e tadata.

M y favorite fe ature is th e track announce r, w h ich pops


up on your s cre e n w ith th e nam e of th e s ong th atis
aboutto play. Ith as a "nexttrack " and a "previous
track " button for advancing and re turning th rough your
m us ic. Th is is ve ry us e fulif you are lik e m e and h ave
Figure 1 s ongs in your col lection th atare notexactl y w h atth e
doctor orde re d for th e m ood th atyou are in. Th is
fe ature is note nabled by de faultbutis justtw o click s
As th e de s cription from k de -apps s h ow s , th is is a ve ry aw ay.
w e llth ough toutJuk e box application w ith e nough
fe ature s th ateve n a m us ic junk ie s h ould be s atis fie d. I am also a big fan of Fire fox's "FoxyTune s " exte ns ion.
W h e n you ope n Juk for th e firsttim e , itas k s for th e Juk w ork s s e am les s l
y w ith FoxyTune s s o th atyou can
locations of th e folde rs w h e re your m us ic is store d s o controlyour m us ic w ith outh aving to leave w h ateve r
th atitm ay im portand organize it. Th is fe ature is w e b page you h appe n to be view ing atth e tim e . Since
com m on to al lm us ic m anage rs . Juk is a k de m ultim e dia pack age , itus e s th e aR ts
s ound e ngine , th e de faul ts ound e ngine for k de . You
Anoth e r com m on fe ature is file ide ntification. Juk also h ave th e option to us e th e gstre am e r e ngine ,
us e s M us icBrainz onl
ine databas e for th is . Th is fe ature w h ich is ve ry good, and anoth e r e ngine th atis clos e ly

4
re late d to aR ts , call
e d aKode . Finally, a fe ature call
ed • Fulll yrics dow nload
"pl ay q ue ue " is also available, w h ich w h e n righ t • Re ad aboutyour bands w ith e m be dde d w ik ipe dia
click ing a file give s you a drop dow n m e nu th atall ow s brow s ing!
you to add th atfile to th e q ue ue . • Funk y vis ualis ations from libvis ualand XM M S
• K D E inte gration
Th e Good : Itis a ve ry w e llrounde d juk e box th at • Stre am ing M P3 stre am s , including Last.fm
com e s w ith a ful
lk de instal l. stre am s .
• Cros s fading
Th e Bad : Unl e s s your m e tadata is up to s nuff, you • Podcasting Support
los e s om e functionality. • Full y configurabl e trans l
uce ntO SD for track
ch ange s
Th e Ugl y: Th e de faultl
ook is ok ay, buts om e s k ins • K 3B (CD -burning) inte gration
w ould be nice . • Style your ContextBrow s e r w ith custom CSS
styles
• Save s pace in your ContextBrow s e r w ith
Am arok collaps ible boxe s
• Sh ow th e ContextBrow s e r w ith outAm arok ope n
First, le ts look atth e fol l
ow ing fe ature s tak e n from th rough th e Konq ue ror s ide bar!
h ttp://am arok .k de .org/. • Fulls upportfor Last.FM ! Sh are your m us ic taste
w ith frie nds on th e ne t
• Quick and s im pl e drag and drop playlistcre ation • Ge ne rate dynam ic pl aylists bas e d on l
ast.fm
• Supe r eye -candy inte rface s ugge stions
• M ultiple back e nds s upporte d ( xine , h e lix and • Supportfor SQLite , M ySQLand Postgre SQL
NM M ) databas e s e ns uring fastcollection acce s s
• 10 band e q ualize r • Supportfor your iPod, iR ive r, Plays ForSure ,
• Autom atic cove r artdow nl oad us ing Am azon NJB, and ge ne ric USB device w ith th e al lnew m e dia-
s e rvice s brow s e r
• Th e uniq ue and pow e rfulContextBrow s e r • Pow e rfuls cripting inte rface , allow ing for e as y
• Autom atic pl ay-statistics ge ne ration (iR ate style) exte ns ion of Am arok

5
• Com pl e te D CO P acce s s form of s cripts th atcan be dow nl oade d and m anage d
• Trans late d into m ore th an 50 language s , th ank s by click ing on Tools > ScriptM anage r. Th e re are
to th e localization te am atK de . lite rally doze ns of available s cripts to do justabout
anyth ing you can im agine . I could w rite page afte r
As you can s e e from th e fe ature l ist, Am arok h as just page aboutth e s e functions , butrath e r th an th at, l
e ts
abouteve ryth ing, including th e k itch e n s ink ! Am arok s ay th atyou can s pe nd a couple of h ours pl aying w ith
w as w ritte n for k de and in m y opinion is one of th e th e m to s e e w h atyou lik e .
m ostvis uall y appe aling applications on any O S. Lik e
m ostm us ic m anage rs , w h e n you firstope n Am arok it Th e Good : W h at's not?
as k s w h ich folde rs contain your m us ic and organize s
it. Unlik e Juk , Am arok gath e rs its inform ation about Th e Bad : Som e of m y m e tadata m ay stillbe bad, as I
your m us ic and th e artists from Softpe dia. Appare ntl y, h ad 6 outof 19 2 s ongs for w h ich I could notge tan
th is w ork s w e l
lh ow eve r bad your m e tadata is . Eve ry album cove r.
tim e a new s ong starts , artistinfo, s ong info, and eve n
lyrics are avail able to th e us e r. y: Th e re is noth ing atallugl
Th e Ugl y aboutAm arok .

O n th e lefts ide of th e playlistw indow is a ve rtical H e re is a s cre e ns h otof Am arok in action:


brow s e r toolbar containing five buttons . Th e s e are :
M e dia, Files , Playlist, Collection, and Context. Th e
first4 are s e lf explanatory, butth e Contextm e nu is
w h e re a loth appe ns . By click ing on Contextyou ge ta
w indow th ats h ow s w h ats ong is curre ntly playing, th e
lasttim e itw as playe d, and th e firsttim e itw as playe d.
Italso s h ow s th e al
bum cove r for th e s ong th atis
playing, if it's available.

Atth e top of th is w indow are s eve ralbuttons th at


ch ange th e info th atis dis playe d in th e context
w indow . M ostof Am arok 's extra fe ature s com e in th e

6
K affe ine 12. Plays e m be dde d vide o stre am s

H e re is K affe ine 's fe ature list: K affe ine is vis uall


y les s appe aling th an Am arok , butI
th ink th e deve lope rs h ave focus e d on functionality. It
1. Live playback of digitalTV. O SD program is s im ilar to W indow s M e dia Playe r in th atitis
de s cription. de s igne d to play justaboutany form of m e dia. Th e
ve rs atile Xine e ngine is us e d by de fault. W h e n you
2. Sim pl
e dialog to s e tup de inte rlace r q uality. firststartK affe ine , you are s h ow n a q uick startpage
th atallow s you to ch oos e w h atform of m e dia you
3. Preview of m e dia files ins ide of K D E's Konq ue ror w ould lik e to play.
file m anage r

4. Stre tch Pl
ugin w ith pitch pre s e rvation and 2 -> 5.1
upm ix.

5. DVD playback w ith navigation

6. Electronic Program Guide s upport.

7. M ultiple playl
ists . Cove r fe tch e r. D rag'n'drop.

8. 10-Band Eq ualize r.

9 . Fastacce s s to th e m ostcom m on m e dia.

10. CD DA playback and ripping. Encode rs for m p3


and O ggVorbis . K affe ine 's Quick StartPage

11. D igitalVide o Broadcasting

7
Since w e are review ing m us ic m anage rs , w e s h ould
re m ark on th e pl aylistbutton. Afte r click ing it, you
s h ould s e e th e pl
aye r w indow . To play your m us ic, you
ne e d to e nte r an UR Lw h e re your m us ic is store d- ex:
/h om e /yournam e . Afte r th is configuration, eve ryth ing
playe d fine for m e . By de fault, a s m allw indow us e d
for vis uals is e m be dde d in th e play w indow . Th is is
run by th e ve rs atil e Goom vis ualge ne rator.

Lik e Juk and Am arok , K affe ine trie s to dis play a cove r
for e ach s ong playe d. I th ink th atK affe ine m ustal so
us e M us icBrainz for its info gath e ring and album
cove rs as I w as notabl e to ge tone album cove r to
s h ow up. D e s pite th atl ittle nuance , K affe ine h as m any
us e fulfe ature s . You can liste n to your CD s and rip
th e m to th e h ard drive atth e s am e tim e . Ith as tigh t
inte gration w ith Konq ue ror w h ich all ow s view ing of Figure 2

e m be dde d stre am s in w e b page s . Probabl y one of its


m ostinte re sting fe ature s is th e ability to broadcast Th e Good : Ith as tigh tinte gration w ith Konq ue ror, an
w h atyou are pl aying ove r your ne tw ork . Th is is ve ry ability to broadcastand re cord stre am s , and th e all
-in-
e as y to s e tup and re q uire s ve ry little k now ledge of one capability to play alm ostany form of m e dia.
ne tw ork ing. You can s ave stre am s you are l iste ning to,
also. K affe ine is a ve ry ve rs atile m us ic m anage r but Th e Bad : Its inability to dis play album cove rs or
tak e s a bitof configuring to re alize its fullpote ntial . l
yrics and th e ne e d (h ow eve r s ligh t) to configure
Again, th is is probabl y be caus e its m ain stre ngth s are UR Ls to gain acce s s to your m e dia are its bad points .
in dis playing vide o.
y: Itis notvis uall
Th e Ugl y appe aling (to m e ).
Figure 2 is K affe ine in action:

8
Concl
u s ion PCLinu xO S 0 .9 3a Ju nior
Le t's look back on w h atw e h ave expe rie nce d in th is Te xs tar announce d th e re l
e as e ofPCLinuxO S 0.9 3a Junior on
s h ortcom paris on of th re e of k de 's offe rings for m us ic Augus t9 , 2006
m anage r. Juk w ork s outof th e box as itw as de s igne d
to be , a s im pl e ye tfunctionalapplication w ith w h ich PCLinuxO S 0.9 3a Junior w as th e ne xts te p up from M iniM e .
Junioir com e s w ith jus tth e bas ic de s k top al
low ing ful
lus e r
to m anage your m us ic files . K affe ine re q uire s a little cus tom iz ation.
configuration to acce s s th e s im ple functionality of Juk
buth as far m ore functional ity once itis up and PCLinuxO S 0.9 3a Junior is a s e l fbooting Live CD w ith
running. Ne ith e r one of th e s e h as th e vis uall y stunning advance d h ardw are de te ction. In addition to running Junior in
appe alof Am arok . Al th ough you can do oth e r th ings Live CD m ode , you can al s o ins tal
litto your com pute r. Eas y to
w ith Am arok , its deve l ope rs h ave puteye candy a foll
ow ins tructions are include d on th e Live CD as w e llas a ch at
ch anne lfor ins tanth e l
p.
clos e s e cond to functional ity and h ave ove rach ieve d on
both counts . Al lth re e offe r builtin iPod s upportfor Junior com e s w ith a s e tofpre -s e l
e cte d program s for W e b
your m us ic-on-th e -go ne e ds and com e w ith K 3b Brow s ing, Em ail, Ins tantM e s s aging, Bl ogging, IRC ch at, M us ic,
inte gration for your CD burning. Th e s e are just3 of Graph ics , Vide o (additionals oftw are re q uire d for e ncrypte d DVD
m any Linux m e dia appl ications . Allof th e m h ave th e ir playback and proprie tary form ats ), DigitalCam e ra, Gam e s , Ftp,
Bittorre nttrans fe r, CD/DVD burning and m ore .
good, bad, and ugl y points . O th e r e as y to us e
m anage rs are R h yth m box, Bans h e e , Tote m , and Re al Ifyou are firs ttim e Linux us e r or s om e one m igrating from
Pl aye r. W ik ipe dia W indow s th e n PCLinuxO S 0.9 3a Junior is a gre atw ay to ge t
(h ttp://e n.w ik ipe dia.org/w ik i/Cate gory:Linux_ m e dia_ s tarte d us ing Linux. Afte r ins tal
ling PCLinuxO S to your com pute r,
playe rs ) lists 42 Linux m e dia playe rs . So lik e all you can acce s s an additional5000 program s and l ibrarie s from
th ings Linux and O pe n Source , true fre e dom com e s our fre e s oftw are re pos itory.
w ith th e abil ity to m ak e your ow n ch oice s . H appy Th e curre ntl is tofprogram s on Junior can be found at
H ol idays ! h ttp://w w w .pclinuxos .com //page .ph p?12l
.

9
H ow To Con n e ctTo AO L
U sin g A D ialU p M od e m
by Joh n "Papaw oob" Paxton <jpaxton@ nc.rr.com >

aving s pe nts eve ralh ours figuring th is I w illas s um e th atyou k now w h atm ode m device you
H out, I th ough tth atI s h ould putitin a
h ow -to, s o th atanyone w h o is stillus ing
dialup and AO L("BIP" to th e
are us ing (e .g. /dev/ttyS0, exte rnal , or /dev/ttyS3,
inte rnalCO M 4), and th ateve ryth ing w ork s to conne ct
to a "norm al" ISP. Now w e ge tto th e fun partand do a
Europe ans ) w oul d be able to conne ctto th e Inte rne t bitof e diting to th re e configuration fil e s . Th e s e are
w h ile us ing Linux. First, look in your distribution's "aol-s e cre ts ," "pe nggy.cfg," and "ph one tab."
re pos itorie s for a program cal led Pe nggy. Th is is
ne ce s s ary be caus e AO Ldoe s notfollow th e s am e Th e Pe nggy folde r s h ould be locate d at/e tc/pe nggy.
standards th atoth e r ISPs us e . O nce you h ave found O nce you h ave locate d it, ope n th e "aol -s e cre ts " file
Pe nggy, dow nl oad and instal litus ing your distro's w ith your favorite texte ditor. Add your s cre e n nam e
pack age m anage r. If your distro doe s noth ave a binary and pas s w ord atth e bottom of th e existing textas in
pack age you can dow nl oad th e s ource code and find th e exam ple be low butw ith outth e brack e ts <> . Be
m ore info atnonGnu. s ure th e re is a carriage re turn (blank ) l
ine atth e e nd of
th e file.

10
Add any ph one num be rs th atyou h ave for conne cting
to AO L. Add th e m atth e bottom of th e existing text
w ith outth e brack e ts <> or th e w ord 'exam ple', s ave th e
file and clos e th e e ditor. Finall y, ope n th e file
"pe nggy.cfg" w ith your texte ditor. Th e pe rtine nt
s e ctions are s h ow n be l
ow , as th e fil
e is too large to
ins e rth e re .

## Parameter: modem_device
## Type: path
## Description: sets the serial
device to use for the modem.
Afte r you h ave done th is , s ave th e file and clos e th e ## Default: /dev/modem
e ditor. ##
## The default is probably good if
Next, e ditth e file nam e d "ph one tab." O pe n th is file /dev/modem is a link to the serial
w ith your texte ditor. Its h ould look lik e th e exam ple ## device that your modem is attached
be low : to. Otherwise change this parameter.
##
# modem_device = /dev/ttyS0
modem_device=/dev/ttyS4

H e re you ne e d to add in your m ode m 's l ocation. If


your m ode m s h ow s up as /dev/m ode m , s h ow n in re d
above , th e n you do notne e d to m ak e any ch ange s .
H ow eve r, if your m ode m s h ow s up as s om e th ing e lse,
s uch as /dev/ttyS4, you w illne e d to add itatth e
bottom of th e s e ction, s h ow n in bl ue above . W h e n you
h ave finis h e d th is you ne e d to m ove on to th e next
s e ction, s h ow n on th e nextpage :

11
## This option is used to tell penggy s h ould re m ain online . W h e n you are finis h e d s urfing
to connect with this screen name. and w is h to dis conne ct, cl os e th e te rm inal.Each tim e
## You really need to change this you w antto go online , you ne e d to fol low th e ste ps in
parameter or pass it at the command th is paragraph . I h ope th is w illbe h e lpfuland s ave
line s om e of you cons ide rable h e adach e s .
## prompt, or penggy will complain
about not having a screen name for Adve rtis e m e nt:
## the connection. Are you a h appy PCLinuxO S us e r?W oul
d
## you h e l
p m ak e PCLinuxO S be tte r?
# screen_name = foobar
YOUR SCREEN NAME Cons ide r a
Add in your s cre e n nam e , as s h ow n in gre e n above .
DO NATIO N
Th e re are oth e r s e ttings th atcan be ch ange d, butth e http://www.pclinuxos.com/page.php?1
de faul ts h ave be e n w e llth ough tout, s o ch ange s are
probabl y notne ce s s ary. If you are s atis fie d, s ave th e
file and clos e th e texte ditor. R e ad th e S cre e n!
Be l
ie ve d to be in th e publ
ic dom ain.
To conne ctto AO L, ope n a te rm inal.A te rm inalm ay Cus tom e r: "Th e ins tal lfail s h alfw ay th rough . I trie d s e ve ral
be found in your startm e nu or in th e pane lth atruns tim e s , and ital
w ays fail s atth e s am e point."
along th e bottom or top of your de s k top. O nce you Te ch Support: "Did you s e e any k ind ofe rror m e s s age ?"
h ave ope ne d th e te rm inal,type "s u" and th e n h ite nte r Cus tom e r: "Ye s ."
Te ch Support: "W h atdid th e e rror m e s s age s ay?"
(or re turn). Ente r your pas s w ord w h e n prom pte d. Th is Cus tom e r: "Its aid, 'Pl e as e ins e rtDis k 2.'"
w illw il lgive you root(adm inistrator) privilege s ; Te ch Support: "H ave you gotanoth e r dis k th e re ?"
Pe nggy re q uire s th e s e to run. Next, type "pe nggy" and Cus tom e r: "Ye s ."
th e n h ite nte r. You s h oul d s e e s om e textcom e up in Te ch Support: "Is itl abe l e d 'Dis k 2'?"
Cus tom e r: "Ye s , itis ."
th e te rm inaland h e ar your m ode m dial ing. Next, you Te ch Support: "Ins e rtth atdis k into th e drive , and cl ick 'O K '."
w ills e e in th e te rm inal , texts aying "conne cting," Cus tom e r: "W ow , th ank s ! Th at's fixe d it. It's ins talling now .
"auth e nticating," e tc. Finall y, you s h ould s e e th atyou W h atw as it, a faul ty dis k or s om e th ing?"
are conne cte d. As long as th e te rm inalstays ope n you

12
PCLin u xO S Sm al l
Bu s in e s s E d ition
by M e rlin W h itew olf

Sm al loffice and h om e office ." H ow ofte n do de finitions w ith low e r num be rs are l e aving outa large
w e s e e or h e ar th atph ras e or its acronym num be r of bus ine s s e s , th e s ingle bus ine s s ow ne r, and
SO H O ?Th e re are l ots of s oftw are offe rings th e 'M om and Pop' bus ine s s e s of th e w orl d. M any of
th atproclaim th ey are SO H O e ditions of bus ine s s th os e bus ine s s e s go unprovide d for or m ak e extre m e
applications . Som e of th e s e are th e s am e program s as s acrifice s to acq uire th e s oftw are th ey ne e d. Th ey m ay
th e e nte rpris e e ditions w ith s om e functional ity be us ing olde r h ardw are th atdoe s notrun new e r
re m ove d, or th atare lim ite d in s om e oth e r w ay. Ye t, proprie tary applications ve ry w e l l,if atal l.Th e
m any of th e s m al lbus ine s s ow ne rs ne e d th e full am ountof capitalth ey h ave to s pe nd is us ual l
y
functional ity of th e e nte rpris e e ditions . Itis our goalto lim ite d, s o s olutions w ith outa ne e d for an im m e diate
provide th os e us e rs a fre e and ope n s ource s olution. cas h outlay are im portant.

First, le tus de fine w h ata s m allbus ine s s is . Som e From one ofour te am m e m be rs , BigBe arO m ah a -
de finitions incl ude th os e bus ine s s e s w ith fifty to one
h undre d e m ploye e s , oth e rs w illgo l ow e r. But, "I w ould lik e to clarify a little aboutth e goalof th e

13
proje ct, w h ich is to bring a toolto a m uch ove rlook e d be ing fills a ne e d th ataffe cts th e l
arge stbus ine s s
s e gm e ntof th e bus ine s s com m unity, th e SO H O /SM B. m ark e t(in th e Unite d State s atleast), th e SO H O /SM B.
Bringing th e s e financiall y re straine d and h ard w ork ing
"M uch of th e s e rve r s ol
utions avail
able now are ide al pe ople a toolth atth ey can us e on th e ir ow n, e m pow e rs
and aim e d tow ard th e 10 + SM B's or large r, actuall
y, I th e m to learn and expand furth e r.
m ay be m inim izing th at.
"So I h ave th e s e pe ople in m ind w h e n I dis cus s th is
"Th e ide alof Linux and PCLO S, in m y e stim ation, is proje ct. PCLO S is th e te m plate th atw ork s be st, th e
to bring a productto th e com m unity and it's varying form atof s im ple and m inim alis k ey to m ak ing th e s e
as pe cts th atw ille m pow e r th e us e r. Itw illpre s e ntth e us e rs functional.
us e r w ith an acce s s ible, functional,pow e rfulre s ource ,
and a s e tof tools th atw oul d oth e rw is e only be "I te nd to be h igh l
y ide alistic and I h ave h igh
available for th e m ore financiall y e ndow e d us e rs . expe ctations for eve ryth ing I do. Th at's w h y I do not
justjum p into anyth ing I do notth ink I can do justice
"For th e SO H O /SM B us e r, starting up a bus ine s s from to."
your h om e or s m al loffice /s h op is an e norm ous and
expe ns ive tas k . Com pute rs bring to any bus ine s s , gre at Th e De sk top:
tool s th atw illh e lp a bus ine s s grow , m axim ize
inve stm e nt, and bring a l eve lof profe s s ionalis m to th at PCLO S SO H O aim s to provide th e m ostfunctional
bus ine s s th atw ould oth e rw is e be unavailable to th e m . applications in th e ir ful lve rs ions . O pe n O ffice ,
Itcan al s o catapul tth e m into a m ore com pe titive gnucas h , and oth e r standard pack age s w illbe include d
pos ition, th e re by incre as ing grow th pote ntial. w ith th e re leas e , as w e llas oth e r program s th atm ay be
h e lpfulto th e s m allbus ine s s . Care fulplanning is
"Th e m oney to do th is for th e SO H O /SM B ow ne r is ne e de d to include as m any us e fulappl ications as
h ard to com e by, as expe ns e s for products , s upport pos s ible , w h ile k e e ping th e ove ral ls ize dow n to a lim it
m ate rials, and s e rvice tak e up th e lion's s h are of th e th atw illfiton a s ingl e CD . O th e r appl ications w illbe
initialinve stm e nt. m ade available th rough Synaptic as th ey be com e
available.
"Bringing th is ve rs ion of PCLO S SM B/SO H O into

14
Th e Se rve r:
U NIX Conve ntion
Be l
ie ve d to be in th e publ
ic dom ain.
Th ough th e re are m any s e rve r distributions avail able,
one th atis s pe cificall
y de s igne d for s m allbus ine s s e s O ve rh e ard atth e airport:
doe s notappe ar to be curre ntl y available. Th is is a
ne e d th atth e SO H O te am fe e l
s is im portantto m e e t. H e r: "And w h e re are you going?"
H im : "I'm going to San Francis co to a UNIX conve ntion."
H e r: "Eunuch s conve ntion?I didn'tk now th e re w e re th at
Th e s e rve r ope rating s yste m w illincl ude appl ications m any ofyou."
to m e e tth e ne e ds for a varie ty of s e rve r e nvironm e nts ,
plus as m any oth e r appl ications as w illfitonto a S e tting U p E- m ail
s ingle CD . Be l
ie ve d to be in th e publ
ic dom ain.

O ne tim e I w as trying to s e tup a frie nd's e -m ailprogram . I


Th e CDs: w al k e d h im th rough s e tting up an accountw ith th e incom ing
and outgoing s e rve r nam e s s e tto "m ail ," butitdidn'tw ork . I
Th e CD s w illbe Live CD s s o th atth e ow ne rs of th os e trie d again, and its til ldidn'tw ork . I w as s tarting to run outof
s m allbus ine s s e s m ay te stth e O S and its com patibil ity ide as , and th e n th e cus tom e r s aid, "Ifm y m ails e rve r nam e is
'm al e ,' doe s th atm e an m y girlfrie nd's s e rve r is 'fe m al
e '?"
w ith th e ir h ardw are prior to installation. W e cons ide r
th is an im portantfe ature . Running a Live CD as s ists in S tu pid Te ch S u pport
ge tting ove r th e learning curve w ith outfirstm ak ing Be l
ie ve d to be in th e publ
ic dom ain.
ch ange s to th e ir h ard dis k drive . Le arning th e s yste m
and be com ing com fortable w ith itbe fore installation I h ad troubl
e dow nl
oading s oftw are once , s o I cal
le d te ch
s upport.
w illre s ul tin few e r problem s for th e bus ine s s ow ne r.
M e : "I can'ts e e m to ge tth is dow nl
oad to com pl
e te . W h atm igh t
Th is proje ctis in th e e arl y stage s and w e 're expe cting be caus ing it?"
th e firstte stve rs ion to be availabl e s oon. Care ful Te ch Support: "W h atope rating s ys te m are you running?"
planning is be ing tak e n by th e de s ign te am to produce M e : "W indow s NT."
Te ch Support: "W e l l
, you h ave to be running W indow s 9 8 or
a com plete and us abl e s yste m . O fficialannounce m e nts be tte r in orde r to dow nload it."
aboutth is proje ctw il lbe m ade as w e progre s s . M e : "Um m m , I am . I'm running W indow s NT4, SP5."
Te ch Support: "Are you on a PC or a M AC?"

15
Ne tw ork Fil
e Sy s te m
(NFS)
by Jaydot

h e Ne tw ork Fil e Syste m (NFS) e nables file optional.D o th is for e ach m ach ine you w antto
T acce s s for Linux-onl y ne tw ork s . Th os e w h o
ne e d to conne ctto ne tw ork file s h are s w ith
W indow s m ach ine s ne e d to us e Sam ba.
conne ctto th e ne tw ork .

Configure Disk Sh aring

To start, ope n a file m anage r s uch as Konq ue ror, and Stillin PCC, go to M ountPoints /Configure dis k
cre ate a fol
de r called "s h are d." s h aring. For m ostpurpos e s , "Allow allus e rs " is th e
optim um ch oice .
H ostnam e s
M anage NFS Sh are s
O pe n PCLinuxO S ControlCe nte r (PCC) and click on
th e Ne tw ork ing option. Next, click on H ostnam e s . Add th e s h are s you w anth e re by cl ick ing on th e
W ith in H ostnam e s add th e Inte rne tProtocol(IP) "brow s e " button. Next, click on th e Advance d tab and
addre s s e s and a nam e for e ach m ach ine – an alias is in th e option, Re ad-O nl y s h are , ch ange th is to "no" if

16
you w antto h ave w rite , as w e llas re ad acce s s . "ye s ." Th e re m ay be occas ions w h e n you w antto s e t
up a s h are for th e curre nts e s s ion onl
y. In th is cas e ,
Cre ate Ne tw ork Fil
e Syste m (NFS) you w ould s ay "no."

Go to Cre ate Ne tw ork File Syste m (NFS) m ount Using Sh are s


points and click on "s e arch s e rve rs ." Al lof th e
com pute rs th atyou e nte re d IP and h ostnam e s for w il l In your file m anage r, go to your h om e folde r and look
now appe ar in th e leftpane . Click on one of th e in s h are . Allth e s h are s you h ave s e tup w illbe in th e re
com pute r nam e s and an arrow w illappe ar on th e l e ft. and you w illbe able to brow s e your ow n ne tw ork .
Click ing th is arrow w il lexpand to s h ow you th e s h are s
th atyou cre ate d. Ch oos e one of th e s h are s and th e n
click M ountPoint. PCC w ills ugge sta path for th e S ave y ou r W ork
Be l
ie ve d to be in th e publ
ic dom ain.
s h are . If th is is corre ct, th e n justclick e nte r. If not,
th e n e nte r th e corre ctpath of th e s h are . For exam ple, I h ad a frie nd s top by to as k m e a com pute r q ue s tion. Sh e
us e r "m att" on a m ach ine nam e d "box1" w ants to h ad a W indow s s ys te m .
conne ctto a s h are on m ach ine "bob," w h ich h as a h ard
H e r: "I'd l
ik e to s ave m y w ork onto a fl
oppy dis k s o I can tak e
drive h ol ding your m us ic collection. Th e path to th e itw ith m e ."
s h are th atyou w ould type is :
M e : "O K , afte r you are done typing your w ork , on th e top you
/home/bob/shared/music w ills e e a bl ue bar. Be l ow itis a gray bar w ith w ords on it.
Th is is cal le d th e m e nu bar. O n th e m e nu bar, cl
ick th e w ord
'File .' From th e re , you w il
ls e e a gray box appe ar. O n th is
D o th is for e ach s h are and m ountth e s h are . If you gray box, cl ick 'Save As '. O n th e top ofth e ne xtgray box,
look atth e icon as s ociate d w ith th e s h are , you w ill click on th e w h ite box w ith 'Save In' ne xtto it. From th is ne xt
notice a l igh tning s ym bolon an unm ounte d s h are and w h ite box, cl ick on '3 1/2 Floppy'."
a clos e d conne ction on a m ounte d one . H e r: (w riting al
lth is dow n) "O k , th ank s , one m ore q ue s tion."

W h e n you h ave com plete d cre ating th e m ountpoints M e : "Sure ."


and m ounte d al lth e s h are s , click "done ." You w illbe H e r: "Doe s th e fl
oppy dis k ne e d to be in th e com pute r w h e n I
as k e d if you w antth e ch ange s re corde d in fstab. Click s ave m y w ork ?"

17
H ow to Se t U p a Prin te r
in a W in d ow s W ork grou p
by Intoit

h is tutorialw ills h ow you h ow to printfrom printer and e nte r a s h are nam e . You w illne e d th is
T PCLinuxO S to a printe r conne cte d to a
W indow s com pute r on a h om e ne tw ork .
M ak e s ure your printe r is turne d on.
nam e l
ate r s o w rite itdow n. Pre s s OK.

Go back to th e ControlPane l
. Se l
e ct-> System ->
Computer Name. W rite dow n th e nam e of th e
O n W ind ow s W ork group.

Go to Start -> Control Panel -> Next, w e ne e d th e IP addre s s of th e W indow s


Printers and Faxes. Se lectyour printe r and com pute r. M ak e s ure you are plugge d into your
righ tcl
ick on th e icon. Th is w illgive you a pop-up ne tw ork . Go to Start -> All Programs ->
w indow . Se l
e ctSharing. Anoth e r w indow w illpop Accessories -> Command Prompt. In th e
up. com m and prom ptw indow type ipconfig and pre s s
Ente r. You w ills e e a line th atre ads s om e th ing l
ik e
Se lectth e Sh aring tab. Se lectShare this th is :

18
IP Address............:192.168.x.xxx. h ave a te stpage printing in a few s e conds .

W rite th is num be r dow n. Type exit to clos e th e Pre s s Next, Next, Next. Th e configuration
w indow . w indow s can us uall y be leftas th e de faults , butyou
can s e tth e m to your pe rs onalpre fe re nce s .
O n th e Linux Com pute r
Give your printe r a nam e . Pre s s Next.
O pe n K D E ControlCe nte r and go to Peripherals
-> Printers. Se l e ct-> Administration tab. Ch e ck th e s um m ary of your configuration. O nce you
W h e n as k e d, e nte r your Rootpas s w ord are s atis fie d, pre s s Finish.

Se lect-> Add. Th e printe r configuration w indow w ill Congratulations , you h ave a ne tw ork printe r
appe ar. Pre s s Next. Se l
e ct-> SMB shared configuration. Enjoy!
printer (Windows), th e n pre s s Next.

Se lectNormal account and e nte r rootas us e r. R e cy cl


ing W ord
Pre s s Next. Be l
ie ve d to be in th e publ
ic dom ain.

Ente r th e inform ation gath e re d previous l


y: Tw o ol
de r look ing l
adie s w e re trying to figure outth e
com pute rs ata l ocals tore .
workgroup name, IP address, printer
share name. Pre s s Next. W om an 1: "W h atis th atl ittl
e tras h can on th e s cre e n?"
W om an 2: "M y s on s ays th atis cal lth e 're cycl
e bin'. H e te l
ls
K D E w illbuil d th e printe r drive r databas e . (Th is tak e s m e w h e n I don'tw anta W ord docum e ntanym ore and I
de l e te it, itre al
ly goe s in th e re ."
a littl
e tim e , be patie nt.) W om an 1: "W h y in th e re cycl e th ingy?Can'tyou jus te ras e it?"
W om an 2: "O h no, W ord w oul dn'tw ork for ve ry l
ong ifI did
If your printe r doe s n'tre q uire s pe cialdrive rs , s e lect th at, I w oul d run outofbl ank page s ."
W om an 1: "W h y?"
your printe r m anufacture r and m ode l.Pre s s Next. W om an 2: "Be caus e itcl e ans th e w ords offth e page s , th e n
s e nds th e bl ank s h e e ts back to W ord s o th e y can be us e d
Se lectth e Test button. If allw e ntw e l
l,you s h ould again. Th at's w h y it's cal le d th e re cycl e bin."

19
Cre atin g Th u m b n ail
Gal l
e rie s of You r
Pictu re s
by Tim Robins on
tak e picture s w ith m y digitalcam e ra eve ry H e re 's h ow m y picture s us e d to dis play w h e n brow s ing
I tim e I ge ta ch ance to h e ad into th e
m ountains around D e nve r, CO . Lik e m ost
pe ople, I failto organize th e picture s w h e n I dow nl oad
in Konq ue ror:

th e m and th ey justaccum ulate in date -code d fol de rs


on m y com pute r.

Th atw ork e d fine for a w h ile, butI ne e de d s om e th ing


to m ak e ite as ie r to locate a favorite from am ong th e
m any I h ad accum ulate d. I w as tire d of s e arch ing
th rough individualfol de rs , and th ough tth e re m igh tbe
an e as ie r and les s tim e cons um ing w ay to do th is .

20
As you can s e e th e re w e re s om e picture s in th e m ain
folde r and oth e r folde rs containe d m ore of m y
picture s . So I w e nts e arch ing on th e m ain PCLinuxO S
forum and found a postfrom "h oustoncarl" and an
ans w e r from Salth ats h ow e d m e h ow to ach ieve it. So
h e re itis :

O pe n Konq ue ror as a fil


e m anage r (nota w e b brow s e r)
and go to th e Tools m e nu and s e l
e ct"Cre ate Im age
Gallery". A dialog box ope ns :
I e lecte d to Re curs e s ubfol
de rs as th e re w e re s eve ral
s uch folde rs in m y m ain folde r. Th atavoide d h aving to
pe rform th is proce dure on e ach fol de r s e parate ly. Next
click on th e "Th um bnails" icon be ne ath th e "Folde rs "
icon:

H e re you can s e l
e ct"Sh ow im age fil e nam e " and
"Sh ow im age file s ize ." I th e n ch os e 5 im age s pe r row ,
butyou can ch ange th atas you w is h . Nextclick on th e
"Folde rs " icon in th e l
e ftportion of th e box.

21
I staye d w ith th e de faultval ue s s h ow n. Now click on Now you h ave a ve ry profe s s ionallook ing th um bnail
th e "Cre ate " button and l e tth e function run. gallery. Note th atth e re are link s alre ady th e re to any
D e pe nding on h ow m any picture s and s ubfol de rs th e re s ubfolde rs th atexiste d in th e m ain folde r. Click on
are , th is m ay tak e s om e tim e . W h e n itcom pl e te s , th e m and you w ills e e a s im ilar th um bnaildis play for
re fre s h th e view and you w il ls e e th atyou now h ave a th e picture s in th ats ubfolde r. Click ing on any of th e
Th um bs folde r and a new fil e "im age s .h tm l." th um bnails w illope n th e fulls ize picture . Th e "back "
button w illre turn you to th e th um bnailview .

D o you h ave a w h ole s lew of baby picture s you'd lik e


to give to Grandm a and Grandpa?Try th is , th e n burn
th e top leve lfolde r and oth e r folde rs th e re in to a CD .
InstructGrandm a and Grandpa h ow to ope n th e
"im age s .h tm l" file on th e ir com pute r. Th e
Grandpare nts w illlove th is as a h ol iday or birth day
gift(or justbe caus e ...).

To s e e your new gall e ry ope n im age s .h tm lw ith your


brow s e r. I us e d Fire fox, and th is is w h atitl ook e d lik e :

Viru s Facts
Be l
ie ve d to be in th e publ
ic dom ain.

Cus tom e r: "H i, I'd l


ik e to buy a virus ."
Te ch nician: "You re al l
y don'tw anta virus on your com pute r.
W h atyou ne e d is anti-virus s oftw are ."
Cus tom e r: "No, m y s on tol d m e I ne e d a virus , and th at's
w h atI'd lik e ."
Te ch nician: "No w orrie s . You don'tne e d to buy a virus -- jus t
us e W indow s to conne ctto th e Inte rne tand it'l lh appe n."

22
Ad d in g a M e n u Ite m –
Ste p b y Ste p
by Erik M s p

o you justinstalled a new pie ce of s oftw are , System Menu, any ch ange s you m ak e w illbe
S
structure .
and itdidn'tge tadde d to th e m e nus . D on't
w orry, it's e as y to add s om e th ing to th e m e nu
vis ible to eve ryone on th e com pute r;if you s e lect
Root Menu, th ey w illonl y be vis ibl
e to you.

O pe n th e M ain M e nu. Navigate to Configuration


> Other and ch oos e Menudrake.

If you pre fe r, righ tclick on th e PCLO S logo on th e


startbar and s e l e ctMenu Editor. Since you are
aboutto m ak e a m ajor ch ange , you w illbe as k e d for
your rootpas s w ord. If you are alre ady logge d in as
root, you w illbe as k e d if you w ould l
ik e to us e th e
System Menu or th e Root Menu. If you s e l e ct

23
W h e n th e M e nu Editor ope ns , click on th e location If th e program re q uire s any options , putth e m in th e
w h e re you w oul d lik e th e new m e nu ite m to appe ar. com m and fie ld afte r th e program 's nam e . Be s ure to
Click th e Add Application button. A pop up dialog puta s pace be tw e e n th e nam e of th e program and th e
w illnow appe ar. Th e firstline w ills ay Title. Type in options . Exam ple: /us r/l ocal/program /start-option1 -
th e nam e you w ould l ik e to callth is ite m . option2. M any program s w illnotrun, or w illnotrun
corre ctl y unles s options are s pe cifie d. To find w h at
th os e m ay be and h ow to us e th e m is beyond th e s cope
of th is article. A good starting pl ace is to ope n a
te rm inaland type m an program _ nam e -h e lp.
As s um ing th e program h as a m anualinstal led (m ost
do), th is w illope n th e appropriate m anualand dis play
In th e s e cond line its ays Com m and. Click th e Brow s e th e options .
button. Now go and find th e program to run (H int:
th e re is a s m al
larrow pointing to th e l e ft, th is w ill To te stth e com m and, h igh ligh tth e textin th e
tak e you up a leve l). M ostprogram s are found in Command fie ld. and copy itto th e cl ipboard (Ctrl-C).
/us r/bin or /us r/s h are /bin. Se lectth e program th atyou Click on th e m ain m e nu and ch oos e th e Run
w antto run and th e n cl ick th e O pe n button. Th e full Command. In th e pop up dial og th atope ns , paste your
path to th e program w illnow appe ar in th e Brow s e textfrom th e clipboard (Ctrl-V). Th e Command fie l d
dial og's Com m and fie l d. in th is dialog s h ould be exactly th e s am e as th e
Exam ple: /usr/bin/kwrite. Click th e OK button. com m and fie ld in th e Menu Editor. Cl ick th e Run
Th e ful lpath to th e program w illnow appe ar in th e button.
M e nu Editor's Command fie ld. I ch os e Te ll ico, a
coll e ction m anage r.

24
If th e program runs as expe cte d, th e n you are re ady to W h e n you are s atis fie d w ith your new m e nu e ntry,
proce e d. If th e program doe s notrun, th e n you w ill click th e Save button. Be patie nt, th e s aving/updating
h ave to s ol
ve th atproblem first. Sol ving th atprobl em proce s s can tak e a w h ile. W h e n th is proce s s is
is outs ide of th e s cope of th is article. If you can'tge t finis h e d, you can clos e th e M e nu Editor. Now click on
th e program to run, th e n click Cancel in th e Menu th e M ain M e nu, find your new m e nu ite m and te stit.
Editor to avoid adding th e brok e n m e nu ite m . Your program s h ould now launch . Enjoy!

Now th atyou h ave ve rifie d th atth e com m and is valid,


you can ch ange th e icon.

In th e Menu Editor, righ tbe low th e Command PCLinu xO S M iniM e 0 .9 3a


fie ld, you w ills e e th e de faul
ticon. Click on th e icon Te xs tar announce d on Augus t9 , 2006 th e avail
abil
ity of
and an Icon Selector w il lappe ar. Ch oos e PCLinuxO S 0.9 3a M iniM e for dow nload.
s om e th ing appropriate and click OK.
PCLinuxO S M iniM e 0.9 3a is th e m inim alve rs ion ofour Live CD
for th os e w h o jus tw anta bas ic de s k top w ith outth e bl oat
all
ow ing for ful lus e r cus tom iz ation. Sim pl
y putth e CD into your
CD or DVD drive and run itin l ive m ode w ith oute ve r touch ing
anyth ing on your com pute r. In addition to th e Live CD m ode you
can al s o s ave your ch ange s to a us b k e y dis k .

PCLinuxO S M iniM e can be ins tal le d to your com pute r by s im pl y


click ing on th e ins tal
licon on th e de s k top and us ing th e e as y to
follow ins tructions provide d you l ik e PCLinuxO S and itruns w e l l
on your com pute r.

Afte r h ard drive ins tal


lation, you can acce s s ove r 5000 program s
to fully cus tom iz e your de s k top th e w ay YO U w ant.

PCLinuxO S M iniM e com e s w ith th e l ate s t2.6.16.27 k e rne l


,a
bas ic K DE 3.5.3 de s k top, CD Ins tal
le r, Synaptic Softw are
M anage r and ControlCe nte r.

25
A M u stH ave Book m ark s
for AllNe w b ie s
Locate d ath ttp://w w w .pcl
inuxos .com /forum /index.ph p?topic=12882.0

h e follow ing are h e lpfullink s found on th e PCLO S com m u nity


T
found on:
m ain PCLO S Forum . Itw as starte d by
s m ilee b on Nove m be r 5, 2006, Itcan be Forum rul es:
h ttp://w w w .pcl
inuxos .com /forum /inde x.ph p?topic=2401.0

H ow to re q ue s ta pack age :
h ttp://w w w .pclinuxos .com /forum /inde x.ph p?topic=29 9 .0

W ik i h om e : h ttp://w w w .pcl
inuxonl
ine .com /w ik i/H om e Page
Th e s e book m ark s w il
lm ak e ite as ie r for m any
new com e rs to Linux. Th ey cove r a w ide range of Com m unity Proje cts : h ttp://w w w .m ypcl
inuxos .com
topics and vary from ve ry bas ic to advance d. If you
PCLinuxO S M agaz ine :
k now of any oth e r us e fullink s th atw e h ave n't h ttp://w w w .m ag.m ypcl
inuxos .com
incl ude d, pleas e postth e m to th e originalth re ad or
s e nd th e m to PCLinuxO S M agazine . PCLinuxO S Fan Site : h ttp://w w w .th e l
ove ofl
inux.com /

26
Graph ics for Linux: h ttp://w w w .l
infx.com /joom l
a/inde x.ph p Configuration fil es:
h ttp://w w w .tuxfil
e s .org/l
inuxh e l
p/fs tab.h tm l
Ge ne ralLinu x s ite s
H and h ol
d tutorial
s : h ttp://h ands onh ow to.com /
Ch e ck PCLO S's rank ing: h ttp://w w w .dis trow atch .com /
Inde x of/pub/Linux/docs /H O W TO :
Linux ne w s , articl
e s : h ttp://w w w .ne w s forge .com / h ttp://w w w .ibibl
io.org/pub/Linux/docs /H O W TO /

Linu x Foru m s Linux Tips : h ttp://w w w .brunol


inux.com /

Popul ar dis tro ne utralh e lp forum : Fulll


is tofh e l
p: h ttp://w w w .l
inux.com /h ow tos /H O W TO -
h ttp://w w w .l
inuxq ue s tions .org/h cl
/ INDEX/inde x.s h tm l

O riginalconte nt: h ttp://w w w .tuxm ach ine s .org/ H el


p by cate gory: h ttp://w w w .l
inux.com /h ow tos /H O W TO -
INDEX/cate gorie s .s h tm l
Linu x Book s
Lis tofguide s : h ttp://w w w .l
inux.com /guide s .tm pl
LinuxBas ics .org h e l
p & info: h ttp://l
inuxbas ics .org/
Th e Linux Tutorial
: h ttp://w w w .l
inux-tutorial
.info/
101: h ttp://w w w .l
inuxbas ics .org/cours e /book /inde x
Com m and l
ine
101: h ttp://w w w .te ch book s forfre e .com /l
inux.s h tm l
Bas ic l inux com m ands /Linux/docs /:
101: h ttp://w w w .l
inuxne w bie guide .org/ch apinfo.ph p h ttp://w w w .re al
lyl
inux.com /docs /bas ic.s h tm l

Linu x Gu id e s Unix/Linux com m ands : h ttp://w w w .l


inuxcom m and.org/

Linux docum e ntation proje ct: h ttp://tl


dp.org/ Unix/Linux com m ands :
h ttp://rute .2038bug.com /inde x.h tm l
.gz
H uge l is tofH O W TO s :
h ttp://w w w .tl
dp.org/H O W TO /H O W TO - 'Linux in a nuts h e ll
' com m ands :
INDEX/h ow tos .h tm l h ttp://w w w .l
inuxde vce nte r.com /l
inux/cm d/

27
M anualfor Linux com m ands : Find Linux native apps : h ttp://l
inuxappfinde r.com /al
l
h ttp://w w w .die .ne t/doc/l
inux/m an/
Tabl e ofe q uivale ntapps : h ttp://w w w .l
inuxrs p.ru/w in-l
in-
Com m on Linu x s u b je cts s oft/tabl
e -e ng.h tm l

Grub bootl oade r: Vas tcol l


e ction ofope n s ource proje ct:
h ttp://us e rs .bigpond.ne t.au/h e rm anz one /p15.h tm h ttp://s ource forge .ne t/

LILO bootl oade r h ow to: W ind ow s S W u nd e r W ine


h ttp://tl
dp.org/H O W TO /LILO .h tm l
W ine H Q, w indow s app com patibil ity databas e :
SM B H ow to s h are fil
e s & printe rs : h ttp://appdb.w ine h q .org/appbrow s e .ph p
h ttp://tl
dp.org/H O W TO /SM B-H O W TO .h tm l
#toc2
W in Apps us ing W ine : h ttp://frank s corne r.org/inde x.ph p
Unde rs tanding fs tab:
h ttp://w w w .tuxfil
e s .org/l
inuxh e l
p/fs tab.h tm l H W & D rive rs
Fil e Pe rm is s ions in Linux: Linux H ardw are Com patibil ity Lis ts & Linux Drive rs :
h ttp://w w w .z z e e .com /s ol
utions /l
inux-pe rm is s ions .s h tm l h ttp://w w w .l
inux-drive rs .org/

PCLinuxO S on pe ndrive : Linux H ardw are Com patibil ity H O W TO :


h ttp://w w w .pe ndrive l
inux.com /2006/09 /19 /al
l-in-one -us b- h ttp://tl
dp.org/H O W TO /H ardw are -H O W TO /
pcl inuxos -m inim e z ip/
H ardw are Databas e : h ttp://w w w .th e l
ove ofl
inux.com
Auto m ounttutorial(advance d): h ttp://w w w .l
inux-
tutorial
.info/m odul
e s .ph p?nam e =Tutorial& page id=153 M e m ory, m oth e rboard & dis k drive ve ndor diagnos tics :
h ttp://w w w .ul
tim ate bootcd.com /
Sudo m anual :
h ttp://w w w .courte s an.com /s udo/m an/s udo.h tm l K D E s ite s & proje cts
Native Linu x S W Eve ry th ing K DE: h ttp://w w w .k de .org/

Find Linux native apps : h ttp://w w w .l


inux.org/apps / K DE w al
lpape rs , th e m e s e tc: h ttp://w w w .k de -l
ook .org/

28
IS O d ow nl
oad s
K O ffice h om e : h ttp://w w w .k office .org/
PCLinuxO S ve rs ion info & m irrors :
K onq ue ror h om e : h ttp://w w w .k onq ue ror.org/ h ttp://w w w .pcl
inuxos .com /page .ph p?7

O S S proje cts Late s tbittorre nts : h ttp://l


inuxtrack e r.org/

Th e Linux K e rne lArch ive s : h ttp://k e rne l


.org Bittorre nts ofPCLinuxO S & re m as te rs :
h ttp://l
inuxtrack e r.org/brow s e .ph p?cat=262
Gnom e h om e : h ttp://w w w .gnom e .org/
Th e Linux M irror Proje ct/Dis tribution torre nts :
M oz il
la h om e : h ttp://w w w .m oz il
la.org/ h ttp://tl
m -proje ct.org/publ
ic/dis tributions /

O pe noffice .org h om e : h ttp://w w w .ope noffice .org/ PCLinu xO S R PM re pos itory & IS O m irrors
Qe m u proce s s or e m ul ation: h ttp://dis tro.ibibl
io.org/pub/l
inux/dis tributions /te xs tar/pcl
inuxos /
h ttp://fabrice .be l
lard.fre e .fr/q e m u/
ftp://ftp-l
inux.cc.gate ch .e du/pub/m e tal
ab/dis tributions /te xs tar/
O S S O rganizations
h ttp://ftp.uw s g.indiana.e du/l
inux/pcl
inuxos /pcl
inuxos /
Us e fulinfo & l
ink s : h ttp://w w w .gnu.org/
h ttp://ftp.s urfne t.nl
/ftp/pub/os /Linux/dis tr/te xs tar/pcl
inuxos /
Fre e s oftw are foundation: h ttp://w w w .fs f.org/
h ttp://ftp.be l
ne t.be /l
inux/pcl
inuxos /
Fre e De s k top.org (bridging K DE-Gnom e -oth e rs ):
h ttp://w w w .fre e de s k top.org/w ik i/ S pe cialre pos itorie s
Proprie tary re s ou rce s Note : th e l ink s in th is s e ction m us tbe pl ace d into
Synaptic, Settings > Repositories. Cl ick th e Ne w
VM W are VirtualM ach ine s : h ttp://w w w .vm w are .com / button and ins e rtth e inform ation into th e th re e boxe s as
s h ow n. Be s ure you do NO T l e ave th e s e s pe cial
Cre ate virtualm ach ine s for VM Pl
aye r: re pos itorie s s e l
e cte d w h e n pe rform ing a s ys te m
h ttp://e as yvm x.com / upgrade /update .

29
M ul tim e dia, Xfce 4.39 & m ore : W h o s aid th at: h ttp://w w w .brainyq uote .com /
h ttp://rpm .nyval ls .s e /pcl
inuxos /2004 th ac th ac.xorg
Bu y ing H W
Ve ndor Com paris on: h ttp://w w w .price w atch .com /

Font Prob l
em
Be l
ie ve d to be in th e publ
ic dom ain.

Te ch Support: "W h ats e e m s to be th e probl e m ?"


Cus tom e r: "W h e n I ch ange m y fonts iz e s , th e le tte rs ch ange
s iz e ."

Be Patie nt!
Be l
ie ve d to be in th e publ
ic dom ain.

Ne w bie : "Th e com pute r you h ave w ork s , righ t?"


Expe rt: "Ye s , it's brand ne w , w h y?"
Ne w bie : "W e llI w as w onde ring ifI coul d putm ine l ik e th at."
K e rne ls: Expe rt: "W h atdo you m e an?"
h ttp://pcl inuxfil
e s .com /ocil
e nt1/apt/pcl
os /2005 oci Ne w bie : "W e llth e big box, it's on th e w rong s ide ."
Expe rt: "W h atbig box?"
IS O CD s Ne w bie : (pointing to th e CPU cas e ) "Th atone ."
Expe rt: "I don'tk now w h atyou m e an."
O fficialPCLinuxO S CDs : h ttp://w w w .on-dis k .com / Ne w bie : "W e llm ine is on th e righ t."
Expe rt: "Itdoe s n'tm atte r w h ich s ide it's on, as long as th e
S and b ox cable re ach e s ."
Ne w bie : "Re al ly?"
Nice re fe re nce for dis cus s ions : Expe rt: "Re al l
y."
h ttp://e n.w ik ipe dia.org/w ik i/M ain_ Page Ne w bie : "So th atm e ans I can putth e printe r anyw h e re too?"
Expe rt: (ch uck l ing) "Ye ah ."

30
D IS CLAIM ER
1. Al lth e conte nts ofPCLinuxO S M agaz ine (h ttp://m ag.M yPCLinuxO S.com ), are inte nde d for ge ne ralinform ation and/or us e
onl y. Such conte nts do notcons titute advice and s h oul d notbe re lie d upon in m ak ing (or re fraining from m ak ing) any de cis ion.
Any s pe cific advice or re pl ie s to q ue rie s in any partofth e m agaz ine is /are th e pe rs onalopinion(s ) ofs uch
e xpe rts /cons ultants /pe rs ons and are nots ubs cribe d to by PCLinuxO S M agaz ine .

2. Th e inform ation in PCLinuxO S M agaz ine (h ttp://m ag.M yPCLinuxO S.com ), is provide d on an "AS IS" bas is , and al l
w arrantie s e xpre s s e d or im pl
ie d, ofany k ind, re garding any m atte r pe rtaining to any inform ation, advice or re pl
ie s , are
dis cl
aim e d and e xcl ude d.

3. PCLinuxO S M agaz ine (h ttp://m ag.M yPCLinuxO S.com ), and its as s ociate s s h al lnotbe l iabl e , atany tim e for dam age s
(incl uding, w ith outlim itation, dam age s for los s ofany k ind) aris ing in contract, tort, or oth e rw is e from th e us e of, or inabil ity to
us e , th e m agaz ine or any ofits conte nts , or from any action tak e n (or re fraine d from be ing tak e n) as a re s ul tofus ing th e
m agaz ine or any s uch conte nts or for fail ure ofpe rform ance , e rror, om is s ion, inte rruption, de l e tion, de fe ct, de lay in ope ration or
trans m is s ion, com pute r virus , com m unications l ine fail
ure , th e ftor de s truction or unauth oriz e d acce s s to, al te ration of, or us e
of, inform ation containe d in th e m agaz ine .

4. No re pre s e ntation, w arrantie s , or guarante e s w h ats oe ve r are m ade as to th e accuracy, ade q uacy, re l
iabil
ity, com pl
e te ne s s ,
s uitabil
ity, or appl icability ofth e inform ation to a particul ar s ituation.

5. Ce rtain link s on th e m agaz ine le ad to re s ource s l


ocate d on oth e r s e rve rs m aintaine d by th ird partie s ove r w h om PCLinuxO S
M agaz ine (h ttp://m ag.M yPCLinuxO S.com ) h as no controlor conne ction, bus ine s s or oth e rw is e . Th e s e s ite s are e xte rnalto
PCLinuxO S M agaz ine (h ttp://m ag.M yPCLinuxO S.com ) and by vis iting th e s e , you are doing s o ofyour ow n accord and as s um e
allre s pons ibility for s uch action.

M ate rialSu b m itte d b y U s e rs


A m ajority ofs e ctions in th e m agaz ine contain m ate rial
s s ubm itte d by us e rs . PCLinuxO S M agaz ine
(h ttp://m ag.M yPCLinuxO S.com ) acce pts no re s pons ibil ity for th e conte nt, accuracy, and conform ity to appl
icabl
e l
aw s ofs uch
m ate rial .

Entire Agre e m e nt
Th e s e ite m s cons titute th e e ntire agre e m e ntbe tw e e n th e partie s w ith re s pe ctto th e s ubje ctm atte r h e re of, and s upe rs e de s
and re pl ace s allprior or conte m porane ous unde rs tandings or agre e m e nts , w ritte n or oral , re garding s uch s ubje ctm atte r.

31