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Experiment 1: The Serial Interface

ECE513L 1​st​ Term, A.Y. 2016 – 2017

Antoni Martiniano A. Acuzar, Clarence Daniel M. Alipor, Krizza Carmella G. Berden, Gennie Mari P. Brul, Alsace
Nicole R. Cablar
Group 1, Section 5ECE-E, Electronics Engineering (ECE) Department
Faculty of Engineering, University of Santo Tomas (UST), Manila, Philippines​, ​​, ​​, ​​,​,

​ The modem is an acronym which stands for modulator and demodulator. In data communications, modems are devices
that converts the digital signals coming from DTE to a form suited for long distance communications which is dependent on the
transmission media used. Modems are also classified as asynchronous and synchronous based on the transmission mode.

Index terms - Modem


A null modem is a cable that is used to allow two RS232 or serial DTE devices to be able to communicate with each other without using a
modem or a DCE device in between.For the communication to happen, the Transmit Data (TD) pin of one device needs to be connected to the
Receive Data (RD) pin of the other. To enable handshaking, the Request to Send (RTS) pin of one device should be connected to the Clear to
Send (CTS) pin of the other device. These pins are to be crossed on the two cable terminals, thus the other name "crossover cable."




Table 3.1 Cable Wire Map

DCE Cable DTE Cable

Procedure Questions Data


3.3 Data Transfer

5 What are the UST

appearing on

6 Does the sent UST1.txt

file received
by PC2? What
is the filename

7 Calculate the 36 s
time it takes to
transfer a
2MB file from
PC1 to PC2

9 What It requires
happened after the same file
sending the name to be
file using the sent
1K X Modem

3.4 Mode Protocols

2 What It requires to
happened after create new
selecting filename for
receive in the received
PC1? file.

2 What 400
appears on

What is the UST1.txt



In table 3.1, it shows that there is continuity on several pins on both the DTE and DCE side. It shows that the connected pins are the
same on both the DTE and DCE cable. DB 25 pin numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 20 tested positive on the continuity testing on DB 9 pins 3,
2, 7, 8, 6, 5, 1 and 4 respectively. It is the same for both the DTE and DCE cable.

In table 3.2 the voltage of each DTE and DCE pins with respect to ground is measured. Pin 7 is the designated signal ground. Based
on the student's measurements all of the measured voltages are negative. The most common voltage measured is -3.620 volts on both the DTE
and DCE cables. The range of the measured voltage is from -1 volt to -10 volts.

In table 3.3 the active or ON status of the pins on both the DTE and DCE sides is determined. The On state on the green side on both
the DTE and DCE cable are pins 2,4 and 20. The On state on the red side of both the DTE and DCE cable are pins 3, 5, 6, 7, and 8.