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Tornillo (/tɔːrˈniːjoʊ/ tor-NEE-yoh) is a census-designated place (CDP) and border

town in El Paso County, Texas, United States. The population was 1,568 at the 2010
census.[3] It is part of the El Paso Metropolitan Statistical Area. The Tornillo and Guadalupe,
Chihuahua, area is connected by the Fabens–Caseta International Bridge.
The town is the home of Sonic Ranch, the world's largest residential recording complex. In
June 2018, the US government opened a tent city detention camp for migrant children at
the Marcelino Serna Port of Entry on the Mexican border in Tornillo. The ZIP
Codes encompassing the CDP area are 79838 and 79853.[4]

Contents

 1Geography
o 1.1Climate
 2Demographics
 3Education
 4History
 5References

Geography[edit]
Tornillo is located at 31°26′22″N 106°5′44″W (31.439308, -106.095580).[5]
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 3.4 square
miles (8.8 km2), all of it land.
The city is located on State Highway 20 and the Southern Pacific Railroad.[6]

Climate[edit]
According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Tornillo has a semi-arid climate,
abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps.[7] Temperatures reach an average high of 96°F and
average low of 62°F in June, and an average high of 59°F and average low of 28°F in
December. The annual average rainfall is 9.25 inches.[8]

Demographics[edit]
As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 1,609 people, 394 households, and 366 families
residing in the CDP. The population density was 470.4 people per square mile (181.6/km²).
There were 437 housing units at an average density of 127.8/sq mi (49.3/km²). The racial
makeup of the CDP was 97.2% White, 0.56% Native American, 1.58% from other races,
and 0.68% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino were 99.13% of the population.
There were 394 households out of which 67.0% had children under the age of 18 living with
them, 73.1% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with
no husband present, and 6.9% were non-families. 6.6% of all households were made up of
individuals and 2.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The
average household size was 4.08 and the average family size was 4.27.
In the CDP, the population was spread out with 44.0% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18
to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 11.9% from 45 to 64, and 5.2% who were 65 years of age or
older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.7 males. For
every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.3 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $19,514, and the median income for a
family was $20,329. Males had a median income of $16,955 versus $15,761 for females.
The per capita income for the CDP was $5,778. About 36.6% of families and 36.8% of the
population were below the poverty line, including 40.4% of those under age 18 and 40.2%
of those age 65 or over.
Celebrity former residents include Pro Jockey Willie Shoemaker and Los Angeles radio
personality Jamey Karr.

Education[edit]
Tornillo is served by the Tornillo Independent School District.

History[edit]
Tornillo was first platted in 1909 by a group of businessmen from El Paso, Texas who had
formed the Tornillo Townsite Company.[6] The first post office in the town opened the same
year.[6]Tornillo became the first agricultural area to be approved as part of the Rio Grande
Irrigation Project after 1916.[6] Cotton became the main crop in the region, however, by
1970, pecans were also a major agricultural crop in the area.[6]

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