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Table of Contents

Course Overview
Course Introduction for Instructors
Section 1.1: Security Overview
Section 1.2: Using the Simulator
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Section 2.1: Access Control Models
Section 2.2: Authentication
Section 2.3: Authorization
Section 2.4: Access Control Best Practices
Section 2.5: Active Directory Overview
Section 2.6: Windows Domain Users and Groups
Section 2.7: Linux Users
Section 2.8: Linux Groups
Section 2.9: Linux User Security
Section 2.10: Group Policy Overview
Section 2.11: Hardening Authentication 1
Section 2.12: Hardening Authentication 2
Section 2.13: Remote Access
Section 2.14: Network Authentication
Section 2.15: Identity Management
----------------------------------
Section 3.1: Cryptography
Section 3.2: Hashing
Section 3.3: Symmetric Encryption
Section 3.4: Asymmetric Encryption
Section 3.5: Public Key Infrastructure (PKI)Section 3.6: Cryptographic Implementations
----------------------------------
Section 4.1: Security Policies
Section 4.2: Manageable Network Plan
Section 4.3: Business Continuity
Section 4.4: Risk Management
Section 4.5: Incident Response
Section 4.6: Social Engineering
Section 4.7: Certification and Accreditation
Section 4.8: Development
Section 4.9: Employee Management
Section 4.10: Third-Party Integration
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Section 5.1: Physical Security
Section 5.2: Hardware Security
Section 5.3: Environmental Controls
Section 5.4: Mobile Devices
Section 5.5: Mobile Device Security Enforcement
Section 5.6: Telephony
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Section 6.1: Networking Layer Protocol Review
Section 6.2: Transport Layer Protocol Review
Section 6.3: Perimeter Attacks 1
Section 6.4: Perimeter Attacks 2
Section 6.5: Security Appliances
Section 6.6: Demilitarized Zones (DMZ)
Section 6.7: Firewalls
Section 6.8: Network Address Translation (NAT)
Section 6.9: Virtual Private Networks (VPN)
Section 6.10: Web Threat Protection
Section 6.11: Network Access Control (NAC)
Section 6.12: Wireless Overview
Section 6.13: Wireless Attacks
Section 6.14: Wireless Defenses
----------------------------------
Section 7.1: Network Devices
Section 7.2: Network Device Vulnerabilities
Section 7.3: Switch Attacks
Section 7.4: Router Security
Section 7.5: Switch Security
Section 7.6: Intrusion Detection and Prevention
Section 7.7: SAN Security
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Section 8.1: Malware
Section 8.2: Password Attacks
Section 8.3: Windows System Hardening
Section 8.4: Hardening Enforcement
Section 8.5: File Server Security
Section 8.6: Linux Host Security
Section 8.7: Static Environment Security
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Section 9.1: Web Application Attacks
Section 9.2: Internet Browsers
Section 9.3: E-mail
Section 9.4: Network Applications
Section 9.5: Virtualization
Section 9.6: Application Development
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Section 10.1: Redundancy
Section 10.2: Backup and Restore
Section 10.3: File Encryption
Section 10.4: Secure Protocols
Section 10.5: Cloud Computing
----------------------------------
Section 11.1: Vulnerability Assessment
Section 11.2: Penetration Testing
Section 11.3: Protocol Analyzers
Section 11.4: Log Management
Section 11.5: Audits
----------------------------------
Security Pro Practice Exams
Security+ Practice Exams
SSCP Practice Exams
Appendix A: Approximate Time for the Course
Appendix B: Security Pro 2014 Changes
Appendix C: Security Pro Objectives
Course Overview
This course prepares students for TestOut’s Security Pro, CompTIA’s Security+, and (ISC)2's
SSCP certification exams.
Module 1 – Introduction
This module introduces the students to the challenges of protecting electronic information
and using the LabSim simulator.
Module 2 – Access Control and Identity Management
In this module students will learn concepts about controlling access to system resources.
They will learn the access control models, terminology, best practices, tools, and remote and
network considerations to controlling access.
Module 3 – Cryptography
This module teaches the students about cryptographic attacks and the tools to ensure data
integrity. They will learn about hashing, symmetric and asymmetric encryption, and
certificates. Methods of implementing cryptography are also presented.
Module 4 – Policies, Procedures, and Awareness
This module discusses security policies, procedures and security awareness. Students will
learn security classification levels, documents, business continuity plans, risk management
considerations, incident response, trusted computing, software development concerns, and
management of employees.
Module 5 – Physical Security
This module examines the fundamentals of physically securing access to facilities and
computer systems, protecting a computer system with proper environmental conditions and
fire-suppression systems, and securing mobile devices and telephony transmissions.
Module 6 – Perimeter Defenses
In this module students will learn concepts about perimeter defenses to increase network
security. Topics covered will include types of perimeter attacks, security zones and devices,
configuring a DMZ, firewalls, NAT router, VPNs, protections against web threats, Network
Access Protection (NAP) and security for wireless networks.
Module 7 – Network Defenses
This module discusses network device vulnerabilities and defenses, providing security for a
router and switch, and implementing intrusion monitoring and prevention.
Module 8 – Host Defenses
In this module students will learn about the types of malware and how to protect against
them, protecting against password attacks, recommendations for hardening a Windows
system, configuring GPOs to enforce security, managing file system security, and procedures
to increase network security of a Linux system.
Module 9 – Application Defenses
This module discusses basic concepts of securing web applications from attacks, fortifying
the internet browser, securing e-mail from e-mail attacks, concerns about networking
software, and security considerations when using a virtual machine.
Module 10 – Data Defenses
This module discusses the elements of securing data, such as, implementing redundancy
through RAID, proper management of backups and restores, file encryption, implementing
secure protocols, and cloud computing.
Module 11 – Assessments and Audits
This module examines tools that can be used to test and monitor the vulnerability of systems
and logs that provide a system manager to track and audit a variety of events on a system.
Practice Exams
In Practice Exams students will have the opportunity to test themselves and verify that they
understand the concepts and are ready to take the certification exam. The practice exams are
divided into three separate areas and will contain examples of the types of questions that a
student will find on the actual exam:

 Security Pro Certification Practice Exams


 Security+ Practice Exams
 SSCP Practice Exams
Course Introduction for Instructors
CompTIA’s Security+ certification is an international, vendor-neutral certification that
verifies the student can apply knowledge to applying security concepts, tools and procedures
to react to security incidents. Security+ Exam SY0-401(2014 edition) covers general
knowledge of security concepts, threats, and tools.

 Network Security
 Compliance and Operational Security
 Threats and Vulnerabilities
 Application, Data and Host Security
 Access Control and Identity Management
 Cryptography
The objectives for CompTIA’s Security+ objectives are listed in www.comptia.org.

(ISC)2’s SSCP certification (2012 edition) ensures students have the skills to safeguard
against threats and the knowledge to apply security concepts, tools, and procedures. The
following knowledge domains are addressed:

 Access Control
 Security Operations & Administration
 Monitoring and Analysis
 Risk, Response, and Recovery
 Cryptography
 Networks and Communications
 Malicious Code and Attacks

The objectives for (ISC)2 SSCP objectives are listed inwww.isc2.org

Section 1.1: Security Overview


Summary

 Security challenges:
o Sophistication of attacks
o Proliferation of attack software
o Scale and velocity of attacks
 Common security terms:
o Confidentiality
o Integrity
o Availability
o Non-repudiation
 CIA of Security
 Key Security Components:
o Physical security
o Users and administrators
o Policies
 Risk Management items to take into account:
o Asset
o Threat
o Threat agent
o Vulnerability
o Exploit
 Types of threat agents:
o Employee
o Spy
o Hacker
 Steps of attack strategies:
o Reconnaissance
o Breach
o Escalate privileges
o Stage
o Exploit
 Defense methodologies:
o Layering
o Principle of least privilege
o Variety
o Randomness
o Simplicity
Lecture Focus Questions:
 What challenges does a security professional face?
 What is the difference between integrity and non-repudiation?
 What process provides confidentiality by converting data into a form that it is
unlikely to be usable by an unintended recipient?
 What are the three main goals of the CIA of Security?
 Which security expression refers to verifying that someone is who they say they are?
 What are key components of risk management?
 What are three types of threat agents?
Video/Demo Time

1.1.1 Security Challenges 8:22


1.1.2 Security Roles and Concepts 5:36
1.1.3 Threat Agent Types 8:20
1.1.5 General Attack Strategy 8:51
1.1.6 General Defense Strategy 18:25

Total 49:34
Number of Exam Questions
12 questions
Total Time
About 70 minutes
Section 1.2: Using the Simulator
Summary
This section introduces the student to the TestOut simulator, which is used in most of the lab
exercises throughout the course. Students will become familiar with the:

 Scenario
 Main Bench
 Shelf
 Selected Component
 Processes to complete labs
 Elements of the Score Report

Students will learn how to:


 Read simulated component documentation and view components to make appropriate
choices to meet the scenario.
 Add and remove simulated computer components.
 Change views to view and add simulated components.
 Use the zoom feature to view additional image details.
 Attach simulated cables.
 Use the simulation interface to identify where simulated cables connect to the
computer.
Video/Demo Time

1.2.1 Using the Simulator 13:19


Lab/Activity
 Configure a Security Appliance
 Install a Security Appliance
Total Time
About 25 minutes
Section 2.1: Access Control Models
Summary
This section discusses access control models. Basics discussed include:

 Access control involves:


o Objects
o Subjects
o System
 Processes of the access control:
o Identification
o Authentication
o Authorization
o Auditing (also referred to as accounting)
 Access controls can be classified according to the function they perform:
o Preventive
o Detective
o Corrective
o Deterrent
o Recovery
o Compensative
 Access control measures to restrict or control access:
o Administrative
o Technical
o Physical
 Directory services
 Common access control models:
o Mandatory Access Control (MAC)
o Discretionary Access Control (DAC)
o Role-Based Access Control (RBAC)
o Rule Set-Based Access Control (RSBAC)
o Federated Access Control
 Discretionary access controls
 Access control models
 Academic security models:
o Bell-LaPadula
o Biba
o Clark-Wilson
o State machine
o Brewer and Nash Module/Chinese Wall
o Take-Grant
o Combination models
Students will learn how to:

 Implement DAC by configuring a discretionary access control list (DACL).


Security Pro Exam Objectives:
 5.1 Harden Network Devices (using a Cisco Small Business Switch).
o Implement access lists, deny everything else
Lecture Focus Questions:
 What is access control and why is it important?
 How does the Discretionary Access Control (DAC) provide access control?
 What type of entries does the Discretionary Access Control List (DACL) contain?
 What is the function of each of the two types of labels used by the Mandatory Access
Control (MAC) access model?
 What is the difference between role-based access control and rule-based access
control?
 How are Rule-Based Access Control and Mandatory Access Control (MAC) similar?
 In security terms, what does AAA refer to?

Video/Demo Time

2.1.1 Access Control Models 3:38


2.1.5 Implementing Discretionary Access Control 6:09
Total 9:47
Number of Exam Questions
15 questions
Total Time
About 30 minutes
Section 2.2: Authentication
Summary
In this section students will learn the basics of identification and authentication. Concepts
covered in this section include:

 Ways a User can prove identity to an authentication server:


o Type 1 Something you know
o Type 2 Something you have
o Type 3 Something you are
o Type 4 Somewhere you are
o Type 5 Something you do
 Terms used to measure the effective of authentication solutions:
o False negative
o False positive
o Crossover error rate
o Processing rate
 Authentication methods used to increase security:
o Two-factor
o Three-factor
o Multi-factor
o Strong
o One-factor
o Mutual
 Considerations when implementing biometrics
 Single Sign-on (SSO) authentication:
o Advantages of SSO
o Disadvantages of SSO
 SSO solutions:
o Kerberos
o Secure European System for Applications in a Multi-Vendor Environment
(SESAME)
o Directory services

Students will learn how to:


 Use a biometric scanner to enroll (record) fingerprints that can be used for
authentication.
 Configure fingerprint settings to automate execution of an application.
 Use single sign-on to access all authorized resources on the network.
Lecture Focus Questions:
 What is the difference between authentication and identification?
 Which authentication type is the most common?
 Which form of authentication is generally considered the strongest?
 What is the difference between synchronous and asynchronous token devices?
 Which type of biometric processing error is more serious, a false positive or a false
negative? Why?
 What is the difference between strong authentication, two-factor authentication, and
multi-factor authentication?
 What are the main advantages of SSO authentication? Disadvantages?
Video/Demo Time

2.2.1 Authentication Part 1 11:26


2.2.2 Authentication Part 2 8:53
2.2.4Using a Biometric Scanner 3:49
2.2.5 Using Single Sign-on 12:20

Total 36:28
Number of Exam Questions
15 questions
Total Time
About 60 minutes
Section 2.3: Authorization
Summary
This section examines using authorization to control access to resources. Concepts covered
include:

 Types of NTFS access lists:


o Discretionary Access Control List (DACL)
o System Access Control List (SACL)
 The role of a security principal
 Types of permission:
o Effective Permissions
o Deny Permissions
o Cumulative Permissions

Students will learn how to:


 Create a group and add members to the group.
 Examine the elements of an access token using whoami /all.
 After changes to user privileges, gain access to newly assigned resources by creating
a new access token (logging on again).
Lecture Focus Questions:
 What three types of information make up an access token?
 How is the access token used to control access to resources?
 On a Microsoft system, when is the access token generated?
 What types of objects are considered security principals?
 What is the difference between a discretionary access control list (DACL) and a
system access control list (SACL)?
Video/Demo Time

2.3.1 Authorization 5:15


2.3.2 Cumulative Access 9:37
2.3.4 Examining the Access Token 9:08
Total 24:00
Number of Exam Questions
4 questions
Total Time
About 30 minutes

Section 2.4: Access Control Best Practices


Summary
This section provides information about best practices to control access to system resources.
Concepts covered include:

 Security practices:
o Principle of least privilege
o Need to know
o Separation of duties
o Job rotation
o Defense-in-depth
 Creeping privileges
 Precautions to avoid creeping privileges
 End-of-life procedures for media

Students will learn how to:


 Enable and disable User Account Control (UAC).
 Use alternate credentials to run programs that require elevated privileges.
Security Pro Exam Objectives:
 5.1 Harden Network Devices (using a Cisco Small Business Switch).
o Implement access lists, deny everything else
Lecture Focus Questions:
 What is the difference between implicit deny and explicit allow?
 What is the difference between implicit deny and explicit deny? Which is the
strongest?
 How does implementing the principle of separation of duties increase the security in
an organization?
 What aspects of security does job rotation provide?
 How do creeping privileges occur?
Video/Demo Time

2.4.1 Access Control Best Practices 3:12


2.4.3 Viewing Implicit Deny 10:13

Total 13:25
Number of Exam Questions
12 questions
Total Time
About 30 minutes
Section 2.5: Active Directory Overview
Summary
This section provides an overview of Active Directory. Concepts covered include:

 Active Directory components:


o Domain
o Trees and Forests
o Organizational Unit (OU)
o Generic Containers
o Objects
o Domain Controller

Students will learn how to:

 Open and navigate the Active Directory Users and Computers dialog.
 Distinguish between Organizational Unit (OU) and folder resources.
 View and edit user and group account properties.
Lecture Focus Questions:

 What is the purpose of a domain?


 What is the difference between a tree and a forest?
 How do Organizational Units (OUs) simplify administration of security?
 What are the advantages of a hierarchical directory database over a flat file database?
Video/Demo Time

2.5.1 Active Directory Introduction 9:04


2.5.2 Active Directory Structure 9:24
2.5.3 Viewing Active Directory 8:05

Total 26:33
Number of Exam Questions
3 questions
Total Time
About 30 minutes
Section 2.6: Windows Domain Users and
Groups
Summary
This section discusses managing Windows domain users and groups. Concepts covered
include:

 User Account Management:


o Creating users
o Recommendations of managing user accounts
o Directory object attributes
o Managing users as groups

Students will learn how to:

 Create domain user accounts.


 Modify user account properties, including changing logon and password settings in
the user account.
 Rename a user account.
 Reset a user account password and unlock the account.
 Enable and disable an account.
Security Pro Exam Objectives:

 1.1 Create, modify, and delete user profiles.


o Manage Windows Domain Users and Groups
 Create, rename, and delete users and groups
 Lock and unlock user accounts
 Assign users to appropriate groups
 Change a user's password
 1.2 Harden authentication.
o Configure the Domain GPO to control local administrator group membership
and Administrator password
Lecture Focus Questions:

 What is the purpose of a domain?


 What is the difference between a disabled, locked out, or expired user account?
 What is the best way to handle a user's account when an employee quits the company
and will be replaced by a new employee in the near future?
 What are the recommendations for using a template user account?
 What properties of a user account do not get duplicated when you copy the user?
Video/Demo Time

2.6.1 Creating User Accounts 4:50


2.6.2 Managing User Account Properties 7:45
2.6.5 Managing Groups 5:05
Total 17:40
Lab/Activity
 Create User Accounts
 Manage User Accounts
 Create a Group
 Create Global Groups
Number of Exam Questions
5 questions
Total Time
About 50 minutes
Section 2.7: Linux Users
Summary
This section examines managing Linux users. Concepts covered include:

 Options for storing Linux user and group information


 Files used when files are stored in the local file system:
o /etc/passwd
o /etc/shadow
o /etc/group
o /etc/gshadow
 Configuration files used when managing user accounts:
o /etc/default/useradd
o /etc/login.defs
o /etc/skel
 Manage user accounts with the following commands:
o useradd
o passwd
o usermod
o userdel

Students will learn how to:

 Create, rename, lock, and unlock a user account.


 Change a user's password.
 Rename or remove a user account.
Security Pro Exam Objectives:

 1.1 Create, modify, and delete user profiles.


o Manage Linux Users and Groups
 Create, rename, and delete users and groups
 Assign users to appropriate groups
 Lock and unlock user accounts
 Change a user's password
Lecture Focus Questions:

 Which directory contains configuration file templates that are copied into a new
user's home directory?
 When using useradd to create a new user account, what type of default values create
the user account?
 How can you view all the default values in the /etc/default/useradd file?
 How would you create a user with useradd that does not receive the default values in
/etc/default/useradd file?
 Which command deletes a user and their home directory at the same time?
Video/Demo Time
2.7.1 Linux User and Group Overview 19:14
2.7.2 Managing Linux Users 9:28

Total 28:42
Lab/Activity
 Create a User Account
 Rename a User Account
 Delete a User
 Change Your Password
 Change a User’s Password
 Lock and Unlock User Accounts
Number of Exam Questions
7 questions
Total Time
About 70 minutes
Section 2.8: Linux Groups
Summary
This section examines managing Linux groups. Concepts covered include:

 Commands to manage group accounts and group membership:


o groupadd
o groupmod
o groupdel
o gpasswd
o newgrp
o usermod
o groups

Students will learn how to:

 Create groups and define the group ID.


 Change secondary group membership for specific user accounts.
 Enable a group password.
Security Pro Exam Objectives:

 1.1 Create, modify, and delete user profiles.


o Manage Linux Users and Groups
 Create, rename, and delete users and groups
 Assign users to appropriate groups
 Change a user's password
Lecture Focus Questions:

 Which usermod option changes the secondary group membership?


 Which command removes all secondary group memberships for specific user
accounts?
 Which groupmod option changes the name of a group?
Video/Demo Time

2.8.1 Managing Linux Groups 3:15


Lab/Activity
 Rename and Create Groups
 Add Users to a Group
 Remove a User from a Group
Number of Exam Questions
3 questions
Total Time
About 20 minutes
Section 2.9: Linux User Security
Summary
In this section students will explore user security for Linux. Details about the following
concepts will be covered:

 Considerations for user security


 Commands used to promote user security and restrictions
o chage
o ulimit
 The /etc/security/limits.conf file
o Entry options:
 Entity
 Type
 Limits
 Value

Students will learn how to:

 Configure password aging.


 Configure password login limits.
 Configure the maximum concurrent logins by a user.
 Use the ulimit command to restrict user resource usage.

Security Pro Exam Objectives:

 1.1 Create, modify, and delete user profiles.


o Manage Linux Users and Groups.
 Configure password aging.
o Restrict use of common access accounts.
Lecture Focus Questions:
 When using chage to set expiration of user passwords, which option sets the number
of days for the password warning message?
 What is the difference between hard and soft limits?
 When using ulimit to limit computer resources used for applications launched from
the shell, which option displays the current limits?
 What command removes all restrictions for process memory usage?
 Why should passwords not expire too frequently?
Video/Demo Time

2.9.1 Linux User Security and Restrictions 9:53


2.9.2 Configuring Linux Users Security and Restrictions 6:40

Total 16:33
Number of Exam Questions
5 questions
Total Time
About 25 minutes
Section 2.10: Group Policy Overview
Summary
This section provides an overview of using Group Policy to apply multiple objects within the
Active Directory domain at one time. Concepts covered include:

 The role of GPOs


 GPO Categories:
o Computer Configuration
o User Configuration
 How GPOs apply to objects
 The order in which GPOs are applied

Students will learn how to:


 View the setting defined in a GPO.
 Create a GPO.
 Link a GPO to OUs.
 Edit the settings of a GPO.
 Import GPO settings.
Security Pro Exam Objectives:
 1.1 Create, modify, and delete user profiles.
o Manage Windows Local Users and Groups
 Restrict use of local user accounts
o Restrict use of common access accounts
 1.2 Harden authentication.
o Configure the Domain GPO to enforce User Account Control
Lecture Focus Questions:
 When are user policies applied?
 How do computer policies differ from user policies?
 How do GPOs applied to an OU differ from GPOs applied to a domain?
 What is the order in which GPOs are applied?
 If a setting is undefined in one GPO and defined in another, which setting is used?
 If a setting is defined in two GPOs, which setting is applied?
Video/Demo Time

2.10.1 Group Policy Overview 8:41


2.10.2 Viewing Group Policy 14:31

Total 23:12
Lab/Activity
 Create and Link a GPO
Number of Exam Questions
3 questions
Total Time
About 35 minutes
Section 2.11: Hardening Authentication 1
Summary
This section discusses methods of hardening authentication. Basics discussed include:

 Methods of authentication:
o Account lockout
o Account restrictions
o Account (password) policies
 Considerations for controlling user account and password security

Students will learn how to:


 Control logical access by configuring user account and account lockout policies.
 Configure day/time restrictions, computer restrictions, and expiration dates for user
accounts.
 Enable and disable user accounts.
 Configure the password policy for a domain.
 Using Group Policy Management, configure security settings such as password
policy settings to define requirements for user passwords.
 Using Group Policy Management, configure user right assignments to identify
actions users can perform on a system.
Security Pro Exam Objectives:
 1.1 Create, modify, and delete user profiles.
o Manage Windows Local Users and Groups
 Restrict use of local user accounts
o Restrict use of common access accounts
 1.2 Harden authentication.
o Configure Domain GPO Account Policy to enforce a robust password policy
o Disable or rename default accounts such as Guest and Administrator
 5.1 Harden Network Devices (using a Cisco Small Business Switch).
o Use secure passwords
Lecture Focus Questions:
 What characteristics on a Microsoft system typically define a complex password?
 What is the clipping level and how does it affect an account login?
 What does the minimum password age setting prevent?
 What is a drawback to account lockout for failed password attempts?
 What are the advantages of a self-service password reset management system?
Video/Demo Time

2.11.1 Hardening Authentication 19:31


2.11.2 Configuring User Account Restrictions 9:30
2.11.4 Configuring Account Policies and UAC Settings 14:18
2.11.6 Hardening User Accounts 10:20

Total 53:39
Lab/Activity
 Configure User Account Restrictions
 Configure Account Policies
 Restrict Local Accounts
 Secure Default Accounts
 Enforce User Account Control
Number of Exam Questions
11 questions
Total Time
About 90 minutes
Section 2.12: Hardening Authentication 2
Summary
This section discusses methods of hardening authentication using smart cards and fine-
grained password policies. Basics discussed include:

 Facts about smart cards


 Smart card categories:
o Contact smart cards
o Contactless smart cards
 Key benefits of smart cards
 Weaknesses of smart cards:
o Microprobing
o Software attacks
o Eavesdropping
o Fault generation
 The role of granular password policies:
o Acronyms:
 Password Settings Object (PSO)
 Password Settings Container (PSC)
o PSO properties:
 msDS-PSOAppliesTo
 msDS-PasswordSettingsPrecedence
 Creating a PSO using ADSI Edit
 Using Active Directory Administrative Center to manage granular passwords

Students will learn how to:


 Configure authentication for a smart card.
 Implement a fine-grained password policy to create a more restrictive policy set.
Security Pro Exam Objectives:
 1.1 Create, modify, and delete user profiles.
o Manage Windows Local Users and Groups
 Restrict use of local user accounts
o Restrict use of common access accounts
 1.2 Harden authentication.
o Configure a GPO for Smart Card authentication for sensitive resources
Lecture Focus Questions:
 What are the two different categories of smart cards and how they are read by the
smart card reader?
 What are the advantages and disadvantages of using smart cards?
 When would you choose to use fine-grained password policies?
Video/Demo Time

2.12.1 Configuring Smart Card Authentication 6:20


2.12.4 Using Fine-Grained Password Policies 7:00

Total 13:20
Lab/Activity
 Configure Smart Card Authentication
 Create a Fine-Grained Password Policy
Number of Exam Questions
5 questions
Total Time
About 30 minutes
Section 2.13: Remote Access
Summary
In this section students will learn about remote access. Concepts covered include:

 The role of remote access.


 Stages in the remote access process:
o Connection
o Authentication
o Authorization
o Accounting
 Implementing a remote access server
 Common AAA server solutions:
o Remote Authentication Dial-In User Server (RADIUS)
o Terminal Access Controller Access-Control System Plus (TACACS+)
 Considerations when comparing RADIUS vs. TACACS+

Students will learn how to:


 Configure a remote access server to accept remote access connections.
 Control remote access authorization using network policies.
 Configure ports on a VPN server to allow VPN connections.
 Configure a VPN client connection.
Security Pro Exam Objectives:
 1.2 Harden authentication.
o Configure secure remote access.
Lecture Focus Questions:
 How does EAP differ from CHAP or MS-CHAP?
 What is the difference between authentication and authorization?
 How does tunneling protect packets in transit through an unsecured network?
 What are examples of criteria used to restrict remote access?
 Which remote server solution performs better and is considered more secure?
 What types of attacks are remote access servers vulnerable to?
Video/Demo Time

2.13.1 Remote Access 8:43


2.13.3 RADIUS and TACACS+ 6:51
Total 15:34
Number of Exam Questions
15 questions
Total Time
About 35 minutes
Section 2.14: Network Authentication
Summary
This section discusses using authentication too connect to a network and access network
resources. Concepts covered include:

 The process of a three-way handshake


 Authentication methods used for network authentication:
o LAN Manager (LANMAN or LM)
o NT LAN Manager (NTLM)
o Kerberos
 The role of Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP)
 Authentication Modes that LDAP supports when binding to a directory service:
o Anonymous
o Simple
o Simple Authentication and Security Layer (SASL)
 Trusts
o One-way trust
o Two-way trust
 Transitivity:
o Transitive trust
o Non-transitive trust
 Transitive access attack

Students will learn how to:


 Edit Kerberos Policy settings using Group Policy Management.
 Provide authentication backwards compatibility for pre-Windows 2000 clients using
Group Policy.
Security Pro Exam Objectives:
 1.2 Harden authentication.
o Implement centralized authentication
 1.3 Manage Certificates.
o Configure Domain GPO Kerberos Settings
Lecture Focus Questions:
 Using a challenge/response process, what information is exchanged over the network
during logon? How does this provide security for logon credentials?
 What is the difference between authentication with LAN Manager and NT LAN
Manager?
 What security vulnerabilities should an administrator be aware of when using
Kerberos for authentication?
 What two entities are combined to make up the KDC?
 Why does Kerberos require clock synchronization between devices?
 What does transitivity define?
 How is a non-transitive trust relationship established between domains?
Video/Demo Time

2.14.1 Network Authentication Protocols 14:09


2.14.2 Network Authentication via LDAP 10:30
2.14.4 Controlling the Authentication Method 6:39
2.14.6 Browsing a Directory Tree via LDAP 6:38
2.14.7 Trusts and Transitive Access 5:33
2.14.9 Credential Management 10:06

Total 53:35
Lab/Activity
 Configure Kerberos Policy Settings
Number of Exam Questions
14 questions
Total Time
About 70 minutes
Section 2.15: Identity Management
Summary
This section discusses the role of Identity Management (IDM). Details include:

 The role of Identity Management IDM


 Advantages of IDM
 Terms:
o Identity Vault
o Identity Management Service
o Automated Provisioning
o Automated De-Provisioning
o Automated Maintenance
o Automated De-provisioning
o Automated Maintenance
o Password Synchronization
o Entitlement
o Authoritative Source
Lecture Focus Questions:
 What are the advantages of implementing IDM? Disadvantages?
 What is the significance of the authoritative source of an item?
 What does entitlement define?
 What is automated provisioning?
Video/Demo Time

2.15.1 Identity Management 16:31


Number of Exam Questions
4 questions
Total Time
About 20 minutes
Section 3.1: Cryptography
Summary
In this section students will learn the basics of cryptography. Concepts covered in this section
include:

 Terms related to cryptography:


o Plain text
o Cipher text
o Cryptographer
o Cryptanalysis
o Cryptosystem
o Cryptology
o Key
o Algorithm
o Encryption
o Decryption
o Steganography
o Quantum cryptography
o Initialization vector
o Transposition Cipher
o Substitution Cipher
 Attack Types:
o Brute Force Attacks
o Plaintext Attacks
o Analytic
o Weakness Exploitation Attacks
o Encryption attacks
o Man-in-the-middle attack
 Countermeasures to strengthen the cryptosystem
Security Pro Exam Objectives:
 1.3 Manage Certificates.
o Approve, deny, and revoke certificate requests
Lecture Focus Questions:
 What is a legitimate use for cryptanalysis?
 How is the strength of a cryptosystem related to the length of the key?
 Which of the following is typically kept secret, the encryption algorithm or the key
(or both)?
 What is the difference between a transposition cipher and a substitution cipher?
 What is a legitimate use of steganography?
 What methods are used in a brute force attack?
 What is the difference between a Registration Authority and a Certificate Authority?
Video/Demo Time

3.1.1 Cryptography Concepts 4:29


3.1.3 Cryptography Attacks 17:47
Total 22:16
Number of Exam Questions
15 questions
Total Time
About 45 minutes
Section 3.2: Hashing
Summary
This section examines using hashing to ensure the data integrity of files and messages in
transit. Concepts covered include:

 The role of hashing


 Predominate hashing algorithms:
o MD5
o SHA-1
o RIPEMD
 Uses of hashing:
o File integrity
o Secure logon credential exchange
 Considerations regarding hashes

Students will learn how to:


 Generate a hash value for a file.
 Compare hash values to verify message integrity.
Lecture Focus Questions:
 What security goal or function is provided by hashes?
 Why doesn't a hash provide message encryption?
 When comparing MD5 and SHA-1, which method provides greater security? Why?
 What is a collision and why is this condition undesirable in a hashing algorithm?
 Why is high amplification an indicator of a good hashing algorithm?
Video/Demo Time

3.2.1 Hashing 11:31


3.2.3 Using Hashes 7:43
Total 19:14
Number of Exam Questions
12 questions
Total Time
About 35 minutes
Section 3.3: Symmetric Encryption
Summary
This section examines using symmetric encryption to encrypt and decrypt data. Concepts
covered include:

 Symmetric encryption uses two algorithm types:


o Block ciphers
o Stream ciphers
 Common symmetric cryptography methods include:
o Ron’s Cipher v2 or Ron’s Code v2 (RC2)
o Ron’s Cipher v5 or Ron’s Code v5 (RC5)
o International Data Encryption Algorithm (IDEA)
o Data Encryption Standard (DES)
o Triple DES (3DES)
o Advanced Encryption Standard (AES)
o Blowfish
o Twofish
o SkipJack
 The role of Hashed Keyed Message Authentication Code (HMAC)

Students will learn how to:


 Perform a brute force analysis of encrypted data to recover original data.
Lecture Focus Questions:
 A user needs to communicate securely with 5 other users using symmetric key
encryption. How many keys are required?
 How are symmetric keys typically exchanged between communication partners?
 What is an advantage of increasing the number of bits in the key? What is a
disadvantage?
 Why are symmetric key stream ciphers considered to be slower than symmetric key
block ciphers?
 Considering symmetric key stream ciphers and block ciphers, which would you
select to process large amounts of data? Why?
 How does 3DES differ from DES?
Video/Demo Time

3.3.1 Symmetric Encryption 5:27


3.3.2 HMAC 6:13
3.3.4 Cracking a Symmetric Encryption Key 4:11
Total 15:51
Number of Exam Questions
15 questions
Total Time
About 35 minutes
Section 3.4: Asymmetric Encryption
Summary
This section discusses using asymmetric encryption to encrypt and decrypt data. Details
include:

 Considerations of asymmetric encryption:


o Asymmetric encryption functionality
o Asymmetric encryption uses:
 Data encryption
 Digital signing
 Key exchange
o Using asymmetric and symmetric encryption together
o Common asymmetric encryption implementations:
 SSL/TLS
 IPSec
 VPNs (PPTP, L2TP, SSTP)
 S/MIME and PGP for e-mail security
 SSH tunnels
o Management considerations
o Protecting data in the event of key compromise
 Common asymmetric key cryptography systems:
o Diffie-Hellman Key Exchange
o ElGamal
o Elliptic Curve Cryptography (ECC)
o Merkle-Hellman Knapsack
o Rivest, Shamir, Adelman (RSA)

Lecture Focus Questions:


 How do public keys differ from private keys? What is the relationship between the
two?
 For which type of environment is asymmetric cryptography best suited?
 Why does asymmetric encryption require fewer keys than symmetric encryption?
 What services are provided by the cryptographic service provider (CSP)?
 What is the main use for the Diffie-Hellman protocol?
Video/Demo Time

3.4.1 Asymmetric Encryption 8:56


Number of Exam Questions
12 questions
Total Time
About 25 minutes
Section 3.5: Public Key Infrastructure
(PKI)
Summary
This section examines using a public key infrastructure (PKI) to issue and manage
certificates. Details include:
 The role of a digital certificate
 Process used to request, issue, and manage certificates
 Example of using SSL and certificates to secure Web transactions
 Terms to be familiar with:
o Certificate Authority (CA)
o Subordinate Certificate Authority
o Certificate Practice Statement (CPS)
o Cryptographic Service Provider (CSP)
o Online Certificate Status Protocol (OCSP)
o Certificate Revocation List (CRL)
o CRL Distribution Point (CDP)
o Registration Authority (RA)
o X.509
o Enrollment agent
o Authority Information Access (AIA)
 A summary of the certificate lifecycle
 Certificate management areas:
o Key protection
o Certificate validation
o Key archival
o Key escrow
o Certificate revocation
o Crypto period
o Certificate renewal
o Key disposal
 Considerations when managing a public key infrastructure (PKI):
o PKI hierarchy
o Cross certification
o Dual key pairs
Students will learn how to:
 Manage certificates by requesting, approving, and installing certificates.
 Revoke a certificate and publish it to the CRL.
 Create and configure a subordinate CA.
 Manage certificate templates by deploying certificates for different purposes.
 Create and issue custom certificate templates.
Security Pro Exam Objectives:

 1.3 Manage Certificates.


o Approve, deny, and revoke certificate requests

Lecture Focus Questions:


 Who authorizes subordinate CAs? Why is this important?
 What does the issuance policy on a CA control?
 How does a client verify the information in an SSL certificate to determine if it trusts
the certificate?
 What is the difference between a CSP and a CPS?
 What is the role of the Registration Authority (RA)?
 What is the difference between key archival and key escrow?
 How are revoked certificates identified? Under what circumstances would a
certificate be revoked?
 What security advantage do dual key pairs provide?
Video/Demo Time

3.5.1 Certificates 11:02


3.5.2 Managing Certificates 14:45
3.5.5 CA Implementation 5:17
3.5.6 Configuring a Subordinate CA 14:13

Total 45:17
Lab/Activity
 Manage Certificates
Number of Exam Questions
15 questions
Total Time
About 70 minutes
Section 3.6: Cryptographic
Implementations
Summary
In this section students will learn the basics of implementing cryptography. Concepts covered
include:

 Implementations of cryptography:
o File system encryption
o Digital signatures
o Digital envelope
o Trusted Platform Module (TPM)
o Hardware Security Modules (HSM)
 How technologies are implemented in LAN-and Web-based environments:
o Secure Electronic Transaction (SET)
o Secure Sockets Layers (SSL)
o Transport Layer Security (TLS)
o Secure Hyper Text Transport Protocol (S-HTTP)
o Hyper Text Transport Protocol Secure (HTTPS)
o Secure Shell (SSH)
o Internet Protocol Security (IPSec)
 Encryption technologies implemented to secure e-mail messages:
o Privacy Enhanced Mail (PEM)
o Pretty Good Privacy (PGP)
o Secure Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (S/MIME)
o Message Security Protocol (MSP)
Lecture Focus Questions:
 What are the advantages of asymmetric over symmetric encryption? What are the
disadvantages?
 How are asymmetric encryption and hashing combined to create digital signatures?
 What is the difference between digital signatures and digital envelopes?
 How does the protection offered by BitLocker differ from EFS?
 How does S-HTTP differ from HTTPS? Which is more secure?
 Which types of traffic can SSL protect?
Video/Demo Time

3.6.1 Combining Cryptographic Methods 10:30


3.6.2 Hardware Based Encryption Devices 7:12

Total 17:42
Number of Exam Questions
15 questions
Total Time
About 40 minutes
Section 4.1: Security Policies
Summary
This section discusses using security policies to define the overall security outlook for an
organization. Details include:

 Types of documents used to create security policies:


o Regulation
o Procedure
o Baseline
o Guideline
 Elements of security planning
 Due care and due diligence
 Types of security policy documents:
o Acceptable use
o Authorized access
o Change and configuration management
o Code escrow agreement
o Code of ethics
o Human resource policies
o Organizational security policy
o Password
o Privacy
o Resource allocation
o Service Level Agreement (SLA)
o User education and awareness training
o User management
 The role of security management
 Components of operational security that help to establish defense and depth:
o Change management
o Employee management
o Security awareness
o Physical security
 Information Security Classification Framework:
o High
o Medium
o Low
 Common information classification levels:
o Public with full distribution
o Public with limited distribution
o Private internal
o Private restricted
 Government and military classifications:
o Unclassified
o Sensitive but unclassified
o Confidential
o Secret
o Top secret
 Data retention policies
 Methods of disposing media to prevent data recovery:
o Shredding/Burning
o Partitioning/Formatting/Degaussing
o Wiping a Hard Drive
o Destruction
Security Pro Exam Objectives:

 2.1 Promote Information Security Awareness.


o Support certification and accreditation (i.e., security authorization)
o Exchanging content between Home and Work
o Storing of Personal Information on the Internet
o Using Social Networking Sites
o Password Management
o Information Security

Lecture Focus Questions:


 What is the difference between a regulation and a guideline?
 What are the main reasons for implementing security policies within an organization?
 How is due diligence different than due process?
 How can a code escrow agreement provide security for an organization?
 When a new security plan is distributed, why is it important to destroy all copies of
the old version?
 What are the characteristics of a strong password policy?
 How is the government's secret classification different than the top secret
classification?
Video/Demo Time

4.1.1 Security Policies 7:23


4.1.2 Data Privacy Laws 9:42
4.1.6 Information Classification 5:40
4.1.8 Data Retention Policies 11:40
4.1.9 Wiping a Hard Drive 12:58

Total 47:23
Number of Exam Questions
15 questions
Total Time
About 80 minutes
Section 4.2: Manageable Network Plan
Summary
This section discusses milestones to develop a manageable network plan.

 Prepare to Document
 Map the Network
 Protect Your Network (Network Architecture)
 Reach Your Network (Device Accessibility)
 Control Your network (User Access)
 Manage Your Network Part I (Patch Management)
 Manage Your Network Part II (Baseline Management)
 Document Your Network
Security Pro Exam Objectives:

 2.3 Maintain Hardware and Software Inventory.

Lecture Focus Questions:


 When you are developing a manageable network plan, what should you keep in mind
when you prepare to document your network?
 What elements of the network are identified when you map your network?
 What steps should you perform to protect your network?
 How can you ensure that all the devices in the network have access but still maintain
security?
 What are the considerations to keep in mind to control user access and ensure network
security?
Video/Demo Time

4.2.1 Manageable Network Plan 16:49


4.2.2 Manageable Network Plan 2 14:05

Total 30:54
Number of Exam Questions
3 questions
Total Time
About 35 minutes
Section 4.3: Business Continuity
Summary
This section provides basic information about the activities that will ensure business
continuity. Concepts covered include:

 Plans pertaining to business continuity include:


o Business Continuity Plan (BCP)
o Business Impact Analysis (BIA)
o Disaster Recovery Plan (DRP)
 Considerations when creating the disaster recovery and business continuity plans
 The role of succession planning
Security Pro Exam Objectives:
 2.2 Evaluate Information Risk.
o Perform Risk calculation
o Risk avoidance, transference, acceptance, mitigation, and deterrence
Lecture Focus Questions:
 When is the best time to start planning for disaster recovery?
 How is the Disaster Recovery Plan (DRP) related to the Business Continuity Plan
(BCP)?
 What is the top priority when planning for a disaster?
 How does a Business Impact Analysis (BIA) help to improve the security of an
organization?
 In addition to planning for how to keep operations going in the event of an incident,
what else should a disaster recovery plan include?
 How does succession planning differ from replacement planning?
Video/Demo Time

4.3.1 Business Continuity 2:39


4.3.2 Succession Planning 5:23
Total 8:02
Number of Exam Questions
7 questions
Total Time
About 20 minutes
Section 4.4: Risk Management
Summary
In this section students will learn about using risk management to reduce risk for an
organization. Concepts covered include:

 Terms related to risk analysis:


o Asset
o Threat
o Vulnerability
o Threat agent
o Attack
o Countermeasure
o Exposure
o Loss
o Risk
o Residual risk
 Processes involved in risk management:
o Asset identification
o Threat identification
o Risk assessment
o Risk response
 Methods to prioritize assets:
o Delphi method
o Sensitivity vs. risk
o Comparative
o Asset classification
 Document procedures
 Data Loss Prevention (DLP):
o Network DLP
o Endpoint DLP
o File-Level DLP

Lecture Focus Questions:


 What kinds of components are tangible assets?
 How can an asset have both a tangible and intangible value?
 Why is determining the value of an asset important to an organization?
 How is quantitative analysis different than qualitative analysis?
 Which components are used to measure risk quantitatively?
 What method is typically deployed in risk transference?
 Why is risk rejection not a wise risk response?
Video/Demo Time

4.4.1 Risk Management 4:04


4.4.2 Security Controls 3:21
4.4.3 Data Loss Prevention (DLP) 4:57

Total 12:22
Number of Exam Questions
15 questions
Total Time
About 30 minutes
Section 4.5: Incident Response
Summary
This section discusses strategies for responding to an incident during and after the incident.
Concepts covered include:

 What is a security incident?


 Incident response plans
 Actions to take after an incident has been discovered
 Responding to a security incident:
o Short-term (triage) actions
o Mid-term (action/reaction) actions
o Long-term (follow up) actions
 The role of the first responder
 The elements of incident response
 Considerations when responding to a security incident
 Ways investigations can be performed for computer systems:
o Live analysis
o Dead analysis
 Procedures for collecting and analyzing computer evidence
 Report the findings following the analysis
 Forensic investigation
 Evidence life cycle
 Chain of custody
 Types of evidence:
o Best
o Corroborative
o Hearsay
 Stages of the evidence life cycle:
o Collection and identification
o Preservation and analysis
o Storage
o Transportation and processing
o Presentation in court
o Return to owner

Students will learn how to:


 Gather and authenticate forensic information from a system using a computer forensic
tool.
 Analyze and record forensic evidence.
 View and build a case using the forensic evidence that has been gathered.
Lecture Focus Questions:
 What actions should take place when an incident occurs?
 What types of things would a computer forensic investigator want to analyze if he
selected a live analysis over a dead analysis?
 What methods can be used to save the contents of memory as part of a forensic
investigation?
 How should you ensure the integrity of collected digital evidence?
 Why is chain of custody so important with forensic investigations?
Video/Demo Time

4.5.1 First Responder 7:17


4.5.2 Basic Forensic Procedures 18:31
4.5.3 Using Forensic Tools 6:17
4.5.4 Creating a Forensic Drive Image 10:00

Total 42:05
Number of Exam Questions
15 questions
Total Time
About 65 minutes
Section 4.6: Social Engineering
Summary
This section examines details about social engineering. Concepts covered include:

 Forms of social engineering:


o Passive
o Active
 Types of social engineering attacks:
o Persuasive
o Reciprocity
o Social validation
o Commitment
o Scarcity
o Friendship
o Authority
 Social engineering attacks:
o Shoulder surfing
o Eavesdropping
o Dumpster diving
o Tailgating and Piggybacking
o Masquerading
o Phishing
o Spear phishing
o Caller ID spoofing
o Hoax e-mails
o Spyware/Adware
o Pretexting
 Employee awareness training is the most effective countermeasure for social
engineering. Train employees:
o Actions to protect information
o Actions to implement online security
o Determine the value for types of information
o Not allow others to use the employees identification
o Demand proof of identity of others

Students will learn how to:


 Identify and ignore e-mail hoaxes to protect system resources.
 Train users to identify phishing scams by mousing over links, verifying the URL, and
verifying HTTPS.
Lecture Focus Questions:
 How is passive social engineering different than active social engineering?
 What methods do attackers use to make an interaction appear legitimate?
 How is employee awareness training the most effective countermeasure for social
engineering?
 What specific countermeasures should be implemented to mitigate social
engineering?
 How is tailgating different than piggybacking?
 How does using bookmarks instead of e-mail links improve security?
Video/Demo Time

4.6.1 Social Engineering 4:39


4.6.2 Phishing Variations 13:04
4.6.4 Investigating Social Engineering Attack 9:45

Total 27:28
Lab/Activity
 Respond to Social Engineering
Number of Exam Questions
15 questions
Total Time
About 55 minutes
Section 4.7: Certification and Accreditation
Summary
This section examines using certification and accreditation to provide security. Concepts
covered include:

 Security kernel
 Methods to determine levels of access:
o Token
o Security label
o Capabilities list
 Methods used by secure operating systems to provide security:
o Ring architecture
o Security perimeter
o Confinement
o Bounds
o Isolation
o Layering
o Abstraction
o Hiding
o Classification
o Target of Evaluation (TOE)
o Virtual machine
 Main modes of security used in a Protection Profile (PP):
o Dedicated Security
o System High
o Compartmentalized
o Multilevel Secure
 Concepts associated with the quality assurance process are:
o The Target of Evaluation (TOE)
o Security Target (ST)
o Security Assurance Requirements (SARs)
o Designated Approval authority (DAA)
o Evaluation Assurance Level (EAL):
 No Assurance (EAL0)
 Functionally Tested (EAL1)
 Structurally Tested (EAL2)
 Methodically Tested and Checked (EAL3)
 Methodically Designed, Tested and Reviewed (EAL4)
 Semi-formally Designed and Tested (EAL5)
 Semi-formally Verified Design and Tested (EAL6)
 Formally Verified Design and Tested (EAL7)
o Considerations regarding EAL levels
o Levels of approval:
 Acceptance
 Certification
 Accreditation
 Assurance

Lecture Focus Questions:


 Which methods does a reference monitor use to determine levels of access?
 Where is the reference monitor in relation to the security perimeter?
 How does layering provide security to an operating system?
 In a layered system, where does the operating system function?
 How does commercial classification labeling differ from military?
 How does acceptance differ from certification and accreditation?
Video/Demo Time

4.7.1 Trusted Computing 10:01


4.7.2 Certification and Accreditation 4:46
Total 14:47
Number of Exam Questions
12 questions
Total Time
About 40 minutes
Section 4.8: Development
Summary
In this section students will learn about the System Development Life Cycle (SDLC). SDLC
is a systematic method for used for software development and implementation of system and
security projects. Concepts covered include:

 Phases of the SDLC:


o Project initiation
o Functional design
o System Design
o Development and coding
o Installation and implementation
o Release
o Operations and maintenance
o End of life
 Change control
 Standardized models that developers use when developing new software are:
o Ad-hoc
o Waterfall planning
o Structured programming
o Prototype
o Object-oriented programming
o Spiral
o Clean room
o Extreme programming
o Computer-Aided Software Engineering (CASE)

Lecture Focus Questions:


 How does the spiral model combine the waterfall model and the prototype model?
 How should security be employed in the different stages of development?
 What does functional design entail?
 When is change control necessary?
 What are the responsibilities of developers after a product is released?
Video/Demo Time

4.8.1 System Development Life Cycle 8:40


4.8.2 System Development Life Cycle 2 7:49

Total 16:29
Number of Exam Questions
7 questions
Total Time
About 35 minutes
Section 4.9: Employee Management
Summary
This section discusses strategies for managing employees. Details covered include:

 The role of employee management


 Principles that should be part of employee management decisions:
o Least privilege
o Separation of duties
o Two-man control
 Common employee-related security vulnerabilities:
o Fraud
o Collusion
 Employee security process:
o Pre-employment
o Employment
o Termination
 Security awareness includes:
o Security training
o Security retraining
o Random security audits
 Employee agreement documents:
o Non-disclosure agreement (NDA)
o Non-compete agreement
o Ownership of materials agreement
o Data handling and classification policy
o Clean desk policy
o Acceptable use agreement
o Password security policy
o Employee monitoring agreement
o Exit interview cooperation agreement
 First day of employment documents:
o Security policy
o Employee Handbook
o Job description
 Ethics
 Code of ethics
 Components of code of ethics:
o Values
o Principles
o Management Support
o Personal Responsibility
o Compliance
 The (ISC)2 Code of Ethics canons include:
o Protect society, the common wealth, and the infrastructure (do no harm),
o Act honorably, honestly, justly, responsibly, and legally (be a good person).
o Provide diligent and competent service to the principles (be a good CISSP).
o Advance and protect the security profession.

Lecture Focus Questions:


 How can pre-employment processing improve the security of an organization?
 What is the role of the policy handbook regarding security?
 What guidelines must be considered when monitoring employees?
 Why should employees be required to sign employment agreements?
 How are separation of duties and two-man control different?
 How can collusion be avoided?
 What is the importance of a clear job description?
Video/Demo Time

4.9.1 Employment Practices 13:45


Number of Exam Questions
15 questions
Total Time
About 40 minutes
Section 4.10: Third-Party Integration
Summary
This section discusses strategies for securing integration with third parties. Details covered
include:

 Onboarding considerations
 Ongoing operations
 Off-boarding

Lecture Focus Questions:


 What security issues must be identified and addressed during the onboarding phase of
a third-party relationship?
 What are the key documents that are included in an Interoperability Agreement (IA)?
 What is the role of the Service Level Agreement (SLA)?
 During the ongoing phase of the relationship, how do you ensure that security has not
been compromised?
 Which items need to be disabled or reset during the off-boarding phase of the
relationship?
Video/Demo Time

4.10.1 Third-Party Integration Security Issues 11:24


Number of Exam Questions
4 questions
Total Time
About 20 minutes
Section 5.1: Physical Security
Summary
This section provides information about physical security. Concepts covered include:

 Factors for physical security:


o Prevention
o Detection
o Recovery
 Important aspects of physical security
 Physical control measures:
o Perimeter barriers
o Closed-circuit television (CCTV)
o Doors
o Door locks
o Physical access logs
o Physical access controls
 The sequence of physical security:
o Deter initial access attempts
o Deny direct physical access
o Detect the intrusion
o Delay the violator to allow for response
 Implementing a layered defense system
 Tailgating and piggybacking
Security Pro Exam Objectives:
 3.1 Harden Data Center Physical Access.
o Implement Access Rosters
o Utilize Visitor Identification and control
o Protect Doors and Windows
o Implement Physical Intrusion Detection Systems
Lecture Focus Questions:
 What types of physical controls can be implemented to protect the perimeter of a
building?
 What is the difference between a mantrap and a double entry door?
 What types of doors are effective deterrents to piggybacking?
 How does an anti-passback system work?
 What types of devices are best suited for interior motion detection? Perimeter motion
detection?
 How do physical access logs help to increase the security of a facility?
Video/Demo Time

5.1.1 Physical Security 18:39


5.1.2 Tailgating and Piggybacking 3:28

Total 22:07
Lab/Activity
 Implement Physical Security
Number of Exam Questions
15 questions
Total Time
About 50 minutes
Section 5.2: Hardware Security
Summary
This section examines the following general hardware security guidelines:

 Checkout policy
 Room security
 Hardware locks
 Backup Storage
Security Pro Exam Objectives:

 3.1 Harden Data Center Physical Access.


o Utilize Visitor Identification and control
o Protect Doors and Windows
o Implement Physical Intrusion Detection Systems

Lecture Focus Questions:

 How can you protect computers that are placed in cubicles?


 What are the security guidelines you should implement to protect servers in your
organization?
 How can you ensure that the memory and hard disks cannot be removed from a
computer that is bolted to a desk?
 What types of details should a hardware checkout policy include?
Video/Demo Time

5.2.1 Hardware Security Guidelines 7:50


5.2.2 Breaking into a System 7:30

Total 15:20
Number of Exam Questions
4 questions
Total Time
About 20 minutes
Section 5.3: Environmental Controls
Summary
This section discusses how environmental controls can be implemented to protect computer
systems. Details covered include:

 Power conditions to be aware of:


o Surge/Spike
o Sag/Dip
o Brownout
o Blackout
o Fault
o Transient
 Recommendations for preventing or correcting infrastructure problems for:
o HVAC system
o AC power
o Water and gas
 Interference:
o Electro-magnetic interference (EMI)
o Radio Frequency interference (RFI)
 Shielding
 Recommendations for the location of the data center
 Environmental monitoring:
o Temperature
o Air flow
o Humidity
 Using hot and cold aisles with server rooms to reduce the temperature of server rooms.
 Elements required for fire:
o Fuel
o Heat
o Oxygen
o Chemical reaction between oxygen and the fuel
 Primary fire-suppression systems:
o Portable
o Fixed
 Extinguishing agents used to suppress fire:
o Water
o Gas that displaces oxygen
o Dry chemicals such as sodium bicarbonate, wet chemicals and foam used to
extinguish fuel from burning
 US fire classes and suppressant types
 Considerations when responding to fire emergencies
Lecture Focus Questions:

 What temperature range protects equipment from overheating?


 What is a good HVAC practice to help prevent electrostatic discharge?
 What is the difference between a positive pressure system and a negative pressure
system? Which is the best to use in a server room?
 What is the difference between a sag and a brownout?
 How does a deluge sprinkler function differently than a wet pipe system?
 What should you do first in the event of a fire?
 When using a portable fire extinguisher, it is recommended that you use the PASS
system to administer the fire suppressant. How does the PASS system work?
 What is the recommended range for extinguishing a small fire using a fire
extinguisher?
 What are the advantages of using a gas as a fire suppressant? Disadvantages?
Video/Demo Time

5.3.1 Environmental Controls 6:00


5.3.2 Environmental Monitoring 11:33
5.3.3 Hot and Cold Aisles 5:17

Total 22:50
Number of Exam Questions
11 questions
Total Time
About 45 minutes
Section 5.4: Mobile Devices
Summary
In this section students will explore securing mobile devices. Details about the following
concepts will be covered:

 Mobile devices include:


o Smartphones
o Laptops
o PC tablets
o PDAs
o Other small handheld computing devices
 Considerations for mobile devices:
o Request process
o Asset tracking and inventory control
o Acceptable Use
o Personal Identification Number (PIN)
o Unused features
o Lockout or screen lock
o Encryption
o Remote wipe
o Storage segmentation
o Reporting system
 Train employees on security considerations
 BYOD security issues and remedies:
o Malware propagation
o Loss of control of sensitive data
o Malicious insider attacks
o Device management
o Support
Security Pro Exam Objectives:

 2.1 Promote Information Security Awareness.


o Traveling with Personal Mobile Devices
o Exchanging content between Home and Work
o Password Management
o Photo/GPS Integration
o Information Security
o Auto-lock and Passcode Lock
 3.2 Harden mobile devices (Laptop).
o Set a BIOS Password
o Set a Login Password
o Implement full disk encryption
 6.2 Implement Patch Management/System Updates.
o Apply the latest Apple Software Updates
Lecture Focus Questions:
 What types of electronic devices are considered part of the mobile devices group?
 How do you unlock a mobile device after it has gone into lockout?
 Under what conditions would you consider using remote wipe on a mobile device?
 What mobile device feature can display its current location if lost or stolen?
 What security technique ensures data confidentiality if a mobile device is lost or
stolen?
Video/Demo Time

5.4.1 Mobile Device Security 7:33


5.4.3 BYOD Security Issues 9:33
5.4.5 Securing Mobile Devices 10:20

Total 27:26
Lab/Activity
 Secure an iPad
Number of Exam Questions
8 questions
Total Time
About 40 minutes
Section 5.5: Mobile Device Security
Enforcement
Summary
This section discusses enforcing security for mobile devices. Details about the following
concepts will be covered:

 Windows Intune currently supports:


o Windows 8.x
o Windows RT 8.x
o Windows Phone 8
o Apple iOS devices, such as the iPhone
 Configurations that Windows Intune can be deployed:
o Cloud-only mode
o United configuration mode
 Intune management portals:
o Account Portal
o Admin Portal
o Company Portal
 Tasks to configure the system:
o Add Intune users
o Define Intune policies
o Manage users and groups
o Enroll computers
o Enroll mobile devices
 Security issues when working with mobile device apps:
o App control
o Authentication and credential management
o App whitelisting
o Geo-tagging

Lecture Focus Questions:


 What is the role of a mobile device management (MDM) solution?
 What are the two different types of configurations that can be used when deploying
Windows Intune?
 Which Intune management portal is used by end users to manage their own account
and enroll devices?
 Windows Intune uses two types of groups to manage users and devices. Which group
is used to deploy Intune agent settings?
 What two ways can you enroll standard computer systems in Windows Intune?
Video/Demo Time

5.5.1 Enforcing Security Policies on Mobile Devices 7:57


5.5.2 Enrolling Devices and Performing a Remote Wipe 8:49
5.5.4 Mobile Application Security 9:00

Total 25:46
Number of Exam Questions
8 questions
Total Time
About 40 minutes
Section 5.6: Telephony
Summary
In this section students will learn the basics of telephony, the transmission of voice
communication. Concepts covered include:

 Implementations of voice communications:


o Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN)
o Voice over IP (VoIP)
 VoIP terms:
o Convergence
o H.323
o IPT (Internet Protocol Telephony)
o Real Time protocol (RTP)
o Session Initiation Protocol (SIP)
o Service Delivery Platform (SDP)
o Media stream
o Softswitch
o Voice gateway
 Common exploitation attacks:
o Cramming
o Slamming
o War dialing
o Denial of Service (DoS)
o Cross-site Scripting (XSS)
o Cross Site Request Forgery (CSRF)
 Common cell phone exploitation attacks:
o Cloning
o Sniffing
o Tumbling
 Considerations when managing telephony solutions
Lecture Focus Questions:
 What methods can be used to send digital data through Plain Old Telephone System
(POTS) lines?
 What are common threats to a PBX system? How do you secure the PBX?
 What types of security issues must be considered when using VoIP?
 What is the difference between cramming and slamming?
 What countermeasures protect against war dialing?
 What is the function of the SIP protocol?
 How can VLANs increase network security on systems with VoIP implemented?
Video/Demo Time

5.5.1 Telephony 15:00


Number of Exam Questions
4 questions
Total Time
About 25 minutes
Section 6.1: Networking Layer Protocol
Review
Summary
This section reviews elements of the networking layer protocol design. Details covered
include:

 Open System Interconnection (OSI) model layers:


o Application (Layer 7)
o Presentation (Layer 6)
o Session (Layer 5)
o Transport (Layer 4)
o Network (Layer 3)
o Data Link (Layer 2)
o Physical (Layer 1)
 IP Addresses:
o IPv4 address is a 32-bit binary number between 0 and 255:
 Converting binary to decimal and vice versa
 Subnet mask
 IPv4 classes
o IPv6 address is a 128-bit binary number:
 Prefix
 Interface ID
 The role of subnetting
 Custom subnet masks

Students will learn how to:


 Configure IPv6
 Configure subnetting
Lecture Focus Questions:

 What is the OSI model and why is it important in understanding networking?


 What are the advantages of using a theoretical model to describe networking?
 What type of network would the 192.168.174.34 address represent?
 What are the two parts of an IPv6 address and what do they represent?
 Under what conditions would you choose to subnet a network?
Video/Demo Time

6.1.1 OSI Model 4:08


6.1.3 IP Addressing 17:22
6.1.5 Configuring IPv6 5:28
6.1.6 IP Subnetting 12:35
6.1.7 Configuring Subnetting 8:07

Total 47:40
Number of Exam Questions
9 questions
Total Time
About 65 minutes
Section 6.2: Transport Layer Protocol
Review
Summary
This section reviews elements of the transport layer protocol design. Details covered include:

 Custom subnet masks


 Major protocols:
o Transmission Control Protocol (TCP)
o User Datagram Protocol (UDP)
o Internet Protocol (IP)
o Internetwork Packet Exchange (IPX)
o Network Basic Input/Output System (NetBIOS)
o Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP)
o Address Resolution Protocol (ARP)
o Domain Name System (DNS)
o Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
 The role of ports
 Internet Corporation for Assigning Names and Numbers (ICANN) categories for ports:
o Well-known
o Registered
o Dynamic
 Well-known ports that correspond to common Internet services
 Considerations regarding ports

Students will learn how to:


 Analyze a TCP three-way handshake.
Lecture Focus Questions:

 What are the major differences between TCP and UDP?


 How can ICMP messages be used to provide a valuable security tool?
 What is the best practice when deciding which protocol ports to allow through a
network firewall?
 Why would an administrator find it important to run a port scanner on the system?
Video/Demo Time

6.2.1 Network Protocols 4:45


6.2.3 Analyzing a TCP Three-way Handshake 2:14
6.2.4 TCP and UDP Ports 9:02

Total 16:01
Number of Exam Questions
15 questions
Total Time
About 35 minutes
Section 6.3: Perimeter Attacks 1
Summary
This section discusses different types of attacks and the countermeasures for them to improve
security. Details covered include:

 Reconnaissance types:
o Organizational
o Technical
 Basic stages of reconnaissance:
o Passive reconnaissance
o Active scanning
 Countermeasures for preventing reconnaissance
 Denial of Service attacks (DoS)
 Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks
 Distributed Reflective Denial of Service (DRDoS)
 DoS attacks that use the ICMP protocol:
o Ping flood
o Ping of death
o Smurf
 DoS attacks that exploit the TCP protocol:
o SYN flood
o LAND
o Christmas (Xmas) Tree
 DoS attacks that exploit the UDP protocol include:
o Fraggle
o Teardrop
 Countermeasures for DoS and DDoS

Students will learn how to:


 View and analyze captured traffic using a network analyzer.
 Analyze captured traffic to determine the extent to which the bandwidth is being
compromised.
 Perform a port scan on a system using netstat to determine connections and listening
ports.
 Perform a port scan using nmap to find all the open ports on a remote system.
 Use a UDP flooder to test network bandwidth.
 Scan for MAC addresses and the corresponding IP addresses using a MAC address
scanning tool.
 Perform an ARP poisoning attack on a host to identify vulnerabilities.
 Use a sniffer to detect an unusually high traffic pattern of ARP replies.
Lecture Focus Questions:

 What types of resources make organizational reconnaissance so readily available?


 How is footprinting used to determine the operating system of the recipient?
 How does a Distributed Reflective Denial of Service (DRDoS) increase the severity
of a DoS attack?
 What countermeasures will help to mitigate DoS and DDoS attacks?
Video/Demo Time

6.3.1 Reconnaissance 2:40


6.3.2 Performing Reconnaissance 9:01
6.3.4 Denial of Service (DoS) 7:49
6.3.5 Xmas Tree Attacks 3:23
6.3.7 Performing a UDP Flood Attack 3:54

Total 26:47
Number of Exam Questions
15 questions
Total Time
About 50 minutes
Section 6.4: Perimeter Attacks 2
Summary
This section discusses additional types of attacks and the countermeasures to improve
security. Details covered include:

 Common methods of session based attacks include:


o Man-in-the-middle
o TCP/IP hijacking
o HTTP (session) hijacking
o Replay attack
o Null session
 Common methods of spoofing:
o IP spoofing
o MAC spoofing
o ARP spoofing
 Countermeasures to prevent spoofing
 DNS-based attacks
 Main methods to attack DNS servers:
o Reconnaissance
o DNS poisoning
o Domain name kiting
 Using the HOSTS file to improve security

Students will learn how to:


 Perform queries on name server records using nslookup.
 Restrict zone transfers to specific servers.
 Map malicious Web sites to a loopback address (127.0.0.0) in the HOSTS file.
 Identify who has registered a domain name using Whois.net and SamSpade.org.
 Gather organizational information using Google, job boards, or other common
Internet tools.
Lecture Focus Questions:

 Why is a man-in-the-middle attack so dangerous for the victim?


 What countermeasures can be used to control TCP/IP hijacking?
 What methods should you employ to prevent a replay attack?
 What countermeasures can help prevent spoofing?
 What is the difference between a primary and a secondary DNS server?
 How does domain name kiting work?
 In what ways can the HOSTS file be used to improve security?
Video/Demo Time

6.4.1 Session and Spoofing Attacks 6:41


6.4.3 Performing ARP Poisoning 4:24
6.4.5 DNS Attacks 4:30
6.4.7 Examining DNS Attacks 13:29

Total 29:04
Number of Exam Questions
15 questions
Total Time
About 50 minutes
Section 6.5: Security Appliances
Summary
This section provides basic information about security appliances. Concepts covered include:

 The role of security zones


 Common zones:
o Intranet
o Internet
o Extranet
o Demilitarized Zone
 Network security solutions:
o Proxy server
o Internet content filter
o Network Access Control (NAC)
o All-in-one security appliance
o Application-aware devices

Students will learn how to:


 Enable Parental Controls for a user and configure control settings for allowed Web
sites, time limits, games, and specific programs.
 Enable activity reporting to view Web browsing activities of a user in which you
have configured parental controls.
 Manage users on a security appliance.
 Restrict access to a security appliance based on IP address.
 Use a security appliance to set a user for LAN access only.
Security Pro Exam Objectives:
 4.1 Harden the Network Perimeter (using a Cisco Network Security Appliance).
o Change the Default Username and Password
 7.1 Implement Application Defenses.
o Configure Parental Controls to enforce Web content filtering
Lecture Focus Questions:
 To which security device might you choose to restrict access by user account?
 What types of restrictions can be configured for proxy servers?
 What types of entities commonly use Internet content filtering software?
 What functions does keyword filtering provide?
 How can Network Access Controls (NAC) help to improve the security of a network?
Video/Demo Time

6.5.1 Security Solutions 4:02


6.5.2 Security Zones 5:31
6.5.4 All-In-One Security Appliances 4:30
6.5.6 Configuring Network Security Appliance Access 6:55
Total 20:58
Lab/Activity
 Configure Network Security Appliance Access
Number of Exam Questions
4 questions
Total Time
About 35 minutes
Section 6.6: Demilitarized Zones (DMZ)
Summary
This section examines the role of demilitarized zones (DMZ). Terms discussed that are
related to DMZs are:

 Bastion or sacrificial host


 Screening router
 Duel-homed gateway
 Screened host gateway
 Screened subnet

Students will learn how to:


 Add a server to a DMZ.
 Configure a DMZ port to act as a DHCP Server.
Security Pro exam objectives:
 4.1 Harden the Network Perimeter (using a Cisco Network Security Appliance).
o Create a DMZ
Lecture Focus Questions:
 How is a honey pot used to increase network security?
 How is a gateway different from a router?
 What is the typical configuration for a DMZ configured as dual-homed gateway?
 A screened subnet uses two firewalls. What are the functions of each firewall?
 What type of computers might exist inside of a demilitarized zone (DMZ)?
 What makes bastion hosts vulnerable to attack? What should you do to harden
bastion hosts?
Video/Demo Time

6.6.1 Demilitarized Zones (DMZ) 9:49


6.6.2 Configuring a DMZ 5:42

Total 15:31
Lab/Activity
 Configure a DMZ
Number of Exam Questions
8 questions
Total Time
About 30 minutes
Section 6.7: Firewalls
Summary
This section discusses basic information about firewalls. Concepts covered include:

 Firewall considerations:
o Network-based firewall
o Host-based firewall
o Filtering rules
o Access control lists (ACLs)
 Firewall types:
o Packet filtering
o Stateful
o Application
 Managing firewalls

Students will learn how to:


 Enable Windows Firewall and configure exceptions to control communications
through the firewall.
 Configure inbound and outbound rules to control traffic.
 Create a custom rule to allow ICMP Echo Requests through a firewall.
 Import and export firewall rules to other machines to create firewalls with uniform
settings.
Security Pro Exam Objectives:
 4.1 Harden the Network Perimeter (using a Cisco Network Security Appliance).
o Configure a Firewall
Lecture Focus Questions:
 What is the difference between a network-based firewall and a host-based firewall?
 When would you choose to implement a host-based firewall?
 What traffic characteristics can be specified in a filtering rule for a packet filtering
firewall?
 How does a packet filtering firewall differ from a circuit-level gateway?
 Why is a packet filtering firewall a stateless device?
 What types of filter criteria can an application layer firewall use for filtering?
Video/Demo Time

6.7.1 Firewalls 5:33


6.7.3 Configuring a Perimeter Firewall 9:47

Total 15:20
Lab/Activity
 Configure a Perimeter Firewall
Number of Exam Questions
15 questions
Total Time
About 40 minutes
Section 6.8: Network Address Translation
(NAT)
Summary
This section examines using a Network Address Translation (NAT) router to translate
multiple private addresses into a single registered IP address. Concepts covered include:

 NAT implementations:
o Network Address and port Translation
o Static NAT
o Dynamic and Static NAT
 Considerations when implementing NAT

Students will learn how to:


 Install and configure the Network Address Translation (NAT) IP routing protocol on
a router.
 Configure the NAT router to act as a DHCP server.
 Configure the NAT router to act as a DNS proxy.
Security Pro Exam Objectives:
 4.1 Harden the Network Perimeter (using a Cisco Network Security Appliance).
o Configure NAT
Lecture Focus Questions:
 How has NAT extended the use of IPv4?
 How does a NAT router associate a port number with a request from a private host?
 What are the three ways in which NAT can be implemented?
 Where is NAT typically implemented?
 Why do private networks have a limited range of IP addresses they can use?
Video/Demo Time

6.8.1 Network Address Translation 15:57


6.8.2 Configuring NAT 5:11
Total 21:08
Number of Exam Questions
6 questions
Total Time
About 30 minutes
Section 6.9: Virtual Private Networks
(VPN)
Summary
This section discusses using a virtual private network (VPN) to securely send data over an
untrusted network. Details include:

 VPNs work by using a tunneling protocol


 Ways VPNs can be implemented:
o Host-to-host VPN
o Site-to-site VPN
o Remote access VPN
 Tunnel endpoints
 Implementing a VPN
 Types of protocols used by VPNs:
o Carrier protocol
o Tunneling protocol
o Passenger protocol
 Common VPN tunneling protocols:
o Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP)
o Layer 2 Forwarding (L2F)
o Layer Two Tunneling Protocol (L2TP)
o Internet Protocol Security (IPSec)
o Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)

Students will learn how to:


 Configure a remote access VPN connection.
Security Pro Exam Objectives:
 4.1 Harden the Network Perimeter (using a Cisco Network Security Appliance).
o Configure VPN
Lecture Focus Questions:
 What are the three ways VPNs can be implemented?
 What is a VPN concentrator?
 What function do VPN endpoints provide?
 Which IPsec mode does not encrypt the header of a transmission? Why?
 What are the three types of protocols used by VPNs?
 Which IPsec protocol does not encrypt data?
Video/Demo Time

6.9.1 Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) 10:16


6.9.2 Configuring a VPN 4:25

Total 14:41
Lab/Activity
 Configure a Remote Access VPN
 Configure a VPN Connection iPad
Number of Exam Questions
11 questions
Total Time
About 40 minutes
Section 6.10: Web Threat Protection
Summary
In this section students will learn about the following protections against web threats:

 Website/URL content filtering


 Web threat filtering
 Gateway E-mail Spam blockers
 Virus blockers
 Antiphishing software

Students will learn how to:


 Configure Web threat protection.
Security Pro Exam Objectives:
 4.1 Harden the Network Perimeter (using a Cisco Network Security Appliance).
o Implement Web Threat Protection
 7.1 Implement Application Defenses.
o Configure Parental Controls to enforce Web content filtering
Lecture Focus Questions:
 How have Web threats become more sophisticated?
 Which Web threat protections prevent a user from visiting restricted websites?
 How is Web threat filtering implemented?
 What types of filters can be used by spam blockers?
Video/Demo Time

6.10.1 Web Threat Protection 9:29


6.10.2 Configuring Web Threat Protection 4:26

Total 13:55
Lab/Activity
 Configure Web Threat Protection
Number of Exam Questions
4 questions
Total Time
About 25 minutes
Section 6.11: Network Access Control
(NAC)
Summary
In this section students will explore network access control (NAC). Details about the
following concepts will be covered:

 Components of Network Access Protection (NAP):


o NAP Client
o NAP Server
o Enforcement Server (ES)
o Remediation Server
 Enforcement point types:
o DHCP
o Remote Desktop (RD) Gateway
o VPN
o 802.1x
o IPSec

Students will learn how to:


 Configure Network Access Protection to restrict network access to only clients that
meet specified health criteria.
 Add the necessary role services to implement Network Access Protection (NAP).
 Enable NAP on an enforcement point.
 Create domain and server isolation rules.
 Configure system health validator and health policy settings.
Lecture Focus Questions:
 How do remediation servers and auto-remediation help clients become compliant?
 What server role service do you add to configure a server as an enforcement point for
NAP?
 How do you define the quarantine network when using 802.1x enforcement?
 Which enforcement method uses a Health Registration Authority (HRA)?
 What type of communication occurs in the boundary network when using IPsec
enforcement?
Video/Demo Time

6.11.1 Network Access Protection 19:57


6.11.2 Implementing NAP with DHCP Enforcement 15:56

Total 35:53
Number of Exam Questions
4 questions
Total Time
About 45 minutes
Section 6.12: Wireless Overview
Summary
This section provides an overview of wireless networking. Details include:

 Wireless networking concepts:


o Wireless access point (WAP)
o Wireless antennae
o Wireless interface
o Wireless bridge
o Wireless configuration
o Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMAX)
o GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications)
o Near field communication (NFC)
 Methods to implement security for wireless networking:
o Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP)
o Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA)
 Wi-Fi Protected Access 2 (WPA2) or 802.11i
Students will learn how to:
 Manually connect to a wireless network.
 Manage wireless networks.
 Secure a wireless network from unauthorized connections.
Lecture Focus Questions:
 What is the role of a wireless access point (WAP)?
 What is the difference in functionality between an omnidirectional antenna and a
directional antenna?
 What two methods are available for configuring a wireless network?
 What are the advantages of using the WiMAX protocol for long-range wireless
networking?
Video/Demo Time

6.12.1 Wireless Networking Overview 5:35


6.12.2 Wireless Antenna Types 8:03
6.12.4 Wireless Encryption 6:45
6.12.6 Configuring a Wireless Connection 12:22

Total 32:45

Lab/Activity
 Secure a Wireless Network
Number of Exam Questions
15 questions
Total Time
About 60 minutes
Section 6.13: Wireless Attacks
Summary
In this section students will learn about security attacks that wireless networks are vulnerable
to:

 Rogue access point


 Wardriving
 War chalking
 Packet sniffing
 Initialization Vector (IV) attack
 Interference
 Bluetooth
 Near Field Communication (NFC)
 Wi-Fi Protected Setup
Lecture Focus Questions:
 What steps can you take to protect your wireless network from data emanation?
 What is the difference between bluejacking and bluesnarfing?
 Why is a successful bluebugging attack more dangerous for the victim than a
bluesnarfing attack?
 What is the best method to protect against attacks directed towards Bluetooth
capabilities?
 What is the difference between a rogue access point and evil twin?
 How can you protect your network against rogue access points?
Video/Demo Time

6.13.1 Wireless Attacks 13:28


6.13.3 Using Wireless Attack Tools 9:06
6.13.4 Detecting Rogue Hosts 7:37

Total 30:11

Number of Exam Questions


15 questions
Total Time
About 50 minutes
Section 6.14: Wireless Defenses
Summary
This section discusses defenses to secure wireless transmissions. Details include:

 Considerations when using 802.1x authentication for wireless networks.


 Extensible protocols that support 802.1x authentication:
o Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP)
o Light-weight Extensible Authentication Protocol (LEAP)
o Protected Extensible Authentication Protocol (PEAP)
 Additional security considerations with wireless networks:
o SSID obfuscation
o MAC address filtering
o Antenna placement, power level, and orientation
o Encryption
o Captive portals
o Authentication
o Rogue host detection
Students will learn how to:
 Configure a wireless access point by disabling the SSID broadcast and enabling
security.
 Configure a wireless network profile to automatically connect even if the SSID
broadcast is turned off.
 Scan a network to detect wireless access points and determine if the access points are
secure.
Security Pro Exam Objectives:

 4.2 Secure a Wireless Access Point (WAP).


o Change the Default Username, Password, and Administration limits
o Implement WPA2
o Configure Enhanced Security
 MAC filtering
 SSID cloaking
 Power Control
o Disable Network Discovery
Lecture Focus Questions:
 How does turning off the SSID broadcast help to secure the wireless network?
 What methods can you use to secure a wireless network from data emanation?
 What does open authentication use for authenticating a device? Why is this not a
very secure solution?
 What two additional components are required to implement 802.1x authentication?
 What does WEP use for the encryption key? Why does this present a security
problem?
 Why should you not use shared key authentication with WEP?
 What is the difference between WPA Personal and WPA Enterprise?
 You have an access point that currently supports only WEP. What would you
typically need to do to support WPA2?
 What is the encryption method used with WPA? WPA2?
Video/Demo Time

6.14.1 Wireless Security Considerations 12:54


6.14.2 Wireless Authentication 4:40
6.14.4 Configuring a Wireless Access Point 19:54
6.14.7 Configuring a Captive Portal 12:02

Total 49:30
Lab/Activity
 Obscure a Wireless Network
 Configure a Wireless Profile
Number of Exam Questions
15 questions
Total Time
About 80 minutes
Section 7.1: Network Devices
Summary
This section examines the characteristics of the following common network devices:

 Network Interface Card (NIC)


 Hub
 Wireless Access Point (WAP)
 Switch
 Bridge
 Router
 Gateway

Lecture Focus Questions:


 What are the security advantages of using switches over hubs?
 What security problems could static routing pose on a large network?
 What security threat do broadcasts allow?
 What information does a router ACL use to allow or reject packets?
Video/Demo Time

7.1.1 Network Devices 5:51


Number of Exam Questions
7 questions
Total Time
About 15 minutes
Section 7.2: Network Device
Vulnerabilities
Summary
In this section students will learn about the following network device vulnerabilities:

 Default accounts and passwords


 Weak passwords
 Privilege escalation
 Backdoor
Students will learn how to:
 Search a database for default passwords for network devices.
Security Pro Exam Objectives:
 5.1 Harden Network Devices (using a Cisco Small Business Switch).
o Change the Default Username and Password on network devices
Lecture Focus Questions:
 For security considerations, what is the first thing you should do when new hardware
and software is turned on for the first time?
 What are the characteristics of a complex password?
 How is privilege escalation different than hacking into a system to gain access to
resources?
 What measures should be completed to protect against backdoors?
Video/Demo Time

7.2.1 Device Vulnerabilities 1:47


7.2.3 Searching Defaultpasswords.com 1:23
7.2.4 Securing a Switch 3:21

Total 6:31
Lab/Activity

 Secure a Switch
Number of Exam Questions
4 questions
Total Time
About 20 minutes
Section 7.3: Switch Attacks
Summary
This section discusses common attacks that are perpetrated against switches:

 MAC flooding
 ARP spoofing/poisoning
 MAC spoofing
 Dynamic Trunking Protocol (DTP)
Students will learn how to:
 Secure a switch.
Security Pro Exam Objectives:

 5.1 Harden Network Devices (using a Cisco Small Business Switch).


o Implement Port Security

Lecture Focus Questions:


 What types of attacks are commonly perpetrated against switches?
 How does MAC flooding make a switch function as a hub? What is this state called?
 How are switches indirectly involved in ARP poisoning?
 How does the attacker hide his identity when performing MAC spoofing?
 What is a more secure alternative to using the Dynamic Trunking Protocol (DTP)?
Video/Demo Time

7.3.1 Switch Attacks 5:04


Number of Exam Questions
4 questions
Total Time
About 10 minutes
Section 7.4: Router Security
Summary
This section discusses actions to take to increase router security. Concepts covered include:

 General actions to secure routers:


o Secure passwords
o Secure protocols
o Physical security
o Secure configuration file

Security Pro Exam Objectives:


 5.1 Harden Network Devices (using a Cisco Small Business Switch).
o Shut down unneeded services and ports
o Implement Port Security
o Remove unsecure protocols (FTP, telnet, rlogin, rsh)
o Run latest iOS version
 8.2 Protect Data Transmissions across open, public networks.
o Encrypt Data Communications
Lecture Focus Questions:
 What hashing algorithm is used to encrypt the password on a Cisco device?
 What secure protocols should you use to remotely manage a router?
 What type of actions can be used to ensure the physical security of network devices?
Video/Demo Time

7.4.1 Router Security 8:56


Number of Exam Questions
4 questions
Total Time
About 15 minutes
Section 7.5: Switch Security
Summary
This section discusses actions to take to increase switch security. Concepts covered include:

 Switch features that can be implemented to increase network security:


o Virtual LAN (VLAN)
o MAC filtering/port security
o Port authentication (802.1x)
 Considerations when implementing switch security
 Switching loop
 Types of ports used by the spanning tree protocol:
o Root ports
o Designated ports
o Blocked ports
 Ports in the spanning tree protocol exist in one of five states:
o Blocking
o Listening
o Learning
o Forwarding
o Disabled

Students will learn how to:


 Create VLANs and assign switch ports to VLANs.
 Configure a trunk port on a switch.
 Harden a switch.
 Secure access to a new switch.
Security Pro Exam Objectives:
 5.1 Harden Network Devices (using a Cisco Small Business Switch).
o Implement Port Security
o Remove unsecure protocols (FTP, telnet, rlogin, rsh)
o Run latest iOS version
o Segment Traffic using VLANs
Lecture Focus Questions:
 How does a switch identify devices that are in different VLANs?
 What is the function of a trunk port?
 When trunking is used, how is the receiving switch able to identify which VLAN the
frame belongs to?
 What is required for devices to communicate between VLANs?
 How is port security different from port filtering?
 Which secure protocols should you use to remotely manage a router?
Video/Demo Time

7.5.1 Switch Security 13:01


7.5.2 Switch Loop Protection 10:46
7.5.4 Configuring VLANs from the CLI 4:32
7.5.6 Configuring VLANs 3:32
7.5.8 Hardening a Switch 14:10

Total 46:01
Lab/Activity

 Explore VLANs from the CLI


 Explore VLANs
 Harden a Switch
 Secure Access to a Switch
 Secure Access to a Switch 2
Number of Exam Questions
15 questions
Total Time
About 90 minutes
Section 7.6: Intrusion Detection and
Prevention
Summary
In this section students will learn the basics of intrusion detection and prevention. Concepts
covered include:

 The role of an intrusion detection system (IDS)


 State of how IDS is labeled:
o Positive
o False positive
o Negative
o False negative
 Typical detection systems:
o Response capability
o Recognition method
o Detection scope
 Fake resources to protect servers and networks:
o Honeypot
o Honeynet
o Tarpit (also called a sticky honeypot)
 Cautions when implementing solutions:
o Enticement
o Entrapment
 Intruder Detection considerations
Students will learn how to:
 Monitor network activity using intrusion detection software to capture and view
network traffic.
Lecture Focus Questions:
 What does it mean when traffic is labeled as a false negative?
 What data sources does an IDS system use to gather information that it will analyze to
find attacks?
 How does an IPS differ from an IDS?
 What type of recognition method is used by most virus scanning software?
 What is the advantage to using a network-based IDS instead of a host-based IDS?
 What are the security reasons for using a honeypot or honeynet?
 After an attack, what types of data should you back up to retain information about the
attack for future investigations?
Video/Demo Time

7.6.1 Intrusion Detection 7:31


7.6.2 Detection vs. Prevention Controls 7:50
7.6.4 Implementing Intrusion Monitoring 3:33
7.6.5 Implementing Intrusion Prevention 7:51

Total 26:45
Lab/Activity

 Implement Intrusion Prevention


Number of Exam Questions
15 questions
Total Time
About 50 minutes
Section 7.7: SAN Security
Summary
This section discusses the following security controls to increase the security of a Storage
Area Network (SAN):

 Default user names and passwords


 Logical unit number (LUN) masking
 Fabric zoning
 Virtual SANs (VSANs)
 Authentication
 Encryption
Students will learn how to:
 Secure an iSCSI SAN using an access control list and mutual authentication.
Lecture Focus Questions:
 How does LUN masking increase security?
 What are the three different ways that fabric zoning can be implemented?
 What is the role of VSANs?
 What device connection controls can be implemented to protect SANs from common
network attacks?
 What types of authentication mechanisms are available for Fibre Channel SANs?
Video/Demo Time

7.7.1 SAN Security Issues 14:32


7.7.2 Configuring an iSCSI SAN 9:57

Total 24:29
Number of Exam Questions
5 questions
Total Time
About 30 minutes
Section 8.1: Malware
Summary
This section provides an overview of malware. Concepts covered include:

 Common malware:
o Virus
o Worm
o Trojan horse
o Zombie
o Botnet
o Rootkit
o Logic bomb
o Spyware
o Adware
o Ransomware
o Scareware
o Crimeware
 Terms related to exploiting software and system vulnerabilities:
o Hacker
o Cracker
o Script kiddy
o Phreaker
 Historic malware events:
o Stoned
o Michelangelo
o CHI/Chernobyl Virus
o Melissa
o I Love You
o Code Red
o Nimda
o Klez
 Actions to take to prevent being infected with malware
 Actions to take to recover from malware

Students will learn how to:


 Scan a system with anti-malware software to identify potential threats.
 Configure Windows Defender protections to secure a network from malware.
 Quarantine and remove malware.
 Analyze startup programs to detect possible malware.
Security Pro Exam Objectives:
 6.1 Harden Computer Systems Against Attack.
o Protect against spyware and unwanted software using Windows Defender
 9.2 Review security logs and violation reports, implement remediation.
Lecture Focus Questions:
 What is the difference between a virus and a worm?
 Which types of malware can be spread through e-mail?
 How are Trojans and botnets related?
 What does it mean for software to be quarantined?
 Why is it a good practice to show file extensions?
 In addition to implementing virus scanning software, what must you do to ensure that
you are protected from the latest virus variations?
Video/Demo Time

8.1.1 Malware 9:28


8.1.4 Implementing Malware Protections 23:43
8.1.5 Using Windows Defender 14:22

Total 47:33
Lab/Activity
 Configure Windows Defender
Number of Exam Questions
15 questions
Total Time
About 75 minutes
Section 8.2: Password Attacks
Summary
This section provides information about password attacks. Concepts covered include:

 Methods that threat agents use to discover or crack passwords:


o Tools to check for unencrypted or weakly encrypted passwords
o Social engineering
o Brute force attacks
o Tools to crack passwords:
 Programs such as SnadBoy’s Revelation
 Keylogging software
 Rainbow tables
 Hashed passwords collection methods
 Strategies to protect against password attacks:
o Educate users on how to create and remember strong passwords
o Protect access to the password file
o Salt the hash to mitigate rainbow table attacks
o Implement two-factor authentication

Students will learn how to:


 Analyze the strength of passwords by using a rainbow table to perform a
cryptanalysis attack on the hashed values of passwords.
 Use SnadBoy's Revelation to reveal a password.
 Use a keylogger to capture a password.
Lecture Focus Questions:
 How are attackers able to recover passwords?
 What are the characteristics of a complex password?
 What are the differences between brute force and dictionary attacks?
 How does account lockout help secure an account?
 What technique will mitigate rainbow table attacks?
Video/Demo Time

8.2.1 Password Attacks 2:04


8.2.3 Using Rainbow Tables 4:48
8.2.4 Capturing Passwords 5:40

Total 12:32
Number of Exam Questions
4 questions
Total Time
About 20 minutes
Section 8.3: Windows System Hardening
Summary
In this section students will learn about hardening a Windows system. Concepts covered
include:

 The role of hardening to secure devices and hardware


 Recommendations for hardening systems
 Types of updates:
o Hotfix
o Patch
o Service pack
 Consideration when managing updates

Students will learn how to:


 Harden a system by changing default account passwords and verifying user and
group assignments.
 Lock down system security by installing only required software and roles and
disabling unnecessary services.
 Use security templates to apply or audit security settings on your system.
 Use Group Policy to deploy multiple settings to multiple machines in an Active
Directory domain.
 Use Windows Updates and WSUS to automate patch management of your Windows
system.
Security Pro Exam Objectives:
 6.1 Harden Computer Systems Against Attack.
o Configure a GPO to enforce Workstation/Server security settings
o Configure Domain GPO to enforce use of Windows Firewall
 6.2 Implement Patch Management/System Updates.
o Configure Windows Update
Lecture Focus Questions:
 What is hardening? How does it benefit the security of an organization?
 How do you reduce the attack surface of a device?
 What is a security baseline?
 What is the difference between a hotfix and a patch? Why would you use one over the
other?
Video/Demo Time

8.3.1 Operating System Hardening 5:13


8.3.3 Hardening an Operating System 6:41
8.3.4 Managing Automatic Updates 18:31
8.3.6 Configuring Windows Firewall 10:11
8.3.8 Configuring Windows Firewall Advanced Features 16:59
8.3.9 Configuring Parental Controls 18:21

Total 75:56
Lab/Activity
 Configure Automatic Updates
 Configure Windows Firewall
 Configure Parental Controls
Number of Exam Questions
10 questions
Total Time
About 105 minutes
Section 8.4: Hardening Enforcement
Summary
This section discusses hardening enforcement using GPOs. Concepts covered include:

 The role of GPOs


 Using GPOs to perform specific hardening tasks
 Using the Security Configuration and Analysis snap-in
 Considerations when using GPOs

Students will learn how to:


 Configure a GPO.
 Implement controls using a security template.
Security Pro Exam Objectives:
 6.1 Harden Computer Systems Against Attack.
o Configure a GPO to enforce Workstation/Server security settings
o Configure Domain Servers GPO to remove unneeded services (such as File
and Printer Sharing)
Lecture Focus Questions:
 How do GPOs ensure the consistent application of controls?
 Which hardening tasks can be implemented using a GPO?
 How can you determine that the security controls implemented are still enforced?
 What are security templates and how are they used?
 What is the easiest way to set controls on a Windows system according the NSA
recommendation?
Video/Demo Time

8.4.1 Hardening Enforcement with GPOs 1:50


8.4.2 Using Security Templates and Group Policy 6:53
8.4.3 Configuring GPOs to Enforce Security 15:24

Total 24:07
Lab/Activity

 Manage Services with Group Policy


Number of Exam Questions
4 questions
Total Time
About 35 minutes
Section 8.5: File Server Security
Summary
This section examines managing file server security. Details include:

 Considerations when managing file system security


 Considerations for securing file transfer using the following TCP/IP protocols:
o File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
o Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP)
o Secure Copy Protocol (SCP)
o Secure Shell File Transfer Protocol (SFTP)
o Secure FTP
o FTP Secure (FTPS)
 File Server Resource Manager (FSRM)
 Managing file system permissions:
o Share permissions
o NTFS permissions
o Effective permissions

Students will learn how to:


 Configure the NTFS permissions by turning off the permissions inheritance.
 Assign NTFS permission for a folder to the appropriate group.
Security Pro exam objectives:
 6.1 Harden Computer Systems Against Attack.
o Configure NTFS Permissions for Secure file sharing
 8.2 Protect Data Transmissions across open, public networks.
o Implement secure protocols
Lecture Focus Questions:
 How can you identify if a permission has been inherited?
 How do Share and NTFS permissions differ?
 On what elements can NTFS permissions be set?
 How can you view the users that have permissions for a particular drive?
 How can permissions inheritance influence the effective permissions that a user has?
How can you determine if a permission is inherited or specifically assigned?
 As the administrator, you have given Fred the write permission to the SalesReport
file, but he cannot write to the file. What items would you check to determine why
Fred can't write to the file?
Video/Demo Time

8.5.1 File Server Security 7:58


8.5.2 Scanning for Open Ports 3:52
8.5.5 Configuring NTFS Permissions 14:05
Total 25:55
Lab/Activity

 Configure NTFS Permissions


 Disable Inheritance
Number of Exam Questions
8 questions
Total Time
About 50 minutes
Section 8.6: Linux Host Security
Summary
In this section students will learn the basics of securing a Linux host. General procedures and
the commands to perform them include:

 Removing unneeded software


 Checking for unneeded network services
 Locating open ports
 Checking network connections
Students will learn how to:
 Scan for open ports on Linux.
 Identify open network connections on Linux.
Lecture Focus Questions:
 What is a socket?
 Which utility will scan for all listening and non-listening sockets?
 Which utility will identify open ports on the Linux system?
 Which commands should you use to disable unneeded daemons?
Video/Demo ` Time

8.6.1 Linux Host Security 7:10


8.6.2 Removing Unneeded Services and Scanning Ports 6:30

Total 13:40
Number of Exam Questions
4 questions
Total Time
About 20 minutes
Section 8.7: Static Environment Security
Summary
This section discusses how smart devices have created a security problem for networks and
how to protect against them. Details include:

 Examples of embedded smart technology in:


o Household appliances
o Industrial equipment
 What are static environments?
 The Internet of Things (IoT) attack
 Download and update the firmware of smart devices when the option is available
 Secure networks and systems against the highly distributed attacks facilitated by
smart devices
Lecture Focus Questions:
 What type of common consumer devices have been used to conduct malicious
activities?
 What are the reasons that smart devices are common targets for cipher criminals?
Video/Demo ` Time

8.7.1 Security Risks in Static Environments 4:26


Number of Exam Questions
3 questions
Total Time
About 10 minutes
Section 9.1: Web Application Attacks
Summary
This section discusses the following Web application attacks:

 Drive-by download
 Typosquatting/URL hijacking
 Watering hole
 Buffer overflow
 Integer overflow
 Cross-site scripting (XSS)
 Cross-site Request Forgery (CSRF/XSRF)
 LDAP injection
 XML injection
 Command injection
 SQL injection
 DLL injection
 Directory traversal
 Header manipulation
 Zero-day
 Client-side

Students will learn how to:


 Improve security by using a Firefox add-on, NoScript, to protect against XSS and
drive-by-downloadings.
 Configure pop-up blockers to block or allow pop-ups.
 Implement phishing protection within the browser.
 Configure Internet Explorer Enhanced Security Configuration security settings to
manage the security levels of security zones.
Security Pro Exam Objectives:
 7.1 Implement Application Defenses.
o Configure Web Application Security
Lecture Focus Questions:
 What are two ways that drive-by download attacks occur?
 What countermeasures can be used to eliminate buffer overflow attacks?
 How can cross-site scripting (XSS) be used to breach the security of a Web user?
 What is the best method to prevent SQL injection attacks?
 What mitigation practices will help to protect Internet-based activities from Web
application attacks?
Video/Demo Time

9.1.1 Web Application Attacks 2:49


9.1.2 Cross-site Request Forgery (XSRF) Attack 10:51
9.1.3 Injection Attacks 14:30
9.1.4 Header Manipulation 9:01
9.1.5 Zero Day Application Attacks 6:59
9.1.6 Client Side Attacks 6:22
9.1.8 Preventing Cross-site Scripting 4:05

Total 54:37
Number of Exam Questions
15 questions
Total Time
About 75 minutes
Section 9.2: Internet Browsers
Summary
This section provides information about configuring internet browsers to enhance the privacy
and security of a system. Concepts covered include:

 Indications of an unsecured connection or attack


 Configuring security settings in Internet Explorer:
o Zones
o Add-ons
o Privacy
 Configuring security settings in Firefox:
o General
o Content
o Privacy
o Security

Students will learn how to:


 Customize security levels and security settings for security zones in Internet
Explorer.
 Download and manage add-ons in Internet Explorer.
 Protect privacy by configuring cookie handling.
 Clear the browser cache.
Security Pro Exam Objectives:
 7.1 Implement Application Defenses.
o Configure a GPO to enforce Internet Explorer settings
o Configure Secure Browser Settings
Lecture Focus Questions:
 What types of information do cookies store? Why could this be a security concern?
 What steps should you take to secure the browser from add-ons that are not
appropriate for your environment?
 For security's sake, what should you do whenever you use a public computer to access
the Internet and retrieve personal data?
 What elements might indicate an unsecured connection or an attack?
 Why should you turn off the remember search and form history feature?
Video/Demo Time

9.2.1 Managing Security Zones and Add-ons 20:26


9.2.2 Configuring IE Enhanced Security 9:11
9.2.3 Managing Cookies 12:38
9.2.5 Clearing the Browser Cache 9:28
9.2.7 Implementing Popup Blockers 7:26
9.2.10 Enforcing IE Settings through GPO 12:47

Total 71:56
Lab/Activity

 Configure Cookie Handling


 Clear the Browser Cache
 Configure IE Popup Blocker
 Enforce IE Settings through GPO
 Configure IE Preferences in a GPO
Number of Exam Questions
8 questions
Total Time
About 105 minutes
Section 9.3: E-mail
Summary
This section discusses how to secure e-mail from attacks. Details include:

 E-mail attacks:
o Virus
o Spam
o Open SMTP relay
o Phishing
 To secure e-mail use:
o Secure/Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (S/MIME)
o Pretty Good Privacy (PGP)

Students will learn how to:


 Filter junk mail by selecting the level of junk e-mail protection you want.
 Control spam on the client by configuring safe sender, blocked senders, white lists,
and black lists.
 Configure e-mail filtering to block e-mails from specified countries and languages.
 Configure relay restrictions to specify who can relay through the SMTP server.
Security Pro Exam Objectives:
2.1 Promote Information Security Awareness.
o Utilizing E-mail best practices
 3.2 Harden mobile devices (iPad).
o Configure Secure E-mail Settings
Lecture Focus Questions:

 What are the advantages of scanning for e-mail viruses at the server instead of at the
client?
 How can spam cause denial of service?
 What is a best practice when configuring an SMTP relay to prevent spammers from
using your mail server to send mail?
 How can you protect yourself against phishing attacks?
 What services do S/MIME and PGP provide for e-mail?
 How does S/MIME differ from PGP?
Video/Demo Time

9.3.1 E-mail Security 4:43


9.3.3 Protecting a Client from Spam 10:29
9.3.4 Securing an E-mail Server 2:45
9.3.6 Securing E-mail on iPad 5:52

Total 23:49
Lab/Activity

 Configure E-mail Filters


 Secure E-mail on iPad
Number of Exam Questions
8 questions
Total Time
About 45 minutes
Section 9.4: Network Applications
Summary
This section provides information about security concerns for the following networking
software:

 Peer-to-peer (P2P)
 Instant Messaging (IM)

Students will learn how to:


 Set up content filters for downloading or uploading copyrighted materials.
 Use P2P file sharing programs to search for and share free files.
 Block ports used by P2P software.
 Secure instant messaging by blocking invitations from unknown persons.
Lecture Focus Questions:
 What kinds of security problems might you have with P2P software?
 What types of malware are commonly spread through instant messaging (IM)?
 What security concerns should you be aware of with instant messaging software?
 What security measures should you incorporate to control the use of networking
software?
Video/Demo Time

9.4.1 Network Application Security 2:19


9.4.2 Spim 3:43
9.4.3 Using Peer-to-peer Software 3:04
9.4.4 Securing Windows Messenger 2:48
9.4.5 Configuring Application Control Software 9:05

Total 20:59
Number of Exam Questions
5 questions
Total Time
About 25 minutes
Section 9.5: Virtualization
Summary
This section provides information about virtualization. Concepts covered include:

 Components of virtualization:
o Physical machine
o Virtual machine
o Virtual Hard Disk (VHD)
o Hypervisor
 Advantages of virtualization:
o Flexibility
o Security
o Testing
o Server consolidation
o Isolation
o Applications virtualization
 Disadvantages of virtualization
 Security considerations for a virtual machine
 Load Balancing methods with virtualization include:
o Resource pooling
o Workload balancing

Students will learn how to:


 Create and configure a new virtual machine.
 Configure the virtual machine by allocating resources for memory and a virtual hard
disk.
 Create a virtual network and configure it as an external, internal, or private virtual
network.
Lecture Focus Questions:
 What is the relationship between the host and the guest operating systems?
 What is the function of the hypervisor?
 How can virtualization be used to increase the security on a system?
 What are the advantages of virtualization? Disadvantages?
 What is the purpose of load balancing?
 What type of load balancing distributes a workload?
Video/Demo Time

9.5.1 Virtualization Introduction 4:01


9.5.2 Virtualization Benefits 3:08
9.5.3 Load Balancing with Virtualization 10:39
9.5.4 Creating Virtual Machines 4:22
9.5.5 Managing Virtual Machines 5:09
9.5.7 Adding Virtual Network Adapters 1:30
9.5.8 Creating Virtual Switches 3:26

Total 32:15
Lab/Activity

 Create Virtual Machines


 Create Virtual Switches
Number of Exam Questions
8 questions
Total Time
About 55 minutes
Section 9.6: Application Development
Summary
This section discusses hardening applications. Concepts covered include:

 Secure coding concepts:


o Error and exception handling
o Input validation
 Terms:
o Exception-safe
o Fuzz testing:
 Mutation based
 Generation-based
o Code review
o Baselines
o Configuration testing
 Basic hardening guidelines for applications
 Techniques used for application hardening:
o Block process spawning
o Control access to executable files
o Protect OS components
o Use exception rules
o Monitor logs
o Use Data Execution Prevention
o Implement third-party applications hardening tools
 NoSQL:
o Key security issues
 Actions to harden a NoSQL implementation

Students will learn how to:


 Use AppArmor to harden a Linux system.
 Implement application whitelisting with AppLocker.
Security Pro Exam Objectives:
 7.1 Implement Application Defenses.
o Configure a GPO for Application Whitelisting
o Enable Data Execution Prevention (DEP)
Lecture Focus Questions:
 What is the purpose of fuzzing?
 What will input validation ensure?
 What are the basic techniques for application hardening?
 When should you update applications with the latest patches?
Video/Demo Time

9.6.1 Secure Coding Concepts 16:18


9.6.2 Application Hardening 11:02
9.6.4 Hardening Applications on Linux 4:26
9.6.5 Implementing Application Whitelisting with AppLocker 13:03
9.6.7 Implementing Data Execution Preventions (DEP) 4:01
9.6.10 NoSQL Security 5:18

Total 54:08
Lab/Activity

 Implement Application Whitelisting with AppLocker


 Implement Data Execution Preventions (DEP)
Number of Exam Questions
6 questions
Total Time
About 75 minutes
Section 10.1: Redundancy
Summary
In this section students will explore methods for providing redundancy for network services.
Details about the following concepts will be covered:

 Methods for providing redundancy for network services and components


 Types of redundancy solutions:
o Hot site
o Warm site
o Cold site
 The role of a service bureau
 Important facts about redundant facilities
 Redundancy measurement parameters:
o Recovery Time Objective (RTO)
o Recovery Point Objective (RPO)
o Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF)
o Mean Time to Failure (MTTF)
o Mean Time to Repair (MTTR)
o Maximum Tolerable Downtime (MTD)
 Common RAID levels:
o RAID 0 (striping)
o RAID 5 (striping with distributed parity)
o RAID 1 (mirroring)
o RAID 0+1
o RAID 1+0
 The role of clustering
 A high availability cluster (HA)
 A load balancing cluster

Students will learn how to:


 Configure a mirrored or a RAID 5 volume for data redundancy.
Security Pro Exam Objectives:

 8.1 Protect and maintain the integrity of data files.


o Implement redundancy and failover mechanisms

Lecture Focus Questions:


 What is the usual activation goal time for a hot site? How does that differ from a
warm site?
 Why is a hot site so much more expensive to operate than a warm site?
 Why is it important that two companies with a reciprocal agreement should not be
located too closely to each other?
 Of the three redundancy solutions, which is the most common redundant site type?
Why is it the most common?
 Which functions should be returned first when returning services from the backup
facility back to the primary facility?
 Why should you locate redundant sites at least 25 miles from the primary site?
 What is the main advantage of RAID 0? Disadvantage?
 What is the difference between RAID 0+1 and RAID 1+0?
Video/Demo Time

10.1.1 Redundancy 4:55


10.1.2 Redundancy Measurement Parameters 5:12
10.1.4 RAID 7:27
10.1.5 Implementing RAID 6:16
10.1.8 Clustering 9:06

Total 32:56
Lab/Activity

 Configure Fault Tolerant Volumes


Number of Exam Questions
15 questions
Total Time
About 65 minutes
Section 10.2: Backup and Restore
Summary
This section covers the following details about backup and restore.

 Types of backups:
o Full
o Incremental
o Differential
o Image
o Copy
o Daily
 Backup strategies:
o Full Backup
o Full + Incremental
o Full + Differential
 Considerations when managing backups
 Backup media rotation systems:
o Grandfather Father Son (GFS)
o Tower of Hanoi
o Round Robin
 Types of data that can be backed up:
o System state data
o Application data
o User data

Students will learn how to:


 Back up a Windows system.
 Schedule automatic backups for Windows computers.
Security Pro Exam Objectives:

 6.3 Perform System Backups and Recovery.


 8.1 Protect and maintain the integrity of data files.
o Perform data backups and recovery

Lecture Focus Questions:


 How is an incremental backup different than a differential backup?
 When is the archive bit set? Which backup types reset the archive bit?
 What is the advantage of the Full + Incremental backup strategy? What is the
disadvantage?
 Why should backup tapes be stored offsite?
 What are common types of backup media rotation systems used to provide protection
to adequately restore data?
 How do you back up Active Directory?
 What should you regularly do to make sure your backup strategy is working properly?
Video/Demo Time
10.2.1 Backup and Restore 13:27
10.2.4 Backing up Workstations 6:18
10.2.6 Restoring Workstation Data from Backup 2:19
10.2.7 Backing Up a Domain Controller 2:33
10.2.9 Restoring Server Data from Backup 2:12

Total 26:49
Lab/Activity

 Back Up a Workstation
 Back Up a Domain Controller
Number of Exam Questions
15 questions
Total Time
About 55 minutes
Section 10.3: File Encryption
Summary
In this section students will learn about the following file encryption programs:

 Encrypting File System (EFS)


 GNU Privacy Guard (GPG) and Pretty Good Privacy (PGP)
 Whole disk encryption (BitLocker)

Students will learn how to:


 Encrypt a file to secure data using EFS.
 Authorize additional users who can access files encrypted with EFS.
 Encrypt a file using GPG.
 Protect hard drive contents with BitLocker.
 Configure settings to control BitLocker using Group Policy.
Security Pro Exam Objectives:
 8.1 Protect and maintain the integrity of data files.
o Implement encryption technologies
 8.2 Protect Data Transmissions across open, public networks.
o Encrypt Data Communications
Lecture Focus Questions:
 On which computers should you implement EFS?
 What is the FEK? How is it used?
 Under what conditions can EFS encryption be compromised?
 What happens when an EFS encrypted file is copied over the network using the SMB
protocol?
 Once a system encrypted with BitLocker boots, who is able to access files?
Video/Demo Time

10.3.1 Encrypting File System (EFS) 11:47


10.3.2 Securing Files using EFS 11:45
10.3.4 PGP and GPG 4:34
10.3.5 Encrypting Files with GPG 4:58
10.3.6 BitLocker and Database Encryption 13:02
10.3.7 Configuring BitLocker 6:17

Total 52:23
Lab/Activity

 Encrypt Files with EFS


 Configure BitLocker with a TPM
Number of Exam Questions
8 questions
Total Time
About 75 minutes
Section 10.4: Secure Protocols
Summary
This section discusses secure protocols. Details include:

 Types of secure protocols:


o Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)
o Transport Layer Security (TLS)
o Secure Shell (SSH)
 Protocols to secure HTTP:
o HTTPS
o S-HTTP
 IPSec includes two protocols:
o Authentication Header (AH)
o Encapsulating Security Payload (ESP)
 Modes of operation that can be implemented with IPSec:
o Transport mode
o Tunnel mode
 Security Association (SA)
 Internet Key Exchange (IKE)

Students will learn how to:


 Add SSL bindings to a Web site to support secure connections.
 Modify Web site settings to require SSL.
 Use SSL from a browser to create a secure connection.
 Enforce the use of IPSec through Connection Security Rules.
Security Pro Exam Objectives:
 2.1 Promote Information Security Awareness.
o Using SSL Encryption
 8.2 Protect Data Transmissions across open, public networks.
o Implement secure protocols
Lecture Focus Questions:
 How does SSL verify authentication credentials?
 What protocol is the successor to SSL 3.0?
 How can you tell that a session with a Web server is using SSL?
 What is the difference between HTTPS and S-HTTP?
 What does it mean when HTTPS is referenced as being stateful?
 What is the difference between IPSec tunnel mode and transport mode?
Video/Demo Time

10.4.1 Secure Protocols 8:44


10.4.2 Secure Protocols 2 15:26
10.4.4 Adding SSL to a Web Site 5:23
10.4.6 IPSec 5:14
10.4.8 Requiring IPSec for Communications 14:22
Total 49:09
Lab/Activity

 Allow SSL Connections


Number of Exam Questions
15 questions
Total Time
About 75 minutes
Section 10.5: Cloud Computing
Summary
This section provides students with an overview of cloud computing. Concepts covered
include:

 The role of cloud computing


 Ways in which could computing can be implemented:
o Public cloud
o Private cloud
o Community cloud
o Hybrid cloud
 The advantages of cloud computing
 Cloud computing service models:
o Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
o Platform as a Service (PaaS)
o Software as a Service (SaaS)
 Ways that cloud computing service providers reduce the risk of security breaches
 The advantages of using a Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI)

Lecture Focus Questions:


 What are the advantages of cloud computing?
 Which cloud computing service model delivers software applications to the client?
 What is the difference between Infrastructure as a Service and Platform as a Service?
 How does the cloud computing service reduce the risk of security breaches?
Video/Demo Time

10.5.1 Cloud Computing Introduction 15:59


10.5.2 Cloud Computing Security Issues 6:32

Total 22:31
Number of Exam Questions
5 questions
Total Time
About 30 minutes
Section 11.1: Vulnerability Assessment
Summary
This section provides information about using vulnerability assessment to identify the
vulnerabilities in a system or network. Tools to monitor vulnerability include:

 Vulnerability scanner
 Ping scanner
 Port Scanner
 Network mapper
 Password cracker
 Open Vulnerability and Assessment Language (OVAL)

Students will learn how to:


 Scan a network with a vulnerability scanner, such as Nessus or MBSA, to identify
risk factors.
 Download the latest security update information before starting a vulnerability scan.
 View security scan reports and identify vulnerabilities.
 Perform a port scan using nmap on a single machine.
 Use a password cracker to analyze a network for password vulnerabilities.
Security Pro Exam Objectives:
 9.4 Review vulnerability reports, implement remediation.
Lecture Focus Questions:
 Why should an administrator perform a vulnerability assessment on the system?
 What is the most important step to perform before running a vulnerability scan? Why?
 How does a port scanner identify devices with ports that are in a listening state?
 How do network mappers discover devices and identify open ports on those devices?
 What types of items does OVAL identify as a definition?
Video/Demo Time

11.1.1 Vulnerability Assessment 4:54


11.1.3 Scanning a Network and Nessus 18:26
11.1.4 Scanning a Network with Retina 12:12
11.1.5 Scanning for Vulnerabilities Using MBSA 6:02
11.1.9 Performing Port and Ping Scans 2:36
11.1.10 Checking for Weak Passwords 9:21

Total 53:31
Lab/Activity
 Review a Vulnerability Scan 1
 Review a Vulnerability Scan 2
 Review a Vulnerability Scan 3
Number of Exam Questions
14 questions
Total Time
About 85 minutes
Section 11.2: Penetration Testing
Summary
This section discusses penetration testing. Details include:

 Steps included in the penetration testing process:


o Verifying that a threat exists
o Bypassing security controls
o Actively testing security controls
o Exploiting vulnerabilities
 Defining the Rules of Engagement (ROE)
 Types of penetration testing:
o Physical penetration
o Operations penetration
o Electronic penetration
 Classifications of penetration testing:
o Zero knowledge test (black box test)
o Full knowledge test (white box test)
o Partial knowledge test (grey box test)
o Single blind test
o Double blind test
 The Open Source Security Testing Methodology Manual (OSSTMM)
 Stages of penetration testing:
o Passive reconnaissance
o Network enumeration
o System enumeration
o Target selection
o Gaining access
o Control and reporting
 Steps a hacker would take after gaining access to the system

Students will learn how to:


 Identify available penetration testing tools that can be used to analyze the security of a
network.
 Utilize penetration testing tools to identify vulnerabilities in information systems.
 Verify the distribution of a security tool to ensure its integrity.
Lecture Focus Questions:
 What is the main goal of penetration testing?
 What type of tools or methods does a penetration test use? Why should you be
careful in the methods you deploy?
 What should you do first before performing a penetration test?
 How does a penetration test differ from a vulnerability assessment or scan?
 What types of details do the Rules of Engagement identify?
 What types of actions might a tester perform when attempting a physical penetration?
 What security function does the Open Source Security Testing Methodology Manual
(OSSTMM) provide?
Video/Demo Time

11.2.1 Penetration Testing 2:32


11.2.3 Exploring Penetration Testing Tools 11:22

Total 13:54
Number of Exam Questions
12 questions
Total Time
About 30 minutes
Section 11.3: Protocol Analyzers
Summary
In this section students will learn about the role of protocol analyzers. Concepts covered
include:

 Other names for protocol analyzers:


o Packet sniffers
o Packet analyzers
o Network analyzers
o Network sniffers
o Network scanners
 Use a protocol analyzer to:
o Monitor and log network traffic
o Check for specific protocols on the network
o Identify frames that might cause errors
o Examine the data contained within a packet
o Analyze network performance
o Troubleshoot communication problems or investigate the source of heavy
network traffic
 Using a packet sniffer requires the following configuration changes:
o Configure the NIC in promiscuous mode (sometimes called p-mode)
o Configure port mirroring on the switch
 Filtering frames when using a protocol analyzer
 Protocol tools can be used with protocol analyzers for active interception of network
traffic to perform attacks
 Common protocol analyzers include:
o Wireshark
o Ethereal
o dSniff
o Ettercap
o Tcpdump
o Microsoft Network Monitor

Students will learn how to:


 Capture and analyze packets to troubleshoot a network using Wireshark.
Lecture Focus Questions:
 What types of information can a protocol analyzer provide?
 When using a protocol analyzer, why is it necessary to configure the NIC in
promiscuous mode?
 When running a protocol analyzer on a switch, how does port mirroring work?
 What are some common protocol analyzers?
Video/Demo Time

11.3.1 Protocol Analyzers 3:07


11.3.3 Analyzing Network Traffic 6:50

Total 9:57
Number of Exam Questions
8 questions
Total Time
About 20 minutes
Section 11.4: Log Management
Summary
This section discusses information about managing logs. Details include:

 The role of logs


 Types of events a log should include:
o Internet connection
o System level
o Application level
o User level
o Access
o Performance
o Firewall
 The operating system audit subsystem provides the mechanism whereby system
events are monitored and logged:
o Kernel
o Device driver
o Daemon
o Manager interface
o Data analysis and reduction
 Considerations when setting up a log archive:
o Retention Policies
o System requirements
o Security

Students will learn how to:


 Use Event Viewer to troubleshoot a system by viewing details of a logged event.
 Manage logging by saving or clearing logs, configuring filtering of logs, or attaching
a task to a log or event.
 Identify operating system activities, warnings, informational messages, and error
messages using system logs.
Security Pro Exam Objectives:
 9.1 Implement Logging and Auditing.
o Configure Domain GPO for Event Logging
 9.2 Review security logs and violation reports, implement remediation.
 9.3 Review audit reports, implement remediation.
 9.4 Review vulnerability reports, implement remediation.
Lecture Focus Questions:
 How does logging affect system resources?
 What factors should you take into consideration when archiving log files?
 What types of information are included in events recorded in logs?
Video/Demo Time

11.4.1 Logs 3:24


10.4.3 Logging Events with Event Viewer 3:52
10.4.4 Windows Event Subscriptions 10:36
10.4.5 Configuring Source-initiated Subscriptions 4:50
10.4.6 Configuring Remote Logging on Linux 8:23

Total 31:05
Number of Exam Questions
15 questions
Total Time
About 50 minutes
Section 11.5: Audits
Summary
This section examines using audits to ensure the security of a system. Concepts include:

 The role of auditing


 Types of auditors:
o Internal
o External
 Terms to be familiar with:
o User access and rights review
o Privilege auditing
o Usage auditing
o Escalation auditing

Students will learn how to:


 Configure the audit logon events policy to audit the failure of a logon attempt.
 View and evaluate the recorded logs under Security in Event Viewer.
Security Pro Exam Objectives:
 5.1 Harden Network Devices (using a Cisco Small Business Switch).
o Turn on logging with timestamps
 9.1 Implement Logging and Auditing.
o Configure Domain GPO Audit Policy
 9.2 Review security logs and violation reports, implement remediation.
 9.3 Review audit reports, implement remediation.
 9.4 Review vulnerability reports, implement remediation.
Lecture Focus Questions:
 How can you protect audit log files from access and modification attacks?
 When would you choose an external auditor over an internal auditor?
 What is the difference between privilege auditing and usage auditing?
 How can escalation auditing help to secure the system?
Video/Demo Time

10.5.1 Audits 3:13


10.5.3 Auditing the Windows Security Log 11:41
10.5.5 Auditing Device Logs 6:57

Total 21:51
Lab/Activity

 Configure Advanced Audit Policy


 Enable Device Logs
Number of Exam Questions
7 questions
Total Time
About 40 minutes
Security Pro Practice Exams
Summary
This section provides information to help prepare students to take the Security Pro
Certification exam. Students will have the opportunity of testing their mastery of the concepts
presented in this course to reaffirm that they are ready for the certification exam.

Students will typically take about 5-10 minutes (depending upon the complexity and their
level of knowledge) to complete each simulation question in the following practice exams.
There is no time limit on the amount of time a student can take to complete the practice
exams for the following domains. The domain practice exams are NOT randomized.

Security Pro Domain 1: Access Control and Identity Management (22 simulation questions)
Security Pro Domain 2: Policies, Procedures, Awareness (1 simulation question)
Security Pro Domain 3: Physical Security (2 simulation questions)
Security Pro Domain 4: Perimeter Defenses (10 simulation questions)
Security Pro Domain 5: Network Defenses (7 simulation questions)
Security Pro Domain 6: Host Defenses (7 simulation questions)
Security Pro Domain 7: Application Defenses (10 simulation questions)
Security Pro Domain 8: Data Defenses (6 simulation questions)
Security Pro Domain 9: Audits and Assessments (5 simulation questions)

The Security Pro Certification Practice Exam consists of 15 simulation questions that are
randomly selected from the above practice exams. Each time the Certification Practice Exam
is accessed different questions may be presented. The Certification Practice Exam has a time
limit of 120 minutes. A passing score of 95% should verify that the student has mastered the
concepts and is ready to take the real certification exam.
Security+ Practice Exams
Summary
This section provides information to help prepare students to take the Security+ exam and to
register for the exam. Students will have the opportunity of testing their mastery of the
concepts presented in this course to reaffirm that they are ready for the certification exam.

Students will typically take about 1 minute to complete each question in the following
practice exams. There is no time limit on the amount of time a student can take to complete
the practice exams for the following domains. The domain practice exams are NOT
randomized.

Security+ Domain 1: Network Security (172 questions)


Security+ Domain 2: Compliance and Operational Security (128 questions)
Security+ Domain 3: Threats and Vulnerabilities (178 questions)
Security+ Domain 4: Application, Data and Host Security (70 questions)
Security+ Domain 5: Access Control and Identity Management (98 questions)
Security+ Domain 6: Cryptography (92 questions)

The Security+ Certification Practice Exam consists of 100 questions that are randomly
selected from the above practice exams. Each time the Certification Practice Exam is
accessed different questions may be presented. The Certification Practice Exam has a time
limit of 90 minutes. A passing score of 95% should verify that the student has mastered the
concepts and is ready to take the real certification exam.
SSCP Practice Exams
Summary
This section provides information to help prepare students to take the SSCP exam and to
register for the exam. Students will have the opportunity of testing their mastery of the
concepts presented in this course to reaffirm that they are ready for the certification exam.

Students will typically take about 1 minute to complete each question in the following
practice exams. There is no time limit on the amount of time a student can take to complete
the practice exams for the following domains. The domain practice exams are NOT
randomized.

SSCP Domain 1: Access Control (60 questions)


SSCP Domain 2: Security Operations & Administration (64 questions)
SSCP Domain 3: Monitoring and Analysis (21 questions)
SSCP Domain 4: Risk, Response, and Recovery (38 questions)
SSCP Domain 5: Cryptography (90 questions)
SSCP Domain 6: Networks and Communications (68 questions)
SSCP Domain 7: Malicious Code and Attacks (85 questions)

The SSCP Certification Practice Exam consists of 125 questions that are randomly selected
from the above practice exams. Each time the Certification Practice Exam is accessed
different questions may be presented. The Certification Practice Exam has a time limit of 3
hours. A passing score of 95% should verify that the student has mastered the concepts and is
ready to take the real certification exam.
Appendix A: Approximate Time for the
Course
The total time for the LabSim Security Pro course is approximately 91 hours and 35 minutes.
The time is calculated by adding the approximate time for each section which is calculated
using the following elements:

 Video/demo times
 Approximate time to read the text lesson (the length of each text lesson is taken into
consideration)
 Simulations (5 minutes assigned per simulation)
 Questions (1 minute per question)

The breakdown for this course is as follows:


Module Sections Time Total HR:MM

1.0 Introduction
1.1 Security Overview 70
1.2 Using the Simulator 25 95 1:35

2.0 Access Control and Identity Management


2.1 Access Control Models 30
2.2 Authentication 60
2.3 Authorization 30
2.4 Access Control Best Practices 30
2.5 Active Directory Overview 30
2.6 Windows Domain Users and Groups 50
2.7 Linux Users 70
2.8 Linux Groups 20
2.9 Linux User Security 25
2.10 Group Policy Overview 35
2.11 Hardening Authentication 1 90
2.12 Hardening Authentication 2 30
2.13 Remote Access 35
2.14 Network Authentication 70
2.15 Identity Management 20 625 10:25

3.0 Cryptography
3.1 Cryptography 45
3.2 Hashing 35
3.3 Symmetric Encryption 35
3.4 Asymmetric Encryption 25
3.5 Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) 70
3.6 Cryptography Implementations 40 250 4:10
4.0 Policies, Procedures, and Awareness
4.1 Security Policies 80
4.2 Manageable Network Plan 35
4.3 Business Continuity 20
4.4 Risk Management 30
4.5 Incident Response 65
4.6 Social Engineering 55
4.7 Certification and Accreditation 40
4.8 Development 35
4.9 Employee Management 40
4.10 Third-Party Integration 20 420 7:00

5.0 Physical Security


5.1 Physical Security 50
5.2 Hardware Security 20
5.3 Environmental Controls 45
5.4 Mobile Devices 40
5.5 Mobile Device Security Enforcement 40
5.6 Telephony 25 220 3:40

6.0 Networking
6.1 Networking Layer Protocol Review 65
6.2 Transport Layer Protocol Review 35
6.3 Perimeter Attacks 1 50
6.4 Perimeter Attacks 2 50
6.5 Security Appliances 35
6.6 Demilitarized Zones (DMZ) 30
6.7 Firewalls 40
6.8 Network Address Translation (NAT) 30
6.9 Virtual Private Networks (VPN) 40
6.10 Web Threat Protection 25
6.11 Network Access Control (NAC) 45
6.12 Wireless Overview 60
6.13 Wireless Attacks 50
6.14 Wireless Defenses 80 635 10:35
7.0 Network Defenses
7.1 Network Devices 15
7.2 Network Device Vulnerabilities 20
7.3 Switch Attacks 10
7.4 Router Security 15
7.5 Switch Security 90
7.6 Intrusion Detection and Prevention 50
7.7 SAN Security 30 230 3:50

8.0 Host Defenses


8.1 Malware 75
8.2 Password Attacks 20
8.3 Windows System Hardening 105
8.4 Hardening Enforcement 35
8.5 File Server Security 50
8.6 Linux Host Security 20
8.7 Static Environment Security 10 315 5:15

9.0 Application Defenses


9.1 Web Application Attacks 75
9.2 Internet Browsers 105
9.3 E-mail 45
9.4 Network Applications 25
9.5 Virtualization 55
9.6 Application Development 75 380 6:20

10.0 Data Defenses


10.1 Redundancy 65
10.2 Backup and Restore 55
10.3 File Encryption 75
10.4 Secure Protocols 75
10.5 Cloud Computing 30 300 5:00

11.0 Assessments and Audits


11.1 Vulnerability Assessment 85
11.2 Penetration Testing 30
11.3 Protocol Analyzers 20
11.4 Log Management 50
11.5 Audits 40 225 3:45
Security Pro Practice Exams
Domain 1: Access Control and Identity
Management (22 sims) 110
Domain 2: Policies, Procedures, Awareness (1 sim) 5
Domain 3: Physical Security (2 sims) 10
Domain 4: Perimeter Defenses (10 sims) 50
Domain 5: Network Defenses (7 sims) 35
Domain 6: Host Defenses (7 sims) 35
Domain 7: Application Defenses (10 sims) 50
Domain 8: Data Defenses (6 sims) 30
Domain 9: Audits and Assessments (5 sims) 25
Security Pro Certification Practice Exam (15 sims) 90 440 7:20

Security+ Practice Exams


Domain 1: Network Security (172 questions) 172
Domain 2: Compliance and Operational Security
(128 questions) 128
Domain 3: Threats and Vulnerabilities (178
questions) 178
Domain 4: Application, Data and Host Security (70
questions) 70
Domain 5: Access Control and Identity
Management (98 questions) 98
Domain 6: Cryptography (92 questions) 88
Security+ Certification Practice Exam (100
questions) 100 834 13:54

SSCP Practice Exams


Domain 1: Access Control (60 questions) 60
Domain 2: Security Operations & Administration
(64 questions) 64
Domain 3: Monitoring and Analysis (21 questions) 21
Domain 4: Risk, Response, and Recovery (38
questions) 38
Domain 5: Cryptography (90 questions) 90
Domain 6: Networks and Communications (68
questions) 68
Domain 7: Malicious Code and Attacks (85
questions) 85
SSCP Certification Practice Exam (125 questions) 125 551 9:11

Total
5495 91:35
Time

Appendix B: Security Pro 2014 Changes


Instructors who have taught the previous LabSim Security Pro version of this course may
find the following information valuable.

This report details all the changes that were made from the previous course such as:

 A new video, demo, simulation, or text that has been created


 A video, demo, or text that has been updated
 New questions that have been added to a section
 A new section that has been added to a module

Section Changes
2.1 2.1.4 Updated Demo: Implementing Discretionary Access Control
2.2 2.2.1 Updated Video: Authentication Part 1
2.2.2 New Video: Authentication Part 2
2.2.3 Updated Text Lesson: Authentication Facts
2.2.7 Added New Practice Questions
2.3 2.3.4 Updated Demo: Examining the Access Token
2.4 2.4.2 Updated Demo: Viewing Implicit Deny
2.4.3 Updated Text Lesson: Best Practices Facts
2.5 2.5 New Section: Active Directory Overview
2.5.3 Updated Demo: Viewing Active Directory
2.5.5 New Practice Questions set
2.6 2.6.1 Updated Demo: Creating User Accounts
2.6.2 Updated Demo: Managing User Account Properties
2.6.3 Updated Lab: Create User Accounts
2.6.4 Updated Lab: Manage User Accounts
2.6.5 Updated Demo: Managing Groups
2.6.6 Updated Lab: Create a Group
2.6.7 Updated Lab: Create Global Groups
2.6.9 Added New Practice Questions
2.8 2.8 New Section: Linux Groups
2.8.6 New Practice Questions set
2.10 2.10.2 Updated Demo: Viewing Group Policy
2.10.4 Updated Lab: Create and Link a GPO
2.11 2.11.10 Updated Text Lesson: Hardening Authentication Facts
2.11.11 Added New Practice Questions
2.12 2.12 New Section: Hardening Authentication 2
2.12.1 Updated Demo: Configuring Smart Card Authentication
2.12.2 Updated Lab: Configure Smart Card Authentication
2.12.3 New Text Lesson: Smart Card Authentication Facts
2.12.4 New Demo: Using Fine-Grained Password Policies
2.12.5 New Text Lesson: Fine-Grained Password Policy Facts
2.12.6 New Lab: Create a Fine-Grained Password Policy
2.12.7 New Practice Questions set
2.14 2.14.4 Updated Demo: Controlling the Authentication Method
2.14.5 Updated Lab: Configure Kerberos Policy Settings
2.14.9 New Demo: Credential Management
2.14.10 New Text Lesson: Credential Management Facts
2.14.11 Added New Practice Questions
2.15 2.15.3 Added New Practice Questions
3.3 3.3.3 Updated Text Lesson: Symmetric Encryption Facts
3.3.5 Added New Practice Questions
3.4 3.4.2 Updated Text Lesson: Asymmetric Encryption Facts
3.4.3 Added New Practice Questions
3.5 3.5.2 Updated Demo: Managing Certificates
3.5.3 Updated Lab: Manage Certificates
3.5.6 Updated Demo: Configuring a Subordinate CA
4.1 4.1.5 Updated Text Lesson: Security Management Facts
4.1.7 Updated Text Lesson: Information Classification Facts
4.1.8 New Video: Data Retention Policies
4.1.10 New Text Lesson: Data Retention Facts
4.2 4.2 New Section: Manageable Network Plan
4.2.4 New Practice Questions set
4.3 4.3.3 Updated Text Lessons: Business Continuity Facts
4.3.4 Added New Practice Questions
4.4 4.4.3 New Video: Data Loss Prevention (DLP)
4.4.4 Updated Text Lesson: Risk Management Facts
4.4.5 Added New Practice Questions
4.5 4.5.4 New Demo: Creating a Forensic Drive Image
4.5.5 Updated Text Lesson: Incident Response Facts
4.5.6 Updated Text Lesson: Forensic Investigation Facts
4.5.7 Added New Practice Questions
4.6 4.6.6 Added New Practice Questions
4.9 4.9.2 Updated Text Lesson: Employee Management Facts
4.9.5 Added New Practice Questions
4.10 4.10 New Section: Third-Party Integration
4.10.1 New Video: Third-Party Integration Security Issues
4.10.2 New Text Lesson: Third-Party Integration Security Facts
4.10.3 New Practice Questions set
5.1 5.1.3 Updated Text Lesson: Physical Security Facts
5.1.5 Added New Practice Questions
5.2 5.2.4 Added New Practice Questions
5.4 5.4.2 New Text Lesson: Mobile Device Security Facts
5.4.3 New Video: BYOD Security Issues
5.4.4 New Text Lesson: BYOD Security Facts
5.4.7 Added New Practice Questions
5.5 5.5 New Section: Mobile Device Security Enforcement
5.5.1 New Demo: Enforcing Security Policies on Mobile Devices
5.5.2 New Demo: Enrolling Devices and Performing a Remote Wipe
5.5.3 New Text Lesson: Mobile Device Security Enforcement Facts
5.5.4 New Video: Mobile Application Security
5.5.5 New Text Lesson: Mobile Application Security Facts
5.5.6 New Practice Questions set
6.1 6.1 New Section: Network Layer Protocol Review
6.1.5 Updated Demo: Configuring IPv6
6.1.9 New Practice Questions set
6.2 6.2 New Section: Transport Layer Protocol Review
6.2.6 Added New Practice Questions
6.3 6.3.8 New Practice Questions set
6.4 6.4 New Section: Perimeter Attacks 2
6.4.7 Updated Demo: Examining DNS Attacks
6.4.8 New Lab: Prevent Zone Transfers
6.4.9 New Practice Questions set
6.5 6.5.5 Updated Text Lesson: Security Solution Facts
6.5.8 Added New Practice Questions
6.7 6.7.5 Added New Practice Questions
6.9 6.9.5 Updated Text Lesson: VPN Facts
6.9.7 Added New Practice Questions
6.10 6.10.5 Added New Practice Questions
6.12 6.12 New Section: Wireless Overview
6.12.2 New Video: Wireless Antenna Types
6.12.3 New Text Lesson: Wireless Networking Facts
6.12.5 New Text Lesson: Wireless Encryption Facts
6.12.8 New Practice Questions set
6.13 6.13.2 Updated Text Lesson: Wireless Attack Facts
6.13.4 New Demo: Detecting Rogue Hosts
6.13.5 Added New Practice Questions
6.14 6.14.3 New Text Lesson: Wireless Authentication Facts
6.14.5 Updated Demo: Obscure a Wireless Network
6.14.7 New Demo: Configuring a Captive Portal
6.14.8 New Text Lesson: Wireless Security Facts
6.14.9 Added New Practice Questions
7.2 7.2.6 Added New Practice Questions
7.4 7.4 New Section: Router Security
7.4.2 Updated Text Lesson: Router Security Facts
7.4.3 New Practice Questions set
7.6 7.6.3 Updated Text Lesson: IDS Facts
7.6.7 Added New Practice Questions
7.7 7.7 New Section: SAN Security
7.7.1 New Video: SAN Security Issues
7.7.2 New Demo: Configuring an iSCSI SAN
7.7.3 New Text Lesson: SAN Security Facts
7.7.4 New Practice Questions set
8.2 8.2.5 Added New Practice Questions
8.4 8.4.4 Updated Text Lesson: Hardening Enforcement Facts
8.4.6 Added New Practice Questions
8.5 8.5.3 Updated Text Lesson: File System Security Facts
8.5.5 Updated Demo: Configuring NTFS Permissions
8.5.6 Updated Lab: Configure NTFS Permissions
8.5.7 New Lab: Disable Inheritance
8.7 8.7 New Section: Static Environment Security
8.7.1 New Video: Security Risks in Static Environments
8.7.2 New Text Lesson: Static Environment Security Facts
8.7.3 New Practice Questions set
9.1 9.1.7 Updated Text Lesson: Web Application Attack Facts
9.1.9 Added New Practice Questions
9.2 9.2.9 Updated Text Lesson: Internet Explorer Security Facts
9.2.12 New Lab: Configure IE Preferences in a GPO
9.2.13 Added New Practice Questions
9.3 9.3.8 Added New Practice Questions
9.4 9.4.5 New Demo: Configuring Application Control Software
9.4.6 Updated Text Lesson: Network Application Facts
9.4.7 Added New Practice Questions
9.5 9.5.4 New Demo: Creating Virtual Machines
9.5.5 Updated Demo: Managing Virtual Machines
9.5.6 New Lab: Create Virtual Machines
9.5.7 New Demo: Adding Virtual Network Adapters
9.5.8 New Demo: Creating Virtual Switches
9.5.9 New Lab: Create Virtual Switches
9.5.10 Updated Text Lesson: Virtualization Facts
9.5.11 Added New Practice Questions
9.6 9.6.10 New Video: NoSQL Security
9.6.11 New Text Lesson: NoSQL Security Facts
9.6.12 Added New Practice Questions
10.1 10.1.3 Updated Text Lesson: Redundancy Facts
10.1.5 Updated Demo: Implementing RAID
10.1.7 Updated Lab: Configure Fault Tolerant Volumes
10.1.10 Added New Practice Questions
10.2 10.2.4 New Demo: Backing Up Workstations
10.2.6 New Demo: Restoring Workstation Data from Backup
10.2.7 New Demo: Backing Up a Domain Controller
10.2.8 New Lab: Back Up a Domain Controller
10.2.9 New Demo: Restoring Server Data from Backup
10.2.10 Added New Practice Questions
10.3 10.3.9 Updated Text Lesson: File Encryption Facts
10.3.10 Added New Practice Questions
10.5 10.5.3 Updated Text Lesson: Cloud Computing Facts
10.5.4 Added New Practice Questions
11.1 11.1.2 Updated Text Lesson: Vulnerability Assessment Facts
11.1.11 Added New Practice Questions
11.2 11.2.2 Updated Text Lesson: Penetration Testing Facts
11.2.4 Added New Practice Questions
11.3 11.3.4 Added New Practice Questions
11.4 11.4 New Section: Log Management
11.4.4 New Video: Windows Event Subscriptions
11.4.5 New Demo: Configuring Source-initiated Subscriptions
11.4.6 New Demo: Configuring Remote Logging on Linux
11.4.7 New Text Lesson: Remote Logging Facts
11.4.8 New Practice Questions set
11.5 11.5 New Section: Audits
11.5.7 Added New Practice Questions
Exam Objectives: Updated for 401
All Domain Exams: Questions no longer randomized
All Section Exams: Questions no longer randomized

SSCP Practice Exams 7 Domains: 450 Questions


SSCP Certification Practice Exam: 125 Questions

New: Feature was not in previous course – new feature


Updated: Replaces previous feature - new version
Appendix C: Security Pro Objectives
The Security Pro certification exam (2012 edition) covers the following:

# Domain Module.Section
1.0 Access Control and Identity Management

1.1 Create, modify, and delete user profiles. 2.6, 2.7, 2.8, 2.9, 2.10,
Manage Windows Domain Users and Groups 2.11, 2.12
oCreate, rename, and delete users and groups
oAssign users to appropriate groups
oLock and unlock user accounts
oChange a user's password
Manage Linux Users and Groups
oCreate, rename, and delete users and groups
oAssign users to appropriate groups
oLock and unlock user accounts
oChange a user's password
oConfigure password aging
Manage Windows Local Users and Groups
oRestrict use of local user accounts
Restrict use of common access accounts

1.2 Harden authentication. 2.6, 2.10, 2.11, 2.12,


Configure Domain GPO Account Policy to enforce a 2.13, 2.14
robust password policy
Configure the Domain GPO to control local
administrator group membership and Administrator
password
Disable or rename default accounts such as Guest and
Administrator
Configure the Domain GPO to enforce User Account
Control
Configure a GPO for Smart Card authentication for
sensitive resources
Configure secure Remote Access
Implement centralized authentication

1.3 Manage Certificates. 2.14


Approve, deny, and revoke certificate requests 3.1, 3.5
Configure Domain GPO Kerberos Settings

2.0 Policies, Procedures, and Awareness

2.1 Promote Information Security Awareness. 4.1


Traveling with Personal Mobile Devices 5.4
Exchanging content between Home and Work 9.3
Storing of Personal Information on the Internet 10.4
Using Social Networking Sites
Using SSL Encryption
Utilizing E-mail best practices
Password Management
Photo/GPS Integration
Information Security
Auto-lock and Passcode Lock

2.2 Evaluate Information Risk. 4.3


Perform Risk calculation
Risk avoidance, transference, acceptance, mitigation,
and deterrence

2.3 Maintain Hardware and Software Inventory. 4.2

3.0 Physical Security

3.1 Harden Data Center Physical Access. 5.1, 5.2


Implement Access Rosters
Utilize Visitor Identification and control
Protect Doors and Windows
Implement Physical Intrusion Detection Systems

3.2 Harden mobile devices (Laptop). 5.4


Set a BIOS Password
Set a Login Password
Implement full disk encryption

4.0 Perimeter Defenses

4.1 Harden the Network Perimeter (using a Cisco Network


Security Appliance). 6.5, 6.6, 6.7, 6.8, 6.9,
Change the Default Username and Password 6.10
Configure a Firewall
Create a DMZ
Configure NAT
Configure VPN
Implement Web Threat Protection

4.2 Secure Wireless Devices and Clients. 6.14


Change the Default Username, Password, and
Administration limits
Implement WPA2
Configure Enhanced Security
oMAC filtering
oSSID cloaking
oPower Control
Disable Network Discovery

5.0 Network Defenses

5.1 Harden Network Devices (using a Cisco Small Business 2.1, 2.4, 2.11
Switch). 7.2, 7.3, 7.4, 7.5
Change the Default Username and Password on 11.5
network devices
Use secure passwords
Shut down unneeded services and ports
Implement Port Security
Remove unsecure protocols (FTP, telnet, rlogin, rsh)
Implement access lists, deny everything else
Run latest iOS version
Turn on logging with timestamps
Segment Traffic using VLANs

5.2 Implement Intrusion Detection/Prevention (using a Cisco 7.6


Network Security Appliance).
Enable IPS protection for a LAN and DMZ
Apply IPS Signature Updates
Configure IPS Policy

6.0 Host Defenses

6.1 Harden Computer Systems Against Attack. 8.1, 8.3, 8.4, 8.5
Configure a GPO to enforce Workstation/Server
security settings
Configure Domain GPO to enforce use of Windows
Firewall
Configure Domain Servers GPO to remove unneeded
services (such as File and Printer Sharing)
Protect against spyware and unwanted software using
Windows Defender
Configure NTFS Permissions for Secure file sharing

6.2 Implement Patch Management/System Updates. 5.4


Configure Windows Update 8.3
Apply the latest Apple Software Updates

6.3 Perform System Backups and Recovery. 10.2

7.0 Application Defenses

7.1 Implement Application Defenses. 6.5, 6.10


Configure a GPO to enforce Internet Explorer 9.1, 9.2, 9.3, 9.6
settings
Configure a GPO for Application Whitelisting
Enable Data Execution Prevention (DEP)
Configure Web Application Security
Configure Parental Controls to enforce Web content
filtering
Configure Secure Browser Settings
Configure Secure E-mail Settings

7.2 Implement Patch Management/Software Updates. 8.3


Configure Microsoft Update

8.0 Data Defenses

8.1 Protect and maintain the integrity of data files. 10.1, 10.2, 10.3
Implement encryption technologies
Perform data backups and recovery
Implement redundancy and failover mechanisms

8.2 Protect Data Transmissions across open, public networks. 7.4


Encrypt Data Communications 8.5
Implement secure protocols 5.4
Remove unsecure protocols 10.3, 10.4
9.0 Audits and Assessments

9.1 Implement Logging and Auditing. 11.4, 11.5


Configure Domain GPO Audit Policy
Configure Domain GPO for Event Logging

9.2 Review security logs and violation reports, implement 8.1, 11.4 , 11.5
remediation.

9.3 Review audit reports, implement remediation. 11.4, 11.5

9.4 Review vulnerability reports, implement remediation. 11.1. 11.4, 11.5