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NATURAL SCIENCE UNIT 7

INDEX
1. Kingdoms
2. The Animal Kingdom
3. The Plant Kingdom
4. The Fungi Kingdom
5. The Protista Kingdom
6. The Monera Kingdom

by
Rafael
Rodríguez
Pérez
THE CLASSIFICATION OF LIVING THINGS 45
NATURAL SCIENCE UNIT 7

1. KINGDOMS

 Look at this picture in pairs and answer.

- What living things can you see?


- How would you classify these living things?

 Numbered heads together. Read and tick ( ).


Living things are classified into kingdoms. Living things from the same kingdom
have similar characteristics.

Animals Plants Fungi Protists Monerans


Unicellular
Multicellular
Make their own food
Feed on other organisms

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NATURAL SCIENCE UNIT 7

 Write sentences comparing fungi to animals and plants.


a. Fungi are like animals because…
b. Fungi are like plants because…

2. THE ANIMAL KINGDOM

The Animal Kingdom includes organisms with very different characteristics. The
main difference is whether or not they have a skeleton (with backbone).

 1-2-group strategy. Classify these groups of animals into vertebrates and


invertebrates. Use a Venn diagram.

 Dictation.
- All the vertebrates have a backbone, which consists of many vertebrae.

 All for one and one for all technique. Read these characteristics of vertebrates and
write them in the correct column.
 They are oviparous and take care of  Their bodies are covered with feathers.
their young.  They breathe with lungs.
 They are viviparous, and the  They breathe with lungs.
females produce milk.  They breathe with lungs.
 They are oviparous.  Their bodies are covered with fur or
 They are oviparous. hair.
 They are oviparous.  They have 2 legs and 2 wings.
 They breathe through gills when  Adults have legs.
they are young and with lungs  Most of them have legs.
when they are adults.  Most of them have legs.
 They breathe through gills.  They have fins.
 Their bodies are covered with  Their skin is covered with scales.
scales.

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NATURAL SCIENCE UNIT 7

 Write these characteristics on a piece of paper, cut them out and glue them on a
large piece of paper to make a poster.

 Bring a picture of an animal from one of the groups of


vertebrates, write its name in a card and glue it on the poster.

 Copy these terms in your notebook. Later, watch this


video and write some information from it about the
six groups of invertebrates.

- Sponges:
- Cnidarians (jellyfish):
- Worms:
- Molluscs:
- Echinoderms: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rzxFTrktN1c&t=35s
- Arthropods:

 Compare your information with your classmates from the same group. Later, watch
again and complete your data.

 Complete your poster on the classification of living things.


Copy the data about the invertebrates in a piece of paper and enrich the poster
about living things.
Also, search the Internet for photographs of different invertebrates and glue
them on the poster.

 Read, discover and answer.


AN UNUSUAL MAMMAL
The platypus is unique. It is a small, semi-aquatic mammal that lay eggs! When
the females are going to have babies, they hide in burrows. There, they lay up to
three eggs that hatch about ten days later. Platypuses are mammals, so the babies
drink their mother’s milk.
Platypuses look like beavers. Their body and tail are covered with brown,
waterproof fur that keeps them warm in cold water. They have four webbed feet
and a duck-like bill with no teeth.

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NATURAL SCIENCE UNIT 7

Platypuses are originally from Australia, and they live on land. They walk and
run, and can dig with the long nails they have on each foot. They are excellent
swimmers and spend lots of time in rivers. They eat small aquatic animals, such as
worms, insect larvae and shrimps.
a. Where do platypuses live?
b. What do they do in burrows?
c. Do they use their teeth to eat?
d. Are platypuses carnivore or herbivore?
e. Can you describe a platypus?

3. THE PLANT KINGDOM

 In groups, read about plants and prepare a class to your classmates. Be creative.
Each group will have 5 minutes and everyone must contribute.

 Read and say which kingdom each living thing belongs to.
a. Multicellular – cannot move about – makes its own food 
b. Unicellular – very small – makes its own food 
c. Multicellular – can move about – feeds on other organisms 
d. Multicellular – aquatic – makes its own food 
e. Multicellular – cannot move about – feeds on other organisms 

 Answer these questions.


a. Which two groups of plants with no flowers do you know?
b. Describe them.
c. Where do they live?
d. How do they reproduce?

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NATURAL SCIENCE UNIT 7

 Describe this picture. Give as much information as you can. Remember that
adjectives in English are always in singular and go before nouns.
Write 120 words at least and use present simple and continuous.
(-s in the 3rd person sing.) (verb to be + verb with –ing)

4. THE FUNGI KINGDOM

 Look at these fungi and discuss. How are fungi similar to plants and animals? How
are they different from animals and plants?

 Dictation.
- Fungi can’t move about and some of them grow in soil, like plants.
- Fungi can’t make their own food, like animals.

 Read and understand this information about fungi.


Mushrooms, mould and yeast are all fungi. They have some characteristics in
common.
- They reproduce with spores that are carried by the wind.
- They produce a substance which breaks down plant and animal matter. This
way, they absorb nutrients from plants and animals.
- Most fungi are multicellular (mushrooms), but some are unicellular (yeast and
mould).

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NATURAL SCIENCE UNIT 7

 Thinking twins. Remember and write true or false.


a. Fungi reproduce with spores, like non-seed plants. ___
b. All the fungi are multicellular. ___
c. Fungi feed only on plants. ___
d. Some fungi are beneficial to people. ___

 Look at these pictures, read and debate.

Imagine you had a magic button that can destroy all the fungi
on Earth. Would you press it?
- I would press the button because…
- I wouldn’t press the button because…
5. THE PROTISTA KINGDOM

 Work in groups. Read and write sentences to compare protozoa and algae. Then,
discuss.
Protists include two very different types of organisms: algae and protozoa.

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NATURAL SCIENCE UNIT 7

6. THE MONERA KINGDOM

 Read and listen to the song to fill in the gaps. Use these words:
sick – harmless – food – see – small – mouth
Monera are unicellular living things. This kingdom includes
bacteria, the most abundant of all living things. They are very much
simpler than protists.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZrSw0UE7iwI

 Read, think and write true or false.


a. Some bacteria are helpful (good for us). ___
b. Cholera is a very harmful (opposite of harmless) bacteria. ___
c. Some bacteria make their own food, but others don’t. ___
d. Bacteria are the smallest and simplest living things. ___
e. They are all microscopic. ___
f. We use bacteria to make yogurt. ___

 Complete the poster with the information about Fungi, Protista and Monera
Kingdom.

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