Anda di halaman 1dari 3

Descriptive Text –Definition and function of

Descriptive text. Korea Selatan), adik-adik bebas merangkai kalimat


sesuai pengamatan adik-adik. Contoh kalimat:
Descriptive text adalah, “…… is a text which says what - So Ji Sub is an actor. He is tall.
a person or a thing is like. Its purpose is to describe and (So Ji Sub adalah seorang aktor. Dia Tinggi.)
reveal a particular person, place, or thing.” Or Is a text - He has slanted eyes and pointed nose.
which used to describe something, someone, or place. (Dia memiliki mata sipit dan hidung mancung.)
[teks yang menjelaskan gambaran sesuatu seseorang - His hair is black and he has white skin.
atau tempat ]. (Rambutnya berwarna hitam dan dia memiliki kulit
putih.)
b. Function : used to describe something,
someone, or place. Untuk lebih jelasnya, silahkan disimak ringkasan materi
berikut....
c. Generic Structure dalam Descriptive Text
1. Characteristics (Sifat)
Descriptive text has two main parts : - clever : pintar
- diligent : rajin
- kind : baik hati
Identification
- nice : menyenangkan
- intelligent : cerdas
This part identifies particular things to be described. - lazy : malas
What is the text about? (berisi tentang identifikasi hal / - patient : sabar
seorang yang akan dideskripsikan.) - smart : cerdas
- talented : bertalenta
Description - attracted : menarik
- cheerful : ceria
This part describes the parts and characteristics. ( Berisi - happy : senang
tentang penjelasan / penggambaran tentang hal / - helpful : penolong
seseorang dengan menyebutkan beberapa sifatnya.) - hard worker : pekerja keras
- easy going : tenang, segala sesuatu dibuat mudah
Ketika kita menulis descriptive text, hal yang wajib kita - honest : jujur
ketahui adalah cara kita menyampaikan deskripsi tulisan - handsome : tampan
kita tersebut. Oleh karena itu pemahaman tentang - beautiful : cantik
adjective (kata sifat bahasa Inggris) wajib kita kuasai. - cute : manis
- pretty : cantik
Example of Descriptive Text
Contoh kalimat :
My Favorite Star Pertanyaan : What is your opinion about Rania? (Apa
pendapatmu tentang Rania?)
I have favorite star. Jawaban : Rania is beautiful. She is very smart. (Rania
cantik. Dia sangat pandai.)
My favorite star is Justin Bieber. He is 18 years old. He is
a famous singer. He has pointed nose. His skin is white Pertanyaan : What is your opinion about Raka? (Apa
and his hair is blonde. He is handsome. Beside that, he pendapatmu tentang Raka?)
also has beautiful voice.
Jawaban : Raka is handsome. He is very cheerful.
(Raka tampan. Dia sangat ceria.)
My Classroom Untuk menanyakan pendapat orang lain tentang sesuatu,
digunakan kalimat :
I want to tell you about my classroom. - What do you think about ....?
- What is your opinion about ...?
My classroom is next to the school library. It is a big and
clean classroom. I has two black doors and six brown 2. Physical Appearance (Penampilan Pisik)
windows. The walls are green and there are some pictures There are many words can be categorized into words that
on them. There are twenty tables, forty chairs and two describe a person's general appearance, eyes, ears, face,
white boards. The air is cool because my classroom is air nose, arms, hair, height and build.
conditioned room. Ada banyak kata yang dapat digunakan untuk
menggambarkan orang dari penampilan pisik yaitu mata,
telinga, wajah, hidung, lengan, rambut,tinggi dan bentuk.
2. Describing about People. - sharp eyes : mata tajam
- round eyes : mata bulat
- mata sipit : slanting eye
- pointed nose : hidung mancung
- flat nose: hidung pesek
- oval face : wajah lonjong
- round face : wajah bulat
- black hair : rambut hitam
- blonde hair : rambut pirang
- curly hair : rambut keriting
Setelah melihat gambar di atas (So Ji Sub - aktor dari - straight hair : rambut lurus
- wavy hair : rambut bergelombang Tuan Bara
- long hair : rambut panjang Tuan Bara adalah paman saya. Dia adalah seorang
- short hair : rambut pendek petani di desa. Umur dia adalah 55 tahun. Dia tampan
- dark skin : kulit gelap dan tinggi. Dia memiliki mata yang tajam dan hidung'
- white skin : kulit putih mancung. Dia memiliki rambut keriting. Dia sangat
- brown skin : kulit coklat kuat. Lengan dan kakinya sangat kuat. Dia memiliki
- thick lips : bibir tebal kulit yang gelap. Dia sangat rajin. Dia juga cerdas
- smooth skin : kulit lembut dan penyabar. Dia adalah orang yang menyenangkan
- tall : tinggi dan kami sangat menyukainya.
- short : pendek
- fat : gemuk 1. Personality
- thin : kurus
- slim : langsing  Funny
- strong : kuat
 Nice
Contoh Kalimat :
She is Julie.  Good
She has straight hair.
Her hair is fairly black.
 Polite
She is very tall.

Dia adalah Julie.  Unfriendly


Dia memiliki rambut lurus.
Rambutnya hitam bersinar.  Rude
Dia sangat tinggi
 Naughty
Berikut adalah contoh paragrap yang menggabungkan
antara characteristics dan physical appearance seseorang  • Lucu
Mr. Bara • bagus
Mr. Bara is my uncle. He is a farmer in the country. • Baik
He is 55 years old. He is handsome and tall. He is • Sopan
185 cm. He has sharp eyes and a pointed nose .He • Tidak ramah
has curly hair. He is very strong. His arms and legs • Rude
are strong. He has dark skin. He is very dilligent. • nakal
He also smart and patient. He is a nice person and
we love him very much.
Example.

My Lovely Girlfriend Susan Smith


we can see directly from the beach.
I want to tell you about my lovely girlfriend. My lovely
girlfriend is Susan Smith.

She is very beautiful and attractive. She is young, slim, Kuta beach has white sand. It is really smooth. In the
sexy, and tall. She has long straight blonde hair and small morning, we can walk through the smooth white sand
blue eyes. Her nose is pointed and her mouth is big. while seeing the beautiful sight around the beach.

She is funny, nice, and friendly. Most of the tourists that visit Kuta beach are foreign.
They come from all over the world. They would have a
Describing About a Tourism Place nice and beautiful holiday in Bali.

Examples : . Pantai Kuta


Pantai Kuta adalah salah satu pantai yang paling terkenal
1. Kuta Beach dan indah di dunia. Ini adalah pantai yang memiliki
pantai berpasir putih kurva adalah berbentuk bulan sabit
Kuta beach is one of the most famous and beautiful beach landai. Terletak di Bali, tepatnya di sebelah selatan
in the world. It is a beach that has white sand beaches Denpasar ibukota Bali. Pantai ini terkenal karena
curve was crescent-shaped ramps. It is located in Bali, matahari terbenam yang indah. Begitu banyak orang akan
precisely in the south of Denpasar the capital city of Bali. datang ke sini untuk menikmati matahari terbenam yang
The beach is famous because the beautiful sunset. So indah.
many people would come here to enjoy the beautiful Pantai Kuta adalah tujuan wisata terbaik di Bali. Karena,
sunset. kita bisa melakukan apa pun yang membuat kita senang
dan bahagia. Pantai ini sangat indah dengan gelombang
Kuta beach is the best holiday destination in Bali. cukup besar. Sangat cocok untuk berselancar dan
Because, we can do anything that make us fun and happy. berenang.
The beach is very beautiful with big enough wave. It is Matahari di pantai Kuta khas dari matahari tropis.
suitable for surfing and swimming. Sehingga sangat cocok untuk berjemur. Banyak
wisatawan ingin telah berjemur di sini. Dari tepi pantai,
The sun in the Kuta beach is typical of tropical sun. So it kita bisa melihat matahari terbenam. sunset yang sangat
is suitable for sunbathing. Many tourists would like to indah karena kita bisa melihat langsung dari pantai.
have sunbathing here. From the edge of the beach, we Pantai Kuta memiliki pasir putih. Ini benar-benar halus.
can see the sunset. The sunset is very beautiful because Di pagi hari, kita bisa berjalan melalui pasir putih halus
sambil melihat pemandangan indah di sekitar pantai.
Sebagian besar wisatawan yang mengunjungi Pantai Kuta
asing. Mereka datang dari seluruh dunia. Mereka akan
memiliki liburan yang menyenangkan dan indah di Bali.