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Nutrition

Practice Quiz

1. Which nutrient is primarily needed to build parts of your body like skin and muscles?
a. Carbohydrates b. proteins
c. vitamins d. minerals
e. water f. fiber

2. Which vitamin is created when your skin is exposed to ultraviolet light?


a. Vitamin A b. Vitamin B
c. Vitamin C d. Vitamin D
e. Vitamin E

3. Which type of nutrient is the best source of energy?


a. Carbohydrates b. proteins
c. vitamins d. minerals
e. water f. fiber

4. Which type of nutrient needs to be consumed most frequently?


a. Carbohydrates b. proteins
c. vitamins d. minerals
e. water f. fiber

5. Which of the following types of foods are considered to be good sources of carbohydrates?
a. Vegetables b. Fruit
c. Meats d. Breads
e. Water

6. Fruits and vegetables are generally considered to be good sources of


a. vitamins b. carbohydrates
c. proteins

7. Meats are generally considered to be good sources of


a. vitamins b. carbohydrates
c. proteins

8. Vitamins and Minerals


a. help bodily functions work correctly b. provide energy
c. are the primary building material for muscle

9. Fats…
a. should never be eaten because all fats are bad for human health.
b. should be eaten in small quantities because the body needs a small amount of fat.
c. should be eaten frequently because they are a good source of energy.

10. Calcium is a
a. mineral b. protein
c. vitamin d. carbohydrate

11. Atherosclerosis is…


a. a disease in which cells grow rapidly and uncontrollably
b. a condition in which fatty material collects in the arteries
c. a condition where a person does not receive all of the proper dietary requirements.
12. Explain why the food pyramid is shaped the way that it is. Explain both the Triangular
shape of the pyramid as a whole, AND why the food categories are shown as different sized
wedges of the pyramid.
The pyramid shape indicates that people eat different amounts of food. The smaller top
would represent smaller quantities of food being eaten on a daily basis, and the larger
bottom would represent larger amounts of food being eaten. The different size wedges
represent the amount of each type of food group that should be eaten. For example, people
at the bottom (who eat large amounts of food) should be eating more grains than people at
the top (who eat less), but by percentage, the amount of each food group that you eat should
be the same, regardless of what your total dietary intake is.

13. Use the food label shown to complete the data table.

Amount per 100g


Calories 46

Cholesterol 10

Total Carbohydrates 86

Dietary Fiber 4

Protein 4
14. Examine the three diets listed. Which diet is the most balanced?

Diet 1 Diet 2 Diet 3


Breakfast Breakfast Breakfast
1 bowl of unsweetened (low 2 pieces of toast with peanut Two eggs and a strip of bacon.
sugar) cereal butter and jelly
Glass of milk Glass of water Glass of orange juice

Snack Snack Snack


Orange Crackers Small unsweetened yoghurt

Lunch Lunch Lunch


Peanut butter and jam Bowl of Koshari Slice of pepperoni pizza
sandwich
Potato chips Glass of milk Glass of water
Apple Juice box Small can of Pringles potato Carrot Sticks
chips

Snack Snack Snack


Apple French fries Cup of fruit salad
Glass of milk Glass of Water Small can of soda

Dinner Dinner Dinner


Small serving of steak 1 Slice of cheese-only pizza 1 piece of baked chicken
Baked potato Small serving of pickled Small portion of mixed
cucumbers vegetables
Glass of water Glass of orange juice Small serving of rice
Glass of milk

15. Explain why the diet that you selected, above, is more balanced than EACH of the other
diets. In other words, explain what EACH of the OTHER diets is lacking.

Diet 3 is the most balanced, because it has a selection of each of the major food groups,
meats, grains, dairy, fruits and vegetables, and a small amount of fat. Diet 1 is missing a
portion of vegetables, and diet 2 is missing a portion of meat (or proteins).
16. Label the diagram with the following terms:

Bronchioles Trachea
Lung Alveoli

17. Describe why smoking is harmful. Include the following words in your answer. CIRCLE
each word in your answer.

Alveoli Chemical(s)
Lungs Carcinogen(s)
Second hand Tar

Smoking is harmful because cigarette smoke contains many (over 4000) different
chemicals, some of which are known carcinogens, which means that they are known to
cause cancer. When smoke enters the lungs, it leaves deposits of tar and other residue on
parts of the lungs, including the bronchioles and the alveoli, which makes it difficult for the
lungs to absorb oxygen, or exchange carbon dioxide.