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Anda di halaman 1dari 26

Electromagnetic Induction

Solutions

SECTION - A

Objective Type Questions

1. Dimensional formula of magnetic flux is

(1) [M L2 T–2 A–1] (2) [M L1 T–1 A–2] (3) [M L2 T–3 A–1] (4) [M L–2 T–2 A–2]

Sol. Answer (1)

= BA

F

and F = ilB B

il

(1) Stationary uniform magnetic field (2) Stationary nonuniform magnetic field

(3) Time varying magnetic field (4) Not possible

Sol. Answer (3)

Time varying B will induce emf as

d

–

dt

(1) The number of turns in the coil (2) The rate of change of magnetic flux

(3) Time of rotation (4) The resistance of the circuit

Sol. Answer (4)

does not depend on resistance.

4. Flux (in weber) in a closed circuit of resistance 10 ohm varies with time t (in second) according to the

equation = 6 t2 – 5 t + 1. What is the magnitude of the induced current at t = 0.25 s?

(1) 1.2A (2) 0.2A (3) 0.6A (4) 0.8A

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56 Electromagnetic Induction Solution of Assignment

6t 2 – 5t 1

d

– –12t 5

dt

⎛ 1⎞

–12 ⎜ ⎟ 5

⎝ 4⎠

l 0.2 A

R 10

5. A cylindrical magnet is kept along the axis of a circular coil. On rotating the magnet about its axis, the coil

will have induced in it

6. A magnet is brought near a coil in two ways (i) rapidly (ii) slowly. The induced charge will be

(3) Equal in both the cases (4) More or less according to the radius of the coil

7. A circular loop of flexible conducting material is kept in a magnetic field directed perpendicularly into its plane.

By holding the loop at diametrically opposite points its is suddenly stretched outwards, then

Flux will increase by stretching outwards so by Lenz's law clockwise current will be induced to oppose the

change.

8. An aeroplane is flying horizontally with a velocity of 360 km/h. The distance between the tips of the wings of

aeroplane is 25 m. The vertical component of earth's magnetic field is 4 × 10–4 Wb/m2. The induced e.m.f. is

= Bvl

5

4 10 –4 360 25

18

=1V

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Solution of Assignment Electromagnetic Induction 57

9. The magnetic flux through a coil varies with time t as shown in the diagram. Which graph best represents

the variation of the e.m.f. E induced in the coil with time t?

E E E E

= Asint

d

– – A cos t

dt

E

10. A coil having 500 square loops each of side 10 cm is placed with its plane perpendicular to a magnetic field

which increases at a rate of 1.0 tesla/s. The induced e.m.f. (in volts) is

(1) 0.5 (2) 0.1 (3) 1.0 (4) 5.0

Sol. Answer (4)

dB

NA

dt

11. The physical quantity, which is conserved on the basis of Lenz's Law is

(1) Charge (2) Momentum (3) Mass (4) Energy

Sol. Answer (4)

12. A short bar magnet passes at a steady speed right through a long solenoid. A galvanometer is connected

across the solenoid. Which graph best represents the variation of the galvanometer deflection with time t?

N S

S N

t t t t

Using Lenz's law

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58 Electromagnetic Induction Solution of Assignment

13. A metallic ring with a cut is held horizontally and a magnet is allowed to fall vertically through the ring, then

the acceleration of this magnet is

(1) Equal to g (2) More than g

(3) Less than g (4) Sometimes less and sometimes more than g

Sol. Answer (1)

14. A bar magnet is made to fall through a long vertical copper tube. The speed (v) of the magnet as a function

of time (t) is best represented by

v

d a

b

t

(1) a (2) b (3) c (4) d

Sol. Answer (4)

15. A loop of irregular shape made of flexible conducting wire carrying clockwise current is placed in uniform inward

magnetic field, such that its plane is perpendicular to the field. Then the loop

(1) Experiences force (2) Develops induced current for a short time

(3) Changes to circular loop (4) All of these

Sol. Answer (4)

16. A loop of irregular shape of conducting wire PQRS (as shown in figure) placed in a uniform magnetic field

perpendicular to the plane of the paper changes into a circular shape. The direction of induced current will be

Sol. Answer (2)

Using Lenz's law, inward flux is increasing. So to oppose this change current will be anticlockwise.

17. When a conducting wire XY is moved towards the right, a current flows in the anti-clockwise direction. Direction

of magnetic field at point O is

X

O

Y

(1) Parallel to motion of wire (2) Along XY

(3) Perpendicular outside the paper (4) Perpendicular inside the paper

Sol. Answer (3)

Using Lenz's law

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Solution of Assignment Electromagnetic Induction 59

18. A copper rod of length l is rotated about one end perpendicular to the uniform magnetic field B with constant

angular velocity . The induced e.m.f. between its two ends is

3 1

(1) Bl 2 (2) B l 2 (3) B l 2 (4) 2 Bl 2

2 2

1

= B l 2

2

19. A coil having number of turns N and area A is rotated in a uniform magnetic field B with angular velocity

about its diameter. Maximum e.m.f. induced in it is given by

NAB NA B

(1) NAB (2) (3) (4)

B NA

d

–

dt

NBA sin t

max NBA

20. A flat coil of 500 turns, each of area 50 cm2, rotates in a uniform magnetic field of 0.14 Wb/m2 about an axis normal

to the field at an angular speed of 150 rad/s. The coil has a resistance of 5 . The induced e.m.f. is applied to an

external resistance of 10 . The peak current through the resistance is

(1) 1.5 A (2) 2.5 A (3) 3.5 A (4) 4.5 A

Sol. Answer (3)

N = 500, A = 50 cm2, B = 0.14 Wb/m2

= 150 rad/s, R=5

max = NBA

max

l max 3.5 A

R

(1) A metal block is kept in a changing magnetic field

(2) A metal block is kept in a uniform magnetic field

(3) A coil is kept in a uniform magnetic field

(4) Current is passed in a coil

Sol. Answer (1)

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60 Electromagnetic Induction Solution of Assignment

23. A simple electric motor has an armature resistance of 1 and runs from a d.c. source of 12 V. It draws a current

of 2 A when unloaded. When a certain load is connected to it, its speed reduces by 10% of its initial value. The

current drawn by the loaded motor is

25. The current passing through a choke coil of self inductance 5 H is decreasing at the rate of 2 A/s. The e.m.f.

developed across the coil is

di

L = 5 H, 2 A/s

dt

Ldi

5 2 10 V

dt

26. When the number of turns in a solenoid are doubled without any change in the length of the solenoid, its self

inductance becomes

(1) Half (2) Double (3) Four times (4) Eight times

L n2

So if n' = 2n

L' = 4L

27. A coil of resistance 20 ohms and inductance 5 H has been connected to a 100 volt battery. The energy stored

in the coil is

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Solution of Assignment Electromagnetic Induction 61

Sol. Answer (2)

100

l 5A

20

1 2 1

Ll 5 5 2 62.5 J

2 2

28. The magnetic energy stored in a long solenoid of area of cross-section A in a small region of length L is

B 2 AL AL 1 B 2 AL

(1) (2) (3) 0 B 2 AL (4)

2 02 2 0 2 2 0

Energy B2 B 2 AL

⇒ Energy

Volume 2 0 2 0

30. A long solenoid has self inductance L. If its length is doubled keeping total number of turns constant then its

new self inductance will be

L L

(1) (2) 2L (3) L (4)

2 4

L 0 n 2 Al

2

⎛N⎞

L 0 ⎜ ⎟ Al

⎝ l ⎠

0N 2 1

L A⇒L

l l

L

⇒ L'

2

31. If L and R denote inductance and resistance respectively, then the dimension of L/R is

L

represents time constant hence will have dimension of time.

R

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62 Electromagnetic Induction Solution of Assignment

32. A solenoid has 2000 turns wound over a length of 0.3 m. The area of its cross section is 1.2 × 10–3 m2. Around its

central section a coil of 300 turns is wound. If an initial current of 2 A is reversed in 0.25 s, the e.m.f. induced in the

coil is equal to

(1) 6 × 10–4 V (2) 4.8 × 10–2 V (3) 2.4 × 10–2 V (4) 48 kV

Sol. Answer (2)

d dB ⎛ i ⎞

NBA ⇒ ⇒ NA ⎜ NA 0 n ⎟

dt dt ⎝ t ⎠

i 4

, So 4.8 10 –2 V

t 0.25

33. With the decrease of current in the primary coil from 2 A to zero in 0.01s, the e.m.f. generated in the secondary

coil is 1000 V. The mutual inductance of the two coil is

(1) 1.25 H (2) 2.50 H (3) 5.00 H (4) 10.00 H

Sol. Answer (3)

= Mi

d Mdi

dt dt

M 2

1000

0.01

1

M 10 5.00 H

2

34. Two coaxial coils are very close to each other and their mutual inductance is 5 mH. If a current 50 sin 500t

is passed in one of the coils then the peak value of induced e.m.f. in the secondary coil will be

(1) 5000 V (2) 500 V (3) 150 V (4) 125 V

Sol. Answer (4)

= Mi

d Mdi

dt dt

5 10 –3 50 500 cos t

= 125 V

max

35. The coefficient of self induction of two inductor coils are 20 mH and 40 mH respectively. If the coils are connected

in series so as to support each other and the resultant inductance is 80 mH then the value of mutual inductance

between the coils will be

(1) 5 mH (2) 10 mH (3) 20 mH (4) 40 mH

Sol. Answer (2)

L1 = 20 mH, L2 = 40 mH

L L1 L 2 2 M

80 = 20 + 40 + 2 M

M = 10 mH

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Solution of Assignment Electromagnetic Induction 63

SECTION - B

Objective Type Questions

1. A conducting rod AB of length l is projected on a frictionless frame PSRQ with velocity v0 at any instant. The

velocity of the rod after time t is

Sol. Answer (3)

The rod will experience magnetic force in the direction opposite to initial force. So velocity will decrease with

time.

L Bulb

V S

(1) Switch is closed or opened (2) Switch is closed

(3) Switch is opened (4) None of these

Sol. Answer (3)

Sudden decrease in current due to circuit breaking (opening) will be compensated by sudden induced current

flow (as per Lenz's law) and hence sudden brightness.

3. What will be the direction of current in the coil A as the switch S is closed?

A

S

(3) Anticlockwise and then clockwise (4) Clockwise and then anticlockwise

Sol. Answer (1)

Using Lenz's law, current in A will be clockwise.

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64 Electromagnetic Induction Solution of Assignment

4. The armature of a generator of resistance 1 is rotated at its rated speed and produces 125 V without load and

115 V with full load. The current in the armature coil is

(1) 240 A (2) 10 A (3) 1A (4) 2A

Sol. Answer (2)

125 115

l 10 A

1

5. A copper disc of radius 0.1 m is rotated about its centre with 10 rev/s in a uniform magnetic field of 0.1T with its

plane perpendicular to field. The emf induced across the radius of disc is

(1) volt (2) volt (3) volt (4) Zero

10 100 1000

1

BR 2 , R 0.1 m, B 0.1 T, W 20

2 s

1

0.1 0.1 2 20

2

volt

100

6. A frame CDEF is placed in a region where a magnetic field B is present. A rod of length one metre moves with

constant velocity 20 m/s and strength of magnetic field is one tesla. The power spent in the process is (take R =

0.2 and all other wires and rod have zero resistance)

P

C

D

B

R v

E F

Q

Sol. Answer (2)

B 2 l 2v 2

P = F.V

R

11 2 20 2

0.2

2 kW

7. An ideal solenoid of cross-sectional area 10–4 m2 has 500 turns per metre. At the centre of this solenoid, another

coil of 100 turns is wrapped closely around it. If the current in the coil changes from 0 to 2 A in 3.14 ms, the emf

developed in the second coil is

(1) 1 mV (2) 2 mV (3) 3 mV (4) 4 mV

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Solution of Assignment Electromagnetic Induction 65

Sol. Answer (4)

M 0 n1n 2 A

4 10 –7 500 100 10 –4

Mdi M 2

– 4 mV

dt 3.14

8. A positive charge q moves along the line AB, which lies in the same plane as a circular loop of conducting wire as

shown in the figure. The direction of current induced in the loop is

(3) First clockwise then anticlockwise (4) No current is induced

Sol. Answer (3)

0 qv

B

4 r 2

when q approaches the loop 'r' decreases when q goes away from the loop 'r' increases so using Lenz law

induced current will be first clockwise then anticlockwise.

9. Figure shows an L-R circuit. When the switch S is closed, the current through resistor R1, R2 and R3 are I1, I2 and

I3 respectively. The value of I1, I2 and I3 at t = 0 s is

I1 I2 R3 I3

R2

R1 L2

E

L1

S

E

(1) I1 = I2 = I3 = 0 (2) I1 , I2 I3 0

R1

E E E E E

(3) I1 0, I 2 , I3 (4) I1 , I2 , I3

R2 R3 R1 R2 L1 R3 L3

At t = 0, inductor offers infinite resistance

E

So , I 1 , I I3 0

R1 2

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66 Electromagnetic Induction Solution of Assignment

10. Two coils A and B are wound on the same iron core as shown in figure. The number of turns in the coil A and B are

NA and NB respectively. Identify the correct statement

A B

IA IB

A NA

(2) The magnetic flux linked are in the ratio N

B B

2

EA ⎛ NA ⎞

⎜ ⎟

E B ⎜⎝ N B ⎟⎠

(3) The induced emf across each coil are in the ratio

Sol. Answer (2)

A NA

B NB

11. A simple pendulum with bob of mass m and conducting wire of length L swings under gravity through an angle

2. The earth’s magnetic field component in the direction perpendicular to swing is B. The maximum potential

difference induced across the pendulum is

L

(1) 2BL sin ⎜ ⎟ . gL (2) BL sin ⎜ ⎟ (gl ) (3) BL sin ⎜ ⎟ .(gL )3/2 (4) BL sin ⎜ ⎟ .(gL)2

⎝2⎠ ⎝2⎠ ⎝2⎠ ⎝2⎠

1 2

mgl 1– cos I

2

1 2 2

mgl 1– cos mI

2

⎛ ⎛ ⎞ ⎞

2gl ⎜ 2sin 2 ⎜ ⎟ ⎟ l 2 2

⎝ ⎝ 2⎠ ⎠

g

2 sin

l 2

1 1 ⎛ g ⎞ 2

B l 2 ⎜ 2 sin ⎟ l B

2 2 ⎝ l 2⎠

Bl sin gl

2

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Solution of Assignment Electromagnetic Induction 67

12. The switch shown in the circuit is closed at t = 0. The current drawn from the battery by the circuit at t = 0

and t = are in the ratio

L C

E

R S R R

Sol. Answer (3)

At t = 0, L offers infinite resistance

At t , C offers infinite resistance

So, in both the cases, l

2R

Hence ratio is 1 : 1.

13. A small square loop of wire of side l is placed inside a large square loop of wire of side L (>>l). The loops

are coplanar and their centres coincide. The mutual inductance of the system is

l L

2 2 0 L 2 2 0 L2 2 2 0 l 2 2 0 l 2

(1) (2) (3) (4)

l l L L

Sol. Answer (4)

M

i

due to outer loop in the smaller loop will be due to magnetic field Vector sum of all the four sides of bigger

square.

2 2 0 l 2 i

So M

L i

14. A uniform magnetic field exists in the region given by B 3iˆ 4 jˆ 5kˆ . A rod of length 5 m placed along y-

axis is moved along x-axis with constant speed 1 ms–1. Then induced e.m.f. in the rod is

(1) Zero (2) 25 V (3) 5V (4) 10 V

Sol. Answer (2)

v B .l

⎡⎣ 4kˆ – 5 ˆj ⎤⎦ .5 ˆj

= 25 V

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68 Electromagnetic Induction Solution of Assignment

15. A copper rod AB of length l, pivoted at one end A, rotates at constant angular velocity , at right angles to

a uniform magnetic field of induction B. The emf, developed between the mid point C of the rod and end B is

A B

C

B l 2 3 Bl 2 3

(1) (2) Bl 2 (3) (4) B l 2

8 4 4 8

l

∫ Bxdx

l

2

l

⎛ x2⎞

B ⎜ ⎟

⎝ 2⎠ l

2

B 2 l 2

2

l –

4

3

B l 2

8

16. Radius of a circular loop placed in a perpendicular uniform magnetic field is increasing at a constant rate of

r0 ms–1. If at any instant radius of the loop is r, then emf induced in the loop at that instant will be

(1) –2Brr0 (2) –2Br (3) –Br0r (4) –2Br0r

Sol. Answer (4)

dr

r 0 ⇒ Br 2

dt

–d dr

– B 2r

dt dt

–2Brr 0

17.

1 2 3

The figure shows three circuits with identical batteries, inductors and resistances. Rank the circuits according

to the currents through the battery just after the switch is closed, greatest first

(1) I2 > I3 > I1 (2) I2 > I1 > I3 (3) I1 > I2 > I3 (4) I1 > I3 > I2

Sol. Answer (1)

l 1 0, l 2 , l3

R 2R

l2 > l3 > l1

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Solution of Assignment Electromagnetic Induction 69

18. In an inductor, the current I varies with time t as I = 5A + 16 (A/s) t. If induced emf in the inductor is 5 mV,

the self inductance of the inductor is

(1) 3.75 × 10–3 H (2) 3.75 × 10–4 H (3) 3.125 × 10–3 H (4) 3.125 × 10–4 H

Sol. Answer (4)

di

l 5 16t ⇒ 16

dt

5 10 –3 V

Ldi

L 16 5 10 –3

dt

So, L 3.125 10 –4 H

19. A magnet is moved in the direction indicated by an arrow between two coils AB and CD as shown in figure. The

direction of induced current in the straight wire is

A B C D

N S

Sol. Answer (3)

Using Lenz's law

20. Two coils of self inductance L1 and L2 are placed near each other so that the total flux in one coil is completely

linked with the other. Their mutual inductance (M) will be given by

M L1L2

21. The network shown in figure is a part of a complete circuit. If at a certain instant, the current i is 4 A and is

increasing at a rate of 103 A/s. Then VB – VA will be

i

A B

1 12 V 5 mH

Sol. Answer (3)

di

10 3

dt

VB – V A –21 V

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70 Electromagnetic Induction Solution of Assignment

22. The magnetic flux through a stationary loop with resistance R varies during interval of time T as

= at (T – t). The heat generated during this time neglecting the inductance of loop will be

a 2T 3 a 2T 2 a 2T a 3T 2

(1) (2) (3) (4)

3R 3R 3R 3R

at T – t aTt – at 2

d

– – aT – 2at

dt

2 aT – 2at 2

P–

R R

T T

aT – 2at 2

H ∫ Pdt ∫

R

0 0

a 2T 3

3R

23. A short-circuited coil is placed in a time-varying magnetic field. Electrical power is dissipated due to the current

induced in the coil. If the number of turns were to be quadrupled and the wire radius halved, the electric power

dissipated would be

(1) Halved (2) The same (3) Doubled (4) Quadrupled

Sol. Answer (2)

dB

nBr 2

dt

2

⎛ r ⎞ dB

' 4nB ⎜ ⎟

⎝ 2 ⎠ dt

dB

' nBr 2

dt

' 2 2

P'

R R

24. A small square loop of wire of side l is placed inside a large circular loops of radius r. The loop are coplanar

and their centre coincide. The mutual inductance of the system is proportional to

l2 l2 r r2

(1) (2) (3) (4)

r r2 l2 l

Sol. Answer (1)

Using Mi

⎛ 0i ⎞ l 2 l 2

M ⎜ ⎟.

i ⎝ 2r ⎠ i r

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Solution of Assignment Electromagnetic Induction 71

SECTION - C

Previous Years Questions

1. An electron moves on a straight line path XY as shown. The abcd is a coil adjacent to the path of electron.

What will be the direction of current, if any, induced in the coil? [Re-AIPMT-2015]

a

b d

c

X electron Y

(1) No current induced

(2) abcd

(3) adcb

(4) The current will reverse its direction as the electron goes past the coil

Sol. Answer (4)

When electron goes in straight line electric flux first increases then decreases.

2. A conducting square frame of side a and a long straight wire carrying current I are located in the same plane

as shown in the figure. The frame moves to the right with a constant velocity V. The emf induced in the frame

will be proportional to [AIPMT-2015]

I

V

1 1 1 1

(1) (2) (3) (4)

(2 x a )(2 x a ) x2 (2 x a )2 (2 x a )2

eABCD = eAB + eCD

0I 0I x

av av A D

⎛ a⎞ ⎛ a⎞ + +

2 ⎜ x ⎟ 2 ⎜ x ⎟

⎝ 2⎠ ⎝ 2⎠

V V

a

x–

0Iav ⎡ 2 2 ⎤ 2

–

2 ⎢⎣ 2 x a 2 x a ⎥⎦ B– a a C

2 2

0Iav ⎡ 2x a 2x a ⎤ a

⎢ (2 x a )(2 x a ) ⎥ x+

⎣ ⎦ 2

20Ia 2v

(2 x a )( x a )

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72 Electromagnetic Induction Solution of Assignment

3. A thin semicircular conducting ring (PQR) of radius r is falling with its plane vertical in a horizontal magnetic

field B, as shown in figure. The potential difference developed across the ring when its speed is v is

[AIPMT-2014]

× × × ×

Q B

× × × ×

r

× × × ×

P R

(3) rBv and R is at higher potential (4) 2rBv and R is at higher potential

Sol. Answer (4)

= BLeffv (Leff = Diameter)

= B 2Rv

4. A coil of self-inductance L is connected in series with a bulb B and an AC source. Brightness of the bulb decrease

when [NEET-2013]

(1) Number of turns in the coil is reduced

(2) A capacitance of reactance XC = XL is included in the same circuit

(3) An iron rod is inserted in the coil

(4) Frequency of the AC source is decreased

Sol. Answer (3)

5. A wire loop is rotated in a magnetic field. The frequency of change of direction of the induced e.m.f. is

[NEET-2013]

(1) Twice per revolution (2) Four times per revolution

(3) Six times per revolution (4) Once per revolution

Sol. Answer (1)

BA cos t

d

BA sin t

dt

6. A coil of resistance 400 is placed in a magnetic field. if the magnetic flux (Wb) linked with the coil varies

with times t (s) as = 50t2 + 4. The current in the coil at t = 2 s is [AIPMT (Prelims)-2012]

(1) 2 A (2) 1A (3) 0.5 A (4) 0.1 A

Sol. Answer (3)

50t 2 4

d

100t

dt

t 2 100 2 200 V

200

l 0.5 A

R 400

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Solution of Assignment Electromagnetic Induction 73

7. The current (I) in the inductance is varying with time according to the plot shown in figure.

T/2

t T

Which one of the following is the correct variation of voltage with time in the coil? [AIPMT (Prelims)-2012]

v v

v v

t t

(1) (2) T/2 T (3) T/2 T (4)

T/2 t T T/2 T

t

Ldi

Use

dt

T di

for 0 to , is constant and positive

2 dt

T di

and from to T, is constant and negative.

2 dt

8. In a coil of resistance of 10 , the induced current developed by changing magnetic flux through it,is shown in

figure as a function of time. The magnitude of change in flux through the coil in Weber is [AIPMT (Mains)-2012]

i (A)

4

0 0.1 t(s)

(1) 8 (2) 2 (3) 6 (4) 4

Sol. Answer (2)

⎛ ⎞

l⎜

⎝ t .R ⎟⎠

l tR

or d ldt R

⎡1 ⎤

So R ⎢ 0.1 4 ⎥ 2

⎣2 ⎦

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74 Electromagnetic Induction Solution of Assignment

9. The current i in a coil varies with time as shown in the figure. The variation of induced emf with time would be

[AIPMT (Prelims)-2011]

i

0 t

T/4 T/2 3T/4 T

emf emf

(1) 0 t (2) 0 t

T/4 T/2 3T/4 T

emf emf

(3) 0 t (4) 0 t

T/4 T/2 3T/4 T

–Ldi

dt

di

is slope of l – t curve.

dt

10. A conducting circular loop is placed in a uniform magnetic field, B = 0.025 T with its plane perpendicular to

the loop. The radius of the loop is made to shrink at a constant rate of 1 mms–1. The induced emf when the

radius is 2 cm is [AIPMT (Prelims)-2010]

(1) 2V (2) V (3) V (4) 2V

2

Sol. Answer (2)

11. A conducting circular loop is placed in a uniform magnetic field 0.04 T with its plane perpendicular to the

magnetic field. The radius of the loop starts shrinking at 2 mm/s. The induced emf in the loop when the radius

is 2 cm is [AIPMT (Prelims)-2009]

(1) 4.8 V (2) 0.8 V (3) 1.6 V (4) 3.2 V

Sol. Answer (4)

1 ⎛ Wb ⎞

⎜⎝ m2 ⎟⎠

12. A circular disc of radius 0.2 m is placed in a uniform magnetic field of induction in such a way that its

axis makes an angle of 60° with B . The magnetic flux linked with the disc is [AIPMT (Prelims)-2008]

(1) 0.01 Wb (2) 0.02 Wb (3) 0.06 Wb (4) 0.08 Wb

Sol. Answer (2)

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Solution of Assignment Electromagnetic Induction 75

13. A long solenoid has 500 turns. When a current of 2 A is passed through it, the resulting magnetic flux linked with

each turn of the solenoid is 4 × 10–3 Wb. The self-inductance of the solenoid is [AIPMT (Prelims)-2008]

(1) 4.0 H (2) 2.5 H (3) 2.0 H (4) 1.0 H

Sol. Answer (4)

N = 500, l = 2

N 500 4 10 –3

L

i 2

14. What is the value of inductance L for which the current is a maximum in a series LCR circuit with C = 10 F

and = 1000 s–1? [AIPMT (Prelims)-2007]

(1) 10 mH (2) 100 mH

(3) 1 mH (4) Cannot be calculated unless R is known

Sol. Answer (2)

15. Two coils of self-inductances 2 mH and 8 mH are placed so close together that the effective flux in one coil is

completely linked with the other. The mutual inductance between these coils is [AIPMT (Prelims)-2006]

(1) 10 mH (2) 6 mH (3) 4 mH (4) 16 mH

Sol. Answer (3)

L1 = 2mH, L2 = 8 mH

M L1L 2 16 4 mH

16. A metal ring is held horizontally and a bar magnet is dropped through the ring with its length along the axis

of the ring. The acceleration of the falling magnet is

(1) More than g (2) Equal to g (3) Less than g (4) Either (1) or (3)

Sol. Answer (3)

17. The magnetic flux through a circuit of resistance R changes by an amount in a time t. Then the total

quantity of electric charge Q that passes any point in the circuit during the time t is represented by

1

(1) Q . (2) Q (3) Q (4) Q R.

R t R t t

Sol. Answer (2)

Q

l ⇒

tR t tR

⇒ Q

R

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76 Electromagnetic Induction Solution of Assignment

18. As a result of change in the magnetic flux linked to the closed loop as shown in the figure, an e.m.f V volt

is induced in the loop. The work done (in joule) in taking a charge Q coulomb once along the loop is

QV

(1) QV (2) 2QV (3) (4) Zero

2

Sol. Answer (1)

W = QV

(By the defination of e.m.f)

19. A rectangular, a square, a circular and an elliptical loop, all in the (x-y) plane, are moving out of a uniform

magnetic field with a constant velocity V viˆ. The magnetic field is directed along the negative z-axis direction.

The induced emf, during the passage of these loops, out of the field region, will not remain constant for

(1) Any of the four loops (2) The rectangular, circular and elliptical loops

(3) The circular and the elliptical loops (4) Only the elliptical loop

Sol. Answer (3)

For circular and elliptical loop, area coming out from the field per unit time is not constant

dA

i.e., constant

dt

20. A conductor of 3 m length is moving perpendicular to its length as well as a magnetic field of 10–3 T with a speed

of 102 m/s, then the force required to move it with this constant speed is

(1) 0. 3 N (2) 0.9 N (3) 0 (4) 3 × 10–3 N

Sol. Answer (3)

Motional emf will induce ( = Bvl). But loop is not closed so no current will flow, hence no magnetic field force

will act upon it.

21. In a circular conducting coil, when current increases from 2 A to 18 A in 0.05 s, the induced emf is 20 V. The self

inductance of the coil is

(1) 62.5 mH (2) 6.25 mH (3) 50 mH (4) 0

Sol. Answer (1)

Ldi L 18 – 2

20

dt 0.05

So L = 62.5 10–3 H

22. In the circuit given in figure, 1 and 2 are ammeters. Just after key K is pressed to complete the circuit, the

reading will be

R1

1

L R2

2

(3) Zero in both 1 and 2 (4) Maximum in 1, zero in 2

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Solution of Assignment Electromagnetic Induction 77

Sol. Answer (4)

At t = 0, C offers zero resistance

L offers infinite resistance

So reading of Ammeter (1) max

Ammeter (2) Zero

23. For a coil having L = 2 mH, current flowing through it is I = t2 e–t then the time at which emf become zero

(1) 2 s (2) 1s (3) 4s (4) 3s

Sol. Answer (1)

Ldi

dt

di

When becomes zero, will becom zero.

dt

di

– t 2 e – t e – t 2t 0

dt

t=2

24. When the number of turns and the length of a solenoid both are doubled, its self inductance becomes

(1) Four times (2) Doubled (3) Halved (4) Unchanged

Sol. Answer (2)

L 0 n 2 Al

N2 0N 2 A

L 0 Al

l2 l

So, on doubling N and l

0 2N 2 A 2 0N 2 A

L'

2l l

L' = 2L

(1) Both L and R become two times

(2) L becomes four times and R becomes two times

(3) L becomes two times and R becomes four times

(4) L becomes two times and R becomes eight times

Sol. Answer (2)

L

R

4L

' 2

2R

26. Two neighbouring coils A and B have a mutual inductance of 20 mH. The current flowing through A is given by, i

= 3t2 – 4t + 6. The induced emf at t = 2 s is

(1) 160 mV (2) 200 mV (3) 260 mV (4) 300 mV

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78 Electromagnetic Induction Solution of Assignment

M = 20 mH

l 3t 2 – 4t 6

di

6t – 4

dt

Mdi

20 10 –3 6 2 – 4 = 160 mV

dt t 2

27. The self inductance L of a solenoid depends on the number of turns per unit length ‘n’ as

(1) L n (2) L n2 (3) L n–1 (4) L n–2

Sol. Answer (2)

28. Two coils have a mutual inductance 0.005 H. The current changes in the first coil according

to equation / = /0 sin t, where /0 = 10 A and = 100 radian per second. The maximum value of e.m.f. (in

volt) in the second coil is

(1) (2) 5 (3) 2 (4) 4

Sol. Answer (2)

M = 0.005 H

l I 0 sin t 10 sin t

1 rad/s

Mdi

dt

29. A transformer has 500 primary turns and 10 secondary turns. If the secondary has resistive load of 15 , the

currents in the primary and secondary respectively, are

(1) 0.16 A, 3.2 × 10–3 A (2) 3.2 × 10–3 A, 0.16 A

(3) 0.16 A, 0.16 A (4) 3.2 × 10–3 A, 3.2 × 10–3 A

Sol. Answer (2)

i P nP

Use

i S nS

30. A magnet is made to oscillate with a particular frequency through a coil as shown in figure. The time variation

of magnitude of emf generated across the coil during one cycle is

S

N

V

e e e e

t

emf induced will be zero when magnet will be inside coil. Use Lenz's law.

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Solution of Assignment Electromagnetic Induction 79

31. Two coils have self inductance L1 = 4 mH and L2 = 1 mH respectively. The currents in the two coils are

increased at the same rate. At a certain instant of time both coils are given the same power. If I1 and I2 are

I1

the currents in the two coils, at that instant of time respectively, then the value of I is

2

1 1 1

(1) (2) (3) (4) 1

8 4 2

Sol. Answer (2)

L1 = 4 mH, L2 = 1 mH

di 1 di 2

dt dt

l1 2 ⎛ 1 l 2 ⎞

l 2 1 ⎜⎝∵ P i ⇒ l ⎟⎠

2 1

di 2

l 1 L 2 dt l L 1

⇒ 1 2

l2 di l 2 L1 4

L1 1

dt

SECTION - D

Assertion-Reason Type Questions

1. A : Total induced emf in a loop is not confined to any particular point but it is distributed around the loop in

direct proportion to the resistances of its parts.

R : In general when there is no change in magnetic flux, no induced emf is produced.

Sol. Answer (2)

R : Lenz's law is based on energy conservation.

Sol. Answer (1)

R : Time varying magnetic field cannot generate induced emf.

Sol. Answer (3)

4. A : Unlike electrostatic field the lines of induced field form closed loop.

R : Electrostatic field is conservative unlike induced fields.

Sol. Answer (1)

5. A : The mutual induction between the two coils infinitely apart is zero.

R : If the mutual induction between the two coils is zero, it means that their self inductances are also zero.

Sol. Answer (3)

R : An inductor tends to keep the flux constant.

Sol. Answer (1)

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80 Electromagnetic Induction Solution of Assignment

7. A : At any instant, if the current through an inductor is zero, then the induced emf will also be zero.

R : In one time constant, the current flows to 37 percent of its maximum value in a series LR circuit.

Sol. Answer (4)

R : Induced current depends on the resistance of the loop as well.

Sol. Answer (2)

9. A : When the magnetic flux through a loop is maximum, induced emf is maximum.

R : When the magnetic flux through a loop is minimum, induced emf is minimum.

Sol. Answer (4)

10. A : When a conducting loop is kept stationary in a non-uniform magnetic field an emf is induced.

R : As per Faraday's law, whenever flux changes, an emf is induced.

Sol. Answer (4)

11. A : When an electric motor is started, a variable resistance (that decreases with time) is used in series. This

resistance is known as motor starter.

R : The back-emf in the beginning, when motor starts, is very small.

Sol. Answer (1)

12. A : When a bar magnet is dropped into a vertical long hollow metallic tube, the magnet ultimately moves with zero

acceleration.

R : The magnet falling into metallic tube causes the eddy currents in the metal tube, so the motion of the magnet

is damped.

Sol. Answer (1)

13. A : The power output of a practical transformer is always smaller than the power input.

R : A transformer works on the principle of mutual induction.

Sol. Answer (2)

R : At high voltage theft of power is checked.

Sol. Answer (3)

15. A : The electric field induced due to changing magnetic field is non-conservative.

R : The line integral of the electric field induced due to changing magnetic field along a closed loop is always zero.

Sol. Answer (3)

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