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REVISION QUESTION

BOOKLET

STAGE 2 PSYCHOLOGY

TOPIC: Introduction to
Psychology

Faith Lutheran College


2018
1. A psychologist conducted an investigation where they measured the heart rate of two groups of
participants, watching either a scary movie or a funny movie.

The average heart rates for the two groups are shown in the table.

Average heart rate beats per minute


Movie type:
(b.p.m.):
Scary 95

Funny 80

Using the data from the table, plot a graph showing the dependent variable against the independent variable on
the grid below. Include a title, labelled axes, and appropriate scales and units. (6 marks)

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19.
1. Describe one quantitative method of investigation that can be used to answer research questions

(2 marks)

2. Describe one qualitative and one objective quantitative method of assessing a


psychological response.

(4 marks)

3. The data below represents the heart rates of a sample of people prior to sitting for an aptitude
test.

Participant 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Heart Rate (beats per minute) 56 103 89 100 68 82 130 93 74 95
TOTAL 890

a. Using the information given, determine the mean of the scores.

(2 marks)

b. Using the information given, determine the median score.

(2 marks)

c. Describe one advantage in drawing a conclusion from this data, about the heart rates of
people who sit for aptitude tests.
(2 marks)

4. Describe an advantage and a disadvantage of quantitative observational investigation designs.

Advantage:

Disadvantage:

(4 marks)

1. Neroli wants to investigate whether 8 year old children, whose parents have used behaviour
modification programs for a 2 month period, are more likely to perform better academically at school
than children of the same age whose parents have not used such programs.
a. Describe an experimental design that Neroli could use.

2 marks
b. Describe one factor that may impact on the validity of her results

2 marks
c. Discuss 2 ethical concerns that are relevant to this investigation
4 marks
d. Describe one advantage of an experimental research design.

2 marks

e. State and describe one other Research Design that Neroli could use.

4 marks
2. A psychologist asks a group of students in a school to complete a ‘rating scale’ to determine their
attitudes towards their use of tobacco.

f. State the name of the method used by the psychologist to assess this psychological response.

2 marks

g. State and describe one other method that the psychologist could have used to assess their
attitudes towards their use of tobacco.
4 marks

INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY
14 marks

1.
Testing the Mozart effect
Previous research has shown that listening to certain types of classical music (for example, a Mozart concerto) may
increase performance on spatial-temporal tasks for a short period of time. However, this research has been disputed.

Professor Williams aims to investigate the effect of classical music on a spatial-temporal task that involves paper
folding and cutting. He plans to find out if the effect exists for SACE students at Nuriootpa High School, a
coeducational country school.
Professor Williams recruits participants who are studying SACE at the school. He asks the first 40 students that visit
the library to participate. All 40 students provide signed informed consent.

The participants sit quietly for 20 minutes and then attempt the first paper folding and cutting test (Condition 1).
The same participants then listen to classical music for the next 20 minutes. Immediately afterwards they complete a
similar paper folding and cutting test (Condition 2).

Professor Williams asks a teacher, who does not know which test relates to which condition, to mark the tests.

The results are as follows.


Condition 1 (control): Mean test score = 8
Condition 2 (listening to classical music): Mean test score = 12

(a) State, with reasons, the investigation design Professor Williams used.
__________________________________________________________________________________________

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2 marks

(b) Explain one limitation of this type of investigation design.


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2 marks

For this study, what is the

(c) Independent Variable?.

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2 marks
(c) Dependent variable?.
__________________________________________________________________________________________
2 marks
(d) Comment on the representativeness of the sample.
__________________________________________________________________________________________

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2 marks

2. A researcher counts the number of cars that are caught by a red light camera at two different locations. Data are recorded for 10
days.

Intersection 1: 35, 34,33, 37, 38, 40, 36, 33, 34, 30


Intersection 2: 21, 37, 50, 28, 42, 37, 39, 25, 23, 48

a) Calculate the mean for each intersection.

__________________________________________________________________________________________
2 marks
b) The standard deviation of data collected at Intersection 1 was 2.9 and for Intersection 2 it was 10.3. Summarise these findings
in words, comparing data for the two intersections.
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2 marks

Yr. 12 Psychology
Practice Exam – Topic 1

TOPIC: INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY

1. Explain the differences between qualitative and quantitative data.


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(2 marks)

2. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of descriptive research and experimental research.
_______________________________________________________________________________________

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(4 marks)
3. An investigation is conducted to study the differences in accuracy of memory recall in learning a list of
nonsense words versus a list of meaningful words. State two subject or participant variables you will need to
control for when you select your sample.
_______________________________________________________________________________________

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(4 marks)

4. From the following set of data which are the scores from 12 students from a Psychology Exam, work out
(a) the mean, (b) the median, (c) the mode
93, 88, 58, 75, 99, 67, 84, 89, 95, 87, 62, 100

(a) ____________________________________________________________________

(2 marks)

(b) ____________________________________________________________________

(2 marks)

(c) ____________________________________________________________________

(2 marks)

5. Name and describe two ethical principles that researchers need to consider when conducting research.
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(4 marks)

INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY (20 marks)


1. Describe one advantage of using the Delphi Technique, rather than a focus group, in a qualitative investigation.
___________________________________________________________________________________________

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(2 marks)
3. Discuss what the standard deviation measures and what it suggests about a set of scores.
___________________________________________________________________________________________

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__________________________________________________________________________________ (2 marks)

4. Describe one qualitative research design that could be used to investigate how stress levels may be reduced.
___________________________________________________________________________________________

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__________________________________________________________________________________ (2 marks)

ETHICAL ISSUES: This question tests your understanding of ethical issues, an aspect of the

curriculum statement that is common to all the topics. (20 marks)


17. Consider the following two case-studies.
(a) A school psychologist decides to conduct a study on teacher expectations. At the beginning
of the year, the psychologist gives all students in a class an IQ test. The students are not told
that the test is a measure of IQ because they may become stressed about their performance
if they know what is being measured. One week later, the psychologist gives feedback from
the test to the class teacher in the form of two lists of names: students who did well in the
test (labelled Group A), and students who did poorly (labelled Group B).
The psychologist then sits in the classroom every day for a week observing the teacher’s
interaction with students. The amount of time the teacher spends with each student is
recorded, as well as the type of feedback (positive or negative) given to each student.
It was found that the teacher spent more time, on average, interacting with Group A
students and used more positive feedback in interactions with Group A students.
At the end of the week, the psychologist informs the teacher that students were allocated to
the two groups randomly, without reference to their test outcomes. The results of the study
are presented at the next staff meeting in the presence of all teachers and the school
principal.
Discuss two ethical issues that you consider relevant to this case-study.

(10 marks)

(b) Employees of a plastics processing factory are recruited by an organisational


psychologist from the company’s head office to take part in a research study on
teamwork and group decision-making that has been designed to improve their working
environment.
Participants are told that they will be required to work in groups to complete a series of
tasks that involve cooperation — for example, building model structures out of a limited
supply of materials, solving puzzles, and carrying heavy objects from one place to the next.
However, participants are not told about the real purpose of the research study, which is to
discover whether or not discrimination and prejudice are social problems at the factory. The
psychologist ensures that one member of each group is a person who is identifiably a
member of an ethnic minority group. Hidden video cameras are used to film the group
interactions as participants work through the tasks that are assigned to them. The
psychologist is specifically interested in assessing how individual members of the groups
speak to each other.

The psychologist finds that there is no difference in the number and types of requests
(e.g. orders, polite questions, or hints) that are directed at members of ethnic minority
groups.
Discuss two ethical issues that you consider relevant to this case-study.

(10 marks)

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