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# CAPACITANCE Page # 57

## Exercise - II (Multiple Choice Problems)

1. The two plates X and Y of a parallel plate (A) net charge on connected plates is less than
capacitor of capacitance C are given a charge of the sum of initial individual charges.
amount Q each. X is now joined to the positive (B) net charge on connected plates equals the
terminal and Y to the negative terminal of a cell sum of initial charges.
of emf E = Q/C.
(C) the net potential difference across them is
(A) Charge of amount Q will flow from the negative different from the sum of the individual initial
terminal to the positive terminal of the cell inside potential differences.
it.
(D) the net energy stored in the two capacitors
(B) The total charge on the plate X will be 2Q is less than the sum of the initial individual
(C) The total charge on the plate Y will be zero energies.
(D) The cell will supply CE2 amount of energy
6. Two thin conducting shells of radii R and 3R
2. Two capacitors of capacitances 1F and 3F are shown in the figure. The outer shell carries a
are charged to the same voltages 5V. They are charge +Q and the inner shell is neutral. The inner
connected in parallel with oppositely charged shell is earthed with the help of a switch S.
plates connected together. Then
(A) Final common voltage will be 5V
(B) Final common voltage will be 2.5 V 3R
(C) Heat produced in the circuit will be zero R
(D) Heat produced in the circuit will be 37.5J S

## 3. Each plate of a parallel plate capacitor has a

charge q on it. The capacitor is now connected (A) With the switch S open, the potential of the
to a battery. Now, inner sphere is equal to that of the outer
(A) the facing surfaces of the capacitor have (B) When the switch S is closed, the potential of
equal and opposite charges the inner sphere becomes zero
(B) the two plates of the capacitor have equal (C) With the switch S closed, the charge attained
and opposite charges by the inner sphere is –q/3
(C) the battery supplies equal and opposite (D) By closing the switch the capacitance of the
charges to the two plates system increases
(D) the outer surfaces of the plates have equal
charges 7. Two capacitors of 2F and 3F are charged to
150 volt and 120 volt respectively. The plates of
4. When a parallel plates capacitor is connected capacitor are connected as shown in the figure.
to a source of constant potential difference, A discharged capacitor of capacity 1.5 F falls to
(A) all the charge drawn from the source is stored the free ends of the wire. Then
in the capacitor.
(B) all the energy drawn from the source is stored 15
. F
in the capacitor.
(C) the potential difference across the capacitor
grows very rapidly initially and this rate decreases –
+ 120V
to zero eventually. 150V – 2F 3F +
(D) the capacity of the capacitor increases with A
the increase of the charge in the capacitor
(A) charge on the 1.5 F capacitor is 180 C
5. When two identical capacitors are charged (B) charge on the 2 F capacitor is 120 C
individually to different potentials and connected (C) charge flows through A from right to left
parallel to each other, after disconnecting them (D) charge flows through A from left to right
from the source :

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## 8. In the circuit shown initially C 1, C 2 are

uncharged. After closing the switch 12F

E
7F
12V 3.9 F
C 2  8 F 3F
C 1  4 F
6V (A) potential difference across the 3F capacitor
is 10 V
(A) The charge on C2 is greater that on C1 (B) charge on the 3F capacitor is 42C
(C) e.m.f. of the battery is 30V
(B) The charge on C1 and C2 are the same
(C) The potential drops across C1 and C2 are the (D) potential difference across the 12F capacitor
same is 10V
(D) The potential drops across C2 is greater than Question No.12 to 15 (4 questions)
that across C1 The figure shows a diagonal sym metric
arrangement of capacitors and a battery
9. A circuit shown in the figure consists of a
12. Identify the correct statements.
battery of emf 10V and two capacitance C1 and
C2 of capacitances 1.0F and 2.0F respectively. 4F 2F
The potential difference VA – VB is 5V B

2F
A B
 A C
C1 C2 2F D 4F
(A) charge on capacitor C1 is equal to charge on + –
capacitor C2
E=20V
(B) Voltage across capacitor C1 is 5V
(C) Voltage across capacitor C2 is 10 V (A) Both the 4F capacitors carry equal charges
in opposite sense
(D) Energy stored in capacitor C1 is two times
the energy stored in capacitor C2 (B) Both the 4F capacitors carry equal charges
in same sense
10. Two capacitors of equal capacitance (C1 =
(C) VB – VD > 0
C2) are shown in the figure. Initially, while the
(D) VD – VB > 0
switch S is open, one of the capacitors is
13. If the potential of C is zero, then
uncharged and the other carries charge Q0. The
(A) VA = + 20V
energy stored in the charged capacitor is U0.
(B) 4(VA – VB) + 2(VD – VB) = 2VB
Sometimes after the switch is colsed, the
capacitors C1 and C2 carry charges Q1 and Q2, (C) 2(VA – VD) + 2(VB – VD) = 4VD
respectively, the voltages across the capacitors (D) VA = VB + VD
are V1 and V2, and the energies stored in the 14. The potential of the point B and D are
capacitors are U1 and U2. Which of the following (A) VB = 8V (B) VB = 12V
statements is INCORRECT ? (C) VD = 8V (D) VD = 12V
15. The value of charge q1, q2 and q3 as shown in
S the figure are
q1 q2
C1 C2 + – B + –
+q
3

A + – + – C
1 q2 D q1
(A) Q 0  (Q1  Q 2 ) (B) Q1 = Q2
2
+ –
(C) V1 = V2 (D) U1 = U2
(E) U0 = U1 + U2 E=20V
(A) q1 = 32 C ; q2 = 24 C ; q3 = – 8 C
11. Four capacitors and a battery are connected
(B) q1 = 48 C ; q2 = 16 C ; q3 = + 8 C
as shown. The potential drop across the 7F
(C) q1 = 32 C ; q2 = 24 C ; q3 = + 8 C
capacitor is 6V. Then the
(D) q1 = 3 C ; q2 = 4 C ; q3 = + 2 C

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16. A parallel-plate capacitor is connected to a 19. In the circuit shown in the figure, the switch
cell. Its positive plate A and its negative plate B S is initially open and the capacitor is initially
have charges +Q and –Q respectively. A third uncharged. I1, I2 and I3 represent the current in
plate C, identical to A and B, with charge +Q, is
the resistance 2, 4 and 8 respectively.
now introduced midway between A and B, parallel 4F
to them. Which of the following are correct ? 2 I1
(A) The charge on the inner face of B is now S
3Q 6V 8 2F 4
 I3 I2
2
(B) There is no change in the potential difference
between A and B (A) Just after the switch S is closed, I1 = 3A, I2 =
(C) The potential difference between A and C is 3A and I3 = 0
one-third of the potential difference between B (B) Just after the switch S is closed, I1 = 3A, I2 =
and C 0 and I3 = 0
(D) The charge on the inner face of A is now Q/2 (C) long time after the switch S is closed, I1 =
0.6A, I2 = 0 and I3 = 0
17. Two capacitors C1 = 4F and C2 = 2F are
charged to same potential V = 500 Volt, but with (D) long after the switch S is closed, I1 = I2 = I3 =
opposite polarity as shown in the figure. The 0.6A
switches S1 and S2 are closed.
20. The circuit shown in the figure consists of a
+ –
S1 C1 S2 battery of emf  = 10 V; a capacitor of capacitance
C = 1.0F and three resistor of values R1 = 2, R2
= 2 and R3 = 1. Initially the capacitor is
– + completely uncharged and the switch S is open.
C2 The switch S is closed at t = 0.

## (A) The potential difference across the two R1

capacitors are same and is given by 500/3V S
(B) The potential difference across the two
capacitors are same and is given by 1000/3V
 R2 R3 C
(C) The ratio of final energy to initial energy of
the system is 1/9
(D) The ratio of final energy to initial energy of
(A) The current through resistor R3 at the moment
the system is 4/9
the switch closed is zero
(B) The current through resistor R3 a long time
18. In the circuit shown, each capacitor has a after the switch closed is 5A
capacitance C.The emf of the cell is E. If the (C) The ratio of current through R1 and R2 is always
switch S is closed constant
S (D) The maximum charge on the capacitor during
C
the operation is 5C
C
C
21. In the circuit shown in figure C1 = C2 =
+ – 2F. Then charge stored in
E
(A) positive charge will flow out of the positive 1 2 3
terminal of the cell
(B) positive charge will enter the positive terminal C1 C2
of the cell
(C) the amount of charge flowing through the 2 1 3
cell will be CE
(D) the amount of charge flowing through the
120V
cell will be 4/3 CE

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(A) capacitor C1 is zero (A) Charge from the battery flows into the
capacitor after reconnection
(B) capacitor C2 is zero
(B) Charge from capacitor flows into the battery
(C) both capacitor is zero after reconnection
(D) capacitor C1 is 40C (C) The potential difference between the plates
increases when the plates are pulled apart
(D) After reconnection of battery potential
22. A capacitor of capacity C is charged to a difference between the plate will immediately
steady potential difference V and connected in becomes half of the initial potential difference.
series with an open key and a pure resistor ‘R’. At (Just after disconnecting the battery)
time t = 0, the key is closed. If I = current at
time t, a plot of log I against ‘t’ is as shown in (1) 26. A capacitor C is charged to a potential
in the graph. Later one of the parameters i.e. V, difference V and battery is disconnected. Now if
R or C is changed keeping the other two constant, the capacitor plates are brought close slowly by
and the graph (2) is recorded. Then some distance
(A) some + ve work is done by external agent
(B) energy of capacitor will decrease
(2) (C) energy of capacitor will increase
log I (D) none of the above
(1)
27. The separation between the plates of a
O t isolated charged parallel plate capacitor is
increased. Which of the following quantities will
(A) C is reduced (B) C is increased
change ?
(C) R is reduced (D) R is increased
(A) charge on the capacitor
Question No. 23 to 24 (2 question) (B) potential difference across the capacitor
The charge across the capacitor in two different (C) energy of the capacitor
RC circuits 1 and 2 are plotted as shown in figure. (D) energy density between the plates
q
28. A parallel plate capacitor is charged and then
qmax disconnected from the source of potential
1 difference. If the plates of the condenser are
2 then moved farther apart by the use of insulated
handle, which one of the following is true?
O t (A) the charge on the capacitor increases
23. Choose the correct statement (s) related to (B) the charge on the capacitor decreases
the two circuits (C) the capacitance of the capacitor increases
(A) Both the capacitors are charged to the same (D) the potential difference across the plate
charge increases
(B) The emf’s of cells in both the circuit are equal
29. A parallel plate capacitor A is filled with a
(C) The emf’s of the cells may be different dielectric whose dielectric constant varies with
(D) The emf E1 is more than E2 applied voltage as K = V. An identical capacitor B
of capacitance C 0 with air as dielectric is
24. Identify the correct statement(s) related to connected to voltage source V0 = 30 V and then
the R1, R2, C1 and C2 of the two RC circuits. connected to the first capacito r af ter
(A) R1 > R2 if E1 = E2 (B) C1 < C2 if E1 = E2 disconnecting the voltage source. The charge
R1 C 2 and voltage on capacitor.
(C) R1C1 > R2C2 (D) R  C (A) A are 25 C0 and 25 V
2 1
(B) A are 25 C0 and 5 V
25. A parallel plate capacitor is charged by (C) B are 5c0 and 5V
connecting it to a battery. The battery is (D) B are 5C0 and 25 V
disconnected and the plates of the capacitor are
pulled apart to make the separation between the 30. A parallel plate air-core capacitor is connected
plates twice. Again the capacitor is connected across a source of constant potential difference.
to the battery (with same polarity) then When a dielectric plate is introduced between
the two plates then :

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(A) some charge from the capacitor will flow back 35. Following operations can be performed on a
into the source capacitor X – connect the capacitor to a battery
(B) some extra charge from the source will flow of emf E Y – disconnect the battery
back into the capacitor Z – reconnect the battery with polarity reversed
(C) the electric field intensity between the two W – insert a dielectric slab in the capacitor
plate does not change (A) In XYZ (perform X, then Y, then Z) the stored
(D) the electric field intensity between the two electric energy remains unchanged and no thermal
plates will decrease energy is developed
(B) The charge appearing on the capacitor is
31. A parallel plate capacitor has a parallel sheet greater after the action XWY than after the action
of copper inserted between and parallel to the XYW.
two plates, without touching the plates. The (C) The electric energy stored in the capacitor is
capacity of the capacitor after the introduction greater after the action WXY than after the action
of the copper sheet is : XYW.
(A) minimum when the copper sheet touches one (D) The electric field in the capacitor after the
of the plates action XW is the same as that after WX
(B) maximum when the copper sheet touches one
of the plates
36. A parallel plate capacitor of plate area A and
(C) invariant for all positions of the sheet between
plate seperation d is charged to potential
the plates difference V and then the battery is disconnected.
(D) greater than that before introducing the sheet
A slab of dielectric constant K is then inserted
32. The plates of a parallel plate capacitor with between the plates of the capacitor so as to fill
no dielectric are connected to a voltage source. the space between the plates. If Q, E and W
Now a dielectric of dielectric constant K is inserted denote respectively, the magnitude of charge on
to fill the whole sapce between the plates with each plate, the electric field between the plates
voltage source remaining connected to the (after the slab is inserted) and the work done on
capacitor. the system, in question, in the process of inserting
(A) the energy stored in the capacitor will become the slab, then
K-times  0 AV  0KAV
(A) Q  (B) Q 
(B) the electric field inside the capacitor will d d
decrease to K-times V  0 AV 2  1
(C) the force of attraction between the plates (C) E  (D) W   1  
Kd 2d  K
will increase to K2 - times
(D) the charge on the capacitor will increase to
K-times 37. A parallel plate capacitor is connected to a
battery. The quantities charge, voltage, electric
33. The capac field and energy associated with the capacitor
itance of a parallel plate capacitor is C when the are given by Q0, V0, E0 and U0 respectively. A
region between the plate has air. This region is dielectric slab is introduced between plates of
now filled with a dielectric slab of dielectric capacitor but battery is still in connection. The
constant k. The capacitor is connected to a cell corresponding quantities now given by Q, V, E
of emf E, and the slab is taken out and U related to previous ones are
(A) charge CE(k –1) flows through the cell (A) Q > Q0 (B) V > V0
(B) energy E2C(k – 1) is absorbed by the cell (C) E > E0 (D) U < U0
(C) the energy stored in the capacitor is reduced 38. If Q is the charge on the plates of a capacitor
by E2C(k – 1) of capacitance C, V the potential difference
1 2
(D) the external agent has to do E C(k  1) between the plates, A the area of each plate
2 and d the distance between the plates, the force
amount of work to take the slab out
34. A dielectric slab is inserted between the plates of attraction between the plates is
of an isolated charged capacitor. Which of the
1  Q2  1  CV 2 
following quantities will remain the same ? (A) 2   A  (B) 2  d 
(A) the electric field in the capacitor  0   
(B) the charge on the capacitor
(C) the potential difference between the plates 1  CV 2  1  Q2 
(C) 2  A  (D) 4  
2
(D) the stored energy in the capacitor  0    0d 

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