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What is Leadership


 is a person who influences a group of people towards the achievement of

a goal.
 is one who goes first and leads by example, so that others are motivated
to follow him.
 a person who has a deep- rooted commitment to the goal that he will
strive to achieve it even if nobody follows him.


 Leadership is characterized by position and ability.

-Position-responsible for control of certain situation in directing and guiding


-Ability-capacity/skill to influence relationship with others

 Leadership is the art of motivating a group of people to act towards

achieving a common goal.

General Functions of Leaders in a BCPC

 Conducting General Assembly and Committee Meetings

 Managing Programs/Projects
 Resource Mobilization
 Monitoring and Evaluation

Leadership Skills

Leadership Skills

1. Skills a Problem solving

2. Skills in Organizational Mechanics
3. Skills in Relationship Development
4. Skills in Community Management
1. Skills in Problem solving

 Identify and analyze group problems

 Set priorities
 Set general and specific objectives
 Formulate action and strategies
 Implement and evaluate actions

2. Skills in Organizational Mechanics

 Prepare/ organize meetings

 Prepare agenda/ keep records
 Document proceedings/ prepare minutes
 Prepare resolutions
 Create necessary committees
 Carry committee work effectively
 Draft by-laws/ promulgate policies of the organization with members/ non
members on the importance of the organization
 Formulate goals and plan of actions
 Sustain participation of officers and members in collective activities
 Continuously communicate on organizational activities.

3. Skills in Relationship Development

 Express positive and negative feelings about self and others

 Express positive and negative feedbacks on how each members affect each other
 Receive positive and negative feedback
 Volunteer needed help to others
 Determine and apply various ways of creating relationship among members
 Identify/ analyze conflict situations clearly
 Determine/demonstrate skills
 Self discovery
 Self disclosure
 Giving and receiving feedbacks
 Basic communication
4.Skills in Community Management

 Access community needs, values, expectations

 Identify existing internal and external community resources
 Analyze constraints
 Formulate strategic plan (VMG)
 Identify, sequence and schedule activities/ resources needed in implementing
 Set up system/ procedure for the implementation of projects
 Monitor community projects, modify plan if needed
 Identify ways of checking whether plans are implemented
 Evaluate community projects

Styles of Leadership

One way of looking at leadership is examining the style of leadership.

Basic Styles of Leadership

1. Autocratic style
-The leader determines all policies and gives order to the group members.
Decision-making is exclusively the prerogative of the leader. This is most effective
when an urgent decision has to be made.

2. Democratic Style

-The policies are set through group discussions and decisions, with the leader
encouraging and helping the group to interact. The members
participate in the decision-making processes of the group. This style would be
most effective when a great deal of membership commitment to the
implementation of a decision is needed.

3. Laissez faire style

-There is very little participation of the leader in the decision-making processes.

This proves very effective when the group committed to a decision has the
resources to implement it and needs a minimum of interference to work

The Qualities Necessary in Leaders

1. Physical and Nervous Energy

-Personal power requires the possession of a generous and unusual
endowment of physical and nervous energy. The leader’s effectiveness is in
the first place dependent upon his basic constitutional strength and health.
The leader’s energy begets energy in the followers.

2. Maka-Diyos

-The true leader believes in a transcendent force that is present within

him/her, a truth guides him/her life; thus he/she is given
to prayer, meditation in whatever he/she does.

3. Makatao

-The true leader believes that his/ her meaning is more in giving than in
receiving without expecting a return, in utilizing his/ her
gifts in order to contribute to other’s well-being; he or
she is respectful of all persons especially the poor and the vulnerable
particularly children, he/ she is willing to listen to them, their
needs and how they view their problems, she/he does not care for
glory, privilege or rank but only for drawing out the potentials
of people and facilitating them to bring out also their best in life.

4. Makabayan

-The true leader is proud of being a Filipino, proud of hid/ her cultural
heritage; is conscious of the Filipino’s inner potentials for
change, can harness people to appreciate their roots; can assist them in
their struggle to be free from the clutches of local and foreign domination;
and is courageous enough to fight for the sovereign will of the
Filipinos in all institutional spheres: political, economic, educational, and
media, and church.
5. May Kagandahang Loob

-The true leader possesses the Filipino’s innate good qualities expressed in
pakikipagkapwa tao, pakikiramay (the authentic pakikisama), concerned
about in pagbibigay-buhay to all, not just to the rich and powerful.

6. May Lakas ng Loob

-The true leader possesses inner strength and courage in trying to live up
to kagandahang loob and in the process patiently endures the suffering
that goes with the struggles “marunong magmalasakit sa kapwa.

Leadership Patterns

 Christian leadership is a share in the leadership of Christ. It is leadership of

SERVICE. Our Lord’s words: “I come to serve not to be served”. Matthew
 The fundamental and all embracing attitude of the Christian who has been
chosen to lead must be one of HUMILITY. A person who is convinced that
s/he has been chosen by God to be a leader has not f or this reason a basis
for self-complacency or self-congratulation. On the contrary such a
conviction should cast her/him to the ground in a movement of adoration
and awe, in a gesture of fear at the burden of responsibility which God has
placed on her/his shoulders.
 Christian leadership connotes responsibility for others-her/her constant
objective must always be TO BRING OUT THE BEST IN OTHERS.

The chief characteristics of a true leader

1. OPEN-MINDED-He/she is capable of listening to and accepting opinions of

others. S/he can put aside her/his own opinion if this is necessary for the
2. GENEROUS: S/he is ready to sacrifice his time and energy for the good of all.
3. RESPECTED: People respect her/ him not because of her/ his power or her/ his
position, but because of her/his OWNSELF.
4. GOOD PERSONAL RELATIONS: “Marunong siyang makisama sa iba”. S/he
respects and give considerations to others (without sacrificing moral and ethical
values)-s/he comes on time to appointments, with “word of honor” and a model
in following rules to put everything in order and no one will be jeopardized.
5. CREATIVE: S/he uses her/his imagination and is not afraid to try something new,
even though this involves taking a risk.

The following are not true leaders

1. Mr. Abuloy:

-Siya’y lagging nag-aabuloy sa anumang okasyon-kaya kung mayroong pilian ng

mga lider, siya’y lumalabas dahil sa utang na loob sa kanya ng tao. Natatakot ang
mga tao na siya ay hiyain.

2. Mr. Dominador:

-Sa anumang pagpapalitan ng kuro-kuro lagi siyang nangingibabaw kahit na ang

kanyang kuro- kuro ay mali. Malakas ang kanyang boses. Siya’y mapang
tuya at mapangbatikos sa kanyang kapwa na mangahas na sumalungat sa

3. Mr. Sanggano:

-Siya’y may “private army”. Sinusunod lamang siya dahil sa takot.

4. Mr. Orador:

-Mahusay siyang magsalita “matamis ang kanyang dila”. Kung siya’y magsalita,
siya’y kapanipaniwala. Kahi’t mali ang kanyang sinasabi, “marunong siyang

5. Mr. Matalino:

-Ang asal niya’y para bagang alam niya ang lahat. Wala siyang pasensiya sa
sinumang hindi sumang-ayon sa kanyang kuro-kuro.

6. Mr. Bida:

Gusto niyang maging lagging bida sa anumang usapan o gawain. Yuyukuran niya
ang karapatan ng bawa’t isa upang siya’y maging bida lamang.
Effective Communication


 A process of exchanging, sharing ideas or feelings for the purpose of achieving a

desired result or common understanding.

Importance of Communication

 Promotes open and frank exchange of ideas and feelings among members
which prevent misunderstandings and conflicts.
 Encourages the leaders as well as members to share their talents, skills and
resources as well as their problems and concerns with others without fear or
 Builds a feeling of closeness, acceptance and cooperation among the members
which facilitates the completion of their tasks and assignments.
Elements of Communication
1. Sender- source or originator of the message
2. MESSAGE –a feeling or idea that is transmitted by the sender
3. MEDIUM-means used by the sender to transmit the message
4. RECEIVER-destination of the message
5. FEEDBACK-receiver’s reaction or responsible to the message

Modes of Communication

1. Symbolic
-Expresses message through choice of clothes, color, object representation

2. Non-verbal

-Expresses message through body language, eye contact, gestures, touching.

3. Verbal-normally used under the following conditions:

 When message
 is short with minor details
 When there is an emergency situation and time is of the essence
 When face-to-face communication is required
 When immediate clarification, response or decision is needed
 When it calls for group interaction or exchange of ideas.

4.Written Communication

-precise figures/data or complicated details are involved

-when message is lengthy
-when transmission involves two or more layers of senders or receivers of
-when it involves procedures or steps that need to followed exactly
-when it needs to be formalized or documented to support specific transactions
-when quoting company policy or other authority

Factors Affecting Communication

-process of selecting what message to send and to receive using different filters
 Self-image
 Image of the other person/s
 Definition of other situations
 Motives, feelings and attitude
 Expectations
-process of absorbing, judging and acting on what you hear or listening with
understanding using following guidelines.
Barriers to Effective Organizational Communication
 Position authority difference
 Inter-group competition
 Physical/ geographical location of the organization/ membership
 Unclear reporting relationship/lines of authority
 An atmosphere of distrust/disrespect
 Poor working relationship
 Lack of awareness on the communication process
 Lack of skills in communication
 Lack of commitment to open communication.