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FORM TP 2018031 JANUARY 2OI8


CARIBBEAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL
CARIBBEAN SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE@
EXAMINATION
SOCIAL STUDIES
Paper 02 - General Proficiency
2 hours 40 minutes

READ THE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY.

I This paper consists of TWO Sections, A and B.

2. Section A consists of FouR questions. You must answer ALL FouR questions.

J Section B consists of THREE questions based on the optional areas of the syllabus. You
must do ONE question from this section.

4. You MUST answer a total of FIVE questions - FOUR from SECTION A and ONE from
SECTION B.

5 Where questions require an explanation, suggestion, proposal or reason, you should


develop your response fully.

6. Write your answers in the spaces provided in this booklet.

7 Do NOT write in the margins

I You are advised to take some time to read through the paper and plan your answers.

9 If you need to rewrite any answer and there is not enough space to do so on the original
page, you must use the extra lined page(s) provided at the back of this booklet. Remember
to draw a line through your original answer.

10. If youuse the extra page(s) you MUST write the question number clearly in the box
provided at the top of the extra page(s) and, where relevant, include the question
part beside the answer.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.

Copyright @ 2017 Caribbean Examinations Council


All rights reserved.

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Answer all FOUR questions from this section.

Where questions requirc an explanation, suggestion, proposal


or reason' you should develop your response fully.

INDIVIDUAL, FAMILY AI\[D SOCIETY

1. (a) Define the term 'extended family'.

(2 marks)

(b) (i) State ONE condition that may cause an extended family to be formed.

(1 mark)

(ii) Give ONE advantage which living in an extended family might have over living
in other types of families.

(1 mark)

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Describe TWO ways in which greater access to education and training by women
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has affected the economic functioning of families.

Way I

Way 2

(4 marks)

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0124302005
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In some Caribbean countries there appears to be an increase in the number of cases of


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abuse of the elderly.

(D Suggest THREE strategies a government may use to address this social issue.
(6 marks)

(ii) Explainwhy EACH ofthe strategies you suggested in (c) (i) is likely to be successful.
(6 marks)

Strategy I

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Explanation 1

Strategy 2

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Explanation 2 ...

Strategy 3 ..........

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Explanation 3

Total20 marks

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2. (a) (i) Define the term'constitution'
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(2 marks)

(ii) State TWO ways in which citizens can participate in the good goverance of their
country.

Way I

Way 2

(2 marks)

(b) Describe TWO situations that may cause a government to declare a state of emergency
in a country.

Situation 1

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Situation 2

(4 marks)

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Suggest THREE actions citizens may take if their rights have been violated by the
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government. (6 marks)

(ii) Explain why EACH action you sugg€sted in (c) (i) is likely to be successful.
(6 marks)

Action I ....

Explanation I

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Action 2

Explanation 2

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Explanation 3

Total20 marks

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Development of Human Resources

3. (a) (i) Define the term 'birth rate'.

(2 marks)

(ii) State TWO factors that can affect the binh rate in a country

Factor I

Factor 2 ..

(2 marks)

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The table below shows population data for a Caribbean country. Study it and then answer
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the questions that follow.

Age Group Males Females

60-65+ t4 950 15 6s0

s0-59 16200 l6 650


4H.9 l8 900 t2 600

30-39 20 840 l6 500

2o-29 40 650 43 900

10-19 62 tt3 60 390

0-9 20 22s 2l 300

(i) State the age group with the smallest number of males in the population

(1 mark)

(iD State the age group with the smallest number of females in the population.

(1 mark)

(iii) Explain ONE way in which the government of this country may plan to address
any change in the 10-19 age group.

(2 marks)

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(c) (i) Suggest, THREE actions a government may use to reduce the movement of a
population from rural areas to urban areas. (6 marks)

(ii) Explain why EACH action you suggested in (c) (i) is likely to be successful.
(6 marks)

Action I

Explanation I

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Action 2

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Action 3.....

Explanation 3

Total20 marks
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REGIONAL INTEGRATION
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Challenges to Caribbean Integration

4. Write an article for your school magazine in which you explain the challenges facing Caribbean
integration and suggest how the region may overcome these challenges.

In your essay, define the term 'economic integration' and differentiate between bilateral and multilateral
agreements. Describe TWO ways in which the geographical characteristics of the region may be an
obstacle to integration. Suggest THREE ways in which citizens may contribute to the development
of regional businesses. Explain why EACH action will be successful.

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Total20 marks

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SECTION B
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OPTIONS

Answer ONLY ONE question from this section.

Where the question requires an explanation, suggestion, proposal


or reason, you should develop your response fully.

5. COMMUNICATION

Sociocultural Influences on Communication in the Caribbean

Write an essay on the topic above. In your essay, define the term 'receiver' in the communication
process. State TWO factors, other than cultural differences, that are likely to cause a breakdown
in communication. Describe TWO ways in which people's beliefs may influence the form or
medium used in communication. Suggest THREE strategies a business may use to assist clients
who cannot communicate in the language of the host country. Explain why EACH strategy is
likely to be successful.
Total20 marks

6. CONSUMERAFFAIRS

Debit and Credit Cards: Influencing Consumer Spending

Write an essay on the topic above. In your essay, define the term 'consumer'. State TWO
categories of consumers who benefit from the use of credit and debit cards. Explain TWO ways
in which credit and debit cards influence consumers' demand for goods and services. Suggest
THREE strategies that consumers may use to protect themselves when using debit and credit
cards to purchase goods and services. Explain why EACH strategy is likely to be successful.
Total20 marks

7, TOURISM

Write a speech that you would present to your school's environmental club on the topic below.

Tourism and the Caribbean Environment

Begin your speech by defining the term 'international tourist'. Outline ONE reason why
international tourism is important to Caribbean countries. Explain TWO ways in which tourism
development has contributed to pollution of the marine environment of some Caribbean countries.
Suggest THREE actions that the government of a Caribbean country may take to protect the
marine environment from pollution. Explain why EACH of the actions is likely to be successful.
Total20 marks

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Write your answer to the question you have chosen to answer in Section B here.
Remember to write your question number in the box provided below.

Question No.

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Write your answer to the question you have chosen to answer in Section B here.
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Remember to write your question number in the box provided below.

Question No.

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Write your answer to the question you have chosen to answer in Section B here.
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Remember to write your question number in the box provided below.

Question No.

END OF TEST

IF YOU FINISH BEFORE TIME IS CALLED, CHECK YOUR WORK ON THIS TEST.

The Council has made every effort to trace copyright holders. However, tf any have been inadvertefily
overlooked, or any material has been incorrectly acknowledged, CXC will be pleased to correct this at
the eorliest opportunity.

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