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All told, up to the present, Jenner’s Semua mengatakan, hingga saat ini, vaksin

vaccine appears to have saved more than Jenner tampaknya telah menyelamatkan
half a billion lives since 1800, notes Dr. lebih dari setengah miliar orang sejak
1800, catatan Dr DA Henderson, yang
D.A. Henderson, who led the effort to
memimpin upaya pemberantasan cacar.
eradicate smallpox. Jenner should be Jenner harus dihitung sebagai salah satu
counted as one of the great heroes of the pahlawan besar dunia modern, namun ia
modern world, yet he is forgotten while lupa sementara semua orang tahu dari
everybody knows of Napoleon. That’s Napoleon. Itulah sejarah dari vaksin untuk
emblematic of the way vaccines get short mendapat sedikit perhatian.
shrift.
Dalam melaporkan kemiskinan di seluruh
In reporting on poverty worldwide, I’ve dunia, saya telah melihat berapa banyak
seen how much vaccines improve human vaksin yang meningkatkan kesejahteraan
manusia. Saya mengerti bagaimana
well-being. I understand how troglodytes
troglodytes di Taliban atau Boko Haram
in the Taliban or Boko Haram can be bisa curiga dengan vaksin, tetapi bukankah
suspicious of vaccines, but politicians here politisi di sini lebih makmur, daripada
in affluent, well-educated America? Moms Amerika yang terdidik? Bagaimana
and dads in Santa Monica? dengan orangtua di Santa Monica?

Granted, for a time, it was plausible to Memang, untuk sementara waktu, masuk
wonder about a possible link between akal untuk bertanya-tanya tentang
vaccines and autism, based on a 1998 kemungkinan adanya hubungan antara
vaksin dan autisme, berdasarkan sebuah
article in The Lancet, the British medical
artikel 1998 di The Lancet, jurnal
journal. But that report was quickly kedokteran Inggris. Namun laporan yang
discredited by at least 13 studies, and it cepat didiskreditkan oleh setidaknya 13
was retracted in 2010. The author has been studi, dan itu ditarik pada tahun 2010.
stripped of his medical license. Penulis telah dilucuti dari lisensi
medisnya.
In Britain, for example, researchers found
no change in the rate of autism diagnosis Di Inggris, misalnya, para peneliti
after the 1987 introduction of the M.M.R. menemukan tidak ada perubahan dalam
vaccine against measles, mumps and tingkat diagnosis autisme setelah 1987
pengenalan MMR vaksin campak, gondok
rubella, and M.M.R. vaccination rates
dan rubella, dan MMR tingkat vaksinasi
were similar for autistic children and for yang sama untuk anak-anak autis dan
others. Likewise, studies in California and orang lain. Demikian juga, studi di
Atlanta found no correlation between California dan Atlanta tidak menemukan
autism rates and M.M.R. vaccinations. korelasi antara tingkat autisme dan MMR
Japan suspended the M.M.R. vaccine vaksinasi. Jepang menangguhkan M.M.R.
vaksin karena masalah kesehatan, namun
because of health concerns, yet a careful
penelitian yang cermat menemukan bahwa
study found that autism continued to rise. autisme terus meningkat.
Dr. Philip J. Landrigan, the chairman of
Dr Philip J. Landrigan, ketua departemen
the department of preventive medicine at kedokteran preventif di sekolah kedokteran
the Mount Sinai medical school, says that Mount Sinai, mengatakan bahwa mungkin
there may be environmental factors linked autisme, tapi ini berhubungan dengan ada
to autism, but these relate to endocrine faktor lingkungan terkait dengan bahan
disrupting chemicals in consumer kimia yang mengganggu kelenjar
products, not to vaccines. endokrin dalam produk konsumen, tidak
vaksin.
“Rather than worry about a vaccine-autism
connection that has been proven not to "Daripada khawatir tentang koneksi
vaksin-autisme yang telah terbukti tidak
exist, parents should be banding together
ada, orang tua harus bersatu dan memilih
and writing their elected officials to insist pejabat mereka pilih untuk membuktikan
that chemicals be properly tested for bahwa bahan kimia yang diuji benar
toxicity to children before they are allowed toksisitasnya untuk anak-anak sebelum
to enter the American market,” Dr. vaksin tersebut diizinkan untuk memasuki
Landrigan told me. “The Europeans have pasar Amerika," kata Dr. Landrigan
passed such legislation. We should, too.” kepada saya. "Orang-orang Eropa telah
mengeluarkan undang-undang tersebut.
And a reminder to those not immunized, Kami harus juga. "
do not travel to many parts of Africa and
Dan pengingat untuk mereka yang tidak
Asia where these diseases are still diimunisasi, jangan melakukan banyak
common. If you do,... perjalanan ke bagian Afrika dan Asia di
mana penyakit ini masih sering terjadi.
It's simpler (more interesting?) to focus on Jika kamu melakukan,...
Bruce Jenner's achievements than on
Edward Jenner's. Americans are fascinated Ini sederhana (lebih menarik?) Untuk
by what goes on... fokus pada prestasi Bruce Jenner dari pada
Edward Jenner. Amerika terpesona oleh
Measles kills. Go to a mid-west cemetery apa yang terjadi di ...
that dates back to the late 19th century and
there will be tiny grave markers dated with Campak membunuh. Pergi ke pemakaman
a few... pertengahan barat yang tanggal kembali ke
abad ke-19 dan akan ada penanda kuburan
Yet American parents remain fixated on kecil tanggal dengan beberapa ...
vaccines in ways that endanger children.
Namun orang tua di America tetap
According to the World Health
bersikeras mengatakan bahwa vaksin
Organization, the measles vaccination rate merupakan cara yang membahayakan.
in 2013 stood at 91 percent in the United Menurut Organisasi Kesehatan Dunia,
States — lower than in Zimbabwe or tingkat vaksinasi campak pada tahun 2013
Bangladesh. mencapai 91 persen di Amerika Serikat -
lebih rendah daripada di Zimbabwe atau
Bangladesh.
1. All told, until today, the invention of the telephone seems to have helped a lot of
people since 1922.
2. Graham Bell should be counted as one of the heroes of the world, but he had forgotten
while everyone knows of Antonio Meucci.
3. That is the history of the invention of the telephone
4. In the mid 1920s, vaccines have been developed against Dipteri (a disease often
causing death in children) and pertussis.
5. Rudi children are very diligent, but is certainly diligent will always get a good value?
6. In 2002, the United States House of Representatives ruled that he invented the first
working telephone, although Alexander Graham Bell was first to patent it.
7. Ebola vaccine was developed by the Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
United States and the pharmaceutical company GlaxoSmithKline.
8. Besides the United States, Britain and Canada are also developing a vaccine that
could protect against this deadly virus.
9. Manuel Simangunsong, principal of SMPN 3, said that the students will be closed, but
it is related to the smoke that irritate the lungs in breathing, not a national holiday.
10. She told me,“the sun rises in the east”.
11. Expectations of both, these tools can be developed back and be a lot more attention
from the public.
12. It allows researchers to double check and examine the geochemical data left by
ancient humans in the cave.
13. The inscription is thought to date from between 1520 to 1920.
14. However, watching television also has the potential to adversely affect children and
adolescents, such as aggressive behavior, substance abuse, risky sexual activity,
obesity, eating disorders, and decreased performance in school