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Report on Abu Sultan

Power Station
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- Egyptian Russian University Faculty of Engineering -

Name: Mohamed Salama Mohamed


ID:
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
TO OUT STOCKHOLDERS _________________ Error! Bookmark not defined.
Strategic Highlights _________________________________ Error! Bookmark not defined.
Financial Highlights _________________________________ Error! Bookmark not defined.
Operating Highlights ________________________________ Error! Bookmark not defined.
Looking Ahead _____________________________________ Error! Bookmark not defined.

FINANCIAL SUMMARY_____________________ Error! Bookmark not defined.


FINANCIAL STATEMENTS ________________________________________ 7
Statement of Financial Position ______________________________________________ 7
Statement of Comprehensive Income (Profits and Losses) ________________________ 7
Statement of Changes in Equity _____________________________________________ 7
Statement of Cash Flows ___________________________________________________ 7

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS ______________________________ 8


Accounts _______________________________________________________________ 8
Debt ___________________________________________________________________ 8
Debt ___________________________________________________________________ 8
Going Concern ___________________________________________________________ 8
Contingent Liabilities ______________________________________________________ 8
Takeaways ______________________________________________________________ 8

INDEPENDENT AUDITOR’S REPORT ______________________________ 9


Auditor’s Report __________________________________________________________ 9
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INTRODUCTION

Thermal power station


A thermal power station is a power station in which heat energy is converted to
electric power. In most of the places in the world the turbine is steam-driven. Water is
heated, turns into steam and spins a steam turbine which drives an electrical
generator. After it passes through the
turbine, the steam is condensed in a
condenser and recycled to where it was
heated; this is known as a Rankine cycle.
The greatest variation in the design of
thermal power stations is due to the
different heat sources; fossil fuel
dominates here, although nuclear heat
energy and solar heat energy are also used.
Some prefer to use the term energy center
because such facilities convert forms of
heat energy into electrical energy. Certain
thermal power stations are also designed
to produce heat energy for industrial purposes, or district heating, or desalination of
water, in addition to generating electrical power.

Types of thermal energy


Almost all coal, petroleum, nuclear, geothermal, solar thermal electric, and waste
incineration plants, as well as many natural gas power stations are thermal. Natural
gas is frequently combusted in gas turbines as well as boilers. The waste heat from a
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gas turbine, in the form of hot exhaust gas, can be used to raise steam, by passing this
gas through a heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) the steam is then used to drive a
steam turbine in a combined cycle plant that improves overall efficiency. Power
stations burning coal, fuel oil, or natural gas are often called fossil fuel power
stations. Some biomass-fueled thermal power stations have appeared also. Non-
nuclear thermal power stations, particularly fossil-fueled plants, which do not use
cogeneration are sometimes referred to as conventional power stations
Commercial electric utility power stations are usually constructed on a large scale and
designed for continuous operation. Virtually all Electric power stations use three-
phase electrical generators to produce alternating current (AC) electric power at a
frequency of 50 Hz or 60 Hz. Large companies or institutions may have their own
power stations to supply heating or electricity to their facilities, especially if steam is
created anyway for other purposes. Steam-driven power stations have been used to
drive most ships in most of the 20th century until recently. Steam power stations are
now only used in large nuclear naval ships. Shipboard power stations usually directly
couple the turbine to the ship's propellers through gearboxes. Power stations in such
ships also provide steam to smaller turbines driving electric generators to supply
electricity.

Alternatives to fossil fuel power plants


Alternatives to fossil fuel power plants include nuclear power, solar power,
geothermal power, wind power, tidal power, hydroelectric power (hydroelectricity),
biomass power plants and other renewable energies (see non-carbon economy). Some
of these are proven technologies on an industrial scale (i.e. nuclear, wind, tidal,
hydroelectric and biomass fired power) others are still in prototype form.
Nuclear power, and geothermal power may be classed as heat pollutants as they add
heat energy to the biosphere that would not otherwise be released.[citation needed]
The net quantity of energy conversion within the biosphere due to the utilisation of
wind power, solar power, tidal power, hydroelectric power (hydroelectricity) is static
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and is derived from the effects of sunlight and the movement of the moon and planets.
Generally, the cost of electrical energy produced by non fossil fuel burning power
plants is greater than that produced by burning fossil fuels. This statement however
only includes the cost to produce the electrical energy and does not take into account
indirect costs associated with the many pollutants created by burning fossil fuels .

Coal

TYPES
Diesel OF USED Natural
FULES Gas

Heating
Oil
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Thermal content
or thermal value
of fuel
The use of natural gas does not
require tanks, but the extension of
the stations directly through
natural gas networks
price

Operating efficiency
The use of diesel requires
of the thermal cycle tanks for storage and
pumps to discharge and
transfer the diesel and
needs a treatment plant to
Usage purify the diesel
expenses

Factors that
control the
choice of fuel
Gas and diesel
have no waste

Waste disposal

Gas and diesel have


no trouble in operating
such as heating oil
Operating and coal
trouble

Difficulty of maintenance
work for tasks is taken
into consideration when
Maintenance evaluating
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FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Statement of Financial Position


 Liabilities
 Statement of Financial Position
 Ownership Equity

Statement of Comprehensive Income (Profits and Losses)


 Income
 Expenses
 Profits

Statement of Changes in Equity


Well, it wouldn’t be an annual report without a lot of numbers, right? This section is the place
for all those financial tables.
To get started with a table that looks just like the sample here, on the Insert tab, tap Table.

DESCRIPTION REVENUE EXPENSES EARNINGS

Statement of Cash Flows


 Operating
 Investing
 Financing
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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Accounts
When you have a document that shows a lot of numbers, it’s a good idea to have a little text
that explains the numbers. You can do that here.

Debt
Of course, we would all prefer to just have profits. But if you’ve got any debt, this is the place
to make notes about it.

Debt Contingent Liabilities


Of course, we would all prefer to just have Keep in mind that some of these headings
profits. But if you’ve got any debt, this is the might not apply to your business (and you
place to make notes about it. might have others to add). This one, for
example, is about potential liabilities that could
Going Concern arise if something happens in the future, such
Okay, you get the idea. If you’ve got notes to as a pending legal decision.
add about your financials, add them here.
Takeaways
“Strong Caption Goes Here. What would you like your readers to

Write Something in This understand? Add notes on key takeaways

Caption Holder.” here.


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INDEPENDENT AUDITOR’S REPORT

Auditor’s Report

 Unqualified Opinion
 Qualified Opinion Report
 Adverse Opinion Report
 Disclaimer of Opinion Report
 Auditor’s Report on Internal Controls of Public Companies
 Going Concern