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The Purpose of Reading. The purpose of reading is to connect the ideas on the page to what you already know.

you don't know anything about a subject, then pouring words of text into your mind is like pouring water into your

Plus, it can boost your brain power. Not only does regular reading help make you smarter, but it can actually
increase your brain power. Just like going for a jog exercises your cardiovascular system, reading regularly improves
memory function by giving your brain a good work out.
Discrimination against Homosexuals

Everyone is prejudice in some way or another. People are taught at a very young age to
discriminate against others. Whether it is because of race, religion, sexuality, gender, age,
personality or way of life, everyone pre-judges. Experiencing uprising discrimination lately are
homosexuals. Anti gay/lesbian discrimination tends to be particularly brutal and nasty.
Homosexuals are victims of prejudice for multiple reasons. Homosexuality contradicts some
religious beliefs such as the traditional family (man, wife and child), and unusual behavior. They
come across problems with getting married, getting jobs, receiving and giving education, adoption
and much more. Bahamians often use words associated with homosexuality as standard insults,
reinforcing the conception that it is highly undesirable to be gay. This can silence young people
who are experiencing gay feelings and prevent them from revealing their sexuality, and even
encourage young gay men to pretend to be heterosexual and join in homophobic taunts to protect
themselves. Many gay and lesbian adults who began to identify themselves as 'different' in their
school years say that the absence of support, understanding, and/or information was sometimes a
source of distress in itself and often magnified their anxieties. There are many different ways in
which homosexual people experience homophobia, including malicious gossip, name-calling,
intimidating looks, internet bullying, vandalism and theft of property, discrimination at work, school
and the community, isolation and rejection, sexual assault, or in some countries, being sentenced
to death. All forms of homophobia are destructive, not just for people living openly as a
homosexual, but for society as a whole. Living in a homophobic environment forces many
homosexuals to conceal their sexuality, for fear of the negative reactions and consequences of
coming out.

One thing that differentiates many people in the world is their sexual orientation. There are those
who are heterosexual and they can be seen as people who are sexually attracted to or have
sexual relations with someone of the opposite sex. On the other hand, there are those who are
totally different from heterosexuals, and they are known as homosexuals. Homosexuality is one
of those things that many people depending on what society they live in, see as “weird” because it
is not considered to be a social norm. It is something different which does not come along with the
majority of people. But just like heterosexuals, homosexuals are regular people doing things that
make them happy despite their sexual preference. Homosexuality can be defined as having a
sexual attraction or having sexual relations with a person of the same sex. Men that are
considered homosexual are called gay and women are referred to as lesbians.

Discrimination is stemmed from a subtle form of prejudice and stereotype. The modern day
society is quite oblivious to the seriousness of this matter. Studies show that police officers are
more likely to halt and search blacks than whites. In New York City, 80% of the stops made were
blacks and 85% of those people were frisked, compared to a measly 8% of white people that were
halted (“The Reality of Racial Profiling”). Article 2 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
instills the zero-tolerance against discrimination. Discrimination is the prejudicial treatment of a
person, racial group or minorities restricting members on the grounds of race, sex or age based
on categories disregarding their individual attributes. This predicament does not only happen in
under-developed but also developed countries among all ages in various places. This mostly
happens because society is always thriving to embrace sameness instead of something different.

Discrimination has been around for centuries and even though there have been many
improvements in the way society deals with discrimination, we still have a very long way to
go. Gay and lesbian youth are two to three times more likely to commit suicide than other
youths and 30% of all completed adolescence suicides are related to sexual identity.
Parents, teachers, students – everyone needs to be more open about homosexuality and
there should also be an understanding that being gay or lesbian is perfectly fine – as long as
their happy, you should be too.
Well, let’s face it, no one is born homophobic. When straight men and women show public
affection no one cares or stares. But when homosexuals do, someone is sure to make a
hostile comment. I admit it; everyone is prejudice in some way or another, yes. We all
judge to a point, it’s useless to deny it. But, simple things such as two men or women
holding hands or a brief hug can set some people off or “gross them out.” Everyone has
seen a heterosexual couple holding hands, and most of the time we don’t even notice it
because it’s such a common thing. Images of heterosexual P.D.A. have been implanted into
our minds since many of us were old enough to watch television. If we all agree that a
minor display of affection such as hand holding among a straight couple is perfectly
acceptable to society, why shouldn’t it be the same for same-sex couples? We all need to
show affection. It’s our outward statement of love – a right most of us take for granted.
Homosexuals are just ordinary people who happen to love the same sex. Anti-gay and
lesbian discrimination tends to be particularly brutal and nasty. There are many arguments
that homosexuality is filthy and that most gay individuals are pedophiles when in fact, over
90% of all reported molestations are carried out by heterosexual males. Some even
consider homosexuality to be a mental disorder – even though it was declassified as a
mental illness in 1973. Homosexuals are victims of prejudice for multiple reasons.
Homosexuality contradicts some religious beliefs, traditional family, and “out of the norm”
behavior. They run into problems with getting married, getting jobs, getting and giving
education, adoption and much more.
About 59% of people believe same-sex relationships should be accepted, however, the
other 41% still believe it is morally wrong. 97% of students in public high schools report
regularly hearing homophobic remarks from their peers or even teachers. Nearly half of all
gays or bisexuals have said that they have been teased or put down by family members.
With such negative feelings being thrown around and into their faces, you can only imagine
how discrimination grows and the pain leaves scars on innocent people.

Judging someone because of their sexual orientation is no different from judging someone
because of their color – and we all know that’s wrong. I mean, we’re taught not to judge
people because of their race or origin; we grow up learning and practicing it. I feel that if we
all work together to stop the hate, we can save those 3 in 10 people who commit suicide
because of their “unaccepted” sexual identity. So, let’s not victimize others because they’re
gay, or bisexual. It’s not fair because love is love and we’re all only human.


Discrimination is the prejudicial or distinguishing treatment of an individual based on their actual or

perceived membership in a certain group or category, such as their race, gender, sexual
orientation, ethnicity, national origin, or religion. Most societies in the world are such, that do not
accept and hence, judge, everything that is unknown to it or different from it. Thus, in our
everyday life we are witnesses of some sort of discrimination or mistreatment of other people and
in some cases we may find ourselves in the role of a discriminator, completely unconscious and
without deliberate intention in advance. A particular importance in the acceptance and
establishment of human rights has the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which was
adopted by the UN General Assembly on its meeting in Paris (10 December 1948). It has been
created starting from the principle that "all men are born free and equal in dignity and rights" - a
principle which has a strong influence in the world. The Declaration arose directly from the
experience of the Second World War and represents the first global expression of rights that
should be enjoyed by all human beings.

II.Types of discrimination
There are various types of discrimination. People are denied equality and dignity if they are
discriminated against based on their sex, religion, sexual preference, age, color, race, language,
genome, disability, marital status, etc.

1.Racial Discrimination

Racism refers to belief that there are certain inherent and characteristic differences between
certain groups of people that can be measured hierarchically, or the belief that one race is
superior to other races. Consequence of racism is a social, political and economic advantage of
one group of people over another. Granting or revoking privileges on the basis of race is called
racial discrimination. Some people consider being a racist as being smart and doing better for
yourself. They believe that a real racist is not a person who hates other people because of their
skin color, birth place, language spoken etc., but a person who has the ability to find the difference
in people and respect it. But, the majority of the world does not share the same view. Generally, a
racist is considered to be a person who ‘hates’ other races and therefore holds only disrespect to
them. In addition, a person has provided the following answer to one of the most frequently asked
questions: ‘Where racism is found most in the US’: “Racism is not found in a geographical region
in the United States. Rather, it is found in the hearts and minds of the people who populate it.
Where there is ignorance combined with hatred you will find racism. Unfortunately, form large
cities to the smallest of towns you will find rampant ignorance and deep seeded hatred. This
thought process knows no boundaries and therefore sprouts racism wherever there are people”.
The most controversial thing that happened in the United States in the 1860-es, concerning the
racism, is the forming of the Ku Klux Klan, or more commonly known as KKK. The Klan is a
‘secret’ organization, founded after finishing the civil war in USA, whose work is to impose racial
and religious impatience. It's considered to be the first fascism organization in the world. The
members have their unique, white clothes - white robes and hats with holes for the eyes. The
organization is secretly supported by the government and it is tolerated after all those destroyed
private properties and murders. The victims are almost always the same: Afro-Americans, Jewish,
but also the white Christians who were declared as defenders of the Afro-Americans and the
Jewish. *"There is a race war against whites. But our people - my white brothers and sisters - will
stay committed to a non-violent resolution. That resolution must consist of solidarity in white
communities around the world

Equity and legal rights for gay men and

Part of the reason gay and lesbian people experience marginalisation is that federal, state and territory
laws do not offer gay and lesbian people uniform protection against all forms of discrimination. For
example, Tasmania and Queensland don’t have any legislative protection, while Victoria has recently
introduced a range of new protective laws.

The Statute Law Amendment (Relationships) Act 2001 (Vic) – called ‘The Relationships Act’ – means that
Victorian gay men and lesbians have most of the same legal rights as heterosexual couples, although
they cannot marry. Prior to these changes, Victorian laws governing such factors as property rights and
stamp duty were applicable only to heterosexual couples.

In 2009, the Federal government went further and changed 58 laws that discriminated against gay and
lesbian people and their families.

I personally think its wrong. people do it out of ignorance and don't really know the person.
it more about hating someone with out even knowing someone or having the knowledge of
that person. the gay community is an example of a victim of discrimination. most religious
people hate the community because their bible says its wrong but yet the ironic thing is that
they are teaching people to love one another. "love thy neighbor thy you would to yourself"
but yet they are teaching children to hate the gay community? that makes no sense! we are
not that much different than heterosexual people. its a form of discrimination. that's why I
think it's wrong