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Jurong West Secondary School


Mid-Year Examinations 2017 50
MATHEMATICS 4048/02
Secondary Two Express 09 May 2017
Paper 2 0800 – 0915
1 hour 15 minutes
Candidates answer on the Question Paper.
Additional Materials: Graph paper (1 sheet)

This document consists of 12 printed pages.


2

Answer all questions.

1 The number 900 is increased by 20% and then decreased by 20%.


Find the new number.

[M1]

120 80
New number = 900 × 100 × 100

= 864 [A1]

Answer ................................................ [2]

2 Given that (𝑎 + 𝑏)2 = 144 and 𝑎𝑏 = 11 , find the value of 𝑎2 + 𝑏 2 .

(𝑎 + 𝑏)2 = 144
𝑎2 + 2𝑎𝑏 + 𝑏 2 = 144
𝑎2 + 2(11) + 𝑏 2 = 144 [M1]
𝑎2 + 𝑏 2 = 122 [A1]

Answer ................................................ [2]

JWSS Mid-Year Examinations 2017 Mathematics (4048/02) Secondary 2 Express


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3 (a) Expand and simplify (𝑎 + 1)2 .

(𝑎 + 1)2 = 𝑎2 + 2𝑎 + 1 [B1]

Answer (a) ........................................... [1]

(b) Hence evaluate 312 without using a calculator.

312 = (30 + 1)2 [M1] substitute a = 30


312 = 302 + 2(30) + 1
312 = 961 [A1]

Answer (b) ........................................... [2]

4 Factorise each of the following expressions completely.

(a) 2𝑥 + 4𝑥 2 𝑦

2𝑥 + 4𝑥 2 𝑦 = 2𝑥(1 + 2𝑥𝑦) [B1]

Answer (a) ........................................... [1]

(b) 9𝑥 2 + 15𝑥 + 6

9𝑥 2 + 15𝑥 + 6 = 3(3𝑥 2 + 5𝑥 + 2) [M1]


9𝑥 2 + 57𝑥 + 60 = 3(3𝑥 + 2)(𝑥 + 1) [A1]

Answer (b) ........................................... [2]

JWSS Mid-Year Examinations 2017 Mathematics (4048/02) Secondary 2 Express


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5 Solve each of the following equations.

(a) (2𝑥 − 5)(𝑥 + 3) = 0

(2𝑥 − 5)(𝑥 + 3) = 0
2𝑥 − 5 = 0 or 𝑥+3=0
𝑥 = 2.5 or 𝑥 = −3 [B1]

Answer (a) x = ................ or ................ [1]

(b) 𝑦2 − 4 = 0

𝑦2 − 4 = 0
(𝑦 + 2)(𝑦 − 2) = 0 [M1]
𝑦+2=0 or 𝑦−2=0
∴ 𝑦 = −2 or 𝑦=2 [A1]

Answer (b) y = ................ or ................ [2]

6 Solve the following pair of simultaneous linear equations.

3𝑥 + 𝑦 = 3
2𝑥 = 13 + 3𝑦

3𝑥 + 𝑦 = 3 –– (1)
2𝑥 = 13 + 3𝑦 –– (2)
From (1): 𝑦 = 3 − 3𝑥 –– (3)
Subst (3) into (2): 2𝑥 = 13 + 3(3 − 3𝑥) [M1] for substitution
2𝑥 = 13 + 9 − 9𝑥
11𝑥 = 22
𝑥=2 [A1]
Subst 𝑥 = 2 into (3): 𝑦 = 3 − 3(2)
𝑦 = −3 [A1]

Elimination method is also acceptable


Answer x = ................. , y = ................. [3]

JWSS Mid-Year Examinations 2017 Mathematics (4048/02) Secondary 2 Express


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7 Chocolates were sold in boxes. Each box of chocolates cost $4.80 in 2010.

(a) Given that the price of a box of chocolates increased by 7% from 2005 to
2010, find the price of a box of chocolates in 2005.

100
Price of a box of chocolates in 2005 = $4.80 × 107 [M1]

= $4.49 [A1]

Answer (a) $......................................... [2]

(b) Each box of chocolates cost $5.50 in 2015. Calculate the percentage
increase in the price of a box of chocolates from 2010 to 2015.

5.50−4.80
Percentage increase = × 100% [M1]
4.80
7
= 14.6% or 14 12 % [A1]

Answer (b) .......................................% [2]

JWSS Mid-Year Examinations 2017 Mathematics (4048/02) Secondary 2 Express


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8 The figure below shows a sequence of patterns that consists of squares.

Pattern 1 Pattern 2 Pattern 3

(a) Find the number of squares in Pattern 7.

Number of squares = 25 [B1]

Answer (a) ........................................... [1]

(b) Find an expression, in terms of n, for the number of squares in Pattern n.

Formula = 1 + 4(𝑛 − 1)
= 1 + 4𝑛 − 4
= 4𝑛 − 3 [B1]

Answer (b) ........................................... [1]

(c) Pattern x consists of 77 squares. Find the value of x.

4𝑥 − 3 = 77 [M1] for equating formula from (b) to 77


4𝑥 = 80
𝑥 = 20 [A1]

Answer (c) x = ..................................... [2]

JWSS Mid-Year Examinations 2017 Mathematics (4048/02) Secondary 2 Express


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9 Solve each of the following equations.


2 3
(a) − 𝑥+6 = 0
𝑥−2

2 3
− 𝑥+6 = 0
𝑥−2
2 3
= 𝑥+6
𝑥−2

2(𝑥 + 6) = 3(𝑥 − 2) [M1] for cross multiply


2𝑥 + 12 = 3𝑥 − 6 [M1]
𝑥 = 18 [A1]

Answer (a) x = ..................................... [3]


3𝑦−4 2𝑦−1
(b) + =5
5 4

3𝑦−4 2𝑦−1
+ =5
5 4
4(3𝑦−4) 5(2𝑦−1)
+ =5 [M1] for common denominator
20 20
12𝑦−16+10𝑦−5
=5
20
22𝑦−21
=5
20

22𝑦 − 21 = 5(20) [M1] for removing denominator


22𝑦 = 121
𝑦 = 5.5 [A1]

Answer (b) y = ..................................... [3]

JWSS Mid-Year Examinations 2017 Mathematics (4048/02) Secondary 2 Express


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10 (a) A bag contains 6 red marbles, 2 blue marbles, 4 green marbles and 3 yellow
marbles. A marble is chosen at random from the bag. Find the probability
that the chosen marble is

(i) red ,

6
Probability (red) = 6+2+4+3
2
=5 [B1]

Answer (a) (i) ...................................... [1]

(ii) white ,

0
Probability (white) = 6+2+4+3

=0 [B1]

Answer (a) (ii) ..................................... [1]

(iii) blue or yellow .

2+3
Probability (blue or yellow) = 6+2+4+3
1
=3 [B1]

Answer (a) (iii) .................................... [1]

(b) Another bag contains 9 white buttons, 3 blue buttons and x red buttons.
Given that the probability of drawing a blue button at random from the bag
3
is 17 , find the value of x.

3
Probability (blue) = 9+3+𝑥
3 3
= 12+𝑥 [M1]
17

17 = 12 + 𝑥
𝑥 =5 [A1]

Answer (b) x = ..................................... [2]

JWSS Mid-Year Examinations 2017 Mathematics (4048/02) Secondary 2 Express


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11 The distance between Town A and Town B is 224 km. A car travels from Town A
to Town B at the speed of x km/h.

(a) Write down an expression, in terms of 𝑥, for the time taken for the car to
travel from Town A to Town B.

224
Time taken = h [B1]
𝑥

Answer (a) ........................................ h [1]

(b) The car increases its speed by 10 km/h during the return journey. Write
down an expression, in terms of 𝑥, for the time taken for the return journey.

224
Time taken = h [B1]
𝑥+10

Answer (b) ........................................ h [1]

(c) 2
Given that the car took 5 h lesser to complete the return journey, form an
equation in 𝑥 and show that it reduces to 𝑥 2 + 10𝑥 − 5600 = 0 .

Answer

224 224 2
− 𝑥+10 = 5 [M1] for forming equation
𝑥
224(𝑥+10)−224𝑥 2
=5 [M1] for common denominator
𝑥(𝑥+10)

1120(𝑥 + 10 − 𝑥) = 2𝑥(𝑥 + 10)


5600 = 𝑥 2 + 10𝑥
𝑥 2 + 10𝑥 − 5600 = 0 (Shown) [A1]

[3]

JWSS Mid-Year Examinations 2017 Mathematics (4048/02) Secondary 2 Express


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(d) Solve the equation 𝑥 2 + 10𝑥 − 5600 = 0 .

𝑥 2 + 10𝑥 − 5600 = 0
(𝑥 − 70)(𝑥 + 80) = 0 [M1] for factorisation
𝑥 − 70 = 0 or 𝑥 + 80 = 0
𝑥 = 70 or 𝑥 = −80 [A2]

Answer (d) x = ................ or ................ [3]

(e) Hence find the time taken for the return journey.

224
Time taken = 𝑥+10
224
= 70+10

= 2.8 h [B1]

Answer (e) ........................................ h [1]

JWSS Mid-Year Examinations 2017 Mathematics (4048/02) Secondary 2 Express


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12 Answer the whole of this question on a sheet of graph paper.

The variables 𝑥 and 𝑦 are connected by the equation 𝑦 = 𝑥 2 + 2𝑥 − 3 .


Some corresponding values of 𝑥 and 𝑦 are given in the following table.

𝑥 –5 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 1 2
𝑦 12 5 𝑝 –3 –4 –3 0 5

(a) Find the value of 𝑝 . [1]

(b) Using a scale of 2 cm to 1 unit, draw a horizontal x-axis for –5 ≤ x ≤ 2 .


Using a scale of 1 cm to 1 unit, draw a vertical y-axis for – 4 ≤ y ≤ 12 .
On your axes, plot the points given in the table and join them with a smooth
curve. [3]

(c) From your graph, find the

(i) value of 𝑦 when 𝑥 = 1.5 , [1]

(ii) coordinates of the minimum point of 𝑦 = 𝑥 2 + 2𝑥 − 3 . [1]

End of Paper

(a) 𝑝=0 [B1]

(b) [B1] for correct scale used for both axes and clearly labelled as x and y
[B1] for accurate plotting of all the 8 points
[B1] for drawing a smooth curve joining all the 8 points

(c) (i) 𝑦 = 2.25 (calculated) so accept 2.1 ≤ 𝑦 ≤ 2.4 [B1]

(ii) Coordinates of minimum point = (−1, −4) [B1]

JWSS Mid-Year Examinations 2017 Mathematics (4048/02) Secondary 2 Express


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JWSS Mid-Year Examinations 2017 Mathematics (4048/02) Secondary 2 Express