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ASSIGNMENT 3

SUBJECT : BKC3883 PROCESS INTEGRATION ( E )


NAME : MUHAMMAD SYARIF WIRA’I BIN ABD RAZAK
ID NUMBER : KA14127

Question 1

Shifted Data
 Assume Delta T = 20oC

Stream Tsource Ttarget Heat duty CP


No. Type (oC) (oC) (MW) (MW/oC)
1 Hot 150 30 3.6 0.03
2 Hot 40 39 5 5
3 Hot 130 100 1.5 0.05
4 Cold 170 171 5 5
5 Cold 70 160 1.8 0.02
Temperature Interval

T (oC) 0.03 5 0.05 5 0.02 Cold Hot Cold-


Hot
171
5 0 5 Deficit
170
4 0 0 0 Deficit
160
1 0.2 0 0.2 Deficit
150
3 0.4 0.6 -0.2 Surplus
130
0.6 2.4 -1.8 Surplus
100
0.6 0.9 -0.3 Surplus
70
2 5 0 0.9 -0.9 Surplus
40
0 5.03 -5.03 Surplus
39
0 0.27 -0.27 Surplus
30
Cascade Diagram

Hot Utility
T (oC) Q (kW) Q (kW)
171 0 5.2
5
170 -5 0.2
0
160 -5 0.2
0.2
150 -5.2 0
-0.2
130 -5 0.2
-1.8
100 -3.2 2
-0.3
70 -2.9 2.3
-0.9
40 -2 3.2
-5.03
39 3.03 8.23
-0.27
30 3.3 8.5

Cold Utility
Composite Curve
170
160
150
140
130
120
Temperature (oC)

110
100
90
80 Cold Stream
70
60 Hot Stream
50
40
30
20
10
0
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18
Heat Duty (MW)

Figure 1 : Composite Curve

Grand Composite Curve


180
170
160
150
140
130
120
Temperature (oC)

110
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Heat Duty (MW)

Figure 2 : Grand Composite Curve


Question 2

From figure 1, with ∆Tmin = 20oC, the minimum heat utilities needed by the process is 5.2 MW
while the minimum cooling utilities is 8.5 MW. The amount of cooling is much higher compare
to heating process. To consider the heat recovery from hot stream to cold stream, the hot
composite curve must be in a position such that its is always above the cold composite curve for
feasible heat transfer and this is acceptable for the figure 1 in order to have feasible heat transfer.

From figure 2, with ∆Tmin = 20oC, the pinch point temperature is 150oC with heat duty of 0 MW.
At above pinch temperature, the heat needed by the heating process is 5.2 MW. At below the
pinch temperature, the cooling needed by the cooling process is 8.5 MW. At figure 2, there is no
pocket of heat recovery, thus no heat sink or heat source is available in this process.
Question 3

Q CP CP
40oC 49 oC 50 oC 60 oC 110 oC 140 oC 150 oC 160 oC 161 oC Q (MW)
(MW) (MW/oC) (MW/oC)
3.6 0.03 H 0.03 0

5 5 5 0

1.5 0.05 0.05 0

0 5 s 5 5
d
e
1.8 0.02 s 0.02 0
Figure 3 : Heat Exchanger Network d
H

Before MER After MER


Stream Cold Cold
Hot(MW) Hot(MW)
(MW) (MW)
1 3.6 1.8
2 5 5
3 1.5 1.5
4 5 5
5 1.8 0
Total 6.8 10.1 5 8.3

Utility Saving
Cold utility = 26.47%
Hot utility = 17.82%

The hot utility saving after maximum energy recovery is 17.82%, from 10.1 MW to 8.3 MW. Cold utility after maximum energy
recovery is 26.47%, from 6.8 MW to 5 MW.