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Deflection Check (Beams: EC2) Page 1 of 2

Deflection Check (Beams: EC2)


The deflection of reinforced concrete beams is not directly calculated and the serviceability of the
beam is measured by comparing the calculated limiting span/effective depth ratio L/d to the
maximum allowable values as given by;1
IF ρ ≤ ρ0
(L/d)max = Kss*f1*f2*(11+1.5*(fck)1/2*(ρ0/ρ)+3.2*(fck)1/2*(( ρ0/ρ)­1)3/2)*(500*Ast,prov/(fyk*Ast,reqd))
IF ρ > ρ0
(L/d)max = Kss*f1*f2*(11+1.5*(fck)1/2*(ρ0/(ρ­ρ’))+(1/12)*(fck)1/2*( ρ’/ρ0)1/2)*(500*Ast,prov/(fyk*Ast,reqd))
where

ρ = the designed tension reinforcement ratio at mid­span (or at support for cantilevers)
required to resist bending

= Ast.reqd/(bw*d) for rectangular beams

= Ast,reqd/(beff*d) for flanged beams

ρ’ = the designed compression reinforcement ratio at mid­span (or at support for cantilevers)
required to resist bending

= As2,reqd/(bw*d) for rectangular beams

= As2,reqd/(beff*d) for flanged beams

Ast,reqd = the designed area of tension reinforcement at mid­span (or at support for cantilevers)
required to resist bending

Ast,prov = MIN(the area of tension reinforcement provided at mid­span (or at support for
cantilevers), f3*Ast,reqd)

As2,reqd = the designed area of compression reinforcement at mid­span (or at support for
cantilevers) required to resist bending

f1 = 1.0 for rectangular beams

= 1.0 for flanged beams with beff/bw ≤ 3.0

= 0.8 for flanged beams with beff/bw > 3.0

f2 = 1.0 IF Leff ≤ 7 m

= 7/Leff IF Leff > 7 m with Leff in metre units

Leff = the length of the beam between the centre of its supportsA

f3 = an NDP factor as given below

Kss = the structural system factor which is an NDP and is given below

A
This definition of effective length will return conservative results when the width of the support is greater than the depth of the beam – see BS
EN 1992­1­1:2004 Section 5.3.2.2(1)

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Deflection Check (Beams: EC2) Page 2 of 2

For design in accordance with EC2 Recommendations the NDP value of f3 is given by 2;
f3 = 1.5
For design in accordance with UK NA, Irish NA, Malaysian NA and Singapore NA the NDP value of
f3 is given by 3;
f3 = 1.5
For design in accordance with UK NA, EC2 Recommendations, Irish NA, Malaysian NA and Singapore
NA the NDP value of Kss is given by the following table:

Span Detail LH End Fixity RH End Fixity Kss

LH End Span Fixed Fixed 1.3

Fixed Pinned 1.0

Pinned Fixed 1.3

Pinned Pinned 1.0

Internal Span Fixed Fixed 1.5

Fixed Pinned 1.3

Pinned Fixed 1.3

Pinned Pinned 1.0

RH End Span Fixed Fixed 1.3

Fixed Pinned 1.3

Pinned Fixed 1.0

Pinned Pinned 1.0

Cantilever 0.4

Parent topic
• Beam Design to EC2

Chapter

1. BS EN 1992­1­1:2004 Section 7.4.2


2. BS EN 1992­1­1:2004 is silent on the recommended value to use therefore adopt 1.5 since if f3
is greater than 1.5 no benefit arises.
3. For Irish NA refer to Table NA.3 and for other others refer to Table NA.5

https://teklastructuraldesigner.support.tekla.com/webhelps/tsd/2017/All_Codes/Refere... 16/11/2017