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CLIENT : #REF!

YAMUNA NAGAR
INDIA EQPT. : #REF! PAGE:

Designed by: #REF! JOB NO. #REF! DR NO. #REF! REV.


Design Condition 2: Saddle Jacking Calcuation

Wsad
Lrib Lrib
l l

R R
Lo Lo
L

A5 d

A4 Y2
A2 A3 h
y3
g c
f NEUTRAL AXIS
y2 Y1

A1 b
a
y1

a 450 mm
b 30 mm 300
c 258 mm 150
d 12 mm
e 500 mm
f 12 mm
g 12 mm
h 12 mm
c d
y1 b 2 y2  b  y3  b  c 
15 mm 2 2
159 mm 294
A1  ab A2  f  c A3  g  c
13500 mm^2 3096 mm^2 3096
A4  h c A5  e  d
3096 mm^2 6000 mm^2
a  b3 f  c3 g  c3
I1  I2  I3 
12 12 12
1012500 mm^4 17173512 mm^4 17173512
hc 3
ed 3
I4  I5 
12 12
h  c3 ed3
I4  I5 
12 12
17173512 mm^4 72000 mm^4

Y1
A1 y1  A2  y 2  A3  y 2  A4  y 2  A5  y 3

A1  A2  A3  A4  A5
119.609 mm
Y2  b  c  d  Y 1
180.391 mm
I  I 1  A1  Y 1  y1  I 2  A2   Y 1  y 2   I 3  A3   Y 1  y 2   I 4  A4   Y 1  y 2   I 5  A5   Y 1  y 3
2 2 2 2

397221174 mm^4
CLIENT : #REF!
YAMUNA NAGAR
INDIA EQPT. : #REF! PAGE:

Designed by: #REF! JOB NO. #REF! DR NO. #REF! REV.


Checking Cross-section under bending
Transportation weight of equipment W 74492 kg (*** Refer Page No. 6 for details)
No of Jacking saddles Njack_sad 2
Weight per saddle Wsad  W N jack _ sad
37246 kg
Reaction at jacking points in each saddle R  Wsad 2
37246 kg
Stool width wstool 500 mm
Location of jacking reaction from end point l  Wstool 2
250 mm
Projection of jacking arrangement from rib Lo 1330 mm
Maximum bending moment at rib during jacking Mmax_jack  R   Lo  l   9.80665
394479164.8 N-mm
σbending_jack M max_
Induced bending stress  jack
 Y1
I
118.783 N/mm^2
Material Yield strength fy 230 N/mm^2
Maximum allowable bending stress (as per IS:800-1984, cl. No. 6.2.1)  0.66  fy OK IN BENDING
151.8 N/mm^2
Checking Ribs under compression
Yield stress of steel fy 248 N/mm^2
Modulus of elasticity of steel E 200000 N/mm^2
Factor n 1.4
Span/Length of member L 258 mm
Effective length of member (as per IS:800-1984, Table 5.2) l  0.65  L
167.7 mm
Cross sectional area under compression of each rib Arib  Lo  g
15960 mm^2
Second moment of area of rib about strong axis Irib_st g  Lo 3

12
2352637000 mm^4
Second moment of area of rib about weak axis Irib_wk Lo  g 3

12
191520 mm^4
Radius of gyration of the section r Irib _ wk

Arib
3.464101615 mm
Slenderness ratio of the member λ l

r
48.411
Elastic critical stress in compression fcc 2 E

2
842.257 N/mm^2

fcc  fy
Permissible compressive stress (as per IS:800-1984, cl. 5.1.1) σac1  0 .6
 fcc n
  fy  
n 1/ n

132.164 N/mm^2
Also permissible compressive stress σac2  0.6  fy
148.8 N/mm^2
Thus, permissible compressive stress σac  Min (ac1, ac 2)
132.164 N/mm^2
Number of ribs nribs 1
Load per rib Lrib  R nrib
37246 kg
Induced compressive stress Lrib  9.80665 OK IN COMPRESSION
σac ind 
Arib
22.886 N/mm^2
42

d
c
2
mm

mm^2

mm
A5   Y 1  y 3
2
43

6 for details)
CLIENT : #REF!
YAMUNA NAGAR
INDIA EQPT. : #REF! PAGE:

Designed by: #REF! JOB NO. #REF! DR NO. #REF! REV.


Design Condition 2: Saddle Jacking Calcuation

Wsad
Lrib Lrib
l l

R R
Lo Lo
L

A5 d

A4 Y2
A2 A3 h
y3
g c
f NEUTRAL AXIS
y2 Y1

A1 b
a
y1

a 450 mm
b 30 mm 300
c 258 mm 150
d 12 mm
e 500 mm
f 12 mm
g 12 mm
h 12 mm
c d
y1 b 2 y2  b  y3  b  c 
15 mm 2 2
159 mm 294
A1  ab A2  f  c A3  g  c
13500 mm^2 3096 mm^2 3096
A4  h c A5  e  d
3096 mm^2 6000 mm^2
a  b3 f  c3 g  c3
I1  I2  I3 
12 12 12
1012500 mm^4 17173512 mm^4 17173512
hc 3
ed 3
I4  I5 
12 12
h  c3 ed3
I4  I5 
12 12
17173512 mm^4 72000 mm^4

Y1
A1 y1  A2  y 2  A3  y 2  A4  y 2  A5  y 3

A1  A2  A3  A4  A5
119.609 mm
Y2  b  c  d  Y 1
180.391 mm
I  I 1  A1  Y 1  y1  I 2  A2   Y 1  y 2   I 3  A3   Y 1  y 2   I 4  A4   Y 1  y 2   I 5  A5   Y 1  y 3
2 2 2 2

397221174 mm^4
CLIENT : #REF!
YAMUNA NAGAR
INDIA EQPT. : #REF! PAGE:

Designed by: #REF! JOB NO. #REF! DR NO. #REF! REV.


Checking Cross-section under bending
Transportation weight of equipment W 74492 kg (*** Refer Page No. 6 for details)
No of Jacking saddles Njack_sad 2
Weight per saddle Wsad  W N jack _ sad
37246 kg
Reaction at jacking points in each saddle R  Wsad 2
37246 kg
Stool width wstool 500 mm
Location of jacking reaction from end point l  Wstool 2
250 mm
Projection of jacking arrangement from rib Lo 703 mm
Maximum bending moment at rib during jacking Mmax_jack  R   Lo  l   9.80665
165462094.1 N-mm
σbending_jack M max_
Induced bending stress  jack
 Y1
I
49.823 N/mm^2
Material Yield strength fy 230 N/mm^2
Maximum allowable bending stress (as per IS:800-1984, cl. No. 6.2.1)  0.66  fy OK IN BENDING
151.8 N/mm^2
Checking Ribs under compression
Yield stress of steel fy 248 N/mm^2
Modulus of elasticity of steel E 200000 N/mm^2
Factor n 1.4
Span/Length of member L 258 mm
Effective length of member (as per IS:800-1984, Table 5.2) l  0.65  L
167.7 mm
Cross sectional area under compression of each rib Arib  Lo  g
8436 mm^2
Second moment of area of rib about strong axis Irib_st g  Lo 3

12
347428927 mm^4
Second moment of area of rib about weak axis Irib_wk Lo  g 3

12
101232 mm^4
Radius of gyration of the section r Irib _ wk

Arib
3.464101615 mm
Slenderness ratio of the member λ l

r
48.411
Elastic critical stress in compression fcc 2E

2
842.257 N/mm^2

fcc  fy
Permissible compressive stress (as per IS:800-1984, cl. 5.1.1) σac1  0 .6
 fcc n
  fy  
n 1/ n

132.164 N/mm^2
Also permissible compressive stress σac2  0.6  fy
148.8 N/mm^2
Thus, permissible compressive stress σac  Min (ac1, ac 2)
132.164 N/mm^2
Number of ribs nribs 1
Load per rib Lrib  R nrib
37246 kg
Induced compressive stress Lrib  9.80665 OK IN COMPRESSION
σac ind 
Arib
43.298 N/mm^2
42

d
c
2
mm

mm^2

mm
A5   Y 1  y 3
2
43

6 for details)
CLIENT : #REF!
YAMUNA NAGAR
INDIA EQPT. : #REF! PAGE:

Designed by: #REF! JOB NO. #REF! DR NO. #REF! REV.


Design Condition 2: Saddle Jacking Calcuation

Wsad
Lrib Lrib
l l

R R
Lo Lo
L

A5 d

A4 Y2
A2 A3 h
y3
g c
f NEUTRAL AXIS
y2 Y1

A1 b
a
y1

a 450 mm
b 30 mm 525
c 483 mm 262.5
d 12 mm
e 500 mm
f 0 mm
g 350 mm
h 0 mm
c d
y1 b 2 y2  b  y3  b  c 
15 mm 2 2
271.5 mm 519
A1  ab A2  f  c A3  g  c
13500 mm^2 0 mm^2 169050
A4  h c A5  e  d
0 mm^2 6000 mm^2
a  b3 f  c3 g  c3
I1  I2  I3 
12 12 12
1012500 mm^4 0 mm^4 3286458788
hc 3
ed 3
I4  I5 
12 12
h  c3 ed3
I4  I5 
12 12
0 mm^4 72000 mm^4

Y1
A1 y1  A2  y 2  A3  y 2  A4  y 2  A5  y 3

A1  A2  A3  A4  A5
261.011 mm
Y2  b  c  d  Y 1
263.989 mm
I  I 1  A1  Y 1  y1  I 2  A2   Y 1  y 2   I 3  A3   Y 1  y 2   I 4  A4   Y 1  y 2   I 5  A5   Y 1  y 3
2 2 2 2

4.523E+09 mm^4
CLIENT : #REF!
YAMUNA NAGAR
INDIA EQPT. : #REF! PAGE:

Designed by: #REF! JOB NO. #REF! DR NO. #REF! REV.


Checking Cross-section under bending
Transportation weight of equipment W 74492 kg (*** Refer Page No. 6 for details)
No of Jacking saddles Njack_sad 2
Weight per saddle Wsad  W N jack _ sad
37246 kg
Reaction at jacking points in each saddle R  Wsad 2
37246 kg
Stool width wstool 500 mm
Location of jacking reaction from end point l  Wstool 2
250 mm
Projection of jacking arrangement from rib Lo 703 mm
Maximum bending moment at rib during jacking Mmax_jack  R   Lo  l   9.80665
730516971.8 N-mm
σbending_jack M max_
Induced bending stress  jack
 Y1
I
42.161 N/mm^2
Material Yield strength fy 230 N/mm^2
Maximum allowable bending stress (as per IS:800-1984, cl. No. 6.2.1)  0.66  fy OK IN BENDING
151.8 N/mm^2
Checking Ribs under compression
Yield stress of steel fy 248 N/mm^2
Modulus of elasticity of steel E 200000 N/mm^2
Factor n 1.4
Span/Length of member L 483 mm
Effective length of member (as per IS:800-1984, Table 5.2) l  0.65  L
313.95 mm
Cross sectional area under compression of each rib Arib  Lo  g
246050 mm^2
Second moment of area of rib about strong axis Irib_st g  Lo 3

12
10133343704 mm^4
Second moment of area of rib about weak axis Irib_wk Lo  g 3

12
2511760417 mm^4
Radius of gyration of the section r Irib _ wk

Arib
101.0362971 mm
Slenderness ratio of the member λ l

r
3.107
Elastic critical stress in compression fcc 2E

2
204438.935 N/mm^2

fcc  fy
Permissible compressive stress (as per IS:800-1984, cl. 5.1.1) σac1  0 .6
 fcc n
  fy  
n 1/ n

148.791 N/mm^2
Also permissible compressive stress σac2  0.6  fy
148.8 N/mm^2
Thus, permissible compressive stress σac  Min (ac1, ac 2)
148.791 N/mm^2
Number of ribs nribs 1
Load per rib Lrib  R nrib
37246 kg
Induced compressive stress Lrib  9.80665 OK IN COMPRESSION
σac ind 
Arib
1.484 N/mm^2
42

d
c
2
mm

mm^2

mm
A5   Y 1  y 3
2
43

6 for details)
CLIENT : #REF!
YAMUNA NAGAR
INDIA EQPT. : #REF! PAGE: 108

Designed by: #REF! JOB NO. #REF! DR NO. #REF! REV. 0


LIFTING LUG DESIGN CHECK x y
INPUTS g b
a = 65 mm
b = 50 mm P
c = 140 mm
d = 185 mm
k
e = 65 mm
f = 20 mm τ1
g = 140 mm
c G r1
B a
t = 25 mm θ
Maximum weight of 15670 kg h
saddle θ
τ2
r2
(SD1 is heavier of all) θ
Factor of safety FS = 1.4 A
No. of lugs per n = 4 d e
saddle x y
Lifting lug MOC IS2062 GrB
Material Yield fy = 230 N/mm^2
f
t
strength
Load per lifting lug
P W  FS

n f
= 5484.5 kg
Checking lifting lug under Bending
Bending resisting cross section is represented by section x-x
Second moment of area about neutral I = t  c 3

axis 12
= 5716667 mm^4
Moment arm l dg
= 45 mm
Maximum moment M  P  l  9.80665
= 2420306 N-mm
Distance of extreme fibre from y =c
neutral axis 2
= 70 mm
Induced Bending Stress σ = My
I
= 29.636 N/mm^2
Allowable Bending Stress σall = 0.66  fy
(as per IS:800-1984, cl. No. = 151.8 N/mm^2 OK IN BENDING
6.2.1)
Checking lifting lug under Shear
Shear resisting minimum cross section is represented by section y-y
Shear resisting area Ashear =  c  a   t
= 1875 mm^2
P  9.80665
Ashear
Induced shear stress τ = P  9.80665
Ashear
= 28.685 N/mm^2
CLIENT : #REF!
YAMUNA NAGAR
INDIA EQPT. : #REF! PAGE: 109

Designed by: #REF! JOB NO. #REF! DR NO. #REF! REV. 0


Allowable shear stress τall = 0.4  fy
(as per IS800-1984, Cl 6.4.1) 92 N/mm^2 OK IN SHEAR
Checking lifting lug under combined bending & shear
Stress ratio due to 
 0.195233
bending all

Stress ratio due to 


 0.311795
shear all

Combined stess  
  0.507028
ratio all all
DESIGN IS OK IN COMBINED LOADING

Checking fillet size

g2
Distance of centre of gravity h =  46.667 mm
(G) from the left hand edge 2 g  c
of the weld system
c  2 g 3 g 2  c  g  2 
Polar moment of inertia of J = 0.707  f    
 12 c  2 g 
the throat area of the weld
system about G, = ( 0.707 x s ) x [ ( 140 + 2 x 140 ) ^ 3 / 12 - 140 ^ 2 x ( 140 + 140 ) ^ 2 / ( 140 + 2 x 140 ) ]
= 1778341 x s mm^4
Distance of load from the k = d h
centre of gravity (G) = 138.333 mm
r1 = BG = g - h =140 - 46.667
= 93.333 mm
c
AB = = 70 mm
2
Maximum radius of r2 =  AB  2   BG  2
weld = 116.667 mm
r1
Cosθ =
r2
= 0.8
Throat area of weld A= 2  0.707  s  g  0.707  s  c  0.707  s   2  g  c 
system = 296.94 x s
Direct or primary τ1 = P
shear stress A
= 181.1294 / s N/mm^2
Shear Stress due τ2 = P  9 .80665  k  r 2
to turning moment J
or secondary shear = 488.1087 / s N/mm^2
stress

Resultant shear   1 2   2 2  2   1   2  cos 


  1 2   2 2  2   1   2  cos 
stress
= 642.2736 / s N/mm^2 _______(1)
Allowable shear τall = 0.4  fy
sress 92 N/mm^2 _______(2)

CLIENT : #REF!
YAMUNA NAGAR
INDIA EQPT. : #REF! PAGE: 110

Designed by: #REF! JOB NO. #REF! DR NO. #REF! REV. 0


From (1) and (2), s= 6.98 mm
Calculated fillet size of 6.98 < provided fillet size of 20, DESIGN IS OK
CLIENT : IOCL, PARADIP
YAMUNA NAGAR
INDIA EQPT. : DEISOBUTANIZER PAGE: 1

Designed by: PZG JOB NO. DV-099 DR NO. DR-DV099I REV. 0

Stool Design
(As per IS800:2007)
Corss -section detail of stool
Outside diameter of pipe do = 323.9 mm
Thickness of pipe t = 12.5 mm
Unsupported length of compression L = 2900 mm
member

Effective length of the member KL = 1885 mm


Modulus of elastivity of steel E = 200000 MPa
Yield stress of steel fy = 250 MPa
Buckling class (see Table 10) = b
Partial safety factor for material λm0 = 1.25
strength
Effective sectional area Ae = 
4
2

 do   do  2  t
2

= 12,228.649 mm2
Moment of inertia about the minor Iy = 
64
4

 do   do  2  t
4

axis
= 148,465,296.255 mm4
(see Table 11)
Iy
Radius of gyration r =
Ae
= 110.185 mm
Effective slenderness ratio or
ration of effective length, KL to
 KL r  = 17.108

appropriate radius of gyration, r


Euler buckling stress fcc =  2E
 KL
2

r 6,744.558 N/mm^2
=
Non-dimensional effective λ = f y f cc
slenderness ratio = 0.1925
Imperfection factor given in α = 0.34
Table 7
ф = 
0 .5 1      0 .2    2 
= 0.517
Stress reduction factor (see Table 8) χ = 1
for different buckling class,
slendress ratio and yield stress
   2
 2  0. 5

1.0026
Design compressive stress fcd = Min  f y /  m 0 , f y /  m 0 
= Min ( 200.529 , 200 )
= 200 MPa
Design compressive strength Pd = Ae  f cd
2,445,729.881 N
249,395.041 kg

CLIENT : IOCL, PARADIP


YAMUNA NAGAR
INDIA EQPT. : DEISOBUTANIZER PAGE: 2

Designed by: PZG JOB NO. DV-099 DR NO. DR-DV099I REV. 0

Uniform pressure from below on w = 20 t/m2


the slap under the factored load axial = 0.196133 MPa
compression
Load acting on stool P = 180 t
Area required for base plate Abase_r = P
w
= 9.0000 m2
= 9,000,000.0000 mm2
Assumed length of base plate A = 3000 mm
Assumed width of base plate B = 3000 mm

Larger projection of the slab beyond a =  A  do 


column 2
= 1338.05 mm

Small projection of the salb beyond b =


 B  do 
column 2
= 1338.05 mm

Minimum thickness of rectangular ts =  


2.5w a 2  0.3b 2  m0 fy
slab base, supporting columns
under axial compression
(as per clause 7.4.3.1 IS800:2007) = 55.431 mm
≈ 56.000 mm
Designation HB 350
Mass 67.4 kg/m
Sectiona Area, a 85.9 cm2
D 350 mm
B 250 mm
t 8.3 mm
T 11.6 mm
Flange Slope, α 94 deg
R1 12 mm
R2 6 mm
Ix 19200 cm4
Iy 2450 cm4
rx 14.9 cm
ry 5.34 cm
Zx 1090 cm3
Zy 196 cm3

h=D = 350 mm
bf = B = 250 mm
h/bf = 1.4
tf = T = 11.6 mm

Buckling class a for Buckling About z-z


Buckling class b for Buckling About y-y
Buckling Class a for Buckling About z-z, Buckling Class b for Buckling About y-y

rmin = Min ( rx , ry )
= 5.34 cm
= 53.4 mm
Modulus of elastivity of steel E = 200000 N/mm2
Unsupported length of compression L = 2900 mm
member
Effective length of the member KL = 1885 mm
Yield stress of steel fy = 250 N/mm2
Euler buckling stress fcc =  E 2

 KL
r
2

= 1584.1253580041 N/mm2
Non-dimensional effective λ = f y f cc
slenderness ratio
= 0.3972603595
Imperfection factor given in α = 0.34
Table 7
ф = 
0 .5 1      0 .2    2 
= 0.612
Partial safety factor for material γm0 = 1.25
strength
fy  m 0
fcd1 =

   2  2  0.5

185.4317349106 N/mm2
fcd2 = fy  m 0
200 N/mm2
Design compressive stress fcd = Min ( f cd 1 , f cd 2 )
= 185.4317349106 N/mm2
Effective sectional area Ae = a = 85.9 cm2
= 8590 mm2
Design compressive strength Pd = Ae  f cd
= 1,592,858.603 N
= 162,426.374 kg
Bearing strength of surface w = 20 t/m2
= 0.19613 N/mm2
Load acting on stool P = 180 t Load acting on each stool
Required area of base plate Abase_r = P
w
= 9.000 m2
= 9,000,000.000 mm2

3000

Greater projection of the plate, beyond column A = 115 mm


Lesser projection of the plate, beyond column B = 115 mm
Pressure of loading on the underside of the base w = 4 N/mm2
Permissible bending stress in the base plate σbs = 185 N/mm2

Thickness of the base plate tmin = 3w  2 B 2 


A  
 bs  4 
3w  2 B 2 
A  
 bs  4 

25.365 mm
Designation 12
Area 11100 mm2
h 500 mm
bf 180 mm
Iz 45200 cm4
Iy 1370 cm4
rz 202 mm
ry 35.2 mm
Zz 1810 cm3
Zy 152 cm3
tf 17.2 mm
tw 10.2 mm
h/bf = 2.778
tf = 17.2 mm

Buckling class a for Buckling About z-z


Buckling class b for Buckling About y-y
Buckling Class a for Buckling About z-z, Buckling Class b for Buckling About y-y

rmin = Min ( rz , ry )
= 35.2 mm

Modulus of elastivity of steel E = 200000 N/mm2


Unsupported length of compression L = 1200 mm
member
Effective length of the member KL = 1200 mm
250 N/mm
2
Yield stress of steel fy =
Euler buckling stress fcc =  2E
 KL
r
2

= 1698.449 N/mm2
Non-dimensional effective λ = f y f cc
slenderness ratio
= 0.384
Imperfection factor given in α = 0.34
Table 7
ф = 
0.5 1      0.2    2 
= 0.605
Partial safety factor for material γm0 = 1.25
strength fy  m 0
fcd1 = 
   2  2  0 .5
165.339 N/mm2
fcd2 = fy  m 0
fy  m 0
200 N/mm2
Design compressive stress fcd = Min ( f cd 1 , f cd 2 )
= 165.3389056053 N/mm2
Effective sectional area Ae = Area = 11100 mm2
Design compressive strength = Ae  f cd
= 1,835,261.852 N
= 187,144.627 kg
= 187.145 t

Load acting on stool P = 80 t


assuming M25 concrete fck = 25 N/mm2
Bearing strength of concrete 0.45fck = 11.25 N/mm2

Required area of base plate = 69,736.178 mm2

L = 600.000 mm
D = 600.000 mm
Provided base plate area = 360,000 mm2
a = 210 mm
b = 50 mm
Base plate thickness tw = 
2.5w a  0.3b 2  m0 fy
2

= 78.077 mm
partial safety factor (see Table 5) γmw = 1.25
smaller of the ultimate stess of the weld fu = 410 N/mm2
or of the parent metal
fwn = fu / 3
= 236.714 N/mm2
Design strength of a fillet weld fwd = fwn mw
(as per clause 10.5.7.1.1 IS 800:2007) = 189.371 N/mm2
Assumed fillet size s = 6 mm
Capacity of weld Sweld = 0.7  s  fwd
= 795.358 N/mm
Required length of fillet weld lreq = P * 1000 * 9.80665
Sweld
= 986.389 mm
Actual length of fillet weld lact = 1630.8 mm
Weld Size is OK

Actual base plate area Abase_act = 360000 m2


Actual bearing pressure on concrete w_act = P * 1000 * 9.80665
Abase _ act
= 2.179 N/mm2
Force on each gusset plate will be
 Lb D
equal to the upward reactive pressure Fg = 2  w _ act   
 2  2
on the shaded area of the base plate
= 274,586.20 N
Cantilever load on the gusset plate will Fgc = Fg
be half of the above value 2
= 137,293.10 N
Moment in gusset plate, bending as a
 1  L  b 
cantilever of length (L-b)/2 Mgc = Fgc   
 2  2 
= 14415775.5 N-mm
Allowable bending stress Sbending = 0.66  fy
165 N/mm2
Section modulus required Zreq =
Mgc
S bending

= 87368.33636364 mm3
Height of gusset at critical section hgusset = 1200 mm
Required gusset thickness tgusset = 6  Zreq
2
h gusset
6  Zreq
2
h gusset
= 0.3640 mm
Provided gusset thickness tgusset_act = 12 mm
Provided Gusset Plate Thickness is OK

Base Plate thickness with gussets


Bending Moment on Plane 1-1
a = 50 mm
Maximum B.M. on 1 mm width M1-1 = w a 2

of cantilever 2
= 2724.069 N-mm
Allowable bending stress Sbending = 165 N/mm2
Required Section modulus Zreq = 16.510 mm3
tbase_req = 9.953 mm3

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