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DAHEJ Flange design for double conical gasket

INDIA Based upon ppaer by Mr. Finn Kirkemo PAGE:

Designed by: DZA REV.


BOLT TORQUE REQUIRED FOR GIRTH FLANGES WITH DOUBLE CONICAL GASKET
Ref: Published Paper -Design of compact flange joints by Finn kirkemo

Sealing system Design for Flange to Flange connection with Double conical Gasket
1) Design Basis:
Hub/Pipe outside diameter Do = 273.1 mm
Thickness of Hub eP = 26 mm
Design pressure pi = 25.8 MPa

External equivalent Load Fext = 1510000 N or=π/4*Do^2*Pi(ref. Eq.33)


Flange modulus of elasticity EF = 200000 MPa
Ring modulus of elasticity ER = 200000 MPa
Seal ring seating fricition coeff. μR = 0.1 -
Bolt/nut fricition coeff. μb = 0.12 -
Yield strength of Flange Rp,F = 360 MPa
Yield strength of bolt Rp,B = 720 MPa
Yield strength of seal ring Rp,R = 450 MPa
Safety Factor operating Sp = 1.5 Code Factor of Safety on yield
Safety Factor bolting up So = 1.05
Groove flank angle φ = 15 °
Minimum Target prestress fb,min = 480 MPa 480 Mpa
Number of bolts nB = 16
Bolt size bsize = 1.125 inch 1-1/8" inch (TEMA)
Nominal bolt diameter dBO = 28.575 mm 1-1/8*25.4
Root dia of bolt dB = 24.45 mm 24.45 based upon TEMA
23.93 refer equation...55
No of Threads per inch UN = 8
Pitch of threads P = 3.571875 mm
Bolt Hole diameter L = 32 mm
Minimum wrench clearence Rmin = 35.6 mm Based on standard bolt size
Distance b/w BCD to flange OD Emin = 26.6 mm (Refer table in paper)

Flange allowable design stress ff = 240 MPa Yield /F.O.S


Pipe/Hub allowable stress fp = 240 MPa Yield/F.O.S
Bolt design stress fBo = 685.71429 MPa Yield/F.O.S
Bolt preload scatter Є = 0.05 means 5% inaccuracy in bolt load application
2) Seal Ring & Groove calculation:
Flange/ Pipe Bore B= 221.1 mm D 0  2 * eP ------Eq.1
Ring inside diameter D ri  273.1 mm D ri  D o
------Eq.2
Height of the ring H R 33.1 mm 2 * D0 ------Eq.3
Axial distance between sealing H RS  22.067 mm HRS  2 * H R
3
------Eq.4
Since cos (φ)=0.92 and hence neglect the effect of flank angle i.e. Cos (15°)
Radial force on gasket ring FR,r  386086.02916 N *Dri *1* RPR ------Eq.5
Hoop stress in ring for force FR,r 450 MPa Rp,R ------Eq.6
Minimum ring width bRS  8.25 mm bRS  Dri / H r ------Eq.7
bR  b RS  H R * tan(   2 )
3
Total width of ring bR  10.8 mm b RS  H R * tan(  ------
2) Eq.8
3
Ring cross section area A R  315.3 mm^2 H R * (bR  bRS )
2 ------ Eq.15

 1 .5 * R P , R 
Radial interference I= 0.70 mm 0.5 *  Dri  2 * bR  * ----------Eq.9
 0 .2
 E R 

Stand off SO= 2.61 mm I/tan(φ) ------Eq.10


Depth of groove Q= 17.081 mm 0.51*HR+0.2 ------Eq.11
Width of groove N= 12.71 mm bRS  MAX (1.5, I  0.5)  H )
------Eq.12
* tan(
R 3

Outside diameter of groove DGO  295.51 mm Dri  2 * (bRS  H R / 3 * tan( ))------Eq.13


Fluid seal diameter Ds= 289.6 mm DGO  2 / 3 * H R * tan(  ) ------Eq.14
CLIENT : Flange design for double conical gasket
DAHEJ Based upon ppaer by Mr. Finn Kirkemo
INDIA EQPT. : PAGE:

Designed by: DZA REV.

3) Bolts and Flange Outline calculation:

Friction angle Ɵ= 5.711 ° atan(μR)


Make up seating force FR 0,a  168530.75507 N FRo,a   *RP , R * AR * tan(  -------Eq.16
)

Ring retaining load FR ,a  115265.3 N TAN( )(RPR * AR 


HRS * ------------Eq.17
DS * Pi
)
2
Hydrostatic end force FQ  1.70E+06 N 
4
* D S ^ 2 * pi -------Eq.19

Minimum required bolt area AB ,min  7272.7 mm^2 ( FQ  F R , a  Feq ) * S o -------Eq.18


/ fb

Area of bolt availiable, AB ,act  7512.2 mm^2 


4
* d B ^ 2 * nB

Minor half ellipse clearence Y e 10.4 mm max( 3, e


P
2 .5
) -------Eq.22

Major half ellipse xe  36.4 mm 3.5 * Ye -------Eq.23


Bolt circle diameter K= 365.1 mm Do  2 * (Ye  Rmin ) -------Eq.21
Flange Outside diameter O= 418.3 mm K+2*Emin -------Eq.25
Hub length lH  59.4 mm max(( xe  10  eP / 2 ),25)-------Eq.26

4) Flange Thickness and Taper calculation:

Pipe hydrostatic end force FD= 9.906E+05 N  / 4 * B 2 * pi -------Eq.28


Flange hydrostatic end force F T= 7.088E+05 N  / 4 * ( Ds2  B 2 ) * pi -------Eq.29
moment arm-1 hD= 59 mm (K  B  ep ) / 2 -------Eq.30
moment arm-2 h T= 54.88 mm (2 K  B  DS ) / 4 -------Eq.31
moment arm-3 hR= 37.75 mm ( K  Ds ) / 2 -------Eq.32
Hydrostatic force memonet MD= 147611059.19 N-mm ( F D  F eq ) * h D
Hydrostatic momenet for pressurMT= 3.890E+07 N-mm F T * h T

Seal ring retaing load moment MR= 4.351E+06 N-mm FRa * hR 1.46E+07

Operational flange moment MF = 1.909E+08 N-mm ( FD  Feq ) * hD  FT * hT  FRa * hR-------Eq.27

Equivalent axial tension Feq= 1511308.0221 N  / 4 * Do 2


* pi -------Eq.33
Minimum bolt force -one bolt FB1min  214635 N f B ,min * ( / 4 * d B2 ) / S o

Limit load on flange WF  1.909E+08 N-mm WF  M F


(Flange moment capacity)
CLIENT :
Flange design for double conical gasket
Based upon ppaer by Mr. Finn Kirkemo

Designed by: DZA REV.

Minimum applied bolting up M 0 min  2.03E+08 N-mm  B * FB1min * hD -------Eq.41

Correction Factors Calculation:


Parameter-1 dF  319.7 mm (O+B)/2 -------Eq.49
Parameter-2 dP  247.1 mm B  ep -------Eq.48
 L * nB 
Parameter-3 Le  21.3798 mm L 
  *K 
 -------Eq.47
O  B
Parameter-4 bFe  77.2202 mm    Le -------Eq.46
 2 

pi * d p
Q 
Pressure loading parameter 0.5108 - 2 * f p * ep -------Eq.35

external loading parameter  R  0.3117 -


FR
 * f p * d p * eP -------Eq.36

bF  OB
Flange ring radial width ex hole 66.6 mm L -------Eq.39
2
 4  Q  
2
  3 *  Q2 
  R   * 1     R2 
Reduction Factor -bending capacity cM  0.8458434953 -   
 3  2    
 4 -----------Eq.37



Reduction Factor -shearing capacity cS  0.7231185579 c M *  0.8  0.6 *  Q  0.-----------Eq.38


4 * R 
"Negative root of CM means hub/pipe is overloaded so increase the thickness of hub"
"Equation-34 is a quadretic equation we have to solve now to obtain the flange thickness ef"

Equation 34 is = WF  M F 

4

* 2 * b f * e 2f * * f f  2.2 * c s * e f * e p * d p * e p * f p  cM * d p * e 2p * f p 
we will rearrange the equation now to make it in three parts: ax 2  bx  c  0
"x=ef"
WF * 4
Part 243014687.84 

Part 2="a" 31968


2 * bF * f f

Part 3="b" 795682.53306


2.2*c *e *
s p dp *ep * f p 
Part 3="c" -209105241.66 cM *dp *e2p *f p 

Factor to solve the quadretic eq. D 2.7371816E+13 b2  4 * a * c


b D 
 
Root-1 69.3838460672  2*a 
 
 b  D 
Root-2 -94.273815194  
 2*a 
 

Flange Ring Thickness eF= 69.4 mm

CLIENT : Flange design for double conical gasket


Based upon ppaer by Mr. Finn Kirkemo
PAGE:

Designed by: DZA REV.

 0 .4 * d p * ep
Parameter-5 0.4619804181 - -----------Eq.45
e f

  (e p *d f )
Parameter-6 0.4356245198 - (bFe * d p )
-----------Eq.44

CF  0.91 * (1   *  )
coorection Factor 0.4130525381 - --------------Eq.43
(1  ( *  )( 4  6 *   6 *  2 )  3 *  2 *  4 )

elastic stiffness of integrated KF= 40937377302 N-mm ( E F *  *bFe * e 3f --------------Eq.42


flange ring
3* d f *c f

Flange rotation due to 0  0.28 ° M 0 min --------------Eq.41


minimum preload
KF
OB
Initial Gap at Flange Toe g0 = 0.43 0.9 * TAN 0 *
2 --------------Eq.50

5) Assembly calculations for single bolt:

Effective bolt(clamp) length lB  161.66 2 * e f  0.8 * d BO Refer Eq...53

0.9 * d B 0
Bolt transfer loss for tension tool B  0.1590838797 --------------Eq.53
2 * eF 0.8 * d Bo
15.9% %
F B10 min
Nominal bolt assembly force FB10nom  225932 N FB10nom  --------------Eq.51
1 

maximum bolt assembly force FB10 max 2.732E+05 N FB10nom * (1    ) --------------Eq.52

Tightening Torque and Bolt utilization ratio for ASTM A 193 & ASTM A 194
(Equation for relation between bolt torque and axial force i,e,Eq...54 is developed only for these heavy nuts series)


Root diameter of bolt A B 1  449.81 mm^2 * ( d B  1. 3 P ) 2 --------------Eq.55
4
(0.16 * p  1.23 *  B * d BO ) * ( f BOnom * AB1 )
Bolt tightening torque, nominal M Bt ,nom  1034024 N-mm --------------Eq.54

Maximum bolt torque M Bt ,max  1086 N-m M Bt ,max * (1   ) --------------Eq.57


(this value is 0 for Hydraulic tensioner)

Utilization Ratio, Tension UR= 0.89 - 1 F 


2
 12  --------------Eq.56
2

*  B 0 max   3 *  M Bt ,max * 3 
 1
f Bo  AB1    *d Bo 
This ratio should be less than 1

Utilization Ratio, Torque 0.95


1

quation...55

ard bolt size


in paper)

application
2

0
3

e 2p * f p 
4

----Eq.43

----Eq.42

----Eq.41

----Eq.50

----Eq.53

----Eq.51

----Eq.52

----Eq.55

----Eq.54

----Eq.57

----Eq.56