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WPI WATER TREATMENT PLANT

DESIGN CRITERIA
Base
Criteria Minimum Average

Plant Flow (mgd) 5 15

Raw Water Pump Station

Design flow (mgd) 5 15


No. of pumps
Capacity, ea. (mgd)
WPI River TDH (ft.)
Pump Horsepower (hp)
Motor Type

Pretreatment

Coagulation
No. of trains 2 min.
No. of mixers
Stages per train 2
Detention time/stage (sec.)
Dimensions per stage (w x l x d) (ft.)
Volume per stage (cf)
Energy gradient (sec-1) variable 100-1,000 100-1,000 100-1,000
Installed hp/mixer
Motor type

Flocculation (Only for DAF)


No. of trains 2 min.
Stages per train 2
Detention time/stage (min.)
Dimensions per stage (w x l x d) (ft.) D = 15 ft.
Volume per stage (cf)
Energy gradient (sec-1) 20-100 20-100 20-100
Installed hp/mixer
Motor type

Dissolved Air Flotation (DAF) Clarifier


No. of trains 2 min.
Hydraulic loading (gpm/ft2)
Total clarifier area required (ft.2)
Dimensions per train (w x l x d) (ft.)
No. of compressors
hp (ea.)
scfm (ea.)
No. of saturators
Recycle % 5-10
No. of recycle pumps
size (gpm)
hp (ea.)
motor type

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WPI WATER TREATMENT PLANT
DESIGN CRITERIA
Base
Criteria Minimum Average

Mechanical Skimmer
Sludge concentration range (%) 1-2
Total sludge volume (gal.)
Hydraulic Extraction
Sludge concentration range (%) 0.1-0.5
Total sludge volume (gal.)

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WPI WATER TREATMENT PLANT
DESIGN CRITERIA
Base
Criteria Minimum Average

Superpulsator Clarifier
No. of trains 2 min.
Hydraulic loading (gpm/ft2)
Total clarifier area required (ft.2)
Dimensions per train (w x l x d) (ft.) D = 16 ft.
No. of sludge concentrators per train 4
Concentrator dimensions (w x l x d) w=6 ft.; d=9 ft.
No. of vacuum blowers per train
Suction capacity (inches of water) 36
Sludge Concentrate Range (%) 0.1-0.5
Total Sludge Volume (gal.)

Filtration

Filters
No. of filters 3 min.
Area per filter (ft2)
Dimensions per filter (w x l x d) (ft.)
Gullet dimensions (w x l x d) (ft) W = 6 ft.
Plenum depth (ft.) 3
Submergence depth (ft.) 8
Underdrain Type Nozzle

Single Media
Type GAC
Effective size (mm) 1.4
Uniformity coefficient <1.5
Depth (ft.) 6
Filter rate-all units (gpm/ft2)
Filter rate-1 out of service (gpm/ft2)
Empty bed contact time (min.)

Backwash
Type
Max. air/backwash (scfm/ft2) 4
No. of blowers
Capacity of blowers (scfm)
hp each blower
Max. water wash (gpm/ft2) 24
Max. water wash (gpm)
Max. water wash (min.) 15
Max. water wash volume (gal.)
Low water wash (gpm/ft2) 8
Low water wash (gpm)
Low water wash (min.) 5
Low water wash volume (gal.)
No. of pumps
Pump capacity (gpm) @ TDH (ft.)

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WPI WATER TREATMENT PLANT
DESIGN CRITERIA
Base
Criteria Minimum Average

Pump hp
Motor type

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WPI WATER TREATMENT PLANT
DESIGN CRITERIA
Base
Criteria Minimum Average

Backwash Water Equalization/Reclamation


Backwash volume/backwash (gals.)
Filter run time (hr.) 48 24
No. of backwash equalization tanks
Tank dimensions (w x l x d) (ft.)
Volume backwash tank (gals.)
No. of sludge transfer pumps (5% of volume)
Pump capacity (gpm) @ TDH (ft.)
Pump hp
Motor type
No. of recycle pumps (95% of volume)
Recycle as % of plant flow (<10%)
Pump capacity (gpm) @ TDH (ft.)
Pump hp
Motor type

Dual Media
Type Sand
Effective size (mm) 0.45-0.55
Uniformity coefficient <1.3
Depth (in.) 12
Type Anthracite
Effective size (mm) 0.9-1.2
Uniformity coefficient <1.3
Depth (in.) 18
Filter rate-all units (gpm/ft2)
Filter rate-1 out of service (gpm/ft2)

Backwash
Type
Max. air/backwash (scfm/ft2) 4
No. of blowers
Capacity of blowers (scfm)
hp each blower
Max. water wash (gpm/ft2) 21
Max. water wash (gpm)
Max. water wash (min.) 15
Max. water wash volume (gal.)
Low water wash (gpm/ft2) 10
Low water wash (gpm)
Low water wash (min.) 5
Low water wash volume (gal.)
No. of pumps
Pump capacity (gpm) @ TDH (ft.)
Pump hp
Motor type

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WPI WATER TREATMENT PLANT
DESIGN CRITERIA
Base
Criteria Minimum Average

Backwash Water Equalization/Reclamation


Backwash volume/backwash (gals.)
Filter run time (hr.) 48 24
No. of backwashes per day
No. of backwash equalization tanks
Tank dimensions (w x l x d) (ft.)
Volume backwash tank (gals.)
No. of sludge transfer pumps (5% of volume)
Pump capacity (gpm) @ TDH (ft.)
Pump hp
Motor type
No. of recycle pumps (95% of volume)
Recycle as % of plant flow (<10%)
Pump capacity (gpm) @ TDH (ft.)
Pump hp
Motor type

Filter-to-Waste
Filter run time (hr..) 48 24
Surface loading rate (gpm/ft2)
Flow (gpm)
Max. ripening time (min.) 20 20 20
Max. volume per backwash
Filter-to-Waste volume (mgd.)
No. of filter-to-waste tanks
Tank dimensions (w x l x d) (ft.)
Volume/Tank (gals.)
No. of recycle pumps
Pump capacity (gpm) @ TDH (ft.)
Pump hp
Motor type

Disinfection
Chlorine Contact Tank
No. of tanks 2 min.
Volume per tanks (gal.)
Dimensions per tank (w x l x d) d=20 ft.
T10 efficiency % (with 3-pass baffling) 75
Disinfection CT (mg-min./l) 50
Disinfectant concentration (C) (mg/l) 1.0
Contact time (T) (min.) 50

Disinfection/Storage

Clearwell/Contact Tank
No. of tanks 2 min.
Volume per tanks (gal.)
Dimensions per tank (w x l x d) d=20 ft.

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WPI WATER TREATMENT PLANT
DESIGN CRITERIA
Base
Criteria Minimum Average

CT volume (gal.) (75% of volume)


Operating volume (gal.) (25% of volume)
T10 efficiency % (with 3-pass baffling) 75
Disinfection CT (mg-min./l) 50
Disinfectant concentration (C) (mg/l) 1.0
Contact time (T) (min.) 50

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WPI WATER TREATMENT PLANT
DESIGN CRITERIA
Base
Criteria Minimum Average

Residuals Management (With Direct Sewer Discharge)

Residuals Production
Coagulant type Alum
Coagulant dose (mg/l) 25
Al(OH)3 Solids (mg/l) (Dose/3.8) 6.6
Average turbidity (NTU) 20
Ratio total suspended solids/turbidity 1.5
Total suspended solids (mg/l) 30
Total A1(OH)3 + TSS (mg/l) 37
Total pounds per day 1543 4628

Residual Storage Tanks


No. of tanks
Tank dimensions (w x l x d) (ft.)
Detention time (days)
Volume (gallons)
No. of mixers per tank
Mixer pump horsepower (hp)

Residuals Discharge Pumps


Total number of pumps
No. of operating pumps
No. of standby pumps
Pump capacity (gpm) @ TDH (ft.)
Required horsepower per pump (hp)

Questions: Call: Larry VandeVenter (781) 224-6386

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Maximum

15

20

30

100-1,000

5-7.5 Risk

20-100

4-8 Risk

Risk

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Maximum

2-3.5 Risk

6-8 Risk

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Maximum

12

4-6 Risk

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Maximum

12

12

20

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Maximum

6172

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