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NORMA ABNT NBR

BRASILEIRA 5419-3
Primeira edição
22.05.2015

Válida a partir de
22.06.2015

Proteção contra descargas atmosféricas


Parte 3: Danos físicos a estruturas e perigos à vida
Lightning protection —
Part 3: Physical
Physiccal damage
dam
mage to structures and life hazard

ICS 91.120.40 ISBN 978-85-07-05503-7

Número de referência
ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015
51 páginas

© ABNT 2015
ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

© ABNT 2015
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escrito da ABNT.

ABNT
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ii © ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

Sumário Página

Prefácio ..............................................................................................................................................vii
Introdução ...........................................................................................................................................ix
1 Escopo ................................................................................................................................1
2 Referências normativas .....................................................................................................1
 7HUPRVHGH¿QLo}HV ...........................................................................................................2
4 Sistema de proteção contra descargas atmosféricas – SPDA ......................................6
4.1 Classe do SPDA..................................................................................................................6
4.2 Projeto do SPDA.................................................................................................................7
4.3 Continuidade da armadura de aço em estruturas de concreto armado .......................8
5 Sistema externo de proteção co contra
cont ntra
nt ra d descargas
esca
es carg
ca rgas
rg a atmosféricas .... ......................................8
5.1 Geral ....................................................................................................................................8
..................................... ................................
.. . ..............................
5.1.1 Aplicação o de um S SPDA
PDA
PD A exexterno
xte ern ........................................................................................8
r o .... ...
....
. .................................................
5.1.2 Escolha de um SP SPDA DA externo
A ext xte
xt erno o ............................................................................................8
.............................. . ...................
. .........
5.1.3 Uso de componentes
ompo one
nent n es
nt naturais
s nat attur
u ais ..... ..........................................................................................9
.......................................................
5.2 Subsistema ma ad de captação
e ca
c ptaç
pt ção .. ...................................................................................................9
......................... ....
. ..........................................
5.2.1 Geral ....................................................................................................................................9
.............................................................................................................
5.2.2 Posicionamento amen
am entto................................................................................................................10
en ............................................................................................
5.2.3 Captores para
s par ara
ar a dedescargas
escargas late laterais
erais d deee estruturas
struturras a altas
ltas ..................................................
s ........... ........ 11
5.2.4 Construção ção o ..........................................................................................................................12
.................................................................................................
5.2.5 Componentes ente tes s nanaturais
atura ....................................................................................................12
r is ..... ........................................................................
5.3 Subsistema ma d de descida
e de esc
scida..... ....................................................................................................14
................................
.........................................
5.3.1 Geral ..................................................................................................................................14
.....
. ........................................................ .........................................
5.3.2 Posicionamento ammen ento to p para
ara um S SPDAPDA A isisolado
solado ........................................................................14
o ....
. .......................................
..
5.3.3 Posicionamento amen ento
en op para
ara um S
ar SPDAPDA An não ão isisolado
so ado ..
sola .................................................................14
...................................
5.3.4 Construção .......................................................................................................................15
ção ........ . ............................................................................................
5.3.5 Componentes entes natu naturais
tura
tu ais .. ....................................................................................................16
.....
. .......... ...........................................................
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V GH HQVDLR...... .........................................................................................................17
. ......
.........
......
.. ....
... ...................................................
5.4 Subsistema ma de aterramento ............................................................................................17
o .... ...
. .........................................................
5.4.1 Geral ..................................................................................................................................17
 &RQGLo}HVJHUDLVQRVDUUDQMRVGHDWHUUDPHQWR ............................................................17
5.4.3 Instalação dos eletrodos de aterramento ......................................................................18
5.4.4 Eletrodos de aterramento naturais .................................................................................19
5.5 Componentes ...................................................................................................................19
5.5.1 Geral ..................................................................................................................................19
5.5.2 Fixação ..............................................................................................................................20
 &RQH[}HV ..........................................................................................................................20
 0DWHULDLVHGLPHQV}HV .....................................................................................................20
5.6.1 Materiais ............................................................................................................................20
 'LPHQV}HV ........................................................................................................................21
6 Sistema interno de proteção contra descargas atmosféricas .....................................22
6.1 Geral ..................................................................................................................................22

© ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados iii


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

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6.2.1 Geral ..................................................................................................................................23
 (TXLSRWHQFLDOL]DomRSDUDLQVWDODo}HVPHWiOLFDV ..........................................................23
6.2.3 Equipotencialização para elementos condutores externos .........................................25
6.2.4 Equipotencialização para sistemas internos.................................................................25
6.2.5 Equipotencialização para as linhas conectadas à estrutura a ser protegida.............26
6.3 Isolação elétrica do SPDA externo .................................................................................26
6.3.1 Geral ..................................................................................................................................26
 $SOLFDomRVLPSOL¿FDGD.....................................................................................................27
7 Manutenção, inspeção e documentação de um SPDA .................................................28
7.1 Geral ..................................................................................................................................28
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............
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......
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7.4 Manutenção ......................................................................................................................29
o .............. . ..........
..............................................................................
7.5 Documentação ação .................................................................................................................29
................................................................. . ..............................
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de passo e de e totoque
oqu ue.. .........................................................................................................30
......................................................................................
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.............................................................30
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. ..........................
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............................................................30
...............................
Anexo A (normativo) P Posicionamento
osiciion nam men ento to d doo susubsistema
subsiste ema
m de captação
e ca apta ação o ...... ..............
..............................................31
A.1 men
Posicionamento nto o do o subsiste
subsistema ema ad dee capt ptaç
pt
captação ção o ut tilizand n o-se o m
utilizando-se éto
método do ângulo
de proteção .......................................................................................................................31
o ..... .............. . ...............................................................................
A.1.1 Geral ..................................................................................................................................31
.....................................................................................................
A.1.2 Volume de pr proteção
rote teçãção provido
çã o poporor ma mastro
astro .. .......................................................................31
..............................................
A.1.3 Volume de pro ote
proteção eçã
ção o provido o poporor co onduto
condutor or s usp penso
suspenso o .... ......................
..................................................32
A.2 mento
Posicionamento od do o susubsiste
subsistema ema ad dee capt tação
captação ã ut tilizan
utilizando ndo o o mé mét
métodotododo da esfera
.................................... ....
. ....................................................................
rolante ...............................................................................................................................33
A.3 mento do su
Posicionamento subs bsis
bs
subsistema iste
is tema
te m d dee cacapt p ação
pt
captação o ut tilizand
utilizando do o mé método das malhas ........34
Seção mínima
Anexo B LQIRUPDWLYR Seção ad daa blblininda
in dage
da
blindagem gem
ge m do c abo
ab
cabo o de e ntrada de mo
nt
entrada modo a evitar
centelhamento ....
..................
.. ....
......................................
..
perigoso ..................................................................................................35
ento perigoso..................
Anexo C LQIRUPDWLYR Divisão da corrente da descarga atmosférica entre os condutores
de descida ................................................................................................................................... 37
Anexo D (normativo) Informação adicional para SPDA no caso de estruturas com risco
de explosão.......................................................................................................................41
D.1 Geral ..................................................................................................................................41
' &RQGLo}HVDGLFLRQDLVHGH¿QLo}HV.................................................................................41
D.3 Requisitos básicos...........................................................................................................42
D.3.1 Geral ..................................................................................................................................42
' ,QIRUPDo}HVH[LJLGDV.......................................................................................................42
D.3.3 Ligação à terra ..................................................................................................................42
D.3.4 Ligação equipotencial (ou equipotencialização)...........................................................42
D.4 Estruturas contendo material explosivo sólido ............................................................43
D.5 Estruturas contendo zonas de risco ..............................................................................43

iv © ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

D.5.1 Geral ..................................................................................................................................43


D.5.1.1 Proteção contra surtos ....................................................................................................43
D.5.1.2 Ligação equipotencial (equipotencialização) ................................................................43
D.5.2 Estruturas contendo zonas 2 e zona 22 .........................................................................44
D.5.3 Estruturas contendo zonas 1 e zona 21 .........................................................................44
D.5.4 Estruturas contendo zonas 0 e zona 20 .........................................................................44
' $SOLFDo}HVHVSHFt¿FDV ....................................................................................................44
D.5.5.1 Postos de abastecimento de combustível .....................................................................44
D.5.5.2 Tanques de armazenamento ...........................................................................................45
' /LQKDVGHWXEXODo}HV.......................................................................................................46
Anexo E (vago) ...................................................................................................................................47
Anexo F (normativo)) Ensaio de continui continuidade uida
ida
dade de e lé
létr
étr
triica
elétrica ica dadas s ar
a maduras..........
armaduras..........................................48
F.1 Introdução ão.................... ..............
.. . ...............
.....
. ...............................................
.........................................................................................................................48
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.....................................................................48
F.2.1 Objetivo ............ ............................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................48
F.2.2 Pontos de e me edi
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ção
çã o .. .................................................. ................................
..........................................................................................................48
F.2.3 Procedimentomen nto p ara me
para edição ...
medição .................................................................
...........................................................................................49
F.2.3.1 Edifício em m co con nstrruç
construção ção..... ..........................................................................
..
....................................................................................................49
F.2.3.2 Edifício já á co
cons nstrruíd
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construído do........ .......................................................................
.......................................................................................................49
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...............................................................................50
F.4 Aparelhagem geem de me edição..................................................................................................50
medição .......................................................................
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.......................................................... . .............................................

Figuras
Figura 1 – Ângulo de p ro
ote
teçã
proteção ção corre
çã esp pon
correspondente nde ente à cla asse
classe e de S SPDAPDDA ...... .........
............................................. 11
Figura 2 – Laço em um c ond
ndut
nd
condutor utor de de
ut esc cida ......
descida . ............................................
.....
..
.................................................................................15
mento m
Figura 3 – Comprimento ín
nim
mínimo imo o l1 do o eletrodo
eleetrododo
od o de e aterramento
aterrramen nto de acordo
ac cor
o do com a classe
............................................................................................................................18
do SPDA ..................... ..........
. ....
.. . ............................
...................................
..
Figura A.1 – Volumee de proteção pr provido
prov vid
ido o po
porr um m mastro
astr
as tro
tr .............................................................31
o...............................
Figura A.2 – Volumee de proteção provid provido do po porr um m mastro
astr
as tro
tr o para duas alturas diferentes............32
Figura A.3 – Volume de proteção provido por elemento condutor suspenso .............................32
Figura A.4 – Projeto do subsistema de captação conforme o método da esfera rolante ..........33
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e um subsistema de aterramento em anel .....................................................................37
)LJXUD&±9DORUHVGHFRH¿FLHQWHkc no caso de um sistema de captores em malha
e sistema de aterramento em anel..................................................................................38
Figura C.3 – Exemplos de cálculos de distâncias de separação no caso de um sistema
de captores em malha, um anel de interconexão a cada nível e um sistema
de aterramento em anel ...................................................................................................40
Figura F.1 – Método de medição ......................................................................................................49

© ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados v


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

Tabelas
Tabela 1 – Relação entre níveis de proteção para descargas atmosféricas e classe de SPDA
(ver ABNT NBR 5419-1) ......................................................................................................7
Tabela 2 – Valores máximos dos raios da esfera rolante, tamanho da malha e ângulo
de proteção correspondentes a classe do SPDA .........................................................10
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de captação.......................................................................................................................13
Tabela 4 – Valores típicos de distância entre os condutores de descida e entre os anéis
condutores de acordo com a classe de SPDA ..............................................................15
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desc
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id ....
... ...........................
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...................................................................21
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.................................................................................................................24
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..............................................24
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cabo er co
ser ons sidera
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ra o seg gundo
segundo o a con ndição d
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vi © ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

Prefácio

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Scope
This part of the ABNT NBR 5419 provides the requirements for protection of a structure against physical
damage by means of a lightning protection system (LPS), and for protection against injury to living
beings due to touch and step voltages in the vicinity of an LPS (see ABNT NBR 5419-3).

This standard is applicable to:

ࣰD  design, installation, inspection and maintenance of an LPS for structures without limitation of their
height,

© ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados vii


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

ࣰE  establishment of measures for protection against injury to living beings due to touch and step
voltages.

NOTE 1 This part of the ABNT NBR 5419 is not intended to provide protection against failures of
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IEC 61400-24 [2].

viii © ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

Introdução

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© ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados ix


NORMA BRASILEIRA ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

Proteção contra descargas atmosféricas —


Parte 3: Danos físicos a estruturas e perigos à vida

1 Escopo
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$%171%5Proteção contra descargas atmosféricas – Parte 2: Gerenciamento de risco

$%17 1%5  Proteção contra descargas atmosféricas – Parte 4: Sistemas elétricos
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$%17 1%5 ,(&  Atmosferas explosivas – Parte 14: Projeto, seleção e montagem de
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© ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados 1


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

3 7HUPRVHGH¿QLo}HV
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na terra

2 © ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

3.10
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© ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados 3


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

3.19
partes condutivas externas
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3.20
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3.22
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3.23
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4 © ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

3.24
barramento de equipotencialização principal
BEP
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3.25
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3.26
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3.28
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3.29
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3.30
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3.31
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3.32
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3.33
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© ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados 5


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

3.34
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3.35
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3.36
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3.37
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3.38
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4 Sistema de proteção contra descargas atmosféricas – SPDA

4.1 Classe do SPDA

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6 © ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

Tabela 1 – Relação entre níveis de proteção para descargas atmosféricas e


classe de SPDA (ver ABNT NBR 5419-1)
Nível de proteção Classe de SPDA
I I
II II
III III
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4.2 Projeto do SPDA

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© ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados 7


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

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mento dessas atividades.

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5.1 Geral

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5.1.2 Escolha de um SPDA externo

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 © ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

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captação
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© ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados 9


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

5.2.2 Posicionamento

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Tabela 2 – Valores
es máximos
máximo
má os dos raios
os da
raio a esfera
esf era rolante,
s er ante, tamanho
rola tam
manhho da malha
m e ângulo
proteção
de pro eção correspondentes
ote co
orre
esponnden t s a classe
nte e do
cllasse o SPDAA
ņ Método
Méttodo
d de
e prot
proteção
teçã
ão
Máx
ximo
m afastamento
Máximo affastam
men
nto d os
dos
Raio
od
Raio a esfera rol
da lantte - R
rolante Ân
Ângulo de proteção
Classe do SPDA co
ondduto
ores da m
condutores alha
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m Į°
m
I 2
20 5u5
II 30 10 u 10
10 0
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III 45 15 u 15
15
,9 60 20 u 20

10 © ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

Į ° 80

70

60

50
Classe do
SPDA
40

30
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10

0
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classe
ass
se de SPDA

5.2.3 Captores para


a descargas
ra scargas laterais
desc
desc eraiis de
late e estruturas
estrutturras altas
altas

5.2.3.1 Estruturas até


é 60
té 60 m de altura
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© ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados 11


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

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5.2.4 Construção

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naturais
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esttru
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co captores
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12 © ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

Tabela 3 – (VSHVVXUDPtQLPDGHFKDSDVPHWiOLFDVRXWXEXODo}HVPHWiOLFDV
em sistemas de captação

Espessura a Espessura E
Classe do SPDA Material t t´
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QRYROXPHGHSURWHomR

7XEXODo}HVFRQWHQGRPLVWXUDVH[SORVLYDVRXSURQWDPHQWHFRPEXVWtYHLVQmRSRGHPVHUFRQVLGHUDGDV
FRPR XP FRPSRQHQWH FDSWRU QDWXUDO VH D JD[HWD GR DFRSODPHQWR GRV ÀDQJHV QmR IRU PHWiOLFD
RXVHRVODGRVGRVÀDQJHVQmRIRUHPGHRXWUDPDQHLUDDSURSULDGDPHQWHHTXLSRWHQFLDOL]DGRV

127$ PPGHDVIDOWRPPGH39&RXFDPDGDGHSLQWXUDSDUDSURWHomRFRQWUDFRUURVmRRXFRP
IXQomRGHDFDEDPHQWRQmRVmRFRQVLGHUDGRVFRPRLVRODQWHSDUDFRUUHQWHVLPSXOVLYDV

© ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados 13


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

5.3 Subsistema de descida


5.3.1 Geral

&RP R SURSyVLWR GH UHGX]LU D SUREDELOLGDGH GH GDQRV GHYLGR j FRUUHQWH GD GHVFDUJD DWPRVIpULFD
ÀXLQGRSHOR63'$RVFRQGXWRUHVGHGHVFLGDGHYHPVHUDUUDQMDGRVD¿PGHSURYHUHP

௘D  GLYHUVRVFDPLQKRVSDUDOHORVSDUDDFRUUHQWHHOpWULFD

௘E  RPHQRUFRPSULPHQWRSRVVtYHOGRFDPLQKRGDFRUUHQWHHOpWULFD

௘F  D HTXLSRWHQFLDOL]DomR FRP DV SDUWHV FRQGXWRUDV GH XPD HVWUXWXUD GHYH VHU IHLWD GH DFRUGR
com os requisitos de 6.2.

3DUDPHOKRUGLVWULEXLomRGDVFRUUHQWHVGDVGHVFDUJDVDWPRVIpULFDVGHYHPVHUFRQVLGHUDGDVLQWHUOLJD-
o}HVKRUL]RQWDLVFRPRVFRQGXWRUHVGHGHVFLGDDRQtYHOGRVRORHHPLQWHUYDORVHQWUHPDP
RVFRQGXWRUHVGHGHVFFLG
LGD
D DR
D R Qt
QtYH
YHOO GR VRORHHPLQWHUYDOR
YH
GHDOWXUDGHDFRUGRFRPD7DEHODSDUDFRQGXWRUHVGHGHVFLGDFRQVWUXtGRVHP63'$FRQYHQFLRQDO
PD7DEHODSD
DUD FRQ
RQGGXWRUHVGHGHV HVFLGDFRQVWUXtGRVHP
HV

127$ 1RWDU TXH D JHRPHWULD GRV


GRV
GR V FRQGXWRUHV
FRQG
FR GXW
XWR
RUHV GH
GH GHVFLGD
G VF
GH VFLGD
D H GRV
GRV DQpLV
DQpLV FR
FFRQGXWRUHV
QGXWRUHV LQWHUPHGLiULRV DIHWD
omR YHU
U
U 
  

DVGLVWkQFLDVGHVHSDUDomR YHU 

127$ 4XDQWR PDLRU QXPHUR


U IRU R QX
QXPH
PHUUR G
PH GH FRQGXWRUHV
H FRQ
QGXWRRUHV G GH GHVFLGD
H GHVFLG LQVWDODGRV
GD LQVVWDOODGRVV D XP
X HVSDoDPHQWR UHJXODU
XP
HP YROWD GR SHUtPHWUR LQWH
LQWHUFRQHFWDGR
HUFFRQQHFWDDGR SHORV
R SHO FRQGXWRUHV
ORV DQpLV FRQ QGXXWRUHV PDPDLRU
DLRU VHUi
VHUi D UHGXomR
UHGGXo GD SUREDELOLGDGH
FDDV H
GH GHVFDUJDV DWPRVIpULFDV H FHQWHOKDPHQWRV
FHQW
QWHOKKDPHQ QWRVV SHULJRVRV
SHUULJRVRRV IDFLOLWDQGR
IDFFLOLWDQ
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DQ GR D D S URWHomR
R GDV
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(VWWD
DF
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QHHFWD
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WD R pHOH
HWU
WULF
LFDP
LF DPH
DP HQWHH FRQWtQ
QDVTXDLVRDoRLQWHUFRQHFWDGRpHOHWULFDPHQWHFRQWtQXR QXR

9DORUHVWtSLFRVGHGLVWkQFLDHQWUHRVFRQGXWRUHVGHGHVFLGDHHQWUHRVDQpLVFRQGXWRUHVKRUL]RQWDLV
kQFFLD
LDHQ
QWUH
HRVFRQ
QGXWR
RUHVV GH
H GH
HVFLG
GDHHQ
QWUHRV DQpLVFR
VmRGDGRVQD7DEHOD

,QIRUPDo}HVDGLFLRQDLVQDGLYLVmRGDFRUUHQWHGDGHVFDUJDDWPRVIpULFDHQWUHRVFRQGXWRUHVGHGHVFLGD
V QDGLYLVm
mRG
GDFRUUUHQWWHGDGHVFD
DUJD
DDWP
PRVIpULFD
DHQWWUHRVFR
VmRREWLGDVQR$QH[R&
&

5.3.2 to p
Posicionamento arra u
para umm SPDA
A isolado
o

2SRVLFLRQDPHQWRGDVGHVFLGDVGHYHREHGHFHUDRVHJXLQWH
GHVFLLGD
GDV
V GH
GHYH
Y REH
HGH
HFHUD
DR VHJXLQWWH

௘D  VH RV FDSWRUHV FRQVLVWLUHP


P HP
RQVLVWLUHP P KDVWHV
HP KDVW
KD VWHV HP
VW HP PDVWURV
PDDVWURV VHSDUDGRV
VHSSDUDGR RV RX
GR R
RX XXP
P PDVWUR 
PD QmR PHWiOLFRV
QHP LQWHUFRQHFWDGRV
GRV jV DUPDGXUDV
DUPDG
DG
GXU DV p
X DV p QHFHVViULR
F VViULR SDUD FDGD
QHFH
QH FDGD PDVWUR
DVWUR SHOR PHQRV XP FRQGXWRU
PDV
GHGHVFLGD1mRKiQHFHVVLGDGHGHFRQGXWRUGHGHVFLGDSDUDPDVWURVPHWiOLFRVRXLQWHUFRQHFWDGRV
iQHFHVVLGDGHGHFR
FRQG
FR QGXW
QG XWRU
XW RU GH
HGH
GHVF
GH VFLG
VF LGD
LG DSD
DSDUD
SD UD PDVWURVPHWiOLFR
jVDUPDGXUDV

௘E  VH RV FDSWRUHV FRQVLVWHP HP FRQGXWRUHV VXVSHQVRV HP FDWHQiULD RX XP ¿R  SHOR PHQRV
XPFRQGXWRUGHGHVFLGDpQHFHVViULRHPFDGDVXSRUWHGDHVWUXWXUD

௘F  VHRVFDSWRUHVIRUPDPXPDUHGHGHFRQGXWRUHVpQHFHVViULRSHORPHQRVXPFRQGXWRUGHGHVFLGD
HPFDGDVXSRUWHGHWHUPLQDomRGRVFRQGXWRUHV

5.3.3 Posicionamento para um SPDA não isolado

3DUDFDGD63'$QmRLVRODGRRQ~PHURGHFRQGXWRUHVGHGHVFLGDQmRSRGHVHULQIHULRUDGRLVPHVPR
VHRYDORUGRFiOFXORGRSHUtPHWURGLYLGLGRSHORHVSDoDPHQWRSDUDRQtYHOFRUUHVSRQGHQWHUHVXOWDU
HP YDORU LQIHULRU 1R SRVLFLRQDPHQWR XWLOL]DU R HVSDoDPHQWR PDLV XQLIRUPH SRVVtYHO HQWUH
RV FRQGXWRUHV GH GHVFLGD DR UHGRU GR SHUtPHWUR 9DORUHV GDV GLVWkQFLDV HQWUH RV FRQGXWRUHV
GHGHVFLGDVmRGDGRVQD7DEHOD
127$ 2YDORUGDGLVWkQFLDHQWUHRVFRQGXWRUHVGHGHVFLGDVHVWiUHODFLRQDGRFRPDGLVWkQFLDGHVHJXUDQoDGDGD
em 6.3.

14 © ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

Tabela 4 – Valores típicos de distância entre os condutores de descida e


entre os anéis condutores de acordo com a classe de SPDA
Distâncias
Classe do SPDA
m
I 10
II 10
III 15
,9 20
127$ eDFHLWiYHOTXHRHVSDoDPHQWRGRVFRQGXWRUHVGHGHVFLGDV
WHQKDQRPi[LPRDOpPGRVYDORUHVDFLPD

8PFRQGXWRUGHGHVFLGDGHYHVHULQVWDODGRSUHIHUHQFLDOPHQWHHPFDGDFDQWRVDOLHQWHGDHVWUXWXUD
FLGDGHYHVHULQ
LQVW
LQ VWDO
VW D DG
DO DGR
R SUH
UHIH
IHUHQFLD
IH DOP
OPHQ
H WHHPFDGDFDQWR
DOpPGRVGHPDLVFRQGXWRUHVLPSRVWRVSHODGLVWkQFLDGHVHJXUDQoDFDOFXODGD
QGXWRUHVLPS
PSRV
PSRVWR
RV WRVVSH
WR SHODDGLVVWk
kQF
QFLD
LDGH
LD HVHJX
J UDQo
QooD FDOFXODGD

5.3.4 Construção

2VFRQGXWRUHVGHGHVFLGDGHYHPVHULQVWDODGRVGHIRUPDH[HTXtYHOHTXHIRUPHPXPDFRQWLQXDomR
HVFLLGD GHYHP VHU LQVWDODG
GRVGHH IR
RUP
PD H[H
HTX
XtYHOHTXH IRU
RP
GLUHWDGRVFRQGXWRUHVGRVXEVLVWHPDGHFDSWDomR
HVGR
GR VXE
X VLLVWH
HPDG
GH FDSWD
DomR

&RQGXWRUHV GH GHVFLGD GD GHYHP


FLG GHYH
GH HP VHU LQVWDODGRV
GRVV HP
LQVVWDOODG HPP OLQKDD UHWD
OLOLQKD HWD H
UH H YHUWLFDO
YHUUWLFDOO FRQVWLWXLQGR
FRRQVWLW R FDPLQKR PDLV
FXUWR H GLUHWR SDUD D
D WHUUD$
WH
HUU
UUDD $ IRUPDomR
IRUPDommR GH
GH ODoRV
ODooRV GHYH
GHYH VHU
VHUU HYLWDGD
D PDV
HYYLWDGD PD DV RQGH
RQGH LVWR QmR IRU SRVVtYHO
RDIDVWDPHQWRs entre re ooss dois pontos
pontos do
do condutor
co
ondu
dutotor e o comprimento
to commprim mento old do o ccondutor
ondu entre estes pontos
YHU)LJXUD GHYHPVHUFRQIRUPH
P VHU H FRQ QIRUUPH

l1

s l2

l3

I = l1 + l2 + l3

IEC 2096/05

Figura 2 – Laço em um condutor de descida

1mRpUHFRPHQGiYHOTXHFRQGXWRUHVGHGHVFLGDVHMDPLQVWDODGRVHPFDOKDVRXWXEXODo}HVGHiJXDV
SOXYLDLVPHVPRTXHHOHVVHMDPFREHUWRVSRUPDWHULDLVLVRODQWHVSRUpPVHHVWDIRUD~QLFDDOWHUQD-
WLYDGLVSRQtYHORSURMHWLVWDGHYHID]HUXPDDQiOLVHFULWHULRVDOHYDQGRHPFRQVLGHUDomRTXHVHWUDWD
GHXPORFDO~PLGRSRGHQGRDSUHVHQWDUULVFRVGHIRUPDomRGHSDUHOHWUROtWLFRSRVVLELOLGDGHGHHQWXSL-
PHQWRGHYLGRjSRVVtYHOSUHVHQoDGHIROKDVRXRXWURVWLSRVGHHOHPHQWRV3DUDRVFDVRVDFLPDFLWDGRV
R SURMHWLVWD GHYH GHL[DU GRFXPHQWDGRV DV GL¿FXOGDGHV H RV ULVFRV H[LVWHQWHV EHP FRPR DV Do}HV
que devem ser tomadas para minimizar esses riscos.

127$ $ SUHVHQoD GH XPLGDGH QRV GXWRV GH iJXD SOXYLDO DXPHQWDP D SRVVLELOLGDGH GH FRUURVmR QRV
condutores de descida.

© ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados 15


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

2VFRQGXWRUHVGHGHVFLGDGHYHPVHUSRVLFLRQDGRVGHIRUPDTXHDGLVWkQFLDGHVHJXUDQoDGHDFRUGR
FRPVHMDREVHUYDGDHQWUHHOHVHTXDLVTXHUSRUWDVHMDQHODV

2VFRQGXWRUHVGHGHVFLGDGHXP63'$QmRLVRODGRGDHVWUXWXUDDVHUSURWHJLGDSRGHPVHULQVWDODGRV
como a seguir:

௘D  VHDSDUHGHpIHLWDGHPDWHULDOQmRFRPEXVWtYHORVFRQGXWRUHVGHGHVFLGDSRGHPVHUSRVLFLRQDGRV
QDVXSHUItFLHRXGHQWURGDSDUHGH

௘E  VHDSDUHGHIRUIHLWDGHPDWHULDOFRPEXVWtYHORVFRQGXWRUHVGHGHVFLGDSRGHPVHUSRVLFLRQDGRV
QDVXSHUItFLHGDSDUHGHGHVGHTXHDHOHYDomRGHWHPSHUDWXUDGHYLGRjSDVVDJHPGDFRUUHQWH
GDGHVFDUJDDWPRVIpULFDQHVWHQmRVHMDSHULJRVDSDUDRPDWHULDOGDSDUHGH

௘F  VH D SDUHGH IRU IHLWD GH PDWHULDO SURQWDPHQWH FRPEXVWtYHO H D HOHYDomR GD WHPSHUDWXUD
GRVFRQGXWRUHVGHGHVFLGDIRUSHULJRVDRVFRQGXWRUHVGHGHVFLGDGHYHPVHULQVWDODGRVGHIRUPD
GHVFLGDIRUSHULJRVDRVFRQQGXWRRUH
U VGHGHVFLGDGHYHPVHU
D ¿FDUHP GLVWDQWHV
HV GD SDUHGH SHOR
OR PHQRV
SHOR H RV  P 2V
PHQ 2 VXSRUWHV
2V VXSRUWHV GH PRQ
PRQWDJHP SRGHP HVWDU
em contato com a parede.

4XDQGRDGLVWkQFLDHQWUHRFRQGXWRUGHGHVFLGDHXPPDWHULDOSURQWDPHQWHFRPEXVWtYHOQmRSXGHUVHU
WUHRFRQQGX
GXWR
WR
RU
UGH
G GHVFFLGD HXPP PDWH HULDO SURQWDP
PHQ QWH
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RPLQD DOGR FRQGXGXWR
GX RUG
GHDoR
RJDOOYDQL
Q ]DGR QmRSR RGHH VHHULQIHUL
U 2. Pode
VHUXWLOL]DGRRXWURFRQGXWRUFRPVHomRQRPLQDOTXHSURSRUFLRQHHTXLYDOrQFLDWpUPLFD
GXWRUU FRP
RPVHoHomR
Ho RQR
RPLQDO TXH SURSR RUFLR
RQHHHT
TXLYYDOr
rQFLD
D WpU

5.3.5 Componentes na
naturais
atu
ura
rais

As seguintes partes da
a estrutura
est
stru
st ra podem
rutura
ru podem ser
serr consideradas
consside
dera
de adas como
o condutores
mo dutorres naturais
cond natu de descida:

௘D  DVLQVWDODo}HVPHWiOLFDVGHVGHTXH
WiOLFFDVG
GHVGHTXH

— DFRQWLQXLGDGHHOpWULFDHQWUHDVYiULDVSDUWHVVHMDIHLWDGHIRUPDGXUiYHOGHDFRUGRFRP
pWULFFDHQ
H WU
WUHD
DVYiULD
DVSD
SDUWH
HVVHMD
DIH
HLWWDG
GHIRUP
PDGXUi
iYH
HOGHD

— VXDVGLPHQV}HVVHMDPQRPtQLPRLJXDLVDRHVSHFL¿FDGRQD7DEHODSDUDFRQGXWRUHVGHGHVFLGD
HMDP
HM P QRPtQLPRLJXDLLVDRHVSHFL¿ L FD
F GRRQD7DDEH
HODSDUDFR
QRUPDOL]DGRV7XEXODo}HVFRQWHQGRPLVWXUDVLQÀDPiYHLVRXH[SORVLYDVQmRSRGHPVHUFRQVLGH-
EXODO o}
o}HV
HVFRQWHQGR
HV RPLVWWXUD
DVLQÀDPiY iYHLVVRX H[S
SORVLYYDVVQmR
UDGDVFRPRXPFRPSRQHQWHQDWXUDOGHGHVFLGDVHDVJD[HWDVQRVDFRSODPHQWRVGRVÀDQJHVQmR
RPS SRQ
QHQ
HQWH
W QDWXUDOGHGHVFFLGDVH
WH HDVV JD[[HWDVQRVDFFRSOODPH
IRUHPPHWiOLFDVRXVHRVODGRVGRVÀDQJHVQmRIRUHPDSURSULDGDPHQWHFRQHFWDGRV
XVHRVRVODG
RV DGRV
DG R GRV ÀDQQJHVQmRIRIRUH
IR HP DSSURSULLDGD
DPHHQWWH FRRQ
127$ ,QVWDODo}HVPHWiOLFDVSRGHPVHUUHYHVWLGDVFRPPDWHULDOLVRODQWH
HWiOLFDV SR
S GH
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UH
HYHVWLG
GDV FRP
PPD
DWHUULDOLVR
RODQ
QWH

௘E  DVDUPDGXUDVGDVHVWUXWXUDVGHFRQFUHWRDUPDGRHOHWULFDPHQWHFRQWtQXDV
HVWUXWXUDVGH
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127$ &RPFRQFUHWRDUPDGRSUpIDEULFDGRpLPSRUWDQWHVHHVWDEHOHFHUSRQWRVGHLQWHUFRQH[mRHQWUHRV
RDUPDGRSUpIDEULFDGGRp
pLP
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HQWUHRVSRQWRVGHLQWHUFRQH[mR$VSDUWHVLQGLYLGXDLVSRGHPVHUFRQHFWDGDVQRFDPSRGXUDQWHDPRQWDJHP

127$ 1RFDVRGHFRQFUHWRSURWHQGLGRUHFRPHQGDVHTXHVHMDPIHLWRVHVWXGRVHVSHFt¿FRVHPUHODomR
DRVULVFRVGHGDQRVPHFkQLFRVHFRUURVmRGHFRUUHQWHVGDGHVFDUJDDWPRVIpULFD&RQVXOWDVDRIDEULFDQWH
FRPUHVSRVWDVGRFXPHQWDGDVVmRLQGLVSHQViYHLVSDUDYDOLGDomRGHVVDXWLOL]DomR

௘F  RYLJDPHQWRGHDoRLQWHUFRQHFWDGRGDHVWUXWXUD
127$ $QpLVFRQGXWRUHVLQWHUPHGLiULRVQmRVmRQHFHVViULRVVHRYLJDPHQWRPHWiOLFRGDVHVWUXWXUDVGH
DoRRXDVDUPDGXUDVGHDoRLQWHUFRQHFWDGDVGDHVWUXWXUDIRUHPXWLOL]DGRVFRPRFRQGXWRUHVGHGHVFLGD

௘G  HOHPHQWRVGDIDFKDGDSHU¿VHVXEFRQVWUXo}HVPHWiOLFDVGDVIDFKDGDVGHVGHTXH

— VXDV GLPHQV}HV HVWHMDP FRQIRUPH DRV UHTXLVLWRV SDUD FRQGXWRUHV GH GHVFLGDV YHU  
HTXHSDUDIROKDVPHWiOLFDVRXWXEXODo}HVPHWiOLFDVDVHVSHVVXUDVQmRVHMDPLQIHULRUHVDt´
YHU7DEHOD 

16 © ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

— VXDFRQWLQXLGDGHHOpWULFDQDGLUHomRYHUWLFDOUHVSHLWHRVUHTXLVLWRVGH

5.3.6 &RQH[}HVGHHQVDLR

1DVMXQo}HVHQWUHFDERVGHGHVFLGDHHOHWURGRVGHDWHUUDPHQWRXPDFRQH[mRGHHQVDLRGHYHVHU
¿[DGDHPFDGDFRQGXWRUGHGHVFLGDH[FHWRQRFDVRGHFRQGXWRUHVGHGHVFLGDVQDWXUDLVFRPELQDGRV
FRPRVHOHWURGRVGHDWHUUDPHQWRQDWXUDO SHODIXQGDomR 

1RSULPHLURFDVRFRPRREMHWLYRGHHQVDLRRHOHPHQWRGHFRQH[mRGHYHVHUFDSD]GHVHUDEHUWR
DSHQDVFRPRDX[tOLRGHIHUUDPHQWD(PXVRQRUPDOHOHGHYHSHUPDQHFHUIHFKDGRHQmRSRGHPDQWHU
FRQWDWRFRPRVROR

5.4 Subsistema de aterramento

5.4.1 Geral

4XDQGRVHWUDWDUGDGLVSHUVmRGDFRUUHQWHGDGHVFDUJDDWPRVIpULFD FRPSRUWDPHQWRHPDOWDIUHTXrQFLD 
GLVSHUVmRGD GD FRU
RUUH
UHQWH
UH H GD
GDGHV
HVFD
HV FDUJ JDDWPRVVIpULFFD
D F
FRPSRUWDPH
SDUDDWHUUDRPpWRGRPDLVLPSRUWDQWHGHPLQLPL]DUTXDOTXHUVREUHWHQVmRSRWHQFLDOPHQWHSHULJRVD
GRPDLV VLP
V LPSR
LP S UW
SR UWDQ
QWH GHPLQLPLPL]D
PL ]DU
]DU TXXDOTXXHU VRE EUHHWH
WHQV
Q mRSR
p HVWXGDU H DSULPRUDU
UDU D JHRPHWULD
JHRP
JH RP PHWULLD H DV
DV GLPHQV}HV
GLPH
HQV} }HV GR
R VXEVLVWHPD
GR VXEV
EVLVWWHP
EV PD GH
GH DWHUUDPHQWR
D HUUD
DW 'HYHVH REWHU
D PHQRU UHVLVWrQFLD
D GH
GH DWHUUDPHQWR
DWH
WHUU
UUDP
UU PHQ
HQWRWR SRVVtYHO
WR HO FRPSDWtYHO
SRVVVtYH FR
RPSDWtYH HO FRP
FRP
FRP RR DUUDQMRR GR
DUUUDQMR GR HOHWURGR D WRSRORJLD
HDUHVLVWLYLGDGHGRVRORQRORFDO
VROR
RQR
QR ORFFDO

6RERSRQWRGHYLVWDGDSURWHomRFRQWUDGHVFDUJDVDWPRVIpULFDVXPD~QLFDLQIUDHVWUXWXUDGHDWHU-
D GDD SURWWHo
Hom
mRFRQQWUD
DG
GHVFFDUUJD
J V DWP
PRVVIppULFFDVXPD~ ~QLF
L D
UDPHQWR LQWHJUDGD p SUHIHUtYHO
SUHI
HIH YHO H
HUtY H DGHTXDGD
DGH
GHTTXDGDD SDUD
SDUUD WRGRV
SD WRGRVV RV
RVV SURSyVLWRV
SUURSyVVLWRV RX
X VHMD
RX VHMD R HOHWURGR GHYH VHU
FRPXP H DWHQGHU j SURWHomR
SURW
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FRQWWUD GHVFDUJDV
GHVF
VFDUJD V DWPRVIpULFDV
JDV
JD DWPRVVIpUULFDVV VLVWHPDV
DW VLVVWHPDDV GH HQHUJLD
H HOpWULFD H VLQDO
WHOHFRPXQLFDo}HV79DFDERGDGRVHWF 
79D DFDEERGDGRVHWFF 

6LVWHPDVGHDWHUUDPHQWRGHYHPVHUFRQHFWDGRVGHDFRUGRFRPRVUHTXLVLWRVGH
PH
HQW
QWRRGHYH
HP VHUFR
RQH
HFWWDG
GRVGHDFFRUGR
RFRP
PRVVUHT
TXLVVLWRVG

127$ 5HFRPHQGDVHHYLWDUDXWLOL]DomRGHPDWHULDLVGLIHUHQWHVHPXPPHVPRVXEVLVWHPDGHDWHUUDPHQWR
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VHHY
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SRVVVtY
YHO
HO FR
FRQYpPDG GRWD
DUPHGLGDVSSDUD
UDHYYLWDUU DFRUUURVm
mR

5.4.2 &RQGLo}HVJHUDLVQRVDUUDQMRVGHDWHUUDPHQWR
JHUDLV QR
QRV
V DU
DUUD
U QMR
RV GH DWWHUUD
DPH
HQWWR

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re ≥ l1 (1)

onde l1pUHSUHVHQWDGRQD)LJXUDGHDFRUGRFRPR63'$FODVVH,,,,,,H,9

© ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados 17


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

100

90

80 Classe I

70

60
l1 m

50
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40

30

20

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0 500 00
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ȡ ȍm IEC 2097/05

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Figura 3 – Comprimento mínimo


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lr = l1±re (2)

lv = (l1±re  

5.4.3 Instalação dos eletrodos de aterramento

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SRVLFLRQDGRjGLVWkQFLDDSUR[LPDGDGHPDRUHGRUGDVSDUHGHVH[WHUQDV

(OHWURGRVGHDWHUUDPHQWRGHYHPVHULQVWDODGRVGHWDOPDQHLUDDSHUPLWLUVXDLQVSHomRGXUDQWHDFRQVWUXomR

$ SURIXQGLGDGH GH HQWHUUDPHQWR H R WLSR GH HOHWURGRV GH DWHUUDPHQWR GHYHP VHU FRQVWLWXtGRV
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HVWDELOL]DUDTXDOLGDGHHDHIHWLYLGDGHGRFRQMXQWR

 © ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

1RFDVRGDLPSRVVLELOLGDGHWpFQLFDGDFRQVWUXomRGRDQHOH[WHUQRjHGL¿FDomRHVWHSRGHVHULQVWD-
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WHQV}HVVXSHU¿FLDLV YHU6HomR 

5.4.4 Eletrodos de aterramento naturais

$V DUPDGXUDV GH DoR LQWHUFRQHFWDGDV QDV IXQGDo}HV GH FRQFUHWR RX RXWUDV HVWUXWXUDV PHWiOLFDV
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HOpWULFD VHMD JDUDQWLGD 2V PpWRGRV SDUD JDUDQWLU HVVD FRQWLQXLGDGH VmR LGrQWLFRV DRV XWLOL]DGRV SDUD
RV FRQGXWRUHV GH GHVFLGD 4XDQGR DV DUPDGXUDV GR FRQFUHWR GDV YLJDV GH IXQGDomR EDOGUDPH 
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1RFDVRGHFRQFUHWRSURWHQGLGRRVFDERVGHDoRQmRSRGHPVHUXVDGRVFRPRFRQGXWRUHVGDVFRUUHQWHV
SURWHQGLGRRVFDERVGHDooRQm
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Qm SRGHPVHUXVDGRVFRPRFR
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5.5 Componentes
es

5.5.1 Geral

&RPSRQHQWHV GH XPP 63'$


63'$
63 $ GHYHP
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GH RUWWDU RV
VXSRU RV HIHLWRV
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WL RV GH
GH PDWHULDLV
PDWWHULDL FRP FDUDFWHUtVWLFDV
GHFRPSRUWDPHQWRPHFkQLFRHOpWULFRHTXtPLFR UHODFLRQDGRjFRUURVmR HTXLYDOHQWH
PHFFkQ kQLFR
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127$ &RPSRQHQWHVIHLWRVGHPDWHULDLVQmRPHWiOLFRVSRGHPVHUXVDGRVSDUD¿[DomR
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a 5 – 0DWHULDLVSDUD63'$HFRQGLo}HVGHXWLOL]DomR
Tabela
Tabe
Tabela
be 0DWHULD
DLV SDUD
D 63'$
$ H FRQGLo}
}HV
V GH XWLOL]Do
Utilização
Utilizaç
ção Corrosão
C

Podem ser
Material No
Nocconcreto
onncre
eto No
Nocconcreto
on
ncre
eto Aumentado
Au
A destruídos por
re
Ao ar livre a terra
Na terra
erra Resiistênci
cia
ci
Resistência
ou reboco
reb
bocco armado
a
arma
r ado
o por acoplamento
galvânico

&RPSRVWRV
&R
VXOIXUDGRV
VX
0DFLoR 0DFLoR 0DFLoR
0DFL
0DFLoR
FLoR
Materiais
(QFRUGRDGR (QFRUGRDGR (QFRUGRDGR Boa em muitos
&REUH 1mRSHUPLWLGR RUJkQLFRV ±
DPELHQWHV
&RPR &RPR &RPR
$OWRV
FREHUWXUD FREHUWXUD FREHUWXUD
FRQWH~GRVGH
FORUHWRV

$FHLWiYHOQRDU
$oR 0DFLoR 0DFLoR 0DFLoR 0DFLoR $OWRV
em concreto
JDOYDQL]DGR FRQWH~GRVGH &REUH
HHPVRORV
a quente (QFRUGRDGR (QFRUGRDGR (QFRUGRDGR (QFRUGRDGR FORUHWRV
VDOXEUHV

0DFLoR 0DFLoR 0DFLoR 0DFLoR $OWRV


$oR Bom em muitos
FRQWH~GRVGH ±
LQR[LGiYHO DPELHQWHV
(QFRUGRDGR (QFRUGRDGR (QFRUGRDGR (QFRUGRDGR FORUHWRV
$oR 0DFLoR 0DFLoR 0DFLoR Bom em
1mR &RPSRVWRV
revestido muitos ±
permitido VXOIXUDGRV
SRUFREUH (QFRUGRDGR (QFRUGRDGR (QFRUGRDGR DPELHQWHV

© ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados 19


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

Tabela 5 FRQWLQXDomR
Utilização Corrosão
Podem ser
Material No concreto No concreto Aumentado destruídos por
Ao ar livre Na terra Resistência
ou reboco armado por acoplamento
galvânico
Bom em
DWPRVIHUDV
0DFLoR contendo
6ROXo}HV
$OXPtQLR 1mRSHUPLWLGR 1mRSHUPLWLGR 1mRSHUPLWLGR EDL[DV &REUH
DOFDOLQDV
(QFRUGRDGR FRQFHQWUDo}HV
GHVXOIXUDGRVH
FORUHWRV

127$ (VWDWDEHODIRUQHFHVRPHQWHXPJXLDJHUDO(PFLUFXQVWkQFLDVHVSHFLDLVFRQVLGHUDo}HVGHLPXQL]DomRGHFRUURVmR
HULGDV
PDLVFXLGDGRVDVVmRUHTXHULGDV
127$ &RQGXWRUHVHQFRUGRDGRVVmRPDLVYXOQHUiYHLVjFRUURVmRGRTXHFRQGXWRUHVVyOLGRV&RQGXWRUHVHQFRUGRDGRV
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LG R HP VRORDUJL
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RP VRORVDOJDG

5.5.2 Fixação
FRQ
RQGX
RQ GXWWRUH
GX HVG
GHGHVVFLG
GDVV GHYH
HP VHU¿UPH
PHPH
PH HQWHH ¿[D
DGR
RV GH
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HOHWURGLQkPLFDVRXPHFkQLFDVDFLGHQWDLV SRUH[HPSORYLEUDo}HVH[SDQVmRWpUPLFDHWF QmRFDXVHP
FkQ
kQLFFDV DFLG
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UD GH
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UH RVH
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DUUDV QD KRUL]RQWD
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PD
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5.5.3 &RQH[}HV
2 Q~PHUR GH FRQH[}HV DR ORQJR GRV FRQGXWRUHV GHYH VHU R PHQRU SRVVtYHO &RQH[}HV GHYHP
VHUIHLWDVGHIRUPDVHJXUDHSRUPHLRGHVROGDHOpWULFDRXH[RWpUPLFDHFRQH[}HVPHFkQLFDVGHSUHVVmR
VH HPEXWLGDV HP FDL[DV GH LQVSHomR  RX FRPSUHVVmR 1mR VmR SHUPLWLGDV HPHQGDV HP FDERV
GHGHVFLGDH[FHWRRFRQHFWRUSDUDHQVDLRVRTXDOpREULJDWyULRDVHULQVWDODGRSUy[LPRGRVROR DDOWXUD
VXJHULGDpPDSDUWLUGRSLVR GHPRGRDSURSRUFLRQDUIiFLODFHVVRSDUDUHDOL]DomRGHHQVDLRV
3DUDDOFDQoDUHVWHREMHWLYRDVFRQH[}HVGDVDPDGXUDVGHDoRGRFRQFUHWRGHYHPHVWDUFRQIRUPH
e devem atender aos requisitos de ensaios de continuidade de acordo com o Anexo F.

5.6 0DWHULDLVHGLPHQV}HV
5.6.1 Materiais

0DWHULDLVHVXDVGLPHQV}HVGHYHPVHUHVFROKLGRVWHQGRHPPHQWHDSRVVLELOLGDGHGHFRUURVmRWDQWR
GDHVWUXWXUDDVHUSURWHJLGDTXDQWRGR63'$

20 © ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

5.6.2 'LPHQV}HV

&RQ¿JXUDo}HVHiUHDVGHVHomRPtQLPDGRVFRQGXWRUHVGRVVXEVLVWHPDVGHFDSWDomRHGHGHVFLGD
VmRGDGDVQD7DEHOD

Tabela 6 – 0DWHULDOFRQ¿JXUDomRHiUHDGHVHomRPtQLPDGRVFRQGXWRUHVGHFDSWDomRKDVWHV
captoras e condutores de descidas
Área da seção
Material &RQ¿JXUDomR mínima Comentários d
mm2
)LWDPDFLoD 35 (VSHVVXUDPP
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a 2UHFREULPHQWRDTXHQWH IRJR GHYHVHUFRQIRUPH$%171%5>@
E $SOLFiYHOVRPHQWHDPLQLFDSWRUHV3DUDDSOLFDo}HVRQGHHVIRUoRVPHFkQLFRVSRUH[HPSORIRUoDGRYHQWRQmRIRUHP
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c &RPSRVLomRPtQLPD$,6,RXFRPSRVWRSRUFURPRQtTXHOFDUERQR
d (VSHVVXUD FRPSULPHQWR H GLkPHWUR LQGLFDGRV QD WDEHOD UHIHUHVH DRV YDORUHV PtQLPRV VHQGR DGPLWLGD XPD
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127$ 6HPSUHTXHRVFRQGXWRUHVGHVWDWDEHODHVWLYHUHPHPFRQWDWRGLUHWRFRPRVRORpLPSRUWDQWHTXHDVSUHVFULo}HV
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127$ (VWDWDEHODQmRVHDSOLFDDRVPDWHULDLVXWLOL]DGRVFRPRHOHPHQWRVQDWXUDLVGHXP63'$

© ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados 21


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

&RQ¿JXUDo}HV H GLPHQV}HV PtQLPDV GRV FRQGXWRUHV GR VXEVLVWHPD GH DWHUUDPHQWR VmR GDGDV QD
7DEHOD

Tabela 7 – 0DWHULDOFRQ¿JXUDomRHGLPHQV}HVPtQLPDVGHHOHWURGRGHDWHUUDPHQWR
'LPHQV}HVPtQLPDVI
Eletrodo
Material &RQ¿JXUDomR Eletrodo Comentários I
cravado
não cravado
(Diâmetro)
'LkPHWURGHFDGD¿R
(QFRUGRDGRc ௅ 50 mm2
FRUGRDOKDPP
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PDFLoR c
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50 mm (VSHVVXUDPP
(VS
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15
5m m
mm ௅
PDFLoR
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m ௅ (VSHVVXUDGDSDUHGHPP
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R
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6.1 Geral
263'$LQWHUQRGHYHHYLWDUDRFRUUrQFLDGHFHQWHOKDPHQWRVSHULJRVRVGHQWURGRYROXPHGHSURWHomR
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ou em outras partes condutivas da estrutura.

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22 © ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

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© ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados 23


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

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}HV Pt
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Tabela 9 – 'LPHQV}HVPtQLPDVGRVFRQGXWRUHVTXHOLJDPDVLQVWDODo}HVPHWiOLFDVLQWHUQDV
aos barramentos de equipotencialização (BEP ou BEL)
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$oRJDOYDQL]DGRDIRJR 16

24 © ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

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6.2.4 Equipotencialização para sistemas internos

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© ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados 25


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

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coordenados” de acordo com os requisitos da ABNT NBR 5419-4 e da ABNT NBR 5410.

6.2.5 Equipotencialização para as linhas conectadas à estrutura a ser protegida

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© ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados 29


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}H DSUHVHQWD HP  D  E 
RXF IRUHPSUHHQFKLGDVDV

6H QHQKXPD GHVVDV FRQGLo}HV IRU SUHHQFKLGD PHGLGDV GH SURWHomR GHYHP VHU DGRWDGDV FRQWUD
GDQRVDVHUHVYLYRVGHYLGRjVWHQV}HVGHSDVVRFRPRDVHJXLU

௘D  LPSRU UHVWULo}HV ItVLFDV EDUUHLUDV  RX VLQDOL]DomR GH DOHUWD SDUD PLQLPL]DU D SUREDELOLGDGH
GHDFHVVRjiUHDSHULJRVDDWpPGRVFRQGXWRUHVGHGHVFLGD

௘E  FRQVWUXomR GH HOHWURGR GH DWHUUDPHQWR UHWLFXODGR FRPSOHPHQWDU QR HQWRUQR GR FRQGXWRU
de descida.

30 © ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

Anexo A
(normativo)

Posicionamento do subsistema de captação

A.1 Posicionamento do subsistema de captação utilizando-se o método


do ângulo de proteção

A.1.1 Geral

$SRVLomRGRVXEVLVWHPDGHFDSWDomRpFRQVLGHUDGDDGHTXDGDVHDHVWUXWXUDDVHUSURWHJLGDHVWLYHU
WHPDGHFDSWDomomR
om R p
p FR
RQVLGHUDGDDGGHT
HTXDGDVHDHVWUXWXUD
VLWXDGDWRWDOPHQWHGHQWURGRYROXPHGHSURWHomRSURYLGRSHORVXEVLVWHPDGHFDSWDomR
HQWURGRYROOXP
XPH
HGH
G SUR
GH RWH
WHomRSU
SURYLGRSH
SU HORVXE
XEVLVWHPDGHF
XE

'HYHP VHU FRQVLGHUDGDV


UDGDV DSHQDV
DSH QDV DV
SHQD
QD DV GLPHQV}HV
GLPHQVV}HVV ItVLFDV
ItV
tVLFD
tV DV GRV
RV HOHPHQWRV
GR HOHPH R  PHWiOLFRV
PHQWWRV
PH PH GR VXEVLVWHPD
GHFDSWDomRSDUDDGHWHUPLQDomRGRYROXPHGHSURWHomR
GHWHUUPL
PLQD
QDoomR
QD R GR
R YROXP
XPHG
GHSURRWHHommR

A.1.2 Volume de
epproteção
roteçã
ão prov
provido
vido
o por ma
mastro
asttro
o

2YROXPHGHSURWHomRSURYLGRSRUXPPDVWURpGH¿QLGRSHODIRUPDGHXPFRQHFLUFXODUFXMRYpUWLFH
mR SUR
URYLGGR SRU XP PD DVWUR
R pGHH¿QLGRR SHOD
D IRUP
PDGHHXP
P FR
HVWiSRVLFLRQDGRQRHL[RGRPDVWURRkQJXORĮGHSHQGHQGRGDFODVVHGR63'$HDDOWXUDGRPDVWUR
HL[R GRPD
P VW
PD VWUR
URR
R kQ
k JX
JXORĮ
ĮGH
GHSH
GH S QGH
SH HQG GRGD
DFOD
DVVHGR63'
FRPRFRQVWDQD7DEHOD([HPSORVGHYROXPHVGHSURWHomRVmRGDGRVQDV)LJXUDV$H$
HOD
D
([[HP
PSORVGH HYR
ROXP
XPHV GHS SURWWHom
mRVmmR GDGRV QDV)L

h1

O C
B

Legenda

A topo do captor
% SODQRGHUHIHUrQFLD
2& UDLRGDEDVHGRFRQHGHSURWHomR
h1 DOWXUDGHXPPDVWURDFLPDGRSODQRGHUHIHUrQFLD
Į kQJXORGHSURWHomRFRQIRUPH7DEHOD

Figura A.1 – Volume de proteção provido por um mastro

© ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados 31


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

Į1 Į2

h1 h1

h2
H

Legenda

h1 DOWXUDGRPDVWUR

127$ URWHomRĮ1 FRUU


2kQJXORGHSURWHomRĮ UHV
HVSR
SRRQG
QGHH j DOWX
DOOWX
FRUUHVSRQGHjDOWXUDhWXUD
UDh
UD h1GRPPDVW
V URVHQGRHVWDDDOWX
GRPDVWURVHQGRHVWDDDOWXUDDFLPDGDVXSHUItFLH
GD FREHUWXUD GD HVWUXWXUD
XUD D VHU SURWHJLGD
SURW
SU RWHJ
RW HJLG
HJ LGD
LG D R
R kQJXOR
kQJXOXOR
XO R GH
H SURWHomR
GH SUR
RWHom
mR Į2 FFRUUHVSRQGH
R UHVSRQGH j
RU j DOWXUD h2 = h1 + H
RGHUHIIHUrQ
rQFL
rQ
FRPRVRORVHQGRRSODQRGHUHIHUrQFLDĮFLD
FL DĮ
Į1 HVWiUHODFLR
HVWiUHODFLRQDGRFRPh
RQD
QDGR
G FRPh h1, e Į2 HV
HVWiUHODFLRQDGRFRPh
HVWi
WiUHODFLRQ
Wi 2.

Figura A.2 – Volume


ume
e de p
proteção
rote
teçã
teção prov
çã provido
ovido
o porr um
mmmastro
astrro p
as para
arra du
duas
uas a
alturas
ltu diferentes

A.1.3 Volume de pr
proteção
rotteção
opprovido
rovido p
por
or c
condutor
ond
dutorr su
suspenso
uspe
enso
o

2 YROXPH GH SURWHomR


R SURYLGR
SUR
URYYLGR
UR R SRU FRQGXWRU
FRQG
GXWR
RU VXVSHQVR
VXVS
VSHQ
VS QVR HVWi
HVVWi GH¿QLGR
GH
H¿QLGR
R FRP
FRPR
PR VHQGR
VHQG D FRPSRVLomR GR
YROXPHGHSURWHomRYLUWXDOGHPDVWURVFRPVHXVYpUWLFHVDOLQKDGRVQHVVHFRQGXWRU([HPSORVGRYROXPH
XDO GHPDVWWURVFRPP VH
HXVYpU
pUWLWLWLFH
pU HV
V DOLQ
QKDDGRVQHVVVHFRRQGXWRU
QDD )LLJXUUD$
GHSURWHomRVmRGDGRVQD)LJXUD$$
A

h1
A
O C

Į
B

h1

O C

Legenda

A topo do captor
% SODQRGHUHIHUrQFLD
2& UDLRGDEDVHGRFRQHGHSURWHomR
h1 DOWXUDGHXPPDVWURDFLPDGRSODQRGHUHIHUrQFLD
Į kQJXORGHSURWHomRFRQIRUPH7DEHOD

Figura A.3 – Volume de proteção provido por elemento condutor suspenso

32 © ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

A.2 Posicionamento do subsistema de captação utilizando o método da esfera


rolante
2DGHTXDGRSRVLFLRQDPHQWRGRVXEVLVWHPDGHFDSWDomRQDDSOLFDomRGHVWHPpWRGRRFRUUHVHQHQKXP
SRQWRGDHVWUXWXUDDVHUSURWHJLGDHQWUDUHPFRQWDWRFRPXPDHVIHUD¿FWtFLDURODQGRDRUHGRUHQRWRSR
GDHVWUXWXUDHPWRGDVDVGLUHo}HVSRVVtYHLV2UDLRrGHVVDHVIHUDGHSHQGHGDFODVVHGR63'$ YHU7DEHOD 
6HQGRDVVLPDHVIHUDVRPHQWHSRGHUiWRFDURSUySULRVXEVLVWHPDGHFDSWDomR YHU)LJXUD$ 

r
r
r

r h > 60 m
h < 60 m 0,8 h

Legenda
subsistema
isste
t ma de
de captação
r
raio da esfera
esfe
es era
a rolante
rol
o ante

2UDLRGDHVIHUDURODQWHrGHYHVHJXLURYDORUHVSHFL¿FDGRGHSHQGHQGRGDFODVVHGR63'$ YHU7DEHOD 
QWHrGHY
r YHH VH
VHJX
JXLU
JXLUR YDO
D RU HVS
SHFFL¿¿FD
DGRGHS
SHQGH
HQGR
RGDFOD
ODVVVHG
OD

Figura A.4 – Projeto subsistema


rojeto do sub
bsi
sist
stem
st ema
em captação
a de c conforme
aptação co
ap onf
n orme o método da esfera rolante
orme
3RGHRFRUUHULPSDFWRGLUHWRQDVODWHUDLVGHWRGDVDVHVWUXWXUDVFRPDOWXUDPDLRUTXHRUDLRrGDHVIHUD
RGLUHWRQDVODWHUDLV GHWR
WRGD
WRGDVV DV HVW
GD VWUX
UXWX
UXWXUD
WXUDVFRPDOWXUDPDLRU
UD
URODQWH&DGDSRQWRODWHUDOWRFDGRSHODHVIHUDURODQWHpXPSRQWRSRVVtYHOGHRFRUUrQFLDGHLPSDFWR
GLUHWR(QWUHWDQWRDSUREDELOLGDGHGHRFRUUrQFLDGHGHVFDUJDVDWPRVIpULFDVODWHUDLVpJHUDOPHQWH
GHVSUH]tYHOSDUDHVWUXWXUDVFRPDOWXUDLQIHULRUDP

3DUD HVWUXWXUDV FRP DOWXUD VXSHULRU D  P XP PDLRU Q~PHUR GH GHVFDUJDV DWPRVIpULFDV LQFLGLUi
QD FREHUWXUD HP HVSHFLDO QRV FDQWRV GD HVWUXWXUD H QDV H[WUHPLGDGHV KRUL]RQWDLV GD SHULIHULD
$SHQDVXPDSHTXHQDSRUFHQWDJHPGHWRGDVDVGHVFDUJDVDWPRVIpULFDVDWLQJLUiDVODWHUDLVGHVWD

$OpPGLVVRHVWDWtVWLFDVPRVWUDPTXHDSUREDELOLGDGHGDVGHVFDUJDVDWPRVIpULFDVRFRUUHUHPQDODWHUDO
GDVHVWUXWXUDVDXPHQWDFRQVLGHUDYHOPHQWHHPIXQomRGDDOWXUDGRSRQWRGHLPSDFWRQDVHVWUXWXUDV
GHDOWXUDHOHYDGDTXDQGRPHGLGDVDSDUWLUGRVROR

3RU HVWD UD]mR D LQVWDODomR GH FDSWDomR QD ODWHUDO GD SDUWH VXSHULRU GDV HVWUXWXUDV DOWDV DFLPD
GHPGHDOWXUD WLSLFDPHQWHDGRWRSRGDDOWXUDGDHVWUXWXUD GHYHVHUFRQVLGHUDGD1HVWH
FDVR R PpWRGR GD HVIHUD URODQWH p DSOLFDGR VRPHQWH SDUD R SRVLFLRQDPHQWR GR VXEVLVWHPD GH
FDSWDomRQDSDUWHVXSHULRUGDHVWUXWXUD

© ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados 33


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

A.3 Posicionamento do subsistema de captação utilizando o método das malhas


8PDPDOKDGHFRQGXWRUHVSRGHVHUFRQVLGHUDGDFRPRXPERPPpWRGRGHFDSWDomRSDUDSURWHJHU
VXSHUItFLHVSODQDV3DUDWDQWRGHYHPVHUFXPSULGRVRVVHJXLQWHVUHTXLVLWRV

௘D  FRQGXWRUHVFDSWRUHVGHYHPVHULQVWDODGRV

— QDSHULIHULDGDFREHUWXUDGDHVWUXWXUD

— QDVVDOLrQFLDVGDFREHUWXUDGDHVWUXWXUD

— QDVFXPHHLUDVGRVWHOKDGRVVHRGHFOLYHGHVWHH[FHGHU XPGHGHVQtYHOSRUGH]GH
FRPSULPHQWR 

127$ 2PpWRGRGDVPDOKDVpDSURSULDGRSDUDWHOKDGRVKRUL]RQWDLVHLQFOLQDGRVVHPFXUYDWXUD
VPDOKDVpDSURSULDGR SDU
DUD
DWH
WHOK
WH OKDG
OK DGRV
DG RV KRU
RUL]
L]RQ
L] RQWDLVHLQFOLQDGRVVH
RQ

127$ 2 PpWRGR GDVV PDOKDV p DSURSULDGR


DSUR
DS URSU
UR SUULD
LDGGR SDUD
SDUD SURWHJHU
SURW
RWHJHUU VXSHUItFLHV
RW VXS
SHUItFL
FLHV
FL HV ODWHUDLV SODQDV
HV SODQ FRQWUD GHVFDUJDV
DWPRVIpULFDVODWHUDLV

RWHOKD
DGR H[FHG GHU 
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RQG
GXWRUHHVS
SDUDDOHORVHP
P YH
H]GH
GHHP
GH P PDOK
127$ 6HRGHFOLYHGRWHOKDGRH[FHGHUFRQGXWRUHVSDUDOHORVHPYH]GHHPPDOKDSRGHPVHUXVDGRV
WUH RVFR
FRQG
FR QGXWWRUHV
QG HVQm
HV mRPDDLRUUTXHD ODUJ
JXUD
D GHH PDOK
KDH[[LJLGD
DGRWDQGRDGLVWkQFLDHQWUHRVFRQGXWRUHVQmRPDLRUTXHDODUJXUDGHPDOKDH[LJLGD D

௘E  DVGLPHQV}HVGHPDOKDQmRSRGHPVHUPDLRUHVTXHRVYDORUHVHQFRQWUDGRVQD7DEHOD
PD
DOK
KDQ
QmR
RSR
RGHPVHUUP
PDLRUHVV TX
XHR
RV YDORUUHV HQFR
RQWUUDG
DGRV
RV

௘F  R FRQMXQWR GH FRQGXWRUHV


RQG GXW
XWRRUHV GR
GR VXEVLVWHPD
VXEEVLVVWH
HPDD GH
GHH FDSWDomR
FDSWDoomR GHYH
GHYHH VHU
HU FFRQVWUXtGR
VH RQVW GH WDO PRGR
TXH D FRUUHQWH HOpWULFD
HOpWWULF
LFD
LF D GD
GD GHVFDUJD
GHVFDUUJD DWPRVIpULFD
DWPRRVI LFD VHPSUH
VIpULF
LF VHP H HQFRQWUH
PSUH SHOR PHQRV GXDV URWDV
HQFFRQWUH SHOR
FRQGXWRUDVGLVWLQWDVSDUDRVXEVLVWHPDGHDWHUUDPHQWR
DV SDUDR RVXXEVLVWHPD
PD GHD DWHUUD
DPH HQWWR

௘G  1HQKXPD LQVWDODomR
mR PHWiOLFD
om L D TXH SRU
PHWiOOLF SRU VXDV
DV FDUDFWHUtVWLFDV
VXD FDUD H tVWWLFDV QmR
DFWHU QmR SRVVD
R SR D DVVXPLU
RVVD DVV D FRQGLomR GH
HOHPHQWRFDSWRUXOWUDSDVVHSDUDIRUDRYROXPHSURWHJLGRSHODPDOKDGRVXEVLVWHPDGHFDSWDomR
XOWWUD
U SD
SDVV
VVHSDUDIRUD
VV DRYRROXP
PHSURRWHJL
J GR
RSHODPD DOKDGRVXEV

௘H  RVFRQGXWRUHVGDPDOKDGHYHPVHJXLURFDPLQKRPDLVFXUWRHUHWLOtQHRSRVVtYHOGDLQVWDODomR
PDOOKD GHY
HYHPVHJX
XLUR
RFFDP
PLQKRPD
PDLV FXUWR HUH
PD HWLOtQH
HR SRVVV

34 © ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

Anexo B
LQIRUPDWLYR

Seção mínima da blindagem do cabo de entrada de modo a evitar


centelhamento perigoso

6REUHWHQV}HV HQWUH FRQGXWRUHV YLYRV H EOLQGDJHP GR FDER SRGHP FDXVDU FHQWHOKDPHQWR SHULJRVR
GHYLGR j FRUUHQWH GR UDLR FRQGX]LGD SHOD EOLQGDJHP $V VREUHWHQV}HV GHSHQGHP GR PDWHULDO
GDVGLPHQV}HVGDEOLQGDJHPGRFRPSULPHQWRHSRVLFLRQDPHQWRGRFDER

2YDORUPtQLPRSFPtQQ (em mm2 GDiUHDGD


GDiUHDGDVHomRUHWDGDEOLQGDJHPQHFHVViULDSDUDHYLWDUFHQWHOKD-
VHo
HomR
mR UHW
HWD
D GD EOLQGDJHPQHFHVViU
PHQWRSHULJRVRpGDGRSRU
DGRSRU

I ⋅ ρ ⋅ L ⋅ 106 m2)
(mm
(m
Scmin = I F F
Uw

onde

If pDFRUUHQWHTXHSHUFRUUHDEOLQGDJHPH[SUHVVDHPTXLORDPSqUH N$ 
TXH
XH SHU
H FR
RUUH
HDEOLQ
QGD
DJH
HPH[S
SUH
HVVD
D HP
PTX
T LOL RDP
PSq
qUH N
N
N$
$ 

ȡc pDUHVLVWLYLGDGHGDEOLQGDJHPH[SUHVVDHPRKPYH]HVPHWUR ȍP 


DGH
H GD EOLQGDJHPH[[SUUHVVD HPRKP
P YH]H
HVPH
HWUR ȍP 

Lc pRFRPSULPHQWRGRFDERH[SUHVVRHPPHWUR P  YHU7DEHOD% 


HQWWRGR FDE
ERH[SUUHVVVR HP
PPH
HWUR
R P
P YHU7
7DEH
HOD % 

Uw pDWHQVmRVXSRUWiYHOGHLPSXOVRGRVLVWHPDHOHWURHOHWU{QLFRDOLPHQWDGRSHORFDERH[SUHVVD
XS SRUWi
WiYH
Y OGH
GHLPSXOVRGR
GH RVLLVWHPD
DHOOHWUR
RHOHWU{
{QLFFRDOLPH
HQWDG
HPTXLORYROW N9 

Tabela B.1 – Comprimento


mprim
imen
imento
en cabo
to de cab considerado
bo a serr cons
side
derad segundo
do seg
gun condição
ndo a c on
nd da blindagem
Condição
dição da
a bl
blindagem
lin
inda
dage
dag m Lc

(PFRQWDWRFRPXPVRORGHUHVLVWLYLGDGHȡ
XPVRORGHUH
HVL
V VWWLY
LYLG
LGDG
LG DGH
DG Hȡ (ȍm) Lc ≤  ⋅ ρ

,VRODGRGRVRORRXQRDU
GR GR VROR RX QR DU LcGLVWkQFLDHQWUHDHVWUXWXUDHRSRQWRGH
GLVVWk
W QFLDHQWUHDHVWUXW
DWHUUDPHQWRGDEOLQGDJHPPDLVSUy[LPR

127$ eQHFHVViULRFHUWL¿FDUVHGHTXHXPDHOHYDomRGHWHPSHUDWXUDLQDFHLWiYHOQRLVRODPHQWRGDOLQKD
QmR SRVVD RFRUUHU TXDQGR D FRUUHQWH GR UDLR SHUFRUUHU D EOLQGDJHP GD OLQKD RX RV FRQGXWRUHV GD OLQKD
3DUDLQIRUPDomRGHWDOKDGDYHU$%171%5

2VOLPLWHVGHFRUUHQWHVmRGDGRV

௘D  SDUDFDERVEOLQGDGRVSRU
II =  ⋅ SF
e

© ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados 35


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

௘E  SDUDFDERVQmREOLQGDGRVSRU

II =  ⋅ n' ⋅ S'F

onde

II pDFRUUHQWHQDEOLQGDJHPH[SUHVVDHPTXLORDPSqUH N$ 

n' pRQ~PHURGHFRQGXWRUHV

Sc pDVHomRGDEOLQGDJHPH[SUHVVDHPPLOtPHWURVTXDGUDGRV PP2 

S'c pDVHomRGHFDGDFRQGXWRUH[SUHVVDHPPLOtPHWURVTXDGUDGRV PP2).

36 © ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

Anexo C
LQIRUPDWLYR

Divisão da corrente da descarga atmosférica entre os condutores de descida


2 FRH¿FLHQWH GH GLYLVmR kc GD FRUUHQWH GD GHVFDUJD DWPRVIpULFD HQWUH RV FRQGXWRUHV GH GHVFLGD
GHSHQGHGRQ~PHURWRWDOGHFRQGXWRUHVGHGHVFLGDnHGDVVXDVSRVLo}HVGRVFRQGXWRUHVHPDQHO
GH LQWHUOLJDomR GR WLSR GR VXEVLVWHPD GH FDSWDomR H GR WLSR GR VXEVLVWHPD GH DWHUUDPHQWR FRPR
LQGLFDGRQD7DEHOD&
$7DEHOD&DSOLFDVHSDUDRVDUUDQMRVGHDWHUUDPHQWRHPDQHO

7DEHOD&±9DORUHVGRFRH¿FLHQWHkc
ro d
Numero e co
de c ndutores
condutores kc
Tipo de captores d
dee de
d esccid
ida
descida
Arranjo de aterramento
n em anel
+DVWHVLPSOHV 1 1
Fio 2  YHU)LJXUD& 

 YH
Y U a

0DOKD 4 e mais
ma  YHU)LJXUD& 


 Y
 Y E

HPDLVFRQHFWDGRVSRU
H
HPDLVFRQ
QHFFWDGGRV SRU
RU
RU
0DOKD FRQGXWRUHVKRUL]RQWDLVHPDQHO
FR
RQGXXWRUHV KRUL]]RQWDLV HP DQHO
n YHU)LJXUD& 
n
 YH c

a )DL[DGHYDORUHVGHkkc RQGHc
 RQG
GHcc < h a kc = 1 co
com  YHUU)LJ
JXUD &
&  
om h < cc YHU)LJXUD& 
E $HTXDomRSDUDkcGHDFRUGRFRPD)LJXUD&pXPDDSUR[LPDomRSDUDHVWUXWXUDVHPIRUPDGHFXERHSDUDn•
GHDFFRUGRFRP PD)LJXUUD& &
pXXPDDS
D URR[LPPDom mRSDUUDHV VWUXWXUDVHPIR
2VYDORUHVGHhcs e ccGVmRDVVXPLGRVSDUDVHUHPQDIDL[DGHPDP
GVmmRDDVVX
XPLGRVSD DUDVH HUHPPQDID
DL[D
D GH
H P D  P
c 6HRVFRQGXWRUHVGHGHVFLGDVVmRFRQHFWDGRVSRUFRQGXWRUHVHPDQHODGLVWULEXLomRGHFRUUHQWHpPDLVKRPRJrQHDQDV
HGHHVF
VFLGGDV VmR FRQHFWDG GRVSR RUFR
RQGXWRUHHV HP DQ QHODGLLVWULE
EXLomR
RGH
H FRUUH
SDUWHVPDLVEDL[DVGRVLVWHPDGHGHVFLGDVHk
R VLVVWHP
R HPDGHGHVFLGDVH HkkcpDLQG
pDLQGDPDLVUHGX]LGR,VWRpHVSHFLDOPHQWHYiOLGRSDUDHVWUXWXUDVDOWDV
GDPDLVUHGX
GX]LGRR,VWR pHVSHFLD DOPHHQWHYi

127$ GH
Hkc SR
2XWURVYDORUHVGHk SRGHPVHUXWLOL]DGRVVHFiOFXORVGHWDOKDGRVIRUHPIHLWRV
SRGGHPVHUXWLOL]DGR
RV VHF
FiOFXORVGHWWDOKDGRVIRUUHPIHLWRV

IEC 2655/10

Assim:
h+c
Kc =
2h + c

)LJXUD&±9DORUHVGRFRH¿FLHQWHkcQRFDVRGHXPVXEVLVWHPDGHFDSWRUHVDXP¿RHXP
subsistema de aterramento em anel

© ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados 37


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

c
h

IEC 2105/05

Assim:
1 c
Kc = + 0,1 + 0, 2 × 3
2n h

onde
n Q~PHURWRWDOGHFRQGXWRUHVGHGHVFLGDV
HFR
RQG
QGXWR
RUH
HVGHGH
HVFLGD
DV

c GLVWkQFLDGHXPFRQGXWRUGHGHVFLGDDRSUy[LPRFRQGXWRUGHGHVFLGD
P FR
RQG
QGXWR
RU GHGHVFFLGD
D DR SUy[LP
PR FRQG
GXWRUG
GHGHVFFLGD
D

h HVSDoDPHQWR RXDOWXUD HQWUHRVFRQGXWRUHVHPDQHO


RX
X DOWX
DOWX
WXUD
UD HQWUHRVFR
UD RQG
GXWR
RUHVHP
P DQHOO

127$ 3DUDXPDDYDOLDomRGHWDOKDGDGRYDORUGRFRH¿FLHQWHk
DOLDoomR
m GHW
HWDO
D KDGDGR
RYD
DOR
RUGRFRH¿¿FLH
HQWH kcYHU
YHU)LJXUD&
U)LJXUD
D&

RQGXWRUUHV
H GH GH
GHVFLGD
DLQ
QWH
HUQR
RVUH
UH
HFRP
PHQGDVHTX
XHHOHVVHMD
DP OHY
127$ 6HH[LVWLUHPFRQGXWRUHVGHGHVFLGDLQWHUQRVUHFRPHQGDVHTXHHOHVVHMDPOHYDGRVHPFRQVLGHUDomR
QDDYDOLDomRGHkc.

)LJXUD&±9DORUHVGHFRH¿FLHQWHk
GH FRH¿FLHQWH kc n
no
o ca
caso
so d
de
e um ssistema
iste
istema
tema d
de
e captores e
em malha e sistema
de aterram
aterramento
men
entoo em
to em anel

 © ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

c
df
h1
Ia da If

h2 dg
Ib db Ig

h3
dc
Ic

h4
de
Ie

hm

IEC
C 21
2106/05
210 /

DQDOLVDQGRD¿JXUDWHPRV
WHPRV
ki
da ≥ sa = × kc1 × la
km

ki
dE ≥ sE = × kF × lE
km

ki
dc ≥ sc = × kc3 × lc
km

ki
de ≥ se = × kc4 × l e
km
ki
d I ≥ sI = × (kF × l I + kF × h )
km

ki
dg ≥ sg = × (kc2 × l g + kc3 × h3 + kc4 × h4 )
km

© ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados 39


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

DVVLP

1 c
Kc = + 0,1 + 0, 2 × 3
2n h
1
K c2 = + 0,1
n
1
K c3 = + 0, 01
n
1
K c4 =
n
1
K cm = K c4 =
n
onde

n pRQ~PHURWRWDOGHFRQGXWRUHVGHGHVFLGDV
DOGHFRQG
QGXW
QG XWRU
XW RUHV
RU H GH GHV
VFLG
GDV

c pDGLVWkQFLDDRPDLVSUy[LPRFRQGXWRUGHGHVFLGD
RPDLLVSU
SUy[
y[LP
y[ PRFR
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XWR
RU GHGHVVFLGD
D

h pRHVSDoDPHQWR RXDOWXUD HQWUHRVFRQGXWRUHVHPDQHO


WR
R R
R RX
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XUD 
HQWUH
 H RVV FRQ
QGXWR
RUHVVHP DQHO

m pRQ~PHURWRWDOGHQtYHLV
DOO GH QtYH
HLV

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R FRQG
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SUy[[LP
SU L R

l pDDOWXUDDFLPDDRSRQWRGHEOLQGDJHP
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P

Figura C.3 – Exemplos


plo
los
los de cálculos dde distâncias
e di
istâ
âncias de separação
e separaçção caso
so de um sistema de
o no cas
captores em malha, um anel de
anel d interconexão
e interco
one
exãão a cada nível
a ní
nív
vel e um sistema
m sis
stem aterramento em anel
ma de at

40 © ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

Anexo D
(normativo)

Informação adicional para SPDA no caso de estruturas


com risco de explosão

D.1 Geral
(VWH $QH[R SURYr LQIRUPDo}HV DGLFLRQDLV SDUD SURMHWR LQVWDODomR DPSOLDomR PRGL¿FDomR GH XP
63'$SDUDHVWUXWXUDVRQGHKDMDULVFRGHH[SORVmR
DVRQGHKDMDULVFRGHH[
H[SO
[SO
SORV
RVmR
RV mR
mR

127$ $VLQIRUPDo}HVIRUQHFLGDVQHVWH$QH[RHVWmREDVHDGDVHPH[SHULrQFLDVSUiWLFDVFRPSURYDGDV
o}HVIRUQHFLGDV
DV QHVHVWHWH$QH
WH QH[R
QH [R HVWVWmRED
DVHD
HDGDVHP
HD H H[SHULrQFLD
HPLQVWDODo}HVGH63'$RQGHH[LVWHRULVFRGHH[SORVmR
'$RQGHH[
H[LV
H[ LVWH
LV WH RULVVFR GHH[
H[SO
H[ S RV
SO R mR

D.2 &RQGLo}HVDGLFLRQDLVHGH¿QLo}HV
V DG
GLF
FLRQD
DLV H GH¿
¿QLo
o}HV
V
$OpPGRVWHUPRVHGH¿QLo}HVGD6HomRDSOLFDPVHRVVHJXLQWHVWHUPRVHGH¿QLo}HV
GH
H¿Q
¿QLoo}HV
VGD
D6Hom
mR D
DSOLFDP
PVH
VH RVVHJ
JXLQ
QWHVVWHUP
PRVV H G

D.2.1
centelhador de isolamento
ame
men
me nto
FRPSRQHQWHFRPGLVWkQFLDSDUDLVRODUSDUWHVHOHWULFDPHQWHFRQGXWLYDVGDLQVWDODomR
VWk
kQFFLD SDUD
D LVRODUSDUWH
HVH
HOHWUL
ULFD
LF PH
P QWH
HFRQG
GXWLLYDVGDLQVWD

D.2.2
material sólido explosivo
lo
osiv
ivo o
FRPSRQHQWHTXtPLFRVyOLGRPLVWXUDRXHTXLSDPHQWRTXHWHPFRPRSURSyVLWRSULPiULRRXFRPXP
RVy
VyOLOLOLGR
Vy GR PLVWXUDRXH
GR HTXLSDPHQ
QWR TXH
HWHP
P FR
RPRSUR
RSyV
DH[SORVmR

D.2.3
zona 0
ORFDOHPTXHXPDDWPRVIHUDH[SORVLYDFRPSRVWDSRUXPDPLVWXUDGHDUHVXEVWkQFLDVLQÀDPiYHLVQDIRUPD
PRVIHUDH[SORVL
VLYD
VL YD FRP
RPSR
SRVW
SRVWD
VWD SR
S UXPDPLVWXUDGH
GHH DU
UH
HVXEVWkQFL
GHJiVYDSRURXQpYRDHVWiFRQWLQXDPHQWHSUHVHQWHRXSUHVHQWHSRUORQJRVSHUtRGRVFRPIUHTXrQFLD
RDHVWiFRQWLQXDPPHQ
HQWH SUH
UHVH
VHQW
VH QWH
QWH RX SUH
H UHVH
VHQW
VHQWH
QWHSRUORQJRVSHU

D.2.4
zona 1
ORFDOHPTXHpSURYiYHODRFRUUrQFLDRFDVLRQDOGHXPDDWPRVIHUDH[SORVLYDFRPSRVWDSRUXPDPLVWXUD
GHDUHVXEVWkQFLDVLQÀDPiYHLVQDIRUPDGHJiVYDSRURXQpYRDHPFRQGLo}HVQRUPDLVGHRSHUDomR

D.2.5
zona 2
ORFDOHPTXHDRFRUUrQFLDGHXPDDWPRVIHUDH[SORVLYDFRPSRVWDSRUXPDPLVWXUDGHDUHVXEVWkQFLDV
LQÀDPiYHLVQDIRUPDGHJiVYDSRURXQpYRDHPFRQGLo}HVQRUPDLVGHRSHUDomRQmRpSURYiYHOPDV
VHDFRQWHFHUGXUDUiSRUXPSHUtRGRFXUWR
127$ 1HVWDGH¿QLomRDSDODYUD³GXUDUi´VLJQL¿FDRWHPSRWRWDOGXUDQWHRTXDODDWPRVIHUDLQÀDPiYHO
H[LVWLUi,VWRQRUPDOPHQWHLQFOXLUiRWHPSRHQWUHDOLEHUDomRVRPDGRDRWHPSRGHGLVSHUVmRWRWDOGDPLVWXUD
LQÀDPiYHOSDUDDDWPRVIHUD

127$ ,QGLFDWLYRV GH IUHTXrQFLD GH RFRUUrQFLD H GXUDomR SRGHP VHU REWLGRV HP PDQXDLV GH SURFHVVR
UHODWLYRVDLQG~VWULDVRXHPGRFXPHQWDomRHVSHFt¿FDDSOLFiYHODRORFDOSRUH[HPSORPDSDVGHULVFR

© ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados 41


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

D.2.6
zona 20
ORFDOHPTXHXPDDWPRVIHUDH[SORVLYDQDIRUPDGHQXYHPGHSyFRPEXVWtYHOQRDUHVWiFRQWLQXDPHQWH
SUHVHQWHRXSUHVHQWHSRUORQJRVSHUtRGRVRXIUHTXHQWHPHQWH

D.2.7
zona 21
ORFDOHPTXHXPDDWPRVIHUDH[SORVLYDQDIRUPDGHXPDQXYHPGHSyFRPEXVWtYHOQRDUpRFDVLRQDO-
PHQWHSURYiYHOGHDFRQWHFHUHPFRQGLo}HVQRUPDLVGHRSHUDomR

D.2.8
zona 22
ORFDOHPTXHXPDDWPRVIHUDH[SORVLYDQDIRUPDGHQXYHPGHSyFRPEXVWtYHOQRDUQmRpSURYiYHO
HPFRQGLo}HVQRUPDLVGHRSHUDomRPDVVHDFRQWHFHUGXUDUiSRUXPSHUtRGRFXUWR
GHRSHUDomRPDVVHDFRQ
RQWH
RQ WHFHU
WH U GXUDUiSRUXPSHUtRGRF

D.3 Requisitos básicos


s

D.3.1 Geral

263'$GHYHVHUSURMHWDGRHLQVWDODGRGHWDOPDQHLUDTXHHPFDVRGRLPSDFWRGLUHWRGDGHVFDUJD
HWDDGR
R H
HLQVVWDO
DODDGRG
GHWD
DO PDQHLLUD TXXHH
HP FDVR
HP RGRLPSSDFFWR
W
DWPRVIpULFDQmRKDMDIXVmRRXIUDJPHQWDomRGHPDWHULDOH[FHWRQRSRQWRGHLPSDFWR
IX
XVm
VmR
RR
R RX IUDJJPHQWD Dom
mRGHHPDW
DWHUULDOH[F
DW FHW
HWRQ
QR SRQWR GHLP
LPS
LP

127$ &HQWHOKDPHQWRWRR RX


RX GDQR
GDQ
QR QR SRQWR GH
GH
H LPSDFWR
LPSDFW
FWR SRGHP
FW SRG
GHP P DFRQWHFHU
DFFRQWHFFHU 5HFRPHQGDVH
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LQD
DomR GD
FRQVLGHUDGR QD GHWHUPLQDomR GD ORFDOL]DomR
ORFDOL]DoomR
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SR
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RQD GH
GH GHVFLGD IRUD GD ]RQD GH ULVFR
ULVVFR FRQYpP
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XWRLLJQLLomRRGD DGDSHODDIR
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H[FHGD
TXHDWHPSHUDWXUDGHDXWRLJQLomRGDGDSHODIRQWHGD]RQDGHULVFRUHODWLYDQmRH[FHGDQDTXHODDSOLFDomR

D.3.2 ,QIRUPDo}HVH[LJLGDV
V H[
[LJLGDV

2SURMHWLVWDHRLQVWDODGRUGRVLVWHPDGHSURWHomRFRQWUDGHVFDUJDVDWPRVIpULFDVGHYHPWHUDFHVVR
DGRUGR R VLVVWH
W PDGH H SUURWWHomRFRQQWUD
D GHHVFDUJJDVDWP PRVIIpULFFD
DRV GHVHQKRV WpFQLFRVV GDV
GDVV HVWUXWXUDV
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P SURWHJLGDV
VHUUHP SUR
RWHJL
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FRQWH
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UHD
UHDV HP TXH R PDWHULDO
H[SORVLYRVyOLGRGHYHVHUPDQXVHDGRRXDUPD]HQDGRHDV]RQDVGHULVFRDSURSULDGDPHQWHGHPDUFDGDV
HUPDQX XVH
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DG R RX
R DUP PD]]HQ QDG
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1%5,(&  

 
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D.3.3 Ligação à terra


erra

8PHOHWURGRHPDQHOGHYHVHULQVWDODGRQRVXEVLVWHPDGHDWHUUDPHQWRGHDFRUGRFRPSDUDWRGRV
RVVLVWHPDVGHSURWHomRFRQWUDGHVFDUJDVDWPRVIpULFDVXWLOL]DGRVHPHVWUXWXUDVRQGHKDMDSHULJRGHH[SORVmR

$UHVLVWrQFLD{KPLFDGRHOHWURGRGHDWHUUDPHQWRSDUDHVWUXWXUDVFRQWHQGRPDWHULDLVH[SORVLYRVVyOLGRV
HPLVWXUDVH[SORVLYDVGHYHVHUWmREDL[DTXDQWRSRVVtYHOPDVHVWHYDORUVHPSUHGHYHVHUIXQomR
LQGLVVRFLiYHOGRVUHVXOWDGRVGRVHQVDLRVGHHVWUDWL¿FDomRGRVRORQRORFDO

D.3.4 Ligação equipotencial (ou equipotencialização)

$ HTXLSRWHQFLDOL]DomR HQWUH FRPSRQHQWHV GR 63'$ H RXWUDV LQVWDODo}HV FRQGXWRUDV EHP FRPR
HQWUHFRPSRQHQWHVFRQGXWRUHVGHWRGDVDVLQVWDODo}HVGHDFRUGRFRPGHYHVHUDVVHJXUDGDV
QDV]RQDVGHULVFRRQGHRPDWHULDOH[SORVLYRVyOLGRHVWLYHUSUHVHQWH

௘D  QRQtYHOGRVROR

42 © ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

௘E  RQGHDGLVWkQFLDHQWUHDVSDUWHVFRQGXWLYDVIRUPHQRUTXHDGLVWkQFLDGHVHJXUDQoDsFDOFXODGD
assumindo-se kc = 1.
127$ (PIXQomRGRVGDQRVSDUFLDLVFDXVDGRVSHODVGHVFDUJDVDWPRVIpULFDVDVGLVWkQFLDVGHVHJXUDQoDSRGHP
VHUFRQVLGHUDGDVVRPHQWHHPiUHDVRQGHQmRKiPLVWXUDH[SORVLYD1HVVDViUHDVRQGHTXDOTXHUFHQWHOKDPHQWR
SRGH FDXVDU LJQLomR GR DPELHQWH HTXLSRWHQFLDOL]Do}HV DGLFLRQDLV são QHFHVViULDV SDUD DVVHJXUDU TXH QmR KDMD
FHQWHOKDPHQWRQDViUHDVFODVVL¿FDGDVFRPR]RQDH]RQD

D.4 Estruturas contendo material explosivo sólido


2 SURMHWR GR VLVWHPD GH SURWHomR FRQWUD GHVFDUJDV DWPRVIpULFDV SDUD HVWUXWXUDV TXH FRQWHQKDP
PDWHULDO H[SORVLYR VyOLGR GHYH FRQVLGHUDU D VHQVLELOLGDGH GR PDWHULDO TXDQGR HOH IRU XWLOL]DGR
RXDUPD]HQDGR3RUH[HPSORDOJXPPDWHULDOH[SORVLYRGHJUDQGHWDPDQKRSRGHQmRH[LJLUTXDOTXHU
FRQVLGHUDomR DGLFLRQDO
RQDO GLIHUHQWH GDTXHODV V FRQWLGDV
FRQW
FR QWLGDV
QW DV QHVWH
H WH $QH[R 3RUpP
QHV 3RUpP H[LVWHP DOJXQV WLSRV
GHPDWHULDLVH[SORVLYRVTXHSRGHPVHUVHQVtYHLVjVPXGDQoDVEUXVFDVGHFDPSRHOpWULFRHRXUDGLDGR
YRVTXHSRGHPVH HUVH
VHQV
VH QVttYHLVjVPXGDQoDVEUXVFDVGHFDPS
QV
SRU FDPSR HOHWURPDJQpWLFR
DJQpWLFR LPSXOVLYR
LPSX
SXOV
SX OVLY
OV LYR
LY R FDXVDGR
R FDXV
XVDG
XV DGR SHOD
DG S OD GHVFDUJD
SH D DWPRVIpULFD
GHVVFDUJD DWPRVIpULFD 3RGH VHU QHFHVViULR
HVWDEHOHFHULQWHUOLJDo}HVDGLFLRQDLVRXRXWURVUHTXLVLWRVGHSURWHomRSDUDWDLVDSOLFDo}HV
o}HVDGLFFLR
LRQD
QDLV
QD LVRX
LV X RX
X RXWUURV UHTTXLVVLWRVV GH SURWH
HommR SD
S UDWDLV

3DUD HVWUXWXUDV FRQWHQGR


QWHQGR R PDWHULDO
PDW DO H[SORVLYR
D HULD H[SORV
H[ RVLYR R VyOLGR
VyOLLGRR XP
XP 63'$
3 $ LVRODGR
63' LVRO
RODG
RO D R FRPR
FRP GH¿QLGR HP  
p UHFRPHQGDGR (VWUXWXUDV
WUXWX
XUD V FRP
UDV FRP LQYyOXFUR
QYyOOXFUUR PHWiOLFR
LQ PHHWiOLFFR GH
GH  PP
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XU G DoR RX HTXLYDOHQWH
PPSDUDHVWUXWXUDVGHDOXPtQLR SRGHPVHUFRQVLGHUDGDVFRPRVHQGRVXEVLVWHPDGHFDSWDomR
UDV
VGHH DOXPPtQL
QLR SRGHPHP VHUFR RQVLGHHUDGGDVFFRPPRVH HQGR
G VX
QDWXUDOFRPRGH¿QLGRHP2VUHTXLVLWRVSDUDLQWHUOLJDomRjWHUUDFRQWLGDVHPVmRDSOLFiYHLV
GRRHP
RHP 2 2VUHT TXLVLWWRVSDUDDLQQWHUUOLJD
Dom
omRj
j WH
HUUDFFRQW
QWLG
LGDV
LG DV
para tais estruturas.

'LVSRVLWLYRVGHSURWHomRFRQWUDVXUWRV '36 HVSHFt¿FRVGHYHPVHULQVWDODGRVFRPRSDUWHLQWHJUDQWH


HomR FRQQWUD
DVX
VXUW
UWRV
RV '366 HVS
VSHFFt¿FRVGHYHP P VH HULQVVWDODGRV
GDSURWHomRGR63'$HPWRGRVRVORFDLVRQGHPDWHULDLVH[SORVLYRVHVWLYHUHPSUHVHQWHV
$HP
HPWRG
HP GRVVRVORFDDLVRQ
QGHH PDDWHUL
U DLVVH[[SORVVLYRVVHVWWLYH
HUHP

2QGHDSOLFiYHORV'36GHYHPVHUSRVLFLRQDGRVGRODGRH[WHUQRGRORFDORQGHRPDWHULDOH[SORVLYR
'36 6 GHYH HPVHU SR
RVLFFLR
RQDGGRVGR
RODG
D RH
DG H[WHUQQRG
GROR
RFDDORQG
VyOLGRHVWLYHUSUHVHQWH'36SRVLFLRQDGRVGHQWURGRVORFDLVRQGHKiH[SRVLomRGHPDWHULDOH[SORVLYR
QWWH '36SRVLFLRQD DGRVV GHQQWURGRVVORF
R DLLVRQG
GH KiH[[SRRVLomR
RXSUHVHQoDGHSyH[SORVLYRGHYHPVHULQVWDODGRVGHQWURGHLQYyOXFURjSURYDGHH[SORVmR
H[SSORV
RVLY
LYR
LY R GHYHPVH
HULQQVWDOD
DGRV GHQWUW RG
GHLQYYyOX
XFURj SURYD

D.5 Estruturas
s con
contendo
nten
ndo zon
zonas
nas
sdde
e risc
risco
co

D.5.1 Geral

7RGRVRVHOHPHQWRVGR63'$H[WHUQR VXEVLVWHPDVGHFDSWDomRHGHVFLGD GHYHP¿FDUDSHORPHQRV


GR63'$H[WHUQR VX VXEV
EVLV
EV LVWH
LV WHPD
WHPDVVGH
PD GH FDS
DSWD
WDom
WDomRHGHVFLGD GHY
om 
PGLVWDQWHGD]RQDGHULVFR2VFRQGXWRUHVLQVWDODGRVGHYHPWHUFRQWLQXLGDGHHOpWULFDDVVHJXUDGD
2QGHD]RQDGHULVFRHVWLYHUORFDOL]DGDGLUHWDPHQWHVREXPDSODFDGHPHWDOTXHSRVVDVHUSHUIXUDGD
SRU XPD GHVFDUJD DWPRVIpULFD YHU   HVWD GHYH VHU SURYLGD GH XP VXEVLVWHPD GH FDSWDomR
FRQIRUPHSUHVFULo}HVGH  

D.5.1.1 Proteção contra surtos

'LVSRVLWLYRVGHSURWHomRFRQWUDVXUWRVGHYHPVHUSRVLFLRQDGRVIRUDGD]RQDGHULVFRTXDQGRSUDWLFiYHO
'LVSRVLWLYRVGHSURWHomRFRQWUDVXUWRVORFDOL]DGRVGHQWURGD]RQDGHULVFRGHYHPVHUFHUWL¿FDGRVSDUD
IXQFLRQDPHQWRQHVVDFRQGLomRRXGHYHPVHUHQFDSVXODGRV(HVWHVLQYyOXFURVGHYHPVHUFHUWL¿FDGRV
SDUDHVVDXWLOL]DomR

D.5.1.2 Ligação equipotencial (equipotencialização)

/LJDo}HVHTXLSRWHQFLDLVGHYHPVHUH[HFXWDGDVSDUDRVLVWHPDGHSURWHomRFRQWUDGHVFDUJDVDWPRVIpULFDV
FRQIRUPHRVUHTXLVLWRVGHVWD1RUPDHGD$%171%5,(&DOpPGRVUHTXLVLWRVHVSHFt¿FRV
GHHTXLSRWHQFLDOL]DomRGH'

© ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados 43


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

$VFRQH[}HVHQWUHWXERVGHYHPVHUH[HFXWDGDVGHWDOIRUPDTXHTXDQGRGDSDVVDJHPGHFRUUHQWH
HOpWULFD RULJLQDGD SRU XPD GHVFDUJD DWPRVIpULFD QmR KDMD FHQWHOKDPHQWR $V FRQH[}HV VROGDGDV
DSDUDIXVDGDV RX ¿[DGDV PHFDQLFDPHQWH FRP JUDPSRV HQWUH RV ÀDQJHV VmR DSURSULDGDV SDUD
HTXLSRWHQFLDOL]DomRGRVWXERV$VFRQH[}HVSRUPHLRGHJUDPSRVVRPHQWHVmRSHUPLWLGDVVHWLYHUHP
FRPSURYDGDVVXDVXSRUWDELOLGDGHjVFRUUHQWHVHOpWULFDVGDGHVFDUJDDWPRVIpULFDHVWDH¿FLrQFLDSRGH
VHUFRPSURYDGDSRUHQVDLRVHSURFHGLPHQWRVSUHYLDPHQWHUHDOL]DGRV$VMXQo}HV jumpers) devem ser
UHDOL]DGDVSDUDRDFRSODPHQWRHQWUHÀDQJHVHOLJDomRGRVWXERVHWDQTXHVjWHUUD

D.5.2 Estruturas contendo zonas 2 e zona 22

(VWUXWXUDV RQGH H[LVWDP ]RQDV GH¿QLGDV FRPR ]RQD  H ]RQD  SRGHP QmR UHTXHUHU PHGLGDV
GHSURWHomRVXSOHPHQWDU

FRQVWUXtGDVHPHVWUXWX
WXUD
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HWiO
iOLF
iO LFFD S
SRU
R H[HPSORFROXQDV
,QVWDODo}HVLQGXVWULDLVFRQVWUXtGDVHPHVWUXWXUDPHWiOLFD SRUH[HPSORFROXQDVH[WHUQDVUHDWRUHV
FRQWDLQHUHVFRP]RQDH]RQD FRPHVSHVVXUDHPDWHULDOHQFRQWUDGRQD7DEHODGHYHPVHJXLU
H]RQD FRP
P HV
HVSH
S VVXUDHPDWHULDOHQFRQWUDGRQD7DE
SH
DVVHJXLQWHVDSOLFDo}HVV

௘D  QmRpQHFHVViULDDLQVWDODomRGHVXEVLVWHPDVGHFDSWDomRHGHVFLGD
DLQVWDOD
Dom
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R HPDV GHFFDSWDomR
RH GHVVFLGD
D

௘E  LQVWDODo}HVLQGXVWULDLVGHYHPVHULQWHUOLJDGDVDRDWHUUDPHQWRFRQIRUPHD6HomR
ULDLVV GH
GHYH
YHPVVHU
YH VHU
ULQWWHUOLLJD
DGD
DVDRDWWHUUUDPH
PHQWWRFRQ
PH QIRUP
PHD 6H

D.5.3 Estruturas co
contendo
ontendo zzonas
onas
s 1 e zo
zona
ona 2
211

3DUD HVWUXWXUDV RQGH H[LVWDP


H[[LVW
VWDP
DP ]RQDV
DP ]RQ
RQDV
DV GH¿QLGDV
GH¿
H QLG
GDV FRPR
FRP
PR ]RQD
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H ]RQD
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DSOLF DV PHGLGDV
UHTXHULGDVSDUD]RQDH]RQDFRPDDGLomRDVHJXLU
 H ]RQD FRPDDGLommRDVH
VHJX
VH XLU

'HYHP VHU WRPDGDV PHGLGDV


PHG
PH GLGDV HVSHFt¿FDV
HVVSHFt¿FFDV GHGH SURWHomRR TXDQGR KRXYHU
SURWHoomR RXYHU SHoDV
KR SHoDV LVRODGDV DR ORQJR
GD WXEXODomR 3RU H[HPSOR
PSOOR XPD
XPD GHVFDUJD
GHVFDUJ JD GLVUXSWLYD
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D.5.4 Estruturas cont


contendo
tendo zzonas
onas
s 0 e zo
zona
ona 20
0

3DUD HVWUXWXUDV RQGH H[LVWDP


H[LVWDP iUHDV
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VHU DSURSULDGRV SDUD HVVD XWLOL]DomR 0HGLGDV SDUD SURWHomR FRQWUD GHVFDUJDV DWPRVIpULFDV
GHYHPVHUWRPDGDVFRQIRUPHDVFDUDFWHUtVWLFDVGDFRQVWUXomR

௘E  FRQWrLQHUHV IHFKDGRV GH DoR FRP iUHDV LQWHUQDV GH¿QLGDV FRPR ]RQD  H ]RQD  GHYHP
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GHGHVFDUJDDWPRVIpULFD6HDVSDUHGHVWLYHUHPHVSHVVXUDLQIHULRUjHVSHFL¿FDGDXPVXEVLVWHPD
GHFDSWDomRGHYHVHULQVWDODGR

D.5.5 $SOLFDo}HVHVSHFt¿FDV

D.5.5.1 Postos de abastecimento de combustível

1RV SRVWRV GH DEDVWHFLPHQWR SDUD FDUURV WUHQV QDYLRV HWF FRP iUHDV GH ULVFR GH¿QLGDV
FRPR ]RQD  H ]RQD  RV WXERV GH PHWDO GHYHP VHU OLJDGRV j WHUUD GH DFRUGR FRP D 6HomR 

44 © ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

$V OLQKDV GH HQFDPLQKDPHQWR GH WXEXODo}HV GHYHP VHU FRQHFWDGDV D HVWUXWXUDV GH DoR H WULOKRV
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GH63'$LVRODGRFDOFXODGRFRQIRUPHHVSHFL¿FDo}HVGHVWD1RUPD

D.5.5.2 Tanques de armazenamento

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4XDQGR XPD HVFDGD PyYHO QmR p PRQWDGD QR WDQTXH GH WHWR ÀXWXDQWH XP RX PDLV GHSHQGHQGR
GDV GLPHQV}HV GR WDQTXH  FRQGXWRUHV ÀH[tYHLV GH HTXLSRWHQFLDOL]DomR GH  PP2 devem ser
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GHPHQWUHDSHULIHULDGRWHWRÀXWXDQWHHDSDUHGHGRWDQTXH$VHOHomRGRPDWHULDOpGDGDSHOR
SURGXWRDUPD]HQDGRQRWDQTXHHRXUHTXLVLWRVDPELHQWDLV$OWHUQDWLYDVSDUDSURYHUXPDDGHTXDGD
FRQH[mRHQWUHRWHWRÀXWXDQWHHDSDUHGHGRWDQTXHFRPUHODomRjFRQGXomRGDVFRUUHQWHVGHLPSXOVR
DVVRFLDGDV D GHVFDUJDV DWPRVIpULFDV VRPHQWH VHUmR SHUPLWLGDV VH GHPRQVWUDGDV FRP VXFHVVR
HPHQVDLRVHVHHVVHVSURFHGLPHQWRVIRUHPXWLOL]DGRVSDUDDVVHJXUDUDFRQ¿DELOLGDGHGDFRQH[mR

© ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados 45


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

D.5.5.3 /LQKDVGHWXEXODo}HV

$VOLQKDVGHWXEXODo}HVPHWiOLFDVH[WHUQDVDRVSURFHVVRVLQGXVWULDLVGHYHPHVWDUFRQHFWDGDVDRHOHWURGR
GHDWHUUDPHQWRDFDGDPRXVHUHPLQWHUOLJDGDVDRQtYHOGRVRORDHOHPHQWRVMiDWHUUDGRVRXVHUHP
DWHUUDGDVFRPHOHWURGRYHUWLFDO2VLWHQVDVHJXLUVmRDSOLFiYHLVSDUDOLQKDVORQJDVTXHWUDQVSRUWDP
OtTXLGRVLQÀDPiYHLV

௘D  HP HVWDo}HV GH ERPEHDPHQWR SDUWHV GH HVFRDPHQWR H LQVWDODo}HV VLPLODUHV WRGRV RV WXERV
SULQFLSDLV LQFOXLQGR DV EOLQGDJHQV PHWiOLFDV GHYHP VHU LQWHUOLJDGRV SRU FRQGXWRUHV GH VHomR
WUDQVYHUVDOGHSHORPHQRVPP2

௘E  DV FRQH[}HV GH LQWHUOLJDomR GH SDUWHV PHWiOLFDV VHSDUDGDV SRU HOHPHQWR LVRODQWH GHYHP VHU
H[HFXWDGDVGHIRUPDDQmRVHVROWDUHP FRPVROGDRXFRPSDUDIXVRVHSRUFDVDXWRDWDUUDFKDQWHV 
3HoDVLVRODGDVGHYHPVHULQWHUOLJDGDVD¿PGHHYLWDUFHQWHOKDPHQWRVSHULJRVRV
YHPVHULQWHUOLJDGDVD¿PGH H HYYLWLWDUFHQWHOKDPHQWRVSHULJR

46 © ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

Anexo E
(vago)

© ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados 47


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

Anexo F
(normativo)

Ensaio de continuidade elétrica das armaduras

F.1 Introdução
2XVRGDVDUPDGXUDVGRFRQFUHWRFRPRSDUWHLQWHJUDQWHGR63'$QDWXUDOGHYHVHUHVWLPXODGRGHVGH
TXHVHMDPVHJXLGDVDVUHFRPHQGDo}HVGHVFULWDVQD1RUPDHFRPSOHPHQWDGDVQHVWH$QH[R

e LPSRUWDQWH DQDOLVDU R SURMHWR HVWUXWXUDO


DO GD
HVWUXWXUDO GD HGL¿FDomR
HGL¿
HG L¿FDomR
L¿ m YLVDQGR
YLVD
LVD
VDQG HQVDLR GDV HVWUXWXUDV
Q R DX[LOLDU R HQ
do concreto armado.

F.1.1 $GH¿QLomRGRVSLODUHVXWLOL]DGRVpIHLWDVHSRVVtYHOSRUPHLRGDDQiOLVHGRSURMHWRHVWUXWXUDO
RVSLODUHVV XWL
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UH
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PD SULRULWiULD
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FRQ
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ULFD
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HU UHD
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H RV
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nesta Norma sendo:

௘D  FRQGXWRUHVGHGHVFLGDVFRQIRUPH
VFLG
GDV
DVFR
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௘E  VXEVLVWHPDGHDWHUUDPHQWRFRQIRUPH
UUD
DPH
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F.2 3URFHGLPHQWRSDUDDSULPHLUDYHUL¿FDomR
W L L L¿ m

F.2.1 Objetivo
$ SULPHLUD YHUL¿FDomR WHP SRU REMHWLYR GHWHUPLQDU VH p SRVVtYHO XWLOL]DU DV DUPDGXUDV GR FRQFUHWR
DUPDGRFRPRSDUWHLQWHJUDQWHGR63'$HSRVVLELOLWDUDLGHQWL¿FDomRGHTXDLVSLODUHVGHYHPVHUXWLOL-
]DGRVHPSURMHWR

F.2.2 Pontos de medição


$ FRQWLQXLGDGH HOpWULFD GDV DUPDGXUDV GH XPD HGL¿FDomR GHYH VHU GHWHUPLQDGD PHGLQGRVH
FRP R LQVWUXPHQWR DGHTXDGR D UHVLVWrQFLD {KPLFD HQWUH VHJPHQWRV GD HVWUXWXUD H[HFXWDQGRVH
GLYHUVDVPHGLo}HVHQWUHWUHFKRVGLIHUHQWHV

7RGRV RV SLODUHV TXH VHUmR FRQHFWDGRV DR VXEVLVWHPD GH FDSWDomR GHYHP VHU LQGLYLGXDOPHQWH
YHUL¿FDGRV D PHQRV TXH GXUDQWH D PHGLomR GH HGL¿FDo}HV H[WHQVDV SHUtPHWURV VXSHULRUHV

 © ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

D  P  H TXH D PHGLomR HP SHOR PHQRV   GR WRWDO GH SLODUHV D VHUHP XWLOL]DGRV UHVXOWDU
HPYDORUHVQDPHVPDRUGHPGHJUDQGH]DHTXHQHQKXPUHVXOWDGRVHMDPDLRUTXHȍRQ~PHUR
GHPHGLo}HVSRGHVHUUHGX]LGR

0HGLo}HVFUX]DGDVRXVHMDSDUWHVXSHULRUGHXPSLODUFRQWUDSDUWHLQIHULRUGHXPRXWURSLODUGHYHP
VHUUHDOL]DGDVSDUDYHUL¿FDULQWHUOLJDo}HVHQWUHSLODUHV

0HGLo}HVVRPHQWHQDSDUWHLQIHULRUVmRQHFHVViULDVSDUDYHUL¿FDomRGDFRQWLQXLGDGHGHEDOGUDPHV
HWUHFKRVGDIXQGDomR

0HGLo}HVHPWUHFKRVLQWHUPHGLiULRVGRVSLODUHVVmRQHFHVViULDVSDUDYHUL¿FDomRGHHYHQWXDLVSRQWRV
de descontinuidade na armadura.

2VSRQWRVGHFRQH[mRGRVXEVLVWHPDGHFDSWDomRFRPRSLODUGHYHPVHURVPHVPRVXWLOL]DGRVQRVHQVDLRV

F.2.3 Procedimento
ento para m
medição
edição

F.2.3.1 Edifício em cons


construção
str
truç

ção

6HIRUSRVVtYHODFRPSDQKDUDFRQVWUXomRGRHGLItFLRYHUL¿FDUVHDVFRQGLo}HVSUHYLVWDVSDUDRXVR
PSDQK
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Lo
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RWRV
RVLGH
RV GHQWL¿
GH L¿FD
L¿ DQGRRRV ORFFDLVV1HHVWH FD
DVRR DSUULPH HLUD YHUL¿
L¿¿FD
FDoo

F.2.3.2 Edifício já construído


á co
connstrruído
do

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HU FRQVWUUXtG
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rQFFLDVGH TXHDVFFRQGGLo}H
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RQFFUHW
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D YHUL¿¿FDom
mR GHYHVHUUUHDO
neste Anexo.

1HVWH FDVR LGHQWL¿FDU


FDUU RVV SLODUHV
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WRUHVWHUPPLQLQDL
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XPHVTXHP

C1 A
P1
V
P2
C2 G

Figura F.1 – Método de medição

© ABNT 2015 - Todos os direitos reservados 49


ABNT NBR 5419-3:2015

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