Anda di halaman 1dari 10

Subject: Physics Form 5 “If you can’t explain it simply, you don’t PUSAT TUISYEN NEWTON

understand it well enough” ~ Albert Einstein ~ No. 17A, Jalan Indah 16/12, Taman Bukit Indah
Chapter: Electricity Contact: 07-2349168

Chapter 2: Electricity 5. A battery can supply a current of 3.0 A for 12 hours. Determine the
total charge that flows in the circuit which is connected to the battery
Part 1: Electric Field and Charge Flow
for 12 hours.
1. A colour TV draws 1.5A of current. The TV is switched on for 30
minutes, how much of electrical charge passes through it?

2. It is found that in 15 minutes, 9000 C of charge flows through a light


bulb. Find the amount of current produced. 6. A conductor which carries 1.0 x 10-9 C of electric charge is connected
across a galvanometer. The current detected is 1 microampere.
(a) What is the time taken for that amount of charge to flow through the
galvanometer?
(b) Determine the amount of electrons flowing through the galvanometer.
3. Given that the amount of charge carried by one electron 1.6 x 10-19 C,
[Charge of one electron = 1.6 x 10-19 C]
calculate the number of electrons in 10 C of charge.

4. How much charge flow in there in a circuit when 250 mA of current


passes through a bulb for 1 minute and 20 seconds?
Subject: Physics Form 5 “If you can’t explain it simply, you don’t PUSAT TUISYEN NEWTON
understand it well enough” ~ Albert Einstein ~ No. 17A, Jalan Indah 16/12, Taman Bukit Indah
Chapter: Electricity Contact: 07-2349168

Part 2: Ohm’s Law 10. What is the work done to move 2 C of electrical charge through a
potential difference of 10 V?
7. When a bulb is connected to a battery, it is found 50 coulomb of charge
flow through the bulb. The electrical energy carried by the charge after
passing through the bulb which is dissipated as heat and light energy is
250 J. what is the potential difference across the bulb?
11. What is the energy transfer when 3 C of charge moves through a
potential difference of 50 V?

8. A potential difference of 240 V is applied across a lamp. How much


electrical energy is changed into heat and light energy when a current
of 2.0A flows through the lamp for 1 minute? 12. A charged particle of the 2.4 x 10-4 C moves from point P to point Q
which has a potential difference of 20 V.
(a) How much energy is needed to move the particle from P to Q?
(b) If the time taken for the movement is 0.02 s, what is the current flowing
through PQ?

9. What is the potential difference across a light bulb of resistance 10Ω


when the current flowing through it is 0.2 A?
Subject: Physics Form 5 “If you can’t explain it simply, you don’t PUSAT TUISYEN NEWTON
understand it well enough” ~ Albert Einstein ~ No. 17A, Jalan Indah 16/12, Taman Bukit Indah
Chapter: Electricity Contact: 07-2349168

13. When a current of 2.0A is supplied to a motor which is used to drive a 15. A battery can do 3.0 J of work to move 1 C of charge through it.
machine, a mass of 2.0 kg is lifted up for 5.0 m in 2.0s in a uniform (a) What is the potential difference across the battery terminals?
velocity. Assuming that the machine is 100 % efficient, what is the (b) When the battery is connected in series with a wire in a circuit, 300 C
potential difference across the terminals of the motor? of charge has moved through the wire. How much electrical energy is
supplied by the battery?
(c) If the current flow in the circuit is 2.0 A, determine the time taken for
300 C of charge to move through the wire.

14. Diagram 1 shows a conductor with an ammeter connected in series with


a battery in a circuit. A voltmeter is connected parallel to the conductor
and the ammeter reading is 3.0A.
(a) What is the total amount of charge flowing through the conductor if the
circuit is switched on for 5 minutes?
(b) If 10800 J of energy is produced in the conductor, what is the reading
of the voltmeter?
16. Diagram 2 shows a heater which is used to heat up 200 g of water for 5
minutes. The temperature of the water rises from 28ᵒC to 33ᵒC and the
current flow in the circuit is 2.0 A.
(a) What is the heat energy supplied by the heater?
Subject: Physics Form 5 “If you can’t explain it simply, you don’t PUSAT TUISYEN NEWTON
understand it well enough” ~ Albert Einstein ~ No. 17A, Jalan Indah 16/12, Taman Bukit Indah
Chapter: Electricity Contact: 07-2349168

(b) What is the amount of charge flow in the circuit for 5 minutes? Part 3: Series and Parallel Circuit
(c) Hence, determine the potential difference across the electric heater.
[specific heat capacity of water = 4200 kg‫־‬¹ ᵒC‫־‬¹]

18. Three resistors R1 = 1Ω, R2 = 3Ω, and R3 = 6Ω are connected in series


to a 20 V battery as shown in the diagram. Calculate
(a) The total resistance of the circuit,
(b) The current, I
(c) The potential difference across each resistor, V1, V2 and V3.

17. A resistor has a resistance of 5.0 x 106 Ω. If the potential difference


across the resistor is 500 kV, calculate the total amount of current
flowing through it.
Subject: Physics Form 5 “If you can’t explain it simply, you don’t PUSAT TUISYEN NEWTON
understand it well enough” ~ Albert Einstein ~ No. 17A, Jalan Indah 16/12, Taman Bukit Indah
Chapter: Electricity Contact: 07-2349168

20. In the following circuits, determine reading of the ammeter which is


marked “?”.

19. Three resistors R1 = 1Ω, R2 = 3Ω, and R3 = 6Ω are connected in parallel


to a 20 V battery as shown in the diagram. Calculate
(a) The potential difference across each resistor,
(b) The total resistance of the circuit,
(c) The current I, in the circuit
(d) The current that passed through each resistor i1, i2, and i3.
Subject: Physics Form 5 “If you can’t explain it simply, you don’t PUSAT TUISYEN NEWTON
understand it well enough” ~ Albert Einstein ~ No. 17A, Jalan Indah 16/12, Taman Bukit Indah
Chapter: Electricity Contact: 07-2349168

21. In the following circuits, determine reading of the voltmeter which is 22. For the following arrangements of the resistors, determine the effective
marked “?”. resistance across point X and point Y.
Subject: Physics Form 5 “If you can’t explain it simply, you don’t PUSAT TUISYEN NEWTON
understand it well enough” ~ Albert Einstein ~ No. 17A, Jalan Indah 16/12, Taman Bukit Indah
Chapter: Electricity Contact: 07-2349168

23. In the following circuits, determine the unknown quantities, i.e. the
values of V, I, and R.
Subject: Physics Form 5 “If you can’t explain it simply, you don’t PUSAT TUISYEN NEWTON
understand it well enough” ~ Albert Einstein ~ No. 17A, Jalan Indah 16/12, Taman Bukit Indah
Chapter: Electricity Contact: 07-2349168

24. For the circuit shown in Diagram 1, the reading of the ammeter is 2.0 A
when the switch is closed. Determine
(a) The total resistance in the circuit,
(b) The resistance of resistor R,
(c) The reading of voltmeter which is connected across the resistor R.
Subject: Physics Form 5 “If you can’t explain it simply, you don’t PUSAT TUISYEN NEWTON
understand it well enough” ~ Albert Einstein ~ No. 17A, Jalan Indah 16/12, Taman Bukit Indah
Chapter: Electricity Contact: 07-2349168

25. A circuit is connected as shown in Diagram 2. What is the reading of


voltmeter
(a) When the switch is closed?
(b) When the switch is opened?

27. Two identical resistors are connected in series with and ammeter with
negligible resistance and they are connected to a 6V battery as shown
in Diagram 6(a). The reading of the ammeter is 3.0 A. the circuit is then
rearranged to another circuit as shown in Diagram 6(b). What is the
reading of ammeter now?

26. Five identical resistors are connected to a power source as shown in


Diagram 4. If the reading of ammeter A1 is 1.2 A, what is the reading
of ammeter A2?
Subject: Physics Form 5 “If you can’t explain it simply, you don’t PUSAT TUISYEN NEWTON
understand it well enough” ~ Albert Einstein ~ No. 17A, Jalan Indah 16/12, Taman Bukit Indah
Chapter: Electricity Contact: 07-2349168

29. Diagram 8 shows a network of resistors which is connected across a


28. In the circuit shown in Diagram 7, the reading of the ammeter is I1
battery of V volts. If the reading of ammeter A1 is 1.0 x 10² mA,
when the switch is opened and I2 when the switch is closed. Neglecting
calculate
the internal resistance in the cell, determine the ratio I1:I2
(a) The value of V,
(b) The current flowing through the 30 Ω resistor
(c) The current flowing through ammeter A2.