Anda di halaman 1dari 12

A.

Hasil Praktikum
1. Data operasional (Tabel data)
DATA OPERASI TURBIN GAS

PARAMETER SATUAN 1 2 3 4 5
Cp (KOMPRESI) KJ/Kg K 1.005 1.005 1.005 1.005 1.005
Cp (EKSPANSI) KJ/Kg K 1.148 1.148 1.148 1.148 1.148
K (EKSPANSI) 1.333 1.333 1.333 1.333 1.333
K (KOMPRESI) 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
P0 Kpa 10.34 10.34 10.34 10.34 10.34
P1 KPa 91.011 89.63 91.011 90.32 90.32
P5 Kpa 132.4 128.9 132.4 130.3 131.7
T1 K 301.889 303 304.11 303 302.44
P4 Kpa 316.1 307.175 312.33 307.32 311.589
T2 K 523.13871 525.040986 527.194247 524.5447 525.0435
P2 Kpa 670.2 659.8 670.9 662.6 669.5
T5 K 728 731.47 736.33 735.92 731.89
T4 K 901.33 905.22 909.11 908 904.11
NPT RPM 5320 5312 5302 5308 5313
NGG RPM 7571.4 7547.2 7589.6 7322.9 7559.3
POWER KW 11259.32 11057.24 11189.97 11008.77 11354.77
m FUEL Scf/h 108375 148416.7 165916.7 166333.3 168958.3

Effesiensi Kompresor 0.869172256 0.85224903 0.853661796 0.852909 0.853674


Effesiensi Turbin 0.9001923975 0.89883999 0.899367092 0.8989 0.899439
Effesiensi Siklus 0.5613602535 0.574519 0.564562931 0.569899 0.564474

Grafik Hubungan Pemakaian Bahan Bakar denga


ηC, ηT , ηSiklus
1
0.9 Grafik Hubungan Putar
0.8 Efisiensi Tu
0.7 1
0.6 0.9
Efisiensi (%)

0.5 0.8
0.4 0.7
0.3 0.6
0.2
Efisiensi (%)

0.5
0.1 0.4
0 0.3
8 7 3 2 9 2 1 4 8 7 9 6 4 9 7 8 6 9 8 3
72 1.4 6.3 5.9 1.8 7.7 6.9 1.50.26.3 7.4 2.6 1.9 .01 .88 .16 .77 .98 .48 .37 .83 .
73 73 73 73 73 73 73 0.1 73 72 73 73 624 624 626 624 621 619 629 617 623
0
8 7 3 m2 Fuel 2 1 4 8 7 9 6 4
9 (Scf/h)
72 1.4 6.3 5.9 1.8 7.7 6.9 1.5 6.3 7.4 2.6 1.9 .01
7 7 7 7 7 73 73 73 72 73 73 624 62
3 3 3 3 3

ηC ηT ηSi kl us m Fuel

ηT
0
8 7 3 m2 Fuel 2 1 4 8 7 9 6 4
9 (Scf/h)
72 1.4 6.3 5.9 1.8 7.7 6.9 1.5 6.3 7.4 2.6 1.9 .01
7 7 7 7 7 73 73 73 72 73 73 624 62
3 3 3 3 3

ηC ηT ηSi kl us m Fuel

ηT
0
NGG 108375 7571.4 0.86917226 0.43473235
148416.7 7547.2 0.86917803 0.43467596
165916.7 7589.6 0.869155 0.43490092
166333.3 7322.9 0.86923479 0.43412101
168958.3 7559.3 0.86906351 0.43579348
169375 7530 0.86918141 0.43464293
169375 7565.4 0.86913775 0.43506927
Grafik Hubungan Putaran NGG dengan
169541.7 7583.6 0.86905568 0.4358698
Efisiensi Kompresor
170333.3 7423 0.86913775 0.43506927
0.8697
0.8696 170375 7604.8 0.86926862 0.43379
0.8695 170708.3 7565.4 0.86913282 0.43511748
0.8694
0.8693 170875 7607.8 0.86946536 0.4318602
Efisiensi (%)

0.8692 171208.3 7574.5 0.86948672 0.43165019


0.8691
171291.7 7607.8 0.86931361 0.43334938
0.869
0.8689 171708.3 7547.2 0.86926267 0.43384826
0.8688 172041.7 7553.3 0.86946536 0.4318602
0.8687
.4 .2 .6 .9172458.3
.3 30 .4 .6 23 .7571.4 Grafik Hubungan Putaran dengan
8 .4 .80.86931963
.5 .8 .2 .3 0.43329045
.4 .5 .2 .4 .5 35 88 47 29 20
71 547 589 322 559 75 565 583 74 604 565 607 574 607 547 553 571 577 544 568 574 75 75 75 75 75
5
7 7 7 7 7173583.3 7 7 7 7 70.86940342
7 7577.5 Efisiensi Kompresor
7 7 7 7 0.43246865
7 7 7 7
173708.6 1 7544.2 0.86957365
m Fuel (Scf/h)
0.43079453
173833.3 0.9 7568.4 0.86926162 0.43385856
0.8
173953.3 0.7 7574.5 0.86932846 0.43320388
0.6 ηC
174291.7 0.5 7535 0.86947746 0.43174121
Efisiensi (%)

174458.3 0.4 7588 0.86918107 0.43464625


0.3
174541.7 0.2 7547 0.86926162 0.43385856
175583.3 0.1 7529 0.86925755 0.43389841
0
176708.3 .4 7520 .6 0.86941103
.3 .4 0.43239387
23 5.
4
4.
5
7.
2
1.
4
4.
2
4.
5 88
5 71 89 5 59 65 74 6 7 4 7 4 7 75
7 7 5 7 7 5 75 75 75 75 75 75

NGG (rpm)

ηC
6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
1.005 1.005 1.005 1.005 1.005 1.005 1.005 1.005 1.005 1.005
1.148 1.148 1.148 1.148 1.148 1.148 1.148 1.148 1.148 1.148
1.333 1.333 1.333 1.333 1.333 1.333 1.333 1.333 1.333 1.333
1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
10.34 10.34 10.34 10.34 10.34 10.34 10.34 10.342 11.032 10.342
91.7 91.011 89.63 91.011 92.39 90.32 89.63 93.5725 93.1807 93.5725
133.1 133.8 130.3 131.7 133.1 131 128.9 126.174 127.553 128.243
302.78 304.889 303.889 304.722 301.5 304.22 304.667 303.889 301.056 301.667
313.0776 319.936 310.381 315.54 332.75 315.163 309.01 581.745 562.243 571.463
524.6027 528.6965 527.6555 528.4069 521.572 527.5798 528.1115 553.1506 546.3262 548.5748
674.9 671.6 664.7 671.6 676.4 666.7 660.5 676.0724 680.334 685.304
737.72 736.91 731.54 736.38 727.47 732.69 731.96 624.014 624.889 626.167
910.167 912.778 905.22 912.667 911 908.5 907.28 914.111 905.167 909.5
5330 5330 5330 5311.8 5312.1 5312.1 5311.5 5312.4 5312.4 5312.4
7530 7565.4 7583.6 7423 7604.8 7565.4 7607.8 7574.5 7607.8 7547.2
11087.69 10829.05 10811.16 10571.04 10347.33 10568.06 9502.453 12714.22 12729.88 13439.75
169375 169375 169541.7 170333.3 170375 170708.3 170875 171208.3 171291.7 171708.3

0.85425 0.854146 0.85273 0.853216 0.854507 0.852991 0.851913 0.850758 0.852 0.852206
0.899674 0.900255 0.899068 0.899699 0.902447 0.899715 0.898845 0.921841 0.921052 0.921495
0.560339 0.561084 0.571157 0.567735 0.558473 0.569322 0.576847 0.584734 0.576246 0.574817

aian Bahan Bakar dengan Grafik Hubungan Putara


, ηSiklus
Grafik Hubungan Putaran NGG dengan 1
Efisiensi Turbin 0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
Efisiensi (%)

Grafik Hubungan Pemakaian0.5 Bahan Bakar dengan

Efisiensi0.4
Turbin
0.3
0.925 0.2
0.92 0.1
6 4 9 7 8 6 9 8 3 6 2 9 5 4 1
.9 .01 .88 .16 .77 .98 .48 .37 .83 .55 .72 .88 7.2 62 19. 0.915 0
4 4 6 4 1 9 9 7 3 9 8 2 6 .4 .2 .6 .9 .3 30 .4 .6 23 .8 .4
62 62 62 62 62 61 62 61 62 61 60 6 0.91 71 547 589 322 559 75 565 583 74 604 565
5
7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7
Efisiensi (%)

0.905
m2 Fuel 72 91 54 38 47 69 96 14 89 67 78 86 89 78 833 556 722 889 .25 624 9.1
89 (Scf/h)
31. 37. 36. 31. 36. 27. 32. 31. 4.0 4.8 6.1 4.7 1.9 9.4 9.3Grafik
7. 3. 9Hubungan
. 8. 27 61Putaran NGG dengan N
7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 62 62 62 62 62 61 62 61 62 61 600.9 6
0.895 Efisiensi Siklus
ηT ηSi kl us m Fuel (Scf/h)1 0.89
ηC
0.9
0.885
0.8 8 7 3 2 9 2 1 4 8 7 9 6 4 9 7 8 6 9 8 3 6 2 9
ηT 0.7 72 1.4 6.3 5.9 1.8 7.7 6.9 1.5 6.3 7.4 2.6 1.9 .01 .88 .16 .77 .98 .48 .37 .83 .55 .72 .88 7
73 73 73 73 73 73 73 73 72 73 73 624 624 626 624 621 619 629 617 623 619 608 62
0.6
(%)

0.5
7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7

Efisiensi (%)
0.905
m2 Fuel 72 91 54 38 47 69 96 14 89 67 78 86 89 78 833 556 722 889 .25 624 9.1
89 (Scf/h)
31. 37. 36. 31. 36. 27. 32. 31. 4.0 4.8 6.1 4.7 1.9 9.4 9.3Grafik
7. 3. 9Hubungan
. 8. 27 61Putaran NGG dengan N
7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 62 62 62 62 62 61 62 61 62 61 600.9 6
0.895 Efisiensi Siklus
ηT ηSi kl us m Fuel (Scf/h)1 0.89
ηC
0.9
0.885
0.8 8 7 3 2 9 2 1 4 8 7 9 6 4 9 7 8 6 9 8 3 6 2 9
ηT 0.7 72 1.4 6.3 5.9 1.8 7.7 6.9 1.5 6.3 7.4 2.6 1.9 .01 .88 .16 .77 .98 .48 .37 .83 .55 .72 .88 7
73 73 73 73 73 73 73 73 72 73 73 624 624 626 624 621 619 629 617 623 619 608 62
0.6 Grafik Hubungan Pemakaian Bahan Ba
Efisiensi (%)
0.5
0.4
m Fuel (Scf/h) Efisiensi Siklus
0.3
0.2 1
ηT
Grafik Hubungan Pemakaian
0.1
0
0.9
0.8 Efisiensi Tu
.4 .2 .6 .9 .3 30 .4 .6 20.7 3 .8 .4 .8 .5 .8 .2 .3 .4 .5 .21 .4 .5 35 88 47 29 20
71 547 589 322 559 75 565 583 74 0.6
04 65 07 74 07 47 53 71 77 44 568 574 75 75 75 75 75
5
7 7 7 7 7 7 7 76 75 76 75 76 75 75 75 75 75 0.9 7 7
0.5
0.8

Efisiensi (%)
0.4
0.3 NGG (rpm) 0.7
0.2 0.6
0.5

Efisiensi (%)
0.1
0 0.4
ηSi kl us 0.3
0.2
0.1
0
.4 .6 .3 .4 23 5.
4
Grafik Hubungan Pemakaian Bahan Bakar dengan7m1 Fuel5(Scf/h)
89 59 65 74 6 74
7 5 7 7 5 7 5 75 75
Efisiensi Siklus
0.68 ηSiklus m Fuel
0.66
0.64
0.62 ηT
an dengan
47 29 20
0.6
Efisiensi (%)

75 75 75
esor 0.58
0.56
0.54
0.52
0.5
8 7 3 2 9 2 1 4 8 7 9 6 4 9 7 8 6 9 8 3 6 2 9 5 4 .1
72 1.4 6.3 5.9 1.8 7.7 6.9 1.5 6.3 7.4 2.6 1.9 .01 .88 .16 .77 .98 .48 .37 .83 .55 .72 .88 7.2 62 19
73 73 73 73 73 73 73 73 72 73 73 624 624 626 624 621 619 629 617 623 619 608 62 6

m Fuel (Scf/h)

2 4 2 5 88 29 ηSikl us ηSi kl us
7. 1. 4. 4.
7 4 7 75 75
75 75 75

Grafik Hubungan Pemakaian Bahan Bakar deng


Efisiensi Kompresor
1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
Efisiensi (%)

0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
8 7 3 2 9 2 1 4 8 7 9 6 4 9 7 8 6 9 8 3
72 1.4 6.3 5.9 1.8 7.7 6.9 1.5 6.3 7.4 2.6 1.9 .01 .88 .16 .77 .98 .48 .37 .83
73 73 73 73 73 73 73 73 72 73 73 624 624 626 624 621 619 629 617 623

m Fuel (Scf/h)
0.2

E
0.1
0
8 7 3 2 9 2 1 4 8 7 9 6 4 9 7 8 6 9 8 3
72 1.4 6.3 5.9 1.8 7.7 6.9 1.5 6.3 7.4 2.6 1.9 .01 .88 .16 .77 .98 .48 .37 .83
73 73 73 73 73 73 73 73 72 73 73 624 624 626 624 621 619 629 617 623

m Fuel (Scf/h)

ηC
16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
1.005 1.005 1.005 1.005 1.005 1.005 1.005 1.005 1.005 1.005
1.148 1.148 1.148 1.148 1.148 1.148 1.148 1.148 1.148 1.148
1.333 1.333 1.333 1.333 1.333 1.333 1.333 1.333 1.333 1.333
1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
10.342 11.721 11.721 10.342 10.342 11.032 10.342 9.653 10.342 10.342
92.8625 92.8625 94.281 93.5725 93.1807 93.5725 94.9903 92.8625 93.1807 92.8625
124.795 124.106 113.764 124.795 122.037 122.037 120.658 101.353 122.727 120.658
302.667 305.778 301.056 304.056 305.167 304.111 305.944 304.611 305.611 305
548.305 579.417 446.083 543.119 567.785 491.27 551.309 391.508 539.547 530.159
551.2833 554.9122 551.8036 555.3537 557.4613 566.81 557.6769 564.3704 555.993548 556.4712
671.811 677.764 684.641 672.522 682.478 682.581 686.701 683.4699 682.478 680.315
624.778 621.986 619.489 629.378 617.833 623.556 619.722 608.889 627.25 624
904.278 914 871.5 908.778 907.111 883 905.778 853.389 908 903.167
5274.1 5312.2 5144 5311.8 5267 5220 5244 5059.8 5305.7 5270.5
7553.3 7571.4 7577.5 7544.2 7568.4 7574.5 7535 7588 7547 7529
13332.37 13189.49 12875.25 12875.25 13190.69 12971.45 7968.549 13198.14 12506.88 12506.88
172041.7 172458.3 173583.3 173708.6 173833.3 173953.3 174291.7 174458.3 174541.7 175583.3

0.850331 0.849359 0.844924 0.850049 0.848444 0.848659 0.847583 0.836896 0.8487028 0.847774
0.919801 0.92158 0.911944 0.919178 0.920673 0.914633 0.919577 0.905869 0.918890585 0.918206
0.587613 0.594061 0.622045 0.589497 0.600028 0.598639 0.605551 0.667198 0.598351808 0.60433

Hubungan Putaran dengan ηC, ηT , ηSiklus

an Bakar dengan

6 .9 .3 30 .4 .6 23 .8 .4 .8 .5 .8 .2 .3 .4 .5 .2 .4 .5 35 88 47 29 20
322 559 75 565 583 74 604 565 607 574 607 547 553 571 577 544 568 574 75 75 75 75 75
7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7

NGG Putaran (rpm)

ηC ηT ηSi kl us

67 778 986 489 378 833 556 722 889 .25 624 9.1
4. 1. 9. 9. 7. 3. 9. 8. 27 61
62 62 61 62 61 62 61 60 6
7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7

NGG Putaran (rpm)

ηC ηT ηSi kl us

67 778 986 489 378 833 556 722 889 .25 624 9.1
4. 1. 9. 9. 7. 3. 9. 8. 27 61
62 62 61 62 61 62 61 60 6
emakaian Bahan Bakar dengan
)fisiensi Siklus

166333.3 7322.9 0.869235 0.434121 0.910667


ungan Pemakaian Bahan Bakar dengan
Efisiensi Turbin
88 47 29 20
75 75 75 75

3 4 23 4 5 2 4 2 5 88 29
9. 5. 5. 4. 7. 1. 4. 4.
5 6 74 6 7 4 7 4 7 75 75
75 75 75 75 75 75 75 75

m Fuel (Scf/h)

ηT

aian Bahan Bakar dengan


Kompresor

96 014 889 167 778 986 489 378 833 556 722 889 .25 624 9.1
4. 4. 6. 4. 1. 9. 9. 7. 3. 9. 8. 27 61
62 62 62 62 62 61 62 61 62 61 60 6

m Fuel (Scf/h)
96 014 889 167 778 986 489 378 833 556 722 889 .25 624 9.1
4. 4. 6. 4. 1. 9. 9. 7. 3. 9. 8. 27 61
62 62 62 62 62 61 62 61 62 61 60 6

m Fuel (Scf/h)

ηC
26
1.005
1.148
1.333
1.4
10.342
94.2811
123.416
305.278
580.341
554.6914
684.321
619.1
911.389
5312.5
7520
12203.65
176708.3

0.849116
0.921653
0.595657
174458.33 0.852249 0.8536618 0.8529095 0.8536743 0.8542497 0.8541465 0.8527304 0.8532159 0.8545073
173953.33 173953.33 173583.33 176708.33 170708.33 173833.33 172041.7 172458.3 168958.3 166333.3
173583.33
176708.33
170708.33
173833.33
172041.7
172458.3
168958.3
166333.3
165916.7
148416.7
170333.3
170875
175583.3
174291.7
170375
171291.7
173708.6
171708.3
171208.3
108375
174541.7
169375
169375
169541.7
0.8529913 0.8519131 0.8507585 0.852 0.8522061 0.8503305 0.8493591 0.844924 0.8500486 0.8484441
165916.7 148416.7 170333.3 170875 175583.3 174291.7 170375 171291.7 173708.6 171708.3
0.8486586 0.8475828 0.836896 0.8487028 0.8477744 0.849116
171208.3 108375 174541.7 169375 169375 169541.7