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# Conversion Factors

## Length Work and Energy

1 in.  2.54 cm 1 J  0.7376 ft lb  10 7 ergs
1 ft  0.3048 m 1 kcal  4186 J
1 mi  5280 ft  1.609 km 1 Btu  1055 J
1 m  3.281 ft 1 kWh  3.600  10 6 J
1 km  0.6214 mi 1 eV  1.602  1019 J
1 angstrom (Å)  1010 m
Power
Mass 1 hp  550 ft lb/s  745.7 W
1 slug  14.59 kg 1 W  0.7376 ft lb/s
1 kg  1000 grams  6.852  102 slug
Pressure
1 atomic mass unit (u)  1.6605  1027 kg
1 Pa  1 N/m 2  1.450  104 lb/in.2
(1 kg has a weight of 2.205 lb where the
acceleration due to gravity is 32.174 ft/s 2) 1 lb/in.2  6.895  10 3 Pa
1 atm  1.013  10 5 Pa  1.013 bar 
Time 14.70 lb/in.2  760 torr
1 d  24 h  1.44  10 3 min  8.64  10 4 s
1 yr  365.24 days  3.156  10 7 s Volume
1 liter  103 m 3  1000 cm 3  0.03531 ft 3
Speed 1 ft 3  0.02832 m 3  7.481 U.S. gallons
1 mi/h  1.609 km / h  1.467 ft/s  0.4470 m/s 1 U.S. gallon  3.785  103 m 3  0.1337 ft 3
1 km / h  0.6214 mi / h  0.2778 m/s  0.9113 ft/s
Angle
1 lb  4.448 N 1°  0.01745 radian
1 N  10 5 dynes  0.2248 lb

## Standard Prefixes Used

to Denote Multiples of Ten Basic Mathematical Formulas
Prefix Symbol Factor
Area of a circle  ␲r 2
Tera T 10 12 Circumference of a circle  2␲r
Giga G 10 9 Surface area of a sphere  4␲r 2
Mega M 10 6 Volume of a sphere  43  r 3
Kilo k 10 3 Pythagorean theorem: h2  ho2 ha2
Hecto h 10 2 Sine of an angle: sin ␪  ho /h
Deka da 10 1 Cosine of an angle: cos ␪  ha /h
Deci d 101 Tangent of an angle: tan ␪  ho /h a
Centi c 102 Law of cosines: c 2  a 2 b 2  2ab cos ␥
Milli m 103 Law of sines: a/sin ␣  b/sin ␤  c/sin ␥