Anda di halaman 1dari 6

TECNOLOGÍA Y AUTOMATIZACIÓN INDUSTRIAL (IN196)

EXAMEN PARCIAL
Ciclo 2016-02

Secciones : INA2, INA3, IXA1


Profesores : Klusmann Vieira, Hermann Mirko
Power Porto, George Félix
Duración : 110 minutos

Indicaciones:

 No está permitido el uso de ningún material de consulta (cuadernos, libros, diccionarios,


lecturas, etc.).
 No se permite el uso de calculadora científica o programable.
 No se permite el uso de teléfono celular o cualquier otro aparato electrónico durante el
examen, los cuales deben permanecer apagados y guardados.
 Escriba con lapicero azul o negro solo en los espacios indicados.
 Los exámenes resueltos con lápiz no tienen derecho a reclamo.

1 (4 p.) 2 (6 p.) 3 (5 p.) 4 (5 p.) Nota

1
PART 1 (4 pts.)

Multiple-choice questions (0.5 pts. each)

Which of the following were the driving An instrument labeled I/P means
forces that started the industrial revolution? a) Indicator of pressure
I. Abundance of coal b) Integral pressure
II. Technological supremacy c) Current pressure
III. Need for mechanization d) Current to pressure transducer
e) None of the above
a) I and II
b) I, II and III According to ISA S5.1 an alarm of very high
c) I and III concentration must be labeled as
d) II and III a) VHCA
e) None of the above b) CAHH
c) AAHH
The centrifugal speed governor was one the d) ACVH
important improvements of the steam engine e) None of the above
introduced by
a) William Prescott Joule Which of the following is not a temperature
b) Thomas Newcomen sensor?
c) James Watt a) Thermocouple
d) George Stephenson b) Pyrometer
e) None of the above c) RTD
d) Thermistor
When is the 3rd industrial revolution consid- e) Strain gauge
ered to have started?
a) After World War II (nuclear power, Which of the following are the most common
jet engines) actuators in industrial processes?
b) In the 1980s (personal computers) I. Control valves
c) In the 1990s (internet) II. Electric motors (including pumps)
d) In the 2000s (globalization, commu- III. Cylinders (pneumatic or hydraulic)
nications, smartphones, IoT, etc.)
e) None of the above a) Only I
b) I and II
What type of control has one sensor and two c) II and III
or more actuators? d) I, II and III
a) Feedforward control e) None of the above
b) Feedback control
c) Cascade control
d) Split-range control
e) Ratio control

2
PART 2 (6 pts.)

Following diagram depicts a process for concentrating and distilling a liquid effluent. Basic
instrumentation is also shown.

a) Briefly mention the control loops represented on the diagram (2 pts.)


..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
b) Correct the symbols that are wrong according to ISA S5.1 (2 pts.)
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................

3
c) What type of sensors would you recommend for the measured variables? (2 pts.)
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................

PART 3 (5 pts.)

Briefly explain the following instruments, purpose, working principle and symbol.

a) Capacitive proximity sensor


..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................

b) Relay
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................

4
c) 4/2-way pneumatic valve
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................

d) Reflection light barrier


..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................

e) RTD
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................

5
PART 4 (5 pts.)

The diagram of a solar thermal system for suppling hot water to a home is shown below. An
existing electric heater is used as backup. Draw on the same figure the correct symbols for
basic instrumentation of this system. (10 control loops or measurement points, 0.5 pts. each)