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Foreword

This document is t h e t h i r d edition of t h e universally renowned *UR8\ originally


published by UEG, and which provided guidance on t h e dynamic design of fixed
s t r u c t u r e s s u b j e c t t o wave and c u r r e n t action. This edition, which has g r e a t l y
expanded t h e previous edition, is published jointly by The Marine Technology
D i r e c t o r a t e Ltd (MTD Ltd) and Butterworth-Heinemann. The work leading t o t h i s
publication w a s initiated by UEG and completed a t MTD Ltd under t h e a r r a n g e m e n t s for
MTD Ltd*s absorption of UEG. The work w a s jointly funded by UEG (and l a t t e r l y MTD
Ltd), t h e UK D e p a r t m e n t of Energy and 15 other i n t e r e s t e d o r g a n i s a t i o n s listed below.
The P r o j e c t Managers and Chairmen of the S t e e r i n g Group w e r e Mr M P Oinn a t UEG
and Mr R W B a r r e t t a t MTD Ltd.
The guide w a s w r i t t e n by Mr Nigel B a r l t r o p and Mr Adrian Adams of Atkins Oil & Gas
Engineering Ltd who, with MTD Ltd, wish t o acknowledge t h e additional specialist
input and review by t h e following:

Mrs NBaddoo (The Steel Construction I n s t i t u t e )


Dr N Bishop (Sheffield University)
Dr P Burton (University of East Anglia)
Prof J. Chaplin (City University)
Dr J Ewing (Independent consultant)
Mr I H a r r i s (Cranfield I n s t i t u t e of Technology)
Dr D Key (Bristol University)
Mr L J McGill (Texaco Britain Ltd. )
Dr R Musson (British Geological Survey)
Dr R. Rainey (WS Atkins Engineering Sciences)
Mr G R o b e r t s (WS Atkins Engineering Sciences)
Mr N Thompson (ESDU Ltd)
Dr K Ward (The Steel Construction I n s t i t u t e )
Dr L R Wootton (WS Atkins Engineering Sciences)

The p r o j e c t w a s funded by t h e following P a r t i c i p a n t s :

American Bureau of Shipping·


Amoco (UK) Ltd
ARCO British Ltd
BP Engineering
British Gas pic
Chevron UK Ltd
The D e p a r t m e n t of Energy
Elf UK pic
McDermott Engineering Europe
Noble Denton & Associates Ltd
NPC Civil A.S. ( r e v e r t e d t o Dr Ing. A. Aas-Jakobsen A.S.)
Occidental Petroleum (Caledonia) Ltd
Shell UK Exploration and Production Ltd
Texaco Ltd
Total Oil Marine pic

In-kind c o n t r i b u t i o n s w e r e made by: Atkins Oil and Gas Engineering and The Steel
Construction I n s t i t u t e .
Foreword xvii

A S t e e r i n g Group comprising r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s of P a r t i c i p a n t s , MTD Ltd (formerly


UEG) and t h e Technical Services C o n t r a c t o r s provided t h e forum for discussion on the
guide during i t s p r e p a r a t i o n . During t h e course of t h e p r o j e c t , t h e following
individuals served on t h e S t e e r i n g Group:

Mr A J Adams Atkins Oil & Gas Engineering Ltd


Mr C P J Baker B u t t e r w o r t h Heinemann
Mr N D P Barltrop Atkins Oil 8c Gas Engineering Ltd
Mr R W Barrett MTD Ltd
Mr M Birkinshaw The Marine Technology Support Unit
Mr G Bony Elf Aquitaine
Mr P D Contraros American Bureau of Shipping
Mr I Davis ARCO British Ltd
Dr M Efthymiou Shell UK Exploration & Production Ltd
Mr R Farthing Total Oil Marine pic
Mr S S Gholkar Chevron Petroleum (UK) Ltd
Mr A N Halsey British Gas pic
Mr M D Haynes Amoco (UK) Exploration Co
Dr N J Heaf Atkins Oil & Gas Engineering Ltd
Mr J R Hoyle Noble Denton & Associates Ltd
Dr J Kerstens Shell UK Exploration & Production Ltd
Mr J Larsen NPC Civil A/S ( r e v e r t e d t o Dr. Ing. A. Aas-Jakobsen A/S)
Mr A E Low McDermott Engineering Ltd
Mr L J McGill Texaco Britain Ltd
Mr M D Miller BP I n t e r n a t i o n a l
Mr R Murray British Gas pic
Mr S G Nelson Occidental Petroleum (Caledonia) Ltd
Mr M P Oinn UEG
Mr P Rauch Elf UK Ltd
Mr R L Reed Amoco (UK) Exploration Co
Mr H Sheil ARCO British Ltd
Mr R F Siemens Texaco Britain Ltd
Mr J Summers Total Oil Marine pic
Dr W J Supple Department of Energy
Dr J K Ward The Steel Construction I n s t i t u t e
Dr C Whaley ARCO British Ltd
Dr L R Wootton WS Atkins Engineering Sciences

The a u t h o r s would like t o thank the following people for the contribution they
made t o t h e p r e p a r a t i o n of t h i s book:

Mrs M L A Wilson for t h e desktop publishing t h a t produced t h e c a m e r a ready


copy;
Mrs S Hodgson
Mr N Smith
f f o r d r a f t i n g t h e numerous f i g u r e s ;
Mr Chris S a r g e n t
Mr Mike Locock
Mr A Haywood for his work in copy editing.

Many o t h e r Atkins s t a f f helped with t h e p r e p a r a t i o n of examples and proof reading


the text.