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Bangladesh Statistics

2017

Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS)


Statistics and Informatics Division (SID)
Ministry of Planning

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PREFACE

Bangladesh Statistics 2016 is a booklet which provides important demographic and


social- economic data as well as statistical indicators of Bangladesh for the year
2016

This booklet is an extraction of information from various statistical publications and


reports compiled by BBS, other Ministries, Departments and Agencies.

These statistics give an indication of current social and economic trends in the
country. Some of the latest figures are provisional and subject to revision.

Publication in recognizing the inputs used in the compilation of this booklet, BBS
would like to thank all organization in the Government, Departments and Agencies
and private sectors.

BBS is very much thankful for your continued support and cooperation for the
compilation of the future editions of this booklet and other statistical report.

Views and feedback are welcome from users in all sectors so as to enrich the next
edition of the Bangladesh Statistics.

The document can also be obtained from the website; www.bbs.gov.bd.

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Contents
Chapter No. Chapter Name Page
No.
Chapter I General Characteristics 1

Chapter II Environment and Disaster 5

Chapter III Population, Household and Housing 9


Characteristics

Chapter IV Education and Health 19

Chapter V Agriculture 23

Chapter VI Labour and Employment 25

Chapter VII Industry and Energy 31

Chapter VIII Transport, Communication, Tourism and IT 39

Chapter IX Foreign Trade 43

Chapter X National Accounts, Finance and Banking 51

Chapter XI Price and wages 59

Chapter XII Poverty 65

v
Key Indicators

Demographic and Social Indicators

Indicators Data Source


Total Population 158.9 million BBS, 2015
Male 79.6 million BBS, 2015
Female 74.5 million BBS, 2015
Growth rate 1.37 BBS, 2015
Total fertility rate (15-49 years) 2.10 BBS, 2015
Life expectancy at birth 70.9 years BBS, 2015
Male 69.4 years BBS, 2015
Female 72.0 years BBS, 2015
Literacy rate of population (7+ years) 63.6 BBS, 2015

Economic indicators
Indicators Data Source
GDP at current market price (in Tk) 17329 billion BBS, 2016
GDP at constant market price (in Tk) 8835 billion BBS, 2016
Per capita GDP in current market 1385 BBS, 2016
prices (in US$)
Per capita GNI at current market 1465 BBS, 2016
prices (in US$)
Growth rate at constant prices 7.11 BBS, 2016
Investment at current prices (tk) 51.39 billion BBS, 2016
Inflation rate (%), Geneeral 5.92 BBS, 2016
Poverty rate for April-June, 2016 23.2 BBS, 2016
Extreme poverty rate for April-June, 12.9 BBS, 2016
2016
Total number of establishment 78,18,565 BBS, 2016
Total persons engaged 2,45,00,850 BBS, 2016
Total export (Million in TK) 3003837 BBS, 2016
Total import (Million in TK) 4712495 BBS, 2016
Share of ready made garments in 89.10 BGMEA 2015
national export
Economically active population (15+) 62.1 million BBS, 2015
Employed population (15+) 59.5 million BBS, 2015
Unemployed population 2.6 million BBS, 2015
Unemployment rate BBS, 2015

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Chapter I
General Characteristics
Official Name: The People’s Republic of Bangladesh.

State Language: Bangla, English is well spoken.

National Flag: Consists of a circle coloured red throughout its area,


resting on a green rectangular background. The length
to width ratio of the rectangle is 10:6 and the circle has
a radius of one fifth of the length.

National Emblem: The national flower “Shapla” (nymphea-nouchali)


resting on water, having on each side an ear of paddy
and being surmounted by three connected leaves of
jute with two stars on each side of the leaves.

Capital: Dhaka

Nationality: Bangladeshi

Name of Currency: Taka


Notes: Taka 1000, 500, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5
Geographical Location: Between 20034’and 26038’ north latitude and between
88001’ and 92041’ east longitude.

Boundary: North: India


West: India
South: Bay of Bengal
East: India and Myanmar

Area: 56977 sq. miles or 147,570 sq. km.

Territorial Sea: 9000 Sq. /km

1
Main Seasons: Summer, Rainy Season, Autumn, Late Autumn, Winter
and Spring.
Standard Time: GMT+6 hours
Principal rivers: The Padma, The Meghna, The Jamuna, The
Brahmaputra, The Teesta, The Surma and The
Karnaphuli (Total 310 rivers including tributaries)
Principal seasonal
Crops and Fruits: Paddy, jute, wheat, tobacco, pulses, oil seeds, spices,
vegetables, jack-fruit, banana, mango, coconut.
Principal industries: Readymade garments, textiles, chemical fertilizers,
pharmaceuticals, tea processing, paper & newsprints,
cement, sugar, leather goods etc.
Principal minerals: Natural gas, Coal, Lime, White clay, Glass sand.

Principal exports: Readymade garments & knitwear, frozen fish, jute &
jute goods, pharmaceutical products, tea, leather
products, handicrafts, chemicals.
Airports International: Dhaka, Chittagong, and Sylhet.
Domestic: Dhaka, Chittagong, Jessore, Sylhet, Cox’s
Bazar, Sayedpur, Rajshahi, and Barisal.
Sea ports: Chittagong, Mongla, Paira
Inland river ports: Dhaka, Chandpur, Barisal, Khulna, Baghabari,
Narayanganj, Bhairab Bazar, Ashuganj.
Landports: Benaple, Teknaf, Banglabandha, Sonamasjid,
Nakugaon, Bionia, Hili, Akhaura, Bibibazar, Bhomra,
Gobrakora, Karaitoli, Bhurimari, Birol, Tamabil,
Ramgarh, Sonahat, Tegamukh, Chilhati & Doulatganj.

2
1.1 Administrative Units and others, 2016
Unit Number
Division 8
Zila 64
City Corporation 11
Pouroshava 327
Upazila 491
Police Station 644
Union 4565
Mauza 56348
Population * 158.9 million
Household ** 32173630
Life Expectancy at birth* 70.9 years
Source: LGRD and BBS
Note: * SVRS 2015, ** Population and Housing Census 2011

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Chapter II
Environment and Disaster
2.1 Climatic Variations (Average)
Season Temperature (0C) Rainfall (mm) Humidity (%)
Pre Monsoon 22.4-32.6 453 74
Monsoon 25.5- 31.5 1733 86
Post Monsoon 21.4-30.5 210 80
Winter 13.9-26.5 44 73
Annual 21.2-30.4 203 78
Source: Bangladesh Meteorological Department

2.2 Yearly Average Rainfall in Bangladesh (1981-2016)


Division Yearly rainfall (mm) Yearly rainfall (mm)
2015 2016
Barisal 202 196
Chittagong 257 184
Dhaka 160 114
Khulna 144 185
Mymensingh 189 164
Rajshahi 130 115
Rangpur 177 180
Sylhet 269 358
Bangladesh 191 125
Source: Bangladesh Meteorological Department

2.3 Highest and Lowest temperature of Bangladesh from 2012-15

Indicators 2013 2014 2015 2016


Highest temperature 41.5 43.2 39.8 41.2
Place Chuadanga Chuadanga Chuadanga Rajshahi
Lowest temperature 6.5 7.2 6.0 6.1
Place Sitakunda Sitakunda Sitakunda Faridpur
Source: Bangladesh Meteorological Department

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2.4 Water Level of Major Rivers
River Station Name 2014 2017
MaxOfWL MinOfWL MaxOfWL MinOfWL
Jamuna Noonkhawa 27.25 20.53 21.03 16.75
Jamuna Sirajganj 13.79 6.03 14.87 5.78
Ganges-Padma Hardinge 13.31 5.36 13.85 4.76
Bridge
Gumti-Burinadi Daudkandi 4.07 1.29 4.81 1.31
Lakhya Narayanganj 5.90 1.50 - -
Matamuhuri Lama 11.29 6.50 13.79 5.91
Muhuri Parshuram 13.68 8.38 15.20 8.20
Surma-Meghna Sylhet 11.35 2.05 11.70 2.30
Surma-Meghna Bhairab Bazar 6.04 0.99 6.04 1.18
Teesta Kaunia 28.95 25.35 29.95 25.59
Source: Bangladesh Water Development Board
Note: Water year (April-March); 57 are transboundary rivers of which 54 come
from India

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2.5 Disaster related statistics (Disaster prone area of
Bangladesh)
Sl Description (Disaster prone Number Percentage
n area of Bangladesh)
o.
1 Population as in 2014 20204367 100.00
2 Male 10497444 51.96
3 Female 9706923 48.04
4 Education (7+) years old and 17362575 100.00
above
5 No education 6656371 33.34
6 Class I to V 5656437 32.58
7 Class Vi to IX 3223284 18.56
8 SSC/HSC equivalent 1602116 9.23
9 Graduate and above 224366 1.29
Source: Bangladesh Disaster related Statistics, 2015, BBS

2.6 Human Assets Index (HAI) and Economic vulnerability Index (EVI)
Indicators 2014 2015 2016
1 Human Assets Index (HAI) 63.9 68.1 73.2
1.1 Percentage of Population undernourished 16.9 16.4 15.1
1.2 Mortality for children aged 5 years and 38.0 36.0 34.2
under
1.3 Gross Secondary School enrolment Ratio 53.6 63.5 63.5
2 Economic vulnerability Index (EVI) 25.1 25.1 25.2
2.1 Exposure Index 22.6 22.5 22.8
2.2 Trade remoteness 38.88 38.88 38.5
2.3 Share of population in low elevated 8.90 8.90 8.9
coastal area
2.4 Merchandise export concentration 0.37 0.37 0.41
2.5 Share of agriculture, forestry and fisheries 16.49 15.97 15.4
in GDP
2.6 Shock Index 27.5 27.5 27.6
3 Victims of natural disaster per 100000 4.68 4.68 3.97
popn
4 Instability of agricultural production (Lac 3.10 3.10 3.09
MT)
5 Instability of merchandise exports (mill. 6.70 6.70 7.09
tk)
Source:National Accounting Wing, BBS.

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Chapter III
Population, Household and Housing Characteristics

Fig.-3.1 (a) Population of Bangladesh (Adjusted)

160000000

140000000

120000000

100000000

80000000

60000000

40000000

20000000

0
1981 1991 2001 2011

Male 46295000 57313929 67731320 74980386

Female 43617000 54141256 62791278 74791978

Total 89912000 111455185 130522598 149772364

Source: Population census 2011, 2001, 1991 & 1981, BBS

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Fig.-3.1b. Population of Bangladesh (Estimated)
(in million)

180

160

140

120

100

80

60

40

20

0
2013 2014 2015 2016

Male 78.3 78.6 79.6 80.5

Female 78.2 76.4 74.5 80.3

Total 154.7 156.8 158.9 160.8

Source: Monitoring the Situation of Vital Statistics of Bangladesh (MSVSB), BBS

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Fig.-3.2 Crude Birth Rate 2013-2016 (Per 1000) Mid-year
Population

Source: Monitoring the Situation of Vital Statistics of Bangladesh (MSVSB), BBS

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Fig 3.3 Age Specific (per 1000 population)

Source: Monitoring the Situation of Vital Statistics of Bangladesh (MSVSB),2016 BBS.

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Fig-3.4 Crude Death Rate (Per 1000) Mid-year Population

Source: Monitoring the Situation of Vital Statistics of Bangladesh (MSVSB),2016 BBS.

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Fig.-3.5 a. Infant Mortality Rate (Per 1000 Live Birth) Mid
year Population by Urban and Rural

Source: Monitoring the Situation of Vital Statistics of Bangladesh (MSVSB),2016 BBS.

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Fig.-3.5 b. Infant Mortality Rate (Per 1000 Live Birth) Mid
year Population by Male and Female

Source: Monitoring the Situation of Vital Statistics of Bangladesh (MSVSB),2016 BBS.

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Fig.-3.6 a National Growth Rate of Population
1.48 1.47

1.46

1.44
1.4

1.42
1.39

1.4
1.37

1.37
1.37
1.37
National
1.36

1.38
1.36

1.37
1.36
1.36

1.34

1.32

1.3
2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016
Source: Monitoring the Situation of Vital Statistics of Bangladesh (MSVSB),2016 BBS.

Fig-3.6 b National Growth Rate of Population, urban, rural


1.6

1.5

1.4

1.3 Urban
Rural

1.2

1.1

1
2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016

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Fig.-3.7 Maternal Mortality Ratio (Per 1000 live births) Mid-
year Population

Source: Monitoring the Situation of Vital Statistics of Bangladesh (MSVSB),2016 BBS.

Fig.-3.8 Life Expectancy at Birth by Sex

Source: Monitoring the Situation of Vital Statistics of Bangladesh (MSVSB),2016 BBS.

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Fig.-3.9 Projected Population of Bangladesh (In Million)

250
218.65
206.46

191.6
200
171.71

151.41

150 130.02

100

50

0
2001 2011 2021 2031 2041 2051

Population (In million)

Sources: Sectoral Need-Based Projection in Bangladesh, BBS

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Chapter IV
Education and Health
4.1 Number of Institutions, Teachers and Students, 2015
Type of Institution Number of No of Teachers No of Student
Institutions
Primary 126615 548201 18602988
Secondary 20449 243553 10184364
College 4238 117337 3767784
Madrasah 9314 113368 2460305
Professional 596 8422 136122
Teacher Education 215 2684 34768
Technical 5897 32379 875270
vocational
University 130 27794 823102
Source: BANBEIS 2016

4.2 Literacy Rate of Population


(Percent)
Year 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Both Sex 57.2 55.8 56.3 58.6 63.6 71.0
National Male 59.3 58.4 59.2 60.7 65.6 73.0
Female 55.1 53.2 53.3 56.6 61.6 68.9
7 Both Sex 53.9 49.6 49.9 55.2 57.2 65.5
Yea Rural Male 55.1 52.2 52.7 57.2 59.2 67.7
rs+ Female 51.9 46.9 47.0 53.1 55.1 63.3
Both Sex 68.6 66.9 67.4 70.5 73.3 77.7
Urban Male 70.9 69.5 70.4 72.6 75.3 79.6
Female 66.2 64.3 64.3 68.4 71.2 75.8
Both Sex 61.0 58.8 60.7 61.4 64.6 72.3
National Male 64.2 62.5 64.8 64.7 67.6 75.2
Female 57.8 55.1 56.6 58.2 61.6 69.5
15 Both Sex 57.0 52.0 54.0 57.4 57.6 65.4
yea Rural Male 60.2 55.8 58.0 60.7 60.6 68.4
rs+ Female 53.9 48.2 50.0 54.1 54.6 62.4
Both Sex 74.1 70.6 72.0 74.6 74.7 80.7
Urban Male 77.3 74.2 76.1 77.7 77.7 83.3
Female 70.9 67.0 67.6 71.5 71.8 77.9
Source: Monitoring the Situation of Vital Statistics of Bangladesh (MSVSB), BBS

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4.3 Indicators of the Health and Family Planning Sector, 2016
Health Services Provision Strength
Total no. of government hospitals under DGHS 607
No. of non-government hospitals and Clinics (Regd, by DGHS) 5023
No. of beds under DGHS (functioning) 49414
No. of beds in private sector Facilities (Regd, by DGHS) 87610
No. of registered physicians 85633
Doctors working under MOHFW per 10000 people 1.26
Doctors working under other ministries -
Doctors working in private sector -
Doctors under DGHS 20603
Doctors under DGFP 727
Registered diploma nurses 48001
No. of registered dental surgeons 8130
Source: DG of Health Service, Health Bulletin, 2017.
4.4 Secondary and tertiary hospitals/ health centers under
DGHS, with the number of functional beds (as of December
2016)
Types of Hospital/ Health Center No. of No. of Functinal
Facilities Beds
Chest Hospital 13 816
100-bed hospital 1 100
Dental College Hospital 1 200
District/General Hospital 64 10,450
Hospital of Alternative Medicines 2 200
Infectious Diseases Hospital 5 180
Leprosy Hospital 3 130
Medical college Hospital 17 13713
Specialized Hospital 5 1050
Specilalty post graduate institute and Hospital 11 3034
Trauma Center 5 100
Total (Hospital) 127 29973
Source: DG of Health Service, Health Bulletin, 2017.

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4.5 Primary healthcare centers run by the DGHS at the
Upazila level and Below, 2017 (September)
Level Type of facility Type of Total no. of Total
service facilities beds
Upazila Upazila Health Hospital 297 14850
complex (50-bed)
Upazila health Hospital 112 3472
complex (31-bed)
Upazila health Hospital 11 110
complex (10-bed)
Upazila health OPD 4 -
complex (0-bed)
Sub-Total of Upazila Health 424 18432
Complex
Upazila Health OPD 60
Office)
31-Bed Hospital 424 16,632
30-Bed Hospital Hospital 1 30
25-bed hospital Hospital 1 25
Subtotal of hospitals outside health 66 179
complexes
Total of upazila-level hospitals 490 18611
Union 20-bed hospital Hospital 32 640
10-bed hospital Hospital 19 190
Subtotal of union-level hospitals 51 830
Union subcenter OPD 1399 --
and Union Health
and Family
welfare center
Total of union-level facilities 1,450
Ward Community clinic Functional at 13442 -
present (OPD)
Grand total of Primary Care 477 19441
hospitals (upazila and below)
Grand total of Primary health 15382 19441
facilities (upazila and below)
*Hospital not yet started
Source: DG of Health Service, Health Bulletin, 2017

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Chapter V
Agriculture
5.1 Land Utilization Statistics
(Area in ‘000’ Acre)
Item 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
Not available for 9293 9105 8942 8901 36465
cultivation
Forest area 6359 6368 6368 6368 6368
Cultivable waste area 505 483 519 551 8901
Current fallow area 969 928 1042 1009 551
Total cropped area 37150 37573 37674 38148 1009
Source: Agriculture Wing, BBS

5.2 Production of Selected Agricultural Crops


(In ‘000’ MT)
Item 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
Rice 34710 34710 33803
Wheat 1347 1348 1311
Maize 2271 2446 3026
Jute 1399 1371 8247
Potato 9254 9474 10216
Sugarcane 4434 4208 3863
Tea 66 65 82
Pulses 378 378 387
Oilseeds 934 934 974
Onion 1704 1735 1866
Tobacco 94 88 88
Fruits 4635 4765 5019
Source: Agriculture Wing, BBS,
Note: 1Bale=0.1814369 M.ton

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5.3 Species/Group-wise Annual Fish Production
(MT)
SL. Species/Group 2014-15 2015-16
NO
1 Major Carp 755074 750880
2 Other Carp 80997 80647
3 Exotic Carp 363737 357933
4 Pangas (cat fish) 406818 504674
5 Other Cat Fish 64537 65130
6 Snake Head 69305 70106
7 Live Fish 133512 136113
8 Tilapia 347801 377346
9 Other Inland fish 542711 568446
10 Hilsa 387211 394951
11 Shrimp/Prawn 230244 234188
12 Crab - 13160
13 Sandine 32835 44386
14 Bombay Duck 53950 58545
15 Indian Salmon 1020 895
16 Pomfret 11437 10593
17 Jew Fish 31826 31894
18 Sea Cat Fish 9476 8695
19 Sharks Sjates & Ray 5093 4622
20 Other Marine Fish 156661 165120
Total 3684245 3878324
Source: Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock, Department of Fisheries

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Chapter VI
Labour and Manpower

6.1 Key Findings of Labour Force Surveys


(In million)
Labour force 2005-06 2010 2013 2015 2016-17
characteristics
Economically
active
population 60.7 62.1 63.5
(15+) 49.5 56.7
Employed
Population 47.4 54.1 58.1 59.5 60.8
(15+)
Unemployed
Population 2.10 2.60 2.6 2.60 2.7
Source: Labour force survey 2013, QLFS 2015and QLFS 2017, BBS.

6.2 Labour Force Aged 15+ by Level of Education (p)


(In 000)
Level of Education Bangladesh
Male Female Total
None 15103 1859 33362
Primary 12448 11919 24368
Secondary 18182 20022 38205
Higher Secondary 4855 3284 8139
Tertiary 3150 1403 4554
Others 341 86 427
Total 54080 54974 109054
Source: Labour force survey, 2016-17, BBS

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6.3 Labour Force by Age Group (15+) (p)
(In Thousand)
Age Group Bangladesh
Male Female Total
15-19 3473 1372 4845
20-24 4455 2442 6897
25-29 5800 3257 9057
30-34 5382 2802 8184
35-39 5493 2743 8236
40-44 4406 1970 6376
45-49 4209 1737 5946
50-54 3195 1063 4258
55-59 2553 874 3427
60-64 1418 326 1744
65 + 1652 278 1930
Total 42037 18863 60899
‘p’ denotes provisional, Source: Labour force survey, 2015, BBS

6.4 Youth Labour Force 15-29 (p)


(In Thousand)
Category Bangladesh
Male Female Total
Total Youth Population 19723 21916 41639
Total Labour Force 13728 7070 20798
Employed 12715 6274 18989
Unemployed 1013 797 1809
Not in Labour Force 5995 14845 20841
‘p’ denotes provisional, Source: Labour force survey, 2015, BBS

6.5 Employed Youths Aged 15-29 Years by Major


Occupation (p)
(In Thousand)
Bangladesh
Major Occupation Male Female Total
Managers 191 36 227
Professionals 597 479 1076
Technicians and Assoc 273 60 333
Clerical Support Work 219 47 266
Service and Sales Wor 2488 213 2700
Skilled Agricultural, 2135 2591 4726
Craft and Related Tra 3198 1472 4670
Plant and Machine Ope 1474 377 1851
Elementary Occupation 2095 995 3090
Others 45 3 48
Total 12715 6274 19989
‘p’ denotes provisional, Source: Labour force survey, 2015, BBS

26
6.6 Comparison of Child labor survey
(000)
Sl. Characteristics 2002-03 2013
No
Male Female Total Male Female Total
1 Child 22689 19698 42387 20596 19055 39652
population
(.000)(Age 05-
17)
2 Child Labour 2461 718 3179 953 746 1699
(.000)(Age 05-
17)
3 No of working 5471 1952 7423 2103 1347 3450
children age 5-
17 years (.000)
4 Child Labour
as % of
Total Working 45.0 36.8 42.8 45.3 55.4 49.3
Children
Total Child 10.8 3.6 7.5 4.6 3.9 4
Population
5 Working children aged 5-17 by broad sector
of employment (%)
Formal 7.3 6.4 7.1 3.6 7.5 5.2
Informal 92.7 93.6 92.9 96.4 92.5 94.9
6 Working children aged 5-17 by
broad Industry (%)
Agriculture 54.7 59.7 56 35.5 39.1 36.9
Industry 16.3 22.5 17.9 29.6 27.0 32.5
Service 29.1 17.8 26.1 34.9 23.9 30.6
7 Average 992 864 977 5541 6607 5948
Monthly
Income age 5-
17 years (Tk.)
8 Average 30.7 22.3 28.5 39.0 39.0 39.0
Weekly Hours
Worked
9 Children in 1172 120 1291 772 508 1280
hazardous
work (.000)

27
Fig.-6.1 Working children, child labour and
hazardous child labour

Population aged 5 -17 years


39,652,384

Working children
3,450,369

Child labour
1,698,894

Hazardous child labour


1,280,195

Sources: Bangladesh National Child Labour Survey-2013

28
Fig.-6.2 Overseas Employment

900000

800000

700000

600000

500000

400000

300000

200000

100000

0
1995 2000 2005 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

Overseas Employment 187543 222686 252702 875055 475278 390702 568052 607798 409253 425684

Sources: Bureau of Manpower, Employment and Training (BMET)

29
30
Chapter VII
Industry and Energy
7.1 Quantum Index of Industrial Production (Manufacturing)
(Base: 2005-06)
Group 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
General Index of Manufacturing 236.11 267.88 297.89
Manufacture of food products 333.07 385.10 410.42
Manufacture of beverages 230.06 269.75 257.61
Manufacture of tobacco products 147.37 135.48 139.57
Manufacture of textile 122.81 138.90 168.39
Manufacture of wearing apparel 304.76 338.73 343.74
Manufacture of leather and related 140.48 125.44 194.13
products
Manufacture of wood and products of 269.88 301.72 325.26
wood and cork
Manufacture of Paper and paper products 174.68 181.08 183.67
Printing and reproduction of recorded 140.91 147.83 155.62
media
Manufacture of coke and refined 96.79 94.03 182.74
petroleum products
Manufacture of chemicals and chemical 77.49 92.60 104.04
products
Manufacture of Pharmaceuticals and 290.98 319.26 424.30
medicinal chemical
Manufacture of rubber and plastic 292.69 338.14 359.79
products
Manufacture of other non-metalic mineral 182.78 258.34 341.85
products
Manufacture of basic metals 187.13 202.85 174.04
Manufacture of fabricated metal products 182.30 200.53 246.01
except machinery
Manufacture of computer, electronic and 148.37 231.89 253.33
optical products
Manufacture of electrical equipment 164.56 214.12 342.77
Manufacture of machinery and equipment 204.89 279.14 406.37
n.e.c
Manufacture of motor vehicles,trailers and 178.83 331.63 559.61
semi trailers
Manufacture of other transport equipment 340.12 592.41 560.00
Manufacture of furniture 116.35 132.02 151.44
Source: National Accounting Wing, BBS

31
7.2 Production of Natural Gas and Fertilizer
Year Natural Fertilizer [MT]
Gas
(MMCM) Urea TSP Am Sulp.
2010-11 20075 908837 63457 725
2011-12 21056 933678 65047 359
2012-13 22669 1026999 40152 98
2013-14 23233 838628 86432 28
2014-15 25263 877820 87536 0
2015-16 27489 813600 95082
2016-17 583881 113563 47507
Source: Petrobangla & BCIC
7.3 Selected Indicators of energy sector
Items 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
A. Electricity
Total Generation Capacity 10939 11770 12771
9812
(MW)
Maximum generation (MW) 7356 7817 9036 9479
Energy Generation (MKWh) 42195 45836 52193 52276
Energy Consumption 39624 45299 50264
36233
(MWh)
Transmission lines in Kilo 9695 9893 10436
9536
metre:
Distribution lines in kilo 326000 357181 401678
30270
metre (33 kv&below)
B. Gas
Total Production(BCF) 820.43 892.17 973.25 971.6
Consumption (BCF) 828.14 877.30 966.9 987.3
Gas Connection (Number) 393557 355917 276282 8005
C. Petroleum Import (000
M.Ton)
Crude Oil 1176 1303 1090 1379
Refined Oil 4174 4095 3672 4452
Lube base Oil - - - -
D. Petroleum Expenditure
(Million US$)
Crude Oil -
Refined Oil -
Lube base Oil -
Source:BTU-British Themal Unit.Cons.-Consumption, BCF=Billion Cubic Feet.
Gas Production is shown only Single Year for 2010-11 to 2013-14, Source: BPDB,
BOGMC, BPC

32
Fig.-7.1 Sector wise consumption of Rural Electricity

Source: REB, Ministry of Power, Energy and Mineral Resources


Fig.-7.2 Natural Gas Reserved and Production in Bangladesh
(Billion Cubic Feet)

40000
3 5 7 10 . 6

3 50 0 0

30000
2 5 8 15

2 50 0 0

20000

13 4 16 . 1
150 0 0 12 3 9 8 . 7 6

10 0 0 0

50 0 0

0
T o t al R eser ve C umul at i ve
( P r o ven+P r o b ab l e) P r o d uct i o n as o f
June 2 0 15

Source: Petrobangla, Ministry of Power, Energy and Mineral Resources

33
7.4 Import of Crude & Refined Oil

A) Crude Oil Import


Qty in MT
Name of Crude 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
Marban Crude 571559 584754 679488 588686 603932
Arab Light Crude 83743 501183 612614 588010 699262
Total 1409302 1085937 1292102 1176693 1303194

B) Import of Refined Oil


Qnty in MT
Product 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
HSD 2731756 2884614 2385164 2770477 3010279
SKO 101839 104806 3779 24593 0
JET A-1 348276 304917 343849 280883 348852
MS HOBC 77473 115596 94369 63282 44757
FO 230432 680982 803603 1016101 691704
Total 3489776 4090915 3630764 4155336 4095592

C) Import of Lube Base Oil


Qnty in MT
Grade 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
SN-150 644 750 729 0 0
SN-500 2656 2730 2615 0 0
SBS-150 1445 1500 1509 0 0
Total 4745 4980 4853 0 0
Source: Eastern Refinery Limited

34
Fig.-7.3 Sector Wise Use of Petroleum Products FY 2016-17

Source: Bangladesh Petroleum Corporation

35
7.5 Selected Indicators from Economic census-2013

Sl. Description Number Percentage


No. (%)
Establishments
1. Total 7818565 100
Permanent 4514091 57.74
Temporary 482903 6.18
Economic Household 2821571 36.09
2. Urban 2229546 100
Permanent 1577632 70.76
Temporary 205910 9.24
Economic Household 446004 20.00
3. Rural 5589019 100
Permanent 2936459 52.54
Temporary 276993 4.96
Economic Household 2375567 42.50
4. Major Economic Activities 7818565 100
Wholesale and Retail Trade, Repair of 3589443 45.91
Motor Vehicles....
Accommodation and Food Service 519845 6.65
Activities
Transportation and Storage 1303807 16.68
Manufacturing 868244 11.10
Education 189108 2.42
Human Health and Social Work 79586 1.02
Activities
Other Economic Activities 1268532 16.22
5. Male Headed 7255197 100
Urban 2087845 28.78
Rural 5167352 71.22
6. Female Headed 563368 100
Urban 141701 25.15
Rural 421667 74.85
7. Registration Status 7818565 100
Registered 2727481 34.88
Non-Registered 3990051 51.03
Not Applicable 1101033 14.08
8. Inception Period 7818565 100
Before 1971 132588 1.70
1971-89 401367 5.13
1990-99 1022999 13.08

36
Sl. Description Number Percentage
No. (%)
2000-09 4128991 52.81
2010-13 2132620 27.28
9. Mode of Sales 7818565 100
Retail 4485786 57.37
Wholesale 522336 6.68
Not Applicable 2810443 35.95
10. Current Fixed Assets (In Lac Taka) 7701501 100
(Excluding Government &
Autonomous)
Up to 5 6760654 87.78
5-50 873985 11.35
50-100 44809 0.58
100-1000 18426 0.24
1000-1500 1815 0.02
1500-3000 704 0.01
3000+ 1108 0.01
11. Investment by Non Resident 90433 100
Bangladeshis
(In Thousand Taka)
Up to 50 10942 12.10
51-100 7123 7.88
101-500 16475 18.22
Above 500 55893 61.81
12. Category 7818565 100
Cottage 6842884 87.52
Micro 104007 1.33
Small 859318 10.99
Medium 7106 0.09
Large 5250 0.07
Total Persons Engaged (TPE)
13. Total 24500850 100
Urban 9500119 38.77
Rural 15000731 61.23
14. Total 24500850 100

15. Working Status of Male 20449132 100


Working Proprietors 6920215 33.84
Unpaid Family Workers 830982 4.06
Full Time Workers 12119509 59.27

37
Sl. Description Number Percentage
No. (%)
Part Time Workers 395075 1.93
Casual Workers 183351 0.90
16. Working Status of Female
Working Proprietors
4051718
431809
100
10.66
Unpaid Family Workers 465978 11.50
Full Time Workers 3000846 74.06
Part Time Workers 91005 2.25
Casual Workers 62080 1.53
Source: Economic Census, 2013, BBS.

38
Chapter VIII
Transport, Communication, Tourism and IT

8.1 Transport, Storage and Communications


Indicators Unit 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
Tourist arrival ‘000’ 119 - -
148
no.
Earnings Million 12273 12804 -
9496
Tk.
Railway Station No. 456 460 458 455 (P)
Locomotives No. 293 282 282 273 (p)
Coaches No. 1509 1507 1474 1381 (p)
Freight Wagons No. 12924 12602 12602 11524 (p)
Length of Total Km. 21365 21365 21322
21365
Roads
Bus ‘000’ 29350 31873 35106
2778
no.
Micro bus ‘000’ 70052 74689 79545
66076
no.
Truck ‘000’ 93781 99482 107043
87479
no.
Motor car/taxi/jeep ‘000’ 36070 36126 36152
35862
no.
Auto rickshaw ‘000’ 171460 184635 192945
155509
no.
Tractor/trailor/others ‘000’ 26704 28344 30469
25430
no.
Rickshaw ‘000’ 814 815 815
813
no.
Pushcart ‘000’ 35 35 36
36
no.
Note: Tourism data yearly
Source: Bangladesh Railway, BRTC, Special Branch of Bangladesh Police, City
Corporation & Municipalities

39
8.2 Geo-coding and Distance of Districts from Dhaka by Road
Sl. Name of Geo- Distance Sl. No. Name of Geo- Distance Sl. No.
No. District code from District code from
Dhaka (in Dhaka (in
kilo meter) kilometer)
1. Dhaka 26 0 33. Rajshahi 81 256
2. Narayangonj 67 17 34. Naogaon 64 247
3. Munshigonj 59 27 35. Chapai 70 302
Nawabgonj
4. Manikgonj 56 63 36. Natore 69 210
5. Gazipur 33 37 37. Pabna 76 216
6. Norsingdi 68 51 38. Sirajgonj 88 134
7. Mymensing 61 122 39. Bogra 10 197
h
8. Kishoregonj 48 117 40. Joypurhat 38 249
9. Netrokona 72 158 41. Rangpur 85 304
10. Tangail 93 92 42. Gaibandha 32 268
11. Jamalpur 39 179 43. Kurigram 49 348
12. Sherpur 89 188 44. Lalmonirhat 52 343
13. Faridpur 29 101 45. Dinajpur 27 338
14. Madaripur 54 90 46. Nilphamari 73 359
15. Gopalgonj 35 127 47. Panchagarh 77 443
16. Rajbari 82 118 48. Thakurgaon 94 407
17. Shariatpur 86 101 49. Khulna 47 180
18. Chittagong 15 242 50. Bagerhat 01 178
19. Cox's Bazar 22 391 51. Satkhira 87 240
20. Noakhali 75 158 52. Jessore 41 164
21. Laxmipur 51 137 53. Magura 55 150
22. Feni 30 149 54. Narail 65 304
23. Comilla 19 96 55. Kushtia 50 183
24. Chandpur 13 115 56. Jhenaidah 44 178
25. Brahmanbari 12 109 57. Chuadanga 18 215
a
26. Rangamati 84 293 58. Meherpur 57 240
27. Khagrachhar 46 259 59. Barisal 06 169
i
28. Bandarban 03 316 60. Jhalakati 42 182
29. Sylhet 91 241 61. Pirojpur 79 185
30. Sunamgonj 90 296 62. Bhola 09 205
Source: LGED and BBS.

40
8.3 Key findings in Computer Software Industry
Indicators Year
2013-14 2014-15
Total employment size in computer software manufacturing 21514 23478
companies (number)*
Male 18801 20656
Female 2713 2822
Total employment cost (million tk) 16486.65 22506.16
Total sales value of packaged software produced in the country by 10162.25 11629.80
types of clients (million tk)
Sales to individuals and households 709.06 836.24
Sales for embedding in computer hardware 124.25 196.58
Sales to government and semi government organization 547.42 2036.42
Sales to other business organization in Bangladesh 4867.61 3940.19
Total sales value of customized software produced in the country 15594.61 23482.76
(million tk)
Sales to government and semi government organization 205.17 268.65
Sales to other business organization in Bangladesh 4188.64 6565.82
Sales to clients outsideBangladesh (export) 11200.80 16648.29
Total gross output of computer software (million tk) 26334.12 35630.96
Gross value added 20658.84 28210.08
a. Compensation of employees 16486.65 22506.16
b. Operating Surplus 4172.19 5703.91
Intermediate Consumption 5675.28 7420.88
Gross Fixed Capital Formation (GFCF) in Computer software 11379.94 16086.14
(million tk)
Export earnings (million tk)** 15115.05 21268.65
GFCF in Computer software as percent of total GFCF 0.30 0.37
Gross value added (GVA) associated with computer software as 0.15 0.19
percent of total GVA
* Employment size is only for computer software manufacturing companies (establishment
based only)
* Export includes only for packaged and customized software produced by computer software
manufacturing companies (establishment based only)

Source: Report on private sector gross fixed capital formation in software survey 2016, BBS

41
42
Chapter IX
Foreign Trade
9.1 Indicators of the Foreign Trade Sector
) 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
Total imports (CIF) 2822310 3670702 3869349 4712495
Per capita Import 16078 23247 24200 29134
(Tk.)
% of GDP 18.64 24.22 22.33 -
Total export (FOB) 2122602 2408850 2634668 -3003837
Per capita exports 11154 15256 16478 18571
(Tk.)
% of GDP 12.93 15.89 15.20 -
Balance of trade (-)2610050 (-)1261852 (-)1234681 (-) 1708658
Source: National Accounting Wing, BBS

9.2 Foreign Trade (Tk in crore)


Year 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
Exports 148888 236802 471250
Imports 210066 313879 300384
Balance (-)61178 (-)77077 (-) 170866
Source: Economic Trends, Bangladesh Bank, Completed by National Accounting
Wing, BBS
9.3 Export to Top Ten Countries (million tk)
2014-2015 2015-16 2016-17
Countries where
% of Value % of Value % of
we exports Value
total total total
1. U.S.A 448323 18.61 483322 18.34 505413 16.83
2. Germany 365328 15.17 388967 14.76 475848 15.84
3. UK 248930 10.33 296450 11.25 308430 10.27
4. France 135275 5.62 144033 5.47 164781 5.49
5. Netherlands 65101 2.70 65344 2.48 92899 3.09
6. Canada 79744 3.31 86490 3.28 601141 20.01
7. Italy 107279 4.45 107875 4.09 130299 4.34
8. Spain 136029 5.65 156040 5.92 176136 5.86
9. Belgium 75685 3.14 78414 2.98 80107 2.67
10. Turkey 55979 2.32 5058 0.19 52966 1.76
11.Other 691177 28.69 822725 31.23 415817 13.84
countries
Total exports 2408850 100 2634668 100 3003837 100
Source: National Accounting Wing, BBS

43
9.4 Import from Top Ten Countries
(Million Tk.)
2014-15 2015-16 2016-17

Country Value % of Value % of


% of total total
Value
total

1. China 166188 20.87 855092 22.10 1023760 21.72

2. India 449193 12.24 463776 11.99 573555 12.17

3. Indonesia 460281 4.37 164703 4.26 192771 4.09

4. Singapore 358644 9.69 360964 9.33 458468 9.73

5. Japan 129108 3.52 138583 3.58 157461 3.34

6. Republic of 117644 3.20 109466 2.83 125594 2.67


Korea
7. Kuwait 90941 2.48 95451 2.47 88525 1.88

8.Hongkong 186398 5.08 216476 5.59 239802 5.09

9. Malaysia 120102 3.27 127629 3.30 157269 3.34

10. Germany 67328 1.83 72911 1.88 68801 1.46

11.Others 1227875 33.45 1264298 32.67 1626489 34.51


Countries
Total import 3670702 100 3869349 100 4712495 100

Source: National Accounting Wing, BBS

44
9.5 Export of Principal Commodities
(Million Tk.)
Commodities 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17

Value % of Value % of Value % of


total total total
Readymade 197734 89.19 2196542 89.95 2449245 88.73
garments 9
Made up 57710 2.60 63100 2.58 78677 2.85
textile articles
Vegetable 42952 1.94 57374 2.35 70382 2.55
textile
fibre/yarn
Shrimps and 38841 1.75 33708 1.38 40779 1.48
prawn
Foot wear 52110 2.35 55752 2.28 67977 2.46
Hides, skins 30876 1.39 20240 0.83 19045 0.69
and leather
Raw jute 8622 0.39 316 0.01 13391 0.49
Special 3668 0.17 4035 0.17 4536 0.16
Woven
fabrics
Fertilizer 1 0.01 441 0.02
Hats and other 4930 0.22 10551 0.43 15875 0.57
headgear
221706 100 2441619 100 2760348 100
Total
2
Source: National Accounting Wing, BBS

9.6 Share of Ready Made Garments (RMG) in National Export


Year Total Export of Export of RMG Share of
Bangladesh (Million US$) RMG (%)
(Million US$)

2010-11 22924.38 17914.46 78.15


2011-12 24287.66 19089.69 78.60
2012-13 27027.40 21515.80 79.61
2013-14 27027.36 24147.31 89.34
2014-15 30186.62 26897.38 89.10
2015-16 34257.00 40097.00 85.43
2016-17 34257 40097 85.43
Sources: BGMEA, Export Promotion Bureau, Bangladesh Bank

45
9.7 Imports of Principal Goods
(Million Tk.)
Principal 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
Commodities Value % of Value % of Value % of
total total total
Milk and cream 23194 1.01 18339 0.69 24831 0.97
Sugar 64256 2.79 55899 2.11 90737 3.55
Rice 42961 1.87 11071 0.42 10238 0.40
Wheat 78580 3.42 75941 2.87 107186 4.19
Raw cotton 181968 7.91 178249 6.74 1888 0.07
Petroleum oil 24825 1.08 30763 1.16 40356 1.58
(crude)
Petroleum 359492 15.63 321800 12.17 318497 12.46
products
Fertilizer 108300 4.71 91920 3.48 66485 2.60
Plastics and 143590 6.24 139553 5.27 172140 6.73
articles
Edible oil 216574 9.42 147962 5.60 273069 10.68
Iron & steel 181560 7.89 171968 6.50 202003 7.90
Machinery 373597 16.24 926745 35.05 754457 29.50
equipment inclu.
Elec. Appliances
Textile yarn 111286 4.84 117821 4.46 129332 5.06
(cotton &
synthetic)
Textile fabrics 389651 16.94 356244 13.47 365924 14.31
(cotton &
synthetic)
Total 2299834 100 2644075 100 2557143 100
Source: National Accounting Wing, BBS

46
9.8 Quantity of Import of Selected Items
(In ‘000’ MT)
Items 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
Rice 190 1460 357 298
Wheat 2177 3530 4183 6164
Edible oil 2557 3695 4335 4621
Milk powder 71 94 98 120
Fertilizer 1761 3362 3262 2907
Petroleum: crude 255 1044 1286 1687
Raw cotton 980 1252 1389 1481
Pharmaceutical Prod 3 3 3 4
Sugar 1734 2088 2065 2468
Cement 10323 12334 13922 17669
Pig Iron 2 7 101 75
Old garments 14 22 14 16
Dyes 141 187 205 241
Chemical Products 238 337 412 87
Source: National Accounting Wing, BBS

47
Fig.-9.1A Import Tonnage Handled at the Ports of Chittagong
and Mongla
(Thousand MT)

Chittagong Mongla

50000

45000

40000

35000

30000

25000

20000

15000

10000

5000

0
C)
20 06

20 07

20 08

20 09

20 10

20 11

20 12

20 13

2 14
-1 15
DE
-

-
05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13

4
20 01

6(
20

15

Source: Chittagong and Mongla Port Authority

48
Fig.-9.1B Export Tonnage Handled at the Ports of Chittagong
and Mongla
(Thousand MT)

Chittagong Mongla

6000

5000

4000

3000

2000

1000

0
)
6

20 7

20 8

20 9

20 0

20 1

20 2

20 3

5
ec
-0

-0

-0

-0

-1

-1

-1

-1

-1

-1
(d
05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13

4
20 01

6
20

20

-1
2
15

Source: Chittagong and Mongla Port Authority

49
9.9 Exports to SAARC Countries
(Million US$)
Countries 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
Afghanistan 4.30 4.88 5.00
Bhutan 4.91 4.74 3.21
India 527.16 689.62 672.40
Maldives 5.64 3.05 2.97
Nepal 25.05 17.88 47.40
Pakistan 57.57 47.07 62.38
Sri Lanka 23.92 30.45 42.25
Total Share of export of SAARC
countries 648.55 797.68 835.61
National Export 31208.94 34257.18 34846.84
Source: Export Promotion Bureau

50
Chapter X
National Accounts, Finance and Banking
10.1 Indicators of National Accounts
(Million Tk.)
Indicator 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
1. GDP at current market prices
(billion Tk.) 13437 15158 17329 19758
2. GDP at constant* market prices 7741 8249 8835 9479
(billion Tk.)
3. GNI at current market prices
(billion Tk.) 14332 16142 18327 20607
4. Per capita GDP at current 86266 96004 108378 122152
market prices (Tk.)
5. Per capita GNI at current
market prices (Tk.) 92015 102236 114621 127401
6. Per capita GDP at current 1110 1236 1385 1544
market prices ( in US$)
7. Per capita GNI at current
market prices ( in US$) 1184 1316 1465 1610
8. Growth rate at constant* prices 6.06 6.55 7.11 7.28
9. Sectoral shares of GDP at
constant* prices (%)
Agriculture 16.50 16.00 15.35 14.74
Industry 29.55 30.42 31.54 32.42
Services 53.95 53.58 53.12 52.85
10. Consumption at current prices 10469 11799 13000 14754
(billion Tk.)
11. Investment at current prices
(billion Tk.) 3840 4379 5139 6028
12. Domestic savings at current 2968 3359 4328 5005
prices (billion Tk.)
13. National savings at current
prices (billion Tk.) 3927 4399 5332 5857
14. Consumption as % of GDP 77.91 77.84 75.02 74.67
15. Investment as % of GDP 28.58 28.89 29.65 30.51
16. Domestic savings as % of GDP 22.09 22.16 24.98 25.33
17. National savings as % of GDP 29.23 29.02 30.77 29.64
18. Revenue receipt as % of GDP 11.66 10.78 10.24 12.41 (p)
Tax 9.69 9.28 8.97 10.76 (p)
Non-Tax 1.97 1.50 1.27 1.65 (p)
19. Total Government expenditure 16.09 15.81 15.27 17.41 (p)
as % of GDP
P-denotes Provisional

51
Fig.-10.1 Sectoral Share to GDP

(MIllion Tk.)

60
54.22 53.95 53.58 53.12
52.85

50

40

31.54 32.42
30.42
29 29.55
30

16.78 16.5
20 16 15.35
14.74

10

0
2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17

Agriculture Industry Services

Source: National Accounting Wing, BBS

52
Fig.-10.2 Per Capita GDP, GNI at current market
prices
(In US$)
Per capita GDP at current market prices ( in US$) Per capita GNI at current market prices ( in US$)

1800

1610
1600
1465 1544
1385
1316
1400
1236
1,184
1,110
1200
1,054
976
1000

800

600

400

200

0
2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17

Source: National Accounting Wing, BBS

53
Fig.-10.3 GDP Growth rate at Constant prices
Growth rate at constant prices

8
7.11
7.28

7 6.55

6.01 6.06

0
2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17

54
10.2 Indicators of Finance and Banking
Activity 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
Foreign
Exchange
10364.4 15315.2 21508.0 25025.2 30168 33493
reserve
(Million US$)
Bank
Advances 3878049 4283131 4853997 5529482 6428957 7436502
(Crore Tk.)
Bank deposits 4900227 5728905 6625404 7463002 8495810 9425341
Net Foreign
689301 1032460 1474966 1774013 2189041 2520270
assets
Broad Money
5171095 6035056 7006235 787614 9163779 10160761
supply
Remittances 1018828 1156462 1105824 1189823 1168567 1010989
Exchange rate
(Taka Per 81.88 77.75 77.72 77.67 78.26 79.12
US$)
Source: National Accounting Wing, BBS

10.3 Consolidated Receipts and Expenditure


(Million Tk).
Principal Heads 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
Total Receipts 2770241 2716490 3246840
Revenue Receipts 1829531 1774000 2185000
Other internal Receipts 613460 621750 699030
Foreign grants and loan receipts 327250 320740 362810
Total Expenditure 2324490 2469920 2939440
Revenue Expenditure 1686990 1605020 1898860
Development Expenditure 637500 864900 1040580
Source: National Accounting Wing, BBS

55
10.4 Revenue Receipts by Principal Heads
(Million Tk.)
Principal Heads 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
Customs 146232 171530 206040
Excise 12506 10330 11990
VAT & Supp. Tax 763461 789770 981940
Income tax 560855 517960 627540
Private Bank Industries and 49321 62720 78220
Investment organizations
Stamps 30120 31210 42690
Land Revenue 7379 8290 11200
Registration 25702 47190 48580
Post, Telegraph and 2940 2740 3100
Telephone
Others 226048 132260 173700
Total Revenue 1829531 1774000 2185000
Source: Budget Book, Ministry of Finance

56
10.5 Deposit and Credit Disbursement
(Billion Tk.)
Financial Year Demand Deposit Time Deposit Domestic Credit
2003-04 146.13 992.74 1267.86
2004-05 168.50 1160.42 1488.37
2005-06 197.40 1380.22 1784.12
2006-07 234.63 1613.36 2041.61
2007-08 265.18 1894.81 2470.49
2009-10 302.37 2300.73 2868.55
2009-10 416.22 2750.43 3378.27
2010-11 481.06 3374.19 4308.93
2011-12 510.60 4073.88 5149.73
2012-13 557.37 4799.02 5717.37
2013-14 643.44 5589.78 6379.06
2014-15 723.83 6267.99 7015.26
2015-16 897.59 7039.47 8012.80
2016-17 1018.85 7759.98 8906.70
Source: Economic Trend, Bangladesh Bank

Table 10.6. Shares of Public and Private Investment


As % of total investment
Year 2005-06 prices Current prices
Private Public Private Public
2006-07 80.60 19.40 80.54 19.46
2007-08 82.84 17.16 82.83 17.17
2008-09 83.59 16.41 83.53 16.47
2009-10 82.36 17.64 82.19 17.81
2010-11 81.15 18.85 80.83 19.17
2011-12 80.37 19.63 79.61 20.39
2012-13 77.60 22.40 76.61 23.39
2013-14 77.24 22.76 77.09 22.91
2014-15 76.44 23.56 76.39 23.61
2015-16 77.39 22.61 77.52 22.48
2016-17 75.92 24.08 75.70 24.30

57
Table 10.7. Investment-GDP Ratio
Investment as % of GDP
Year 2005-06 prices Current prices
Total Private Public Total Private Public
2006-07 26.17 21.09 5.08 26.18 21.08 5.09
2007-08 27.10 22.45 4.65 26.20 21.70 4.50
2008-09 27.71 23.16 4.55 26.21 21.89 4.32
2009-10 28.49 23.47 5.03 26.25 21.57 4.67
2010-11 29.32 23.80 5.53 27.42 22.16 5.26
2011-12 30.44 24.46 5.98 28.26 22.50 5.76
2012-13 30.25 23.47 6.78 28.39 21.75 6.64
2013-14 31.33 24.20 7.13 28.58 22.03 6.55
2014-15 31.50 24.08 7.42 28.89 22.07 6.82
2015-16 32.03 24.79 7.24 29.65 22.99 6.66
2016-17 32.88 24.96 7.92 30.51 23.10 7.41

58
Chapter XI
Price and Wages
11.1 Consumer Price Index (CPI), National. (Base: 2005-06)
Year 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
Index General 195.08 207.58 219.86 231.82
Food 209.79 223.80 234.77 248.90
Non-food 176.23 186.79 200.66 209.92
Inflation General 7.35 6.41 5.92 5.44
(%) Food 8.56 6.68 4.90 6.01
Non-food 5.55 5.99 7.43 4.61
Source: National Accounting Wing, BBS

59
Fig.-11.1 Wage Rate Indices (WRI) of Bangladesh (Base 2010-
11=100) Source: National Accounting Wing, BBS
14 0

13 5

13 0

12 5

12 0

115

110

10 5

10 0

60
Fig.-11.2 House Rent Indices for Private
Residential House for Different Centers in
Bangladesh
(Base: 1973-
74=100)

20000

18000

16000

14000

12000

10000

8000

6000

4000

2000

0
2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16

Dhaka 2403 2653.19 2830.23 3002.65 3770.99 4398.8 4843.69 5320.59 5838.59

Chittagong 1558 1643.54 1687.09 1801.28 2225.97 2600.44 2738.81 2895.76 3081.92

Khulna 986 1039.79 1072.17 1156.84 1336.58 1508.84 1620.07 1748.94 1896.34

Rajshahi 2035 2143.25 2195.5 2360.2 2932.93 3312.33 3549.21 3813.85 4125.87

Bangladesh 1746 1869.95 1946.26 2080.25 2566.62 2955.02 3185.44 3444.78 3735.68

Source: National Accounting Wing, BBS

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Fig.-11.1 Wage Rate Indices (WRI) of Bangladesh
(Base 2010-11=100)

Source: National Accounting Wing, BBS

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Fig.-11.2 House Rent Indices for Private
Residential House for Different Centers in
Bangladesh
(Base: 1973-74=100)

Source: National Accounting Wing, BBS

63
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Chapter XIV
Poverty and Inequality

14.1National poverty level of Bangladesh


Duration Percentage
Poverty rate for 2016 24.3
Extreme poverty rate for 2016 12.9
International Extreme poverty rate for 2016 13.8

Figure 14.1 National poverty level of Bangladesh

Source: HIES, 2016

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Fig.-14.2 Poverty Gap Index

Source: HIES 2016, BBS

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