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Work Instruction Process for Inspection, Testing & Commissioning

of Electrical Switch Board & Switch Yard

VERSION NO.: 1
WORK INSTRUCTION PROCESS FOR REVISION NO.: FIELD CHANGE
INSPECTION, TESTING & FIELD CODE:
COMMISSIONING OF ELECTRICAL DATE
SWITCH BOARD & SWITCHYARD PAGES: 1 OF 22

PREPARED BY LEGALIZED BY

___________ ___________
PROJECT DIRECTOR QMR
SIGNATURE: SIGNATURE:

DATE: 2 APRIL 1998 DATE

APPROVED BY: ________________


ELECTRICAL DIVISION MANAGER

SIGNATURE:

DATE:

Amendment record
Page Rev. Description of Amendment Date of QMR Electrical
No. No. issue Legalized Authorized
Date Date
N/A N/A First Issue of WI016, Ver. 1 & Rev. 0 for
PT _______
N/A N/A Page OF 22
Revision 1
Battery & Battery Charger Inspection Record
Incorporated

DISTRIBUTION TO:

1) ALL MANUAL HOLDER


Work Instruction Process for Inspection, Testing & Commissioning
of Electrical Switch Board & Switch Yard

WORK INSTRUCTION PROCESS FOR INSPECTION, TESTING & COMMISSIONING OF


ELECTRICAL SWITCH BOARD & SWITCH YARD

1.0 PURPOSE

2.0 SCOPE

RESPONSIBILITIES
3.0

DEFINITIONS
4.0

5.0 PROCEDURES

5.1 GENERAL
5.2 POLARITY CHECKS
5.3 RATIO CHECKS
5.4 MAGNETIZATION CURVE
5.5 VOLTAGE TRANSFORMER TEST
5.6 RATIO CHECK
5.7 PHASING CHECK
5.8 SECONDARY INJECTION
5.9 HI-POT TESTING USING FERRANTI HI-POT SET
5.10 HI-POT TESTING USING BIDDLE HI-POT TEST SET
5.11 EARTH RESISTANCE TEST (ET5) TO AS3000
5.12 DUCTER TESTING (SWITCH GEAR)
5.13 BLOCK DIAGRAM OF COMMISSIONING HV SWITCH YARD
5.14 BLOCK DIAGRAM OF COMMISSIONING HV SWITCH BOARDS
5.15 MIDOS RELAY TYPES
5.16 COMMISSIONING CHECK LIST

QUALITY RECORDS
6.0
Work Instruction Process for Inspection, Testing & Commissioning
of Electrical Switch Board & Switch Yard

1.0 PURPOSE

1.1 To ensure testing carried out in Switch Yards and Switch Boards is done so in a
planned acceptable manner.

2.0 SCOPE

2.1 This procedure applied to the testing of all switch gear undertaken by PT ______
Technical Services Division except if otherwise directed by the Client.

3.0 DEFINITIONS

The Client Main Contractor

4.0 RESPONSIBILITIES

4.1 The Technical Services Supervisor is responsible for:

(a) Coordination of inspection activities


(b) Ensuring test reports are sent out to clients.

4.2 Technical Services Technicians are responsible for carrying out tests as directed in
accordance with these procedures, and recording the test or inspection results on
the correct form.

5.0 PROCEDURES

5.1 General

5.1.1 All results of equipment tested shall be recorded on the relevant test sheet,
refer Section 5.0, copies being in Procedures Manual PM2.

5.1.2 All equipment used for inspection and testing shall carry a current
calibration sticker is not affixed, contact the Technical Services Supervisor.
Work Instruction Process for Inspection, Testing & Commissioning
of Electrical Switch Board & Switch Yard

5.1.3 If any equipment should fail inspection and/or testing, the client will be
notified at the time of testing or, if not available, at the earliest possible time.

5.1.4 A test report will be issued to the Client for all inspection and testing
undertaken if the specified in the contract or on request from the Client.

5.2 Polarity Checks

Each current transformer should be individually tested to verified that the primary
and secondary polarity markings are the same as drawings supplied by client.

At current transformer terminals in Protection/Metering Panel. The


Protection/Metering Terminal identification is as follows:

C10 This is Red Phase over-current or earth fault protection


C30 This is Yellow Phase over-current or earth fault protection
C50 This is Black Phase over-current or earth fault protection
C70 This is Neutral over-current or earth fault protection

A10 or A110 This is Red Phase differential protection


A30 or A130 This is Yellow Phase differential protection
A50 or A150 This is Black Phase differential protection
A70 or A170 This is Neutral differential protection

D10 This is Red Phase metering


D30 This is Yellow Phase metering
D50 This is Black Phase metering
D70 This is Neutral Metering return

NOTE: The above identifications always starts with A, C or D but the numbers
may be slightly different. The numbers always use 10, 30 and 50 but
maybe the number is C110. This is done when there are several
protection schemes on the same feeder.
Work Instruction Process for Inspection, Testing & Commissioning
of Electrical Switch Board & Switch Yard
Method

Connect polarity test set as per drawing, Fig. 1, by pushing test button down, a
positive flick on the meter should occur. If this does not occur follow check chart
below.

FIGURE 1 POLARITY
CHECK

P2 P1

S2 S1
Button Push

- +

FIGURE 1 POLARITY CHECK

Check list Meter Polarity Incorrect

1. Check drawing for correct P1-P2 directions

2. Check connection on polarity test set

NO FLICK ON METER

1. Open lines on C T Terminals

2. Check you have to correct numbers (ie C10 and C11)


Work Instruction Process for Inspection, Testing & Commissioning
of Electrical Switch Board & Switch Yard

5.3 Ratio Checks


This check is usually carried out to verify the ratio of the CT to the drawings.
Current is passed through the primary conductors and measured by means of the
test set ammeter or CT used in conjunction with the test set A1. The secondary
current is measured on the ammeter A2 in Figure 2 and A2 + A3 in Figure 3.

FIGURE 2 CURRENT TRANSFORMER CHECKS


(SINGLE PHASE)

P2 P1

S2 S1

A2

A1 51

250V AC supply

FIGURE 2 CURRENT TRANSFORMER CHECKS (SINGLE PHASE)


Work Instruction Process for Inspection, Testing & Commissioning
of Electrical Switch Board & Switch Yard

FIGURE 3 CURRENT TRANSFORMER


CHECKS
(TWO PHASES)

A1

Links open, ammeter


A2
A B C

in series
51

51

64

primary injection set

FIGURE 3 CURRENT TRANSFORMER CHECKS (TWO PHASES)

IMPORTANT: When injection of current is taking place make sure, if there is more than 1 CT
in that Phase that the CT’s not in test are shorted out and not open circuit.

5.4 Magnetization Curve


Work Instruction Process for Inspection, Testing & Commissioning
of Electrical Switch Board & Switch Yard

This test is carried out when commissioning to,

1. verify the CT is manufactures specs,


2. check that when the equipment has been assembled they have been wired
correctly, ie over-current and differential are correctly wired.

When checking aboard with metering, over-current and differential the knee point
curve should be very low with saturation flux as low as 20-30V were as the over-
current voltage will be around 120V to 180V. Differential CT’s have a knee point
around 500V upwards.

FIGURE 4 KNEE POINT OF


CT

V
Knee Point of C.T. 50% increase
in current to 10% increase in
voltage

FIGURE 4 KNEE POINT OF CT

Types of CT’s used,

Class 1 = Metering CT’s


IOP50 = Over-current type CT’s
005P2O = Differential type CT’s
Work Instruction Process for Inspection, Testing & Commissioning
of Electrical Switch Board & Switch Yard

FIGURE 5 TESTING CURRENT TX MAGNETIZING CURVE

C10 CII

Step up transformer
250V 1000V if required

Variable
Transformer

250V supply

FIGURE 5 TESTING CURRENT TX MAGNETISING CURVE


Work Instruction Process for Inspection, Testing & Commissioning
of Electrical Switch Board & Switch Yard

METHOD

Several points must be checked on each CT. This is done through a variable
transformer while the primary CT circuit remains open. See Figure 5. The
magnetizing current is measured on the ammeter A and the secondary voltage
using a voltmater. The applied voltage would be slowly raised until the
magnetizing current is seen to rise rapidly (50% increase in current to 10%
increase in voltage), for a small increase in voltage. This indicates the
approximate knee point of the CT. The magnetizing current should be recorded
using Technical Service sheets.

It is often found that the current transformer with a secondary rating of 1 ampere or
less have a knee point voltage higher than the legal main supply. In this case a
step up transformer may be required to obtain the necessary voltage to check the
curve.

5.5 Voltage Transformer Tests

The voltage transformer polarity can be checked with the test described for the
main current transformers, care must be taken to connect the battery supply to the
primary winding, with the polarity ammeter connected to the secondary winding if
the voltage transformer is of the capacitor type, then the polarity of the transformer
at the bottom of the capacitor stack should be checked.

5.6 Ratio Check

This check is carried out on HV voltage transformers to verify the ratio is correct.

Method

As in Figure 6 22kV side of transformer is energized using 415V. Readings should


be taken on LV side phase to phase to neutral. Taking the ratio into consideration
the voltage on the secondary of a 22000V/110V transformer should be phase
2.08V and phase to neutral 1.20V.
Work Instruction Process for Inspection, Testing & Commissioning
of Electrical Switch Board & Switch Yard

FIGURE 6 VOLTAGE RATIO TEST

Ratio 200:1

110V

FIGURE 6 VOLTAGE RATIO TEST

5.7 Phasing Check

The secondary connections for a three phase voltage transformer or a bank of


three single voltage transformers must be carefully checked for phasing. With the
main circuit alive, the secondary voltages between the phases and neutral must be
measured for correct magnitudes. The phase rotation should then be checked with
a phase rotation meter connected across the three phases, as shown in Figure 7.
Provided an existing proven VT is available on the same primary system and that
the secondary earthing is employed, all that is now necessary to prove correct
phasing is a voltage check between, both “A” phase secondary outputs, there
should be normally little or no voltage if the phasing is correct. B&C phase should
be checked also, this proves the system by means of secondary phasing checks.
Work Instruction Process for Inspection, Testing & Commissioning
of Electrical Switch Board & Switch Yard

FIGURE 7 TRANSFORMER PHASING


CHECK

Meter check R T or Voltage = OV

LV Winding

HV Winding

FIGURE 7 TRANSFORMER PHASING CHECK

5.8 Secondary Injection

These test are generally described in the manufactures service manual for relays,
but brief details are given below for the main types of protection relays.

Equipment

It is common practice to provide test blocks or test sockets in the relay circuits so
that connections can readily be made to test without disturbing wiring. A later
development was the test plug which can be used to plug into draw-out relay case
or into test block nominated near to a non draw-out relay case.
Work Instruction Process for Inspection, Testing & Commissioning
of Electrical Switch Board & Switch Yard

When used with a draw-ou relay the multiple figures of the test plug are inserted
between the contract stripes of the case and the draw-out chassis are normally
spinning together to make firm contact.

Since the top and bottom contact or each test plug finger is separated by an
insulation strip to relay circuits can be completely isolated from the switchgear wire
when the test plug is inserted, ie is most important to remember, that the correct
transformer shorting switches, will not be shorted links are fitted across all live side
CT terminals of the test plugs before it is inserted. When the test plus is inserted
in position all the test circuitry can now be connected to the isolated ‘Relay Side’
test plug terminals.

Withdrawing the test plug immediately restores the connections to the main current
transformers and voltage transformers removed is the test connections and also
the short circuits which had been applied to the main CT secondary circuits.

A recent development has been the testing facilities provided for the modular type
case. The heavy current connectors at the extreme right hand side of the case are
normally connecting the main A.C. and D.C. incoming supplies to the relay and
hold open short circuiting switches provided in the case to prevent CT secondary
circuits from being open circuited.

When these connections are removed, the relay is isolated and the main current
transformer incoming connections are automatically short circuited.

A test plug may then be inserted so that secondary injection test can take place.
As previously described for the draw-out case, care must be taken then inserting
plug as the CT terminals are open circuited. As previously described CT terminals
must have shorting links in before plug is inserted. The relay is now isolated for
testing in the case of an MCGG63 (over-current and earth fault relay) terminals 13
and 14 must be linked, 15 and 16 must be linked this give the relay its supply.
Care must be taken to make sure 13 is positive and 14 is negative at relay
terminals.
Work Instruction Process for Inspection, Testing & Commissioning
of Electrical Switch Board & Switch Yard

5.9 Hi-Pot Testing using Ferranti Hi-Pot Test Set

Cable testing as per AS 1026 & AS 1429

5.9.1 Insulation Test (Before)

For a XLPE cable, which is individually screened each core should be


tested between screen and core. Results should be in the high Meg-ohms.
Each test should be for 1 minute.

For cables which are not individually screened, each core should be tested
to earth with the other cores at earth potential. Results should be in high
Meg-ohms. Each test, should be 1 minute.

The above test should be carried out using test report number-------.

5.9.2 HV Test

(a) Core to Screen Test


For core to screen test, connect HV probe into negative output of test
set. Connect HV prove to core under test, and earth to screen of cable.
Turn on key switch, then HV switch. HV light should be on. With
voltage control knob wound back fully anticlockwise, a micro switch
should be heard operating. Slowly wind knob clockwise, observe
voltage increase and milliamp meter. Once required voltage has been
reached, time test for period specified. Discharge cores after each test,
using discharge stick.

(b) Core to Core Test


For core to core testing, connect HV probes into negative and positive
outputs of test set. Connect earth of test set to earth on cable. Connect
probes to cores under test, making sure spare core is connected to
positive output of test set. Turn on key switch, then HV switch, HV light
should be on. With voltage control know wound back fully
anticlockwise, a micro switch should be heard operating. Slowly wind
know clockwise, observing voltage increase and milli-amp meter. Once
required voltage has been reached, time test for period specified.
Discharge cores after each test, using discharge stick.
Work Instruction Process for Inspection, Testing & Commissioning
of Electrical Switch Board & Switch Yard

5.9.3 Insulation Test (After)

For a XLPE cable, which is individually screened, each core should be


tested between screen and core. Results should be in the high Meg-ohms.
Each test should be for 1 minute.

For cables which are not individually screened, each core should be tested
to earth with the other cores at earth potential. Results should be in the
high Meg-ohms. These test should be for 1 minute.

5.9.4 Cable Test Voltage after Insulation

Voltage Belted Cables Single Cores &


Designation kV Screened Cables
Between Between any Between any
Conductors kV Conductor & Conductor &
Shealth kV Sheath kV
0.6/1 3.5 3.5 3.5
1.9/3.3 10 7.0 7.0
3.8/6.6 20 15.0 15.0
6.35/11 34 25 25.0

NOTE: 1) Testing time of each core should be 15 minutes per core


2) For each repeat Hi-Pot Test, carried out on the same cable, reduce
voltage by 20%.
3) AS 1026 impregnated paper insulated cables
4) AS 1429 Polymeric Insulated cables up to 19/33kV (XLPE)

5.9.5 Safety Warnings

(a) Make sure, cable clearances are followed, Eg: Core to core clearance,
and core to earth are far enough apart to stop flash over during HV
Tests.

(b) Place danger sings at both ends of cable, warning Personnel of High
Voltage testing.
Work Instruction Process for Inspection, Testing & Commissioning
of Electrical Switch Board & Switch Yard

(c) Place barriers around both ends of cable preventing Personnel from
entering test area.

(d) If cables is in a situation where Personnel could come in contact with it,
or if it would be safer to have someone at the open end, do so.

(e) Take time in carrying out test, as High Voltage test sets have the
potential to KILL.

(f) Always discharge cables after each test.

5.10 Hi-Pot Testing using Biddle Hi-Pot Test Set

Cable testing as per AS 1026 & AS 1429

5.10.1 Insulation test of cable (Before)

For a XLPE cable which is individually screened, each core should be


tested between screen and core. Results should be in the high Meg-ohms.
Each test should be for 1 minute.

For cables which are not individually screened, each core should be tested
to earth with the other cores at earth potential. Results should be the high
Meg-ohms. Each test should be for 1 minute. The above test should be
carried out using test report number -------.

5.10.2 HV Test

(a) XLPE Individually Screened Cables

Connect HV probe to cable. With foot switch in position and depressed,


set dial to zero, this allows HV to be energized. Turn dial clockwise,
observing kV and mili-amp meters, until required voltage is reached.
Carry out test to all three cores individually. After each test discharge
cores using discharge stick.

(b) Unbelted Cables

Connect HV probe to core. Short other cores to earth. With foot switch
in position and depressed, set dial to zero, this allows HV to be
energized. Turn dial clockwise observing kV and milli-amps meters,
until required voltage is reached. Carry out test to all three cores
individually. After each test discharge cores using discharge stick.

NOTE: FOLLOW WARNING GIVEN ON TESTING


Work Instruction Process for Inspection, Testing & Commissioning
of Electrical Switch Board & Switch Yard

5.10.3 Insulation Test of Cables (After)

For a XLPE cable which is individually screened each core should be tested
between screen and core. Results should be in the high Meg-ohms. This
test should be for 1 minute.

For cables which are not individually screened each core should be tested
to earth with the other cores at earth potential. Result should be in the high
Meg-ohms. This test should be for 1 minute.

5.10.4 Cable Test Voltage after Installation

Voltage Belted Cables Single Cores &


Designation kV Screened Cables
Between Between any Between any
Conductors kV Conductor & Conductor &
Shealth kV Sheath kV
0.6/1 3.5 3.5 3.5
1.9/3.3 10 7.0 7.0
3.8/6.6 20 15.0 15.0
6.35/11 34 25 25.0
11/11 34 34.0 34.0
12.7/22 - 50.0 50.0
19/33 - 75.0 75.0

Note: 1. Testing time of each core should be 15 minutes per core.

2. For each repeat Hi-Pot test carried out on the same cable reduce
voltage 20%.

3. AS 1026 impregnated paper insulated cables.

4. AS 1429 Polymeric insulated cables up to 19.33 kV (XLPE)


Work Instruction Process for Inspection, Testing & Commissioning
of Electrical Switch Board & Switch Yard

5.10.5 Safety Warnings

(a) Make sure cable clearance are followed. Eg: Core to core clearances,
and core to earth are far enough apart to stop flash over during HV
tests.

(b) Place Danger signs at both ends of cable warning Personal of High
Voltage testing.

(c) Place barriers around both ends of cable, preventing Personal form
entering test area.

(d) If cable is in a situation were Personnel could come in contract with it,
or if it would be safer to have someone at the open end, do so. Take
your time in carrying out test as High Voltage test sets have the
potential to KILL.

5.11 Earth Resistance Test (ET5) To AS3000

5.11.1 Normal Method of Test

Join terminal C1 an dP1 together connecting a lead to the electrode under


test. The length of this lead should be kept to a minimum, as this will affect
the electrode. P2 lead can be connected to electrode which should be
between 15 and 25m from test point. C2 lead can be connected to an
electrode 15 to 25 meters away form P2. This must be kept in a line so P2
can pick up the volt drop between electrode under test (C1) and C2.

5.11.2 Fall of Potential Method

Join terminals C1 and P1 together connecting a lead to the electrode under


test. The length of this lead should be kept to a minimum, as this will affect
the electrode resistance. Lead resistance can be deducted by running two
leads for P1 and C1 to the electrode. P2 connection to spike should be
25m away from electrode under test. C2 should then be placed 25m from
P2 in a straight line. After a test has been carried out at this point P2 should
be moved about 3m either side of centre. If the first resistance is the same
as the first reading, or close to it. The mean value is used as the earth
resistance. If the readings are completely difference then the test using the
62 feet and 100 feet should apply.
Work Instruction Process for Inspection, Testing & Commissioning
of Electrical Switch Board & Switch Yard

5.11.3 The 62% Rule for Single Earth Systems

It is normal, to carry out the measurement of electrode resistance by full of


potential method! The 62% Rule involves positioning of potential spikes P
and C at intervals of 62 feet and 100 feet. Connecting cables to earth tester
to complete the current and voltage under test. To obtain a true reading, the
current spike must be correctly placed in line with electrode under test.
Since both electrode under test and C2 must be sufficiently apart to stop
resistance are of both spikes overlapping.

Graphically it can be demonstrated that:

The true resistance of the electrode to be tested is equal to the measured


resistance when the potential electrode is at a distance from the electrode.
This should be equal to 62% of the distance from the earth electrode to the
current electrode C2.

NOTE: This rule can only apply when all electrodes are in line and the earth
is a single electrode, pipe or plate.

5.11.4 Test Procedure

(a) Check battery condition before leaving workshop.

(b) Connect instrument for test required as explained on previous pages.

(c) Set range switch to X1 and resistor dial to 010 (eg 10 ohms).

(d) Press the test button and watch galvanometer movement.

(e) If the deflection is (+) increase resistor dial to provide more resistance
until pointer comes back to the center. Increase range switch if needed,
(eg X10).

(f) If the deflection is (-) decrease resistor dial to reduce resistance, until
pointer comes back to the center. Reduce range switch if required, (eg
X0-01).
Work Instruction Process for Inspection, Testing & Commissioning
of Electrical Switch Board & Switch Yard

(g) Resistance measured is reading on dials x range factor.

NOTE: Australian Standards required as follows:

(a) earthing HV and LV AS3000 Section 8.12

(b) Lighting protection systems AS1768 Section 3.11

5.11.5 Safety Precautions

All personnel involved in testing, should be warned of the voltage that can
be generated by earth tester.

The maximum voltage can be up to 200 bolts AC.

5.12 Ducter Testing (Switch Gear)

5.12.1 Connect load to Ducter test set, BLACK on the outer side and RED on the
inner. Select scale required, either micro-ohms or milli-ohms. Place probe
on busbar under test keeping the ‘P’ on probe on the inside while testing.
Wait until the reading settles then record on ____ test sheet.

5.12.2 Where applicable, results recorded should be checked against


manufacturers specification (if available). All phases should be within 30-40
micro-ohms. Some judgment by the testing technician may be required
under circumstances. Eg. Busbar, lengths are different Switch gear. This
may alter results over three phases up to 30%.
Work Instruction Process for Inspection, Testing & Commissioning
of Electrical Switch Board & Switch Yard

5.13 BLOCK DIAGRAM OF COMMISSIONING HV SWITCH YARD

Polarity Ratio Magnetisation Polarity Ratio


Test to Test to Curves to Test to Test to
CT's CT's CT's VT VT

Set Secondary Injection Ducter Test Ducter Test


Protection to Protection to to C.B.
Scheme Relays Connections
(Bus Bars)

Tester Function Energise


Injections Test to Switch yard Phase
Volts/Amps Circuit Breakers if required Rotation

5.14 BLOCK DIAGRAM OF COMMISSIONING HV SWITCH BOARDS

Polarity Ratio Magnetisation Polarity Ratio


Test to Test to Curves to Test to Test to
CT's CT's CT's VT VT

Set
Protection
Scheme

Secondary Ducter Test Ducter Test Meter Insulation


Injection to to Switchboard to Circuit Injection Megger Test
Protection Connections Breakers Volts/Amps to VT's
Scheme

Function Hi-Pot Hi-Pot Energise Phase


Test to Switchboard Circuit Switchboards Rotation
Circuit Breakers if required
Breakers
Work Instruction Process for Inspection, Testing & Commissioning
of Electrical Switch Board & Switch Yard

5.15 MIDOS Relay Types

MAVS Check synchronising relay


MBCH Biases differential protection
MBC1 Translay ‘S’ differential feeder protection
MBC2 Low impedance over-current relays
MCAG 11, 12 instantaneous over-current relays
MCAG 14 high stability circulating current delay
MCAG 19, 39 instantaneous over-current and earth fault relay
MCGG Over-current relays for phase and earth faults
MCHD Thermal replica relay
MCHG Motor protection relay
MCHN Motor protection relay
MCND Negative sequence over-current relay
MCRI Instantaneous over-current relay
MCSU Sensitive earth fault relay
MCTD Silicon rectifier and filter protection relay
MCTH Transformer current inrush detector
MCT1 Local breaker back-up relay
MGT1 Single pole directional relay
MFAC High impedance differential relay
MFVU21 Digital definite time frequency relay
MHO1204 High speed pilot wire protection
MRSUO1 Rotor earth fault protection relay
MRTP Supervision for AC pilot circuits
MSTZ02 Power supply unit (DC/AC converter)
MSTZ03 Power supply unit
MSTZ81 Power supply unit (current operated)
MVAA Tripping and auxiliary relays
MVAJ Tripping and control relays
MVAW Interposing relay
MVAX Trip circuit supervision relay
MVGC Static voltage regulating control relay
MVTC Inspection alarm and maintenance lockout relay
MVTD Inverse time delayed voltage relay
MVTP Bus bar supervision relay
MVTRO1 Auto re-close relay
MVTR51 Multi shot auto re-close relay
MVTR52 Multi shot auto re-close relay
MVTT14 15 digital time delay relays
Work Instruction Process for Inspection, Testing & Commissioning
of Electrical Switch Board & Switch Yard

MVTU Define time delay voltage relays


MVTW Destablising/inter-tripping relays
MVUA Time delayed auxiliary and tripping relays
MWTU01 Reverse power relay
MYTU Field failure relay
MZTU Under impedance relay

5.16 COMMISSIONING CHECK LIST

SWITCHBOARD HV/MV :
LOCATION:

YES NO
1. Polarity test to current transformers
2. Ratio test to current transformers
3. Magnetisation curves to current transformers
4. Polarity test to voltage transformers
5. Ratio test to voltage transformers
6. Set all protection relays
7. Secondary injection of all protection relays
8. Ducter test all connections (bus bar joints, etc)
9. Ducter test all circuit breakers with breakers closed
10. Secondary injection to prove metering
11. High Pot Switchboard
12. High Pot Circuit breakers
13. Energise Switchboard
14. Phase Rotation if required

SWITCH YARD HV :
LOCATION:
YES NO
1. Polarity test to CT’s
2. Ratio test to CT’s
3. Magnetisation curves to current transformers
4. Polarity test to voltage transformers
5. Ratio test to voltage transformers
6. Set protection scheme (relay settings)
7. Secondary injection of protection relays
8. Ducter test to bus bars and connections
Work Instruction Process for Inspection, Testing & Commissioning
of Electrical Switch Board & Switch Yard

YES NO
9. Ducter test to bus bars and connections
10. Secondary injection to prove metering
11. Function test to circuit breaker
12. Energise switch yard and carry out phase rotation

6.0 QUALITY RECORDS

DOCUMENT SITE AMENDMENT

Form Description of Quality Record Filing Archives Responsible


Location System Retention Person
no Oil Dielectric Strength Test Record QC/DC

no Cable Tray Inspection Check List QC/DC

no Cable Pulling Inspection Check List QC/DC

no Megger Readings (Power, Control QC/DC


Wire & Cable)
no Megger Readings (Elect. Equipment QC/DC
Incl. Motors)
no Insulating Resistance Test Records QC/DC
(Rotation)
no Ground well Resistance Readings QC/DC

no Megger Reading (Transformer) QC/DC

no Switchgear Inspection Record QC/DC

no 380V Switch Board Inspection QC/DC


Record
no Motor Control Center Inspection QC/DC
Record
no Liquid Filled TR. Inspection Check QC/DC
List
no Pre-Commissioning of Power QC/DC
Transformer
no Neutral Grounding Resistor QC/DC
Inspection Record
no Battery & Battery Charger & UPS QC/DC
Inspection Record
no Replacement of Field Control QC/DC
Station Test Record
no Internal Lighting Check Sheet QC/DC
Work Instruction Process for Inspection, Testing & Commissioning
of Electrical Switch Board & Switch Yard

DOCUMENT SITE AMENDMENT

Form Description of Quality Record Filing Archives Responsible


Location System Retention Person
no Underground Conduit Inspection QC/DC
Check List
no Above Ground Conduit Inspection QC/DC
Check List
no Overall Completion of Earthing Grid QC/DC

no Earthing Riser Layout QC/DC

no Earthing Wire Layout QC/DC

no Cadweld Connection of Earth Grid QC/DC


Wire
Work Instruction Process for Inspection, Testing & Commissioning
of Electrical Switch Board & Switch Yard
HIGH VOLTAGE CABLE TESTING

Contract Title Cable No.


Project No. From
Location To
Drum No. Voltage Rating
Test Drum Test Insulation Post Laying Insulation
Connection
Test Volts kV Reading MW Test Volts kV Reading MW
R-YBE
Y-RBE
B-RYE
E-RYB

Tested By Tested By
Date Date
Certified By Certified By
Accepted By Accepted By
Dielectric Test (After termination kit fitted)
Test INSULATION Applied Time Leakage INSULATION
Connection Test Volts Reading Pressure Seconds Current m Test Volts Reading
kV M kV Amps kV M
R-YBE
Y-RBE
B-RYE
E-RYB
Cable Continuity Checked YES/NO (Delete whichever is not applicable)
Cable Polarity Checked YES/NO
Connection Polarity Checked and Correct YES/NO
Connection Bolts Torque Checked YES/NO
REMARKS
R = Red, Y = Yellow, B = Black

TESTED BY DATE
CERTIFIED BY ACCEPTED BY
_________________ Client