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pikno kososng 33.

12 g
v pikno 24.572 ml
massa + etanol (gram)
No
Feed Bottom

1
2
3 57.34 57.23
4 57.11 56.26
5 57 55.82
6 57.03 55.91
7 57.16 56.04
8 57.18 56.12
9 57.26 55.96
10 57.37 56.13

Feed
Keterangan sampel
%Vol Flow rate (litter/jam)
sebelum reflux 10 65
setelah reflux
15 11 70
30 11 70
45 15 70
60 14 70
75 13 70
90 14 70
105 13 70
120 12 70
135 20 70
150 30 70
umpan masuk pada tray ke-4
kosentrasi feed masuk 17%
fluida
keterangan sampel in
flow rate suhu
sebelum reflux
setelah reflux
15 100
30 100
45 100
60 100
75 100
90 100
105 100
120 100
135 100
150 100

fluida
keterangan sampel in
flow rate suhu
sebelum reflux 100
setelah reflux
15 100 100
30 100 100
45 100 100
60 100 100
75 130 100
90 100 100
105 90 100
120 130 100
135 150 100
150 140 100

fluida
keterangan sampel in
flow rate suhu
sebelum reflux
setelah reflux
15 40 94
30 40 94
45 40 94
60 40 94
75 40 92
90 40 92
105
120
135
150

fluida panas (
keterangan sampel in
flow rate suhu
sebelum reflux
setelah reflux
15 70.9
30 78.9
45 81.3
60 78.2
75 78.4
90 75.4
105 80.8
120 81.5
135 80
150 80.8
a + etanol (gram) massa bahan (gram)
Destilat Feed Bottom

55.85 24.22 24.11


55.93 23.99 23.14
55.6 23.88 22.7
55.72 23.91 22.79
55.91 24.04 22.92
55.81 24.06 23
55.86 24.14 22.84
55.78 24.25 23.01

T hl
27 113.25
30 125.79
33 138.33
36 150.86
40 167.57

Perhitungan N
Feed
Suhu pada tangki umpan (C) Hv Hl
28 2552.6333333333 117.43

30 2556.3 125.79
32 2559.9 134.15
32 2559.9 134.15
31 2558.1 129.97
28 2552.6333333333 129.97
30 2556.3 125.79
31 2558.1 129.97
29 2554.4666666667 121.61
30 2556.3 125.79
38 2570.7 159.215

preheater
fluida panas (steam)
out
flow rate

Reboiler
fluida panas (steam)
out
flow rate

Cooler (plate & frame)


fluida panas (steam)
out
flow rate
kondensor
fluida panas (distilat fase uap ke liq)
out
flow rate
Basis 100 kg/jam

densitas (kg/liter)
Destilat Feed Bottom Destilat

22.73 0.986 0.981 0.925


22.81 0.976 0.942 0.928
22.48 0.972 0.924 0.915
22.6 0.973 0.927 0.920
22.79 0.978 0.933 0.927
22.69 0.979 0.936 0.923
22.74 0.982 0.930 0.925
22.66 0.987 0.936 0.922

hv
2550.8
2556.3
2561.7
2567.1
2574.3

Perhitungan Neraca Massa


Distilat
%Vol Flow rate (litter/jam) Suhu pada tangki umpan (C) Hv
4 28 2552.6333333333

45 20 30 2556.3
50 20 32 2559.9
52 20 32 2559.9
53 20 30 2556.3
54 20 31 2558.1
50 20 25 2547.2
51 20 35 2565.3
50 20 33 2561.7
56 20 31 2558.1
56 20 35 2565.3

preheater
fluida dingin (umpan)
in
suhu flow rate suhu

52.5 70
52 70
52.7 70
55.6 70
47.3 70
66.1 70
50.1 70
81.8 70
85.7 70
62.3 70

Reboiler
fluida dingin (bottom produk / uap + liq
in
suhu flow rate suhu
95

98 23 91
98.2 23 98
98 23 96
98 23 96
95 23 98
94 23 98
92 23 98
94 23 98
96 23 99
95 23 100

Cooler (plate & frame)


fluida dingin (bottom produk / uap + liq
in
suhu flow rate suhu

40 400 28
40 400 29
42 400 28
39 400 28
40 400 28
43 400 28
kondensor
fluida dingin (air pendingin)
in
suhu flow rate suhu

26.2 32 26.1
22.9 32 21.9
31.4 32 25.6
31.1 27.1
32 27.5
31.7 28
32.5 27.3
34.1 29.4
33.7 29
34.6 29.8
perhitungan plate %vol = etanol/camp
Feed Bottom Destilat Feed

68.997 39.248 18.501 0.110


68.342 37.669 18.566 0.110
68.029 36.953 18.297 0.150
68.114 37.099 18.395 0.140
68.484 37.311 18.550 0.130
68.541 37.441 18.468 0.140
68.769 18.590 18.509 0.130
69.083 18.729 18.444 0.120

Bottom
Hl %Vol Flow rate (litter/jam) Suhu pada tangki umpan (C)
117.43 11 65 37

125.79 7 40 36
134.15 5 40 35
134.15 3 40 32
125.79 3 40 30
129.97 2 40 31
104.89 1 40 33
146.6833333333 0 20 34
138.33 0 20 32
129.97 0 20 32
146.6833333333 0 20 35
da dingin (umpan)
out
flow rate suhu

(bottom produk / uap + liq)


out
flow rate suhu

(bottom produk / uap + liq)


out
flow rate suhu

31
35
35.5
29
35
42
dingin (air pendingin)
out
flow rate suhu

26.6
27.1
42.9
40.5
35.9
34.3
45.8
51.7
46.3
52.6
Mr etanol 46
Mr air 18

%vol = etanol/campuran massa


Bottom Destilat Feed Bottom Destilat
etanol air etanol air etanol

0.070 0.450 7.590 92.410 2.747 97.253 8.325


0.050 0.500 7.518 92.482 1.883 98.117 9.283
0.030 0.520 10.204 89.796 1.109 98.891 9.515
0.030 0.530 9.536 90.464 1.113 98.887 9.749
0.020 0.540 8.903 91.097 0.746 99.254 10.017
0.010 0.500 9.596 90.404 0.374 99.626 9.234
0.000 0.510 8.940 91.060 0.000 100.000 9.440
0.000 0.500 8.290 91.710 0.000 100.000 9.222

Hv Hl
2568.90 155.04

2567.10 150.86
2565.30 146.68
2559.90 134.15
2556.30 125.79
2558.10 129.97
2561.70 138.33
2563.50 142.51
2559.90 134.15
2559.90 134.15
2565.30 146.68
mol
Destilat Feed Bottom Destilat
air etanol air total etanol air total etanol air total

91.675 0.165 5.134 5.299 0.060 5.403 5.463 0.181 5.093 5.274
90.717 0.163 5.138 5.301 0.041 5.451 5.492 0.202 5.040 5.242
90.485 0.222 4.989 5.210 0.024 5.494 5.518 0.207 5.027 5.234
90.251 0.207 5.026 5.233 0.024 5.494 5.518 0.212 5.014 5.226
89.983 0.194 5.061 5.254 0.016 5.514 5.530 0.218 4.999 5.217
90.766 0.209 5.022 5.231 0.008 5.535 5.543 0.201 5.043 5.243
90.560 0.194 5.059 5.253 0.000 5.556 5.556 0.205 5.031 5.236
90.778 0.180 5.095 5.275 0.000 5.556 5.556 0.200 5.043 5.244

data hv dan hl
T hl hv
27 113.25 2550.8
30 125.79 2556.3
33 138.33 2561.7
36 150.86 2567.1
40 167.57 2574.3
fraksi
Feed Bottom Destilat
Xf Xb xd

0.031 0.011 0.034


0.031 0.007 0.038
0.043 0.004 0.040
0.040 0.004 0.041
0.037 0.003 0.042
0.040 0.001 0.038
0.037 0.000 0.039
0.034 0.000 0.038
No
Feed
T(C)
1 30
2 32
3 32
4 31 0.986
5 28 0.976
6 30 0.972
7 31 0.973
8 29 0.978
9 30 0.979
10 38 0.982
0.987