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BAB IV
NERACA MASSA DAN NERACA PANAS

4.1. NERACA MASSA

Kapasitas produksi : 78.000 ton/tahun


Operasi/tahun : 300 hari
Basis perhitungan : 1 jam operasi

4.1.1. MIX POINT - 01 (MP-01)

MASUK (kg) KELUAR (kg)


No. Zat
Aliran 1 Aliran 27 Aliran 2
1 CO 5,136.319 1,284.080 6,420.398
2 N2 2.568 77,044.782 77,047.350
5,138.887 78,328.862
TOTAL 83,467.748
83,467.749

4.1.2. MIX POINT - 02 (MP-02)

MASUK (kg) KELUAR (kg)


No. Zat
Aliran 18 Aliran 20 Aliran 21
1 CH3OH 5,883.139 25.694 5,908.834
2 H2O 23.627 - 23.627
3 KOCH3 - 11.019 11.019
5,906.766 36.706
Total 5,943.472
5,943.472

4.1.3. MIX POINT - 03 (MP-03)


16

MASUK (kg) KELUAR (kg)


No. Zat
Aliran 21 Aliran 16 Aliran 22

1 CH3OH 5,908.834 3,120.314 1,757.903


2 H2O 23.627 - 4.600
3 KOCH3 11.012 - 2.144
4 HCOOCH3 - 10.844 2.111

1,157.146 609.611
Total 1,766.758
1,766.758

4.1.4. REAKTOR – 01 (R-01)

MASUK (kg) KELUAR (kg)


No. Zat
Aliran 4 Aliran 23 Aliran 5 Aliran 24
1 CO 6,420.398 - 1,284.080 -
2 CH3OH - 9,029.148 3,130.133 23,417
3 HCOOCH3 - 10.844 11,022.761 -
4 KOCH3 - 11.012 - 11.012
5 H2O - 23.627 - 23.627
6 N2 77,047.350 - 77,047.350 -
83,467.748 9,074.631 92,484.324 58.056
TOTAL
92,542.380 92,542.380

4.1.5. PARSIAL CONDENSER - 01 (PC-01)


17

MASUK (kg) KELUAR (kg)


No. Zat
Aliran 6 Aliran 25 Aliran 7
1 CO 1,284.080 1,284.080 -
2 CH3OH 3,130.133 3.578 3,126.555
3 HCOOCH3 11,022.761 178.584 10,844.177
4 N2 77,047.350 77,047.350 -
78,513.592 13,970.732
TOTAL 92,484.324
92,484.324

4.1.6. KOLOM DESTILASI – 01 (KD-01)

MASUK (kg) KELUAR (kg)


No. Zat
Aliran 8 Aliran 11 Aliran 16
1 HCOOCH3 10,844.177 10,833.333 10.844
2 CH3OH 3,126.555 6.241 3,120.314
10,839.573 3,131.158
TOTAL 13,970.732
13,970.732

4.1.7. CONDENSER – 01 (CD-01)

MASUK (kg) KELUAR (kg)


No. Zat
Aliran 9 Aliran 10 Aliran 11
1 HCOOCH3 12,262.778 0.823 6.241
2 CH3OH 7.064 1,429.445 10,8333.333
1,430.268 10,839.573
TOTAL 12,269.842
12,269.842

4.1.8. REBOILER – 01 (RB-01)

MASUK (kg) KELUAR (kg)


No. Zat
Aliran 14 Aliran 15 Aliran 16
1 HCOOCH3 33.566 22.722 10.844
2 CH3OH 9,658.271 6,537.957 3,120.314
18

6,560.679 3,131.158
TOTAL 9,691.837
9,691.837

4.1.9. SPLIT POINT – 01 (SP-01)

MASUK (kg) KELUAR (kg)


No Zat
Aliaran 25 Aliran 26 Aliran 27
1 CO 1,284.078 - 1,284.078
2 CH3OH 3.578 3.578 -
3 HCOOCH3 178.584 178.584 -
4 N2 77,047.350 2.568 77,044.782
184.730 78,328.862
TOTAL 78,513.592
78,513.592

4.2 NERACA PANAS

4.2.1 MIX POINT- 01 (MP – 01)


Q MASUK (kJ) KELUAR(kJ)
Q1 3203.473 -
Q27 30052.540 -
Q2 - 33256.013
TOTAL 33256.013 33256.013
19

Q MASUK (kJ) KELUAR (kJ)


4.2.2 Q6 26,086,850.753 - PREHEATER – 01

Qa, in 136,719.989 - (PH – 01)


Q
Q7 MASUK
- (kJ) KELUAR (kJ)
-5744.848
Q
Q325 -33256.013 -
26,080,931.572
Qs,
Qlcin -12879.695 -
-395,0754.787
Q4out
Qa, -- 43721.386
-380,2370.770
Qk, out - 2414.322
TOTAL 26,223,570.742 26,223,570.742
TOTAL 46135.708 46135.708

4.2.3 REAKTOR– 01 (R – 01)


Q MASUK (kJ) KELUAR (kJ)
Q4 43721.386 -
Q23 764150.375 -
Qw, in -22098638.738 -
Qr - -4315.946
Q5 - 26097038.255
Q24 - 12143.375
Qw, out -47395632.661

TOTAL -21290776.976 -21290776.976

4.2.4 PARSIAL CONDENSER – 01 (PC – 01)


20

4.2.5 HEATER – 01 (H – 01)

Q MASUK (kJ) KELUAR (kJ)


Q7 -7074.987 -
Qs, in 8,375.181 -
Q8 - -269.749
Qk, out - 1,569.943
TOTAL 1,300.194 1,300.194

4.2.6 KOLOM DESTILASI – 01 (KD – 01)

Q MASUK (kJ) KELUAR (kJ)


Q8 -269.749 -
QR 609,476.815 -
Qc - 583,624.722
Q10 - -4,764.706
Q14 - 30,347.050

TOTAL 609,207.066 609,207.066

4.2.7 CONDENSER – 01 (CD – 01)

Q MASUK (kJ) KELUAR (kJ)


21

Qc 583,624.722 -
Qv -5,393.403 -
Qw, in 509,835.751 -
Qw, out - 1,093,460.473
Q10 - -4,764.706
Ql - -628.697

TOTAL 1,088,067.070 1,088,067.070

4.2.8 REBOILER– 01 (R – 01)

Q MASUK (kJ) KELUAR (kJ)


QL* 93,932.863 -
Qs, in 4,227,640.676 -
QRb - 3,435,161.907
QV* - 3,435,161.907
QVb - 30,347.050
Qk, out - 792,478.770

TOTAL 4,321,573.539 4,321,573.539

4.2.9 MIX POINT – 02 (MP – 02)

Q MASUK (kJ) KELUAR (kJ)


Q19 5,122.014 -
Q21 58,611.201 -
Q22 - 63,733.215
TOTAL 63,733.215 63,733.215
4.2.10 MIX POINT – 03 (MP – 03)

Q MASUK (kJ) KELUAR (kJ)


Q16 30,347.052 -
Q22 63,554.804 -
Q17 - 93,901.856
TOTAL 93,901.856 93,901.856
22

4.2.11 PREHEATER – 02 (PH – 02)

Q MASUK (kJ) KELUAR (kJ)


Q17 107,804.968 -
Qs, in 807,761.793 -
Q23 - 764,150.375
Qk, out - 151,416.386
TOTAL 915,566.761 915,566.761

4.2.12 SPLIT POINT – 01 (SP – 01)

Q MASUK (kJ) KELUAR (kJ)


Q25 26,080,931.572 -
Q26 - 30,052.540
Q27 - 26,050,879.032
TOTAL 26,080,931.572 26,080,931.572