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Table of contents

• Type of cell
• The type of network
• Part of plant cells
• External links

The plant cell is the smallest part of each plant organ. Plant cells are the driving force of a plant itself.
Plant cells are quite different with other cell eukaryotic organisms. Differentiated features include:

 a large vacuole (surrounded by a membrane, called tonoplas), which maintain cell turgor and
controls movement of molecules between the cytosol and sap.
 The cell walls are composed of cellulose and protein, in many cases lignin, and is kept by the
protoplasm outside the cell membrane. This is different from the cell walls of fungi, which are
made of chitin, and prokaryotic, that are made of peptidoglycan.
 plasmodesmata, a connecting pores in the cell walls of plant cells allowing each to communicate
with other adjacent cells. This is different from a network of hyphae used by fungi.
 plastids, particularly chloroplasts containing chlorophyll, the pigment that gives green color to
plants and allow photosynthesis.
 Group plants do not berflagella (including conifers and flowering plants) also do not have
centrioles found in animal cells.

TYPE OF CELL
 Parenchyma cells - These cells have the function to support the establishment of the plant,
is also the basis for all the structures and functions of plants. Parenchyma cells have primary
walls are thin, and cytoplasm are very functional. These cells live as adults, and is
responsible for the biochemical function.
 Kolenkim cell kolenkim cells arranged as a file or a cylinder near the surface of the cortex on
the stems and leaf stalks and large leaves on the bone along the leaf blade. Kolenkim rarely
found in the roots. Kolenkim is a living tissue, closely related to the parenchyma, and
specialized as an advocate for the young organ. Cell lines ranged prism shape to an
elongated shape. Kolenkim cells have primary walls thicker than parenchyma cells. The walls
are not thickened evenly and that is his trademark. Parenchyma cells have secondary walls
and lignin.
 Cells Cells sklerenkim sklerenkim forming a continuous collection of cells or in the form of a
slim file. In addition, there are also separate sklerenkim among other cells. Sklerenkim can
be grown in primary or secondary plant body. The walls are thick, secondary and often
berlignin, and in adulthood protoplasnya be lost.
Sklerenkim network also includes a simple permanent tissue types. There are two types of
cells in this tissue, ie, fibers and sklereida. Both types of cells are very thick walls containing
cellulose and lignin which is secreted by the protoplast cells. Protoplas die if the wall
reaches its maximum thickness. Fibers are cells that are very long with a pointed end of the
cell. The fibers have the strength and great flexibility. Because of the power and flexibility
that these cells are used in the manufacture of the coils, ropes, mats and various textiles.
Sklereida such as thick-walled fibers and hard, but the cell short sklereida and not along
fibers. Sklerida can be found for example on apples, sklereida build an important part of tree
bark.

Type of network

Cell Arabidopsis

 Network epidermis - the outermost tissue that wraps plants


 Network carrier - a role in transportation in the plant body
Network carrier (vascular tissue) is one of the three groups of permanent network owned green
vascular plants (Tracheophyta). This network is also called the main vessel and serves as the main
channel nutrient transport substances needed in the vital processes of plants. Network carrier (vascular
tissue) is one of the three groups of permanent network owned green vascular plants (Tracheophyta).
This network is also called the main vessel and serves as the main channel nutrient transport substances
needed in the vital processes of plants.

There are two groups of carrier networks, based on the direction of nutrient flow. Timber vessels
(xylem) transports the liquid to the leaves. The source can be derived from the root (main) or from other
parts of the plant. Filter vessels (phloem) transports a result of photosynthesis (especially sugar sucrose)
and other substances from the leaves to the body parts of other plants. Both vessels timber and filter
vessels have several slightly different types of cells.

The roots and stems, timber vessels and filter typically composed of concentric: timber vessels were on
the inside while the outer filter vessels. There are some exceptions to this arrangement. Most members
of Asteraceae have an inverted position. In between there is a vascular cambium layer / vascular.
Cambium is what is the meristematic tissue that forms the second carrier network earlier.
On the leaves, both vessels will be located side by side and arranged on the bone tissue of leaves
and net arrangement shown in leaves. Both networks will be incorporated into bundles (bundles)
are glued together by pectin and cellulose. On the leaves of corn and certain other C4 plants,
these files are protected by special cells - known as the bundle-sheath cells (bundle sheath) - the
physiological role in the photosynthetic pathway typical. Filter vessels are usually located on the
lower side (abaksial) or backs of leaves, while the timber vessels were on the other side
(adaksial). This became the cause of aphids prefer perched on the back side of the leaves because
they are more easily reach the filter vessels to suck the sugar.

 There are two groups of carrier networks, based on the direction of nutrient flow. Timber
vessels (xylem) transports the liquid to the leaves. The source can be derived from the root
(main) or from other parts of the plant. Filter vessels (phloem) transports a result of
photosynthesis (especially sugar sucrose) and other substances from the leaves to the body
parts of other plants. Both vessels timber and filter vessels have several slightly different types
of cells.
 At the roots and stems, timber vessels and filter typically composed of concentric: timber
vessels were on the inside while the outer filter vessels. There are some exceptions to this
arrangement. Most members of Asteraceae have an inverted position. In between there is a
vascular cambium layer / vascular. Cambium is what is the meristematic tissue that forms the
second carrier network earlier.
 On leaves, both vessels will be located side by side and arranged on the bone tissue of leaves
and net arrangement shown in leaves. Both networks will be incorporated into bundles
(bundles) are glued together by pectin and cellulose. On the leaves of corn and certain other C4
plants, these files are protected by special cells - known as the bundle-sheath cells (bundle
sheath) - the physiological role in the photosynthetic pathway typical. Filter vessels are usually
located on the lower side (abaksial) or backs of leaves, while the timber vessels were on the
other side (adaksial). This became the cause of aphids prefer perched on the back side of the
leaves because they are more easily reach the filter vessels to suck the sugar.
 Network soil - perform photosynthesis, food storage, and a proponent of the structure.

 Parenchyma - thin primary wall, do not have a secondary wall; can develop into more
specialized plant tissues.
 Kolenkim - primer thick walls, combine to
support parts of the plant that is growing.
 Sklerenkim - thick secondary walls,
supporting parts of the plant that does
not grow.
Part of plant cells
o Cell membrane o mitochondrion
o The cell walls  Microtubules
o Plasmodesma  Microfilaments
o Vacuole  Lysosomes
 Tonoplas  Micro Body
 Crystal
 Hyaloplasma
o Plastids
 The chloroplasts  Nuclei
 Leukoplas  Membran nuclear
 Kromoplas  Pori-pori nuclear
o Golgi Body  DNA
o Ribosomes  Kromatin
o The endoplasmic reticulum
 RNA
external links

 Deepening of plant cells


 Model interactive plant cells
 Click here to view images of plant cells

Herbs have the evolution high , is eukaryotic organisms containing cell organelles membrane-bound
.Although plants and animals them belonging to eukaryotic , they differ in features characteristic of
certain .For example , cells herbs having cell walls a well-developed and vacuoles large , while animal
cells not having the parts that structure .Besides structural differences , cells plant does not have
sentriol and filaments medium , that was found in animal cells .

Cells herbs typical consisting of cytoplasm and organelles .Even , all organel except nucleus ) and
structure subselular present in the cytoplasm of , would be closed by a protective coating ( cell walls and
a cell membrane ) .The scientific study has done about cell organelles and their functions .Every organel-
organel cells herbs has a particular function , without any the cell is not can operate well .

Cells herbs protected of the neighborhood around by cell walls and the cell membrane .Notice that they
are the surface structure of a and not cell organelles .They not only give shape , support , and strength
for the cells , but also help in transportation .When it comes in an organelle found in cells herbs , they
are more or less similar to animal cells , except that the latter not having chloroplasts , responsible for
photosynthesis .The following is a list of an organelle found in cells herbs .

Cell organelles herbs.

Cell organelles herbs # a nucleus ( nucleus )


Nucleus ( plural nuklei is cell organelles a very special, that stores components genetics ( the
chromosomes ) of certain cells.Nucleus serves as the administrative center main cells with coordinate
metabolic processes as cell growth, cell division, and protein synthesis.Together, the nucleus and its
contents called as nucleoplasm.

Cell organelles herbs # the plastids ( chloroplasts )


A plastid is collective term for an organelle bring a pigment .In a cell herbs , chloroplasts is the shape
that most prominent of a plastid containing pigments chlorophyll green .Because the plastids
chloroplasts this , cell herbs having the ability to undergo photosynthesis by the presence of the rays of
the sun , water , and carbon dioxide to synthesize his own .

Cell organelles herbs ribosome


Ribosome is organel herbs consists of a protein ( 40 percent ) and ribonucleic acid or rna ( 60 percent )
.Them in charge for protein synthesis .In the cell , ribosome can emerge freely ( ribosome free or maybe
attached to organel other , reticulum reticulum ( ribosome bound ) .Every ribosome consisting of two
parts , namely subunit large and small subunit
Cell organelles herbs # motocondria
motocondria ( singular mitolondrion is organel large) , spherical or rod-shaped present in the cytoplasm
of a cell herbs .They breaks down carbohydrates complex and sugar into the form of that can be used
for plants .Motocondria containing certain enzymes that is essential for the energy supply to the cells
herbs .Hence , cell organelles is known as power plant cells .

Cell organelles herbs # agency golgi a body golgi also called the complex golgi or apparatus golgi .This
organel played a major role in hauling a chemical substance in and out of the cell .After reticulum
reticulum synthesize fat and protein , agency golgi change and prepare them to export out cells
.Arranged in the pattern like a sac , this organel located near the nucleus of a cell .