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Coordinates: 26°N 30°E

Arab Republic of Egypt

‫[جمهورية مصر العربية‬show]


Coat of arms

Anthem: "Bilady, Bilady, Bilady"

"‫ بالدي‬،‫ بالدي‬،‫"بالدي‬
"My country, my country, my country"



Capital Cairo
and largest city 30°2′N 31°13′E

Official languages Arabic

National language Egyptian Arabic[a]

Religion See Religion in Egypt

Demonym Egyptian

Government Unitary semi-presidential


• President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi

• Prime Minister Mostafa Madbouly
• House Speaker Ali Abdel Aal

Legislature House of Representatives


• Muhammad Ali 9 July 1805[1]

• Independence from 28 February 1922
United Kingdom
• Republic declared 18 June 1953
• Revolution Day 23 July 1952
• Current constitution 18 January 2014

• Total 1,010,408[2] km2(390,121 sq mi) (29th)
• Water (%) 0.632

• 2017 census 94,798,827[3]
• Density 96/km2 (248.6/sq mi) (118th)

GDP (PPP) 2019 estimate

• Total $1.393 trillion [4](21st)
• Per capita $14,045[4] (100th)

GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate

• Total $237.073 billion[4](49th)
• Per capita $2,501[4] (113th)

Gini (2015) 31.8[5]


HDI (2017) 0.696[6]

medium · 115th
Currency Egyptian pound (E£) (EGP)

Time zone UTC+2[c] (EET)

Drives on the right

Calling code +20

ISO 3166 code EG

Internet TLD  .eg

 .‫مصر‬

a. ^ Literary Arabic is the sole official language.[7]Egyptian Arabic is

the national spoken language. Other dialects and minority
languages are spoken regionally.

b. "Among the peoples of the ancient Near East, only the Egyptians
have stayed where they were and remained what they were, although
they have changed their language once and their religion twice. In a
sense, they constitute the world's oldest nation".[8][9] Arthur
Goldschmidt Jr.

c. ^ See Daylight saving time in Egypt.

Egypt (/ˈiːdʒɪpt/ ( listen) EE-jipt; Arabic: ‫ مِ صر‬Miṣr, Egyptian

Arabic: ‫ َمصر‬Maṣr, Coptic: Ⲭ ⲏ ⲙ ⲓ Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a country
spanning the northeast corner of Africaand southwest corner of Asia by a land bridgeformed by
the Sinai Peninsula. Egypt is a Mediterranean country bordered by the Gaza Strip and Israel to
the northeast, the Gulf of Aqaba to the east, the Red Sea to the east and south, Sudan to the
south, and Libya to the west. Acr