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PHASES OF TEACHING

UNIT II

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


ANATOMY /STRUCTURE OF TEACHING

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


ANATOMY /STRUCTURE OF TEACHING

1.      Teacher as an independent variable

The teacher plans the role of independent variables. Students


are dependent on him in the teaching process. The teacher does
the planning, organizing, leading and controlling of teaching
for bringing about behavioural changes in the students. Teacher
is free to perform various activities for providing learning
experiences to students.

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


ANATOMY /STRUCTURE OF TEACHING

2.      Students as dependent variable

The student is required to act according to the planning


and organization of the teacher. Teaching activities of
the teacher influence the learning of the students.

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


ANATOMY /STRUCTURE OF TEACHING

3.      Intervening variables

The intervening variables lead to interaction between the


teachers and the students. The content determines the mode of
presentation-telling, showing and doing etc.

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU
PRE – ACTIVE PHASE OF TEACHING

1) Selection of the content to be taught


2) Organisation of the content
3) Justification of the principles of teaching to be used
4) Selection  of the appropriate methods of teaching
5)Decision about the preparation and usage of 
evaluation tools

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


Suggested activities in the Pre-active phase of teaching

Determining goals / objectives


Selection of the content to be taught
Sequencing the elements of content for presentation
Selection about the instructional methodology
How and when of teaching strategies

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


INTERACTIVE PHASE OF TEACHING

Activities in the inter-active phase of teaching

Sizing up of the class

As the teacher enters the classroom, first of all perceives


the size of the class. Teacher throws his eyes on all the
pupils of the class in a few moments. A teacher should
appears as an efficient and impressive personality.

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


INTERACTIVE PHASE OF TEACHING

Activities in the inter-active phase of teaching

Knowing the learners

After having a feeling of class-size, the teacher makes efforts to know


how much the new comers or pupils have previous knowledge. He
tries to know the abilities , Interests, academic background of
learners and attitude.

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


INTERACTIVE PHASE OF TEACHING

Activities in the inter-active phase of teaching

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


INTERACTIVE PHASE OF TEACHING

Activities in the inter-active phase of teaching

1. Perception

Interaction process demands an appropriate perception on


the part of teacher as well as the students. When a teacher
enters the class, his first activity is concerned with a
perception of classroom climate. He tries to weigh
himself ,his abilities for teaching against the class group.
Similarly students also tries to have perception of the
abilities, behaviour and personality characteristics of the
teacher.

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


INTERACTIVE PHASE OF TEACHING

Activities in the inter-active phase of teaching

2) Diagnosis

A teacher tries to access the achievement level of his


students with regards to their abilities, interest and
aptitude. The teacher can asks several questions to know
how far students know about the topic.

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


INTERACTIVE PHASE OF TEACHING

Activities in the inter-active phase of teaching

3) Reaction Process

Under this stage teacher observes the students that how they
response to the teacher’s questions. The student has to learn
the proper way of reacting and responding to the various
stimuli and teaching techniques presented to it. This phase is
responsible for establishing appropriate verbal and non verbal
class room interaction between teacher and pupils.

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


POST-ACTIVE PHASE OF TEACHING

Post-teaching phase, is the one that involves teacher’s


activities such as analysing evaluation results to
determine students’ learning, especially their problems
in understanding specific areas, to reflect on the
teaching by self, and to decide on the necessary
changes to be brought in the system in the next
instructional period.

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


POST-ACTIVE PHASE OF TEACHING

The Post-active Phase this phase concerns with the


evaluation activities. This can be done in number of ways
including tests or quizzes or by observing student’s
reaction of questions or comments.

In this phase, as the teaching task sums up, the teacher


asks the questions from the pupils, verbally or in written
form, to measure the behaviours of the pupils so that their
achievements may be evaluated correctly.

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


POST-ACTIVE PHASE OF TEACHING

Evaluation aspect includes all those activities which can


evaluate the achievements of the pupils and attainment of the
objectives. Without evaluation teaching is an incomplete
process. It is related with both teaching and learning.

1.Defining the exact dimensions of the changes caused by


teaching.
2.Selecting appropriate testing devices and techniques.
3.Changing the strategies in terms of evidences gathered.

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU