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Unit II

UNDERSTANDING LEVEL OF
TEACHING

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


MEANING

• Generalising rules or principles

• Students can identify the relationship between


individual facts and principles

• Acquisition of new facts and applying in practical


life

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


UNDERLYING PSYCHOLOGICAL
THEORIES

Herbartian theory

• Systematic presentation of the subject with the


previous knowledge of the student

• Previous knowledge- systematic presentation of


the subject- generalisation

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


UNDERLYING PSYCHOLOGICAL
THEORIES

Gestalt field theory

Perceive the situation

Identify relationship of common elements

Gained insight applied in problematic situation

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


UNDERLYING PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORIES

Gestalt field theory

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU
Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU
OBJECTIVES

1.Knowledge objective
Factual information

2. Understanding objectives
•See the relationship between acquired facts
•Identify similarities and dissimilarities between
the acquired facts
•Generalisations
Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU
NATURE OF THE SUBJECT
MATTER

★Planning, sequential, organised


presentation and meaningful
learning

★Linked with previous knowledge


Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU
ROLE OF TEACHER

• Dominant and authoritative

• Too much subject centred- full


attention on desired understanding
objectives
Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU
ROLE OF LEARNER

✴Activein acquiring the desired


understanding of the learned facts
✴Students have to act and interact

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


NATURE OF MOTIVATION

Extrinsic motivation

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


METHODS EMPLOYED

๏Lecture cum demonstration or


explanation

๏Question- answer method

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


TESTING DEVICES USED

➡Testing of recall and recognising ability

➡Motor skills of making use of the learned


principle

➡Short answer type questions

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


MERITS
‣Long retention of learned information

‣Acquisition and interpretation of new facts

‣Levels of teaching- analysing, synthesising,


comparing, generalisations can be
performed at this level of teaching
Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU
DEMERITS
๏ Teacher and subject centred rather than
child centred

๏Lack of independent thinking and problem


solving skills

๏Lack of cognitive ability and independent


thinking
Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU