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ArmaCAD V9

User Manual

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Contents

1 Presentation of ArmaCAD ________________________________________________ 4


2 Changes in version 9 _____________________________________________________ 5
3 Setup and getting started __________________________________________________ 6
4 Commands ____________________________________________________________ 10
4.1 Standard bars ___________________________________________________________ 10
4.2 Bars with hooks__________________________________________________________ 13
4.3 Figurative bars __________________________________________________________ 14
4.4 Frames, stirrups and ties __________________________________________________ 21
4.5 Variable bars ____________________________________________________________ 22
4.6 Special bars _____________________________________________________________ 23
4.7 Great length bars ________________________________________________________ 26
4.8 Welded fabrics___________________________________________________________ 29
4.9 Modify properties ________________________________________________________ 34
4.10 Add a coupler__________________________________________________________ 38
4.11 Add a hook ____________________________________________________________ 39
4.12 Modify a hook _________________________________________________________ 40
4.13 Shift a segment_________________________________________________________ 41
4.14 Cut and overlap ________________________________________________________ 42
4.15 Rakes ________________________________________________________________ 43
4.16 Single bar marks _______________________________________________________ 45
4.17 Change scale __________________________________________________________ 47
4.18 Copy / Mirror _________________________________________________________ 48
4.19 Fill <-> Wire __________________________________________________________ 50
4.20 Thicken_______________________________________________________________ 51
4.21 Bar end marking _______________________________________________________ 52
4.22 List a bar _____________________________________________________________ 53
4.23 Search ________________________________________________________________ 56
4.24 Associated bar marks ___________________________________________________ 57
4.25 Edit a bar mark ________________________________________________________ 66
4.26 Dim lines______________________________________________________________ 68
4.27 Bar marks control ______________________________________________________ 70
4.28 Bar schedules __________________________________________________________ 73

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5 Additional commands ___________________________________________________ 77
5.1 Audit___________________________________________________________________ 77
5.2 CAM module ____________________________________________________________ 78
5.3 Tool box ________________________________________________________________ 79
5.4 Management of configurations _____________________________________________ 80
5.5 Compatibility with dimensioning software programs ___________________________ 82
6 Popup menus __________________________________________________________ 83
7 Settings and customization _______________________________________________ 84
7.1 Project options___________________________________________________________ 84
7.2 Bending standards _______________________________________________________ 86
7.3 Bar schedules____________________________________________________________ 87
7.4 Rebars weight ___________________________________________________________ 91
7.5 Shape codes _____________________________________________________________ 93
7.6 Welded fabrics___________________________________________________________ 96
7.7 Couplers________________________________________________________________ 98
7.8 Support files_____________________________________________________________ 99
7.9 User Options ___________________________________________________________ 101

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1 Presentation of ArmaCAD
 ArmaCAD is an application that generates reinforcement drawings, with automatic bar schedule
generation.
 ArmaCAD runs under AutoCAD® from release 2004 to 2010 and Bricscad releases 9.3 and
higher. ArmaCAD data from these different versions is fully compatible.
 ArmaCAD can be used to work in 2D or 3D, in fill or wire, full size or figurative bar mode.
 ArmaCAD objects can be handled with all AutoCAD® and Bricscad® commands, without
exception.
 All or part of an ArmaCAD drawing can be used in another drawing, simply using the copy and
paste function, without any data loss, with automatic agglomeration in the new drawing.
 ArmaCAD is provided with a shape recognition program enabling the creation and recognition of
all shape types.
 ArmaCAD handles special bars such as rings, spirals, chairs, hoops and lifting bars.
 ArmaCAD handles coupled or threaded bars on any type of shape.
 ArmaCAD handles welded fabrics with automatic overlapping and cutting. In the event of
stretching, overlaps are automatically updated.
 ArmaCAD manages the bar layers, whether varying linearly or not between two thresholds, by
automating the calculation of the necessary overlaps and performing the automatic updating of the
bars in the event of modification of the forming or of the spacing value.
 ArmaCAD is capable of changing the bar diameter while updating the bending diameters and any
standard hooks, and retaining the initial cover.
 Design control is continuous, from bar creation to bar schedule generation. All the design error
messages are perfectly explicit and are always accompanied by a direct display of the part(s) on
error on the screen.
 The diameter of all the representations of the same bar on several views is updated automatically.
 The bar mark number can be updated dynamically by simply stretching the dimension lines or
rakes.
 ArmaCAD enables very easy changes to the bar numbering system to invert, shift and insert bar
marks.
 The bar schedule can be generated at any time. Bar marks do not need to be updated, since they
are updated automatically whenever a modification is made to a bar. All the summaries are
generated automatically: Bar mark schedule, rebars weight summary, welded fabric schedules by
number and by type, coupler schedule, bending diameter schedule.
 ArmaCAD is able to update all the numbers modified or added between two bar schedule issues
automatically. It can also edit, at any time, an events report describing any additions, modifications
or deletions made to the drawing over a given period.
 ArmaCAD is fully configurable: Diameters, hooks, grades, bending, special processes,
overlapping lengths, shape codes, unit weights, choice of layers, fonts, colors, bar marks.
 ArmaCAD complies with the requirements of the ISO 3766:2004, ISO 4066, BS 4666, and BS
8666 standards.
 The bar schedules are fully configurable. Any bar schedule format can be generated: In report, on
the drawing, in EXCEL®.
 ArmaCAD can run with an unlimited number of configurations (By standard, customer or CAD
specifications)
 ArmaCAD is multilingual (French / English / Spanish / Italian). Simply click on the user options to
translate all the commands, menus and dialog boxes instantly.

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 ArmaCAD is flexible, user-friendly and intuitive to use. Less than one day is generally required to
learn how to use it. Due to its popularity with users, ArmaCAD, is now a standard used in the
majority of French construction engineering firms.

2 Changes in version 9

All of the new features of ArmaCAD version 9 are brought together in notice V9.PDF, located in help
section of the ArmaCAD menu, item “New functionalities”.
The paragraphs of this user manual of which left sides are indicated by a vertical line are the parts that
have changed since version 8.

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3 Setup and getting started

Compatibility:
ArmaCAD 9 is compatible with Windows operating systems, 2000, XP, VISTA, 32 bits and 64 bits
platforms, and AutoCAD releases from 2004 to 2010.
ArmaCAD is not compatible with AutoCAD LT.
ArmaCAd is compatible with Bricscad releases 9.3 and higher.

Setup:
Automatic setup:
Run with administrator privileges the INSTALL program located on the ArmaCAD setup CD-Rom.
The setup installs ArmaCAD, then launches AutoCAD and/or Bricscad, and installs the ArmaCAD
menus.

Installing the ArmaCAD menu (if not installed by the Setup):


Type « APPLOAD », and then load ArmaCAD using the <Browse> button and then use the <Load>
button.
You can also install the menu through the “Install ArmaCAD Menus” command located in the Windows
Start Menu ArmaCAD folder:

To disable ArmaCAD, simply remove the ArmaCAD menu using the "CUILOAD” command.

User license and protection key:


To use ArmaCAD, you need a ;. This dongle must be connected to the parallel port on the PC.
When using ArmaCAD for the first time with the dongle, run the <License> command and select the
<Hardware protection> option. ArmaCAD tests the presence of the dongle to be able to run. A driver is
required to use the dongle. This driver is set up automatically by the ArmaCAD setup program. For a
manual setup, insert the setup CD-Rom and run the \Sentinel\Setup program and restart the
computer.

Network setup:
You can conduct the ArmaCAD setup on one unit in your network.

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Each PC must have its own dongle. It is not necessary for set up the entire ArmaCAD program on
each client PC. The minimum requirement is to run on each PC, in administrator mode, the program
\System\Client.exe located on the CD-Rom.

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Dongle update:
In the event of a change of release or the addition of options to ArmaCAD, you will need to update
your dongle after obtaining your authorization code.
To update your dongle, run the <License> command and select the <Hardware protection> option and
click on the "Update hardware key" button and then enter (or paste) your authorization code number in
the corresponding field.

Temporary license request:


Once the menu installed, launch the "License" command by selecting the option "License number".
Click on the “Temporary license request” button, fill the form and send us by clicking the “Submit”
button. A license number will be sent by mail.

Registration:
The temporary license that you obtained is a file called "Licence.dat". Launch again the command
"License", click on the button "File" and open the file "Licence.dat". Your temporary license is now
registered.

Compatibilities:

AutoCAD 2004-2005-2006 Releases 6.0 and higher


AutoCAD 2007-2008-2009 Releases 7.3 and higher
VISTA Releases 8.1 and higher
Platforms 64 bits Releases 8.1d and higher
AutoCAD 2010 Releases 9.0 and higher
Bricscad 9.3 and higher Releases 9.0c and higher

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Installation of a network dongle in 5 steps:


1
In administrator mode, install the ArmaCAD network on a server station by launching the
“\ArmaCAD9\Sentinel\Server\Sentinel Protection Installer” program on the ArmaCAD installation CD-
ROM.
2
Plug the network dongle into the server.
-----------------------------------------------------
Steps 3, 4 and 5 below need only be performed if the ArmaCAD program is also to be installed on the
network:
3
In administrator mode, install ArmaCAD in a directory of your network using the ArmaCAD9\Install.exe
program found on the ARMACAD installation CD-ROM.
.
4
On each user station (client stations), run the \ArmaCAD9\System\Client.exe program on the
ArmaCAD installation CD-ROM.
The installation directory must be the same as that chosen in step 3.
5
Launch AutoCAD on each client station and install the ArmaCAD menu by selecting the
ArmaCAD.CUI file from the directory chosen in step 3.

Operating principle for the license server:

When ArmaCAD is used, the program searches for the presence of a local dongle. If this is detected,
the command authorization is issued.
If there is no key in the station, ArmaCAD then automatically searches for the presence of a license
server by launching a request on the network.
If the license server is detected, ArmaCAD issues a license request to the license server.
If the number of licenses currently in use does not exceed the maximum authorized number, the
server assigns a license. The issued licenses are automatically liberated after 120 minutes.

Notes:
• In order to restrict ArmaCAD to searching for the license server on a specific machine, simply
create an environment variable: “HOST_ARMACAD” on each client station. The value of this
environment variable may either be an IP address or the name of the machine hosting the
network dongle.
• The type of protection for each client station remains “Hardware”.
• Network dongle updates (Authorized version, validation codes, etc.) may be carried out via
any client station.
• To find out the number of licenses currently in use from any client station, enter the command
“NET_ARMACAD” via the keyboard.

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4 Commands

4.1 Standard bars

This feature is the basic command for drawing full size bars.
Select the desired diameter, the type of bar (High-grade or round) and the type of bending.
Check the cover value, taking the current scale into consideration. By default, this value is 25
multiplied by the current scale factor (1=1mm, 1=1cm or 1=1m). Take care, therefore, if you change
the scale while drawing! The cover value is retained in your drawing until the next change.
Select a series of vertexes and confirm.
The drawn bar is shifted by the value of the cover plus its outside half diameter in the direction
selected.

Grade and process:


You can specify to ArmaCAD whether certain bars need to receive a special process.
Six grades or processes are available. Their definitions and symbol letters are entirely customizable
by the Options command.
The “Standard” process corresponds by default to grade Fe=500 or 400 for the type high, and mild
steel for round bars.
Bars with no standard processes are marked on the drawing and on the bar schedule.
They can be accounted separately using the rebars weight if the "Calculate the rebars weight by each
type and process" option is activated in the settings of ArmaCAD.

Thicken:
Allows you to increase the size of a small diameter bar using small-scale views, without changing the
configuration. The same plan may therefore feature non-thickened bars on large-scale views and
thickened bars on small-scale views (1/50 or less). The thickening factors are calibrated via the
“Diameters” tab in the project options. The default thickening factors are calculated in such a way that
no bar measures less than 0.35 mm in a 1/50 scale view. Bars of the same diameter and with different
thickening factors may co-exist on the same plan.
By default, only straight bars (and all of the figurative bars) can be thickened.
However, it is possible to draw thickened shaped bars by unchecking the corresponding option in the
design control options (not recommended):

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Automatic overlaps:
In the case where the length of the bar exceeds the maximum length allowed, you will receive the
following message:

If you do not want to generate bars with automatic overlaps, and wish to manage the overlaps yourself
via the “Cut and Overlap” command, check the project option ”Do not generate bars with integrated
overlaps”, this message will no more appears
If not, you have the ability to insert overlaps in such a manner that the total length of the bar
corresponds to the effective length increased by the number of overlaps.
The implicit overlap length corresponds to the nominal diameter multiplied by a value determined in
the Options of the project. (By default 40 for the HA steels and 50 for the smooth round steels)
If the bar is later drawn or cut, the number of overlaps will be updated automatically.
The start and end marks of bars inserted at the location of the overlaps are for guidance only and are
not associated with the bar. They can be deleted.
The popup menu contains an “Overlaps” submenu specific to bars with integrated overlaps:

This menu allows you to:


• Integrate overlaps on bars that do not have any.
• Modify the value of existing overlaps.
• Delete existing integrated overlaps.

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Notes:
• ArmaCAD draws a polyline passing through these vertexes and then joins them with standard
bending diameters. The scale of the polyline drawing, like that of the cover, depends on the
current scale factor defined in the Options command.
• The bar is drawn automatically in the model space and placed in a layer, the name of which
corresponds to the diameter and type of steel. The color of the bar depends on that of the layer. If
this layer does not exist, it is created by ArmaCAD. The color of the layer is defined using the
Options command. The line type of the layer is free.
• The bar is represented according to its outside diameter for high-grade bars and by its nominal
diameter for round bars.
• The bar end markings are drawn in the same layer as the bar and are attached to the bar. (See
“Bar end marking”)
• If the 2D option is checked, the bar is drawn at Z = 0.0. When the bases of the formwork are
based on 3D models, make sure that they are plane. If you wish to set the formwork to Z=0.0,
enter the command "Z 0" on the keyboard. This will set all the line, curve, text and dimensioning
type elements in the drawing to a zero altitude.
• The current snap mode is never changed. The latter is always preserved even in the event of an
exit by <ESCAPE>. It is also possible to change the snap mode during an ArmaCAD command,
and for the latter to be preserved at the end of the ArmaCAD command.
• If you do not want the bar to be shifted, set the cover value to 0. You will then be able not to shift
by a half diameter.
• It is possible to draw and then to offset bars with strands that cross each other.
• Although you can work with any UCS, to retain the current UCS while orienting the grid parallel
with the formwork, enter the "RET" command on the keyboard (See Toolbox)
• It is possible to set the choice of diameters and bending diameters: See Bending standards.

3-dimensional bars:

• You can draw the bar in 3 dimensions by selecting the 3D Bar option when creating the bar.
ArmaCAD creates a FULL 3D-type cylinder.
• To switch from a 3D bar to a 2D bar, use the Fill <-> Wire command.
• To switch from a 2D bar to a 3D bar, enter "BAR3D" on the keyboard. (See Toolbox)
• The type of 3D representation is recognized by the List a bar and Associated bar marks
commands. 3D bars can be modified using the Modify Diameter, Modify Bending, Add Hook and
Modify Hook commands.
• When switching from a 3D bar to a 2D bar, the height of the bar generated is not necessarily equal
to 0.0! In this case, watch out for intersection problems with the Dimension Line or variable bar
type commands!

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4.2 Bars with hooks

This feature makes it possible to draw directly bars with standard hooks by snapping onto a formwork.
This command is useful for beam drawings. For more complex bars, it is preferable to use the Add a
hook command.
These bars may be adjusted with the Modify Diameter command while retaining the cover and the
hook standardization.
The bars may be represented in fill or wire mode.

Automatic overlaps:
These are handled in the same way as the “Single bars” command.

Thicken:
Same principle as for the “Single bars” command.
If the “Prohibit thickened shaped bars” option is checked in the project options, the “Thicken” button is
unchecked.

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4.3 Figurative bars

This command makes it possible to draw reinforcements in a figurative way, i.e. where the
representation cannot be used to measure its real dimensions. However, their thickness corresponds
to the real outside diameter.
Several representations are possible depending on the type of view to be drawn: Plan, elevation or
sectional view.
The diameters of these bars can be modified at a later stage using the Modify properties command.
Links between full size bars and figurative bars:
Figurative bars cannot be linked directly with bar marks used for the automatic bar schedule
(associated bar marks) except if they are associated with full size bars.
In this case, any modification made to the diameter of a full size bar is automatically transferred to all
its associated figurative bars, irrespective of the number and type of these representations.
Figurative bars can be associated in three ways:
• Using the "Associate" button by selecting a group of figurative bars to be associated with a full
size bar of the same diameter.
• By selecting the "Associate with an existing bar" button.
• Automatically, if the "Generate full size bar" button is selected.

To cancel the link associating one or more figurative bars with a full size bar, use the Modify Diameter
command on the figurative bar(s).
The diagram below shows a simple example of a Figurative bars / Full size bars combination:

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The types of representation are as follows:

Bars in plan view:


These are 2D polylines symbolizing a bar with hooks in a plan or elevation view. The representation
may be in fill or wire mode, with one, two hooks or without hooks.
The "Associate with an existing bar" button makes it possible to associate a full size bar of the same
diameter as the figurative bar
The “Generate full size bar” button is used to simultaneously create the full size bar with one or two
standardized hooks, of the same length and diameter as the figurative bar. The automatic overlaps are
handled in the same way as the “Single bars” command.
The "Generate associated bar mark" option makes it possible to create a bar mark associated with the
full size bar at the same time.

This option is used to associate the figurative bar with a full size bar whose length variation is
determined by two thresholds.
The thresholds can be forming or construction patterns deduced from the indicated cover value. The
form of these two thresholds is entirely discretionary (lines, arcs , polylines, etc.)
The bar marks associated with the layer can be dimension lines or rakes, straight or curved, single or
multiple.
In the event of stretching of the dimension line, or in the event of modification of the spacing, the
number of bars is updated automatically. (See “Associated bar marks” command)
By default, the bar appears in the bar schedule in the form of a conventional variable bar (001-AA,
001-AB, etc.)
If you prefer that the bar should appear in the bar schedule in the form of an average length, edit the
associated bar mark and check the “Average length” button.
In the event of modification of the thresholds, the dimensions of the variable bars are updated
automatically.

Notes:
• N.B. During the association with an existing bar, the selection of this bar must effected by clicking
the segment that is to vary.
• To change the number of segments of the full size bar later, only the “Add hook” and “Delete
hook” commands should be employed, on pain of changing the location of the variable segment of
the bar.
• This command is often preferable to the “Variable bars” command since it does not oblige one to
draw all the bars, and allows non-linear variations. In contrast to the latter however, it is used only
for variation of a single straight segment.
• In the event of erasure of a threshold, all of the elements of the layer are lost. This is the reason
for which you will obtain a request for confirmation of erasure.

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Multilines:
These are multiple lines.
These bars may be represented in wire or fill mode. The wire representation must not be confused
with the 2 lines bars obtained with the Fill <-> wire command.
This kind of bar makes gives you the ability to show reinforcement cages giving a printing of depth: it
is possible to symbolize the intersection of these bars with the "Cross" button enabling the bar passing
"above" and that passing "below" to be selected. Similarly, to represent a bar with a bend, the ends
may be represented rounded or straight:

To cancel the cut generated by the "Cross" button, use the "Join" button.
Only wire representation allows dotted lines to be shown.
To switch from a wire representation to a fill representation at a later stage, use the “Fill <-> Wire”
command.
Options "Generate full size bar", "Generate associated bar mark" and “Layer of variable lengths” are
the same that “Bars in plan view”.

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Bars in sectional view:


These may be represented in sections (donut) or viewed (circles).
They represent the outside diameter of the bar.
They are arranged in a linear or circular network according to a constant interval, i.e.:
• Calculated according to the max. length and spacing given.
• Set in priority, in which case the last spacing is not handled. ("Priority to spacing" option checked)
• Calculated according to the length and number given.
The type of sectional or view representation may be modified at a later stage with the “Fill <-> Wire”
command.
This type of representation can be marked easily with "rakes" via the “Single bar marks” command.

The distribution options are as follows:


 Linear:
The rows are now
referred to as “dynamic”
(See following page)

 By points:
E.g. for columns.

 Circular:
For piles, shafts or
circular columns.

 Outline:
Capable of following the
outline of any type of bar.

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Dynamic rows:
The rows of rounds created while giving a spacing value are dynamic. The fact of stretching or of
moving the first or the last round of a row, automatically updates the number of rounds:

To change the spacing of the rounds in a dynamic row, click with the right mouse button on the first or
the last round of the row so as to display the “Modify Spacing” command of the ArmaCAD contextual
menu. This command is used to completely redraw the row of rounds in accordance with the new
spacing provided.
To erase all the rounds from a dynamic row, it is necessary only to erase the first or the last round and
to answer “Yes” to the erasure confirmation message.
To change to 2 lines or filled all the rounds of a dynamic row, it is necessary only to change the first or
the last round, and then to again select the changed round and click twice on the latter:

To change the diameter of all the rounds of a dynamic row, it is necessary only to change the first or
the last round, and then to again select the changed round and to click twice on the latter.

This option allows for automatic attachment to a full size bar. The rounds are then automatically
shifted by the half-diameter of the round increased by the half-diameter of the selected bar.
Furthermore, this option allows for the rounds to be automatically repositioned along the support bar:
 Either in the event of a change in the diameter of the rounds:

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 Or in the event of a change in the diameter of the support bar:

This button makes it possible to associate a full size bar of the same diameter as the set of sectional
bars drawn. Any modification made to the diameter of the full size bar is automatically transferred to all
its associated figurative bars.

The "Generate associated bar mark" option makes it possible to create an associated bar mark
(“Comb” type) :

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U-shaped bars:
This function represents a U-shape viewed from the side, which makes it possible to show U-shaped bars on an
elevation.
These representations can be combined with a full size bar and have an associated bar mark:

Note:
To retain the association between figurative bars and full size bars during copying operations, use the
Copy/Paste command or the ArmaCAD Copy/Mirror command, taking care to select all the coupled
figurative bars/full size bars when copying.

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4.4 Frames, stirrups and ties

This command makes it possible to draw standard frames, stirrups and ties.
The bending diameters and hook lengths can be configured using the Options command.
Frames are drawn with 3 points.
Stirrups and ties are drawn via the longitudinal axis from the edge of the formwork to the edge of the
formwork, less the cover.
"Inside snap” option: If this button is activated, the elements are drawn with reference to their inner
edge. In this case, the cover value is not taken into account:

It is possible to represent open stirrups and frames:


• In the case of an open stirrup, enter the value of the second bending angle. By default 99°
(Closed angle of 81°):

• In the case of an open frame (U with hooks), the open side is that opposite the base of the
frame.

Note on angle units: Although bending angles are expressed in degrees by convention, you can work
in degrees, grades or radians.

Note:
To draw frames of non-standard shapes, use the “Standard bars” command, selecting a Type 2 bend
and then add hooks using the “Add a hook” command.

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4.5 Variable bars

This command makes it possible to create bar sheets by varying any bar shape in linear terms.
Select the first bar and the last bar of the future group.
These two bars must be of the same type, i.e. same diameter, same grade, same number of
segments.
Specify the desired total number of the group of variable bars or the desired spacing.
If you select the <Max. spacing> option, ArmaCAD will ask you to specify the axis on which the
spacing is to be applied. This axis is necessary since the segments of the bars may vary in both
dimensions according to different intervals.
ArmaCAD will calculate and draw all the bars within two bounding bars:

All of the bars thus created can be the subject of an associated bar mark of the “Variable bars” type.
If the variation between the two bounding bars is linear, you can draw only the average bar. This bar
can then be associated with a bar mark of the “Average bar” type.

Notes:
• If a set of bars is linked to an associated bar mark, the fact of modifying the properties of a
single element in the group automatically modifies all of the other constituents of the group.
• It is always possible to change, move, or stretch one or more elements of a variable bar using
the AutoCAD commands, since each element is interpreted separately at the launch of the bar
schedule.
• In the event of non-linear variation with a constant pitch, it is preferable to use the “Figurative
Bars” command by checking the “Layers of variable length” option. However this option will
allow you to vary only a single segment:

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4.6 Special bars

This command makes it possible to create certain shapes that are impossible or difficult to create
using standard AutoCAD commands.
The diameter of these bars can be modified at a later stage using the Modify diameter command.
These special bars are recognized by ArmaCAD and are fully dimensioned in the bar schedule.
The types of representation are as follows:

Curves:
• Enter the value of the radius or click on the "<Select>" button for graphical input of the center
point and the origin of the curve.
• Specify whether the radius is measured on the inner, neutral or outside fiber of the bar to be
drawn.
• Specify the direction of the curve described with reference to the first point selected.
• Specify the type of bar: High or Round.
• If you select the "Set total length" option, the end point of the curve is calculated automatically
according to the total length of the bar set.
• If you select the "Hooks" option, the bar may comprise a standard hook at one or both ends.
Select the bending angle in the list or enter the desired value (in degrees) directly by selecting
the "Give angle" option.

Hoops:
Specify the value of the radius, which may be the inner or outside radius. Select the desired grade and
then select the center of the hoop.
The total length of the polyline representing the hoop includes an overlap. Its default length
corresponds to the nominal diameter multiplied by a value defined in the Options menu. (By default,
40 for High and 50 for Mild)
If the total length of the hoop is greater than the maximum cutting length, the Great length bars
command should preferably be used

Shrink rings:
The implicit type of steel is round.
Six types of rings are available.
The hooks of the types 2 and 3 observe the standard bending diameter for the diameter and the grade
of the bar.
The width (A) is the outside dimension.
The pitch (B) is the inner diameter of each ring. By default, this value corresponds to the bending
diameter for the diameter and the grade of the bar. This value may be modified.
Rings of the type number 4 include two legs (Dimension D). The representation is similar to the chairs.
Length of the legs can be modified in the same way as the chairs.
If the length of the ring is longer than the max length, ArmaCAD inserts the overlapping in order to
respect the max length. The total length of the shrink ring takes into account the overlapping.

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Code as a shrink ring: By default, the shrink ring is coded to indicate to ArmaCAD that specific
dimensioning is carried out. Do not check this option if you prefer ArmaCAD to handle the drawn
shrink ring as any shape. (Shape code 99).

Note: In the event of exceeding the maximum length, the addition of overlaps must not be automatic.
In fact, for the small diameters, it is common for the hoops to be made in the factory from spools.

Spirals:
This is a helix in which the representation is figurative.
The implicit type is round.
The program calculates the total length of the spiral measured on the neutral fiber. This representation
does not accept any subsequent modifications.
If the turn (spiral) exceeds the maximum length, ArmaCAD offers to insert the necessary overlaps.
The total length of the turn takes account of these overlaps and their number is written into the bar
schedule.
If the "Number of rounds" option is not checked, the spiral is drawn between the two selected points.
In this case, the step value is adapted in order to preserve the number of steps as an integer.
If the "Number of rounds" option is checked, the height of the spiral will be a multiple of the step value.
By default, the spiral includes at each end a half-turn flat. This value (0.5) can be modified, and is
included in the calculation of the length of the spiral.

Note: In the event of exceeding the maximum length, the addition of overlaps must not be automatic.
In fact, for the small diameters, it is common for the turns (spirals) to be created in the factory from
spools.

Chairs:
Representation is figurative.
The program calculates the total length of the chair measured on the neutral fiber.
By default, the chair is drawn with type 2 bends.
Two types of chairs are possible. (Codes 4.10 and 4.11)
Specify the length of the straight part of the bases of the legs. The dimension C specified in the bar
schedule specifies the outside dimension of the leg (Straight part + bending). If you wish to verify or
modify the base length of chairs already drawn, use the <Modify> button.
By default, both legs have the same height, but you can vary the height of one or both legs of the chair
by stretching or extending. In this case, both heights will be dimensioned in the bar schedule.
It is possible to vary the chairs in linear terms using the Variable bars command:

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Lifting bars:
Representation is real. There are five possible types. Select the desired type by clicking on the
corresponding image. The first point clicked on corresponds to the top of the lifting bar.
These bars can be stretched with AutoCAD commands in order to vary the height or the legs
The diameter, grade and bending type can be modified at a later stage with the "Modify properties"
command.

Bars to unfold:

These bars feature a 90° return in the Zs’ axis:

The direction of the 90° return may be positive or negative along the Zs’ axis. As a result, two shape
numbers (170 and 171) have been assigned to identify these dissymmetrical bars.
The length of this return may be modified subsequently via the “Modify” button.
The angle and length of the original hook can be modified by using the “Modify hook” command.
The diameter, grade and type of bend can be modified subsequently by using the “Modify properties”
command.

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4.7 Great length bars

This command makes it possible to create great length bars. These bars can be cut automatically at
the max. length ("Cut bars" option) or be extended in bulk ("Great Length" option). They can be
straight or curved. The curves may be open or closed (360° option on the command line). Therefore,
there are six possible types of great length bars.

Cut straight bars:


ArmaCAD creates the required number of straight bars (Shape code 00) of maximum length between
the two selected points by positioning the overlaps automatically. The ends of bar marks are inserted
on each side of the overlaps if the corresponding option is checked.

Bulk straight bars:


If the "Great length" option is selected, ArmaCAD creates a special straight bar for which the drawn
length is purely figurative. The cutting length required corresponds to the given working length
increased by the overlaps required. These special bars called "Great length bars for cutting" (Shape
Code 01) are recognized as such in the bar schedule:

By default, they are rounded to the next highest meter.


The "Edit" button makes it possible to modify the working length of an already existing straight great
length bar. The total length required is automatically recalculated according, on the one hand, to the
overlapping used when the bar is created and, on the other, to the default cutting length value.

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Cut curved bars:


ArmaCAD creates the required number of curved bars of total length equal to the maximum cutting
length between the two selected points by positioning the overlaps automatically. The ends of bar
marks are inserted on each side of the overlaps if the corresponding option is checked.
If you want the set of bars to form a circle, validate the <360°> option on the command line. If the
curve described is less than the maximum cutting length, use the Special bars command (Curves or
Hoops).

Bulk curved bars:


If the "Great length" option is selected, ArmaCAD creates a single curved bar between the two
selected points. This bar is coded so as to retain the overlap value used when it is created. The total
extended length in the bar schedule corresponds to the total length measured on the drawn bar
increased by the number of overlaps calculated according to the current maximum cutting length.
These bars can be duplicated with the AutoCAD <Shift> command. They can also be duplicated with
the Variable bars command.
If you want the bend to be closed in the form of a hoop, confirm the < 360° > option on the command
line. In this case, ArmaCAD draws a closed curved bar. The bar schedule remains the same. The total
extended length in the bar schedule corresponds to the total length of the circle drawn increased by
any extension values at the origin and at the end (See below), increased by the number of overlaps
calculated according to the current maximum cutting length:

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This option is useful if the origin of the great length bar is at the end of an already drawn bar. In this
case, the point of origin is automatically modified so that the great length bar overlaps an existing bar
by the value required. In the case of a closed great length curved bar (See below), since this
extension is not visible, its value is coded in the bar anyway and restored to its extended working
length in the bar schedule.

In the same way, if the great length bar is joined to an already drawn bar, the great length bar is
extended so that it is overlapped by the specified overlapping length.

Notes:
• The maximum cutting length proposed is that defined in the Options menu. (By default, 12m)
• The overlapping length corresponds to the nominal diameter multiplied by a value defined in the
Options command. (By default, 40 for H and 50 for M)

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4.8 Welded fabrics

Draw:
This command is used to draw a set of welded fabric panels.
This set is a compact object comprising the drawing of the longitudinal wire, the cross wires with their
overlapping, the dimensioning and comments.
All the default settings of the welded fabric object drawing can be modified with the "options"
command: Layer names, colors, text heights and line thickness.
Two types of representations are possible: “Standard” and “Traditional” (See Options).

Longitudinal wire (Main wire):


The length of the longitudinal wire may be entered using a numeric value, its maximum value or by
selecting on the screen ("Select" option). If the specified or selected value exceeds the maximum
sheet length, the latter length is selected.
The start and end points of the longitudinal wires take account of the support value (or of the cover
value).

Cross wires
The sheet width depends on the selected type (generally 2.40 m).
The start and end points of the cross wires are designated on screen and take account of the stated
cover (or of the support value).
If the support line for the cross wires does not intersect with the longitudinal wire, ArmaCAD
automatically draws the cross wire midway between the longitudinal wires.
It is possible to determine the width of the first panel. For example, this is useful if you do not want to
superimpose the overlaps when laying two layers:

Overlaps:
Depending on the label selected in the list of the types, the min. default overlap is specified. It can be
modified.

Location:
The program automatically locates the number of sheets required according to the width of the sheets,
their min. overlap and the cutting option.
The last sheet may be rounded off to one half (1/2), one quarter (1/4), or one unit (1).
The real overlap is recalculated to account for this rounding.

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Texts:
A welded fabric object includes three texts that can be moved via their grip points:
- The main text featuring:
o Number of panels
o Type of panel
o Number (optional – see Options)
o The overlap value for the cross wires (optional)
o Units (configurable and optional - see Options)
- The length of the longitudinal wire, which can be edited via the “Modify” command
- A comment entered under the main text, which can be edited by double-clicking.

Notes about texts:


- The heights and widths of the texts can be configured via the “Options” command: “Welded
fabrics” tab.
- The style of the text is the currently used text style.
- The text heights may be modified subsequently via the “Modify” command described below.
- The text heights are updated if the scale of the view changes via the “Change scale”
command.
- The original positions of the texts remain unchanged in the event of a change of typeface or
rubberbanding.

Numbering:
Numbering is automatic. If a set of panels of the same type and same length already exists, the same
number is assigned, otherwise a new number is created.

Bar schedule:
Welded fabric objects are read and accounted automatically each time the bar schedule is run. They
are summarized by number and grouped by type in two separate schedules.

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Surface distribution:
This option is used to draw a welded fabric object according to an ordinary polygon in which you select
each summit.
If the polygon features arc-shaped segments, click on several points of each arc according to the
desired degree of accuracy.
This mode is used to draw just one single welded fabric object over the entire surface of the polygon.
In this case, the overlaps are calculated by ratios. These ratios can be configured via the Options
command using the “Edit the configuration file” button.
You can edit this fabric by double click in order to modifie the type, the working surface, the numer of
elements and the commentary.
It is not possible to stretch or move the wires of this type of fabric.

Manipulation:
The mesh fabric objects can be moved, copied and cleared using the AutoCAD commands.
As a safety precaution, they are not explodable.

Three commands specific to welded fabrics can be used to:


- Modify their properties,
- Stretch longitudinal wires or cross wires
- Move longitudinal wires or cross wires

These commands are accessed via:


- The popup menu, by right-clicking or double-clicking on an object:

- A specific toolbar, or the main menu:

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Modify:
This is used to modify each property of one or more welded fabric objects: Number, Type, Length,
Comment, Line type, text heights, number of layers, number of members and revision letter.

This button can be used to retrieve the desired property by clicking on an already drawn object.
If the length or type is modified, and if the same number already exists, a new number is automatically
created.

This option, active if the length is modified, can be used, if it is unchecked, to specify a longitudinal
wire length different to that drawn.

If the type is modified, the object is entirely recalculated according to the characteristics of the new
type while retaining the outside dimensions of the object to be modified.
This command can also be used to update a welded fabric object manually with any revision letter or
number intended to appear in the bar schedule.

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Stretch:
Can be used to stretch a welded fabric object, either in the direction of the longitudinal wire or in the
direction of the cross wire. The drawing and dimensioning are updated automatically:

In the direction of the cross wire, the program recalculates the number of wires and their overlapping
value according to the min. overlapping value for the selected object type, and the cutting specified in
the dialog area.
In the direction of the longitudinal wire, the program stretches the longitudinal wire, updates the
longitudinal wire length text and creates a new number if a welded fabric object of the same number
already exists on the drawing.

Move:
The longitudinal wire and cross wire can be moved with this command. For these elements,
displacement is obligatorily perpendicular to the wire to move:

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4.9 Modify properties

This command makes it possible to modify the properties of all bar representations whether they have
been drawn with ArmaCAD or not:
You can modify (or update)
• The diameter
• The type (High or Round)
• The bending type (1 or 2)
• The grade or process
This command can also be accessed via the popup menu by right-clicking on one of these objects.
In the event of the presence of a bar with integrated overlaps (See “Single bars”), you should confirm
the new overlap value according to the new diameter.
If the selected bar is a full size bar associated with one or more figurative representations, the
figurative bars are updated automatically (rakes, sectional bars, end of bar marks, multilines, etc.)
If the selected bar belongs to a group associated with variable bar mark or an average bar mark, the
other members of the group are automatically updated along with the mark.

Modify type:
Codes the bar as a ribbed bar or a round bar, modifies the layer name and adjusts the polyline
thickness.
The bar is represented according to its outside diameter for a ribbed bar (High) and by its nominal
diameter for a plain bar. (Round)

Modify bending:
Modifies the radius of curvature of the bars according to the bending type (Type 1 or 2)

Therefore, there are four possible cases:


High Type 1
High Type 2
Round Type 1
Round Type 2
The radii of curvature for the four cases can be set with the Options command.

Modify grade and process:


You can specify to ArmaCAD whether certain bars need to receive a special process.
Six grades or processes are available. Their definitions and symbol letters are entirely customizable
by the Options command.
The “Standard” process corresponds by default to grade Fe=500 or 400 for the type high, and mild
steel for round bars.
Bars with no standard processes are marked on the drawing and on the bar schedule.

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Modify diameter:
Modify the diameter of a full size bar or a figurative bar.

Depending on the types of representation, the following options are active:

Update layer:
The bars will be moved in the corresponding layer, which if it does not exist, will be created with the
correct color.

Update bending diameters:


This is used to modify (or update) the radii of curvature of the polylines taking in account of the
bending diameter corresponding to the new diameter. If you wish to retain the bending diameter,
uncheck this option. In this case, the "Update standard hooks" option, if it is active, should also be
unchecked.

Retain cover:
This is used to redraw the bar completely in order to retain the old outside dimensions (Cover
observed).

Update standard hooks:


If the bar has one or two standard hooks (including 180° hooks), they are updated according to the
new diameter. (Length and bending)
Stirrups, frames and ties are recognized and fully handled. (Cover retained, hook lengths adapted,
bending diameters updated)

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The “Filtered selection” button is used to perform a multiple selection that is filtered according to your
chosen criteria.
Four filters are proposed for full size bars and two for figurative bars:

The associated figurative bars are not included by default in order to avoid breaking the link to the
associated full size bars.

Examples:
• To update the bending of all of the HA bars on the plan, regardless of their diameter or bend,
uncheck the Diameter and Bend options.
• To change the diameter of all of the ø14 bars on the plan to ø16, regardless of their type,
bend and grade, uncheck all of the options except for Diameter.
• If you have initially selected a HA12 figurative bar, you can make a selection via a window,
capture or “ALL”; only the HA12 figurative bars will be retained for modification.
• If the existing diameter to be modified is unknown, it is possible to choose the name of the
existing layer as the filter. For example, if the ø14 does not exist in your configuration, the
following message suggests performing a selection that is filtered according to the name of
the old layer:

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Notes:
• If you want to update hooks in which the length or angle is not standard, use the “Modify a hook”
command.
• When modifying the diameter of a bar in which the length corresponds to the maximum cutting
length, decreasing the diameter and retaining the cover will increase its length slightly. For this
reason, a maximum length overshoot alert message is displayed at the end of the command.

• If a figurative bar is associated with a full size bar, modifying the diameter of the full size bar also
modifies the diameter of the figurative bar.

• However, an attempt to modify the diameter of a figurative bar associated with a full size bar
causes the following message to appear:

• If you still want to modify the diameter, ArmaCAD assumes that you no longer want an automatic
link and therefore deletes the link. To recreate such a link, use the "Associate” button in the
“Figurative bars” command.

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4.10 Add a coupler

It is possible to add a thread or a coupler to any standard ArmaCAD bar, provided its end is straight or
curved with a radius greater than the value defined in the Options command.
This command can also be accessed via the popup menu by right-clicking on the bar or by double-
clicking on the bar.
Threaded or coupled bars are identified in the "List a bar" and "Bar marks command" commands with
a label such as "Thread at the end" or "Coupler at the origin". In the bar schedule, these bars are
drawn as full size bars with their thread or coupler positioned correctly.
To add a thread or a coupler, select the "Add" option and then select the bar on the side on which the
thread or coupler is to be inserted. A bar may be coupled at one or both ends.
To delete an existing thread or coupler, select the "Delete" option and select the coupler or the thread
to be deleted.

Choice of label:
The label characterizes the type of coupler used. Labels can be modified with the Options command
using the "Couplers" button. The labels are displayed in the bar schedule and in the coupler summary.
This summary (Cadf_51) can be modified in order to specify the type of couplers associated with a
label.

Options:

This option is active when adding a coupler. If you check this option, the dimension of the bar will be
reduced such that the total bar + coupler dimension remains identical to the original bar:

Inserts a text on the bar specifying whether the bar is threaded or coupled and the label of the coupler.
By default, the terms "Thread" and "Coupler" are used. These terms can be modified in "Options"
using the "Lexicon" button.

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4.11 Add a hook

This feature makes it possible to add a hook to a full or 2 lines, 2D or 3D bar.


The bar to be modified must be selected on the side of the hook to be positioned.
This command can also be accessed via the popup menu by right-clicking on the bar or by double-
clicking on the bar.
ArmaCAD automatically recognizes the bending type to be used according to whether the selected
element is High or Round, whether the bending type is normal (Type 1) or frame-stirrup (Type 2)
Select a hook angle, the list of hook lengths is updated and implicitly prompts you with the standard
length to apply, expressed as a number of nominal diameters. However, you can select a hook length
other than that proposed by selecting another value in the list.
The positioning of the hook observes the outside dimension of this element: for example, if a 135°
hook is added to a 1 meter straight bar, the outside dimension of the element with hooks will still be
equal to 1 meter.
If you check the “Deduct concrete cover” option, the outside dimension will be reduced by the current
cover value. (Frequent case when "copying" a formwork)
If you want to add a hook to a bar according to a non-standard angle, select the "Value in degrees >”
option. The angle given must be in degrees and be a bending angle. For example, an obtuse 45°
angle is equivalent to a 135° bending angle.
You can also specify the direction of the angle by specifying it on the screen. In this case, give a
direction from the end of the selected bar.

The hook is drawn according to the following principle:


• If the angle formed is not projecting, the outside generatrix of the hook will be combined with a
vector, for which the origin is the end of the bar and the direction is the selected angle.
• If the angle is projecting, the outside generatrix of the hook will be tangent with a vector, for
which the origin of the bar and the direction is perpendicular to the bar.

Notes:
• To obtain the cross wire angle parallel to a formwork element, enter <RET> before running the
“Add a hook” command.
• Although bending angles are expressed in degrees in this command, you can work either in
degrees, grades or radians on your drawing.
• The angle of this hook can be modified at a later stage with the “Modify a hook” command.

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4.12 Modify a hook

This feature makes it possible to modify the angle of an existing hook or delete a hook.
The bar to be modified must be selected on the side of the hook.
This command can also be accessed via the popup menu by right-clicking on the bar or by double-
clicking on the bar.
Select a hook angle, the list of hook lengths is updated and implicitly prompts you with the standard
length to apply, expressed as a number of nominal diameters. This option is very useful for updating, if
required, the standard hook length of the selected element. However, you can select a hook length
other than that proposed by selecting another value in the list.
If you want to add a hook to a bar according to a non-standard angle, select the "Value in degrees >”
option. The angle given must be in degrees and be a bending angle. For example, an obtuse 45°
angle is equivalent to a 135° bending angle.
You can also specify the direction of the angle by specifying it on the screen. In this case, give a
direction from the end of the second last segment of the selected bar.
If you do not want the existing hook length to be modified or updated, check the "Retain existing
length" option.
Remove button: Deletes the selected hook, while observing the outside dimension of the bar.

Notes:
• To obtain the cross wire angle parallel to a formwork element, enter <RET> before running the
“Modify a hook” command
• Although bending angles are expressed in degrees in this command, you can work either in
degrees, grades or radians on your drawing.

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4.13 Shift a segment

This command can also be accessed via the popup menu by right-clicking on the bar or by double-
clicking on the bar.

Shift a segment:
Used to shift a selected segment of a bar by the value of your choice: Outside half-diameter, given
value or the sum of both. The direction of the shift is perpendicular to the selected segment and is
carried out from the side of the selected point. The bending diameters of the entire bar are
automatically updated.
A segment can be straight or curved. It is thus possible to change the value of a bending radius:

If the selected bar has an unknown shape or is included in the special bars, this option is not active.

Shift the bar:


All the straight segments are shifted.
The bending radii remain unchanged if the “Preserve radii” option is checked. Otherwise the arcs are
shifted too.

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4.14 Cut and overlap

This command makes it possible to cut, extend and overlap bars. The bars can be straight or curved.
This command can also be accessed via the popup menu by right-clicking on the bar or by double-
clicking on the bar.
The maximum cutting length proposed is that defined in the Options menu. (By default, 12 m)
The overlapping length corresponds to the nominal diameter multiplied by a value defined in the
Options menu. (By default, 40 for High and 50 for Mild)

Cut a bar at the maximum length:


Cut the bar into two parts in which the total length of one part is equal to the maximum length. One or
two cutting points are possible. Select one of them and the bar is automatically cut and an end of bar
mark is inserted if the option is checked.

Overlap:
Extend the segment of the bar by an overlapping length. The extended side is that closest to the bar
selection point. An end of bar mark is inserted if the option is checked.

Cut and Overlap:


Cut the first bar at the maximum length. The last segment of the resulting bar is extended by an
overlapping length. Two end of bar marks are inserted if the option is checked:

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4.15 Rakes

This command makes it possible to draw rakes passing through two selected points automatically.
The length of the bars and the marks depends on the current scale.
The dimension line is drawn in the layer, the name of which can be set with the Options command.
The bars are drawn in the layer in which the name corresponds to the specified diameter.
The "Associate with an existing bar" button makes it possible to associate a full size bar, of the same
diameter as all of the bars. Any modification to the diameter of the full size bar will subsequently be
automatically made on all the associated bars.
The bars are arranged in a linear or circular network according to a constant interval, i.e.:
• Calculated according to the max. length and spacing given.
• Set in priority, in which case the last spacing is not handled ("Priority to spacing" option checked)
• Calculated according to the length and number given.

Dynamic rakes:
The rakes created while giving the spacing value are dynamic: The fact of stretching the dimension
line of the rakes automatically results in the complete updating of the rakes. The number of bars is
recalculated in accordance with the original spacing.
To change the spacing of the rungs of a dynamic rake, click with the right mouse button on the
dimension line so as to display the “Modify Spacing” command of the ArmaCAD contextual menu. This
command can be used to completely redraw the rakes in accordance with the new spacing provided:

To preserve this automatic action during the copy operations, use the Copy/Paste command or indeed
the ArmaCAD Copy/Mirror command.

The “Explode” button makes it possible to remove this automatic process by selecting the dimension
line of a rake.
The “Group” button makes it possible to restore this automatic process between a dimension line and
a set of bars and marks intersecting this line. The spacing to be used as a reference for future
stretching operations depends on the ratio between the number of bars and the length of the
dimension line calculated during grouping.
If you erase the dimension line of a dynamic rake, all of the rungs and marks are erased automatically.

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Notes:
• The “Associated bar marks” command also generates dynamic rakes provided that the "Spacing"
button is selected when the associated bar mark is created.
• If the rake is associated with a bar mark, the “Edit bar mark” command automatically updates the
spacing of the bars in the event of changing the spacing value.
• If you clear the dimension line of a dynamic rake, all of the rungs and marks are automatically
cleared.
• To associate all the rungs of a rake with a full size bar, use the "Associate" button on the
“Figurative bars” command.
• If the rake is associated with a bar mark, adding or deleting one or more rungs automatically
updates the number of the bar mark:

Length of rungs and current scale:

Dimension A, expressed in mm, indicates the desired length of the rungs that must be shown in the
paper space. ArmaCAD thus calculates the required length in the object space, taking account of the
current scale.
Dimension “A” is saved in the drawing.
If the “Auto” option is checked, the scale is set to that of the Predefined Scale Area (see “Change
scale” command to create these areas).

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4.16 Single bar marks

These bar marks are referred to as "single" since they are not taken into account when the bar
schedule is generated.
However, the “Bar marks command” and “Copy/Mirror” commands account for these bar marks for
numbering modification operations. Therefore, it is important to use only these bar marks in your
drawing.
The information contained in these bar marks can be modified at a later stage using the “Edit a bar
mark” command.
The number proposed depends on the element selected. If this element is a bar, whether full size or
figurative, already linked to an associated bar mark, the number is that of the associated bar mark.
Otherwise, the number is the last number taken, incremented by 1.
This command can also be accessed via the popup menu by right-clicking on the bar or by double-
clicking on the bar.

There are six possible representations:


• The "Tag" bar mark attaches a bar mark (block Cadf_09) with a number to the selected element
(Full size bar or figurative bar or any element) with the possibility of one or two comments on the
dimension line.
• The "Leader" bar mark attaches a number (block Cadf_07) to the selected element (generally an
end of bar mark).
• The “Dim line” bar mark draws a distribution line between two points followed by a "Caption" bar
mark. If the distribution line intersects the selected bar, a mark is inserted at the intersection
between the bar and the line. If you want to sequence the dimension lines (From the point, to the
point, from the point to the point, etc.) enter "M" on the keyboard corresponding to the prompt:
"Dimension line from the point or [Multiple]:". In "Circular spacing" mode, the dimension line is
drawn in the form of a curve.
• The "Comb" bar mark makes it possible to join a set of any entities (sectional figurative bars for
example) easily with a dimension line followed by a "Caption" bar mark. The wires may be inclined
with respect to the dimension line. The objects to be joined are chosen by multiple selection
filtered by diameter. In "Circular spacing" mode, the dimension line is drawn in the form of a curve.
• The “Star” bar mark can be used to connect any set of points, in addition to the first element
selected, directly to the boundary of the bar mark bubble. (Block Cadf_01)
• The “Bunch” bar mark is easy to attach to any existing bar mark.

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If the selected bar is already associated with a bar mark, this option can duplicate the texts of bar
marks associated with the single bar mark. If the properties of the selected bar are subsequently
modified, the main text is automatically updated.
Although this method is sometimes used, it is not recommended because the information is
duplicated, which makes it difficult for a verifier to inspect the plan. For this reason, it can be
unchecked in the project options (see Project Options)

This button makes it possible to convert an associated bar mark into a single bar mark.
This feature can also be accessed via the ArmaCAD popup menu.
If the option “Prohibit false associated bar marks” is checked in the project options, this command is
unchecked (see above)

By default, the orientation of the bar mark number is parallel to the dimension line. If you want the
direction of reading of the number to remain horizontal, do not check this option.

Customization:
• All the blocks used can be customized. See the section covering Support Files.
• The layer name containing the bar marks can be set with the Options command.
• The configuration of the single bar mark format is the same as that of associated bar marks via the
“Options -Bar marks format” command.

Notes:
• To locate an existing bar mark on the drawing, use the "Search" command.
• If the “Auto” option is checked, the scale is set to that of the Predefined Scale Area (see
“Change scale” command to create these areas).

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4.17 Change scale

This feature makes it possible to change the size of all the objects of relative dimensions (texts,
marks, bar marks) of part of a drawing.
Select the area or view to be processed by means of a window or capture.

“Scale factor” option:


Useful, if you have drawn a view thinking that the reproduction scale would be 1/25, but, due to a lack
of space, you needed to modify the scale of the window of the paper space for a 1/50 reproduction:
Give a value of 2 in this case.

“Constant scale” option:


This option makes it possible to redefine all of the objects in the selection at a given scale, whatever
their current scale may be. It is also used to redefine the height of texts and the length of marks.

“Predefined Scale Areas”:


A Predefined Scale Area (PSA) is a closed polygon delimiting a part of your drawing in the object
area, which is associated with a pre-defined scale.
Once created, PSAs make it possible to automatically enter the size of scale to be applied during the
creation of markers, marks or texts whose insertion point is within a PSA. This greatly reduces the risk
of errors of scale and results in fewer subsequent reworks.
All of the functions featuring a “Scale” field include an “Auto” option which allows the user to activate
or deactivate this automatic feature.
You can create as many PSAs as you want. They can be moved, stretched, duplicated and cleared
via the AutoCAD commands.

Mask PSAs:
Although PSAs are created in the “DefPoints” layer, you can mask them by checking this option.
Unchecking this option displays the PSAs again.

Edit a PSA:
You can change the scale of a PSA by right-clicking or by double-clicking on the polygon.

Notes:
• The bars are always drawn at scale 1 and are therefore not affected by this command.
• To thicken the bar lines, use the “Thicken” command.

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4.18 Copy / Mirror

This command can be used to perform a copy or a mirror of a selection of AutoCAD and ArmaCAD
entities while also being able to increment the newly created bar marks.
In “Copy” mode and without incrementing the new bar mark numbers, this command has the same
effects as an AutoCAD “Copy-Paste” operation. (CTRL C followed by CTRL V on the keyboard).
Therefore, if you only want to copy ArmaCAD objects without any mirror operation or any incrementing
of mark numbers, you do not have to pass via the ArmaCAD Copy/Mirror command.

On the other hand, the AutoCAD “Copy” and “Mirror” commands should be avoided if your selection
includes associations of ArmaCAD objects such as:
• Full size bar <-> Figurative bars
• Associated bar mark <-> Dim lines
• Associated bar mark <-> Single bar marks
• Dim line <-> Figurative bars (Rungs and rounds)
• Associated bar mark <-> Sketch
• Edge round <-> Intermediaries rounds
• Rounds <-> Support bar
• Associated bar mark <-> Edge of layer of variable bars.
• Associated bunches of bar marks

Due to the importance of the Full size bar <-> Associated bar marks association, it is conserved in all
cases.

The AutoCAD “Copy-Paste” command or the ArmaCAD “Copy-Mirror” command automatically re-
create the links to the objects created by duplication. This saves you having to re-create the links later
via the “Associate” button of the Associated Bar Marks and Figurative Bars commands.
Moreover, the “Mirror” mode is referenced to the AutoCAD “Mirror” command since this command can
also be used to automatically re-position the single and associated bar marks in the read direction of
the drawing.

Increment value:
By default, single or associated bar marks retain the same number since the copied bars are identical.
If you want the new copied bar marks to take another value, enter the increment value. The number of
each new bar mark will be increased by this value. This value may be negative.

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The case of partial copying of ArmaCAD elements associated with each other:
Whether you are using the ArmaCAD “Copy-Paste” command or “Copy-Mirror” command or indeed
the “Copy” and “Mirror” commands of AutoCAD, the result is the same in the following cases:
• The duplication of a bar mark already associated with a full size bar, automatically associates the
new bar mark with the original full size bar if it does not form part of the copy.
• The duplication of one or more rungs of a rake that is dependent upon an associated bar mark
leads to the automatic updating of the number of bars recorded on the bar mark if it does not form
part of the copy
• The duplication of a figurative bar already associated with a full size bar automatically associates
the new figurative bar with the original full size bar if it does not form part of the copy
• The duplication of a round associated with a support bar automatically associates the new round
with the original support bar if it does not form part of the copy.

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4.19 Fill <-> Wire

This command makes it possible to switch, in both directions, from a fill representation to a wire
representation.
This command can also be accessed via the popup menu by right-clicking on the bar or by double-
clicking on the bar.
Wire representation is a closed polyline of zero thickness, the outline of which is the outside cover of
the bar. Therefore, you can hook onto this bar via either of its two sides. The line type remains
unchanged between representations.
Caution, 2 lines bars are not the same as the multilines generated with the Figurative bars command.
2 lines bars are fully handled by ArmaCAD. You can list them, associate a bar mark, modify the
diameter, grade or bending, and shift a segment. You can also handle them with all the AutoCAD
commands.

Conversion principle according to type of bar selected:


• Fill <-> Wire
• Donut <-> Circle
• 3D -> Fill

To switch from a 2D representation to 3D, enter "BAR3D" on the keyboard

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4.20 Thicken

This command is used to thicken a set of bars or to reduce the thickness of a set of bars that had
been previously thickened.

The purpose of this command is to increase the size of a small-diameter bar on small-scale views
without changing the configuration.
The same plan may therefore include non-thickened bars on large-scale views and thickened bars on
small-scale views (1/50 or smaller).
The thickening factors are calibrated via the project options in the “Diameters” tab. The default
thickening factors are calculated in such a way that no bar measures less than 0.35 mm on a 1/50
scale view.
Bars of the same diameter and with different thickening factors may coexist on the same plan.
By default, only straight bars (and all figurative bars) can be thickened.
However, it is possible to draw thickened shaped bars (not recommended) by unchecking the
following option in the design control of project options:

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4.21 Bar end marking

The mark inserted is a figurative representation can be used to symbolize the end of a bar.
This command can also be accessed via the popup menu by right-clicking on the bar or by double-
clicking on the bar.
Select any bar on the side on which the mark is desired.
The mark is drawn automatically in the layer of the selected bar with the same thickness.
The mark is attached to the bar and is taken into account in the case of any change of the bar. If you
do not want an attached mark, select the “Do not attach” option.

Bars with markings can be directly associated with bar marks via their end markings:

In order to erase a bar end marking, select the button “Delete” then select the marking to be erased.
The button “Group” allows to attach a mark issued from a previous release of ArmaCAD 7.

In order to erase a bar end marking, select the button “Delete” then select the marking to be erased.

Length of the end marking and current scale:


The dimension “A”, expressed in mm, indicates the desired length of the marking as it must appear in
the paper space. ArmaCAD thus calculates the required length in the object space, taking account of
the current scale.
Dimension “A” is saved in the drawing.
If the “Auto” option is checked, the scale is set to that of the Predefined Scale Area (see “Change
scale” command to create these areas).

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4.22 List a bar

List a bar or a fabric.


This command can also be accessed via the popup menu by right-clicking on the bar or by double-
clicking on the bar.
This feature displays all the following information relating to the selected bar: Number, dimensions,
bending angles and diameters, total length, weight, shape code, sketch.
If the selected bar is a figurative bar and the latter is associated with a full size bar, it is the latter that
is listed.

Dimensions and angles:


The angles are bending angles (complementary angles). They can be measured as direct angles by
modifying the option for dimensioning the angles via the “Options” command.
Combined vertexes are ignored.
The dimensions are the outside dimensions of each bend.
These dimensions are measured with reference at the intersection of the outside fibers of the bends
for an angle greater than 90°, or tangent for an an gle less than 90°:

Caution! This sketch relates to the dimensioning of complementary angles, and is presented with the
bending schedule as an example. If you select the angle dimensioning option in "Direct" mode (in the
Options command), you must adapt it. (Block Cadf_53)

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The dimensions of the segments followed by large-radius arcs can, if necessary, be given only on the
straight part by selecting the “Straight length” option via Project Options:

The radii concerned are inside radii.


The total length is the total length measured in the axis of the bar. (Method B of the ISO 3766:2004
standard).
The total length takes account of any built-in overlaps.

Units and rounds:


All the dimensions are expressed in mm, angles are expressed in degrees.
Dimensions are rounded to the nearest mm.
The total length is rounded to the nearest mm.
Angles are rounded to the nearest degree for bends greater than 1°, to the tenth of a degree for bends
less than 1°.
The weight is expressed in kg rounded to two decimal places.
However, the bar schedule has its rounding rules for dimensions and lengths which can be set
depending on the case. See bar schedule settings.

Bending types:
Anchored bars: Type 1
Frames, stirrups: Type 2
For these two types, the standard values of the bending mandrels are determined in the options of the
project.
If the bar has no standard radius, the type becomes 0.
An error message located at the bottom of the dialogue zone is displayed in the case of a bar that has
a degree of bending that is less than the standard degree of bending on at least one of its bending
radii. (type 1 or 2).
This circumstance can be enabled or disabled through the options of the design control via the
“Options – Project” command.

Sketches and shape code:


ArmaCAD is able to recognize around one hundred different shapes. The shape number specified is
that in the ArmaCAD catalog. The sketch with dimensions is displayed in the viewing window. Clicking
in the window displays the full size bar.
If a shape remains unknown, the shape is vectorized and represented to scale in the viewing window.
The choice of shape code number can be modified in the ArmaCAD .SHP file.
(See shape code settings)

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Standard anchors:
An anchor is said to be standard if the hook length corresponds to a fixed value multiplied by the
number of nominal diameters. These values are configurable using the Options command. The coding
of the anchors corresponds to the following rules:
• S.B.: Standard bend -> Bar with 90° hook
• S.A.: Standard anchorage -> Bar with 135° hook
• S.H.: Standard hook -> Bar with 180° hook

Associated bar mark:


ArmaCAD detects whether an associated bar mark is associated with the selected bar.
In this case, the number of the bar mark is shown.

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4.23 Search

The first tab makes it possible to search for all the associated representations for a given bar number.
(Single bar marks, associated bar marks, full size bars, figurative bars)
Select the option that suits you:

View bar marks one by one:


Zoom on each bar mark with the same number followed by highlighting.

View all bar marks:


Zoom out followed by display on black background of all bar marks with the same number.

View associated bars:


Zoom out followed by display on black background of all bars (figurative or full size bars) indicating the
same number.

View All:
Zoom out followed by display on black background of all bar marks with the same number and of all
bars associated with the same number.

Notes:
• To redisplay all the entities in the drawing, enter "REGEN" on the keyboard
• To zoom directly onto the bar or the bar mark associated with an object, use the "Go to" command
via the ArmaCAD popup menu.
nd
The 2 “Control” tab displays the result of the design controls:

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4.24 Associated bar marks

This command can also be accessed via the popup menu by right-clicking on the bar or by double-
clicking on the bar.
This feature makes it possible to associate a bar mark with a bar. The set of these bar marks
associated with drawn full size bars enables the automatic generation of the bar schedule.
In this way, a link is created between a bar mark and a bar. This link can only be deleted by deleting
one of the members of the Bar mark/Bar pair.
If the selected bar is a figurative bar and the latter is associated with a full size bar, it is the latter that
is listed.
Several bar marks can be associated with the same bar. On the other hand, a bar can be associated
with only one bar mark.

• The number of elements must be a whole


number. It is not displayed on the dimension
line of the bar mark but is accounted in the bar
schedule as the multiplier of the number of
bars.
• To calculate the number of bars automatically
by taking into account the spacing value, select
the "Spacing" option in "Method" and specify
the spacing value. If the description (see below)
contains a value, it is updated automatically in
the case of a change in the spacing value. For
example, "sp=200" becomes "sp=150".
• You may add a description to the dimension
line of the bar mark along with a comment
under this line. In the case of bar schedules
comprising a "Spacing" column, the numeric
value specified in the description used. For
example, "200" or "@200" or "sp=200"
becomes 200 in the bar schedule.
• The number of bars may be specified in the
form of an integer number, several additions or
several multiplications. For example: 2, 2+5+10,
2x5*10. (Only one type of operator authorized).
• By default, the orientation of the bar mark
number is parallel with the dimension line. If
you want the direction of reading of the number
to remain horizontal, do not check this option.

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Notes on the numbers of bars:


• The number of elements generally concerns a number of structures or parts of structures. (Lists of
beams or forming floor slabs for example)
• The number of layers is a multiplier: For example, 2 layers of 5 bars will be written as 2x5. In this
case, the number of bars will be equal to 10 in the bar schedule.
• The number of bars is either an integer number or an operator. The operator can be "*" "x" "X" or
"+". There is no processing difference between "*" "x" and "X".
• The + operator cannot be associated with an "*" "x" or "X" operator.
• For example, 2 layers of 3x5 bars will be written as 2x3x5 on the bar mark, and will be written as
30 bars in bar schedule. This notation is equivalent to a notation in the form 2x3x5 or 2X3X5 or
2*3*5 bars.
• The advantage of passing via the number of layers concerns the dimension lines and rakes whose
number is calculated in accordance with the spacing. If the number is changed, this deletes the
dynamic mode of the dimension line (Automatic updating of the number in the case of stretching).
To continue with the above example, the fact of passing via 2 layers of 3x5 bars to a layer of 3x5
bars does not affect the dynamic mode. On the other hand the fact of passing via a layer of 2x3x5
bars to a layer of 3x5 bars forces the number, and therefore removes the dynamic mode.

Link" button:
Associates an already existing bar mark with the bar just selected.
The program will ask you if you want to retain the numbers and comments present on the existing bar
mark. If you do not want to retain them, the information present in the dialog box will be taken into
account. The old sketch will be updated if the "Draw sketch of bar" option is checked.
If the selected bar mark is a single bar mark, it is converted into an associated bar mark.

"Draw" button:
Creates a bar mark to be associated with the bar selected. The choice of number is free.
By default, the last number plus one of the current list is proposed.
If the "Draw sketch of bar" option is checked, the sketch will be inserted after the bar mark.
If you choose a number that has already been taken, ArmaCAD verifies that all the bars indicating the
same number are identical.
Entering "F" on the keyboard for the "First point" option makes it possible to separate the bar mark
from the previously selected bar in order to start the dimension line at another point of the drawing.
The link joining the bar mark and the bar will not be deleted. For example, if you previously created a
rake, select the "Isolated bar" option, then enter “p”, select the end of the rake, the snap mode will be
automatic.

Eight types of representation are available:


Dimension line, Stand alone, Variable bars, Mean length bar, Same bars, Rake, Comb and Bunch.

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Dimension line:

Creates a straight or curved distribution line representing the distribution area of the selected bar. It is
not compulsory for the line to intersect with the selected bar:

It is possible to shift the dimension line to the right or left. (This is practical if attaching to formwork):

If the selected bar, or a figurative bar associated with this bar, is intersected by the dimension line, a
mark is inserted at the intersection.
If no intersection is found, ArmaCAD will ask you to select a figurative bar of the same diameter and
will automatically associate it with the selected bar.
If you do not want an intersection with a bar, press the Enter key to confirm “None”.

Three options are proposed: Single, Multiple or Continuous.

Creates a single dimension line.

Allows you to create a succession of separate dimension lines:

If the number is given under the form n+n+n, the mode automatically switches to Multiple, with the
number of dimension lines to be drawn depending on the number of “+”.
For example, if you enter the number “8+6”, ArmaCAD will ask you to establish two dimension lines
featuring 8 bars for the first and 6 bars for the second.

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Allows you to create a succession of continuous dimension lines while varying the
numbers or the spacing (multiple spacing option checked):

Dynamic dim lines:


If the "Spacing" option is checked, the number of bars is calculated automatically according to the
length of the dimension line(s). In Multiple mode, the number of bars is marked on each line. In this
case, the dimension line becomes "dynamic", i.e. any subsequent stretching operation applied to this
line automatically updates the number of bars marked on the dimension line and that of the associated
bar mark:

Modifying the value of the number of bars of the associated bar mark, via the “Edit bar mark”
command, cancels the dynamic mode of the dimension line.

The fact of erasing a dynamic dimension line automatically updates the number of bars of the
associated bar mark and, in multiple mode, also erases the partial number recorded on the line.
To change the spacing value later, and thus update the number of bars, use the “Edit bar mark”
command or indeed click with the right mouse button on the dimension line so as to display the
“Modify Spacing” command of the ArmaCAD contextual menu.

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Stand alone:
The bar mark is created from the bar selected.
If the "Spacing" option is checked, the program will ask you to specify with a start point and an end
point the distribution area of the bar in order to calculate the number automatically.

Variable bars:
All the bars of the same type as that selected and intersected by the dimension line are marked
individually by lettering (01A, 01B, 01C, etc.). In this case, the number of bars is entered automatically.
The bar schedule will have as many dimensions lines as there are elements of variable bars.
The dimensions of each bar can be individually modified via the Stretch command.
The fact of modifying the properties of a member of the group updates the whole of the group as well
as the associated bar mark.
(See “Modify properties”)
The fact of erasing an individual bar mark automatically updates the number of bars of the associated
bar mark. The letter of an individual bar mark can be modified by the command for editing the
attributes of AutoCAD:

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Mean length bar:


Allows for the creation of a bar mark associated with two bars at the start and end of an area of linear
variation.
In the bar schedule, the given length shall be the mean length between these two bars and the
variable dimensions shall be expressed in the form: X->Y.
The dimension line of a mean length bar may be drawn independently of the selected bars. It may be
associated with figurative bars, or be dynamic if the spacing is given, in the same way as the
“Dimension line” function:

Only the “Multiple” and “Continuous” options are not available.


The fact of modifying the properties of one of the two bars updates the other bar as well as the
associated bar mark.
(See “Modify properties”)

N.B. This type of bar mark is not recommended if the variation between the two bars is not linear.

Same bars:
All the bars strictly identical to that selected and intersected by the dimension line are marked.
In this case, the number of bars is entered automatically.
If the intersected bars are figurative bars associated with the selected full size bar, they are also taken
into account.

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Rake:
Draws a rake of bars of the same diameter as the selected bar.
The selected bar and its associated Figurative Bars, if they are intersected by the dimension line of the
rakes, are repositioned automatically on the nearest rung.
If the selected bar or an associated figurative bar is intersected by the dimension line of the rake, it is
repositioned automatically on a rung of the rake.
The bars are arranged in a linear network according to a constant interval, i.e.:
• Calculated according to the maximum length and spacing given.
• Set in priority, in which case the last spacing is not handled. ("Priority to spacing" option checked)
• Calculated according to the length and number given. If the number of bars given is in the format
5x2, the number of rungs drawn will corresponds to the first number of the formula (In this case,
5).
If you want to sequence the rakes (From the point, to the point, from the point to the point, etc.) select
the “Multiple” option:

If the rake is drawn according to a given spacing, the rake becomes "dynamic", i.e. any subsequent
stretching or movement operation applied to the dimension line of the rake automatically updates the
rake and the number of bars of the associated bar mark. (See the command “Rakes”)
To change the spacing value later, and thus to update the number of rungs (and therefore of bars),
use the “Edit bar mark” command or indeed click with the right mouse button on the dimension line so
as to display the “Modify Spacing” command of the ArmaCAD contextual menu.

 The fact of erasing or of adding a rake rung automatically updates the number of bars of the
associated bar mark.
 The fact of erasing the dynamic dimension line of a rake automatically erases all the rungs
and marks of the rakes and updates the number of bars of the associated bar mark.

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Comb:
The "Comb" bar mark makes it possible to join a set of sectional figurative bars to a dimension line.
The number of bars is entered automatically.
The wires may be inclined with respect to the dimension line. The objects to be joined are chosen by
multiple selection filtered by diameter.
In "Circular spacing" mode, the dimension line is drawn in the form of a curve:

 The fact of erasing or of adding a round automatically updates the number of bars of the
associated bar mark.

Bunch:
Makes it possible to combine several bar marks associated with other bars with an existing bar mark:

If the first bar mark is already linked to a dimension line, a rake or a comb – dynamic or otherwise –
any change of number or distribution is automatically transferred to all of the constituents of the bunch
of bar marks. That is why it is impossible to modify the number or distribution of a "Bunch" bar mark.

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Notes
• Number and comment information is modified using the “Edit a bar mark” or “Bar marks
command” commands.
• The bar mark format can be configured via the “Options” command.
• If you want to modify the label of a bar mark at a later stage, use the “Bar marks control”
command.
• You cannot modify the type and diameter marked on the dimension line directly, as they are only a
result and are updated automatically using the diameter and type and grade modification
commands.
• If you duplicate an associated bar mark, it is automatically associated with the original full size bar.
However, if you duplicate the bar mark/bar combination, a new pairing is created. For further
information about the links between ArmaCAD objects, refer to the “Copy/Mirror” chapter.
• If the “Auto” option is checked, the scale is set to that of the Predefined Scale Area (see “Change
scale” command to create these areas).

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4.25 Edit a bar mark

This command makes it possible to modify a single or associated bar mark; these bar marks cannot
be modified using the "DDATTE" command. This command can also be accessed via the popup menu
by right-clicking on the bar.

Single bar mark:


For a single bar mark, you can modify:
• The number: Whole number mandatory.
• The bar mark text: Free text
• The comments: Free text

Associated bar mark:


If the selected bar mark is an associated bar mark, you can modify the following elements:
• The number of members: Whole number mandatory. (by default: 1)
• The number of bars: Whole number or formula that may comprise a + or x sign
• The suffix (Spacing): Free text or spacing value (For example. “200” or “sp=200” or “@200” etc.,
etc.)
• The comments: Free text.
The numbers of members and bars can also be modified using the Bar marks command.
You cannot modify the number directly: To shift the numbering or invert numbers, use the Bar marks
command.

This option is ised in order to update the sketches including dimensions. It is active if the option
“Dim.”is checked by the “Bar marks format” button in the “Options – Project” command .
If the sketch does not contain dimensions, those are added. If the sketch contains dimensions, those
are up dated.
Note: All the dimensions are automatically updated at the time of launching the barlist.

These buttons have two functions: Firstly, They indicate whether the bar mark is a variable bar mark
or an average bar mark or neither. Secondly, in the case of a layer bar mark of variable lengths
generated via the “Figurative Bars” command, they allow you to pass from the variable bars mode (by
default ) to the average bar mode.

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Notes:
If the bar mark is associated with a dynamic dimension line or a rake, the number is calculated
automatically according to the length of the dimension line and the spacing value:
• Presetting the value of the spacing (For example sp=200 modified to sp=150) updates
automatically the number of bars of the bar mark, and, if the dim line comes from a rake, redraw
the rake by taking in account the new spacing value.
• Presetting the value of the number of bars deletes this link:

• To replace a text, or part of a text, by another text, for all the attributes of the single and
associated bar marks present on the drawing, use the command “Replace text in barracks” in the
Toolbox.

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4.26 Dim lines

This sub-menu contains several functions specific to dimension lines linking bar marks to bars.
All of these functions can also be accessed via a popup menu dedicated to these dimension lines.
Indeed, it is preferable to use this menu because the commands are deactivated when they do not
apply to the selected element:

Modify spacing:
Modifies the distribution value of a dynamic dimension line or a dynamic rake. The fact of modifying
the spacing updates the number shown on the associated bar mark and, if the dimension line is a
rake, it is completely redrawn according to the new spacing in question.

Divide:

Makes it possible to divide a dimension line or a rake (dynamic or otherwise) into two parts, with the
automatic updating of the associated bar mark (useful if a shaft is added, for example):

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Crossings:

This command can be used to draw “bridges” at the intersection of bar mark lines. These lines can be
straight lines, arcs or polylines.
Dynamic dimension lines and combs created using Version 9 are also managed.
To add one or more bridges, first select the elements that are to constitute the bridges. Then select all
of the elements passing below.
You can also move and delete these bridges:

Ungroup and Regroup:

By default, in order to make it easier to manipulate or clear bar marks, lines, markings, arrows and
marks are attached. To un-group a combination, right-click and select “Ungroup”.
The grouping of these objects can be unchecked in the user options:

The “Regroup” command can be used to regroup a set that has previously been ungrouped.

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4.27 Bar marks control

The purpose of this feature is to monitor and command all the associated bar marks of your drawing.
When this feature is run, ArmaCAD verifies that each associated bar mark present on the drawing is
associated with a correctly drawn bar.
If the verification is not satisfactory, ArmaCAD displays on a black background, without zooming out,
the bar marks on error so that you can intervene.
If the verification is satisfactory, ArmaCAD displays all the numbers present on the drawing in list form.
All the information to be included in the bar schedule is given by number.

Bar mark sketch


If the shape of the bar is a shape recognized by ArmaCAD, the sketch is that of a block from the
ArmaCAD SHP library. If you prefer ArmaCAD to draw a scale diagram when generating the bar
schedule, click on the sketch. A vectorized real shape then appears, indicating that your request has
been registered:

If you prefer to insert a text into the schedule instead of the dimensions, e.g. in the case of an
overcrowded diagram, click on “Replacement text” and enter a referral text:

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Operations on numbering:

Change:
Used to change the number of an associated selected bar mark in the list.
The single bar marks bearing the same number are updated by default.
The case of several associated bar marks with the same number:
You can either change all the associated bar marks with the same number, or change only the
selected bar mark. In this case, in the presence of single bar marks with the same number, the rule is
as follows:
 The single bar marks that were created by selecting an associated bar are updated automatically.
(Bar marks created from version 8).
 The remaining single bar marks are not altered, and an alarm message informs you of this.

Switch:
Inverts two numbers with respect to each other.
Select the number to be permuted in the second list proposed.
The bar marks (associated or single) concerned are updated automatically.
The case of several associated bar marks with the same number where one is permutated:
In this case, in the presence of single bar marks with the same number, the rule is the same as for the
“Change” command.

Shift:
Can be used to shift all the numbering by the desired value.
The shift is carried out from the number selected in the list.
The shift value is free, it may be positive or negative.
All the bar marks, whether single or in the bar schedule, are updated automatically.
The case of several associated bar marks with the same number located before that selected:
In this case, in the presence of single bar marks with the same number, the rule is the same as for the
“Change” command.

Operations on bar marks:

Delete:
Erases from the drawing the associated selected bar mark in the list, or all the bar marks with the
same number.
You are also able to delete the associated bar, the figurative bars, and the single bar marks, by
selecting the corresponding options.
The case of several associated bar marks with the same number:

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If you want to delete only the selected bar mark, in the presence of single bar marks with the same
number, the rule is the same as for the “Change” command.

Edit:
This feature is the same as the “Edit a bar mark” command.
This feature may also be activated by double-clicking on the selected element.
You can do a multiple selection (keys CTRL or SHIFT). In this case, you can only change the number
of members.

Rev:
Manually marks a revision number in alphanumeric form. This revision number is then retained in the
associated bar mark. These revision numbers are printed when the bar schedules are edited.
In order to register a same rev letter on several bar marks, you can do a multiple selection (keys CTRL
or SHIFT).
To automate and protect revision number update operations, it is preferable to use the "Events"
button.

Events:
ArmaCAD is able to handle tracking of modifications between two issues.
If you issue your bar schedule with any revision number, all subsequent modifications made to your
drawing by you or any other party are identified and displayed in an events report. The numbers
added and deleted since the previous issue are also processed.
In the case of a new issue, these changes can automatically be updated to the next highest revision
number. However, you can still work manually using the "Rev” button.
Since the issue of a bar schedule can be a sensitive operation in terms of Quality Assurance, a
"Password" button is proposed so as to authorize the issue of the bar schedule with a new revision
number only to the holder of the password.
The Print button makes it possible to create a “Report.txt” file that you can print and convert if
required.

Go to:
Ends the command and zooms directly on the full size bar corresponding to the selected associated
bar mark. This feature can also be accessed via the ArmaCAD popup menu.

Section:
This can be used to insert a header allowing you to create zones in the bar schedule. The sections
can be with or without a page break. The section is inserted above of the selected line.
To change or delete an existing section, use the “Edit” and “Delete” buttons.
The limits of sections are managed during the operations to shift the numbering.

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4.28 Bar schedules

1-Bar schedule of the drawing:


This feature generates the bar schedule and rebars weight of the drawing automatically. If the drawing
comprises couplers or welded fabrics, their summaries are generated automatically.
The schedule layout is fully configurable (See Settings and customization section.)

Before generating the bar schedule, ArmaCAD verifies the conformity of the following points:
• All the associated bar marks must be associated with a valid representation.
• Two same numbers must be associated with identical representations.
• Two same numbers must comprise the same number of members.

In the case of a non-conformity, ArmaCAD displays on a black background, without zooming out, the
bar marks on error so that you can intervene.
After this check, ArmaCAD automatically generates the bar schedules in the paper space or model
space depending on the option selected.

Location of the bar schedule:


The nomenclature can be generated in a presentation named “ArmaCAD”, in the object space, or in
the current presentation.
There can only be a single schedule per presentation.
The “Current presentation” option is useful for schedules divided between several presentations. (In
ranges of numbers, for example).
Each presentation containing a schedule stores the options selected for its creation in its memory (e.g.
titles, number of elements, scale, ranges of numbers, volume of concrete, etc.).
If there are several schedules spread out over several presentations, it is possible to launch all of
them by selecting the “All” option:

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Notes:
• If you have checked the "Print date" and "Number pages" boxes, the date and page number will
be marked on each page of the bar schedule. It is also possible to modify the number of the first
page (1 by default).
• You can display two titles printed on each bar schedule page. This information remains stored in
your drawing until you make a further change. Its position can be modified via the Options
command, "Bar Schedule Page" button.
• The "Purge old blocks" option is useful if you are in the SHP directory block customization phase:
By default, the blocks already present in the drawing are used for an improved execution speed.
• If you only want to print a set of numbers, enter the "From" and "to" fields for the bar marks and
the welded fabric marks. Only the bar marks located between these two values (inclusive) will be
included in the check and bar schedule.
• The number of members only concerns the summaries (lengths, weights, couplers and welded
fabrics). This number applies to all the values of these tables. The values for each bar schedule
and welded fabric number are implied for one member.
• By default, the bar schedule insertion point is defined via the Project options command. The
"Select on screen" button makes it possible to select the top left hand corner when each bar
schedule is run, without reading the current settings.
• Ratio: this is the relationship between the volume of concrete stated and the total weight of steel
(all grades and welded fabric included). Each presentation may have its own volume of concrete
and thus its own ratio.
• The mean diameter given includes all steel grades. It does not include welded fabrics.

FAQ:
Why does ArmaCAD prohibit different numbers of elements for the same number?
To prevent there being a fraction in the number of bars:
Example: 5 bars on 3 elements + 6 bars on 1 element would give:
Number of bars per element: 5.25 !
Number of elements: 4
Total number of bars: 21

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2-Project summary:
This feature makes it possible to generate a steel weight summary for a set of files forming all or part
of the same project.
In the dialog box, select the files comprising a rebars weight (Multiple selection mode)
ArmaCAD then opens all the files selected to read the rebars weight.
The final summary is then inserted in the current drawing. The schedule used for the summary
(CADF_54) can be configured in the same way as the rebars weight (CADF_52). It is not necessary
for the two tables to have the same attributes.
After the summary, a text file is displayed summarizing the files taken into account
Since Version 9, it has been possible to generate the summary in Excel. The “Barlist.xlt” template is
used for this purpose.

3-Printing schedules:
Prints on your computer's A4 printer all the bar schedule pages and the rebars weight. Depending on
the type of printer, it is possible to start printing with the first or the last page.
The plotter type is a property of the paper space (layouts). By default, ArmaCAD proposed to generate
bar schedules in a specific layout named "ArmaCAD" that you can configure as you wish. The
dimensions of the window and the orientation of the line are calculated automatically for each
schedule.

This option can be used to print the pages two by two, such as two A4 sheets on an A3 printer for
example.

Printing a cover page:


All the blocks present with the name CADF_5? will be printed automatically. You can for example
create your own cover pages (for example a block Cadf_59). They will then automatically be printed
with the bar schedule pages.

3 - Exporting to EXCEL:
ArmaCAD regenerates the bar schedule on AutoCAD and then copies it to a new Excel file. The
format is that of the "BARLIST.XLT" template present in the ArmaCAD support directory.

To find out how to customize your bar schedules, refer to the “Settings and customization” section.

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4 - Exporting in the BVBS format:


Creation of a text file (extension .ABS for Allgemeine-Bewehrungs-Schnittstelle) in accordance with
the BVBS specifications.
The BVBS format is an international standard for exchanging data on reinforcing steels.
It is comprehensible to the steel forming machines. It also automates the transfer of data to the
production control software used in the forming plants.
All the bar types are generated in the BVBS format including the unknown forms, as well as all the
special steels, the variable bars, the average bars, the non-standard curved bars and the fabrics.

Extract from a BVBS file:

BF2D@Hj@r@i@pA1@l2527@n1@e2.24@d12@gH@s50@v@Gl159@w135@l528@w90@l621@w90@l528@w90@l621@
w135@l159@w0@C66@
BF2D@Hj@r@i@pA2@l2670@n1@e2.37@d12@gH@s100@v@Gl243@w89@l2258@w91@l244@w0@C87@
BF2D@Hj@r@i@pA3@l2670@n1@e2.37@d12@gH@s100@v@Gl243@w89@l2258@w91@l244@w0@C86@
BF2D@Hj@r@i@pB1@l2527@n1@e2.24@d12@gH@s50@v@Gl159@w135@l528@w90@l621@w90@l528@w90@l621@
w135@l159@w0@C65@
BF2D@Hj@r@i@pB2@l3101@n1@e4.89@d16@gH@s150@v@Gl254@w135@l2571@w135@l254@w0@C86@
BF2D@Hj@r@i@pB3@l3101@n1@e4.89@d16@gH@s150@v@Gl254@w135@l2571@w135@l254@w0@C85@

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5 Additional commands

5.1 Audit

This command allows you to discover all of the parameters used in the creation of the bar schedule.
This command is therefore especially useful upon receipt of schedules for which you want to verify
which options were checked or unchecked when they were generated.
An example of the Audit command is shown below:

Bar schedule of the drawing: Drawing1.dwg


Launch date: 03/02/2009
Used configuration:
C:\ArmaCAD\Support
Drawing scale:
1=1cm
Release ArmaCAD: 9.0-en
Licence: 7AD9269
Release AutoCAD: 17.2s (LMS Tech)
--------------------------------------------------------------
Design control:
Do not allow lengths more than 12.0 m:
No
Do not allow str. lengths less than 5 diameters:
Yes
Do not allow bending diameters less than standard values:
Yes
Do not create bars with integrated overlaps:
No
Do not allow faked associated bar marks:
No
Do not allow thickened shaped bars:
Yes
--------------------------------------------------------------
Options - Couplers:
Dimensioning of coupled bars:
Length bar alone
Dimensioning of threaded bars:
Total length

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5.2 CAM module

This CAM (computer-assisted manufacture) module is an aid to the manufacture of bars in the factory.
It can be called up via the User Options command
The purpose of this module is to create a bar schedule with addition of the information necessary for
the manufacture of the bars.
In this light, this module can be used to assign to each number of the bar schedule the names of
structures or parts of structures called Assemblies and Subassemblies.
It can also be used to specify the information necessary for the manufacture of the bars, such as the
types of machine to be used, the basic preparation (straight bars or spools, for example) etc.

Operation:
A list of the numbers is created automatically at the launch of the first bar schedule. It is therefore
necessary that the bar schedule should have been generated at least once. (On Excel or not). If the
bar schedule includes a drawing name, the latter then appears at the head of the CAM module. This
list is thenceforth updated during each subsequent running of the bar schedule.
To add or change the names of assemblies or subassemblies in the two corresponding lists, click the
“Manage the assemblies” button. These two lists are recorded in the drawing. In order to assign an
assembly name and/or a subassembly name to a number, just click the “Assign” button.
Likewise, in order to assign the machines necessary for creating each bar, it is necessary only to
select the latter in the corresponding lists (up to six) and to click the “Assign” button.
The list of machines can be modified by editing the “Mac.dat” file located in the ArmaCAD Support
directory. Each field must be between quote marks. The field separators can be spaces or tabs. The
first field corresponds to the full name of the machine, and the second to its abbreviation carried on
the bar schedule.
Once the assignments have been completed, relaunch the bar schedule by selecting the “Export to
Excel” button. All the information necessary for the manufacturing process is then located by number.

Notes:
• In the case of modifications made to the drawing followed by the launch of a new bar schedule, all
the assignments are preserved. Nevertheless, it should be remembered that the assignments
concern numbers and not shapes. This means that if the numbering have to be shifted (via the
“Manage the bar marks” command in particular), the assignments would then have to be repeated.

• The CDROM contains a bar schedule configuration for an output in CAM mode: See
\ArmaCAD9\Configurations\CAM.

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5.3 Tool box

Zero Z
If you wish to ensure that your formwork drawing background is perfectly horizontal at a zero altitude,
enter the command "Z 0" on the keyboard. (A Z followed by a zero). This will set all line, curve, text
and dimensioning type elements in the drawing to a zero altitude.

Reverse bar
This command allows to reverse the direction of the dimensioning of one or several rebars.

Bar 2D -> 3D
Can be used to convert a 2D bar into a 3D bar (3D Full). To convert the 3D bar into a 2D bar, use the
“Fill <-> Wire” command.

Snap angle same as


This command makes it possible to work with an ORTHO mode independent of the current UCS. It is
simply necessary for select any object (or end of object) so that the cross wire becomes parallel (or
tangent) with this object. Very useful command to adding hooks in a specific direction or extending a
curve with a straight section.

Replace text in barmarks


Replace a text or part of a text by another text for all the attributes of the single and associated bar
marks present in the drawing. For example, replacing "H" by "T" will update all bar mark type and
grade symbols. The bar mark comments are also processed using this command.

Customization of SHP directory


This command allows to modify the appearance of all the ArmaCAD shapes in the SHP directory:
Choice of colors, style of text and layer.

Update all the ArmaCAD objects


Update all the ArmaCAD blocks and attributes (CADF blocks) of the drawing according to the blocks
definition of the current Support directory.
Properties of all marks and tags are automatically updated: It concerns their color, text style and layer
name.

Note:
By default, ArmaCAD uses an “ArmaCAD” style-name that includes the “Isocp” font for all its blocks. It
is therefore necessary, in the case of a font change in part of the blocks of the Support directory, to
also change the name of the styles in order not to come into conflict with the “ArmaCAD” default style
which may be present in the drawing to be updated.

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5.4 Management of configurations

This command allows you to:


 Select the location of the current configuration
 Easily create a new configuration
 Access each of the blocks comprising the current configuration

Location of the current configuration:

Specifies to ArmaCAD the location of the current project setting file search path and the access for the
specific support files for the project, if they exist (See “Support Files”).

Create a new configuration:


Click on the "New" button and then select either the "Based on the current configuration" option or
"Based on a standard configuration".
This second option is an easy way to create a new configuration in another language (e.g. for the
schedule tables):

ArmaCAD then asks you to select the directory in which this new configuration will be situated.

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Library:
This function allows you to access the list of all of the blocks used in the current configuration (see
Support File) in order to view them or modify them by clicking on the"Modify" button:

Note:
Reminder of the rule for blocks already present on the current drawing:
 Modifications made to the schedule tables are accounted for when a new schedule is
launched.
 Modifications made to bar marks, markings and other elements of the graphic charter are only
accounted for in the drawing if you run the command "Update all the ArmaCAD objects” in the
ArmaCAD Tool box.

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5.5 Compatibility with dimensioning software programs

It is possible to recover all formwork drawing backgrounds automatically from dimensioning software
programs which are compatible with the ADD exchange format (e.g. Robot, CBS Pro, Monomakh,
etc.):

Enter “ADDLOAD” via the keyboard to launch the command.

After selecting the ADD file to be imported, ArmaCAD displays a list of elements constituting the entire
structure.

Three types of drawings are possible:

- Plan view drawing of the foundations: ArmaCAD draws a top view of all foundation elements (raft
foundations, footings and continuous footings) in addition to the foundation layers of posts and walls.

- Plan view drawing of a floor slab: ArmaCAD draws an underneath view of all elements in a floor slab
(slabs, walls, beams and posts). The choice of level to be drawn is made from the list of levels.

- Book of elements: ArmaCAD draws some or all of the following elements: continuous footings,
footings, posts, beams and walls in the form of a plan view and a sectional view for footings, in the
form of and elevation and sectional view for beams and posts and in the form of an elevation for walls.
The choice of level(s) to draw is made from the list of levels. The elements are numbered with an
order number and by their level for beams, posts and walls.

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6 Popup menus
ArmaCAD has several popup menus can be used to give direct access to the ArmaCAD object
modification and edit commands.

Depending on the type of object selected (Bar marks, bars, couplers, welded fabrics, etc.), the content
of the popup menu is modified automatically so as only to propose the commands applicable to the
context of the object.

The popup menu can be displayed using two methods:

• By right-clicking over the object to be modified or edited.

• By double-clicking on the object to be modified or edited.

The popup menu has a "Go to" command can be used to zoom directly on the element associated
with the selected element according to the following principle:

• Associated bar mark -> zoom on the associated full size bar.

• Associated bar -> zoom on the associated bar mark or the associated figurative bars.

• Associated figurative bar -> zoom on the associated full size bar.

Notes:

• The display of the menu by right-clicking observes the user preferences for right-clicking defined
via the AutoCAD Options command. In other words, the menu is only activated if the
"ShortCutMenu" variable is different to 0.

• AutoCAD, like ArmaCAD, handles the object editing mode by means of double-clicking. This
particularly applies for blocks, for which the activation of the EATTEDIT command may come into
conflict with ArmaCAD block editing. (Bar marks and welded fabrics). If you only want the
ArmaCAD popup menu to be activated by double-clicking on an ArmaCAD object, type the
AutoCAD keyboard command “DBLCLKEDIT” and select the option “Inactive”.

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7 Settings and customization

7.1 Project options

Design control:

The first three options indicate the execution tolerances of the bars to ArmaCAD, namely the
maximum and minimum thresholds of the lengths of bars, straight segments and bending radii. If
these thresholds are exceeded, then an alarm message is displayed during the “List bar” command. If
the options are checked, it becomes impossible to output these bars to a bar schedule.

If the fourth option is checked during the creation of bars with a length that is greater than the
maximum length, ArmaCAD does not offer to integrate automatic overlaps, leaving the user the
responsibility of himself cutting the bars to the maximum length allowed.

This option unchecks the “Associated->Single” command and the “Duplicate the associated bar mark
information” option in the “Single bar marks” command (see Single bar marks).

By default, only straight bars (and all figurative bars) can be thickened.
However, it is possible to draw thickened shaped bars (not recommended) by unchecking this option.

Scale in model space:

Specifies to ArmaCAD the scale at which bars are drawn and interpreted. For example, a one meter
bar may measure in the model space, 1000, 100 or 1 AutoCAD units. This scale is unique for the
entire drawing. ArmaCAD also uses this scale when inserting marks and associated bar marks.
Caution: This value must be constant within the same drawing, otherwise you may see your bars
suddenly become one thousand times larger or smaller or a cover change from 2.5 cm to 25 m!

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Bar marks format:


To set the single and associated bar mark display, click on the following button:

The field located in the bar mark caption specifies the number format to ArmaCAD. For example, a
number 5 bar mark in the 0, 00, or, 000 format would be written as 5, 05 or 005, respectively. This
format is also applied to single bar marks.
Caution: The width of the bar mark caption is can be used to specify to ArmaCAD where to position
the attributes with respect to the insertion point. If you modify this value, you should also adjust the
corresponding blocks (blocks Cadf_05 and Cadf_ 09), and then use the function “Update all the
ArmaCAD symbols” of the toolbox in order to update your drawing.
Choice of symbol: If the type and grade symbol is "H", a bar mark will take the format "H". If you want
bar marks to be prefixed with the symbol Ø or #, select the corresponding option. If you wish that this
symbol also appear in the bar schedule check the option "Ditto for bar schedules".
Special characters: You have the possibility of inserting special characters by giving their code
"Unicode". For example, the symbol is obtained by the code 23C1 available in the font
"Code2000.TTF".
International Format: This option allows you to write bar marks in the form: 15 H20 – 001 – 200 –
TOP. In this case, the blocks used are Cadf_10 for associated bar marks and Cadf_11 for single bar
marks.

Standard format:

International format:

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7.2 Bending standards

Bending diameters:
The list of the nominal diameters of a project is entirely customizable with the “Add” “Modify” and
“Delete” buttons.
The check button “Activate” makes it possible to disable a diameter for a particular project without
deleting the bending values attached to this diameter.
The bending standards are entered for each diameter:
• The outside diameter of the bar expressed in mm. (For High steel bars)
• Bending diameter for bars with hooks (Type 1) expressed in mm.
• Bending diameter for frames and stirrups (Type 2) expressed in mm.
• The color (256 colors accessible using the button )
• The unit weight expressed in kg/m.
• The width factor allowing to thick the drawing of bars with low diameters.
Repeat this information for the two types of bars (High steel bars and round bars).
The type and grade abbreviations (by default H and M) are configurable by press “Types, Grades and
Processes” button in the “Options” page.

Hook types:
The standard hook lengths are expressed as a number of nominal diameters and are entered by
bending angle, diameter and type.

The length is measured on the straight part of the hook, etc.

Or tangent to the outside round of the hook.

Standard anchors are coded according to the following:


• S.B.: Standard bend -> Bar with 90° hook
• S.A.: Standard anchorage -> Bar with 135° hook
• S.H.: Standard hook -> Bar with 180° hook

Overlapping:
Implicit overlapping values expressed as a number of nominal diameters.
These values are proposed by default by all of the ArmaCAD commands whenever it is necessary to
create an overlap.

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7.3 Bar schedules

Bar legs dimensioning:

• If the "Standard" option is selected, each dimension is represented by a letter on the diagram and
the line of dimension is in the form: A=x B=x C=x....
• If the “BS/ISO” option is selected, the sketches are drawn only when the code form is 99. In
addition, partial dimensions A B C D E/R are printed at intervals regular (by default, 15mm)
without any other indication.
• If the "On the sketch" option is selected, the dimensions are printed directly on the sketch: If the
sketch is a scale diagram, the dimensions are indicated directly on the diagram. If the sketch is a
block with attributes, those are automatically indicated, the values of the attributes being A, B, C...
If the block does not contain attributes, the line of dimensions becomes again A=x B=x C=x...

Bar sketches:

By default, the sketches are blocks inserted by ArmaCAD on each line of the bar schedule.
These blocks are entirely customizable (See Shape Codes).
The scale factor depends of the ratio between dimensions of the block and the format of the bar
schedule page (Row height and column width).
These blocks are replaced by scale diagrams in the following cases:
• Unknown shape(code 999 or 99)
• Scale diagram forced for a particular bar mark (See Bar marks command)
• Indication "X" in column 2 of the ArmaCAD.shp file (See Shape Codes).
• Indication "1" in column 7 of the ArmaCAD.shp file (See Shape Codes).

Their graphic (line weight, colors and height of the dimensions) is customizable:

Notes:
• The “Do not draw the preferred shapes” option is used in particular to comply with the
specifications of the BS 8066 standard.
• The “Height of the dimensions” field is also included for the height of the attributes of the
blocks of the preferred shapes.
• To change the colors, fonts and layers used in the blocks, use the “Update the SHP directory”
function via the ArmaCAD “Toolbox” command.

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Format of the bar schedule pages:


The bar schedule pages are schedules inserted in block form. These schedules do not contain
attributes.
Since these blocks can assume any shape, it is therefore best to configure ArmaCAD so that the text
and diagrams are positioned correctly in relation to the empty table.
Any modification made to the arrangement of the content of bar schedules via the "Options" command
is taken into account instantly. You can, without having to restart AutoCAD, generate a new bar
schedule in order to observe the effects of the modifications made immediately.

Location principle:
• All the dimensions are relative dimensions given with reference to an edge of the bar schedule
pages.
• All distances are expressed in AutoCAD units.
• The symbol of each field can be obtained by dragging the mouse to the desired area (Info
captions)
• Each bar schedule line is composed of various fields for the
information relating to the number, grade, type, etc. Each field
corresponds to the distance between the center of the text and the
left edge of the bar schedule page. Each field can be displayed or
hidden via check boxes located under them. The fields relating to
lengths may be the subject of different round values: Unit length,
total length and partial dimensions.

• The height of “h1” lines corresponds to the distance separating two numbers and determines
the maximum height of the diagrams. The height of “h2” line applies to the lines that do not
have any diagrams. (Variable bars or BS pages).
• The rounds are expressed in mm, cm or inches according to the unit format chosen. Make
sure therefore that you update these values in the event of changing unit format !

Methodology:

• To begin with, open the Cadf_50.dwg block, convert it as required, and then save it.
• Open a drawing test with some numbers.

• Launch the format of the bar schedule pages via the button.
• Activate or deactivate the fields, as necessary or not respectively.
• For each active field, measure the distance between the middle of the column and the left
edge of the Cadf_50 block, and copy this value to the corresponding field.
• Do not hesitate to regularly launch the bar schedule on the test drawing in order to
immediately observe the effects of the changes made to the configuration.
• All the distances are expressed in normal AutoCAD units.

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Particular cases:

• If the abscissa of the “Spacing” field has the same value as the “Total number” field, the
spacing is recorded under the number.
• If the abscissa of the “Revision” field has the same value as the “Bar mark number” field, the
revision number is recorded under the Bar mark number.
• If the abscissa of the “Bending Type” field has the same value as the “Diameter” field, the
bending type is recorded under the diameter.
• If the “Number of elements” and “Number of bars” fields are not active, the total number is
recorded in the form: N x Nb where N is a number of elements greater than 1.

• The button located under the “Number of the bar mark” field allows separate selection of
the font, the color and the height of the number.

Location of summaries:

The tables inserted by ArmaCAD are as follows:


 Bar schedule of the bars.
 Steel rebars weight
 Bar schedule of the trellis panels
 Summary of the couplers and of the trellis.
 Table of the bending mandrels.
 Table of hook lengths.

• The tables can be inserted or not, by means of the checkboxes located below each table.
• The full description of each table can be obtained by dragging the mouse on the image of the
table. (Info bubble)
• The location point of the first bar schedule page is the top left corner. It is specified by a value
X= and a value Y=, expressed in absolute coordinates of the object or paper space.
• All the other tables can be located either in absolute XY coordinates, or in relation to the
previous table.
• All the tables can be fully personalized. The tables of the bending mandrels and of the hook
lengths can have notes and diagrams added that are specific to your project.

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Exporting bar schedules to Excel:


Bar schedules are edited using a template file named "BARLIST.XLT" present in the ArmaCAD or
project support directory.
The settings of the bar schedule line content in Excel is identical to that governing the location of the
bar schedules in AutoCAD apart from the following points:
• The text order depends on the X location order of each field.
• The number of cells depends on the number of fields to be entered.
• The dimensions of the sketches depend on the cell width and height.

The customization of the template is entirely free, only two conditions must be observed:
• Do not delete or invert sheets in the workbook.
• Do not delete named cells.
The named cells enable ArmaCAD to determine the location of the schedules. Therefore, you can
reorganize the schedules as you wish, while observing the following names:
• Title of Title block: "Title"
• Number of Title block: "Number"
• First cell of bending diameter schedule: "tablcf"
• First cell of bar schedule: "rep1"
• First cell of rebars weight "dia1"
• First cell of coupler label column: "label1"
• Number of members (rebars weight): "nb_elm"
• Ratio: “Ratio”

Notes:
• Refer to the “Configurations” directory on the ArmaCAD CD-Rom to test customization
possibilities. (See the “Support files” chapter)
• If you insert any wave file into the ArmaCAD/Support directory, it will be played when the bar
schedule is being regenerated.

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7.4 Rebars weight

The CADF_52.DWG file is the block inserted by ArmaCAD to generate the rebars weights.
Its point of insertion is configurable via the “Location of the tables” button.
This block contains attributes which can be modified according to the following principle:
- All the attributes are numbered from 00 to 29 (in the read order of the list of nominal diameters)
for the high adhesion steels (HA), and from 100 to 129 for the smooth round steels (RL).
- The attributes are separated by categories indicated by a set description according to the
following table:

• The diameter: DI
• The total unbent length in m per diameter: LS
• The total bent length in m per diameter: LB
• The total length in m per diameter: LT
• The unit weight per diameter in kg/m: UM
• The total unbent weight per diameter in kg: WS
• The total bent weight per diameter in kg: WB
• The total weight per diameter in kg: WT
• The total unbent High bars length: TLS0
• The total unbent Round bars length: TLS1
• The total bent High bars length: TLB0
• The total bent Round bars length: TLB1
• The total High bars length: TTL0
• The total Round bars length: TTL1
• The total unbent High bars weight: TWS0
• The total unbent Round bars weight: TWS1
• The total bent High bars weight: TWB0
• The total bent Round bars weight: TWB1
• The total High bars weight: TWT0
• The total Round bars weight: TWT1
• The total length: TTL
• The total weight: TWT
• The total weight for one member: TWT1E
• The mean bars diameter: MOY0
• The Weight/Concrete ratio: RATIO

Examples:
WT01 specifies the total H8 weight.
LT102 specifies the total M10 length.

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Notes:
• You are free to delete or add any attribute or category of attributes.
• The position or order of the attributes is free.
• If an attribute is not recognized by ArmaCAD, a question mark will be entered as its value.
• The CADF_54 file follows the same logic. Like the block CADF_52, it is can be used to establish a
bar weight, but for a set of bar schedules. (See "Bar schedules")
• The rounding of the lengths and weights are configurable:

Attention !
The majoration coefficient applies a masked majoration to each total length by diameter. This should
be used only if you know what you are doing!

No-standard grades or special processes:


In order to account for bars receiving a special process, you must select the following option:

In this case, ArmaCAD will insert as many summaries as exist grades and processes on the drawing.
Files attributes TYPE0 and TYPE1 of each summary allows to fill the text definition of each grade or
process.

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7.5 Shape codes

The ArmaCAD .SHP file contains the list of shape codes applicable to a project.
An extract of the standard configuration is given below:

1 "CFSHP20" "00" (1) (0) () 0


2 "CFSHP32a" "99" (1 0) (0) () 0
3 "CFSHP32b" "99" (1 0) (0) () 0
4 "CFSHP32c" "99" (1 0) (0) () 0
5 "CFSHP32d" "99" (1 0) (0) () 0
6 "CFSHP32e" "99" (1 0) (0) () 0
7 "CFSHP34" "13" (1 0) (0) () 0
12 "CFSHP33a" "11" (0 1 0) (0 0) () 0
13 "CFSHP33b" "99" (0 1 0) (0 0) () 0
14 "CFSHP33c" "99" (0 1 0) (0 0) () 0

Column No. 1: ArmaCAD order number: Do not modify!


Column No. 2: Name of block present in SHP directory. (‘’X’’ for none)
Column No. 3: Shape code label (in this case, ISO shape code).
Column No. 4: Segment dimensioning type (See below)
Column No. 5: Bending angle indication (0=No 1=Yes)
Column No. 6: Segment dimensioning order.
Column No. 7: Sketch drawing ((0=Block,.1=Scale diagram)

Example: Shape No. 12 corresponds to the block CFSHP33a, the ISO shape code is 11. The lengths
of the first and last bends are not dimensioned since they are standard hooks. The standard bending
angles are also not dimensioned. There is no specific dimensioning order and the sketch is inserted as
a block called CFSHP33a.dwg.

You can modify the SHP blocks, change their dimensioning principle, change their names and adapt
the ArmaCAD .SHP file accordingly.

The last line corresponds to the unknown forms: 999 "X" "9.99" (1) (1).
For example, in order not to dimension the angles of the unknown forms, type: 999 "X" "9.99" (1) (0).

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Segment dimensioning:
The way in which each segment is dimensioned is fully configurable. Generally, the length of the
segment and the value of the angle, if it is not standard, are sufficient. However, in some cases, the
angle indications may not be admissible and the dimensions must be broken down according to the
following coding:
0: The segment is not dimensioned.
1: The segment is dimensioned by its length
2: Length + vertical projection perpendicular to the next bend.
3: Length + horizontal projection parallel with the next bend.
4: Length + vertical projection perpendicular to the previous bend.
5: Length + horizontal projection parallel with the previous bend.
6: Vertical and horizontal projections with respect to the next bend.
7: Vertical and horizontal projections with respect to the previous bend.
8 Length + Vertical and horizontal projections with respect to the next bend. (3 dimensions)
9: Length + Vertical and horizontal projections with respect to the previous bend. (3 dimensions)

Examples for a bar containing 3 segments:


(1 1 1) = All the segments are dimensioned.
(0 1 0) = Only the second segment of the bar is dimensioned by its length.
(2 1 0) = The first segment is broken down into a length and a height perpendicular to the next
segment.
(3 1 0) = The first segment is broken down into a length and a height parallel with the next segment
(6 1 7) = The three segments are dimensioned horizontally, the first and last segments are
dimensioned vertically.
Caution: All the dimensions are outside dimensions. (See Dimensioning principle in the List bar
command.)

Segment dimensioning order:


Each dimension specified in the bar schedule has a corresponding letter contained in the sketch. By
default, the order of dimensioning is alphabetical: First dimension = A, code 0, second = B, code 1,
etc...
For example, a bar containing five dimensions in the order A B C D E will be specified (0 1 2 3 4). If
you wish the third dimension to be specified as "E", you should specify (0 1 4 2 3).
Caution: The number of dimensions to be arranged in order depends on the segment dimensioning
type defined in column 4. In the above examples (Three segment bar), the number of dimensions to
be placed in order may vary depending on the case by a factor of three due to the presence of the
exploded dimensions.

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Content of SHP directory:

This consists of the set of sketches corresponding to the ArmaCAD shapes.


These sketches are used by ArmaCAD to view shapes in the List a bar and Bar marks command
commands. They are also used in bar schedules.
You can modify these blocks as you wish, create new blocks, or rename them, provided that they are
consistent with the ArmaCAD.SHP file. It is recommended to create specific blocks for a project or a
client in a separate SHP directory as described in the Support files section.
To help you in the redefinition of these blocks, print the drawing "Shapes.dwg" present in the
ArmaCAD Support directory.
By default, the colors used in these shapes are red, green for text, and white for dimension lines. You
can modify these colors by entering the command "Customization of SHP directory" in the Toolbox:
This function will modify the set of shapes in the selected SHP directory with the colors specified by
you. These new colors will be taken into account when a new bar schedule is run.

Customization of sketches inserted using the Associated bar marks command:


The SHP directory may also contain blocks used for the sketches of the associated bar marks. By
default, ArmaCAD draws the sketch of the associated bar mark identical to the marked bar. If you
want ArmaCAD to insert a specific sketch when marking a given shape, create a block with the same
name as the ArmaCAD shape. For example, chair sketches (shape No. 92) are represented by the
block 92.DWG. On the ArmaCAD CD-Rom, the “Configurations\Croquis” (sketches) directory contains
several shapes that you can copy into your SHP directory.

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7.6 Welded fabrics

Welded fabric objects created with ArmaCAD are located in a separate layer in which the name and
color are configurable. The color is taken into account when the layer is created by ArmaCAD. The
number may have a specific color (red by default), as may the longitudinal wire (blue). These colors
may be changed to be "DULAYER"
The height of the dimensioning texts and their layer name are also configurable. Note that these two
values are also used for couplers.

The font, color and height of the number is configurable via the button.
It is possible not to number the panels by checking the “Do not number” option.

Editing the configuration file:


The file has the following structure:
Type L1 L2 R1 R2 Kg/m2 Ratio
"ST10" 4800 2400 440 440 1.87 1.25

This list is modifiable. You can modify, add or delete lines by observing the following rules:
• The type must be in inverted commas.
• The dimensions L1, L2, R1 and R2 must be entered in mm.
• L1 is the length of the longitudinal wire, L2 that of the cross wire.
• R1 is the min. overlap in the direction of the longitudinal wire and R2 that for the cross wire.
• The “Ratio” column expresses the Area with overlaps/ Effective area ratio. This ratio is only used
for the “Mean panel” mode.

Format of the schedules


The customization is the same as the bar schedule pages. (See Bar schedules)
If the “Do not number” option is checked, then the bar schedule pages are not generated.

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Format of the summary:


The CADF_52.DWG file is the block inserted by ArmaCAD to generate the welded fabrics summary.
This block contains 5 attributes by each type which can be modified according to the following
principle:
• TYTS: Type of panel (for example ST10)
• SUTS: Surface per type in m2.
• PUTS: Unit weight in kg/m2.
• PDTS: Working weight per type in kg.
• NPTS: Number of panels to order.
• PPTS: Total Weight per type to order (Facultative)
• Types are numbered from 00 to 99 in the same order than the configuration file (see above)
Example: SUTS00 is the total surface of ST10 and PDTS01 is the total weight of ST20.
• The attribute of the total working weight is: PTTS

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7.7 Couplers

A coupler is defined by three dimensions: Its length L, its outside diameter D, and its thread length R.
These three dimensions are to be defined for each diameter. Two series of dimensions can be used,
depending on whether the coupler is type 1 or 2 and 3. These types have corresponding labels, which
can also be customized. These labels are displayed in the bar schedule; also, it is recommended to
use abbreviations such as M1 or C1. The summary (Cadf_51) and the Excel template (Barlist.xlt) may
be customized in order to enter for each label the coupler manufacturer reference numbers.
The dimensions L and D are used by ArmaCAD to draw the coupler to scale for the “Add a Coupler”
command. The dimension R is can be used to position the thread length and modify the working
length of the bar if the "Retain working length" option is checked.

Dimensioning of coupled bars: By default, given lengths in the bar schedule are real lengths of the bar
(Thread included). If you are not sure about the type and size of the couplers to implement, select the
option “Length including coupler”. In this case, don’t forget to specify it in a note attached to your bar
schedule.
Length bar alone: Length including coupler:

Curved bars: In principle, it is not authorized to thread a bar with a curved end. However, for bars with
a large radius, it is possible to set the value above which threading will be authorized.

Drawing the couplers: ArmaCAD uses the Cadf_20 and Cadf_21 blocks respectively to represent the
couplers and the threads. It is possible to differentiate the drawing of couplers, in accordance with
each label, by creating customized blocks called Cadf_25 to Cadf_28, for labels 1 to 4.

Format of the summary table:


The CADF_51.DWG file is the block inserted by ArmaCAD to generate the summary of the couplers.
Its point of insertion is configurable via the “Location of the tables” button.
This block contains 6 optional attributes by diameter, whose prefixes are named according to the
following principle:
• DI: Diameter.
• M0: Number of threads only.
• M1, M2, M3 and M4: Number of couplers for types 1 to 4.
• The attributes are numbered from 00 to 99 in the read order of the list of nominal diameters. (The
small diameters not used are ignored).
• Attributes LA01, LA02, LA03 and LA04 correspondent to the labels of the four types of coupler.
• The attribute of the number of couplers (other than threads only) is: NBCPL.

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7.8 Support files

ArmaCAD runs with a number of external files. They can be customized as required. A list of these
files is given below:
• CADF_01.DWG (Star bar mark)
• CADF_02.DWG (Single arrow)
• CADF_03.DWG (Arrow for dimension line)
• CADF_04.DWG (Oblique mark)
• CADF_05.DWG (Associated bar mark)
• CADF_06.DWG (Bar mark for variable bar element – Release 5)
• CADF_07.DWG (Single number for end of bar mark)
• CADF_08.DWG (Circle)
• CADF_09 (Single bar mark with 2 comments)
• CADF_10 (Associated bar mark -BS type)
• CADF_11 (Single bar mark – BS type)
• CADF_16.DWG (Bar mark for variable bar element – Release 6+)
• CADF_20.DWG (Coupler)
• CADF_21.DWG (Thread)
• CADF_25, CADF_26, CADF_27, CADF_28 (Customized couplers types 1 to 4)
• CADF_30.DWG (Central round for welded fabrics)
• CADF_41.DWG (Section title for bar schedules)
• CADF_50.DWG (Bar schedule)
• CADF_51.DWG (Couplers and welded fabrics summaries)
• CADF_52.DWG (Rebars weight schedule)
• CADF_53.DWG (Bending schedule)
• CADF_53A.DWG (Table of hook lengths)
• CADF_54.DWG (Summary)
• CADF_55.DWG (Welded fabrics schedule page)
• ArmaCAD .SHP (List of shape codes and dimensioning settings)
• ArmaCAD .CFG (ArmaCAD settings for current project)
• BARLIST.XLT (Template file for bar schedules in Excel)
• BARLIST2.XLT (Template file for CAM bar schedules in Excel
• SHP (Subdirectory containing customized bar shape sketches)

These files are present in the ArmaCAD setup directory but you can duplicate all or part of these files
to another directory in order to customize them. To specify to ArmaCAD where to search for these files
in priority, use the “User Options” command and specify the path in the field called "Files support
search path". ArmaCAD takes the new path into account when a new command is run. This path is
retained in the user profile.

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Another method consists in configuring ArmaCAD each time AutoCAD is run; for this, simply enter an
environment variable called "CADF_SUP".
For example: SET CADF_SUP=C:\PROJECTS\CLIENT3\ArmaCAD
If this environment variable exists, its content takes priority in the search path defined in the user
profile.
Each time one of these files is called, ArmaCAD searches in order of priority:
• The path defined by the environment variable CADF_SUP.
• The path defined by the Options command.
• The path of the ArmaCAD directory.

If the support file access path is not valid, ArmaCAD searches for the support files in its setup
directory.

Simplified example of multiple configuration:

In the example of Client3, the content of the ArmaCAD subdirectory contains two blocks, (Associated
bar mark and bar schedule page), the two configuration files and an SHP directory containing some
customized sketches. The same applies for client2 but with no customized sketches. For Client1, no
specific settings, therefore, by default, the Support files contained in the ArmaCAD setup directory are
used.

To configure ArmaCAD outside AutoCAD:


Create a <Config.exe> program shortcut on your desktop. Drag, from the file explorer, an
ArmaCAD.cfg file to the Config.exe icon.
In the case of an error when Config.exe is run, insert the setup CD-Rom and run the program
\ArmaCAD8\System\Client.exe.

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7.9 User Options

All these options are retained in the current user profile of each work station.

This option makes it possible to reduce the risk of working on a drawing with a configuration from
another project. The configuration can be used to create your drawing is retained and is compared
with the current configuration. In the case of a difference between the saved configuration and the
current configuration, a warning message is activated.

These options are used to disable the display of the erasure confirmation messages on certain
sensitive ArmaCAD objects.

ArmaCAD is multilingual (French/English/Spanish/Italian). Simply click on the flag concerned to


translate all ArmaCAD commands, messages, menus and dialog boxes instantly.

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Keyboard shortcuts:
It is possible to call any ArmaCAD command through a keyboard shortcut.
For example “SB” for “Standard bars”.
Keyboards do not modify Acad.pgp file and menu files:

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