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Activity Paper

1. Explain the principle of the direct shear test. What are the advantages of this test ?
2. What are its limitations? (S.V.U.—Four year B.Tech.—April, 1983) 8.2 What are the advantages
and disadvantages of a triaxial compression test? Briefly explain how you conduct the test and
compute the shear parameters for the soil from the test data. (S.V.U.—B.Tech. (Part-time)—
May, 1983), (B.E., (R.R)—Sep, 1978) 8.3
3. Differentiate between unconsolidated undrained test and a drained test. Under what conditions
are these test results used for design purposes? (S.V.U.—B.Tech. (Part-time)—Sep., 1982) 8.4
4. Write brief critical notes on: (a) Mohr’s Circle (B.Tech. (Part-time)—Sep., 1982) (b) Unconfined
compression Test (B.Tech. (Part-time)—June. 1981) (c) Triaxial test and its merits (B.Tech.
(R.R.)—Feb., 1976) 8.5
5. (a) Explain the basic differences between a box shear test and a triaxial shear test for soils. (b)
Differentiate between shear strength parameters obtained from total and effective stress
considerations. (S.V.U.—B.Tech. (Part-time)—Apr., 1982) 8.6
6. (a) Explain the Mohr-Coulomb strength envelope. (b) Sketch the stress-strain relationship for
dense and loose and. (S.V.U.—B.Tech. (Part-time)—Apr., 1982) 8.7
7. What are the three standard triaxial shear tests with respect to drainage conditions? Explain
with reasons the situations for which each test is to be preferred. (S.V.U.—B.Tech. (Part-time)—
June., 1981, B.E. (R.R.)—Nov., 1974)
8. Explain the shear characteristics of sand and normally loaded clays. (S.V.U. (B.E.) (R.R.)—May,
1971) 8.9
9. (a) What is the effect of pore pressure in strength of soils? (b) Explain Coulomb’s law for
shearing strength of soils and its modification by Terzaghi. (S.V.U.—B.E. (N.R.)—May, 1969) 8.10
10. A granular soil is subjected to a minor principal stress of 200 kN/m2. If the angle of internal
friction is 30°, determine the inclination of the plane of failure with respect to the direction of
the major principal stress. What are the stresses on the plane of failure and the maximum shear
stress induced?
11. Samples of compacted, clean, dry sand were tested in a shear box, 6 cm × 6 cm, and the
following observations were recorded: Normal load (N): 100 200 300 Peak shear load (N): 90
180 270 Ultimate shear load (N): 75 150 225 Determine the angle of shearing resistance in (a)
the dense state and in (b) the loose state. 8.12
12. An embankment consists of clay fill for which c′ = 25 kN/m2 and φ = 27° (from
consolidatedundrained tests with pore-pressure measurement). The average bulk unit-weight of
the fill is 2Mg/m3. Estimate the shear-strength of the material on a horizontal plane at a point
20 m below the surface of the embankment, if the pore pressure at this point is 180 kN/m2 as
shown by a piezometer.